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19. Tancinco v Calleja (Bonifacio) 10.

Tancinco filed a protest for inclusion of the 56 votes


G.R. No. 78131; January 20, 1988 11. MOLE directed the inclusion of the votes
Petitioners: EDUARDO TANCINCO, OSCAR E. BARTOLO, DANIEL DE LEON, EDDIE POE, 12. Lacanilao appealed with BLR
VIRGILIO SAN PEDRO, MA. LUISA QUIBIN, FE MUDLONG and HENRY MADRIAGA a. Iglesia ni Kristo - allowing them to vote will be anomalous since it is their policy
Respondents: DIRECTOR PURA FERRER-CALLEJA, EDWIN LACANILAO, BOYET DALMACIO, not to participate in any form of union activities
JOSEFINO ESGUERRA, TESSIE GATCHALIAN, LITO CUDIA and DING PAGAYON b. non-time card employees, that they are managerial employees
c. employees of the cooperative as non-ITM employees
Emergency Recit: 13. BLR said that exclusion was arbitrary BUT set aside the MOLE order since 51/56 are not
ITM-MEA organizers, Lacanilao group, file a petition for direct certification of the union as sole yet union members at the time of election
and exclusive bargaining agent of ITM’s bargaining unit. However due to incidences Lacanilao
group lead a strike, while the Tancinco group staged a strike inside the company premises. The Issue/s:
strike ended and an agreement was made. In a Pre-election conference was held but parties Whether or not the 56 votes should be included. YES.
failed to agree on the list of voters. Later 56 employees were ruled to be excluded from the
voting list. Election of officers were conducted, votes of said 56 employees were not counted, Held:
and Lacnilao’s group won with 3 votes more. Tancinco filed a protest for inclusion of the 56  Submission of the employees names with the BLR as qualified members of the union is
votes. The SC held that the 56 votes should be included. The SC held that eligibility to vote may not a condition sine qua non to enable said members to vote in the election of union's
be determined through the use of the applicable payroll period and employee's status during officers
the applicable payroll period. In this case, considering that none of the parties insisted on the  Per public respondent's findings the 1986 list consists of 158 union members only wherein
use of the payroll period-list as voting list and considering further that the 51 remaining 51 of the 56 challenged voters' names do not appear. Adopting however a rough estimate
employees were correctly ruled to be qualified for membership, their act of joining the election of a total number of union members who cast their votes of some 333 and excluding
by casting their votes on after the 1986 agreement is a clear manifestation of their intention therefrom the 56 challenged votes, if the list is to be the basis as to who the union
to join the union members are then public respondent should have also disqualified some 175 of the 333
voters
Doctrine/s:  It is true that under article 242(c) of the LC, as amended, only members of the union can
Eligibility to vote may be determined through the use of the applicable payroll period and participate in the election of union officers. The question however of eligibility to vote
employee's status during the applicable payroll period. The payroll of the month next may be determined through the use of the applicable payroll period and employee's
preceding the labor dispute in case of regular employees and the payroll period at or near the status during the applicable payroll period. The payroll of the month next preceding the
peak of operations in case of employees in seasonal industries labor dispute in case of regular employees and the payroll period at or near the peak of
operations in case of employees in seasonal industries
 In this case, considering that none of the parties insisted on the use of the payroll period-
Facts: list as voting list and considering further that the 51 remaining employees were correctly
1. The respondents are the organizers of Imperial Textile Mills Inc. Monthly Employees ruled to be qualified for membership, their act of joining the election by casting their votes
Association (ITM-MEA) on after the 1986 agreement is a clear manifestation of their intention to join the union
2. While respondents were preparing to file a petition for direct certification of the union as  They must therefore be considered ipso facto members thereof Said employees having
sole and exclusive bargaining agent of ITM’s bargaining unit, the union’s VP (Dalamaco) exercised their right to unionism
was promoted to Department Head, thereby disqualifying him for union membership  Their names could not have been included in the list of employee submitted on April 24,
3. This incident, among others, lead to strike headed by the Lacanilao group, while the 1986 to the Bureau of Labor for the agreement to join the union was entered into only on
Tancinco group staged a strike inside the company premises. May 10, 1986. Indeed the election was supervised by the Department of Labor where said
4. After 4 days, strike was settled, agreement was entered between Lacanilao and Tancinco 56 members were allowed to vote. Private respondents never challenged their right to
group vote then
5. Pre-election conference was held but parties failed to agree on the list of voters  It is however the position of private respondents that since a CBA has been concluded
6. In another pre-election conference attended by MOLE officers, ANGLO through its between the local union and ITM management the determination of the legal question
National Secretary, a certain Mr. Cornelio A. Sy made a unilateral ruling excluding some raised herein may not serve the purpose which the union envisions and may destroy the
56 employees consisting of the Manila office employees, members of Iglesia ni Kristo, cordial relations existing between the management and the union
non-time card employees, drivers of Mrs. Salazar and the cooperative employees of Mrs. o We do not agree. Existence of a CBA and cordial relationship developed
Salazar.Cooperative employees of Mrs. Salazar between the union and the management should not be a justification to
7. MOLE Pampanga protested the ruling but no action was taken frustrate the decision of the union members as to who should properly
8. Election of officers were conducted, votes of said 56 employees were not counted represent them in the bargaining unit
9. Lacnilao’s group won, 119 votes (3 votes over Tancinco)
Dispositive Portion:

WHEREFORE, premises considered, the petition for certiorari is GRANTED. The temporary
restraining order issued by this Court on May 13, 1987 is hereby made permanent. The
questioned Resolution of February 12, 1987 and the Decision of December 10, 1986 are hereby
set aside for being null and void and the Order of July 25, 1986 of the Mediator Arbiter is hereby
declared immediately executory.

Cost against private respondents.

SO ORDERED.