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Air Cooled Water Chillers,

Air Cooled Condensing Units,


Air-to-Water Reverse Cycle Heat Pumps.
Models ALR/ALP/MHP 06P to 09P
Cooling Capacities from 17 to 29 kW
with HCFC 22 & HFC 407C

Technical Brochure R

TW 930.4E/03.02
Supersedes : TW 930.3E/12.99
Design Features

General Evaporator (except ALP)


The air cooled water chillers ALR/ALP/MHP 06P to 09P offer 3
models with cooling capacities from 17 to 29 kW allowing to suit, in Evaporator is a direct expansion, compact, high efficiency, brazed
this capacity range, the air conditioning or water cooling applications plate-to-plate type heat exchanger consisting of stainless steel
required for residential, tertiary or industrial sector. plates.
In a compact shape, these chillers have a very small space
requirement. Evaporator is wrapped with an electric resistance heater cable
The ALR and MHP units can be factory equipped with an and insulated with closed cell polyurethane foam insulation to
integrated hydraulic module with circulating pump, permitting provide freeze protection down to -20 °C ambient air temperature.
then to facilitate and reduce the unit installation time.
The units are fully encased with weatherproof galvanised steel Air Cooled Condensers
panels finished in baked enamel coloured RAL 7032. They are
suitable for outdoor installation on roof of buildings or directly on Condenser coils consist of seamless copper tubes arranged in a
ground. staggered row pattern. Each coil is mechanically expanded into
All units are completely assembled in the factory with all aluminium fins (lanced type on ALR and ALP units or rippled type
interconnecting refrigerant piping and internal wiring ready for field on MHP units) with full fin collars. Optional protective coil guards
installation. After assembly, a full run test is also performed in the provide fin protection.
factory with water flowing through the evaporator to verify that the
refrigerant circuit operates correctly. They are delivered with their
complete oil and refrigerant charge (refrigerant holding charge for Condenser Fan and Motor
ALP units).
All the 3 sizes are available in three versions: Fan is propeller, direct drive type. Motor is IP 55 type having
automatic reset internal thermal protection.
1) ALR: air cooled water chillers, the standard units have been
designed to operate at leaving chilled water temperature range
of 4 to 9 °C and for ambient air temperatures from 15 to 42 °C. Refrigerant Circuit (except ALP)
They can be equipped with optional low ambient operation kit
enabling the unit operation at ambient air temperature down to The refrigerant circuit is equipped with a thermal expansion valve,
-15 °C.
filter-drier, sight glass, liquid receiver and low and high pressure
Additionally, for difficult climatic conditions, the high temperature switches.
option (HT) allows the units to operate with ambient air
temperature up to 47 °C. The MHP units have, in addition, reverse cycle 4-port valve, non-
2) ALP: air cooled condensing units, suitable for air conditioning return valves and suction accumulator.
applications requiring the use of direct expansion coils.
All of these units are supplied with refrigerant holding charge; Refrigerants
however, the thermal expansion valve, sight glass, filter-drier
and piping will be supplied by others. In accordance with the regulations of each country, the ALR and
In the same way as the ALR units, the ALP's can be provided ALP units can be supplied with HCFC 22 or HFC 407C refrigerant.
with the HT (high ambient air temperature) option. However, the MHP units can be supplied with HCFC 22 refrigerant
3) MHP: air-to-water heat pumps provide, in addition to only.
traditional chilled water production (summer mode), hot water
temperatures ranging from 35 to 55 °C (winter mode) with a Electrical Panel
minimum ambient temperature of -5 °C. MHP units are not
intended to replace the heating system provided by the boilers;
but during soft season they are significantly efficient for All electrical equipment required for proper unit operation is located
domestic hot water requirements, low temperature heating in a weatherproof electrical panel with access on the front of the
applications, etc. unit.

The CE compliance of electrical panel is assured by an access


Compressor panel fixed by screws. The electrical panel has a main switch with
externally lockable handle, power contactors and overload
Compressor is of hermetic Scroll type. protection for compressor and fan motor, control circuit fuses,
The compressor motor, refrigerant gas cooled type, is equipped temperature controller (except ALP unit), high and low pressure
with automatic reset internal thermal protection. switches, antifreeze thermostat (ALR only), anti-short cycle time
The compressor can be equipped with optional acoustic insulation delay, on/off switch and electrical junction blocks for power and
and is mounted on rubber anti-vibration pads. control circuits.

Page 2
Design Features (cont'd)

Controls
The ALR & MHP units are equipped with a microprocessor based The ALP units are supplied without controller. A specific terminal
compact controller consisting of a user terminal and a basic strip located in the electrical panel is supplied to receive unit control
electronic board located in a unique box. and unit shutdown signals via the customer control system.
The user terminal has digital display and programming keypad The control display panel has the features as described
allowing set points and unit control parameters to be displayed below.
and modified.

ALR & MHP control display panel

1. Compressor 1 LED
2. Compressor 2 (if any) LED
3. Cooling mode LED
4. Heating mode LED
5. Timer LED
6. Display
7. Parameter modified value storage key
8. Setpoints and control parameters display key
9. Parameter value change key (+) or cooling functioning mode
key (press button for more than 5 seconds)
10. Parameter value change key (-) or heating functioning mode
key (press button for more than 5 seconds)

Centrifugal fan module (optional) Accessories and options


The ALR, ALP and MHP units can be equipped with optional
centrifugal fan having either vertical air discharge or right or left ✔ 400 V / 230 V control circuit transformer,
hand air discharge (when facing the electrical panel). The inlet ✔ Remote fault relay,
side is non ducted type, whereas the discharge side is ductable. ✔ Hour meter,
✔ Low ambient kit (-15 °C, +15 °C),
This option is consisting of a forward curved twin fan providing ✔ "Paddle" type water flow switch,
100, 150 or 200 Pa external static pressure (all sizes) to be
✔ Lack of water safety pressure switch,
specified when placing order. ✔ HP / LP pressure gauges,
✔ Cu / Cu condensers,
Integrated hydraulic module (optional) ✔ Condenser coil guards,
The integrated hydraulic module is available on ALR and MHP ✔ Rubber vibration isolators kit,
units only. It consists of a circulating pump, an insulated water ✔ Acoustic insulation (ALR/ALP only),
reservoir, an expansion tank and a water flow switch. ✔ Compressor acoustic enclosure,
The integrated hydraulic module an be supplied with the following ✔ HFC 407C refrigerant (ALR / ALP only),
additional options : ✔ HT version (ALR/ALP only),
✔ HP switches per TUV - VDE standards,
✔ double pump with manual or automatic switching,
✔ antifreeze protection with an outdoor thermostat energizing ✔ Cu/Brass water pipes,
the chilled water pump and activating the immersion heaters ✔ Isolating valves (supplied loose),
located in the water reservoir, ✔ Water filter (supplied loose),
✔ extra electric heating (on MHP units only). ✔ Single or double pump without hydraulic module.

Page 3
Principle Diagram of Integrated Hydraulic Module

6 9

Out
1 Water pump
From evap.
In 2 Water reservoir
8
5 3
3 Automatic air vent
9
4 Expansion tank (supplied loose)
4 5 Flow switch
To evap. 6 Optional shut-off valves (supplied loose)
2
7 Optional immersion heater
7 8 Relief valve (supplied w/ immer. heater)
1
9 Pressure tapping points (Shrader)
Drain

Note: All ALR and MHP units, with or without integrated hydraulic module, are supplied with inlet/outlet water pressure tapping points to
control the water pressure drops of the heat exchanger.
Important: For all air conditioning installation with a chilled water distribution, it is necessary that the whole distribution system must be sized
to restore a volume of 15 liters/kW of which the cooling capacity to be considered corresponds to the minimum step of capacity reduction
of the machine. In some cases, it wil be necessary to add a storage capacity and an expansion tank on the going or the return of the chilled
water piping system.

;;;
Refrigerant Flow Diagram - ALR Unit

;;;
;;;;;
;;;
;;;
2

;;; ;
1. Evaporator
Water In 2. Compressor
3. Condenser coil
3
1 4. Liquid receiver
5. Filter-drier

;;
6. Sight galss and moisture indicator
Water Out 7. Thermal expansion valve

HP vapour
7
HP liquid

LP liquid
6
LP vapour
5 4

Low pressure liquid refrigerant enters the cooler and is evaporated High pressure superheated refrigerant enters the condenser coil
and superheated by the heat energy absorbed from the chilled where heat is rejected to the ambient air.
water.
The fully condensed and subcooled liquid refrigerant then enters
Low pressure vapour enters the compressor where pressure the expansion valve where pressure reduction and further cooling
and superheat are increased. takes place before returning to the cooler.

Page 4
Refrigerant Flow Diagrams - MHP Unit

Cooling Mode

;;;
Heating Mode

;;
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2 2

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4 4

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3 3

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1 1

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6 5 6 5

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11 7 11 7

;
10 10
8 8

;;
9 9

1. Evaporator (Cooling mode) or condenser (Heating mode)


HP vapour
2. Compressor
3. Reverse cycle 4-port valve
4. Condenser coil (Cooling mode) or DX coil (Heating mode) HP liquid
5. Liquid receiver
6. Suction accumulator LP liquid
7. Filter-drier
8. Sight glass and moisture indicator
LP vapour
9. Thermal expansion valve
10. Tee
11. Non-return valve

The 4-port valve and the set of non-return valves, tees and pipings The suction accumulator is used to eliminate any refrigerant liquid
allow the unit to operate either in cooling mode or heating mode. entering the compressor.

Selection Procedure
Selection example For conditions different from those indicated in
performance tables, interpolation is allowed; however,
Given: extrapolation is not permitted.
Cooling capacity 21.0 kW minimum
Ambient air temperature 35 °C 2. Calculate the evaporator lps:
Chilled water 12 / 7 °C
Evaporator fouling factor 0.044 m2.°C/kW l/s = 24.6 / (4.186 x 5) = 1.175 l/s
HCFC 22
3. Determine the evaporator pressure drop from water pressure
1. From performance table of page 9, the model ALR 07P will drop charts in page 12.
produce 24.6 kW cooling capacity with 8.9 kW power input.

Page 5
Selection Procedure (cont'd)

Selection example utilizing glycol WPD=1.263.

Given: 3. Select ALR 09P and correct performances with 40 % glycol


Cooling capacity 27 kW minimum factors.
Ambient air temperature 35 °C
Chilled water 12 / 7 °C 4. Correct capacity = 0.961 x 29.5 = 28.3 kW; correct
Evaporator fouling factor 0.044 m2.°C/kW compressor kW = 10.8 x 0.976=10.5 kW.
HCFC 22
Protect against freezing down to -18 °C 5. Correct chilled water flow : 28.3 / (4.186 x 5)=1.352 l/s
Water flow at 40 % solution : 1.121 x 1.352 = 1.516 l/s
1. From table below, select a glycol concentration of 40 % to
protect against freezing at -18 °C. 6. Determine the evaporator pressure drop from water pressure
drop charts in page 12, then multiply it by 1.263 to get the
2. At 40 % glycol: Cap=0.961, Power=0.976, Flow=1.121, pressure drop at 40 % solution.

Operating Limits



 

    
    
     

   
 !!   
#$     
#$*    
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#$
  > 
(1) Refer to performance table of MHP units.
(2) For operating limits, refer to heat exchanger water pressure drop curves.

Application Adjustment Factors


Fouling Factors Altitude Factors
 
  
    
  
    
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 ! 

" #$%*+    
    

G*G *GGG *GGG GG G*J@K *GG
G*G@@ G*J@K G*JJ GG G*JK? *GG
G*K G*J G*J@ @GG G*J@ *GJ
G*? G*J G*J GG G*J? *G?@

Glycol Factors
      
#$ >? >@ > > >??
    G*JJ G*J@ G*JK G*J G*J
Q  G*JJ G*JJ G*J@ G*JK G*J
!   *G? *GG *GK * *K@
YY  *GKG *J *@ *? *?G@

Page 6
Technical Data

6>?@ J! K! Q!


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Z  >[\ < * @*J G*@
Z     >[\GK < *J * J
Z  >[\GK < *K J* *K
Z$!!     
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]Z$ ^   ^   ^  
Z$!    YY     

8


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Z$\   ?G ?G ?G
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(1) Data based on entering / leaving chilled water temperature of 12 / 7 °C and ambient air temperature of 35 °C.

6>!@ J! K! Q!


Z     >[\ < J*J @* ?*
Z  >[\ < * @*J *G
Z     >[\GK < J* K* ??*K
Z  >[\GK < K*G J*J *
Z$!!     
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Z$\   ?G ?G ?G
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(1) Data based on evaporating temperature of 6 °C and ambient air temperature of 35 °C.

Page 7
Technical Data (cont'd)

Y!@ J! K! Q!


Z     >[\ < K* * J*
Z  >[\ < * @*J G*@
Z 
  >[\ < G* J ?*K
Z  >[\ < *J @* G
Z$   !!}   
[\
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Z$!    YY     

8


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Z$\   ?G ?G KG
\ Y  KG GGG KG
Z   < G*K G*K G*KG
Z   ?
KGGG @GG GGG

8
 
Z$] !   *KK *KK *KK
\Y Z$! Y  * *? *?
VX    
Z$   
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+ 



_  ` ` `
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8

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[
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^
 
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{ 
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(1) Data based on entering / leaving chilled water temperature of 12 / 7 °C and ambient air temperature of 35 °C.
(2) Data based on entering / leaving hot water temperature of 40 / 45 °C and ambient air temperature of 7 °C.

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(1) Tolerance on supply voltage: ± 10 %.
(2) The pump is adjusted for operation in cooling mode; in heating mode, the water ∆T will be changed and will be obtained with the following
formula : ∆T = Heating capacity (kW) / [4.186 x Chilled water flow (l/s)].
(3) 1.5 kW motor on MHP units.

Page 8
Performance Data

ALR with HCFC 22


> X# 6 `qV{|6q?|V !V?6|[?V<$=
8 }     Y|X
~
8   K
"#  # !   # !   # !   # !   # !   # ! 
<$=   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 

<*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+=
 K* *? * *@ *J *? *G K*G * K*
 K*K * K*G *J * *? * K* *J K* * K*@
6>? J @* * K* *J *J * *J K* *? K* *@ K*@
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} J*? * @* * K*J * *@ K*? * K*K * @*G
Q J*J * J* * @* * K*? K* * K*@ * @*
 * K*? ?* @*G * @* * J*K G* G*
 * K* * @* ?* @*K *@ J*@ * G*? G* G*
6>? J *J K* *@ @* ?*J @*@ * J*J *K G* *G G*K
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 J*? @*J @* J*@ K*G G* * *@ *? *
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} ?*@ J*? ?* G* ?G* G*J @* *? K* *J * ?*
Q ??*@ J*? ?* G* ?* *G J* * @* ?* K* ?*
Notes :
1) For leaving chilled water temperatures of 4 and 5 °C, use a glycol solution of 10 % and apply the corresponding correction factors (see
page 6).
2) Shaded area: out of operating limit.
3) Performance data above are given for a water ∆T (without glycol) of 5 K.
4) Power input data are given for compressor only.
* Units are equipped with reinforced ventilation, please consult us.

ALP with HCFC 22


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VX # }     Y|X
~
8 "# K
<$=  # !   # !   # !   # !   # !   # ! 
  # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 

<*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+=
 K* * *@ *J * *? * K* * K* *G K*K
 J*G * @*G *J K* * * K* * K* *G K*@
6>!  G* * J*? *G @* * K*? K* *K K* * K*J
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} ?* * * * * * J*@ K* J* K*K @* K*J
 *@ * ?* * *K * * K* G* K*@ J*@ @*G
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 ??*? J* ?* G*G ?G*? G*@ @* * K*G *K *G ?*
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} G* J* ?@* G*? ?*J * ?*? * ??* ?* ?* ?*
 ?* J* G*J G* ?J*? * ?* * ?*? ?* ?*? ?*
Notes :
1) Power input data are given for compressor only.
* Units are equipped with reinforced ventilation, please consult us.

Page 9
Performance Data (cont'd)

MHP with HCFC 22


> X# 6 `qV{|6q?|V !V?6|[?V<$=
  \   K  
8  
"# Y # !  Y # !  Y # !  Y # !  Y # !  Y # ! 
<$=   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 

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Y!  * *? K* * J* * G*K * *@ * * *
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 K*K * J* * G* * * * * *
 J* K* G* K* *? K* ?*J K*
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Y!  * K*? *J K* K* K* J* K* ?* K* ?*@ K*
K!  * @*G *@ @* K*G @* J*G @* ?*G @* ?* @*
 * @*@ *J @*@ @*@ J*G ?*K J*G ??*J J*G
 *K J*@ @* J*J ?* J*J ??* J*J
 * @* ?G*K @* ??*K @*? ?*? @*? G* @* ?*? @*
Y!  * J*G ?G* J*G ??* J* ?*G J* ?J*@ J* *@ J*
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 J*J G*@ ?*J G*@ ?* * ?@*J * *K *
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Notes :
1) Performance data above are given for a water ∆T (without glycol) of 5 K.
2) Shaded area: out of operating limit.
3) Ratings above exclude defrost cycles.
4) Power input data are given for compressor only.

Page 10
Performance Data (cont'd)

ALR with HFC 407C


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8 }     Y|X
~
8   K
"#  # !   # !   # !   # !   # !   # ! 
<$=   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 

<*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+=
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 K* *@ * * *J * *J K*? * K* * K*@
6>? J K*@ *@ K*G *? * *K * K*? *G K* * K*J
J! K @*? *J K* * K*G *K *J K* * K*K *G K*J
} @*J *G @* * K* *@ * K* *G K*@ * @*G
Q J* *G @*K * @*G *J K*G K* * K*@ *G @*
 *G @*G *J @*K * J* G*K G* G* G*
 *@ @* ?* @*@ *@ J*? * G*? G*J G*K G* *
6>? J * @* * @*J ?* J* * G* * G*J G*J *
K! K *? @*? * J*G * J* *@ G* * *G * *?
} K* @*? *J J*G *G J* ?* G*K *J * * *
Q @*G @* *@ J* *J J*K *? G*@ ?*K *? *J *
 @*@ J*@ K* G* * *? *K * *G *J
 J*K J*J @*? G*@ K*? * * * *K ?* *G ?*
6>? J ?G* G*G J* G*J @* * *? *@ * ?*? *@ ?*K
Q! K ?* G* ?G* *G J*G *K K* *J *? ?* * ?*@
} ?* G*? ?*G * J*J *@ @*G ?* K* ?* * *G
Q ??* G* ?*J *? ?G*J *G @*J ?* @* ?*K K*? *
Notes :
1) For leaving chilled water temperatures of 4 and 5 °C, use a glycol solution of 10 % and apply the corresponding correction factors (see
page 6).
2) Shaded area: out of operating limit.
3) Performance data above are given for a water ∆T (without glycol) of 5 K.
4) Power input data are given for compressor only.
* Units are equipped with reinforced ventilation, please consult us.

ALP with HFC 407C


6 `qV{|6q?|V !V?6|[?V<$=
VX # }     Y|X
~
8 "# K
<$=  # !   # !   # !   # !   # !   # ! 
  # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 
   # 

<*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+= <*+=
 K* *K * *? * *@ *G K* ?* K*J ?*G @*
 @*K *@ K* *? * *@ * K*K * @*G *G @*?
6>!  G* *@ @*@ * K*@ *J * K*@ * @* *G @*
J! J * *J G* * J* K*G K* K*J *K @*? * @*
} ?* *J * * G* K* @*K K*J @*G @* K*? @*K
 *K *G ?* * *J K* G* @*G J*? @* @* @*@
 *@ @* ?* @*J *G J* G* G*@ J* *? @*K *K
 *K @* *G J*G ?*K J*K *@ G*J G*J * G* *J
6>!  @*K @* *J J* * J*@ ?* *G * * *K *G
K! J ?G*@ @*? @*J J* K* J*J * * * *? ?*? *K
} ??*G @* ?*G J* J* G*G K*G *? *G *J * *?
 ?* @* ??* J*? ?* G* J*G * K*J *G *J *
 ?G*K J*J @*K G*@ K* * *K ?*G ?* ?* *@ *
 ??*G G*G ?G*J *G J* *@ * ?* * ?*@ * *?
6>!  ?* G* ??* * ?* *G @* ?* K* *G * *
Q! J ?@* G*? ?* *? ??*K * ?G*@ ?* J* *? @* *K
} G*@ G* ?@* * ?* *? ??* ?*K ?*K * ?G* *G
 ?*@ G* *G * ?@*@ * ?* *G ?* *K ?*J *
Notes :
1) Power input data are given for compressor only.
* Units are equipped with reinforced ventilation, please consult us.

Page 11
Heat Exchanger Water Pressure Drop Curves

Curve A : ALR / MHP 06P


Curve B : ALR / MHP 07P & 09P

Water flow rate calculation:

Q × @G
} =
 ∆  × ?GG

with: q m water flow in l/s


P cooling capacity in kW
∆ t water temperature difference in °C

Page 12
Dimensions - ALR/ALP/MHP 06P to 09P - Standard Version

1 Water out (for ALR & MHP with


or without integrated hydraulic
module)

2 Water in (for ALR & MHP with


or without integrated hydraulic
module)

1 In (for ALP)

2 Out (for ALP)

3 12 mm dia. fixing holes (4 nos)

Page 13
Dimensions - ALR/ALP/MHP 06P to 09P with Centrifugal Fan Module

Right hand air discharge

Vertical air discharge

Page 14
Minimum Installation Clearances

When installing the unit, leave enough side clearances for air fan outlet.
entrance to condenser coils and for service and maintenance
works (see figures below). In case that two units are installed side by side or when there are
obstructions such as walls, the side clearance for condenser coil
The minimum clearance above the unit must be 4 meters. The must be doubled to avoid hot air recirculation that will result in a
propeller type condenser fan will not operate with ductwork on the decrease in unit performance and efficiency.

1000

900 900
1000

2000

Page 15
With a concern for a constant improvement, our products can be modified without notice. Photos are not contractual.

Your distributor :

Wesper S.A. - 42 cours Jean Jaurès - 17800 Pons - Tel : +33-5 46 92 33 33 - Fax : +33-5 46 91 26 44 - www.wesper.com