• 'ONOUCT

K"'OE OFJAP...N
P.GET: JAP
IIl.CIl.AFT IIlOUSTRV
~ PEASHOOTEII. PEn
" EltPOSES MVSTlC
.. RECOGNITION OF
" JAP flEET UII ITS
PAGE4
PAGE&
PAGE II
PAGE 17
PA.,E21
.,
I
,
.., ........ :;1

;11111
\
I
J
,

'lb. lpacitic tal'euoI for
the cooro4l.nated II1ItlClQl
wC'. tba t..,.. Jan!
1\I
all
a.e: 8tatioo, to-"
Coal LlquetactlOD and Brio.
qu.tte 'acterr, 0 At.. ou
5taraee alld Otah OU fte.
tloar,.
"' B-tt8 1.AIJIal!D
To eto the JOb ilic:ratt rr.
the !16th, 73ro4 arid 314th lJlIlp 91ft
&1rbarne. All bcabtna ftI dIXIe rtI.
udlJ trOll 15,000 to r-at
and the raaulU rr_ tba lKJO.poalllS
CPs were l.neraU1 ueallent. .u
th1s h Wl'ltm, t-o de)'ll att.at'
the a1ul00, l.eka 0... ttl. tuptl
haa pr....fttad a4equat.& poIt4trllla
reconnais.anc••
Th. 73rd Una blt ttle tl'o tob.
y.. tar,.tlI, 51 a1..rer&t't bc*l11l1
the 1\Ielllll am 59 CCIlU
Yard. me 3lUb blt Ota. With
114 aircraft .1llS ttle !58tb bo&.bId
o Shtma ntb 78 a1J'a'at't. SUtaau
a1reratt ba.bed tars.u or oppor-
tun!tJ. Tweat, rl" taUed to blab.
AU oppos1t1Oft was nU t4 .cd.
eraUi and ._ .eCJWl,ter'&d .oet17 OIl
the ftortbaut cout or aDo
rou.t. to the tare.t. AceuI'&te nair:
was ,..c.l... ed rr_ the Mft,l .......
1n mu-. BarbOI'. R.....,....,., aa!
lnaccuntA flair: .... ane4wfarad M
the wo....
c:J.,aUI lDIt ttl. ..., ....
t ... t _ L-...:,::
..". .
........ Ill.. - -.:r.:
loo4'" ... ti.. _
0118. se ..
W1ed ..... 's.... \& ..
__ C_l
s
• aud steam anet S.nd"
D1&tItl. or an'" 1011&
Wi pluu
ed
In Japen
dayl. fbI. II not. u
dlbt rlJ'st app.ar, an
rt to cc:epat. wl tb 'RulII
coca Cola". It 1s in-
d to 1nSpir. the POP-
o! that u.nhappy coun-
to creater dUl,.nc. In
1AC &tid proeu.ll11 or pin.
wtllcb,lt appears, are a ...al_
•patJ'oleua .u.bstitut.. Pln.
011 il tha late,t or a lone
or nuts ru.l products Which
J.p' tI .... w'lIned and, pre.sUII_
,round nnUns. Llttle ls beard
the. nonday. about tb. once
1 touted peanut oU,aDd .oy_
_ 011.
'ibM frantic att.mpts to obtain
,1.. lubltltuta.s ara, In 8cal8
tI, a.Jsll11. Howev.r
l
.. th.,
up a Cl' 1tical .st\Prtag' In
_Mctl c.rtalnly 111nllt &alU:Jlna
-. 'IIlla Iborta,e ba.s been brought
b)' ttl. cuttlna ott or the
blaDd, tro= th.ir out.r ....
',ttla destruction or What 1lI
to be an lAIportant tetra_
r-roduclna: plant at lorl_
&Qd the IndIr.ct o4a-.,;. In-
b, the 80IIber COllllIlano4 blClll's
alrcratt planta and
... OJ! STCJ\AQ! AREA HIT
10 .&7 the BOIIbltr Ce-nd
- .. or It1 stroncut at..
&Ill to t.a a,all:LSt th. Ilabu
,,--' l'a&e ar.. In Japaa __
.. ar... Tha lc.stala.:.
__e are bel1.....o4 to ba.....
ta!l&ctt, In 'ze... of 14.
Incll.lo4lc.I UDder-
:; It 1lI.1D addttlCl11l.
tlaYal t\aallq potat.

.lOIS D.·OARCIA
Colo..I, O.S.C.
AC of 8. A-2
UTH: C.G. XXI B.C. Initial. (J.d.
'.'119 Ma, 1945
It 1. that thls ...kly
Fort .. ,<lUre. or IntoJ'lllBtlon
bet erP$ arul ,tart orricers 1Iho have.
lIslt1lllata internt 1n thl operations or
thl XXI Bo.bv CoclI:..ncl. "7tth1" thou
11alt.1 it should recl1v1 the _lllilt pos.
511:11.1 elreulat1oll. plrlllJ11ble unclar tha
prO'lI.10ll1 of Aft
In lll"dtl' that., IIlU:lllf.l/11 or Int411H.
SIlica 1M)' be Incluclill thl report 11
liven an O'''rall ca,ulhClt1on or Sle_
rlt. "lhen the natura or the lIetart.l
'IIarrant" InlllvHlual artiel.. ho,"
calv'd • lower a.curlt, claa.ltlcatlon.
The nport 11 110 au.. that the
COlllpOMnt .lICtlOns 11&" be l'fI!IIovld and
Circulated or Uhd .lplU'etdy. It por_
tions &1'1 reproclllcid I ..ourUy rqult._
tlOftt altSt 1:Ia obnrvld and thl SOW"CI
cr"'lted.
Corr"pobd'nca rlC&rd1ns th11 pub.
l1caUO!l .hlll,llA! boI ad4uued to the Co._
"1ll11f1& o.ntrl1, XXI BOIlIblr COIIIUIDd.
,\PO 234, c/o POlItmalteJ', Sail l"I'anel.co,
CIl1ttornla, Attention: /II; or s. A..2.
.......... 3llilPTU
, ,


... i.
I
lit
OPPOSITION
No eoemY aircraft oppositiOO waS
met by thO 58th ning· Thll en·
countereO 1" ettec\<!l and 10!lt ooe
aircraft to enelllY ti&htel'" 1br
ee
possible ralllll\ios.' wllr
ll
a'1016
e6
by
1Mre8,ing alt1tude at the last mo·
ment.
F1a'l< waS of he6'tY and llled
iUlll
cal·
iber, ranging from mengel' to 10-
tense aceurate to in&ceuratllie16ht
01fter
ent
typeS of burstll .er
e
re-
ported.
one aU'craft of ttl. '73rd ..
1DI
crall
hed
1nt
O
the sea sbo
rtl1

..orf. Craeb b08
tS
r
esau8l1
or the cr-. (se
oret
)
pound GPs eno thll 1,)1'0 '/ling 2,000-
pounO
ers


TarSet 660 I the Hiro Naval Aircraft Fac-
tory, 15 '15 percent \<nocket1 out after the
stri\o:e 01"1 5 Llay. Target'1!O, the 1firo uava
l
Engine ana. Turbine Factory.receivet1 even more
extensive dalll806e. The Hiro Arsenal, Target
'794 (Just north of the area io thiS
photo) alsO receivet1 t1ameJ,e. (conf'idential)
seven B_29s of the seth
Il:c.dropped 268 GPs on the HirO
?ll:it'lsually from 19,000 feet.
l1tItJ s1l rrOlll the '73rd dropp-
II Sll GPs on the factory visually
I'lIdar from 21
1
250 teet. In-
_ in these totalS are bOlllbS
on the Hiro Naval Engine and
_!aa Pactory, Target '730,
"u4 Qf tha lU&in plant. The main
111 this plant was complet-
and nine other major
.. llliS surrounding it are wreck-
damage on this target is
at 80 percent.
Arsenal, Target '794,trU
aircraft ot the nrd Wing,

nc damaging several
'three targets of oppor..
:St,re bOQbed by four more
"-'i the t"o wl0BS. In all
8th was uslrut 1.000-

tll'ln_engine patrol bOllbel"
Visible damage fol1ll1'U11
strike totalS '75 percent of
tal roof area of the pl.Jll\.
jor buildings are sevsrtUJ:
or completelY lalocked
exception of a 1IlUlti..
ding of concrete
ported to be MUllin& .-
partlll
ent5
• '!bi
s

to have received thr
ell
Ii
S1J1I1!A'" oF
..
Total d1'OP91.,O tlJ'.
dngs 11'a5 59'7· or rr.,e'stl
airborne. 152 1I'e
rll
II .ilIII:
l
t ie8. Cle1m5 agaiost ...
tel'S 1I'Elre t1l'O 11'"
dalllBg
ed
• TWO B_29f .--(fill'

...
If>
-M
SlIlolte boils rrom Targets
O
730 o.od 794, which are sh01fO bue m-
der attack by the 58th and 73rcJ.1l1lt!
o
TlANS WITH 75 RI> FOR KURl STAll
Operations of tne 58th
Dent Wing, veteran o',ltf1t after a
to\l.r or duty 1n the CBI Theater.
ott to an ausp1ell1J,S start 1n
thls theater on 5 Uay When 1t teamed
wUh the '73rd Wing tor a clout at
the lU.ro Naval Aircraft Factory at
KlJre, Target 660.
The 'Hiro Factory 11'85 operated
81 a unit or the 11th Naval Air
District ana 1s located rive miles
southeast or the Navy base at Kure.
It manufactured (but not any more)
't:oth aLreratt engines and aLrfl'allle!l
10 alScl1t1on 1t was believed to pro:
third echelon maintenance and
npa1I', and possibly to serve 83 a
center. Planes produced
• Sl'8 ZllllY.0\8ny and a new uncoded

NO.


."
o
90 I 12 1423
981121453
o
92
97 5
,
,3 17001 7191140 13189
o 10 1010 I I
APR._'M'V IM"I"" 1"8
M
'l1
12 3 5 13 ,UHlI
SHOWN AROUND MlSSI
o
16
20
APR.
9
$HIMONOSEKI
nRAIT
106

01010
9
9
o
83
APR:.
3
o
o
9
78
10
X3·.1
APR:.
2

MISSION
o
6
6
o
48
APR:.
I
.

...........
2'V
...157
o
87
94
8.%"7
94
:5


KUIlE I
STRAITS AREA
102
I
D£$T.
XXI BOMCOM I
MINING OPERATIONS
I
DATf (-.s) I MA.'1 MAR.
27 30
W'SSION N.I [illIllil
IIltHEO
... Il:E....
"It AJli!_
!OIJ<£
1141P1ES IN
1837 I 82\
ALTITUDE
(--''''0)

(loll••v
-.....
AT HIGHT.)
On. 27 aM 30
mInes were dro
of the Stretts til thlll:t'
3:Y all present J,Ool&tlltlf;
passes. the sstta P *1, I
traffic beio« !500 a:- ,_"
month. IUnes 1lJ: 1p ....:
the general ap!'1'OIC "'"
ern. entrances to
viding minefields tIlrta
attempting to rehl1:=
Jap ruel stors..
yama.
TRAPS F'OO UP nm
Reconnaissance tollorillllli
rier strikes mad. ell tlllllll
at Kure and RirOllb1a til'"
that major units or tilt/II
are still et IDcllor -
neighborins water'. QIr 1!11
tack!: OD !Cure and R1J'tIb1II
March were des1gD14 U
freedom 1Jt this fleet u ...
ttlus tb. U' "'
Similarly. m1D8I .... II:
Sasebo, which 11 • JII'i
naval bese in Jt7IlIIlU, SO ••
teetive usa or
neet uDi ta and "
whIch might 11&9'8 It .....
ce5 engaged in Ill.
nyuk;yU "la....
MIffING PRoVErl 1-
Much or the .,ldt......
tectivenass ot
COlllea through 0 I •
na1Ssance. PbotQIT
sequent to our PW"J;P
indicate ttlat the t I -
"ttll bottled liPJ *
might ha" orr_-
anee to OUJ' old '
EvideOC
e
of tb. til!.
ping was po
throul!1 the SbS.'
ltuch of the raw material needec2
by Japs to support their pro-
duction and keep their aircratt and
other mllitary weapons 1n operat10n
13 lmported trom l'anchur1a, ICorea,
China and the Netherlands Indies.
Th.ee imports are largely gasoline
and ruel 011, steel·,coal, aluminum.
rubber and tood. The transporta_
tbn ot supplies within the Empire
is also largely carried out by Ships
because of the small capacity of
the Japanese railroad system.
Q.1r recent Ure raids and bOlll.b-
iIlgs have produced many disloca_
tions of Jap production and have
f:nocad an attempted dispersal ot
their induetrias. This dispersel
1J1ll be practical only With a top_
notch transportation system. The
re-.upply of devastated areas with
all commodities and raw materials
depende largely l1pon Shipping. The
:oeduction of this shipping, there_
tore 1& not only a lneaM ot shut_
ting down Jap industries for lack
ot sU?plies and food, but also ac-
centuates the bombing d.mage done
by our aircraft by making recon_
struction almost lmpos91ble.
STRAITS OF SHIl.IONOSEKI MINED FIRST
!!'he flr!t target 'IftlS the Straits
ot Shlmonoseki. which separate Hon_
shu and K¥ushu and provide the only
eare shipping route which the Japs
......,t: .. r t.he Inland Sea, the
REDUCES I1[pOOTS
u
E!
'_b....
I 1"01"00: ":.500 Iq. n. a-p ...,. 'WI".
l ....luOSOO. M"OOO oq. n. -.. tI'. --.,. &VI_.
.100 .q. n. a-p ,.. ....,. lullll. _ c.-
.... ....,. IVI_. I1,I'_UOCl r_I'" JalI' 0' ......... It_1M' fl_
• .•t1 ..U.. ""U ..... ,oIaI .. *,000 I.... '
r
Mwck Rleptdj J,UD'" AIr,"" PIlOn
9 W 1946
t"'lin ... h .. ot t'J.nl 110. of ..l 1I0.! Tnat 0..-;. t :.....
UI I.e.
SUlk"
IO.U-lhi IIok'JI.. Alr.ron Co.,
, 1,400.000 .,.H. 1.664,'00 .q.n.(l) ...
"""UbI)' ltorlU, 01;.
•.lm Il6bJlu Alro...ort Co.,
,
s.tOO,OOO
, ,
.1,000
,
• II'
"' ....1•• 1toMto, 1':01_1
10,17.&
1lo1<&J1.. ,urQr.n CQ.,
"

·
1,166,8»
,
• (S)
'"
1rIc1,. lol'l<., ...h1 ...
1O.17'!!1 .... Alronn Co••
,
'.C'O,COO
·
,
1oOI,iW
...
T••hllt•••
lO.n-m
"lh""l Alror'U Co"
,
l,lt.O.COO
·
, lilO.OllO • Co) 'W
ltorloo, ,....h1b..
to.U-m
1Il1 ...... AlrQran tr\,:;ln.

l,'U.610
,

...
b,b
IO·IIO-m
... Ir.... n Co••
3,&ll,OOO
,
·
3,3&0,100
,
"'
,
1h::1 .. :Tor"'. IlIllO,.
IO·'C-W
l:n",blohl .Ilrc... n Co., 5,IU.000
, I,O'Y',no
, ,
'" •

fll·IIO-UU
AI.hl Alr.ron eo ..
',61••000
·
35&.000
.W
,
.u.. ll'Orll•••nolN
to,rs'lll!.
AlrQr.n eo .. ·
,
-."
.. , I"
....,
,
',725.000
""••hI

"Iro 11....1 Alror"n ·
,
_.'"
.
·
""
, I.UIllI.S:loO -
'·"1'
,
·
n.a:st,n5 '
·
..
".01',060
m
e-
71Vtf
d
: JAP AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY
first objective asSigned the !1rcratt 8rl&lne al)1 a11'n-&IIlI plantl
!Il' II' COlllllaDd when it started Atter tive and one-balt aonthl of
III aa:a1nst the Jansnese dperatlollS. Whieh haYti allo lnclud.
on 24 "ovembtlr, 1944, was ad attacn qalnst other urget5, a
11 dutrueu
on
ot the Japanese review at the eUlllU1aUve resulta or
industry, 1I'1th the engina these millSlon5 against the Japalllls.
:...r, as the priority targets. aircraft indWltry should provid,
one good yardstick with -.bleb to
to data, II total or 32 8_29 measure the prop"!s tlt th.1f&l'
,tr1D 1l1S11ons have been directel:! against Japan.
SIIIIIf'd this end aa:alnst 11 major
POUnd. ...
trlXll 1.2.000 to 14 ....
one of 42 t'-'\'
effeotive. I
attaclQl were ....k. b,
15< be, •• 'oro""
aceurate to
eOUltered. 'l'bree
two to enelllY ...
ditched. Nine 'lU'rt': iIlII.
cued trClll th.e I:!1tebe4 llr ....
eneDlY Patd ott lI'ttb 16
stroyed. 11 Jll'obabl1
three damagel:!. ...
8 vat' M1",,,,, ..._
AllbOlD. il1g was $j
plane 1Ihlob bClibed '-'!i;
seventeen aircraft of tllUUl
hit the tCIIIfD. ot 11171-.0Jt. n
town ot Imabari &!Ill Uttll
field. The plane. earru. I
2.000-pound GPs. Il.wea ...
cratt were s tshted but IlD 11',
resulted. Onlj tlat rlOl1tll
to 20 Inaccurate b3'l1l
omura. No B.. 299 .... lCit.
!Q MaY.• HI9HoM
Three fiii[i""dred sennt.tit.
I , 000 and 2
1
000-pouDd GPs ...
pad on llatsuYama, US" I!JUII!
Kanoya Airfields ancl t1ft
of opportunity by 55 aWL'!
the 313th Wil18. or ....
craft encountered. 10 twiDoI
jobs Ill8.de lttaeb.
Tojos aropped
Claims against the ec.f ':
destro:yed, tour probebl1
and nine dallBged. '0'"
lost. (Secret)
Frall India prd1mia&l'1 re-
ports indicate that 71 at ..
t1rst 73 United sut•• ptU'"
ere at war liberated 111 .....
Boon were Air CarpI
Except tor malnutriUon a
phys ica1 concUtion ...
(Secret) (From BOth jjr

- "71
AIR CREWMEN
LIBERATED IN

boa. at l!auUYama. Few bursts were
leen at Saati. One ditcbed
and tour l'IuM'ivors were rescued by
pleat boat.
s..sslons 144 and 145: Tha
314.'Wl.----wIng rlew tnesetwO:- ren
a1.rcratt bQllbed Taehle.ral Airfield
witb 206 GPs and 17 bombed 01ta
with 375 OP". No OPPosition was
encountered over 01ta. PUteeti.
Hicks an" 15 to 20 Single-engine
tighters attacked at the Tacblarai
IP and after the turn away. Cne
• 1n each format ton at
three dropped aerlal bombs. One
B_29 was lost to enemy atrc.ratt and
on. to unknown causes. Six of the
enelllY were destroYed, seven probab_
ly destroYed and s1.X damaged.
l) lley, !llsSions 147 thrOU' 149:
ltanoya, Chiran and ""1Dusukl li'Rs
on K;yushu were hit by 10, 7 andlO
314th ling aircraft respectively.
Total tonnage was 129. Two targets
ot opportunity also were hit. No
enemy aircraft attacked although
11 were Sighted. No flak was re-
celvec at Ibusukl; heavy, meager
and tDaceurate flak was reported
over the other two targets. One
B-29 at Salpan on return.
7 151 through 154:
y the Wing was-is
to11o": Kanoys. 76 X 1.000-pound
aoo 18 X 2,OOO-pound GPs; Ibusukl.
51 X 2.00o-pound; 01ta. 60 X 1,000-
poun3 and 34 X 2
1
000_pound: Osa,
4.8 X 1.OOO-pound and 46 X 2,000-
I
TtiSK Force hael 10rUIel btl
jective apparentlr n t thl 01)..
Though Task Force 58' 110t known.
vicinity or Tokyo on th,
observeel refueling It Iwo Jt:'
if: indication tbllt an1 ot
in the in tacttcal un.1ts
.vus u area .awed. rr_ there
to reinforce Tolqo or endea'fcrad t<)
attack torees near Iwo Ji.. 1,..
:nell1 epparantl.y upected. sOlllethln.;
ig;er and upeetad. It to occur
near
On 25 P'fIbruuy I1t1II1 clll'rt'Z'S
again attackBel the ToQ'o area, .....
ther interfered .. ttb air Icttwlt7
but the most experienced llae.)'
units Itill ..ere e.stiuted. to be on
and, in fact, increa.it$ in
strength. Despite the ene:l1" ap.-
parent antic1pation of .ttacll: in
the Hansei Sboto area, the carrh:r
torces &l41n achieved tacttcal sur-
prise when they hit Ok1nan on I
March. The bulk or the 140 air·
cratt photo recci .potted on eba
tour aain Okinawa a1rtlelel, the
pre,.lOUS day causht on the
sr
ound
• !Q a1rborna opp05itt0I1 ftS
anccunteriil.
'nl.e astlutlel 900 atl"Crart in
tactlcal units ace,.,uated on l;JU-
abu and 2eo pUed QP in tb& rtftOo'
.......1 Sbow ..... ware I2l c"
.tottad ...a tboa&'l DIll' iirt_
unita II:DCl'W tb.y "" .1&b- ., :.,
!be...., - .......
eatlJ' ft1U. t. a "#,J!'=t.
tuDlt:r to .p.d IllII
.--.
13
" carrier strike, and perhaps an
100, in the
was anticipated by the Japan.
"en betOl'e the !wo JIM opera_
II began. Reliable estilll8tu
Iteated Japantl!le ottens he e.1r
., about evanly divided betwean
Ibv. llnd. To)qo area as early as 1
'7, the units in 1:yushu be1n8
- l1ir;htlJ ll88l'er COlDbat readl_
tlan those crOWding the a1r_
b the "'icinlt:r ot Tok;yo.
JAPs SOJlPRISED AT TOKl'O
111 Jl'abl'UIlry, Task P'oree 58
o aChillVlng a1.ll0st cOllplete
,- lurPl'ha. The en.., 11
bUll COMuete4 reconna1l••
-... t1lithi on the 13th Which
Ci"'en tha« notioa \he
ftla tUll !ltOl'y, hC\"lt'ever. had its
11111 _Xl)' weeb: 8&0. 'n1e pattern
toa1 a1r distribution and air
lntr eluriag the tirst thr8I'J
Itiu ot 1945 When assessed in the
,t or collateral intelligence
Lit. the fo11oWl08 evaluation ot
IttuaUon.
telli08 erfect ot inceuant
,ou:lcllll1 or X)'USIhu airtields and
11lJta1latton!l by B_e9s during the
lilt balt or April and early part
or .7 was best expressed by the
.l1pan"'1 themselves. The JapaD8!1e
... Stl1"fiCI Broadcasts stated to
SlII c1tllflnr)'t "'nl.e battle tor Okin_
an I. bl1ne; fought by B-egs in the
.tt.. ower 7i1UShu.·
.,
11 represent an appre_ "nUr aircrart
1lf11 10" d in fUture Jap a1r_ product1on withengine ana 11rf'rbe
\Iblt It :seems reason- l1Shing rtroa estab_
C""rt prodU
c
de that the C1gure ot er til'm!l bein P nt! and'lllall.
:b18 to etrected on the duction increaSed pro..
40 plants attacked repro_ or luch a prOgl'q
11 appraisal of the actual !liderable tille 'nte take a COl1_
,,11t.! a rthese 32 XXI B.C. !Dis_ to dOUbt! no rllllOb
rfSlUts 0 on the Japanese air- B.C. w11 be able t ' It the XXI
110115 - and on the future the JaPttneu uep pace wttb
c/1f
t
tnd t ton; Japanese Air Force. centralizetton 'Uld I tor tht. ele.
0 cClllpli!lh it, r1rst IlC_
it is true that the Jap- tlve • the eestructton Intel obJec_
undertaken an amhttious anese alrerart inelustr or th(tl JIP.
• .-'1 or decentral1ution for dential) r. Conti_
"......
WHY 8-%95' BOMBED KYUSHU
more heavlly dB.
plants in the
was credited With'" ..'!b.ll >.
total Jap hi
tiOD, and is 1:1011
troYed. To apply tb Pel:ti:i'
cen'tage destructiOfl ;t'S
percent here
misleading.
PLANTs
Further, the prOduetla;
Jap aircraft Plant! 15 \..!,
tegrated t so that
factory Would havll "rt'l
cussi ve effects on tblltlj
of another Plant. 'ot
damage to lawasald's
gine plant at Akashl,
prevented the del1verr or It
erable tNmber ot ellCl_ ..
sakits airtralll8/aUe.bll ,.i
Kagamigahara, Tupt
resultant loss or caljllr.i
eraft that Target lUO ....
wise nave been able to
-A"'-slmple "'ay of assessing the
of these attacks Is to Com_
pare the total original roof area
of the plants with the total roof
Ql'es da·,agec' to date. The combined
roof 8!'eo. of the 11 plants totals
29,029,040 square feet. As a re_
sult Gf XXI attacks. of this
figure n tetel of 9.933,455 square
feet of roef area has been heavily
damaged or completely destroyed.
This approximately 34
percent of the original roof area.
In addltlon.four of these plants
"ere, hit by the Navy during the
carrter bosed attacks on the Tokyo
area 1n February. An estimate of
the damage resulting from these at.
ta.clls totals 1,906,100 square feet.
Thi! figure. added to dam.
aged by XXI B.C. attacks, brings
the total roof area of
plants damaged to date to 11.839
t
555 square teet, or 40 percent or
the original root area.
EVAUJATION DIFFICULT
It is difficult to this
parcentage figure of damage. Ob-
Jectively. it indicates simply that
40 percent of the plants in ques.
tion bas been physically destroyed.
it the same time, it is not a true
indication of the effects on pro_
duction at the 11 plants, taken in_
diVidually or as a group; nor
it indicate accurately the propor-
tional effects on total Japanese
production of aircraft engines and
airf'rames and the over_all strength
of the Jap Air Force.
In certain such as
NakaJ1ma'S Koizumi plant, Target
1545. the greater part of what are
considered the vital installations
have been destroyed, or removed by
the Japanese themselves, and the
remaining roof area of the plant
has little production significance.
Thus the average damage percentage
figure of 40 percent and the speci_
fic damage percentage figure of 2t
percent for this plant are both
misleading, in terms of effect on
production.
In the second place, certain of
"lL. the plants attacked. tor example
-----... "."hisbi's a1rcraft engine plant
L.... , Cll' __are much
OF
morrow tl1.ghly
2. A steady decline in Il1Clber
of aireraft present on such i_por-
tant fields as tachiarai, rokutu
111ttagahara, l.'i)'8uk1, J(ushlra a;;!l
l!iyakonoJo. The signinCan
ce
or
this observation is fC'JM in the
fact that prior to B.29 attacks
these were allong those nelds =ost
important to the en8l1l1ts oparetton--
al plans. Techwai, tor instance,
W the .JaD8DeJ' ArfI1 ,lit Forces
most 1IIlportant a1.r depot .est ot
Ragoy••
3. A sharp decline i8 t,be util-
Uy ot Oita iind usa, h18
b
lt S-por-
tant .'fal aoditlcal1o
D
aDd ,UPPlt
ba..'. (S-(Il'tIt)

preven\,oo the enemy rl'0ID keep11I& I
hlgh Dereent or his aircraft 11Y
i
ll8'
that he can never be certain ho:.
many and which staging fidel, in
south Y.yushA would be available has
prevented hls Staling_in aircrart in
preparation for a larr;e scel. _Ill
coordinated ettack; tnut he is eoc_
pelled to retain eircraft In north.
\fest K)'Ushu or western Honshu
advance theo to swth Y.yushu ollly
lnlmecUately prior to attaCk; tbat
he cen never again recover sUN'ic_
iently to become a threat to the
secur1ty or Oklnawe and thlt the
offenslve power of Japanese lir
forces 15 close to cooplete1y e11l1.
inated.
1.5
Cb till toUOfin,g page is 8 sum_
.." of aircraft count on Kyushu
t1:tlt1ds as revealed through photo
l1e_ll8ance together With 8 rec_
the strikes flown against
tIIcb. these statistics 1 when eval-
in the light or collateral
U1('nee available, reveal:
t 1. !nBQ)' has COntinually endea.
IObll1:t1l hia air strength
,"'IllIl!u. and effect a large seale
'tlet (!!Tiel'need by fairly consls_
at Kanoya despite level-
... Installations). The at-
Illaterial1zed because
e"'-lI.
et
iot:l to lll8intenanc. and
,t
1llfi
taQllit1es and the B-29
. IIllc:1ng any guess 88 to what
t10tlJ -111 be useable to-
. despite the fact this
In
e
lll1's ""n statements)
'" (t1tl' ror the survival ot the
£l,Pir
e
, only 2,000 sorties
the last two weeks of
... r,pi
llSt
Allied forces. Th1s
Wa Ints a dally sortie average
tlla
n
10 .£!!rcell! ot aircraft
Is roughly one
!I'd; per aircraft 10
front line maintenance
.5 practically non-ex:

"uonBl'S of war and captured
t,;UItllts hIve confirmed what photo-
Fl;GIindlcate. namely. that des-
ttStl
Cll
to II)'Ushu installations
l

froID. labd baSt!. (!b••
r1rn t 1rD.e &1'1
a1rbas.s "ere "':i.j
, 1nce the Pb1l1PPlni dhUttl>1 '
On. 6 Apru Virtuall,
a88elDbled 1I'l the ar..
in attaCk! uPon our to!'tt$,
t1mated 600 to 800 Plan.. 'tlt
"Volvedj Considerable 4tttr-,.
"as caUSed; 366 Platlta '''''!It
as destroyed by"llIl.l' Ill',
surface unite.
"
By 12
1r:l. ar taCtical Unit
a nearly 9 as was estt
ll'" steady 00 whtle po 1l1a..
)() planes' at 8 little 1. Ol'lII.03a
• !IS tban
NO SURPRISE AT KYU'SHU
, No tactical s
8g1e Surprise not strs..
.ask torce which by the
larcb and t1nally th K)'UShu on 18
b1a air e enemy CQll.lIltt_
:-econnoltered The enetD,y had
the fleet were seemi' or
the enemy' and 18 lmown to
,'the 17th ;hlPs or TRAUfINQ P1J.lEs
·snoopers so that the up Jap Ad'
11ttl. excuse tor holcUng bad i'Plaee.nta "
had B1rb fI 'n'lI1 ball
I '!'be ettort put out by the ane within r au: and r,Pll.: hct,:"
,however, was dlsapp
o1nti
na to 1Il1, prepared% or the objleu",'
carrier forces and I at least s: took Six day, Itt&et,
I * are now known to have Skipped all)" on 12 Aprll :nd:lo
p
h\
th s and hid 8way in Korea durlD8 ad eff'ort 1;J:;
e a tack. The enemy st1l1 500 plan.. bet! 1
waiting tor bigger game. By this strengtb continued to
time he was convinced, -it seemt Kfusbu. By thi. t1l1 II I
Oldnawa was our obj ective and evident trall:lln, uniUItn
able air power stUl lay ill wait. oommltted. S,crlt1clDl tit:
Jap Ptgns stHl seemed more impor.. planes and IUr7cnlc pH'"
tant an any reaction that deve!- orews was taclt I4l11ulCil bI
oped. was the enemy" tiaalwll:
He kn.. that ODC' lMt e.-II:
By 1 April. wben landings were be no opportunity to
effected at Okinawa approximately torce trOll tralnllli p1al* Q,
50 percent or empire air strength would be no plao, 111':
was accumulated on gyushu' the tree from 'Ill:
coastal area of Cbina was relnf'orc- ins oould 0 ue •
ed by '.mits from China 'a interior: B_29s atarttd
I Formosa was accumulaung es In earn••t 1'1 1p1'1l
i rrom tj,e Phll1pplnes and from the aD 81x .outh JllUlhU .lIn '
II Southern Areas. 1'be .nelll7 waa Siv- s lte rep..ted f/ltortt to
i08 indications of cto!lr1litting at StasI tor anota., -.: ..
least bia entire orrensive air pow.. the en"" tall Dt'tI'OO ,:
er to interdict our acquisition or put out lIore •.
Okinawa. But only sporadiC sull dyen. 2:&.taour D'{.,tflI
l
:-·
scale raids developed until 6 April. SOmber :epat.r"
al17 4estro/.. tb' 1111'!
SIONIP'ICANCE OF maNAWA snoe !b' ........
orea4th ot lV-ttl -.. qr&1
'I'be eoemy was well aware tbat to 6&U 004ato" .......
the loSS or Ok1tt8wa clo,e on the pune' r0rae4 ,,-
heels or Iwo Jima lD8ant DO part or .rncrs rI ....
the hp1re be tree of cone:- ..
tent air attack; he knew onee fb' belt 1114-
a.a .s lost B-S9 attaoll:l
the!' to u8rtn. 8Yal1able U rCQD4 In cae
streDStb De.pit.
L 0& t the 1081 at OklGa"i b. .1_ ., .. d
.--tJr_nep.........-l.,..st ohance to prorlt. to ....
- .... .. :.-:._ ---__.olIIl
...
"
1 INCLINED GUNS
,,' Gunner OIl, ed .1t..'1
II« I\lIlS • take note Franks have been encounter sure it"
!\lhn.hDOt1na frOlll the tail arter he' has ...de hU pasl. "tIl' 11.,"
PUt. but he" capable or UJlP-
ilJ. tlsbtall 1",,1 If he pulls aheacl or 1°U he ., th, .callOCll 1e
IS a spawn-bound ••111I00, in hope' 0
t. IIlet addlUllO to
I .ell as In1nc. now ., ha"e incUned suns ...
IIq to sat.. watCh tor either of th." twO W1Pf_.. c_d...
Qp O'rer flY1nc Just out V! ranee and parallal to "'-'be '0
'., tile 111ghtly to tha rHl". '!be,.'ll ..it t_
rottle, pull up to ran«e and let flY with thell' •
',,\ -:::'"
ers Who started the lilt'
d1ers and sallors "111 ' 3, !ll.
forced laborers but "111 :t
return to thetr bomes, fall1llbhk
jobs. 4. The chOice it 1. It:
between VictCll"Y or hll
their leaders have told the,
15 not our intention to ;...
them.
Also drOPPed are JaPallesl l'e\.
papers, giving the true news or llt
war and containing aJ>a&e 1Il'1t\ta"
an ex-PUblisher or the Jap!lnliljlt
on Sa1pan. This pel!il!l tell, tbl PlIo
pIe or the decent treatment tbllI.
terned Japanese I!Ire reeth1r.c,
that 1sland.
An entire Issue (OM bCllb NIl
of Ute llagazine also ft,
The JapS are avid readers
b lication when they eln CIt II
pu t1 lar isaUfl eOllulMl
and this ..taIeDt aU_JUII
the AlIlerlcllII,
DO THEY DO AI! GOOD1
Whet 18 the effect ct tb...
It

torts? There is no ft1(
knowing. Leaflets nrt Qoppe! II
the civllianJ on Okinaft a1t'pper-
ed to have a gree t YalUt. I, II
perhaps signiticant tbat U1111ll'
place where civUlan suic14ll ...
numerOU.!l was 1n tb'
the onl,. place der' _ iJ,irlItl
were dropped. SOlII of tilt
military have .urrltDll.rt4 II
is ot the newspapll"f 11001'
ID the prap8l'atiOll or tJtI::;
1al JllpeDeu prUoDCI" til" I1Il
a great deal or b.alp. 'J'h .... -r ;:, (f
used as a sort or 18 rI rII
testing the probable &1"
ot the uteri&! betort
wider dUtr1bUtt
O
a.. "..
At worst tb.y 'boul
ll
:". 4lt'
the small 10641 or
place. At best
the war a great d.-·

" warfare 1s naw be_
a curied to Japan by B-29s. This
I" role tor the Super fort "as or_
Ire6 by the 20th Air Force to as-
let 1n the program being carried
It by the Psychological Warfare
ranch or and the O'IIT.
To date ?leather Strike slrerart
lave carr18d 1a!-26 and l!_!6 bomb
;ase5 loaded .1th the leaflets Which
'ere ehow8red on such cities as
lokyo. OSaka ho hun_
,dred t-en\y
have been dropped, containing
'e,520,OOO le&"Iets. 'lbe contlnu_
'1QS progru calls for the Command to
'drop up to 100 tons a month.
nte PS3'chologlcal Warfare people
" don't miracles tor their ef'_
torb. They do beHeve that any-
thing whl::h will contr ibute to the
I weakening ot the Japanese faith 1n
their mll1tary leaders or correct
any mi.apprehensions about our
strength or intentions 18 gooo. So
00 we. Wtth the collepse or Germsny
and the nUitary disaster which now
contront5 them, they are particular-
ly ripe for Dicking.
HERE'S THE IDEA
'nle leaflets Which have been
dropped on Japan are ot two kinds:
One stresses that our bombings .,,111
eontinue and warns the people to
Iter away !'rom the industr1al areas.
Anothe::- type points out their cr1-
tical shipp1ng position and tells
tbelD that they had better quit while
they can to save what little mer-
chant Ihipplng they have left to
teed ':hellSSelves. others are intend_
ed to show them how they have been
bet1'Q'ed by their milltary leaders.
A. leaflet 15 now being prepared
on the SUbject otunconcUtional sur_
render and what that means to the
Japltleae. The tive ideas presented
uel 1. That it means the end ot
• terrible lral'. 2. It means the
elt.lnation or their military lea4-
.•
J'I. .':''1.'1
'. :
DO TREY DO AIfY GOO1I'
What is tbe eftect or til.., rI·
forts? There is no pr.cu. ft1(
knowing. Leaflett nre 4fop9fl tI
the civilians on Ok1nan amI''-
ed to bave a great ftlue, 1t II
perhaps s ignlt1cant that U\l1:IlI'
place where civilian rulc1clII ..
numerous ftll in toe
the onl1 place wtI... DO
were dropped. Bo-e or till
milltary have lIurreD4eracl l1li
basis of the DIIWIIp8P8J" alODl·
In tbe preparation of fb'::;'
1&1 Japane" pr15oQC' baWl ell'
a great eSeal of helP· 7b.... '1 :,,,
used u a sort of 18 fI tI
testing the probable p'"
of the IDBter1al before
wieSer distribution. ""
At ..orst tne1 .boul
d
:_ tit'
the small loedll of
place. At best tb.' ·1'_-
tbe war a greet deal•
An entire luue (ODI bab tIllll
of Life Jlagazine alAo ft. I2rllP\C,
The Japs are avid readel'S <li"lll
publication wbeo they tall 1'111
and this particular issue tootalDll
a story 00 the tr.t.ent at
prisoners by the Americ.ns.
ers 'Who started tl\e -al'
diers and sailors -111 &:.1.
torced laborers but -111 be
return to their bo
mEls
, talll?lt
jobs. 4. 1'be ChOice 1.1 Iflt'4 iii
between VictCll'Y or extel"lf1.tl
their leaders have told tl1eJ
is not our intention to
them.
Also dropped are JaP&nese -,
pepers, giVing the true lie-, or
war and containing 8P8&e Wf'
1tho
lt
an ex-publisher ot the J'Plltlll';«
on Seipan. This page teU. tII,!'eo.
pIe of the decent treat'tnt tbe lr.
terned Japanese are III
that island.
••
ff/arjare
1'be learlets which have been
dropped on Japan are of two kinds:
one stresses that our bombings will
cODtinuEi and warns the people to
stay a'f8.Y from the industrial areas.
Another type points out their cri_
tical ablpp1na: poSition and tells
tb.. that they bad better quit while
they caD to save what little mer-
chant shiPPing they have lett to
teed themselves. Others are intend_
Id to sb01l' them h01l' they have been
betra;oed by their military leaders.
A Leatlet is n01l' being prepared
OD ths SUbJect otuncondit1onal sur-
reDd.. and 'll'hat that meal:l:!l to the
Jap&tleu. The tive ideas presented
vall. That it 1IIMnS the end ot
a wrrible WU'. 2. It mMl:I:!l the
ot their lIlilltary lead.
PsychologIcal warfare is now be-
ing carr led to Japan by B_298. This
new role for the Superrort was or-
derel! by the 20th Air Force to as-
slat In the program betng carried
out by the Psychological Warfare
Branch or CInePac and the aNI.
To data Weather Strike aircraft
have carried l!-26 and M-16 bomb
eases leaded wIth the leaflets WhIch
..ere showered on such cities as
TokYo. OSaka anc'l Na,a;oya. Tw'o bun_
dred !leven psychological
bo.bS htve been dropped, containing
e,520,Ooo leaflets. The contlnu_
Ina propoaDI calls for the COlllllBnd to
drop up to 100 tons a month.
The Psychological Warfare people
don't c:alm miracles tor their et-
forb. They do believe that any_
thing W\!ch wIll contribute to the
weaken1::lg ot the Japanese faith In
their mllitary leaders or correct
any b1I..apprehensions about our
or intentions is good. So
do we. lith the collapse ot Germany
and the military disaster Which now
controllts them, they are partlcular-
ly rip! tor olcking.
HERE'S THE IDEA.

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