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~ FIUT FI611Tf.
~ JAPSUSf ...
&\IllS AT TOKYO
~ IN PIIOTO RECOil.
XXI B 0 M BERe 0 M MAND
19 April 1945
XXI BCllC<II OPERA I S
Tetra-&th71 Lead Productlon cot 3
Strlke Photo Hodagaya <llelllcal CcapaD7 4
Strlke Photo l(ar1yema <lle:l1eal Plant 5
Str1ke Photo Target 193 6
Scratch 1931 7
73rd Hlts 357 lce 7
Str 1ke Photo 357 8
Strlke Photo Shlrooka Alc Engloe works 9
Alrflelds Bmbed 10
First Landlog of B-29 by elf 51st 10
Crew Comment. Anslfered 10
Correct10n to story on Wa1st Gunner II
Photo Coverage of the Week 12
Photo Interpretation Report. 12
Japs Use 88IIIm AA Gun at Tokyo
Air-to-Air Phosphorus Bmba
AI. Fire trOlll Trawlers
posslble Explanatlon of Balla or Fire
3rd Photo _ Dttle1al Pbo""".... r rtf Japan
Nakaj1ma Lo.es Ota Plant
JAPANESE AIR DEFE S8
First Flghter Escort
Jap Eerly Wern10g Systl!lll
: t haS been saio tn_t I.';' <..CC
ted financial atd the '-lts'
but later bought baok :lost of
stook, and "1'ler to hls yo
er brother Kiyoji as cOl!lPlete1y
divit!Ual an enterprise as ear.
found in present.!!ay JaflS
, and ln the ease of t
psrtieular plant, the Arl!J'f, t
been t:le " ..1 r,l&Ster
quantlty and quallty of planes
dueedl b'lt Nal<a.It::ll'S r,,'Cut"1tt
an inaepenoent !!p
st1'1 persiSts •
'us PRIDE em JOY
15401, waS un4?Ubtedly th
prlde e.ne JOJ of lts CM
ner,..me according to sOCte7'hat d!
vergent lnt'orcatlen, 15 ChlkuhE
the cost successful lnd:
vidual plan!!l".aker in Jaoan. 'n
other airora!t eOClpan1es repres
industrial g.roups, sueh &5 the !.:1
sublShi, the ane the lik
'cut tlakaji::;&, according to legen
is sald to have broken off as
of l1t.Sub1Shl (be is sls
and not necessarily ooor.radlctor1
piotured as a retired capta!
and started out on hH 'J1m.
s':JJe later aota':.10rS, as &gO
as 1936 _ practically the !!e..rk ages
as far as tOP Jao aircraft ractor-
165 go. It 15, hotrever, the sue·
cessor of NakaJ1!:a's original Otl!
plant, target '769, about 1/Z mill
to tte northrest of tt.e sl te ple·
tured in these pages.
mon 1n Allted quuurs
over _tll feel 8 sort or
regret at the disappear-
one of their greatest Jap
'.. Though the plaoe 15 fre-
knO'lll'n as the "Ne_ eta Plant:;
• m15nooer in one respeot
was fuJly built. for
kaJtca at Ota (Target is
,onger a target. ThiS huge air·
assembly plant. oovering a
,d area of nearly 5.000,000
e feet, _as to have
,oed about 15 to 20 peroent or
Jap oombat airoraft. Solely
to Army types, the plant 15
ted to have produced the HELEN,
QBCAR and, more recently, the
• as ..eU as the TONY and the
,24" ,40" GO<I
6" ,24" ,40"
6" ,24" ,40"
6" ,24" ,40"
6" ,24" ,40"
6" ,24" ,40"
Yatsushiro, ,:yushu I
6" ,24" ,40"
So, Sasebo, Tokuyama
Nagoya, Jfito, Kofu 6" ,24" ,40"
Y.Urume. Yatsush1ro, 6" ,24" ,40"
Y.Ure, Yyushu So,
, r-l-JU 0__<iii.
ISSUed By central
survey Report #62
Survey Report R63
Survey Report #60
REPORT NAME AND NmlBER
Eleotronios Report 114
5lJl29 7 Apr
51.1130 8 Apr
511131 8 Apr
51a32 11 Apr
511133 12 Apr
If'v ... ,nv
10 ,lebruul'y .- The ata ?lant
takes a beat1.ng rrom the XXI t!01l_
ber Command. Damage Toes '155,900
iiere is iarget 1544 Q.fter a
!:avy strike on 1&_1'1 ,ebruary
3dded another 906,500 feet
';0 the total an"
:!!.Ir.8ge seen in this photo totals
, -i" • .....
-., ...' '.,.,
. - _ •.
The bODbers daiced 40 ene:t!Y
fighterS destroyed, 30 prObably
destroyed end 40 damaged. The
fighterS claimed 21 destroyed, siX
probables and 10 de.l:I8ged. Two
P_5ls wera lost but the pilot of
one of them, which ditched after
leavin,l( the target area, was p1cked
up by Air-Sea :l.e5Cue.
apparentlY lost but
determined to carry out an eseort
miSsion, joined up with some B..
of the 314th '''iog going to !'iego:.·'
end provided th8'l! with a
escort t., their target end out.
A study of tl".e miSsion leads t
1. The Jap interceptors
to avoid our escort and strike d.
rectlY at the B_29s.
e. In r.. instances did t'
P_5lS attack Ja1"s not th:,e!l.teni
iiUiiever, due perhOjl!: t., n<>c·
cessity for a !:harp turn on the
withdre:wal, the Jap interceptors
were able to reach the lest two
groupS, !:laking 4.50 att...
of the attscb we:... coordinated,
coming from abon:, .ihe:J.d and ClUt of
the 9un. 20 air-
aU' bO'llbtngs 'liere attempted. One
lost the tOP of its vertical
in !l. mid_air> coUlsion
with an enetlY aircraft I bJ.t le.nded
safely on lwo.
The Jap fighters ....ere alerted
and 125 of them "ere waiting in tl:e
aU' four or five reiles north of the
point. Apparently they "ere
1n doubt as to Whether the boo'berS
were to attaek targets in the ur'b&n
area of Tokyo or the llakajima plant.
J APS AGG!l.E."SIVE
The P_51s, flying for the most
tll.1't in the conventional two_plane
uddy formation, with a fe" four-
Plane rormations. kept the agg
s va Japs away from the first two
grQlJ,ps of bmbers. Only when the
'. threatened the bombers did the
in s attack them. The B_29S were
It closest forl!l8tion yet nown.
pas ook them only siX l!linute!l to
s the line of bomb releas".
Three B_29s were attached to the
belly.tanked p_51s for navigational
purposes en13 led them to a perfect
• From the rendezVOUS
point to the target the bombers
flew in a column of grouPS, with
the escort above and three or four
minutes ahead of the bomberS.
I .. ('ust XXI Boober com""nd .,-
miSsion was flown on 7 April
"hen thO 7:3rd "i1ng attacked the
knJima Aircreft Engine plant in To-
kyO. About 60 P_515 of the Vll
Fighter command staged from 1'1"1'0 and
lI!et the bombers over the coast of
Japan after the longest over_water
escort flight on reco:,d.
If we are not
fOOOS and the rest or t!.I
made at Ote to
Japanese skies, where thet L'li
being made? The answer 13
could conceivably be at
'ill' craft assembly plant all
It would be log1calllrt
ell necessary for
to absorb thiS productlllto
j lma IS nearby KolzUCl1 plallt
1545) is not'a candidate, fl
a Navy plant, and ..1
age both exist here too,
The old Ota plant, tarpl
far too small, and has 'Ill
been converted to parts an5
"ore likely .--
places as target 1643 at
repUted to be a NakajIma
a Similar place at near
.. 1'arget 1635, uakajldl
south . of ilagOY"
possiblli ty and neitner,
down the ceo:!!. '
change in loc
ttQt'l tr Without a
)'et the 811' of· II
t. (c we have mad'
°n£ident ial )
Unfortunately, the result:!
oot be assessed by merely t&. tnay
Jananese aircraft productlon
and subtracting from them the r:. s
bel' and types formerly put OUt lilt
the Ota plant. The fllct thlit til
Japs began pnrtial removal
10 February indicates thct sOllie
the facilities may be ln use elSe.
17here. and it cannot be Oenled that
even after the attacks much e01J,ld
have been salvaged. ,\ssembly is a
far easier undertaking than engine
manufacture ond the maehinery and
machine tools required for the pro.
cess are both fe'"er and simpler.
missions, plu$ a little help
from the Ja'Os themselves, in the
?fey 'Of building reltoval, hardly
seems an excessive price to pay to
remove such a factory from the scene.
T\e total figure of 1.6<)4,400 square
feet represents 74.5 'Percent of the
total roof area,and if this: doesn't
high enough, a glance at the
,ccornpanying photograph will show
that it was the vi tal bUildings
which received of this puniSh_
ment, and that the undamaged areas
are mere portions of hit
buildings or are small bUildings de;.
voted to training. admlnlstr"tion
and other non. productive adjuncts
of the plant. The guts of the fac_
tory are gone, and Target 15440 is
removed the list.
tlle enelll7. TWo "'tijJ VJ. ... au
encountered near landfall on the
in, were there as expected. But
they were engaged by the escort Bnd
didn't get home with their news.
4. The Japs \Tent all out. to
I/yrts "ere "l'
5. The eseOl't
mtss ion ran sa s
had been old
PhotograIi\ of flak !rae'
ment reproduced her. at
It has been known for some time
t the JaD8.nese were employing an
AA gun. However,none of these
lpons has been captured to date
i Information on the capabilitles
the gun is Est1_
IS on the field of ftl'e of the
indicate that it 1s superior
the Jap l20mm. F'ollowing is a
,lation comparing the character_
,CS of the two guns.. It should
;understood that th':! figures giv-
t'or the 88rrl are only
_ the frago.ent
,tb 8 complete round of 68:nt'l
and concluded that it is
tually certain that the
cent is part of 8 Japanese
100 Illec:hanicel til!:e and point.
onatlng fuze. This fuze is used
,th the Type 100 shell for
type 99 68mm AA gun." The c:ut
_ draWing sho-..s the fuze and
,t portion of which lodged 1n the
The controller vecte'l
tel'S to the
ly he does not vector III
bomber tonnation or to
!bere is little -fSl_
effective use of 81rb OCJ'
1s dOUbtea whether t:1I rJ
15 in use. The systhaD'
to an area rather tr4
is Perhaps the reason
Interceptor must dept 0'
lUeans to make final
Our B..29s. (Secret)
tor (A.ny comment or add:
"eIlllatton on the above.
by the Ene
g •. n1t of' i:h...--..A ._
result of 8 the area Control d1ree FUZE
availa,)le: e eVidence So far Usually limited to tI, I.:aj. Julian of the "ec'lanical
formation of bombel'S tlll ,3l3th Wing on the night T1'l1BHClPl\ct
The Japanese Indications are that is mission over Tokyo on 10 t:t.:oel 100
tem 1s based on early Warning sys_ tions are not put 111 tIM Februsry 1945. The frag_
boats and 1 13 a system of Picket a Single plane ap t I'f8S turned over to the flak
Ual observ ..based radar and i Ncer of the 313th "ling snC! was
in Patrs a on. The boats v S- There t through proper channels to
or 31gperate USe of no Indlc:atll1 PDA Army Service ?orces EneJ:lY
about 0 45 E, at Int N and l1ev d th by the el1eJ1. \ lpment Intelligence Service
degree. The erva1s or f .8 at one for analysts.
upon or Spotting a1 Plcket boats ormation of
cate eyes aM ears Illost entirely 'Yl!en the area controlllt'
communl_ OPinion of the Wilt_I
sltu3.tl y COded cr,,; y radio, nor_ tacked, he passes th.
ons by VOic:e and In urgent to the district contr,
All' w· district controller
po Shotoarnlng stations establish voice c:0l:I:ltlD1cdI
Jllll6.. Torre on HBha /n the Uam_ them. The tighter! replJ'
MiYaki Jtlll8. ShI11la, Hachi;rn
• ChiChi if they can melee contac:t.
• 0 J1Jna Bnd cannot make contact th.,.
rhe Control . they have the facllities.
Pire are di stati
C!oubtedl videel intoons in Ute
the eli t s not a diff -
trol rict Control -h er_
landine.g rcrart in thstationsethez.
t • It 1s e ai con_
dIstrict Control fighters r
Station t rOIll or:!
!tELY 011 I/IS,PL 0 anoth",8
.. SI01'Tn •
A though th 103
Chain of ere is an e
around th ground rada
te attackt Of Honshu y on
tte enemy a;:epe:;anes reach the artel'
s to rely coo.
b. n operattona.,..0h".
• lIillil en
. :" ..
vated continuously 5lnca that
but lt has aodurtld the 1.&ntn1
of bell1& a "etv1l1an" l.rJl5 already
had d1StlCSUlshed servlce 1n'lh1S
war .man lt was called upoo to be
the -eyU" or tha XXI
The naw.ramed nut or a
n.29 orar To'q'o wasJUOtA:
taln Ralph D. St.ea ay salpan
on 1 November 19oH. ether rl1&b
rapldlJ unUl bJ 24 !lone-
bar the date or tha r1.rs
Itrh. aadnst Japan, tha lOOl-bid·
dan race or Japan had bean
trOll .. naaber or ans
WhO tha rirst XXI bO_bln& aU·
Ilen was launched Or'l 24 lfO'tftbar.
shlps or the f'loto R.,.nn. SQOo.
Prance,· Germany. China, Indla,
_. South America, the Caribbeaa.
,da. the Aleutians and nO- Japan
becoma as ftlllllll8,r as lts own
,Iht Hne to the 3rd Photo Reeon-
Squadron, Whlch has an
,enUc ramUy tree wlth rOots ln
'1d War 1. It hnn't been acU·
E:. The e1rcr;Jft ;as
wi th flo. one engine
tne left flap and 1'ill&
aged. The AA fire ..
and rnedit:m weapons,
thought to have b!'ell 20
Ttro other ar<ned
were tlet at 290:38'll •
.. , .'''''\.
Tokyo J:llsslon b1 tt:;,
April. Cne '
by a PhOSPhorus
the res ul t or
with flak hits as l
tr1butlng factor. C.
20 unsuccessful abo.'
?1ere attEmpted b7
from planes flYing
them fron: higher e.ltl
miles per hour. S1% .-
captured jet plane, l1li
"ing spread and c1&U
lages. 16 feet locg.
2. That it 15 a"
led, flying boob,
80M launched from I
• That it is
st ' jet-propelled --
PIeered by an o;:>erator
no a conventional P
eo. by our cre·1S.
lIot . P
Recantly e. JI
, carrylng a
to the Germ'!n q,
was bombed with a
by a Zeke 10
feet above. Tho
and ahead of the
On n nu.'Tlber of miss tons _
shU, our R-29s have reno""t d'ler Hoo_
illG "bo.lls of fire" cteerv_
ou:- aircraft. The "'ost ollOWed
repo:'ts of this !dnd-"ere detailed
areer strike miSSion 5"1
1945. ' Ap
The follOWing three h •
he..,e been advanced by
gC:l.ce Section. COMAIi' 20 POA:
1. Th.at the of !'he" "
, • 11'" -:> n
1:-' ·A.r...... CO:'\Sls"
of ."1. war:-,Aad contrOll ..!] b
sU1Clce p1lot. $Uch an a1rc; a'
h&s been recovered on Okinawa tl,it
has a wlng spread of 12 feet t
14 feet and is
ered by a rocl:et propulston
-stl :.ste'" sJ)eecl ts fr'o':" 200 to
)f light and
flaJl:: from Jap trawlers is
by the follOWing experience
of the 731"0 "'i'ing 0:1 their ::lission
to r.yushu on 31 !!arch.
l)ne flYing at an alti_
tude of 600 feet, was fired on by
two trawlpt's at 29038' N _ 135
o 'cloek and 500
bomb burst above
Th! :J;o.:;t serious attaci< ·;;·as di-
at Aircraft 44-69728. Five
rojos bo:nbed it alternately fro:!!
each iide, dro?ping one phosphorus
bomb each. ::'our exploded
ahead and 500 feet high t and one
level ahead. -'mother 8_29 re-
ported an attack b:, A which
droP1e:d a bomb yards ahead and
above. ;:-st "'ccur-
vated continuously since that t1c.e
but it haS endured the even
of being a and alreadY
had diStinguiShed service 1n this
war ..men it was called upon to be
the of the XXI
the nOW. famed f1rst tlight or a
aver TOkyO waS plloted by cap-
tain Ralph D. Steakley from 58ipa
on 1 November 1944. ether flig
1l'ed rapidlY untll by eo\; NoVee<o
bel' the Oate or the rtr
strike sge1nst Japan, the 10ng_b1d-
Oen race or Japan had been
trOll a D\1ltl'oer or angleS.
WheD the f1rst XXI bombing a15;
siOO waS ).Bunched on 24 liOV
shipS or the 3rd Photo B,et't)(\o
France,' Qermany, China, India.
lturma, South America, the Cari'o'beaa.
canada, the Aleutians and now Japan
have become as familiar as its own
night line to the 3rd Photo RecO
Daissance Squadron, which has an
authentic family tree with rootl In
World war 1. It hasn't 'been actl·
!hiles per hour. Six ot.'1tr
captured jet planes
Wing spread and cigar 5
lages, 16 feet long.
1 2. that it is a
ed, flying bomb,
Tt';o other armed pic:
were net a t N - 135
'11'1th ilo. one engine
Ule left flap and \'1ing 51
aged. The AA fire "as
and rr:edium weapons,' tbfI
thought to have b?en 20 ..
-'''<10 If ........ -
" .. ,
cessful air-to_air ;"I;
Tokyo oiss1on by the 0.
April. Cne B-29 ttas
by 8 phosphorus blJll'b1 __
the result or
with flak hits as a
tributing ractor. On tll1i'
20 unsuccessful a1Jo..
-;vere attempted by th.q
from places flying Intl.
our formations and stJIe
them frorr: higher altitUll,
That it is a radiO'
by an o;>erator 111,
rrOl:! ,ar.d probably a15?
\lOtted plane haS .....
'J our cre·1S.
Recantly a Jap
.. German --.",.,--
Sh'J, 001' repO:'ted
tOG or ftre" lI'ntch [ollOlled
0111' aircrart. The ::.ost detailed
re;lo:'ts or th1s Id.nd were received
atter strike Cllssion 57, '3 lI.pril
the tOllowing three hYilothllses
have been advanced by the Intel1i.
acnce Section, COMAF 20 pall.:
1. 'l"n5.t u·'il.ll or !os n
or l\ ane controU"<l b:," I!I.'
SU1ctde pUot.. ::SUch an ahcl'tl.h,
has been recOvered on Okinalfa. It
has a w1ng spread or 12 teet and lI.
tu5el&i':e 14 feat aM is ilatf.
eroo by a rocl:-et prOPUlsion Unit.
-St1;ate'" s:leecl is ZOO to
tllJl,U \/"" ... •
level '11th the aircraft.
B..29 'lias bombed with !1
phOsphol"JS bo:nb by a 'Zeke fro::! 10
olclock and 500 feet above. Tho
oO::lb burst above and ahead of the
The :r.o.st $!':r1ous attack "::e5 di-
rected et 44 ..69128. Five
to1oS \o::lbed it alternatelj fro:!!
sUe, dro?p1ng one phosphorus
00:.0 eae"rl. "'CAlr bo:obs exploded
ahead and 5CO feet high, and one
level a:-.d ahead. Another B_29 re-
an attacK b: A. 1'0.'0 which
drW;loo a oOOlb yardS and
',CY''' .. a"oove. ':l,P ';) ;:-3t ">ccur-
1he ')f light ana
nay, frO'll Jap trawlers 1s
she;,n by the rollCll'ltnq experience
ot' the ",;ing their :::Ii55ioo
to i"yu5hll on
One aircrart, flYing at an a1ti_
t'.Jia or GOO teet, ..as tired on by
","0 tra'llll't's at 11 • l'350_t.5'
·• ---- uinea pigs for tne opel''' c-
ved as ,.g, '!o'uable data had been
i'n as "ell, 'itions wea-
- , d o· "li.ht ceno "
,. 1'2 I' oble;:\s such as
consul':P •. ,
of enccy opposition.
'Qy 7 'pril of t\:is year 3rd
182 combat sorties in this
tteater, out industry
"hich the Japs tr.ought VIas safely
tucked away, mapping cities, spot-
tin< airfielc.s and gun positions
occasionally taking a squint
dO'"n F.irohito's cbi:l'ney (see accom-
panying photo of 'alace.)
In the performance of these du-
ties, the squadron has flown 2,294
cor.;bat hours over 457,765 miles.
It has photographed 691,600 square
miles and covered 25,780 miles of
Of 1,268 assigned targets it has
covered 725 with 6, 24 or 40-inch
photography (as of 7 April) '')1'
57.3 percent I
Squadron planes are deSignated
as F-l3As and carry at least seven
cameras with 6, 24 and 40 inch len_
ses. 6 000 f
film can be exposed on'one
Imring the first "eek in April
a 3rd Photo Squadron plane
4,100 statute miles non-stop in 16
hours and 15 minutes. This is be
lieved to have been the longest
non-stop photo reconnaissance'run
.Lau nc.o iJU .... ..Ln op_ .
The people ',mo
there nov.' claim th3t t':eir 1
ca:r,era cepa:.t.,ent a: ",
finest of then kind in the r"
The can:era repa I' secthn
str!.lcted an installation troil
rr. nor reoair
• can 4
made at the aircraft and on ".le-
load ing equi "ment for tToo
can be carr ied at one time', '
Aircraft returning from nissl
land between l6CO and -ic
hours. Film magazines are oleO;
up immed iately and rushed to
;Jhoto lab, Vlhere the film Is
veloped. The film is scanned bi!
ohoto intelligence officer,
iects negatives Which are "riot<
and rushed to the photo
ers of a combined interpretatil
unit for flash information, !
flash report will be q
0800 the next morning, and fr.
quently important information 1m
be given the Somrnanding General
during the night.
Duplicate negatives. cenpleU
sets of prints and 'ilosaicS are
pleted and forwarded as 5000
Possible to the photo
Who complete damage
survey, indus tr ial, airfield U
many other special type
Photographs taken by this Squ&tell
are distributed to approxi::a 1lII
350 different agencies thr
and 356,000 prints have been devel_
oped by the squadron photo' lab
since 1 November 1944. ApprOXi_
mately 700,000 square miles of Ja_
pan has been pictured on 301,000
feet of f11m.
This work has been doDe ,'.
Cost r five ,.-
three cr e71S and Ig110
The fi ost since 1 l-/ovemberBombl
plane lost by the onnal"
oance was a 3rd Photo 'lec "
have plane. In
Ply dis ched and were lost: nf'
Plane after taJ:te·o
bal'dl1lent lost during an enell)'