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D6C TRACTOR / DIRECT DRIVE / 26K01145-UP (MACHINE) POWERED BY 33...

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Product:  TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


Model:  D6C TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR 26K
Configuration: D6C TRACTOR / DIRECT DRIVE / 26K01145-UP (MACHINE)
POWERED BY 3306 ENGINE

Testing and Adjusting


D6 TRACTOR POWER SHIFT TRANSMISSION
Media Number -REG01335-00 Publication Date -01/01/1973 Date Updated -10/10/2001

Testing And Adjusting

Important Information

When testing must be done in a closed area, activate the brakes and use
blocks to prevent the machine from moving during the tests. Let only
approved personnel on the machine. Keep other personnel off the
machine and in view of the operator.

NOTE: All tests and adjustments must be made with the oil in the hydraulic control system at normal
operating temperature. Be sure the linkage adjustments are correct before making any tests.

NOTICE
Do not operate the machine with the universal joint removed. The
force of hydraulic pressure on the output shaft will cause the shaft to
move out of the torque divider. The result is a rapid loss of hydraulic
oil.

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HYDRAULIC CONTROLS (FIRST SPEED FORWARD)


1. Torque converter. 2. Body of the relief valve for converter outlet. 3. Relief valve for converter outlet. 4. Oil cooler. 5.
Lubrication line to front of transmission. 6. Lubrication relief valve. 7. Lubrication line to rear of transmission. 8. Hydraulic
control for the steering clutch. 9. Flow control valve. 10. Load piston. 11. Body of the pressure control valve. 12. Scavenge oil
pump. 13. Oil sump for the torque converter. 14. Check valve. 15. Relief valve for converter inlet. 16. Body of the sequence relief
valve. 17. Modulating valve. 18. Pressure differential valve. 19. Pressure relief valve. 20. Oil filter. 21. Body of the selector valve.
22. Spool for direction selection. 23. Oil sump. 24. Magnetic strainer. 25. Oil pump. 26. Spool for speed selection. 27. Safety
valve. A. Pressure tap for the outlet from the torque converter. B. Pressure tap for lubrication. C. Pressure tap for the inlet to the
torque converter. D. Pressure tap for the sequence relief valve. E. Pressure tap for the speed clutch. F. Pressure tap for the
direction clutch. G. Pressure tap for the pump.

Location Of The Pressure Taps And Transmission


Testing

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A. Outlet from the torque converter. B. Lubrication.

C. Inlet to the torque converter. D. Sequence relief valve.

E. Speed clutch. F. Direction clutch.

G. Pump.

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H. Right steering clutch. J. Left steering clutch. K. Pump.

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EARLIER 8M6349 PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE

LATER 8M6349 PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE


17. Modulating valve. 18. Pressure differential valve. 28. Spacers.

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2S625 SEQUENCE RELIEF VALVE


15. Relief valve for converter inlet. 19. Pressure relief valve. 29. Spacers.

2S1386 RELIEF VALVE


3. Relief valve for converter outlet. 30. Spacers.

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Control Valves And Linkage Adjustment

Do not make any adjustments to the linkage with the engine running.

1. Disconnect the rods from the levers on the transmission.

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LINKAGE ADJUSTMENT (INSIDE)


1. Direction cam detent. 2. Direction cam. 3. Nut. 4. Speed cam detent. 5. Spool for direction selection. 6. Nut. 7. Speed cam. 8.
Housing of the pressure control valve. 9. Spool for speed selection. 10. Housing of the selector and safety valve. 11. Nut. A. and
B. Machined face of housing (10).

2. Before making linkage adjustments, see that nuts (3), (6) and (11) are tightened to the torque of 25 ± 3 lb.
ft. (3.5 ± 0.4 mkg).

3. Put direction cam (2) in the position shown (REVERSE). Make an adjustment to spool (5) for direction
selection so the end of the spool is even with face (A) on housing (10).

4. Put speed cam (7) in the position shown (NEUTRAL). Make an adjustment to spool (9) for speed
selection so the end of the first land is even with face (B) on housing (10).

LINKAGE ADJUSTMENT (OUTSIDE)


12. Transmission selector lever. 13. Lever. 14. Rod. 15. Lever. 16. Rod. C. Selector lever position for rod (14) adjustment. D.
Selector lever position for rod (16) adjustment.

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5. Turn lever (15) so speed cam (7) is in the NEUTRAL detent position and put selector lever (12) in
position (C).

6. Make an adjustment to rod (14) so the end of the rod will fit into lever (15) and tighten the locknut.

7. Turn lever (13) so direction cam (2) is in the FORWARD detent position and put selector lever (12) in
position (D).

8. Make an adjustment to rod (16) so the end of the rod will fit into lever (13) and tighten the locknut.

Copyright 1993 - 2012 Caterpillar Inc.   Tue Aug 14 18:50:48 EST 2012
All Rights Reserved.
Private Network For SIS Licensees.

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Product:  TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


Model:  D6C TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR 26K
Configuration: D6C TRACTOR / DIRECT DRIVE / 26K01145-UP (MACHINE)
POWERED BY 3306 ENGINE

Testing and Adjusting


D6 TRACTOR POWER SHIFT TRANSMISSION
Media Number -REG01335-00 Publication Date -01/01/1973 Date Updated -10/10/2001

Testing And Adjusting

Important Information

When testing must be done in a closed area, activate the brakes and use
blocks to prevent the machine from moving during the tests. Let only
approved personnel on the machine. Keep other personnel off the
machine and in view of the operator.

NOTE: All tests and adjustments must be made with the oil in the hydraulic control system at normal
operating temperature. Be sure the linkage adjustments are correct before making any tests.

NOTICE
Do not operate the machine with the universal joint removed. The
force of hydraulic pressure on the output shaft will cause the shaft to
move out of the torque divider. The result is a rapid loss of hydraulic
oil.

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HYDRAULIC CONTROLS (FIRST SPEED FORWARD)


1. Torque converter. 2. Body of the relief valve for converter outlet. 3. Relief valve for converter outlet. 4. Oil cooler. 5.
Lubrication line to front of transmission. 6. Lubrication relief valve. 7. Lubrication line to rear of transmission. 8. Hydraulic
control for the steering clutch. 9. Flow control valve. 10. Load piston. 11. Body of the pressure control valve. 12. Scavenge oil
pump. 13. Oil sump for the torque converter. 14. Check valve. 15. Relief valve for converter inlet. 16. Body of the sequence relief
valve. 17. Modulating valve. 18. Pressure differential valve. 19. Pressure relief valve. 20. Oil filter. 21. Body of the selector valve.
22. Spool for direction selection. 23. Oil sump. 24. Magnetic strainer. 25. Oil pump. 26. Spool for speed selection. 27. Safety
valve. A. Pressure tap for the outlet from the torque converter. B. Pressure tap for lubrication. C. Pressure tap for the inlet to the
torque converter. D. Pressure tap for the sequence relief valve. E. Pressure tap for the speed clutch. F. Pressure tap for the
direction clutch. G. Pressure tap for the pump.

Location Of The Pressure Taps And Transmission


Testing

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A. Outlet from the torque converter. B. Lubrication.

C. Inlet to the torque converter. D. Sequence relief valve.

E. Speed clutch. F. Direction clutch.

G. Pump.

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H. Right steering clutch. J. Left steering clutch. K. Pump.

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EARLIER 8M6349 PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE

LATER 8M6349 PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE


17. Modulating valve. 18. Pressure differential valve. 28. Spacers.

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2S625 SEQUENCE RELIEF VALVE


15. Relief valve for converter inlet. 19. Pressure relief valve. 29. Spacers.

2S1386 RELIEF VALVE


3. Relief valve for converter outlet. 30. Spacers.

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Control Valves And Linkage Adjustment

Do not make any adjustments to the linkage with the engine running.

1. Disconnect the rods from the levers on the transmission.

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LINKAGE ADJUSTMENT (INSIDE)


1. Direction cam detent. 2. Direction cam. 3. Nut. 4. Speed cam detent. 5. Spool for direction selection. 6. Nut. 7. Speed cam. 8.
Housing of the pressure control valve. 9. Spool for speed selection. 10. Housing of the selector and safety valve. 11. Nut. A. and
B. Machined face of housing (10).

2. Before making linkage adjustments, see that nuts (3), (6) and (11) are tightened to the torque of 25 ± 3 lb.
ft. (3.5 ± 0.4 mkg).

3. Put direction cam (2) in the position shown (REVERSE). Make an adjustment to spool (5) for direction
selection so the end of the spool is even with face (A) on housing (10).

4. Put speed cam (7) in the position shown (NEUTRAL). Make an adjustment to spool (9) for speed
selection so the end of the first land is even with face (B) on housing (10).

LINKAGE ADJUSTMENT (OUTSIDE)


12. Transmission selector lever. 13. Lever. 14. Rod. 15. Lever. 16. Rod. C. Selector lever position for rod (14) adjustment. D.
Selector lever position for rod (16) adjustment.

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5. Turn lever (15) so speed cam (7) is in the NEUTRAL detent position and put selector lever (12) in
position (C).

6. Make an adjustment to rod (14) so the end of the rod will fit into lever (15) and tighten the locknut.

7. Turn lever (13) so direction cam (2) is in the FORWARD detent position and put selector lever (12) in
position (D).

8. Make an adjustment to rod (16) so the end of the rod will fit into lever (13) and tighten the locknut.

Copyright 1993 - 2012 Caterpillar Inc.   Tue Aug 14 18:51:42 EST 2012
All Rights Reserved.
Private Network For SIS Licensees.

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Product:  TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


Model:  D6C TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR 26K
Configuration: D6C TRACTOR / DIRECT DRIVE / 26K01145-UP (MACHINE)
POWERED BY 3306 ENGINE

Systems Operation
D6 TRACTOR POWER TRAIN
Media Number -REG00615-04 Publication Date -01/05/1974 Date Updated -10/10/2001

Systems Operations

Introduction
NOTE: For Specifications with illustrations, make reference to POWER TRAIN SPECIFICATIONS FOR
D6 TRACTORS, Form No. REG01694. If the Specifications in Form REG01694 are not the same as in the
Systems Opertion and the Testing and Adjusting, look at the printing date on the back cover of each book.
Use the Specifications in the book with the latest date.

General Information - (Power Shift)

LOCATION OF COMPONENTS
1. Transmission hydraulic controls. 2. Universal joint. 3. Diesel engine. 4. Steering clutches. 5. Final drive. 6. Range transmission.
7. Torque divider. 8. Tracks.

Power from the diesel engine (3) is transmitted from the engine flywheel to the torque divider (7) through
universal joint (2). The torque divider output shaft drives sun gears and planet gears in the transmission.

Five planetary gear trains, each with its own clutch, provide three speeds in either forward or reverse. The

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desired tractor speed is manually selected by the operator but hydraulic oil, directed by the transmission
hydraulic controls (1), engages the clutches in the transmission.

A bevel pinion in the transmission group, transmits power from the transmission (6) to the bevel gear. The
power is transmitted through the steering clutches (4) into the final drives (5), to the sprockets which drive
the tracks (8).

The steering clutch and bevel gear case houses the bevel gear, steering clutches and brakes. The steering
clutches are of the multiple-disc type, held in engagement by springs. The clutches are hydraulically
controlled. The brakes are of the contracting-band-type and are mechanically actuated.

General Information - (Direct Drive)

LOCATION OF COMPONENTS
1. Transmission. 2. Flywheel clutch. 3. Diesel engine. 4. Steering clutch. 5. Final drive. 6. Universal joint. 7. Tracks.

Power from the diesel engine (3) is transmitted from the engine to the flywheel clutch (2). The flywheel
clutch is engaged and disengaged manually. The output shaft of the flywheel clutch drives the upper shaft in
the transmission (1) through a universal joint (6).

The transmission provides gear selections for five forward and four reverse speeds, selected manually. The
bevel pinion, at the rear of the transmission, transmits the power to the bevel gear. The power is transferred
through the steering clutches (4) into the final drives (5), to the sprockets which drive the tracks (7).

The steering clutch and bevel gear case houses the bevel gear, steering clutches and brakes. The steering
clutches are of the multiple-disc type held in engagement by springs. The clutches are hydraulically
controlled. The brakes are of the contracting-band-type and are mechanically actuated.

Transmission Hydraulic Controls (Power Shift) -


Serial Numbers: 10K1-10K8974 , 24U246-Up, *

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47J1-47J2879 , 56J1-Up, 69J1-69J2643, 69U1-


**

69U366
*
Including 10K8977 and 10K8981-10K8996.

**
Including 47J2885.

HYDRAULIC CONTROLS (FIRST SPEED FORWARD)


1. Torque converter. 2. Body of the relief valve for converter outlet. 3. Relief valve for converter outlet. 4. Air cooled oil cooler
(Later machines only). 5. Oil cooler bypass valve (Later machines only). 6. Water cooled oil cooler. 7. Lubrication line to front of
transmission. 8. Lubrication relief valve. 9. Lubrication line to rear of transmission. 10. Hydraulic control for the steering clutch.
11. Flow control valve. 12. Load piston. 13. Body of the pressure control valve. 14. Scavenge oil pump. 15. Oil reservoir for the
torque converter. 16. Check valve. 17. Relief valve for converter inlet. 18. Body of the sequence relief valve. 19. Modulation
valve. 20. Pressure differential valve. 21. Pressure relief valve. 22. Oil filter. 23. Safety and selection valve body. 24. Spool for
direction selection. 25. Oil reservoir. 26. Magnetic strainer. 27. Oil pump. 28. Spool for speed selection. 29. Safety valve. A.
Pressure tap for the outlet from the torque converter. B. Pressure tap for lubrication. C. Pressure tap for the inlet to the torque
converter. D. Pressure tap for the sequence relief valve. E. Pressure tap for the speed clutch. F. Pressure tap for the direction
clutch. G. Pressure tap for the pump.

The transmission hydraulic controls are made up of a pump, filter, control valves, a selector lever and a
linkage mechanism. The hydraulic controls send oil to the clutches in the transmission. Oil not used by the
clutches is sent through relief valve (21) to inlet relief valve (17) for the torque converter.

The location of transmission oil pump (27) is on the left rear face of the flywheel housing. The pump is
driven by the engine flywheel. The pump pulls the oil from reservoir (25). The pump sends oil to filter (22)
on the left side of the engine. From the filter, the oil goes to pressure relief valve (21) on the torque divider

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housing and to the hydraulic controls (10) for the steering clutches. Relief valve (21) keeps the pressure of
the oil to the hydraulic controls at approximately 350 psi (24.6 kg/cm2) maximum. The oil from relief valve
(21) goes to flow control valve (11). Flow control valve (11) prevents the flow of oil to the hydraulic
controls from going over 21.4 ± 2 U.S. gpm (81.0 ± 7.5 lit/min). The extra oil goes to inlet relief valve (17)
for the torque converter.

Oil from the flow control valve goes to pressure control valve body (13). The pressure control valve is made
up of two valves: modulation valve (19) and pressure differential valve (20). The modulation valve prevents
sudden clutch engagement. The pressure differential valve keeps a difference in the pressure between the
speed clutch and direction clutch. Both valves work in combination to engage a speed clutch before a
direction clutch is engaged. This arrangement provides for smooth engagement of the transmission and
allows most of the load to be taken up by the direction clutches.

Oil, at speed clutch pressure, goes from the pressure control valve body (13) through a passage to safety and
selector valve body (23). The oil goes through the safety and selection valve body to speed selection spool
(28). The speed selection spool is in a position to send oil to one of the three speed clutches. The speed
selection spool is connected by linkage to the selection lever of the transmission. The position of speed
selection spool (28) is controlled by the position of the selection lever.

Oil, at direction clutch pressure, goes through a passage in pressure control valve body (13) to safety and
selector valve body (23). The oil goes through the safety and selector valve body to direction selection spool
(24). The direction selection spool is in a position to send oil to one of the two direction clutches. The
direction selection spool is connected by linkage to the selection lever of the transmission. The position of
direction selection spool (24) is controlled by the position of the selection lever.

The location of the transmission selection lever is at the left side of the operator's seat. The mechanical
linkage connects the selection lever to the selection spools. Speed shifts are made by the movement of the
selection lever to the front or back. Direction shifts are made by the movement of the selection lever to the
left or right.

Operation
When the engine is started, with the selection lever in NEUTRAL, oil goes into flow control valve (11). The
oil goes through an orifice in the valve plunger. The orifice decreases the pressure of the oil. The oil that
goes through the orifice adds with the force of the spring and tries to move the plunger to the left. The oil
from the filter at the left end of the plunger tries to move the plunger to the right. When the pressure of the
oil at the left end of the plunger becomes higher than the force of the spring and the pressure of the oil
around the spring, the plunger moves to the right. This closes the passages in the plunger from the filter. No
oil can now go to the left end of the plunger. The pressure of the oil at the left end of the plunger becomes
lower as it goes through the orifice. The force of the spring can now move the plunger to the left and the
sequence starts again. This prevents the flow of oil to the pressure control valve from going over 21.4 ± 2
U.S. gpm (81.0 ± 7.5 lit/min).

The oil goes from the flow control valve (11) to pressure control valve body (13). Since the engine was just
started, the pressure of the oil in the system is low. The spring holds differential valve (20) closed.
Modulation valve (19) is held open by the force of its spring. The position of the modulation valve lets the
oil go around the spool and out of valve body (13). The oil to the differential valve is stopped by its spool.
The oil then goes to selection and safety valve body (23). The oil fills the chamber of safety valve (29). At
the same time, the position of speed selection spool (28) lets the oil start to fill the No.3 clutch.

When the area behind the piston in the No. 3 clutch is filled with oil, the pressure of the oil increases. The
pressure will cause a compression of the spring for safety valve (29). The increase in pressure will also
move modulation valve (19) against the force of its spring. The movement of the modulation valve (19)
closes the passage to the selection and safety valve body (23). This stops the increase in pressure in the
speed clutch for a short period of time.

At the same time, the increase in the pressure in the speed clutch moves differential valve (20) against the
force of its spring. The differential valve moves until the orifices in the spool are opened to a passage that

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goes to selection and safety valve body (23). Oil goes through the passage to the selection and safety valve
body. The position of speed selection spool (28) keeps the oil from going to a direction clutch. The
differential valve also closes a passage from valve body (13) to the reservoir. The movement of the
differential valve lets oil go through the center of the differential valve to check valve (16). The check valve
moves and closes a passage from valve body (13) to the reservoir. When both of the passages are closed,
pressure oil goes through an orifice in check valve (16) to the chamber behind load piston (12).

As the pressure of the oil in the chamber behind load piston (12) increases, the load piston will move toward
the modulation valve (19). The pressure of the oil behind the load piston and the force of the spring will
move the modulation valve. The modulation valve opens the passage from the flow control valve (11) to the
selection and safety valve body (23). This causes the pressure of the oil in the speed clutch to increase.

As the pressure in the speed clutch increases, modulation valve (19) moves and stops the oil to the speed
clutch again. This causes differential valve (20) to again move against the force of its spring. The oil can
again go through the orifice in check valve (16) to the chamber behind load piston (12). The pressure of the
oil behind the load piston and the force of the spring again move the modulation valve. The modulation
valve again open and lets oil go to the speed clutch. This cycle takes place again and again until the load
piston moves completely against its stop. Speed clutch pressure is then at a maximum of approximately 350
psi (24.6 kg/cm2). The pressure stopped by direction selection spool (24) and felt on the load piston (12) is
approximately 55 psi (3.9 kg/cm2) less than the speed clutch pressure. This gradual increase in pressure is
called modulation. Modulation valve (19) gives modulation for all the clutches (speed and direction).

The force of the spring which is acting on the end of differential valve (20) is approximately 55 psi (3.9
kg/cm2) the same as the pressure acting on the opposite end. Thus the valve will balance at a point where the
pressure in the direction clutch is about 55 psi (3.9 kg/cm2) less than the pressure in the speed clutch.

When the selection lever is moved from NEUTRAL to FIRST FORWARD, speed selection spool (28)
moves to the left. The movement of spool (28) lets oil in the No. 3 clutch go to reservoir (25) and lets the oil
from the modulation valve go to the No. 5 clutch. At the same time, speed selection spool (28) opened a
passage to direction selection spool (24). The direction selection spool is in a position to let oil go to the
No.1 clutch.

As the pressure in the No.3 clutch decreases, the force of the spring moves differential valve (20).
Differential valve (20) moves and opens a passage to reservoir (25). The pressure in the direction clutch
circuit decreases.

The oil fills the No.5 speed clutch. As the pressure in the piston behind the No.5 clutch increases, the
pressure is felt at the bottom of differential valve (20). The differential valve moves against the force of its
spring. Differential valve moves up and closes the passage to reservoir (25). Oil now goes through the
differential valve and out valve body (13). The oil goes through a passage in valve body (23) to the No.1
clutch. The oil starts to fill the No.1 clutch.

At this time, the modulation valve (19) and load piston (12) go through the modulation sequence. The
modulation valve and load piston go through the modulation sequence until the full pressures for operation
are reached in the speed and direction clutch circuits. The hydraulic controls are now in the positions shown
in the schematic (FIRST SPEED FORWARD).

The same sequence is done for each shift. When the transmission selection lever is moved, speed selection
spool (28) moves and decreases the pressure of the oil in the clutch circuits. At the same time, speed
selection spool (28) opens passages for pressure oil to the clutches for the next speed. As the pressures in the
clutch circuits increase, the speed clutch and then the direction clutch are engaged. When the full pressures
for operation are reached, the machine will be in the next speed. The operation of the hydraulic controls is
the same when both speed and direction are changed.

Safety Valve
The safety valve (29) is a mechanism which moves the selection lever to the NEUTRAL position when the

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pressure of the oil in the hydraulic controls goes below 100 psi (7.0 kg/cm2). The safety valve will cause the
selection lever to move from any speed position to the NEUTRAL position if the pressure is below 100 psi
(7.0 kg/cm2) for 10 to 30 seconds. This arrangement makes sure that the selection lever is in the NEUTRAL
position when the machine is started. When the selection lever is in the NEUTRAL position a direction
clutch is not engaged.

When the machine is operating, the pressure of the oil in the chamber between the safety valve stem and the
safety valve is high enough to put the spring under compression. This holds the valve away from the linkage
for the selection lever.

If the pressure of the oil is low (engine stopped), the oil is slowly pushed out of the chamber by the force of
the spring. The spring will then move to the right and cause the safety valve to move to the right. The safety
valve moves to the right until it is in contact with the linkage for the selection lever. At this point, the force
of the spring will move the safety valve until selection spools (24) and (28) are in the NEUTRAL position.
The selection lever on the transmission control console will also move to the NEUTRAL position.

A ball check valve keeps the oil in the chamber when a shift is made to another direction or speed. This
prevents the safety valve from shifting the controls to NEUTRAL during the sudden decrease and increase
in pressure as the shift is made.

Relief Valve For Torque Converter Outlet


The relief valve (3) for the converter outlet keeps the pressure in the torque converter constant by controlling
the rate that oil is released from the torque converter.

Pressure oil from torque converter (1) goes into housing (2) for the relief valve. It goes through a hole in the
valve spool into the chamber between the slug and valve spool. The pressure oil can now move the relief
valve against the force of the spring. When the pressure of the oil in the chamber becomes higher than the
force of the spring, the valve spool moves. The movement of the valve spool opens a passage to the oil
cooler bypass valve (5). The valve spool will move and release pressure oil from the torque converter until
the pressure of the oil in the torque converter is approximately 42 psi (2.9 kg/cm2).

Oil Cooler Bypass Valve - (Later Machines)


The oil cooler bypass valve (5) controls the amount of oil that can go through air cooled oil cooler (4). The
bypass valve is controlled by the temperature of the oil from relief valve (3) for torque converter outlet.

When the temperature of the oil is less than 105° F (41° C), valve (5) is open and lets all the oil go to water
cooled oil cooler (6). When the temperature of the oil is 105° F (41° C), valve (5) starts to close and lets
most of the oil go through air cooled oil cooler (4). When the temperature of the oil is 185° F (85° C), valve
(5) closes all the way and lets all the oil go through air cooled oil cooler (4) to water cooled oil cooler (6).
From water cooled oil cooler (6), the oil goes to lubrication relief valve (8).

Transmission Hydraulic Controls (Power Shift) -


Serial Numbers: 10K8975-Up , 47J2880-Up , * **

69J2644-Up and 69U367-Up


*
Excluding 10K8977 and 10K8981-10K8996.

**
Excluding 47J2885.

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HYDRAULIC CONTROLS (FIRST SPEED REVERSE)


1. Torque converter. 2. Body of relief valve for converter outlet. 3. Relief valve for converter outlet. 4. Air cooled oil cooler. 5. Oil
cooler bypass valve. 6. Water cooled oil cooler. 7. Lubrication line to front of transmission. 8. Lubrication relief valve. 9.
Lubrication line to rear of transmission. 10. Hydraulic control for steering clutches. 11. Load piston. 12. Body of pressure control
valve. 13. Scavenge oil pump. 14. Oil reservoir for torque converter. 15. Check valve. 16. Relief valve for converter inlet. 17.
Body of sequence relief valve. 18. Modulation valve. 19. Pressure differential and safety valve. 20. Pressure relief valve. 21. Oil
filter. 22. Body of selector valve. 23. Spool for direction selection. 24. Oil reservoir. 25. Magnetic screen. 26. Transmission oil
pump. 27. Spool for speed selection. A. Pressure tap for converter outlet. B. Pressure tap for lubrication. C. Pressure tap for
converter inlet. D. Pressure tap for sequence relief valve. E. Pressure tap for speed clutches. F. Pressure tap for direction clutches.
G. Pressure tap for transmission oil pump.

The transmission hydraulic controls are made up of a pump, filter, control valves, a selector lever and a
linkage mechanism. The hydraulic controls send oil to the clutches in the transmission. Oil not used by the
clutches is sent through pressure relief valve (20) to inlet relief valve (16) for the torque converter.

The location of transmission oil pump (26) is on the left rear face of the flywheel housing. The pump is
driven by the engine flywheel. The pump pulls the oil from reservoir (24) and sends it to filter (21) on the
left side of the engine. From the filter, the oil goes to pressure relief valve (20) on the torque divider housing
and to the hydraulic controls (10) for the steering clutches. Relief valve (20) keeps the pressure of the oil to
the hydraulic controls at approximately 350 psi (24.6 kg/cm2) maximum. The oil from relief valve (20) goes
to pressure control valve body (12). The extra oil goes to the inlet relief valve (16) for the torque converter.

The pressure control valve is made up of two valves: modulation valve (18) and pressure differential and
safety valve (19). The modulation valve prevents sudden clutch engagement. The pressure differential valve
keeps a difference in the pressure between the speed clutch and direction clutch. Both valves work in
combination to engage a speed clutch before a direction clutch is engaged. This arrangement provides for
smooth engagement of the transmission and allows most of the load to be taken up by the direction clutches.
The safety valve keeps the transmission from engaging when the engine is started with the transmission in a
speed position.

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Oil, at speed clutch pressure, goes from the pressure control valve body (12) through a passage to selector
valve body (22). The oil goes through the selector valve body to speed selection spool (27). The speed
selection spool is in a position to send oil to one of the three speed clutches. The speed selection spool is
connected by linkage to the selection lever of the transmission. The position of speed selection spool (27) is
controlled by the position of the selection lever.

Oil, at direction clutch pressure, goes through a passage in pressure control body (12) to selector valve body
(22). The oil goes through the selector valve body to direction selection spool (23). The direction selection
spool is in a position to send oil to one of the two direction clutches. The direction selection spool is
connected by linkage to the selection lever of the transmission. The position of direction selection spool (23)
is controlled by the position of the selection lever.

The location of the transmission selection lever is at the left side of the operator's seat. The mechanical
linkage connects the selection lever to the selection spools. Speed shifts are made by the movement of the
selection lever to the front or back. Direction shifts are made by the movement of the selection lever to the
left or right.

Operation
When the engine is started, with the selection lever in NEUTRAL, oil goes through a passage in valve body
(12) to modulation valve (18). The oil goes around the modulation valve to differential and safety valve
(19). The oil goes through a passage in the valve. Part of the oil goes out of valve body (12) to selection
valve body (22). The position of speed selection spool (27) lets this oil start to fill the No. 3 clutch. Part of
the oil opens the poppet valve in differential and safety valve (19). This oil goes into the chamber between
valve (19) and the cover of valve body (12). Since valve (19) is against the cover, a passage is open from the
chamber to the right end of speed selection spool (27). When speed selection spool (27) is in the NEUTRAL
position, the passage is closed to reservoir (24). The pressure of the oil in the chamber increases. Valve (19)
moves away from the cover of valve body (12).

When the area behind the piston in the No. 3 clutch is filled with oil, the pressure of the oil increases. The
increase in pressure will move modulation valve (18) against the force of its spring. The movement of the
modulation valve (18) closes the passage from the transmission oil filter (21). This stops the increase in
pressure in the speed clutch for a short period of time.

At the same time, the increase in the pressure in the speed clutch moves differential and safety valve (19)
against the force of its spring. Differential and safety valve moves until the orifices in the spool are opened
to a passage that goes to selection valve body (22). The position of speed selection spool (27) keeps the oil
from going to a direction clutch. The differential and safety valve also closes a passage from valve body (12)
to the reservoir. The movement of the differential and safety valve lets oil go through the center of the
differential and safety valve to check valve (15). The check valve moves and closes a passage from valve
body (12) to the reservoir. When both of the passages are closed, pressure oil goes through an orifice in
check valve (15) to the chamber behind load piston (11).

As the pressure of the oil in the chamber behind load piston (11) increases, the load piston will move toward
the modulation valve. The pressure of the oil behind the load piston and the force of the spring will move the
modulation valve (18). The modulation valve opens the passage from the filter to differential and safety
valve (19). The position of valve (19) lets the oil go from valve body (12) to selection body (22). This causes
the pressure of the oil in the speed clutch to increase.

As the pressure in the speed clutch increases, modulation valve (18) moves and stops the oil to the speed
clutch again. This causes differential and safety valve (19) to again move against the force of its spring. The
oil can again go through the orifice in check valve (15) to the chamber behind load piston (11). The pressure
of the oil behind the load piston and the force of the spring again move the modulation valve. The
modulation valve again opens and lets oil go to the speed clutch. This cycle takes place again and again until
the load piston moves completely against its stop. Speed clutch pressure is then at a maximum of
approximately 350 psi 24.6 kg/cm2). The pressure stopped by direction selection spool (23) and felt on the
load piston (11) is approximately 55 psi (3.9 kg/cm2) less than the speed clutch pressure. This gradual
increase in pressure is called modulation. Modulation valve (18) gives modulation for all the clutches (speed

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and direction).

The force of the spring which is acting on the end of differential and safety valve (19) is approximately 55
psi (3.9 kg/cm2) the same as the pressure acting on the opposite end. Thus the valve will balance at a point
where the pressure in the direction clutch is about 55 psi (3.9 kg/cm2) less than the pressure in the speed
clutch.

When the selection lever is moved from NEUTRAL to FIRST REVERSE, speed selection spool (27) moves
to the left. The movement of spool (27) lets oil in the No.3 clutch go to reservoir (24) and to the No.5 clutch.
At the same time, speed selection spool (27) opened a passage to direction spool (23). The direction
selection spool is in a position to let oil go to the No.2 clutch.

As the pressure in the No.3 clutch decreases, the force of the spring moves differential and safety valve (19).
Differential and safety valve (19) moves and opens a passage to reservoir (24). The pressure in the direction
clutch circuit decreases.

The oil fills the No.5 clutch. As the pressure in the piston behind the No.5 clutch increases, the pressure is
felt at the bottom of differential and safety valve (19). The differential and safety valve moves against the
force of its spring and closes the passage to reservoir (24). Oil goes through the differential and safety valve
and out valve body (12). The oil goes through a passage in valve body (22) to the No.2 clutch. The oil starts
to fill the No.2 clutch.

At this time, the modulation valve (18) and load piston (11) go through the modulation sequence. The
modulation valve and load piston go through the modulation sequence until the full pressures of operation
are reached in the speed and direction clutches. The hydraulic controls are now in the positions shown in the
schematic.

The same sequence is done for each shift. When the transmission selection lever is moved, speed selection
spool (27) moves and decreases the pressure of the oil in the clutch circuits. At the same time, speed
selection spool (27) opens passages for pressure oil to the clutches for the next speed. As the pressures in the
clutch circuits increase, the speed clutch and then the direction clutch are engaged. When the full pressures
of operation are reached, the machine will be in the next speed. The operation of the hydraulic controls is the
same when both speed and direction are changed.

Safety Valve
The safety valve (19) prevents movement of the machine if the engine is started in a speed position or if the
pressure in the hydraulic controls decreases.

When the machine is operating with the selection lever in a speed position, pressure oil in the chamber
between valve (19) and the cover of valve body (12) keeps valve (19) away from the cover. The position of
the spool lets oil go the speed and direction clutches. The clutches for that speed are engaged and the
operation of the transmission hydraulic controls is normal.

When the pressure of the oil in the chamber is low (engine stopped), valve (19) is all the way against the
cover of valve body (12). Valve (19) will not move until the pressure in the chamber increases.

When the engine is started with the selection lever in a speed position, the oil from modulation relief valve
(18) goes to valve (19). Since the pressure in the chamber is low, valve (19) is all the way against the cover.
Oil goes through a passage in the valve. Part of the oil goes out of valve body (12) to selection valve body
(22). This oil starts to fill a speed clutch. Part of the oil from modulation valve (18) opens the poppet valve
in valve (19). This oil goes into the chamber between valve (19) and the cover of valve body (12). Since
valve (19) is against the cover, a passage is open from the chamber to the right end of speed selection spool
(27). When speed selection spool (27) is in a speed position, the right end is open to reservoir (24). The
pressure of the oil in the chamber between valve (19) and valve body (12) does not increase. Valve (19) does
not move and stops the oil to the direction clutch. Since both a speed and direction clutch must be engaged
in the transmission, the machine will not move.

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The poppet valve in valve (19) prevents the valve from moving all the way against the cover when the
transmission makes a shift.

The selection lever must be moved to NEUTRAL before oil can go to the direction clutch circuit. When the
selection lever is in NEUTRAL, speed selection spool (27) closes the passage at the right end of the spool to
reservoir (24). The pressure in the chamber between valve (19) and the cover can increase. Valve (19)
moves and oil can go to the direction clutch circuit.

Relief Valve For Torque Converter Outlet


The relief valve (3) for the converter outlet keeps the pressure in the torque converter constant by controlling
the rate that oil is released from the torque converter.

Pressure oil from torque converter (1) goes into housing (2) for the relief valve. It goes through a hole in the
valve spool into the chamber between the slug and valve spool. The pressure oil can now move the relief
valve against the force of the spring. When the pressure of the oil in the chamber becomes higher than the
force of the spring, the valve spool moves. The movement of the valve spool opens a passage to oil cooler
bypass valve (5). The valve spool will move and release pressure oil from the torque converter until the
pressure of the oil in the torque converter is approximately 42 psi (2.9 kg/cm2).

Oil Cooler Bypass Valve


The oil cooler bypass valve (5) controls the amount of oil that can go through air cooled oil cooler (4). The
bypass valve is controlled by the temperature of the oil from relief valve (3) for torque converter outlet.

When the temperature of the oil is less than 135° F (57° C), valve (5) is open and lets all the oil go to water
cooled oil cooler (6). When the temperature of the oil is 135° F (57° C), valve (5) starts to close and lets
most of the oil go to water cooled oil cooler (6) and some of the oil go through air cooled oil cooler (4).
When the temperature of the oil is 170° F (77° C), valve (5) closes all the way and lets all the oil go through
air cooled oil cooler (4) to water cooled oil cooler (6). From water cooled oil cooler (6), the oil goes to
lubrication relief valve (8).

Torque Divider (Power Shift)


The torque divider connects the engine to the planetary transmission. This connection is both a hydraulic
connection and a mechanical connection. The hydraulic connection is through a torque converter. The
mechanical connection is through a planetary gear set.

The torque converter uses oil from the transmission hydraulic controls to multiply the torque to the
transmission. When the machine is working against a low load, the torque multiplication is low. When the
machine is working against a high load, the torque multiplication is higher. A higher torque can then be sent
to the transmission during high load conditions. The planetary gear set also multiplies the torque from the
engine by making an increase in the mechanical advantage through its gears. This torque multiplication also
makes an increase as the load on the machine becomes higher. During no load conditions, neither the torque
converter nor the planetary gear set can multiply the torque from the engine.

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TORQUE DIVIDER OPERATION


1. Torque divider housing. 2. Rotating housing. 3. Diesel engine flywheel. 4. Ring gear. 5. Impeller. 6. Sun gear. 7. Outlet port. 8.
Turbine. 9. Output shaft. 10. Planet carrier. 11. Inlet port. 12. Planet gears. 13. Carrier. 14. Stator.

The torque divider is installed into flywheel (3). Torque divider housing (1) is installed on the engine
flywheel housing. Output shaft (9) is connected to the planetary transmission. A bearing at the rear of
housing (1) holds the torque divider in alignment with the flywheel.

The planetary gear set is made up of a sun gear (6), planet carrier (10), planet gears (12) and ring gear (4).
Sun gear (6) is connected to flywheel (3) by splines. Planet carrier (10) is connected to output shaft (9) by
splines. Planet gears (12) are held by planet carrier (10) and are engaged with the sun gear (6) and ring gear
(4).

The torque converter is made up of housing (2), impeller (5), turbine (8) and stator (14). Housing (2) is
connected to flywheel (3) by splines. Impeller (5) is connected to housing (2) by bolts. The turbine (8) is
connected to ring gear (4) by splines. Stator (14) is connected to carrier (13) by bolts. Carrier (13) is
connected to the torque divider housing (1) and can not turn.

Oil for the operation of the torque converter is from the transmission hydraulic controls. A relief valve for
converter inlet controls the pressure of the oil to the torque converter. A relief valve for converter outlet
controls the pressure of the oil in the converter.

Operation
The torque converter is driven by the engine through housing (2). The planetary gear set is driven by the
engine through sun gear (6). These connections let the torque output of the engine go in two separate
directions. Because of the larger radius of ring gear (4), most of this torque is sent by the torque converter
through the ring gear to planet gears (12). The remainder of the torque is sent by sun gear (6) to planet gears
(12). If planet carrier (10) has no resistance to rotation (no load), sun gear (6), planet gears (12), planet
carrier (10) and ring gear (4) will turn at the same speed. The torque from the converter and from the
planetary gear set is now through the planet carrier to output shaft (9) and the planetary transmission.
Neither the torque converter nor the planetary gear set can multiply the torque from the engine when they
are turning at the same speed.

When the machine has a load, planet carrier (10) has a resistance to rotation. Since sun gear (6) is turning at
the rpm of the engine, this resistance to rotation causes planet gears (12) to turn on their shafts. Their
rotation is opposite the rotation of ring gear (4). This causes a reduction in the speed of the ring gear. Since
turbine (8) is connected to the ring gear, a reduction in speed will cause the torque converter to multiply the
torque of the engine from housing (2). The torque multiplication is sent to planet carrier (10) and the output

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shaft through the ring gear.

With the reduction in the speed of the ring gear, the torque of the engine through sun gear (6) and the
planetary gear set also multiplies. This torque multiplication is also sent to planet carrier (10) and the output
shaft.

If the resistance to rotation of planet carrier (10) becomes higher (more load on the machine), the ring gear
will make more of a reduction in speed. The slower speed will let the torque multiplication through both the
torque converter and the sun gear become higher. If the resistance to rotation of the planet carrier becomes
high enough, the ring gear will stop. During some very high load conditions, the rotation of the planet carrier
and the output shaft will also stop. This will cause the ring gear to turn slowly in the opposite direction. At
this time the torque multiplication of the torque converter and the sun gear is at its maximum.

Operation of the Torque Converter

Oil for the operation of the torque converter goes through inlet port (11) in carrier (13) to impeller (5). The
rotation of the impeller gives force to the oil. The impeller sends the oil toward the outside of the impeller,
around the inside of housing (2) to turbine (8). The force of the oil hitting the blades of the turbine causes
the turbine to turn. Since the turbine is connected to ring gear (4), torque is sent to planet gears (12). At this
point in time, the torque given to the turbine by the force of the oil from the impeller can not be more than
the torque output of the engine to the impeller.

As the oil goes from the turbine, it is moving in a direction opposite to the direction of impeller (5) rotation.
Stator (14) causes the oil to change direction. Since the stator is connected to carrier (13) and can not turn,
most of the oil is sent back to impeller (5). The remainder of the oil goes from the stator through outlet port
(7) to the oil cooler and the transmission lubrication system.

FLOW OF OIL THROUGH TORQUE CONVERTER


2. Housing. 5. Impeller. 8. Turbine. 14. Stator.

The force of the oil from the stator can now add to the torque output from the engine to the impeller. This
extra force can give an increase to the torque output of the engine to the turbine. The larger the difference
between the speeds of the impeller and the turbine, the larger the amount of force of the oil from the stator.
Since it is the load on the machine that changes the speed of the turbine, the higher the load, the larger the
difference in the speeds of the impeller and the turbine. It is then the different loads on the machine that
control the amount of torque multiplication that the force of the oil from the stator can add.

Torque Divider Lubrication


Oil for the lubrication of the torque divider bearings and the planetary gear set is from the supply used for
the operation of the torque converter. The bearings are constantly running in oil. Bearings and gears in the
planetary gear set and the pilot bearing get lubrication through passages in the output shaft. The output shaft
bearing gets lubrication from normal oil leakage by a piston ring-type seal.

Transmission (Power Shift)

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The transmission is composed of two planet carriers containing five planetary systems and five
hydraulically-actuated clutches. The two front clutches (No. 1 and No. 2) are directional clutches,
determining forward or reverse direction, respectively. The three rear clutches (No. 3, No. 4 and No. 5) are
speed clutches providing second, third and first speed, respectively.

Neutral
When the transmission control lever is in the NEUTRAL slot, the No. 3 clutch is engaged. However, the
construction of the selector control valve is such that pressure oil is not available to the directional valve
spool. (A directional clutch and a speed clutch must be engaged to transmit torque to the bevel pinion.)

The No.3 clutch ring gear is held stationary by the engaged clutch. The ring gear is connected to the No.2
carrier (rear carrier); therefore, the No.2 carrier is held stationary. The power flow is transmitted through the
input shaft which can be used as a power take-off.

NEUTRAL (No.3 Clutch Engaged)

1. No.5 planet gear.

2. No.5 clutch ring gear.

3. No.5 clutch.

4. No.4 inner planet gear.

5. No.4 clutch ring gear.

6. No.4 clutch.

7. No.3 planet gear.

8. No.3 clutch.

9. No.3 clutch ring gear.

10. No.2 clutch.

11. No.2 clutch ring gear.

12. No.1 clutch.

13. No.1 clutch ring gear.

14. No.2 inner planet gear.

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15. No.2 carrier.

16. No.1 sun gear.

17. Transfer gear.

18. No.2 sun gear.

19. Input shaft.

20. Bevel pinion drive gear.

21. No.3 sun gear.

22. Bevel pinion.

23. No.1 carrier.

24. No.5 sun gear.

25. No.4 sun gear.

26. No.4 outer planet gear.

27. Output shaft.

28. No.2 outer planet gear.

29. No.1 planet gear.

First Speed Forward


In first speed forward, the No. 1 and No. 5 clutches are engaged holding the No. 1 and No. 5 clutch ring
gears stationary. The input shaft drives the No. 1 sun gear. The sun gear meshes with the No. 1 planet gears,
forcing them to rotate within the No. 1 clutch ring gear. This forces the No. 1 carrier to rotate in the same
direction as the input shaft. The No. 1 and No. 2 carriers and the No. 3 clutch ring gear are connected
mechanically; therefore, the No. 2 carrier rotates also. The torque to the output shaft is applied by both the
No. 3 planet gears acting on the No. 3 sun gear, and the No. 5 planet gears acting on the No. 5 sun gear. The
power is then transmitted to the bevel pinion by the transfer gear.

POWER FLOW-FIRST SPEED FORWARD (No. 1 and No. 5 Clutches Engaged)

1. No.5 planet gear.

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2. No.5 clutch ring gear.

3. No.5 clutch.

7. No.3 planet gear.

9. No.3 clutch ring gear.

12. No.1 clutch.

13. No.1 clutch ring gear.

15. No.2 carrier.

16. No.1 sun gear.

17. Transfer gear.

19. Input shaft.

20. Bevel pinion drive gear.

21. No.3 sun gear.

22. Bevel pinion.

23. No.1 carrier.

24. No.5 sun gear.

27. Output shaft.

29. No.1 planet gear.

Second Speed Forward


In second speed forward, the No. 1 and No. 3 clutches are engaged, holding the No. 1 clutch ring gear and
the No. 3 clutch ring gear and No. 2 carrier stationary. The torque, therefore, is transmitted from the No. 1
sun gear to the No. 1 planet gears, through the No. 3 planet gears, to the output shaft. The output shaft, in
turn, transmits torque to the bevel pinion.

POWER FLOW-SECOND SPEED FORWARD (No.1 and No.3 Clutches Engaged)

7. No.3 planet gear.

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8. No.3 clutch.

9. No.3 clutch ring gear.

12. No.1 clutch.

13. No.1 clutch ring gear.

15. No.2 carrier.

16. No.1 sun gear.

19. Input shaft.

23. No.1 carrier.

27. Output shaft.

29. No.1 planet gear.

Third Speed Forward


In third speed forward, the No. 1 and No. 4 clutches are engaged, holding the No. 1 and No. 4 clutch ring
gears stationary. The No. 1 sun gear and planets drive the No. 1 carrier. The No. 4 sun gear rotates with the
carrier and drives the No. 4 inner planet gears which, in turn, drive the outer planet gears. The outer planet
gears cause the No. 2 carrier and No. 3 clutch ring gear to rotate in the opposite direction of the No. 1
carrier. The No. 3 clutch ring gear drives the No. 3 planet gears which transmit the torque to the No. 3 sun
gear on the output shaft.

POWER FLOW-THIRD SPEED FORWARD (No. 1 and No. 4 Clutches Engaged)

4. No.4 inner planet gear.

5. No.4 clutch ring gear.

6. No.4 clutch.

7. No.3 planet gear.

9. No.3 clutch ring gear.

12. No.1 clutch.

13. No.1 clutch ring gear.

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15. No.2 carrier.

16. No.1 sun gear.

19. Input shaft.

21. No.3 sun gear.

23. No.1 carrier.

25. No.4 sun gear.

26. No.4 outer planet gear.

27. Output shaft.

29. No.1 planet gear.

Second Speed Reverse

POWER FLOW-SECOND SPEED REVERSE (No. 2 and No. 3 Clutches Engaged)

7. No.3 planet gear.

8. No.3 clutch.

9. No.3 clutch ring gear.

10. No.2 clutch.

11. No.2 clutch ring gear.

14. No.2 inner planet gear.

15. No.2 carrier.

18. No.2 sun gear.

19. Input shaft.

21. No.3 sun gear.

23. No.1 carrier.

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27. Output shaft.

28. No.2 outer planet gear.

In second speed reverse, the No. 2 and No. 3 clutches are engaged, holding their respective ring gears
stationary. The No. 2 carrier is held stationary by the No. 3 clutch. The No. 2 sun gear drives the No. 2 inner
planet gears which, in turn, drive the outer planet gears. The outer planet gears cause the No. 1 carrier to be
driven in the opposite direction of the input shaft.

The No. 3 planet gears transmit the torque to the No. 3 sun gear on the output shaft, turning the output shaft
in the same direction as the input shaft.

First And Third Speeds Reverse


For first speed reverse the No. 2 and No. 5 clutches are engaged. The operation is essentially the same as
first speed forward. The difference being that the No. 2 gear train is used instead of the No. 1. The extra set
of planet gears in the No. 1 carrier causes the No. 1 carrier rotation and therefore the output shaft rotation to
be reversed.

For third speed reverse the No. 2 and No. 4 clutches are engaged.

Transmission Lubrication
Oil from the oil cooler flows to the transmission lubrication relief valve, mounted on the front of the
transmission. From here is directed through two passages to the No. 1 and No. 2 planet carriers. The relief
valve is a spring-loaded dump valve. When the pressure of the lubricating oil exceeds the force of the dump
return spring, the valve moves against the spring allowing excess oil to flow through the orifices in the dump
valve, returning to the sump.

The oil flows through the No. 1 and No. 2 carrier lubrication tubes.

The oil passing through the No. 1 carrier tube flows through a passage in the front bearing cage and
lubricates the bearings. An oil manifold directs oil to the passages in the planet gear shafts to lubricate the
planet gear shaft bearings in the No. 1 carrier.

TRANSMISSION LUBRICATION

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1. Passage in transfer gear case. 2. Bearing drain passage. 3. Passage in bearing cage. 4. Front bearing. 5. Passage through the
clutch housing. 6. Passage in front bearing cage. 7. No.1 carrier lubrication tube. 8. No.2 carrier lubrication tube. 9. Transmission
lubrication relief valve.

The oil passing through the No. 2 carrier lubrication tube flows through a passage in the clutch housings to a
passage in the transfer gear case. The oil passes through the rear bearing cage and lubricates the No. 2
carrier planet gear shaft bearings. Lateral passages in the plate assembly between the No. 1 and No. 2 clutch
housings direct some of the oil to spray on the clutch plates and discs for lubrication and cooling. The other
components of the transmission and transfer drive are splash lubricated. The oil is then returned to the sump.

LUBRICATION RELIEF VALVE


1. Port to No.1 planet carrier. 2. Dump valve. 3. Dump valve return spring. 4. Dump chamber. 5. Port to No.2 planet carrier.

Transmission (Direct Drive)


The direct drive transmission is of the sliding gear type and is enclosed in a separate case. Two gear selector
levers are provided to obtain speed and directional selection. One selector lever controls the shifter fork for
selecting forward or reverse. The other selector lever controls three shifter forks for selection of different
speeds, as shown in the chart.

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TRANSMISSION GEAR ARRANGEMENT

1. Uppershaft.

2. Countershaft.

3. Bevel pinion shaft.

A. Forward and reverse sliding gear.

B. First speed gear.

C. Second speed gear.

D. Third speed gear.

E. Fourth speed gear.

F. Fifth speed gear.

G. Reverse drive gear.

H. First speed sliding gear.

I. Second speed sliding gear.

J. Third speed sliding gear.

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K. Fourth speed sliding gear.

L. Fifth speed sliding gear.

M. Reverse idler gear.

A locking mechanism actuated by the flywheel clutch control lever locks the sliding gears in position when
the flywheel clutch is engaged.

The reverse drive gear (G) is always in mesh with the reverse idler gear (M).

TRANSMISSION SHAFT LOCATIONS (FRONT VIEW)


1. Upper shaft. 2. Countershaft. 3. Bevel pinion shaft.

POWER FLOW

Transmission Lubrication
Lubricating oil is supplied by the flywheel clutch and transmission oil pump. Oil is delivered through an
inlet tube to oil manifold (1), which sprays oil downward over the transmission gears. The transmission
lubrication regulator valve (2) located on the front of the transmission case at the end of manifold (1), limits
the pressure of the lubricating oil and directs excess oil to the transmission sump. Cored passages (3) in the
transmission case carry oil from the valve to the forward bearings of upper shaft (4), countershaft (5) and
bevel pinion shaft (6). Drilled passage (7) in shaft (6) carries oil to a cross-drilled passage, which directs the
oil to the reverse idler gear bearing. The bearings on the rear of shafts (4), (5) and (6) are splash lubricated.

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SCHEMATIC OF TRANSMISSION LUBRICATION SYSTEM

TRANSMISSION LUBRICATION
1. Manifold. 2. Regulator valve. 3. Passages.

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TRANSMISSION LUBRICATION
4. Upper shaft. 5. Countershaft. 6. Bevel pinion shaft. 7. Drilled passage.

Flywheel Clutch (Direct Drive)


The oil clutch transmits torque from the diesel engine flywheel (10) to the transmission input shaft. When
the clutch is ENGAGED, the clutch actuating mechanism forces the pressure plates (8) and driven disc
assemblies (9) together to rotate as a unit. The clutch is maintained in the ENGAGED position by the over-
center cam action of the cam link and roller assemblies (17) against the clutch loading plate (16).

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FLYWHEEL CLUTCH OPERATION AND LUBRICATION

1. Brake drum.

2. Bearing cage.

3. Clutch shaft.

4. Oil passage in clutch shaft.

5. Oil pump drive gear.

6. Thrust washers.

7. Sliding collar assembly.

8. Pressure plates.

9. Driven disc assemblies.

10. Diesel engine flywheel.

11. Loading plate bearings.

12. Pilot bearing.

13. Clutch shaft rear bearing.

14. Oil passage in clutch hub.

15. Clutch hub.

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16. Clutch loading plate.

17. Cam link and roller assembly.

18. Oil return passage in bearing cage.

19. Oil inlet passage in bearing cage.

20. Oil pump.

21. Rear bearing retainer.

22. Oil pump driven gear.

23. Yoke assembly.

24. Oil pump screen.

25. Oil drain holes in flywheel.

When the flywheel clutch control lever is moved to the DISENGAGED position, yoke assembly (23),
sliding collar assembly (7) and cam link and roller assemblies (17), move away from clutch loading plate
(16). This allows flywheel (10) and pressure plates (8) to rotate relative to the driven disc assemblies (9),
clutch hub (15) and clutch shaft (3).

After the clutch is DISENGAGED, rotation of the drive shaft and clutch shaft can be stopped by moving the
flywheel clutch control lever forward. This action moves a brake shoe, which is mounted on a spring loaded
lever, in contact with brake drum (1), which is bolted to the clutch shaft.

A single-section gear-type pump (20) provides pressure oil to cool and lubricate the oil clutch and the
hydraulic pump drive gears. The pump operates whenever the diesel engine is running. Oil is supplied to the
pump from the bottom of the flywheel housing through screen (24) and a passage in the flywheel clutch
housing. After passing through the pump, oil flows to the flow control valve. Oil then flows through a
passage in the clutch cover, and flywheel housing to the hydraulic pump drive gears. When the oil pressure
reaches approximately 5 psi (0.36 kg/cm2), oil is permitted to flow through the flywheel clutch. An oil
drain-back passage (18) prevents the buildup of pressure oil against the seal at the rear of the flywheel clutch
housing.

The pilot bearing (12) is lubricated by oil which seeps past the spline on the clutch shaft and clutch hub. The
pressure plates (8) and driven disc assemblies (9) are cooled by oil which is thrown by centrifugal force of
the rotating clutch shaft and hub. The oil then passes through passages (25) in the flywheel and returns to the
bottom of the flywheel housing where the lubrication cycle is repeated.

Gear Shift And Interlock Mechanism


There are two transmission shift levers and one flywheel clutch lever to control the gear shift and interlock
mechanism. The two transmission shift levers are contained in one housing which is bolted to the right side
of the transmission case. The flywheel clutch lever is mounted on a bracket bolted to the left rear portion of
the tractor frame assembly.

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GEAR SHIFT AND INTERLOCK MECHANISM (Viewed From Rear)


1. Forward-reverse lever. 2. Speed selector lever. 3. Bearing. 4. Lever. 5. Bearing. 6. Forward-reverse shifter fork. 7. Lever. 8.
Gate. 9. Fifth speed shifter fork. 10. Guide. 11. Third and fourth speed shifter fork. 12. First and second speed shifter fork. 13.
Shifter shaft.

By moving the two control levers, various combinations of gears can be selected to give five forward and
four reverse speeds. The forward or reverse direction is selected by the forward-reverse lever (1) while the
speed selector lever (2) is used to select the desired speed.

When the tractor is used for belt work or other stationary work, or when idling with the flywheel clutch
ENGAGED, keep the forward and reverse lever in the FORWARD position, toward the operator. This will
keep the counter-shaft rotating and furnish lubricant to the transmission upper shaft bearings.

The three forks (9), (11) and (12) are controlled by the speed selector lever (2). The fork (6) is controlled by
the forward and reverse lever (1).

The interlock mechanism, attached to the gear shift housing, holds the shifter forks and transmission gears in
position when the clutch is ENGAGED.

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GEAR SHIFT AND INTERLOCK MECHANISM (Viewed From Right)


1. Forward-reverse lever. 2. Speed selector lever. 4. Lever. 7. Lever. 9. Fifth speed shifter fork. 10. Guide. 11. Third and fourth
speed shifter fork. 12. First and second speed shifter fork. 13. Shifter shaft. 14. Flywheel clutch lever. 15. Plunger (four). 16. Plate.
17. Spring (four). 18. Interlock shaft.

The interlock mechanism consists of spring-loaded plungers (15), which fit into notches on the shifter shafts
(13), and an interlock shaft (18), which is connected by a lever and rod to the flywheel clutch control lever
(14). The cam on the interlock shaft locks the plungers in the notches on the shifter shafts when the flywheel
clutch is ENGAGED, thereby preventing the transmission gears from sliding out of position. When the
clutch is DISENGAGED, the interlock shaft is rotated, allowing the plungers to be forced out of the notches
as the gears are shifted. Only a small load, created by the spring-loaded plungers, need be overcome to make
a shift change.

Steering Clutches, Brakes And Final Drive


Steering Clutches And Final Drive
The bevel pinion shaft in the transmission, drives the bevel gear. Both ends of the bevel gear shaft (1) are
splined into the hub of a steering clutch driving drum. Springs force the pressure plate assembly (4), driving
discs (7) and disc assemblies (8) against the driving drum (3). The steering clutches are disengaged by oil
pressure acting behind the steering clutch piston (5) which causes the piston to move outward against the
steering clutch spring retainer (6). This moves the steering clutch pressure plate (4) out of contact with the
discs to disengage the clutch.

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STEERING CLUTCH
1. Bevel gear shaft. 2. Steering clutch release bearing assembly. 3. Steering clutch driving drum. 4. Pressure plate assembly. 5.
Steering clutch piston. 6. Steering clutch spring retainer. 7. Driving disc. 8. Disc assembly.

The steering clutch driven drum encloses the pressure plate assembly, driving discs, disc assemblies and
driving drum. Teeth on the outer diameter of each disc assembly mesh with teeth in the driven drum.

The steering clutch driven drum connects to the final drive flange on the final drive pinion. The final drive
hub is splined into the sprocket.

The bevel gear, bevel gear shaft, steering clutch and final drive pinion rotate as a unit. Disengaging a
steering clutch disconnects the drive between the bevel gear shaft and the final drive pinion.

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FINAL DRIVE
9. Steering clutch driven drum. 10. Final drive pinion flange. 11. Final drive pinion. 12. Idler pinion gear. 13. Final drive gear. 14.
Final drive sprocket. 15. Outer bearing adjusting nut. 16. Sprocket shaft. 17. Duo-Cone seals. 18. Sprocket retaining nut. 19.
Bearing support assembly.

Steering Clutch Hydraulic Control


Filtered pressure oil is delivered by the transmission oil pump to the steering clutch hydraulic control valve
housing located on the bevel gear compartment cover.

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STEERING CLUTCH HYDRAULIC CONTROL


1. Shaft. 2. Shaft. 3. Lever. 4. Lever. 5. Plunger.

The steering clutch control levers are connected, through mechanical linkages, to levers on the shafts (1) and
(2). When the control levers are pulled to release the steering clutches, shafts (1) and (2) are rotated causing
levers (3) and (4) to contact plungers (5) and move them to the rear. The plungers operate control valve
spools which direct oil to control pistons (6) in the steering clutch hubs. The oil behind the pistons moves
them toward the steering clutches, compressing steering clutch springs (7) and moving pressure plate (8) out
of contact with the clutch discs, releasing the clutches.

CONTROL PISTON OPERATION


6. Piston. 7. Spring. 8. Pressure plate.

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Flow of Oil

The steering clutch hydraulic control valve acts as a pressure reducing valve to control the amount of oil
pressure behind the control pistons in the steering clutch hubs. The oil flow through the valve is as follows:
See Fig. 1. Pressure oil enters the control valve spool housing (6) through a port (not shown) in the top of
the housing and fills chamber (11). When both steering clutches are engaged, the oil in the chamber is
blocked by valve spools (5) and (19) from passing into outlet ports (2) and (17) to the steering clutch hubs.
Slots (12) in the valve spools allow a portion of the oil in the chamber to be bled off for lubrication of the
operating mechanism in shaft housing (7). The oil level in the housing is maintained by a standpipe (9). The
overflow oil flows through the standpipe and lubricates the bevel gear and pinion and the bevel gear shaft
bearings.

The outlet ports (2) and (17) connect to oil lines which lead to the steering clutch hubs. With the clutches
engaged, the oil in the steering clutch hubs and lines is at 0 PSI. The outlet ports are open to the oil sump in
the bevel gear compartment through standpipe (8) and slots (1) and (15) in the valve spools.

FIG. 1. FLOW OF OIL-SCHEMATIC Both Clutches Engaged


1. Slots (two). 2. Outlet port. 3. Passage. 4. Cavity. 5. Valve spool. 6. Valve spool housing. 7. Shaft housing. 8. Standpipe. 9.
Standpipe. 10. Spring. 11. Chamber. 12. Slots. 13. Plug. 14. Slug. 15. Slots (two). 16. Passage. 17. Outlet port. 18. Cavity. 19.
Valve spool. 20. Washer. 21. Spring. 22. Plunger.

See Fig. 2. Either or both steering clutches may be partially released by pulling the steering clutch control
levers part way back. When the right steering clutch control lever is pulled part way back, plunger (22) is
moved to the rear exerting a force on spring (21) moving valve spool (19) to the rear compressing spring
(10). The movement of the valve spool opens outlet port (17) to chamber (11) allowing pressure oil to flow
to the right steering clutch control piston, compressing the clutch springs. As the pressure increases behind
the clutch control piston, the pressure increase is sensed in cavity (18) through passage (16) in the valve
spool. When the combined force of oil pressure in cavity (18) [in front of slug (14)] and the force of spring
(10) becomes slightly greater and overcomes the force of spring (21), valve spool (19) moves forward
cutting off the flow of pressure oil through port (17). Thus, valve spool (19) is in a balanced position,
maintaining a pressure behind the right clutch control piston. The amount of oil pressure is established by
the position of plunger (22) which in turn determines the amount of force spring (21) exerts on valve spool
(19). The pressure at which the clutches begin slipping depends upon the load being applied to the machine.

FIG. 2. FLOW OF OIL - SCHEMATIC Left Clutch ENGAGED, Right Clutch Slipping
2. Outlet port. 3. Passage. 4. Cavity. 5. Valve spool. 10. Spring. 11. Chamber. 14. Slug. 16. Passage. 17. Outlet port. 18. Cavity.
19. Valve spool. 21. Spring. 22. Plunger.

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NOTE: Passages (3) and (16) in valve spools (5) and (19) are open to outlet ports (2) and (17) regardless of
the position of valve spools. Thus, the amount of oil pressure behind the clutch control pistons, is always
sensed in cavities (4) and (18).

See Fig. 3. When the right steering clutch control lever is pulled all the way back to disengage the right
steering clutch, plunger (22) is moved to the rear exerting a force on spring (21). This in turn forces valve
spool (19) to the rear until it contacts plug (13). The plunger continues to move to the rear, compressing the
spring, until the shoulder in the spring bore contacts washer (20). The plunger is then bottomed against the
shoulder in the valve spool housing. Outlet port (17) is then open to chamber (11) and the maximum oil
pressure in the system is acting on the right steering clutch control piston, compressing the clutch springs
and releasing the right steering clutch. In this position, there is no pressure modulating action of valve spool
(19) as plunger (22) is in direct contact with the valve spool.

FIG. 3. FLOW OF OIL - SCHEMATIC Left Clutch ENGAGED, Right Clutch Fully Released
11. Chamber. 13. Plug. 17. Outlet port. 19. Valve spool. 20. Washer. 21. Spring. 22. Plunger.

When the right steering clutch lever is moved to engage the right steering clutch, the oil pressure in cavity
(18) [created by the compression of the clutch springs in the right steering clutch] and force of springs (10)
and (21), returns the plunger (22) and valve spool (19) to their neutral position. See Fig. 1. This allows the
oil behind the steering clutch control piston to return to the sump through standpipe (8). The oil flow to
disengage the left steering clutch is the same as described for the right steering clutch.

Brakes And Brake Control Linkage

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BRAKE AND BRAKE CONTROL LINKAGE


1. Lock pawl. 2. Parking brake linkage. 3. Ratchet. 4. Parking brake lever. 5. Pedal. 6. Shaft. 7. Control lever. 8. Spring. 9. Control
linkage. 10. Lever. 11. Link. 12. Lever shaft. 13. Strut support lever assembly. 14. Strut. 15. Toggle link. 16. Lever shaft. 17.
Lever assembly. 18. Band.

Two contracting-band-type brakes, which operate independently of one another, are used to supplement the
action of the steering clutch or to stop the tractor. Either or both brakes can be held in the locked position by
the brake lock pawls (1). These pawls are actuated by a single hand lever.

The operation of both brakes is the same. When pedal (5) is depressed, control linkage (9) moves control
lever (7) forward. Shaft (6) and lever (10) rotate and pull up on link (11). This flattens toggle links (15) and
causes strut support lever assembly (13) and lever assembly (17) to rotate about lever shafts (12) and (16).
Struts (14) are forced against lugs on band (18), causing band to contract on drum.

When pedal is released, spring (8) returns pedal, linkage and brake band to brake released position.

The parking brake is engaged by depressing either or both pedals and pushing parking brake lever (4) down.
This moves parking brake linkage (2) forward, engaging pawl (1) with ratchet (3). The brakes are held in
applied position by the pawls that hold linkage in engaged position.

Undercarriage

TRACK ROLLER FRAME GROUP


1. Sprocket. 2. Recoil spring (beneath cover). 3. Track adjuster (beneath cover). 4. Track carrier roller. 5. Front idler. 6. Track. 7.
Track rollers. 8. Track roller frame.

The undercarriage connects to the chassis and final drive to support machine weight and provide mobility.
Two separate track assemblies are maintained in parallel alignment by the diagonal braces, but are free to
oscillate independently.

Track carrier rollers support the track between sprocket and idler. Front idlers guide the track. Track rollers
ride the rails formed by the track links and distribute the weight of the machine along the track.

Front idlers, track rollers and track carrier rollers use Duo-Cone floating seals to retain lubricant and keep
out dirt.

The machine is equipped with hydraulic track adjusters.

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Track Roller Frame


The track roller frames attach to the final drive shafts and to the steering clutch and bevel gear case. The
roller frames are held parallel by the diagonal braces, but move independently.

Mounted on the roller frames are the front idlers, track and track carrier rollers, recoil springs, track
adjusters, and final drive supports.

Alignment of roller frame and final drive is controlled by shim adjustment of the final drive supports.

Track Carrier Rollers


The track carrier rollers support the track between the sprocket and the front idler. The carrier roller shaft is
secured in the roller support bracket by a split clamp. The support bracket is bolted to the roller frame.

TRACK CARRIER ROLLER (9S2730)


1. Shaft. 2. Duo-Cone seal. 3. Roller bearings. 4. Plug. 5. End collar. 6. Carrier roller. 7. End cover.

Alignment of the carrier rollers with the sprocket and idler can be accomplished by in-and-out adjustment of
the roller shaft in the support bracket. Carrier rollers turn on two tapered roller bearings.

Track Carrier Roller Lubrication

The plug (6) is replaced by the 5M2080 Nozzle and lubricant is forced into the center passage (4). The
lubricant fills the cavity between shaft and roller up to plug level. During filling, air is forced out through
nozzle relief threads.

When lubricant, free of air, flows out at the nozzle relief, remove the nozzle and install the plug (6). Tighten
the plug to 125 ± 15. lb. ft. (17.3 ± 2.1 mkg).

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TRACK CARRIER ROLLER (9S2730)


1. Shaft. 2. Duo-Cone seal. 3. Bearings. 4. Passage. 5. End cover. 6. Plug.

If track carrier rollers are lubricated off the machine, the shaft must be in a horizontal position to assure
proper lubricant level.

TRACK CARRIER ROLLER (5M7318)


6. Plug. 7. Adjustment nut.

Track Rollers
Track rollers distribute the weight of the machine along the rails formed by the track links. A double flange
roller follows the front idler. Next is a single flange roller followed by a double, a single, a double, and a
single flange roller in front of the sprocket.

The roller shafts ride on center thrust bearings. The center flange of the roller shaft takes the side thrust of
the roller. Side movement or end clearance of the shaft is not adjustable.

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TRACK ROLLER
1. Lock. 2. Inner end collar. 3. Bearings. 4. Outer end collar. 5. Shaft. 6. Duo-Cone seals. 7. Track roller.

Track Roller Lubrication

Lubricant is forced into the center passage through a 5M2080 Nozzle threaded into the shaft in place of the
plug (3). The lubricant fills the reservoirs and forces air and lubricant out through nozzle relief threads.

TRACK ROLLER
1. Shaft. 2. Duo-Cone seals. 3. Plug. 4. Reservoirs. 5. Passage.

When lubricant is free of air bubbles, remove the nozzle and install the plug. Tighten the plug to 125 ± 15 lb.
ft. (17.3 ± 2.1 mkg).

If the track rollers are lubricated off the machine, the shaft must be in a horizontal position. Rollers with a
flat surface on one side of the shaft must have the flat surface facing upward.

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Rollers with completely round shafts have a slot in one end which must be positioned downward.

Front Idler
The front idlers guide the track into position in front of the track rollers. Each idler rotates on a hardened
shaft (9) and center thrust bearings (3). The center flange of the shaft takes the side thrust of the idler (8).
Side movement or end clearance of the shaft is not adjustable.

The ends of the idler shafts are secured in bearing assemblies (4) supported by plate assemblies (6). Springs
in the bearing assemblies force the plates down against the tops of the track roller frames (10).

The idler can be placed in a HIGH or LOW position. The high position is recommended for drawbar work
and the low position for using front-mounted equipment.

Alignment of front idler with the track rollers is accomplished with shims (5) between the bearing
assemblies and outer plates (7).

FRONT IDLER
1. Fill plug. 2. Duo-Cone seal. 3. Bearing.s. 4. Bearing. 5. Shims. 6. Plate. 7. Outer plate. 8. Idler. 9. Shaft. 10. Track roller frame.

Front Idler Lubrication

The front idler must be lubricated with the idler shaft in its LOW position. In machines where shaft
positioning is possible, this may require unbolting the idler end bearing from the yoke and rotating the
bearings 180° before lubrication. This should place the narrow portion of the bearing down and the idler
shaft in the LOW position.

The plug (1) is replaced by a 5M2080 Nozzle and lubricant is forced into the center passage. The lubricant
fills the cavities around the shaft, and lubricant and air is forced out through relief threads in the nozzle.
When lubricant is free of air, remove the nozzle and install the plug. Tighten the plug to 125 ± 15 lb. ft.
(17.3 ± 2.1 mkg).

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FRONT IDLER
1. Plug. 2. End bearing. 3. Center passage. 4. Shaft. 5. Duo-Cone seals.

If the front idler is lubricated off the machine, be sure the shaft is in a horizontal position and the narrow
portion of the end bearings is down.

Recoil Spring And Track Adjusting Mechanisms


The recoil spring is normally compressed and held between a bracket and stops on the track roller frame and
does not exert pressure against the track.

If objects become caught between the track and rollers, idler or sprocket, the front idler will move to the rear
and compress the recoil spring. This prevents the track from being overstressed.

Compression of the recoil spring is limited by the sleeve on the recoil spring bolt. A recoil spring nut may be
used to retain spring compression if spring assembly is to be removed. The nut has no other purpose.

For proper machine operation, the recoil spring nut must be positioned and locked so that the end of the
recoil spring nut extends .062 in. (1.57 mm) beyond the end of the recoil spring rod. The recoil spring nut is
then locked by tightening the bolt in the end of the recoil spring rod.

Hydraulic-Type Track Adjuster

Forward track adjustment is obtained by forcing lubricant into the cavity of the track adjuster cylinder. This
moves the recoil rod and front idler forward, tightening the track. Hydraulic pressure can be relieved by
opening the relief valve.

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HYDRAULIC TRACK ADJUSTER


1. Recoil spring stud nut. 2. Recoil spring. 3. Recoil spring stud. 4. Sleeve. 5. Track adjusting cylinder. 6. Front pilot. 7. Cavity. 8.
Front idler recoil rod. 9. Track adjusting piston. 10. Stops (two).

Track
The track link assembly has links, pins, seal washers and bushings. Each track link fits over the track link in
front of it, making a chain. Each link has a counterbore in the part that fits over the other link. The seal
washers between the counterbore and the bushings give a tight sealed fit to keep foreign materials out. Track
pins and bushings are all similar.

Earlier Track

All track bushings are the same length, except the master bushings which are shorter. Master pins can be
identified by an indentation in the end.

TRACK LINK AND PINS


1. Spacer. 2. Master pin. 3. Coned disc seal washers. 4. Master bushing. 5. Track bushing. 6. Link. 7. Track pin. 8. Coned disc seal
washers.

Later Track

The two piece master links (7) and master shoe (5) are held together with bolts (6).

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TRACK LINK AND PIN


1. Link. 2. Seal washers. 3. Track pin. 4. Track bushing.

MASTER LINK AND MASTER SHOE


5. Master shoe. 6. Bolts. 7. Master link.

Copyright 1993 - 2012 Caterpillar Inc.   Tue Aug 14 18:44:23 EST 2012
All Rights Reserved.
Private Network For SIS Licensees.

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Shutdown SIS

Previous Screen

Product:  TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


Model:  D6C TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR 26K
Configuration: D6C TRACTOR / DIRECT DRIVE / 26K01145-UP (MACHINE)
POWERED BY 3306 ENGINE

Testing and Adjusting


D6 TRACTOR POWER TRAIN
Media Number -REG00615-04 Publication Date -01/05/1974 Date Updated -10/10/2001

Testing And Adjusting

Introduction
NOTE: For Specifications with illustrations, make reference to POWER TRAIN SPECIFICATIONS FOR
D6 TRACTORS, Form No. REG01694. If the Specifications in Form REG01694 are not the same as in the
Systems Operation and the Testing and Adjusting, look at the printing date on the back cover of each book.
Use the Specifications in the book with the latest date.

Troubleshooting
This is intended as a reference for locating and correcting problems that may occur in the power train. In the
event further investigation is necessary, use of the 7S8875 or 8M2736 Hydraulic Test Box will be helpful.
For pressure tap locations and procedures for making tests and adjustments see D6 POWER SHIFT
TRANSMISSION TESTING AND ADJUSTING, Form No. REG01335, REG01336 and REG01612.

In all instances, visual checks of the machine should be made first and then operational checks before
proceeding to instrumentation tests.

Visual Checks
1. Check the oil level of the transmission and steering hydraulic system.

2. Check the oil level of the final drives.

3. Inspect all external oil lines, connections and external valving for leaks or damage.

4. Check the transmission control linkage and steering and brake control linkages for damage and/or
adjustment.

5. Check to be certain the track is not too tight.

6. Rotate the universal joint in both directions by hand. It should rotate freely except when cold oil causes
clutch drag. If it does not turn, disconnect the universal joint and determine if the torque converter or range
transmission is locked.

7. Check the magnetic strainer, filter and scavenge pump screen for foreign material.
a. Iron or steel particles indicate possible transmission, transfer gear or bevel gear failure.
b. Bronze-colored particles indicate a clutch failure, either a steering clutch or transmission
clutch.
c. Bright steel particles in the filter indicate a pump failure.
d. Aluminum particles indicate a torque converter failure.

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e. Rubber particles indicate a damaged seal or hose.

If metal or rubber particles are found, clean all components in the hydraulic system and recondition the
damaged components. If no particles are found, the machine can usually be operated without damage to the
components.

Operational Checks
With the engine running, move the transmission speed selector lever to all positions. The detents should be
felt in each position.

Operate the machine in all speeds. Listen for unusual noises and determine their source. Lock the brakes and
stall the torque converter in each speed. If the universal joint turns, the transmission clutches are slipping.
Refer to the OPERATIONAL CHECK LIST for "problems" and "probable causes."

Operational Check List


Transmission

PROBLEM: Does not operate in any speed or slips in all speeds.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low oil pressure caused by:


a. Low oil level.
b. Control linkage broken, loose or incorrectly adjusted.
c. Oil pump or oil pump drive failure.
d. Air leaks on inlet side of pump.
e. Leakage within the transmission.
f. Hydraulic system pressure relief valve incorrectly adjusted or stuck open.
g. Load piston, check valve, or differential valve stuck.
2. Mechanical failure in transmission.
3. Torque converter failure.
4. Transfer gear failure or bevel gear failure.

PROBLEM: Operates in reverse speeds only or forward speeds only.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Control linkage broken, loose or incorrectly adjusted.


2. Worn discs and plates and/or broken parts in the directional clutch.
3. Excessive leakage in connections and/or clutch piston seals of directional clutch.

PROBLEM: Transmission does not shift

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low oil level.


2. Low clutch pressures.
3. Incorrect linkage adjustment or worn or broken parts.

PROBLEM: Sluggish shifting.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low oil pressure.


2. Incorrectly adjusted internal and external control system linkages.

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3. Air leaks on inlet side of pump.


4. Load piston or check valve sticking in pressure control valve.

PROBLEM: Rough shifting.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Incorrectly adjusted control system linkage.


2. Incorrect initial setting of modulating valve.
3. Sticking load piston and/or check valve.
4. Weak or broken valve springs.

PROBLEM: Does not operate in a particular speed (forward or reverse) or operates in one speed
only.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Control linkage broken, loose or incorrectly adjusted.


2. Worn discs and plates and/or broken components of the clutch in question.
3. Excessive leakage in connections and/or clutch piston seals of the clutch in question.
4. Clutch plates broken, binding ring gear of the clutch in question. (Torque converter will stall in all
other speeds.)

PROBLEM: Transmission remains in gear when selector lever is in NEUTRAL.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Control linkage broken, loose or incorrectly adjusted.


2. Directional clutches not releasing.

PROBLEM: Transmission engages, torque converter stalls and engine under load condition. Machine
does not move.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Locked transmission.
a. Broken parts.
b. One or more clutches incorrectly engaged.
2. Broken teeth on bevel pinion or bevel gear.
3. Broken teeth on pinion and/or gears in final drives.

PROBLEM: Overheating of the transmission.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low oil level.


2. Oil cooler core partially plugged.
3. Excessive clutch drag.
4. Low oil flow as a result of a worn oil pump or extreme leakage in the hydraulic system.

PROBLEM: Unusually noisy pump.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. An intermittent loud popping sound which gives the impression that foreign materials are passing
through the pump is caused by pump cavitation.
2. A constant loud milling or gritting noise is an indication of pump failure.

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Torque Converter

PROBLEM: Torque converter overheating.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Improper operation of machine. Constant overloading.


2. Faulty temperature gauge.
3. Cooling system of machine faulty.
4. Mechanical failure of torque converter.
5. Excessive oil build-up in the torque converter cover around converter due to:
a. Scavenge pump failure.
b. Clogged screen.
c. Excessive leakage through torque converter.
6. Insufficient oil supply to the converter caused by:
a. Excessive leakage in the transmission and steering system.
b. Faulty pump.
c. Torque converter inlet relief valve set too low or leaking.
d. Clogged oil cooler or lines.

Steering

PROBLEM: Machine will not turn in one direction.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Steering control linkage incorrectly adjusted.


2. Excessive leakage in circuit between control valve and steering clutch piston or between piston
seals.
3. Valve spool stuck or valve spool spring weak or broken.

PROBLEM: Machine will not steer in either direction.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low pump output.


2. Leakage in the lines between the hydraulic system relief valve and the control valve.
3. Excessive leakage in the transmission.
4. Hydraulic system relief valve set low or leaking.
5. Incorrectly adjusted steering and brake linkage.

PROBLEM: Machine veers in either direction with both steering clutches engaged.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Incorrectly adjusted pedal linkage.


2. Worn steering clutch plates.
3. Weak or broken steering clutch springs.
4. Broken steering clutch spring retaining bolts.
5. Worn serrations on driving and driven steering clutch drums causing plates to "hang up."

PROBLEM: Sluggish steering.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Incorrectly adjusted, worn or broken linkage.


2. Worn brake lining.
3. Low pump output.

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4. Worn serrations on driving and driven steering clutch drums causing plates to "hang up."

Flywheel Clutch, Transmission And Steering


Clutch Hydraulic Tests

TRANSMISSION AND STEERING CLUTCH OIL SYSTEM (SCHEMATIC)


1. Magnetic strainer. 2. Oil pump. 3. Oil filter. 4. Flywheel clutch housing. 5. Transmission lubrication regulator valve. 6. Relief
valve (steering clutch hydraulic control). 7. Steering clutch hydraulic control valve. 8. Right steering clutch piston. 9.
Transmission case. 10. Oil cooler. 11. Screen. A. Left steering clutch oil pressure tap. B. Transmission oil pump pressure tap. C.
Right steering clutch oil pressure tap. D. Transmission lubricating oil pressure tap.

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ON MACHINE PRESSURE TAP LOCATIONS


A. Left steering clutch oil pressure tap. B. Transmission oil pump pressure tap. C. Right steering clutch oil pressure tap. D.
Transmission lubrication oil pressure tap.

7S1993 RELIEF VALVE


6. Relief valve (steering clutch hydraulic control). 12. Spacers.

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Final Drive And Undercarriage


Final Drive Bearings
After the final drive has been assembled, the track roller frame outer bearing installed and aligned, adjust the
bearing preload on the sprocket support bearings. With the adjusting nut lock and clamping bolt removed,
tighten adjusting nut (1) in a counterclockwise direction as tight as possible, with a five-foot extension on
the 7F9306 Spanner Wrench. Install the lock in one of the recesses in the adjusting nut, insert the clamping
bolt and tighten to lock the adjusting nut in position.

ADJUSTING FINAL DRIVE BEARINGS

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1. Adjusting nut.

Aligning Track Roller Frame With Sprocket


1. When installing track roller frame (6), the center of track rollers should be centered with drive sprocket
(8), so the track will lead straight off of rear roller (5) onto the drive sprocket and not rub against either the
sides of the sprocket or the rims of the track roller.

ALIGNING TRACK ROLLER FRAME WITH SPROCKET


1. Cap. 2. Nut. 3. Shims. 4. Outer bearing assembly. 5. Rear track roller. 6. Track roller frame. 7. Lock ring. 8. Drive sprocket. 9.
Retainer assembly. 10. Clearance. 11. Holder assembly. 12. Clearance. 13. Diagonal brace. 14. Clearance. 15. Steering clutch
case. 16. Clearance.

2. Center drive sprocket (8) in the recess of rear track roller (5) so spaces (10 and 12) between the outer face
of the sprocket and the inner edge of the track roller rim are equal.

3. Check diagonal brace (13) for clearance at (14 and 16) in recess in steering clutch case (15).

4. This adjustment can be made by removing the cap (1) from the outer bearing assembly (4) and taking off
the lock ring (7), nut (2) and retainer assembly (9).

5. Add shims (3) between the retainer assembly (9) and the holder assembly (11) to move the roller frame
out, decreasing the clearance (12) at the roller and at the diagonal brace (14) and increasing the clearance at
(10 and 16).

6. Remove shims (3) to allow the roller frame to move closer to the tractor, decreasing the clearance at (10
and 16) and increasing the clearance at (12 and 14).

Repositioning Front Idler


The idler can be positioned from the HIGH to LOW or LOW to HIGH position in the following manner.
The illustrations show repositioning the idler from the LOW to HIGH POSITION.

1. Remove the idler. Note the location of recess (3), with bearing (2) in the LOW position. See Fig. 1.

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FIG. 1. IDLER BEARING IN LOW POSITION


1. Collar. 2. Bearing. 3. Recess.

2. Remove the bolts, raise collars (1) and revolve bearings (2) and shaft 180° so recesses (3) are toward the
rear of the machine. See Fig. 2. Install the bolt.

FIG. 2. REPOSITIONING BEARINGS


3. Recess.

3. Rotate the idler 180° in the direction indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2. This will position the idler properly
for installation in the HIGH position. The bearing that was previously on the right side of the idler will now
be on the left, and recess (3) will again be toward the front of the machine. See Fig. 3.

FIG. 3. IDLER BEARING IN HIGH POSITION


3. Recess.

Copyright 1993 - 2012 Caterpillar Inc.   Tue Aug 14 18:47:12 EST 2012
All Rights Reserved.
Private Network For SIS Licensees.

9 9 14/08/2012
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Shutdown SIS

Previous Screen

Product:  TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


Model:  D6C TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR 26K
Configuration: D6C TRACTOR / DIRECT DRIVE / 26K01145-UP (MACHINE)
POWERED BY 3306 ENGINE

Testing and Adjusting


D6 TRACTOR POWER TRAIN
Media Number -REG00615-04 Publication Date -01/05/1974 Date Updated -10/10/2001

Testing And Adjusting

Introduction
NOTE: For Specifications with illustrations, make reference to POWER TRAIN SPECIFICATIONS FOR
D6 TRACTORS, Form No. REG01694. If the Specifications in Form REG01694 are not the same as in the
Systems Operation and the Testing and Adjusting, look at the printing date on the back cover of each book.
Use the Specifications in the book with the latest date.

Troubleshooting
This is intended as a reference for locating and correcting problems that may occur in the power train. In the
event further investigation is necessary, use of the 7S8875 or 8M2736 Hydraulic Test Box will be helpful.
For pressure tap locations and procedures for making tests and adjustments see D6 POWER SHIFT
TRANSMISSION TESTING AND ADJUSTING, Form No. REG01335, REG01336 and REG01612.

In all instances, visual checks of the machine should be made first and then operational checks before
proceeding to instrumentation tests.

Visual Checks
1. Check the oil level of the transmission and steering hydraulic system.

2. Check the oil level of the final drives.

3. Inspect all external oil lines, connections and external valving for leaks or damage.

4. Check the transmission control linkage and steering and brake control linkages for damage and/or
adjustment.

5. Check to be certain the track is not too tight.

6. Rotate the universal joint in both directions by hand. It should rotate freely except when cold oil causes
clutch drag. If it does not turn, disconnect the universal joint and determine if the torque converter or range
transmission is locked.

7. Check the magnetic strainer, filter and scavenge pump screen for foreign material.
a. Iron or steel particles indicate possible transmission, transfer gear or bevel gear failure.
b. Bronze-colored particles indicate a clutch failure, either a steering clutch or transmission
clutch.
c. Bright steel particles in the filter indicate a pump failure.
d. Aluminum particles indicate a torque converter failure.

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e. Rubber particles indicate a damaged seal or hose.

If metal or rubber particles are found, clean all components in the hydraulic system and recondition the
damaged components. If no particles are found, the machine can usually be operated without damage to the
components.

Operational Checks
With the engine running, move the transmission speed selector lever to all positions. The detents should be
felt in each position.

Operate the machine in all speeds. Listen for unusual noises and determine their source. Lock the brakes and
stall the torque converter in each speed. If the universal joint turns, the transmission clutches are slipping.
Refer to the OPERATIONAL CHECK LIST for "problems" and "probable causes."

Operational Check List


Transmission

PROBLEM: Does not operate in any speed or slips in all speeds.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low oil pressure caused by:


a. Low oil level.
b. Control linkage broken, loose or incorrectly adjusted.
c. Oil pump or oil pump drive failure.
d. Air leaks on inlet side of pump.
e. Leakage within the transmission.
f. Hydraulic system pressure relief valve incorrectly adjusted or stuck open.
g. Load piston, check valve, or differential valve stuck.
2. Mechanical failure in transmission.
3. Torque converter failure.
4. Transfer gear failure or bevel gear failure.

PROBLEM: Operates in reverse speeds only or forward speeds only.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Control linkage broken, loose or incorrectly adjusted.


2. Worn discs and plates and/or broken parts in the directional clutch.
3. Excessive leakage in connections and/or clutch piston seals of directional clutch.

PROBLEM: Transmission does not shift

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low oil level.


2. Low clutch pressures.
3. Incorrect linkage adjustment or worn or broken parts.

PROBLEM: Sluggish shifting.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low oil pressure.


2. Incorrectly adjusted internal and external control system linkages.

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3. Air leaks on inlet side of pump.


4. Load piston or check valve sticking in pressure control valve.

PROBLEM: Rough shifting.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Incorrectly adjusted control system linkage.


2. Incorrect initial setting of modulating valve.
3. Sticking load piston and/or check valve.
4. Weak or broken valve springs.

PROBLEM: Does not operate in a particular speed (forward or reverse) or operates in one speed
only.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Control linkage broken, loose or incorrectly adjusted.


2. Worn discs and plates and/or broken components of the clutch in question.
3. Excessive leakage in connections and/or clutch piston seals of the clutch in question.
4. Clutch plates broken, binding ring gear of the clutch in question. (Torque converter will stall in all
other speeds.)

PROBLEM: Transmission remains in gear when selector lever is in NEUTRAL.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Control linkage broken, loose or incorrectly adjusted.


2. Directional clutches not releasing.

PROBLEM: Transmission engages, torque converter stalls and engine under load condition. Machine
does not move.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Locked transmission.
a. Broken parts.
b. One or more clutches incorrectly engaged.
2. Broken teeth on bevel pinion or bevel gear.
3. Broken teeth on pinion and/or gears in final drives.

PROBLEM: Overheating of the transmission.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low oil level.


2. Oil cooler core partially plugged.
3. Excessive clutch drag.
4. Low oil flow as a result of a worn oil pump or extreme leakage in the hydraulic system.

PROBLEM: Unusually noisy pump.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. An intermittent loud popping sound which gives the impression that foreign materials are passing
through the pump is caused by pump cavitation.
2. A constant loud milling or gritting noise is an indication of pump failure.

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Torque Converter

PROBLEM: Torque converter overheating.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Improper operation of machine. Constant overloading.


2. Faulty temperature gauge.
3. Cooling system of machine faulty.
4. Mechanical failure of torque converter.
5. Excessive oil build-up in the torque converter cover around converter due to:
a. Scavenge pump failure.
b. Clogged screen.
c. Excessive leakage through torque converter.
6. Insufficient oil supply to the converter caused by:
a. Excessive leakage in the transmission and steering system.
b. Faulty pump.
c. Torque converter inlet relief valve set too low or leaking.
d. Clogged oil cooler or lines.

Steering

PROBLEM: Machine will not turn in one direction.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Steering control linkage incorrectly adjusted.


2. Excessive leakage in circuit between control valve and steering clutch piston or between piston
seals.
3. Valve spool stuck or valve spool spring weak or broken.

PROBLEM: Machine will not steer in either direction.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Low pump output.


2. Leakage in the lines between the hydraulic system relief valve and the control valve.
3. Excessive leakage in the transmission.
4. Hydraulic system relief valve set low or leaking.
5. Incorrectly adjusted steering and brake linkage.

PROBLEM: Machine veers in either direction with both steering clutches engaged.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Incorrectly adjusted pedal linkage.


2. Worn steering clutch plates.
3. Weak or broken steering clutch springs.
4. Broken steering clutch spring retaining bolts.
5. Worn serrations on driving and driven steering clutch drums causing plates to "hang up."

PROBLEM: Sluggish steering.

PROBABLE CAUSE:

1. Incorrectly adjusted, worn or broken linkage.


2. Worn brake lining.
3. Low pump output.

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4. Worn serrations on driving and driven steering clutch drums causing plates to "hang up."

Flywheel Clutch, Transmission And Steering


Clutch Hydraulic Tests

TRANSMISSION AND STEERING CLUTCH OIL SYSTEM (SCHEMATIC)


1. Magnetic strainer. 2. Oil pump. 3. Oil filter. 4. Flywheel clutch housing. 5. Transmission lubrication regulator valve. 6. Relief
valve (steering clutch hydraulic control). 7. Steering clutch hydraulic control valve. 8. Right steering clutch piston. 9.
Transmission case. 10. Oil cooler. 11. Screen. A. Left steering clutch oil pressure tap. B. Transmission oil pump pressure tap. C.
Right steering clutch oil pressure tap. D. Transmission lubricating oil pressure tap.

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ON MACHINE PRESSURE TAP LOCATIONS


A. Left steering clutch oil pressure tap. B. Transmission oil pump pressure tap. C. Right steering clutch oil pressure tap. D.
Transmission lubrication oil pressure tap.

7S1993 RELIEF VALVE


6. Relief valve (steering clutch hydraulic control). 12. Spacers.

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Final Drive And Undercarriage


Final Drive Bearings
After the final drive has been assembled, the track roller frame outer bearing installed and aligned, adjust the
bearing preload on the sprocket support bearings. With the adjusting nut lock and clamping bolt removed,
tighten adjusting nut (1) in a counterclockwise direction as tight as possible, with a five-foot extension on
the 7F9306 Spanner Wrench. Install the lock in one of the recesses in the adjusting nut, insert the clamping
bolt and tighten to lock the adjusting nut in position.

ADJUSTING FINAL DRIVE BEARINGS

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1. Adjusting nut.

Aligning Track Roller Frame With Sprocket


1. When installing track roller frame (6), the center of track rollers should be centered with drive sprocket
(8), so the track will lead straight off of rear roller (5) onto the drive sprocket and not rub against either the
sides of the sprocket or the rims of the track roller.

ALIGNING TRACK ROLLER FRAME WITH SPROCKET


1. Cap. 2. Nut. 3. Shims. 4. Outer bearing assembly. 5. Rear track roller. 6. Track roller frame. 7. Lock ring. 8. Drive sprocket. 9.
Retainer assembly. 10. Clearance. 11. Holder assembly. 12. Clearance. 13. Diagonal brace. 14. Clearance. 15. Steering clutch
case. 16. Clearance.

2. Center drive sprocket (8) in the recess of rear track roller (5) so spaces (10 and 12) between the outer face
of the sprocket and the inner edge of the track roller rim are equal.

3. Check diagonal brace (13) for clearance at (14 and 16) in recess in steering clutch case (15).

4. This adjustment can be made by removing the cap (1) from the outer bearing assembly (4) and taking off
the lock ring (7), nut (2) and retainer assembly (9).

5. Add shims (3) between the retainer assembly (9) and the holder assembly (11) to move the roller frame
out, decreasing the clearance (12) at the roller and at the diagonal brace (14) and increasing the clearance at
(10 and 16).

6. Remove shims (3) to allow the roller frame to move closer to the tractor, decreasing the clearance at (10
and 16) and increasing the clearance at (12 and 14).

Repositioning Front Idler


The idler can be positioned from the HIGH to LOW or LOW to HIGH position in the following manner.
The illustrations show repositioning the idler from the LOW to HIGH POSITION.

1. Remove the idler. Note the location of recess (3), with bearing (2) in the LOW position. See Fig. 1.

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FIG. 1. IDLER BEARING IN LOW POSITION


1. Collar. 2. Bearing. 3. Recess.

2. Remove the bolts, raise collars (1) and revolve bearings (2) and shaft 180° so recesses (3) are toward the
rear of the machine. See Fig. 2. Install the bolt.

FIG. 2. REPOSITIONING BEARINGS


3. Recess.

3. Rotate the idler 180° in the direction indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2. This will position the idler properly
for installation in the HIGH position. The bearing that was previously on the right side of the idler will now
be on the left, and recess (3) will again be toward the front of the machine. See Fig. 3.

FIG. 3. IDLER BEARING IN HIGH POSITION


3. Recess.

Copyright 1993 - 2012 Caterpillar Inc.   Tue Aug 14 18:48:26 EST 2012
All Rights Reserved.
Private Network For SIS Licensees.

9 9 14/08/2012