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Rédaction scientifique en

anglais
(PLU6150)

Danielle Buch
daniellehbuch@gmail.com
© Danielle Buch 2015, 2016 – All rights reserved/Tous droits réservés.

V 2.1 Nov. 2016

Plan de cours
1. La communication claire
2. Le manuscrit pour publication dans une
revue scientifique
3. L’abstract
4. Le choix de revue pour publication
5. La lettre de présentation, communiqué
de presse, vulgarisation pour le grand
public

Plan pour aujourd’hui
Abstract
 Ce qui doit apparaitre dans un abstract
 Ce qui n’apparait pas dans l’abstract
 Diff entre structuré et non-structuré
 Optimisation pour recherche électronique
Mots clés (« Keywords »)
Titres
Lay summary
Exercice – 30% de la note

Abstract
Écrit une fois le manuscrit terminé
Peut reprendre les phrases clés du
manuscrit
100, 150, 250, 350, 500 mots max, selon
la revue
Structuré ou non, selon la revue

CONSORT (randomization. if possible Conclusions Emphasize new/important aspects.) (www.icjme. Style – ICJME. AMA Context/background Purpose of study Basic procedures  Study design  Participants  Settings  Measurements  Analytical methods Main findings  Effect size  Statistical AND clinical significance. etc. limitations Clinical trials: Registration number.org) .

double-spaced 150-250 words Minimum  Research topic  Research questions  Participants  Methods  Results  Data analysis  Conclusions No indent – but Keywords is indented (https://owl. Style – APA Single paragraph.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/) .

Style Sentence cannot start with numeral No references Active vs. abbreviations (only if used > 4 x) 3-10 keywords . if any. passive voice Few.

Structured abstract Objectives  background. setting. effect size Conclusions  discussion. intervention. implications . dates. stats. participants. main outcome measure Results  # participants. aims Methods  design.

Unstructured abstract Single paragraph Same information .

) . and preterm iatrogenic delivery for reasons not encountered in both pregnancies. Gazdovich S. extracting information. Preterm birth in twins was strongly associated with preterm birth of the preceding singleton (adjusted OR 3. or defining preterm birth as < 34 or < 37 weeks' gestational age. Chronic or gestational hypertension.98). CONCLUSION: Preterm birth in a previous singleton pregnancy was confirmed as an independent risk factor for preterm birth in a subsequent twin pregnancy. To avoid the effect of confounding factors. Ducruet T. Abstract (Structured) OBJECTIVE: Most studies determining risk of preterm birth in a twin pregnancy subsequent to a previous preterm birth are based on linkage studies or small sample size. we included only women with a preceding singleton pregnancy and excluded twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. Quebec. 95% CI 1. 576 met the inclusion criteria. between 1994 and 2008. RESULTS: Of 1474 twin pregnancies. Of these. (Michaluk A1. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of twin births at a tertiary care centre in Montreal. 2013. fetal chromosomal/structural anomalies.21 to 2.35(9):793-801. close obstetric surveillance of twin pregnancies is warranted. preeclampsia. and insulin- dependent diabetes during the singleton pregnancy did not significantly affect risk. fetal demise. eliminating all known confounders. from patient charts. Until the advent of optimal preventive strategies. Dionne MD.6%) delivered before 37 weeks. inclusion/exclusion of pregnancies following assisted reproduction. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 95% CI 1. We wished to identify recurrent risk factors in a cohort of mothers with a twin pregnancy. 309 (53. The only other risk factors were monochorionic twins (adjusted OR 1. This three-fold increase in risk remained stable regardless of year of birth.23.82. Predicting preterm birth in twin pregnancy: was the previous birth preterm? A Canadian experience.73) and oldest or youngest maternal ages.75 to 5. Leduc L. Buch D. We used multiple regression and sensitivity analyses to determine recurrent risk factors. including chorionicity.

It was hypothesized that those with higher levels of Facebook use would demonstrate more negative relationship outcomes than those with lower use.) . and may be a precursor to further research investigating whether Facebook use attributes to the divorce rate. and that these relationships are indeed mediated by Facebook-related conflict. The results indicate that a high level of Facebook usage is associated with negative relationship outcomes. This series of relationships only holds for those who are. Smith JR. breakup. emotional cheating. (Clayton RB. The study then examined whether these relationships were mediated by Facebook-related conflict. and physical cheating. Abstract (Unstructured) (Psychology – 193 words) The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between using the social networking site known as Facebook and negative interpersonal relationship outcomes. and physical cheating). 2013. and divorce: is Facebook use to blame? Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw.16(10):717-20. Nagurney A. Furthermore. in relatively newer relationships of 3 years or less. the researchers examined length of relationship as a moderator variable in the aforementioned model. emotional cheating. Cheating. or have been. The current study adds to the growing body of literature investigating Internet use and relationship outcomes. A survey of 205 Facebook users aged 18-82 was conducted using a 16- question online survey to examine whether high levels of Facebook use predicted negative relationship outcomes (breakup/divorce.

2015. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. nanosheets.) . which is based on a microscopic oil–water interface trapping mechanism. and type of organic extraction fluids are evaluated. The proposed extraction mechanism is also supported by in situ monitoring of the extraction process. boron nitride nanotubes. and zinc oxide nanowires can be successfully extracted from contaminated water at a successful rate of nearly 100%. 110 words) We demonstrate a universal approach to extract one. boron nitride nanosheets. Hao B. graphene. A Simple and Universal Technique To Extract One.and Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials from Contaminated Water. nanotubes. particle shape. Keywords: water contamination. nanowires (Tiwari B. graphene. Zhang D.and two-dimensional nanomaterials from contaminated water.7(47):26108-16. Results indicate that carbon nanotubes. We believe that this extraction approach will prove important for the purification of water contaminated by nanoparticles and will support the widespread adoption of nanomaterial applications. The effects of surfactants. Lee CH. Yap YK. Abstract (Unstructured) (Chemistry. Winslow D. water purification.

considered epilepsy contagious. respectively. 63% of parents with an affected child reported consulting a traditional healer as first- line management for epilepsy. Interviewees were mostly mothers in their 30s. Diallo LL. 7. Diaconu V. 80% had not completed high school. Abstract (Structured) PURPOSE: In Mali. Hassane S. 69% thought that it inevitably led to psychosis. would intervene. misconceptions prevailed. half of whom had epilepsy.) . respectively. RESULTS: In total. The objective of this study was to assess parental beliefs and attitudes in families with and without affected children. respectively. 29% attributed epilepsy to supernatural causes.5% and 21%.33:115-21. 2014. would wet the patient's face with cool water. Control families with other affected children were excluded and families with an affected patient were counted only once. Finally. Kissani N. Carmant L. respectively. 43% vs. (Maiga Y. at Mali's largest hospital. 94% of parents with an affected child and 49% of parents without an affected child. About 22% of parents without an affected child had witnessed a seizure. including traditional healers. Albakaye M. Cissoko Y. perhaps more so than in families without epilepsy: 79% and 66% of parents. lived in rural environments. Epilepsy Behav. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates widespread misconceptions in Mali regarding epilepsy. Perceptions and attitudes have not seemingly evolved with advancing medical knowledge. Buch D. Our findings argue for more education initiatives focused on the entire population. During a seizure. epilepsy affects 15 individuals per thousand. and improve quality of life for individuals living with epilepsy. Current beliefs and attitudes regarding epilepsy in Mali. and 53% vs. Traoré B. to provide knowledge. Although parents with an affected child had more intimate knowledge of seizures. 67% and 24% of families with and without epilepsy. Kayentoa K. We conducted semi-structured interviews with the accompanying parent. reduce stigma. Clare McCaughey K. Diakite S. METHODS: We enrolled 720 pediatric patients.

and theophylline) indicative of stimulant drinks. The results have implications for economic and social relations among North American populations. cacao. 750-1400. holly. theobromine. Abstract (Unstructured) (Anthropology – 100 words) Chemical analyses of organic residues in fragments of pottery from 18 sites in the US Southwest and Mexican Northwest reveal combinations of methylxanthines (caffeine. ritual gatherings. As with populations located throughout much of North and South America. The results cover a time period from around A. et al. Ritual drinks in the pre-Hispanic US Southwest and Mexican Northwest. 2015. and a spatial distribution from southern Colorado to northern Chihuahua. groups in the US Southwest and Mexican Northwest likely consumed stimulant drinks in communal. KEYWORDS: US Southwest/Mexican Northwest. archaeology.112(37):11436-42.) . Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. ritual drinks (Crown PL. Hurst WJ.D. Gu J. probably concocted using either cacao or holly leaves and twigs.

Participants had to be at least 18 years old. Dermatol Surg. (Liszewski W. and trust among people with tattoos. Helland S.2% had a history of an infected tattoo. Abstract (Structured) (Cross-sectional survey.9% believe dermatologists are knowledgeable about the infectious and allergic complications of tattoos. et al. and 21. 2015. 3. and reside within the United States.) . 21. for dermatologists to manage these complications. and Unsafe Tattooing Practices: A Cross-Sectional Study. The Demographics and Rates of Tattoo Complications. and the demographics of people with tattoos. OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of infectious and allergic complications after tattooing. 16. have at least 1 tattoo.2% are interested in having 1 or more tattoos removed. the perception of dermatologists among people with tattoos.8% had a history of a painful tattoo. CONCLUSION: Given the rates of pruritic tattoos and tattoo regret.41(11):1283-9. 208 words) BACKGROUND: Tattoos have become increasingly common in the United States. 501 participants from 38 American states were enrolled.2% had a history of a pruritic tattoo.2% received a tattoo while intoxicated and 17. Of all participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An 18-question cross-sectional survey was fielded in New Orleans in January 2015. there are limited data on the rates of tattoo complications and tattoo regret. 3. Regret. rates of tattoo regret. and 78. there is an opportunity.2% of participants regret a current tattoo and 21. Kream E.6% had a tattoo placed somewhere other than at a tattoo parlor. RESULTS: In total. however.

we retrieved 102 articles and found 14 additional studies. few develop JoRRP and the clinical course of the disease varies from one child to another. Depending on ethnicity. (Niyibizi J. Methods: We conducted a comprehensive literature search in EMBASE. Risk factors for the development and severity of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: a systematic review. We retained 32 studies meeting inclusion criteria. Trottier H. Wassef M. Although many newborns are likely exposed to HPV. MEDLINE and EBMR databases using various combinations of keywords related to JoRRP etiology. This systematic review seeks to provide an up-to-date understanding of the risk factors for acquisition and severity. risk factors and severity. We also searched Google Scholar and the reference lists of eligible studies. All were observational and together included 2296 JoRRP cases. Rodier C. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. Our search was limited to original studies published in French or English between 1995 and July 2012 and to patients under 20 years of age. Risk factors could be classified mainly as maternal and birth history. Results: Of 1362 citations. and host factors. HPV-11 genotype and younger age at onset of JoRRP were important predictors of severity. preventing condylomas in women of childbearing age could reduce the burden of this life-threatening disease. specific human leukocyte antigen class II alleles and immune response factors were important determinants of JoRRP acquisition and severity. viral genotype. Abstract (Structured) (Systematic review) Objectives: Juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JoRRP) is a rare yet aggressive disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV).) .78(2):186-97. Thus. A history of genital warts during pregnancy and delivery was strongly linked to the development of JoRRP. 2014. Conclusions: Genetic and immunological profiles underlying the acquisition and clinical course are not readily modifiable.

is associated with increased risk to develop obesity. data from several epidemiological studies have found that consumption of NNSs. Three potential mechanisms. if any. data support the notion that NNSs have metabolic effects. Physiol Behav. (Pepino MY. and type 2 diabetes. More research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms by which NNSs may drive metabolic dysregulation and better understand potential effects of these commonly used food additives. calories. Metabolic effects of non-nutritive sweeteners. might promote metabolic dysregulation. which are not mutually exclusive. are presented: 1) NNSs interfere with learned responses that contribute to control glucose and energy homeostasis. Taken as a whole. the general belief was that non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) were healthy sugar substitutes because they provide sweet taste without calories or glycemic effects. and 3) NNSs interact with sweet-taste receptors expressed throughout the digestive system that play a role in glucose absorption and trigger insulin secretion. The main purpose of this article is to review recent scientific evidence supporting potential mechanisms that explain how "metabolically inactive" NNSs. which have few. mainly in diet sodas. However. 2) NNSs interfere with gut microbiota and induce glucose intolerance.152(Pt B):450-5. Abstract (Unstructured) (Narrative review) Until recently. In addition. 2015. recent findings from our laboratory showing an association between individual taste sensitivity to detect sucralose and sucralose's acute effects on metabolic response to an oral glucose load are reported.) . metabolic syndrome.

concrete . Reducing Word Count Look up Author Guidelines for journal Enter all necessary information Follow plain language principles Omit unnecessary words Verify computer Word Count Repeat 3C’s – clear. concise.

 The increase was significantly higher in Group 2 (y% vs. Reducing word count – Examples From the years 2000 until 2015  .1 years. . The mean age was 12 ± 2. x%. respectively. 2000-2015 …increased by x% in Group 1 and by y% in Group 2. P = 0.035) Participants  From March 2000-June 2015. we enrolled 41 of 53 eligible participants. including 13 boys. The difference between groups was statistically significant.

. We evaluated the efficacy and biocompatibility of evaluate . investigate We investigated the behavior of . (www. . We determined the complete nucleotide determine sequence of . We calculated the photoluminescence spectrum calculate of . s: compare We compared the effects of . implement We implemented a genetic algorithm for . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . measure . . . . explore We explored the relationship between . . model We modeled the diffraction behavior of . design We designed a series of experiments to . . assess We assessed the effects of larger doses of . .com/scitable/ebooks/english-communication-for-scientists-14053993/118519636#headerAndCitation) . compute We computed the velocity predicted by .nature. We measured the concentration of cadmium in . Verbs – Research Actions apply We applied Laklöter's principle to . . develop We developed a new algorithm to . . . . . to those of . . derive We derived a new set of rules for . .

. . . This paper provides the complete provide framework and . Verbs – Communication Actions clarify This paper clarifies the role of soils in . . . This paper summarizes our results for 27 summarize patients with . . present This paper presents the results of .. . . . This paper reports on our progress so far report . This paper proposes a set of guidelines proposes for . . . . . ..nature. This paper details the algorithm used for detail . (www. This paper describes the mechanism by describe which .. .. . This paper explains how the new explain encoding scheme .com/scitable/ebooks/english-communication-for-scientists-14053993/118519636#headerAndCitation) . This paper offers four recommendations offer for . This paper discusses the influence of discuss acidity on . . .

selon la revue (instructions pour auteurs) . Keywords 3-10.

com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828012.wiley.html) . Optimization Clear descriptive title Title contains the most important words relating to topic Abstract contains 2-3 different keyword phrases Good flow in title and abstract – “write for readers not robots” (http://olabout.

73) and oldest or youngest maternal ages. RESULTS: Of 1474 twin pregnancies. We used multiple regression and sensitivity analyses to determine recurrent risk factors. fetal chromosomal/structural anomalies. Ducruet T. Buch D. fetal demise.21 to 2. close obstetric surveillance of twin pregnancies is warranted.35(9):793-801. 309 (53. 2013. extracting information. Until the advent of optimal preventive strategies. Dionne MD. preeclampsia. 576 met the inclusion criteria. and preterm iatrogenic delivery for reasons not encountered in both pregnancies. Predicting preterm birth in twin pregnancy: was the previous birth preterm? A Canadian experience. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. We wished to identify recurrent risk factors in a cohort of mothers with a twin pregnancy.82. Preterm birth in twins was strongly associated with preterm birth of the preceding singleton (adjusted OR 3.75 to 5. CONCLUSION: Preterm birth in a previous singleton pregnancy was confirmed as an independent risk factor for preterm birth in a subsequent twin pregnancy. This three-fold increase in risk remained stable regardless of year of birth. from patient charts. including chorionicity. inclusion/exclusion of pregnancies following assisted reproduction. and insulin- dependent diabetes during the singleton pregnancy did not significantly affect risk. (Michaluk A1. eliminating all known confounders. Quebec. we included only women with a preceding singleton pregnancy and excluded twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. The only other risk factors were monochorionic twins (adjusted OR 1. Abstract – Optimization OBJECTIVE: Most studies determining risk of preterm birth in a twin pregnancy subsequent to a previous preterm birth are based on linkage studies or small sample size. Gazdovich S. between 1994 and 2008. Of these. 95% CI 1. or defining preterm birth as < 34 or < 37 weeks' gestational age.98). 95% CI 1.6%) delivered before 37 weeks. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of twin births at a tertiary care centre in Montreal.) . To avoid the effect of confounding factors. Leduc L.23. Chronic or gestational hypertension.

Abstract – Optimization PURPOSE: In Mali. respectively. perhaps more so than in families without epilepsy: 79% and 66% of parents. Current beliefs and attitudes regarding epilepsy in Mali. and improve quality of life for individuals living with epilepsy. Finally. Carmant L. and 53% vs. Clare McCaughey K. 43% vs. Perceptions and attitudes have not seemingly evolved with advancing medical knowledge. 2014. Traoré B. considered epilepsy contagious. half of whom had epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. including traditional healers. 69% thought that it inevitably led to psychosis. During a seizure. Diakite S. 7. Kissani N. 80% had not completed high school. Cissoko Y. Control families with other affected children were excluded and families with an affected patient were counted only once. 94% of parents with an affected child and 49% of parents without an affected child. RESULTS: In total. would intervene. respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates widespread misconceptions in Mali regarding epilepsy. reduce stigma.33:115-21. lived in rural environments. Kayentoa K. Diaconu V. Our findings argue for more education initiatives focused on the entire population. would wet the patient's face with cool water. Albakaye M. Diallo LL.5% and 21%. 29% attributed epilepsy to supernatural causes. The objective of this study was to assess parental beliefs and attitudes in families with and without affected children.) . at Mali's largest hospital. 63% of parents with an affected child reported consulting a traditional healer as first- line management for epilepsy. to provide knowledge. Interviewees were mostly mothers in their 30s. Although parents with an affected child had more intimate knowledge of seizures. misconceptions prevailed. About 22% of parents without an affected child had witnessed a seizure. Hassane S. epilepsy affects 15 individuals per thousand. Buch D. 67% and 24% of families with and without epilepsy. METHODS: We enrolled 720 pediatric patients. respectively. (Maiga Y. We conducted semi-structured interviews with the accompanying parent. respectively.

wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828012.html) . Abstract – Optimization (http://olabout.

Titre Sert à choisir réviseurs (avec l’abstract) Capte l’attention du lecteur (et de l’éditeur de la revue ciblée) Sert à la recherche électronique Inclut max mots clés Est clair.com/getpublished/writing-resources/writing-titles-and-abstracts) .biomedcentral. bref Est simple pour lecteur non spécialisé Mentionne l’espèce (recherche fondamentale) Mentionne devis d’importance (ex : RCT. spécifique. revue) Max 12-16 mots (varie selon revue) Style varie selon la revue ciblée – voir d’abord Table des matières (www.

O. I. Outcome. Titre PICOS: P. pas d’abréviations. Study Design APA – pas plus de 12 mots. C. Comparison. jusqu’à 2 lignes . S. Intervention. Population ou Patient.

Artificial sweeteners induce glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiota. . Title – Examples Risk factors for the development and severity of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: A systematic review.

Development of the Adolescent Cancer Suffering Scale. Current beliefs and attitudes regarding epilepsy in Mali. . Title – Examples Predicting preterm birth in twin pregnancy: was the previous birth preterm? A Canadian experience.

Title Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor-2 Contributes to the Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor-Induced Neuronal Differentiation in Canine Bone Marrow Stromal Cells via Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase/Akt Signaling Pathway. What’s wrong? (PLOSONE) .

Title Mandatory trans fat labeling regulations and nationwide product reformulations to reduce trans fatty acid content in foods contributed to lowered concentrations of trans fat in Canadian women’s breast milk samples collected in 2009– 20111–3. 2014. What’s wrong? (Am J Clin Nutr.100(4):1036-40) .

Title The Effect of Cigarette Smoke Exposure on the Development of Inflammation in Lungs. Shorten? (PLOSONE) . Gut and Joints of TNF∆ARE Mice.

and Unsafe Tattooing Practices: A Cross-Sectional Study. Shorten? (Dermatol Surg) . Regret. Title The Demographics and Rates of Tattoo Complications.

No. Annex V) – “understandable to lay persons” . 536/2014. Lay summary Also called Lay abstract CIHR-IRSC European clinical trials (European Clinical Trial Regulation.

536/2014. title. reasons Participants – sample size by country. Sponsor Objectives. sites. age. etc. inclusion/exclusion criteria Investigational products Adverse events and frequency Trial results Comments Follow-up trials Sources for additional information (European Clinical Trial Regulation. sex. Lay summary Requirements for European clinical trial results Identification – trial and protocol numbers. No. Annex V) .

ca/e/39625. Lay summary Canadian Institutes of Health Research – Instituts de recherche en santé du Canada (CIHR-IRSC) To inform public and Parliament about research supported through public funds Published on website Shared with media Requirement “Accessible to a lay audience” (Plain language) Benefits of study (www.gc.html#t2) .cihr-irsc.

elsevier.com/jpeds/img/Guidelines_for_Reviewers. importance Abstract – reflète-t-il bien l’étude? Dans les limites établies par instructions pour auteurs (Guidelines for reviewing manuscripts for Journal of Pediatrics: http://ees.pdf) . Ce que les réviseurs recherchent Originalité.

nature.english.amamanualofstyle. 2016: www. 2014.yk. NY: Oxford University Press.html.biomedcentral.org  Tutorials: www.org/learn/tutorials  Corrected Sample Papers: supp. Scitable.apastyle.pdf  OWL: https://owl. The abstract: www.purdue. References for Abstracts Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: www.org AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. 2010: www. Wiley Author Services.wiley.edu/owl/resource/560/01/  APA 6th Edition Quick Reference. BioMed Central. July 2009.edu/learncenter/apa-july-09.icmje.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828012. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.org/style/PM6E-Corrected-Sample-Papers. 10th ed.psu. 2016: http://olabout.apa. New York.apastyle.com/scitable/ebooks/english- communication-for-scientists-14053993/118519636#headerAndCitation. Writing titles and abstracts. 2007: www. 6th ed. Nature Education. . Optimizing Your Article for Search Engines.com APA.com/getpublished/writing- resources/writing-titles-and-abstracts.org/checklists/view/32-consort/67- abstract. Penn State.consort-statement.. York: www2.pdf CONSORT extension for abstracts: www.

Conclusion . Exercise From the following article. Methods. Results. write: A structured abstract of 250 words Author guidelines  Double-spaced  Times New Roman 12-pt  Left-justified  3-10 keywords  Optimized for keywords  Headings: Objectives.

Semaine prochaine Le choix de revue Vincent Larivière École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l'information. UdeM Chaire de recherche du Canada sur les transformations de la communication savante .

Questions? © Danielle Buch 2015. 2016 – All rights reserved/Tous droits réservés.1 Nov 2016 . V 2.