This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
very close to ( something happening )- on the edge of sth 5. decided he wanted very much – set one’s heart on sth 6.suddenly and with no reason – on a whim 2.Phrasal verbs turn down – reject “ Have you ever been turned down (rejected) for a course or job?” go on to – continue with “Would you like to go on to (continue with) another course after this one?” pluck up – force yourself to have the courage “Have you ever had to puck up (force yourself to have) the courage” start off – make begin “How did the teacher start (make) this course off (begin)?” miss out on – not had a chance to do sth “Have you ever missed out on (not had a chance to do) something?” bounce back – recover quickly “If you have a problem, do you find it easy to bounce back (recover quickly)?” make up for – compensate for (to do sth that correct a bad situation) “How would you make up for (compensate for) forgetting a friend’s birthday?” 3. collocation: verb + noun 1. achieve a goal / a target / an ambition 2. take a risk / the plunge / a chance 3. gather / collect / come across information 4. spend / kill / take time 5. contract malaria / hepatitis / pneumonia 6. make decisions / sacrifices / mistakes 4.Collocation; adjectives + nouns A open sheltered ideal positive personal real future survival N mind ‘When traveling, it is important to keep an open mind and not prejudge people. upbringing ‘People who have had sheltered upbringing are often shocked at how hard life is for some people.’ way ‘Working abroad is an ideal way to learn about a country’ outlook ‘People with positive outlook on life tend to be healthier.’ goal ‘I’ve finally achieved my personal goal of visiting every European capital city.’ world ‘Now I’ve finished university , I’ve got to go into the real world.’ generations ‘The world is changing fast , and tradition may be lost to future generations.’ skills ‘Before traveling in a remote area, it is important to learn basic survival skills.’ (win a prize) (to be in danger) (no backache) ( take a notice)
5.words and phrases • • • • • • • A few years ago I was stuck in a dead-end job and started thinking about going to college. I’d left school at 18 and hadn’t go on to higher education, so I felt as though I had missed out on student life. I’m not the sort of person who does something on a whim, so I spent months gathering information about different courses. First, I applied to do a fashion course, but I was turned down flat. Eventually I set my heart on becoming a potter and I finally pluck up the courage to apply. Going to college was tough financially, and I had to sacrifices such as selling my car. However four years on, I have my business and I’m glad I finally achieved a goal.
TEXT p.9 vocab and phrases backpack (v)- to go walking or traveling with your clothes, etc. in a backpack go backpacking ‘We went backpacking round Europe last summer' ► uprawiać turustykę górską z plecakiem sheltered (adj.) – protected from unpleasant things in your life: ‘A sheltered childhood’ ► bezpieczny upbringing (n) – the treatment and education one receives as a child, esp. from parents ► wychowanie grant (n)- money that is given (by the government) for a particular purpose ‘A student grant’ ► dofinansowanie, stypendium, subwencja. put forward (v) – to suggest something. scheme (n)– a clever plan to do something ►project, plan retrace (v) – to repeat a past journey, series of event: ‘I retraced my steps in an attempt to find my wallet' ►(wrócić tą samą drogą), odtwarzać coś undertake (v)- to agree or promise to do something ►podejmować się; - to carry out ► przeprowadzać contract (v) – to get an illness or disease whet (v)- to make sb want more of sth ‘It had whetted my appetite for travel’ ► zaostrzyć whet someone's appetite to increase someone's interest in and desire for something, usually by giving them a small experience of it: I've read an excerpt of the book on the Web and it's whetted my appetite. That one kiss had whetted his appetite. ► zaostrzyć apetyt cut sb/sth short – to interrupt: ‘My visit had to be cut short’ ► przerywać komuś, skracać,ucinać deprivation (n) – when you do not have things or conditions that are usually considered necessary for a pleasant life: 'There were food shortages and other deprivations during the Civil War. ' ► ubóstwo, pozbawienie, niedostatek
bounce back (phr v) – to recover from a failure, disappointment, etc. and return quickly to your normal life with the same energy, as before ►pozbierać się, wracać do normy [my tendency to bounce back] stems from the time ►wywodzi się , bierze się z okresu, kiedy… pluck up the courage- to try to be brave enough to do sth ► zbierać się na odwagę take the plunge – to decide to do sth difficult after thinking about it for quite a long time ► podejmować stanowczy krok (po długim namysle) embark on sth (phr v) – to start sth set your heart on sth; have your heart set on sth – to decide you want sth very much; to be determined to do or have sth ►pragnąć czegoś z całej duszy whim (n) – a sudden idea or desire to do sth ‘I decided on a whim’ p.16 Vocab. Adjectives ‘»’ – synonyms
assertive –expressing your opinion clearly and firmly so that people listen to you and take notice of you; showing a strong and confident personality ►stanowczy » aggressive, assured, authoritative, bold, confident, decided, decisive, forceful, dogmatic, self-assured. creative – able to create things, usually in a imaginative way. ‘A creative imagination’. » artistic, clever, imaginative, inspired, inventive, original, productive, resourceful, talented. decisive² - having or showing the ability to decide quickly. ‘A decisive person, answer, manner’. » determined, firm, forceful, incisive, resolute, strong-minded ►zdecydowany, stanowczy decisive¹ - producing a particular or definite result or conclusion; making sth certain or final ► decydujący ‘Decisive evidence’ »conclusive, convincing, crucial, final, influential, positive, significant. efficient – able to work well and without wasting time or resources, competent ‘An efficient worker’ »able, capable, competent, cost-effective, economic, effective, effectual, impressive, productive, proficient, successful, thrifty, useful. energetic – full of or done with energy. ‘An energetic child.’ »active, animated, brisk, dynamic, enthusiastic, fat, forceful, hard-working, high-powered, indefatigable, lively, powerful, quick-moving, tireless, vigorous. fair-minded – fair in judgment, treats people in a reasonable and equal way. »disinterested, honest, honourable, impartial, just, lawful, right, unbiased, unprejudiced, flexible – easily changed to suit new condition, willing and able to change to suit different circumstances, 2.that can bend easily without breaking. ‘A flexible person’ » accommodating, adaptable, amenable, compliant, open-minded, responsive, tractable, willing to please. friendly – (to sb) behaving in a kind and pleasant way; acting like a friend; showing or expressing kindness and helpful attitude; not enemies; not seriously competitive(a friendly argument). »conciliatory (pojednawczy), attached (przywiązany),,good-natured, helpful, hospitable, intimate, kind, warm, welcoming, sociable
gregarious–liking to be with other people, prefers to be with other people rather than alone. (2.of animals- living in groups or communities) »sociable, friendly, hospitable, outgoing, warm, welcoming patient – having or showing patience. » accommodating, calm, easygoing, mild, quiet, tolerant persistent – refusing to give up; continuing without interruption(persistent rain, noise);occurring frequently (persistent attack of coughing) ‘A persistent cold’ »chronic, constant, continuous, endless, eternal, everlasting, interminable, long-lasting, never-ending, permanent, recurring, repeated, persistent worker - continues to do sth, even it’s difficult. »determined, dogged, hard-working, indefatigable, patient, persevering, resolute, steady, tireless resilient – (of a person) quickly recovering from shock, injury, depression; is able to get over problems and difficulties quickly. »adaptable, strong, tough, (of animals, plants) quickly recovering from injury, damage: ‘Rubber is a resilient material’ » bouncy, elastic, firm, plastic, rubbery(gumowy), springy, supple sensible - having or showing the ability to think or act in a reasonable way; having or showing good judgment; is reasonable, practical and able to judge things well ►rozsądny »intelligent, logical, rational, realistic, reasonable, wise sensitive -easily offended or emotionally upset »emotional, hypersensitive, thin-skinned, touchy; is able to understand other people’s feeling and problems. ►czuły, wrażliwy; drażliwy tactful - careful not to say or do things that could offend people; ‘is careful not to say anything that will upset or embarrass others’ » delicate, discreet, judicious, polite, sensitive, considerate(dlikatny, troskliwy) ►taktowny. tolerant - having or showing tolerance; allows people to do or say what they want, without punishing or criticizing them »charitable, easygoing, fair, forgiving, generous, liberal, open-minded ,understanding, unprejudiced, willing to forgive. p.22 Module 1 Review 1. Being quite resilient, I quickly got over the shock. 2. Having set her heart on university, she’d be upset if she didn’t get in. 3. He’s very optimistic person with a very positive outlook on life. 4. Do you know anywhere where I can get hold of a decent guidebook? 5. After working for ten years, I took the plunge and went back to college. 6. He’s a bit timid and hasn’t yet plucked up the courage to apply for the job.\ 7. He spends most of his spare time with his nose stuck in a book. 8. Losing the election was a serious setback in his career. 9. We decided on a whim to fly to New York, but we couldn’t get a flight. 10. I bought a new dress to make up for not getting the job!
Page 24-25 The inexplcable intimate - adj having, or being likely to cause, a very close friendship or personal relationship: intimate relationships The restaurant has a very intimate atmosphere. He's become very intimate with an actress. A highly intimate theatrical performance. intimacy (n)- the intimacy of a small room. ►intymność; zażyłość; zbliżenie conjuror ,conjurer, (n)-a person who performs magic to entertain people. inch (v) [+ adverb or preposition] - to move very slowly or in a lot of short stages: We are inching towards an agreement. Share prices inched up/higher during the day. Residents watched the flames inch closer and closer. eager (adj)-wanting very much to do or have something, especially something interesting or enjoyable: the children's eager faces She sounded very eager to meet you. ► pragnący, ochoczy, gorliwy win sb over/round phrasal verb [M] to persuade someone to support you or agree with you, often when they were opposed to you before: He's not sure about the idea at the moment, but I'm sure we'll win him over in the end. inexplicable (adj) unable to be explained or understood: For some inexplicable reason, he's decided to cancel the project. strike a chord (with sb) - to say or do something that makes other people feel sympathy, excitement, etc: The party's policy on childcare facilities has struck a responsive chord with women voters. Her speech struck a sympathetic chord among business leaders. ►uderzyć w czyjąś czułą, wrażliwą strunę. 2 If something strikes a chord, it causes people to remember something else because it is similar to it. Page 26 vocabulary 1.Lucrative- adj -(especially of a business, job or activity) producing a lot of money: The magic trade is clearly highly lucrative. 2.Well-paid- adj -►dobrze płatny (zawód), dobrze opłacany (pracownik) For two years, he had a well-paid job performing in Las Vegas. 3.number-1) symbol that indicates a quantity► liczba 2) group of number that is used to identify sb/sth ►numer Nobody has told him the number to dial. 4.digit –[C] any of the number from 0-9► cyfra, liczba jednocyfrowa A bank security PIN is usually a four-digit code. 5. see – to look at, to watch It was impossible to see how he was doing it. 6. visualize- to imagine or have a picture of sb/sth in your mind . He asked me to visualize a wonderful holiday. 7. intimate- small and personal (also) It happens in the middle of a highly intimate theatrical performance. 8. close- (NEAR) adj, adv, not distant in position or time:used about friend –known very well and liked: The partnership between magician and his assistant is very close.
deceive (verb) sb/yourself (into doing sth) – to try to make somebody believe something that is not true. Don't be deceived by his charms (nie daj się zwieść jego wdziękom. zdjęcia kombinowane trick (verb) [T] to deceive someone. he said. it is difficult to deal with and needs careful attention or skill: Those bird models are quite tricky to make.► zdjęcia trikowe. He deceived his mother into believing (oszukał matke tak. or as a joke or form of entertainment: trick photography .2. ► oszustwo deceitful (adjective) . to trick: The company deceived customers by selling old computers as new ones. zwodniczy. When the newspapers published the full story.an action which is intended to deceive. to keep the truth hidden from someone for your own advantage. deceive yourself -to refuse to accept the truth: She thinks he'll come back.dishonest and intending to make somebody believe something that is not true: deceitful behaviour ► oszukańczy. ► Naciągać kogoś na coś Magicians are essentially trying to trick us into thinking something supernatural is going on. efekty specjalne. The sound of the door closing deceived me into thinking they had gone out.whatever I do I'll offend someone.) ►oszukiwać. to persuade someone that something false is the truth. . ► łudzić się deceit (noun) [C or U] -(an act of) keeping the truth hidden. claiming that he would invest it for her. 1 tricky (adjective )likely to deceive people ► podstępny 2 tricky (adjective) If a piece of work or problem is tricky. aren't they? I'm in a bit of a tricky situation really . że umierzyła) that he hadn't stolen the money. all his earlier deceits were revealed. especially to get an advantage: The story is about theft. either as a way of cheating someone. had resorted to political trickery in their attempts to retain power. kłamliwy deceitfully (adverb) – ►oszukańczo. wprowadzać w błąd. trickery (noun) the use of a trick (podstęp) in order to deceive somebody. zwodzić. but she's deceiving herself. ► oszustwo trickster (noun ) a person who deceives people : a confidence trickster ► oszust. trudny deceive (verb)1. often as a part of a plan: Dean tricked the old lady into giving him eight hundred pounds. The government. naciągacz.verbs trick (act of deceiving) noun . ► zawiły. fraud and deceit on an incredible scale. trudny. zwodniczo deceitfulness (noun) [U] ► zwodniczość.
Don’t do business with Angelo. ►oszust 2 [S] something dishonest which makes people believe that something is true when it is not: You can use cocoa powder to make the cake rather than chocolate .deception (noun) [C or U] -when people hide the truth. especially to get an advantage: He was found guilty of obtaining money by deception . he/she will automatically fail.The photograph is supposed to show a ghost. ► wprowadzenie w błąd. Ex. I suspect he cheats the taxman (= avoids paying taxes by using illegal methods). (kłamliwy) 7. mylący złudny deceptively (adverb) She made the task sound deceptively easy.from the outside the building looks small. He cheats at cards? She cheated in the test by copying from the boy in front. It's much deeper than it looks. but inside it's quite big.it's a bit of a cheat. zwodniczo deceptiveness -(noun) [U]► złudność. oszustwa) 8.The images they create look very real. in exams./trick (sztuczka) 5.Some effects are quite complex. 2.Cheating in athletics is becoming more and more common as more athletes take drugs to improve their performance. in business *If candidate cheats in the exam and is found out. ►oszukiwać cheat –noun 1[C] a person who behaves in a dishonest way: Trouble broke out in the match when one of the players called a member of the other team a cheat.I trusted him totally. ► pozornie. deceptiveness of human plans► zawodność ludzkich planów cheat -verb [I or T] -to behave in a dishonest way in order to get what you want: Anyone caught cheating will be immediately disqualified from the exam. so I didn’t see through his lies and deceptions for a long time. (pozornie łatwe). but I’m sure it’s just a trickery.Film makers use a lot of trick photography to create special effects. while others are deceptively simple. The plan seemed deceptively simple (= It seemed simple but was not in fact). (oszukiwanie) . (oszust) 6. telling one lie after another. but appearances can be deceptive.(mylące) 4. he is a cheat and liar. he has been sly (przebiegły) and deceitful. 3. but nobody notices the difference. podstęp deceptive (adjective) – likely to give a false impression or making you believe something that is not true: The water is deceptive. (podstepy.B 1. ► zwodniczy. ►oszustwo Cheat / on wife Cheat / in sport.In this dealings with me. It's deceptive .
she clutched (onto) her mother's hand.to have or cause an uncomfortable feeling on the skin which makes you want to rub it with your nails: I can't wear wool . you add it or remove it by scratching: People have been scratching their names on this rock for years.held. ►nacisnąć push (move forcefully) He pushed it open and went inside. held .He pressed the doorbell.Ways of touching rub . kurczowe chwytanie grip (hold) verb -pp. and often repeatedly. touch (move hand) He touched the cup and it was still warm. it won't bite.He rubbed the back of his neck as he waited ► trzeć. ► porwać. ► chwytać. schwycić. I could hear him tapping his fingers on the desk. . chwytać. clutch (hold) verb -to take or try to take hold of something tightly. ► drapać press (push) . uchwycić. ► klepać. scratch (cut) –when you have an itch or are thinking. ściskać itch -verb .to hold very tightly: The baby gripped my finger with her tiny hand. squeeze-to press something firmly. hold (keep)verb . He scratched his head.1 to keep something. ►cios pięścią: grasp (HOLD)verb [T] 1 to quickly take something in your hand(s) and hold it firmly: Rosie suddenly grasped my hand. ►pogłaskać feel –He could felt a vibration. ► swędzieć slap -verb [T] -pp. He tapped on the window to attract attention.to hit something gently. anxiety or pain: Silent and pale. ► mocne chwytanie. trzepnąć. usually in fear. especially when it might have been lost: In his hand he was holding the search warrant. He stroked its rough fur. ► poklepać stroke – tough animal’s fur.to take hold of something or someone suddenly and roughly: A mugger grabbed her handbag as she was walking across the park. spoliczkować grab (take with hand) verb [I or T] -bb. Stroke the dog if you like. especially making short sharp noises: (usually with fingers) The branches tapped against the window. trying to work out what had happened.to touch someone or something gently and usually repeatedly with the hand flat: I bent down to pat the little puppy. ocierać tap -pp. 1 [I or T] to cut or damage a surface or your skin slightly with or on something sharp or rough: 2 [T] If you scratch something on or off a surface. pat (touch)verb [T] -tt. She slapped him across the face.it makes me itch. punch-a forceful hit with a fist: She gave him a punch UK on/US in the nose.to hit someone with the flat part of the hand or other flat object: She slapped his face.
Actually. Two per cent is a small pay rise.in general) never win very much. other people. Many people (people are countable) try their luck on the lottery. Most people ( most. What's the cause of your success? His mobile phone rang unexpectedly. Who made all this mess on the floor? There's always someone who's available to help. some of my luggage came open and some of my belongings are missing. Who is responsible for this mess on the floor? There's always someone on hand to help. What do you attribute your success to? His mobile phone went off unexpectedly. 7. 4. a few ( a few. 2. and I expect at least 80 per sent of the staff are going to go on strike. 4. 5. ( much=money U) 3. 2. maths was my favourite subject and athletics was my least favourite. 8. I'm quite superstitious. 9. Module 2: Review p. plural or uncountable. There hasn't been an accident yet – luckily! Many young people feel his films say things that are familiar and true. Recently. A number of coincidences have been noted. . He's very positive about his job. He's got a very good attitude to his work. Most people hear about the shows informally from Most people hear about the shows by word of mouth.38 Her films seem simple but they aren't. 1. Her films are deceptively simple. The police have not charged the suspect because there isn’t any evidence. 3. I’ve tried and failed many (need of after lots ) times myself. The number of lucky escapes has increased year on year.negative. Determiners. Politics isn’t a subject that most people enjoy studying. some good advice is: stay in a bed and drink lots of fluids.Page 35 Singular. There hasn't been an accident yet – touch wood! Many young people feel his films strike a chord. Four days is a long time to wait for an appointment. If you think you are getting the/Ø flu. a significant number) of my colleagues and I formed a lottery syndicate. At school. dismissive) chance of us winning the jackpot. I'm quite superstitious. 1. On the flight home. His films strike a chord with many young people. pronouns and quantifiers.positive . But there’s little (little. 6. As a matter of fact. 5.
regardless of their ethnic origins. 4. usually because they are very awkward or clumsy ► mający szczęście do wypadków. 4. 7. 12.There's no logical explanation for what happened. pechowiec 3. 5. most of whom think of it as a gift.to confuse someone or cause problem for them haughty (adj) unfriendly and seeming to consider yourself better than other people. 2.I didn't like his show at first. I need to know. [+ to infinitive] As a child. 11. it's called a leap year. T] to move about or travel. 6. 1.'Out of body' experiences are experiences in which people feel they are outside their bodies looking at the world. 3.Tom. 8.We treat people equally. usually have rational explanations.Three days seems a long time to be unconscious.You must be accident-prone – you are always hurting yourself. Pages 40-41.His telephone number differs from mine by one digit.Only two out of five people believe in the paranormal. hears letters and numbers in terms of colour. 1.Was the legendary King Arthur based on a real king? accident-prone – adj.Everything that I've heard about him has been complimentary.The whole show lasts three hours.He was accused of cheating during a game of cards. 7. na pokaz roam verb [I + adverb or preposition.to have a strong desire or hope to do or have something: Few people who aspire to fame ever achieve it. aspirować glitzy (adj) having a fashionable appearance intended to attract attention: He celebrated his birthday at a glitzy party in Beverly Hills. ►arogancki. 10. often claimed to be spaceships.We've got an important match coming up this week. ►dążyć (do).Don't leave me in suspense. 3A The burden of fame. 9. Fame looks like a condition to which one might aspire.My mosquito bites were itching so much I just had to scratch them. brzemię aspire to sth phrasal verb .put a word or phrase.UFOs.2: put one word. 6. It's a mystery. ►włóczyć się. burden noun [C] 1 a heavy load that you carry ►ciężar. 5. 2. he aspired to be a great writer. 3. describes someone who often has accidents. arrogant. who was born with a condition called 'syneasthesia'. especially without a clear idea of what you are going to do This documentary is about the wild horses that roam the remote plains of Mongolia.Listening to songs in English improves your ability to speak and understand. 8.When there are 366 days in a year. 42. wędrować play a joke/trick on sb .A lot of people have the condition. but his charming personality won me round/over. wyniosły .
well-adjusted (adj) describes a person who behaves sensibly and reasonably and whose behaviour is not difficult or strange: His family could not understand how this quiet. The tree toppled and fell. niespokojny petrify (frighten) verb . be ill at ease. mercilessness -►brak litości .get on the right/wrong side of sb . brightness or strength gradually. turn on sb .. ►niezaspokojony..a group of helpers and followers who travel with an important person: ► świta. retinue. ►wprowadzić zamęt w. wywoływać. niespokojny. well-adjusted man could have been driven to this terrible deed. it seemed. fig. ► brać coś za dobrą monetę.to make someone pleased/annoyed with you: As a teenager.she's in a foul temper. ►przerażać. wprawiać w osłupienie unsettled (anxious) (adj) anxious and worried. ►rys. brać coś dosłownie to play havoc with. would satisfy his insatiable curiosity. rodzić scrutiny -noun [U] the careful and detailed examination of something in order to obtain information about it.to be feeling angry: I'd avoid her if I were you . The minister's speech did not engender confidence in his judgment. Nothing.he never said a word the whole time you were here. asysta take sth at face value-to accept something for what it appears to be rather than studying it more closely: I took the offer at face value. be in a bad/foul. etc.. he had an insatiable appetite/desire/hunger for power. unable to relax ►zakłócony.. zażenowany. ► skrępowany. You are under constant public scrutiny.to attack or criticize someone suddenly and unexpectedly: Suddenly she just turned on me and accused me of undermining her.to be anxious and not relaxed: He seemed ill at ease and not his usual self.to make people have a particular feeling or make a situation start to exist: Her latest book has engendered a lot of controversy. I didn't think they might be trying to trick me. ►tworzyć. nierozstrzygnięty ( problem) trait – noun .verb . engender . nienasycony topple -verb 1 [I or T] to (cause to) lose balance and fall down: The statue of the dictator was toppled (over) by the crowds. temper . the public have an insatiable appetite for seeing the famous toppled from their thrones. niepewny. cecha fade -verb [I or T] -to (cause to) lose colour.a particular characteristic that can produce a particular type of behaviour: His sense of humour is one of his better traits. ►zachęcać. Clare was always getting on the wrong side of her mother.. ►blaknąć. especially so that they are unable to move or speak: I think you petrified poor Jeremy . powodować.to frighten someone greatly. podpuszczać insatiable (adj) (especially of a desire or need) too great to be satisfied: Like so many politicians. egg sb on phrasal verb [M] to strongly encourage someone to do something which might not be a very good idea: Egged on by the popular press. więdnąć.
page 42 Change into noun: 1. Magazine editors believe that public scrutiny is the price of fame. 6. neutral (adj) 9. to feel sorry for someone is to feel sympathy for them because sth bad has happened. 4.verb . The public seem to have an insatiable appetite for stories about celebrities. 8.►łatwo traci panowanie nad sobą underbelly – noun . rude(adj) 4. A picture of a star in a bad temper is more valuable than a studio shot.) 6.) 3. And a story about their lack of social skills is worth a fortune. 4. to accept defeat: The town finally succumbed last week after being pounded with heavy artillery for more than two months. Word formation . many of the stories in the popular press later turn out to be untrue.1 to lose the determination to oppose something. I'm afraid I succumbed to temptation and had a piece of cheesecake. 7. 2.the weakest or most unpleasant part of something which is most likely to fail or be easily defeated. Each tries to show a different perspective on celebrity life. he loses his temper easily . The favourite target is a household name behaving badly. 3. . Other magazines just like to catch them in casual clothes and without make-up. to play a joke on someone is to something to him for laugh. imagine (v) 8. temper n C/U 1. 5. devote (v) 7. without looking for hidden meaning. Idiomatic expressions 1. 5. nastrój. Some like to focus on their religious convictions or political beliefs.succumb . to take someone/thing at face value is to accept it as it is. There is now a vast array of magazines that focus on celebrities. innocent (adj) – scrutiny – arrogance – rudeness – inconvenience – attention – devotion – imagination – neutrality – innocence Collocation: adj + noun 1. 10. arrogant (adj. However. to take someone far is to help them to be successful. (disposition of mind) ►usposobienie. 3. scrutinize (v) 2. to get on the wrong side of someone is to do sth that gives them a bad opinion of you. inconvenient (adj) 5. 6. 2. to have power over someone is to have influence or authority over them. 9. humor. attend (v.
Not everything they say can be taken at face value.to change people’s mind about 4. Hard work.to put pressure on 8. page 48 Issues and opinions Forms of protest: 1. Be careful not to get on the wrong side of your manager.to put forward your views on 5.to force people to come to a compromise about sth 10. C) Campaigners stand in the street every day.signing a petition 2. Remember that they have power over you. It's impossible not to feel sorry the people who work hard.holding a meeting 4. 3.to express your opinion on 6.Sentences with a suitable phrase.to (make someone) back down on (wycofać się) 9. 4. 6. B) Local residents held a meeting in the village hall last night. They hope that if they get enough signatures it will put pressure on the government to reconsider its policy on this important issue. talent and ambition can take you far. However. but he was just playing a joke on me.taking part in a march 5. .to generate publicity for (wytwarzać rozgłos) 7.writing into a newspaper prepositions 1. 5. 2. Charity. hoping to change politicians’ minds about this sensitive issue. they hand out leaflets to members of the public in order to generate publicity for the subject. A) Twenty thousand protestors took part in a march along the city’s main street yesterday. it would appear that the government has already come to a decision and is unlikely to back down on the issue.to have a say in 3.to have an influence on sb/sth 2. 1.handing out leaflets 3. he could make life difficult for you. at which everyone had the opportunity to put forward their views on/ express their opinion on the proposed new bypass.to contribute to 2. but don’t make it to the top. My manager promised me a bigger office. they can affect whether or not you get promoted. and they ask people to sign a petition.
7. Moving on -Mind you.She landed a very important role in a new TV drama.… b) A: Have you heard how much our team are playing for this young footballer they’ve been after? It’s ridiculous. it will put a lot of pressure on him to get a goals. A: True. 2. many fashion designers are household names. It will be hard.Some stars have got an awful temper. we certainly need a good striker if we want to win the league this year.These days. A: Mind you.We launched a campaign to help the homeless.Some of the speaches went on a bit. land .… -Having said that. especially in a way which seems easy or unexpected: He's just landed a senior editorial job with a men's magazine.verb . 10.. But how will he cope with having all that money and fame at the age of 19? Besides that.… -As a matter of fact. and you shouldn't get on the wrong side of them.. he is being paid to do something he loves.… -Besides that.54 1./ Having said that. words and phrases 1. We should be so lucky! Module 3 Review p. 8.Tickets for the show were selling at three times their face value.… -Anyhow. 5.Working for charity should have a beneficial effect on Bob's ego.… -Anyway.) dostać coś. actually.There is wide array of goods on sale in the shops.… -As a matter of fact./ having said that. and I got bored.Sometimes you have to stand up for your principles. Everyone knows them. (pot.… -Not only that.Someone played a cruel joke on him when they said he was going to become famous. Nobody’s worth that much! Mind you.Page 49 Discourse markers Used to qualify sth you or someone else has just said: Emphasize that what you are saying is correct or true Add sth else to sth you or someone else has said Introduce disagreement (disagreeing) Change the subject. 6.. B: I agree. 4.… -Of course. -Well. .to get or achieve something good.… -As well as that. uzyskać coś./ Not only that. B: You’re right. 9. 3.
Switzerland stayed neutral throughout both World Wars. Their partnership has lasted for a long time. We make sure that our responsibilities don’t overlap.59. sprzeczać się.60 breadth of experience-2 [S] when something includes many different items. features. Switzerland preserved its neutrality throughout both World Wars. Can you put your signature on this form? 4A Making choices pages 56. nakładać się self-importance (noun )[U] DISAPPROVING .the overall situation isn't really that bad. subjects or periods of time overlap. Her fame gives her a feeling/sense of isolation. She'd never expected so much devotion from so many fans. He was proud he had achieved so much. without a trace of self-importance. but nothing more.a very clear demarcation of the areas we’re in charge of demarcation. 2 If two or more activities.57. self-important (adj) neither of us is self-important(we are not pompous) zarozumiałość.to have someone to discuss things with. She feels very isolated by her fame. Gettng a fine is an inconvenience. We make sure that our responsibilities don’t overlap. to cover part of the same space: The fence is made of panels which overlap (each other). wysokie mniemanie o sobie get/keep sth in perspective. but nothing more. mild-mannered man. It's inconvenient getting a fine.separation .the belief that you are more important or have a higher value than other people: He's a modest. they have some parts which are the same: My musical tastes don't overlap with my brother's at all.58. squabble (noun) [C] an argument over an unimportant matter: trivial arguments.2. pokrywać się. zachodzić na siebie. She was jealous of how popular her husband was. He contradicted himself a lot. They have remained partners for a long time. She'd never expected that so many fans would be so devoted to her. sprzeczka. similar meaning It's breathtaking how arrogant some politicians can be. Can you sign this form? The arrogance of some politicians is breathtaking. He was proud of his (many) achievements. She was jealous of her husband's popularity.(the diversity of things he has done is quite incredible) overlap (verb)-pp-1 to cover something partly by going over its edge. There were many contradictions in what he said. subjects or qualities: The breadth of her knowledge is amazing.to think about a situation or problem in a wise and reasonable way: (we helped each other to be objective about things) You must keep things in perspective . To have a partner who you can bounce ideas off.
I don’t need to worry about it at all. so we had to use interpreters. you have a good eye for something. I have imported products from a supplier in China called Mr. Although I’m a bit of a perfectionist. When you offend someone by interfering in something they are responsible for. p58 • • • • • • • • • When we first met. 8. 7. you have a good sense of humor.…we trust each other absolutely…. At the beginning. 9. still touring on a regular basis after 40 years in the business. and I do a fair bit of business elsewhere. I can be full of confidence that order will arrive exactly when Mr Wu says it will. we say that they are full of themselves. But now that we’ve been working together so well for so long. or you can make people laugh. I know that when I place an order with him. I’m a busy man. whereas Charlie Watts prefers to stay in the background. right from the start).It doesn’t bother me at all –I am not upset. Expressions that give emphasis 6. They have had a huge effect on many other groups. who some people say is full of himself. If you are able to enjoy things that are funny. When you get annoyed with someone. If you are good at noticing things. but these should be kept in perspective. To say a situation is not always happy.I know quite a lot about it. you can say it is not always a bed of roses. argument or debate that is full of angry and excited feelings is a heated discussion. but Mr Wu is the best supplier I have by a mile. . you might have cross words with them. When you assist someone who is a busy or has problems. you are treading on their toes. One reason for their success is that there isn’t any rivalry between the band members. easy or comfortable.I spoke no Chinese. idiomatic expressions. it was quite difficult. you sense immediately if the chemistry’s working (there is a mutual attraction/rapport). Mick Jagger.we consider each other to be 100% trustworthy. If someone talks about themselves a lot. Wu. There have been the occasional arguments. and he spoke no English. For many years. you help them out. 3. prepositions • • • • • One of the most successful rock bands of all the time is the Rolling Stones.Vocabulary.I know a fair bit about transport . A discussion .He was our choice by a mile – He was much better than the other candidates. loves the publicity and dealing with media. I trust hem absolutely. b) • • • • • • • One of the strangest relationships I have is with someone I can barely communicate with. we hit it off from the word go(get on well immediately.
she won't be unhappy for long. przyjazny caring (adj) describes someone who is kind and gives emotional support to others: I've always thought of Jo as a very caring person. stanowczy enthusiasm (noun) 1 [U] a feeling of energetic interest in a particular subject or activity and an eagerness to be involved in it: enthusiastic (adj) -showing enthusiasm: You don't seem very enthusiastic about the party . osiągalny. independent (NOT INFLUENCED) (adj)1 not influenced or controlled in any way by other people.able to quickly return to a previous good condition: She's a resilient girl . krytyczny. approachable (adj)-friendly and easy to talk to: Graham's always very approachable – why don't you talk the problem over with him? ►przystępny.zorganizowany. page 59 adaptable (adj)-able or willing to change in order to suit different conditions: The survivors in this life seem to be those who are adaptable to change.leader .don't you want to go tonight? experienced (adj)-having skill or knowledge because you have done something many times: an experienced teacher She is very experienced in marketing. zdecydowany. zdeterminowany. rozstrzygający. ►Odporny na stres. prężny team builder. wykształcony organized . a decisive reply NOTE: The opposite is indecisive. uporządkowany. dobrze poinformowany. events or things: knowledgeable (adj)-knowing a lot: He's very knowledgeable about German literature.Personal qualities. troskliwy. ►decydujący. or showing this quality: You need to be more decisive. ► opiekuńczy. creative (adj)-producing or using original and unusual ideas: a creative person/artist/designer/programmer creative talents/powers/abilities creative thinking decisive (adj)1 able to make decisions quickly and confidently. zrzeszony resilient (adj). ►o szerokim zakresie wiedzy. dostępny.
historyczny. produktywny. przyjemny. niezawodny) -dependent (1. ujmujący. -pleased zadowolony. obiecujący -hopeless beznadziejny. należący do historii. -enviable godny pozazdroszczenia. zawistny.zależny. (gram)podrzędny -different -hesitating -hesitant (wahający się. dający się składać) -dependable (pewny. 2. zabawny) -collapsible (składany. czuły. -funny -historical historyczny. doniosły (wydarzenie) -hopeful pełen nadziei.Adding suffixes p. rozpaczliwy -successful . nouns affection aggression danger energy envy fun history hope success adjectives -affectionate uczuciowy.60 Verbs amuse collapse depend differ hesitate influence please produce Adjesctives -amused (rozbawiony) -amusing (rozśmieszjący. niepewny) -influential (wpływowy) -pleasing miły. doniosły ważny. tkliwy. ufny. 3. niezdecydowany.pozostający na utrzymaniu. kochający -aggressive -dangerous -energetic -envious zazdrosny. (postać) -historic wiekopomny. usatysfakcjonowany -productive wydajny.
ścisłość. zwierzenie. obstawać please save Nouns -amusement zabawa. celność. pewność siebie. -cruelty -confidence zaufanie. radość. dokładność.Verbs amuse confront decide defend discover participate Persist upierać się. upór -pleasure -safety bezpieczeństwo -saviour wbawca adjectives accurate trafny cruel confident diverse happy jealous lonely popular tolerant nouns -accuracy trafność. rozrywka -confrontation -decision -defence -discovery -participation -participant uczestnik -persistence wytrwałość. przekonanie -diversity -happiness -jealousy -loneliness -popularity -tolerance . przeświadczenie.
rozciągać. umacniać. wzmagać się -widen rozszerzać. potęgować.nouns beauty deep general legal popular strength wide verbs -beautify -deepen pogłębiać (się) -generalise -legalise -popularise -strengthen wzmacniać. dodawać sił. rozprzestrzeniać words broad choose die fly high long prove strong succeed noun breadth choice death flight height length proof strength success .
niezabezpieczony) -misunderstand -misprint (błąd drukarski) co-production.nonmiscoenemreunderover- General meaning Not. ► odpowiedzialy be responsible (for sth) to be caused of or to blame for sth. ( of sth / towards sb) having or showing a wish to protect sth/sb keep someone safe from harm ‘She was extremely protective of her public image’ ‘feel fiercely protective towards one’s children’ enthralled by – enthral-(US enthrall)–verb. -underdeveloped. -enrich (wzbogacać). -overdraw (przekroczyć stan konta). -overcooked. prefix.. nadrukowywać) -prearrange. to interest or entertain sb greatly: ‘enthralled by her beauty’ . Make into Again In a different way Not sufficient Too much Examples -disappear. -underpopulated -overpaid. istniejący uprzednio) pre-school pre- before Module 4B p. co-develop.’ ‘The two friends were inseparable. im-. to hold sb’s interest and attention completely to capture the whole of sb’s attention. overprint ( nadruk. the opposite of wrong(ly) together. (from sb/sth) that cannot be separated ‘Britain’s economic fortunes are inseparable from the situation in Europe. -overdevelop. -non-fiction.64 1b responsible-adj. -unbelievable. -overpowered (przytłoczony). -rearrange. overpopulated. dis-. -reappear.adj. 1. pochłaniać (uwagę) furious . pre-exist (uprzedni. with Cause to be.Prefix un-. in-. -redrawn.-endanger (zagrażać). empower (upoważniać) -replace. ‘He was enthralled by her story’ ►oczarowywać.: ’Who was responsible for this accident?’ ► spowodować. (with sb). nieodłączny protective –adj. –non-conformist -unpopulated (niezamieszkały).they went everywhere together (inseparability-n inseparably-adv) ►nierozłączny. predate (poprzedzać). -redevelope -underpaid. irr-. pre-cook (uprzednio ugotowany). co-worker -enlarge (powiększać). ponosić winę inseparable –adj.-undercooked. co-exist.(for doing sth)-looking after sb/sth. (for sb/sth ).-irreversible –nieodwracalny -insecure (niepewny. having job or duty of doing sth. (at sth/sb) very angry ‘He was furious with her’ ‘He was furious at her behaviour’ .
5. 3. we relied on each other for support. In my country today. miec przyjazne stosunki take after sb – to look or behave like an older member of your family. We do have cross words quite often. That means parents have to pay more for childcare . robić po swojemu. 8.adj. 6. 2b. (to sb/sth) loving sb/sth very much: (dedicated) ‘Neil’s absolutely devoted to his wife. 2. . ‘My brother takes after(is very similar to) our father.’ ►oddany resentful (towards). but I think a bit of confrontation is healthy in any family.to agree with sb. 1. feeling or showing that one resents sth: a resentful look/silence/voice ►urażony. we got on with (liked) each other immediately ►dobrze z kimś żyć. the extended family is less common. rozżalony resentment – n. to fall in love with sb ‘they fall for each other instantly’ ‘I fell for(started to love)Tom the moment I met him’ get/have your own way.devoted . 10. 4.adj. ►być podobnym See eye to eye (with sb). I rebelled against my parents right from the start (word go) refused to do as I was told and just did what I wanted to do. 12. fall for sb-(infm) to be strongly attracted to sb. 11. 9. I grew up in quite a tightly-knit family. although others may want sth else. My parents had high expectation of me. so only children like me are not as unusual as they used to be. I was a very conscientious student at school because I didn’t want to disappoint them. and we have a lot of interest in common. I’m the black sheep of the family. ‘Do you feel any resentment towards her new husband?’ 'William felt very resentful at being unfairly criticised. As children. to have the same opinion as sb ‘We don’t always see eye to eye on political matters’ ‘My sister and I never see eye to eye (agree) about anything’ ► zgadzać się z kimś runs in the family – to be found very often in a family ‘Red hair runs in the family’ ‘Her talent for music runs in the family (is inherited)’ ►być dziedzicznym. There’s always been a strong bond between me and my brother.' 'She said with her resentful voice' ►uraza 2a. 7. but there’s still a lot of sibling rivalry between us.to get or do what you want. We get on well now. ‘Children shouldn’t be allowed to get their own way (do exactly what they want) all the time’ ►postawić na swoim. get on/along with sb – to have a friendly relationship with sb ‘When my best friend and I first met. I was very envious of her because he was my father’s favorite. My older sister and I were always squabbling as children.
► szerokość. 5. REVIEW MODULE 4 Ex.to help sb in a difficult situation or to give money to help sb. He’s just helping us out in the office on a temporary basis. co w ludziach najlepsze) 7. ►pomagać 9. 2. p. 8.hit it off (with sb) – to like sb when you first meet him/her ‘When I first met Tony’s parents. His brother is a fair bit older than her. I don’t like being dependent on anyone. They work together.2 Rewrite each sentence using the given word. My mother has a good eye for a bargain. 1. but they don’t always bring out the best in each other. 1. 3. The first time they met. 4. when I left school.70 Ex. He’s very good at using charm to get his own way. rozmiar wiedzy . 6. They all support each other – they are very tightly-knit family. ‘A crisis can sometimes bring out the best in people’ ►(wyzwolić to. features. Just do as you are told! 11. 12. we didn’t really hit it off’ ► przypadać sobie do gustu fall out (with sb) – to quarrel or fight with sb ‘They fell out with each other just before the wedding’ ► pogniewać się na kogoś lose touch (with sb /sth) -to become no longer in contact with sb/sth ‘Unfortunately. Carl feels very protective towards Gabriel. subjects or qualities: The breadth of her knowledge is amazing. 10. help sb out. rozpiętość. 2 [S] when something includes many different items. rozmach. They both have red hair – it runs in the family. they didn’t hit it off at all. He showed an astonishing breadth of learning for one so young. I lost touch (didn’t keep in contact) with my old friend’ look up to sb –to admire or respect sb ‘She has always looked up to her father’ ‘I’ve always looked up to (respect) my father for what he’s achieved. breadth (n)1 [C or U] the distance from one side to another: The length of this box is twice its breadth. My boss takes himself very seriously.
He is very/so full of himself. very thorough .1. Guardians are cautious people. he psychologist D. quite unhesitatingly (hesitant). ‘an in-depth analysis. we lingered for a while in the bar hoping to catch sight of the actors. ( way) He was an only child. The smell from the fire still lingered days later. Why aren’t they friend any more? ( fallen ) 8. They see it as their responsibility (responsible) to help us enrich (rich) our lives (live) through cooperation. She lost her job because of the cutbacks. (breadth) 2. Idealists have a great belief (believe) in the need to remove to remove confrontation (confront). support social institutions against any non-conformist (conform) ideas that endanger (danger) their existence. szał . In the end. Artisans are highly energetic (energy) and productive (produce) people. ( redundant ) 6. Ex. a period when a person cannot control his actions ‘the high-speed frenzy of the modern world’ ►szaleństwo. Why have they fallen out? In the end I always get my own way.to take a long time doing sth. (tough) 4. All the brothers are very close. It was a really tough decision. interview. They are solid citizens who would . whose greatest happiness (happy) lies in upholding family values. This type includes influential (influence) artists and actors (act). I was impressed how wide his experience was. in-depth –adj. przyrzeczenie frenzy (n) a state of great excitement. There is a very close bond between all the brothers. • • • • • • • • In his in-depth (deep) study of he subject. I always do what I want. discussion.to stay somewhere for a long time ► przewlekać pobyt. It's impossible to forget such horrific events . I was impressed by breadth of his experience. It was really hard to decide. ( bond) 5. ‘to linger over the meal’ (przeciagać posiłek) ► zwlekać pledge (n) a promise or agreement: to make a pledge to do sth. Module 5a/ page 72 text. (full) 7. Rationalists like to understand how thing work. (only) 3. to sign a pledge ►zobowiazanie. ‘In the slow lane’ vocab linger (v) -to take a long time to leave or disappear: After the play had finished. (o zapachu) długo się unosić 2. She was made redundant because of the cutbacks. Keirse has declared there are four main types of human temperament. They make their discoveries (discover) through the power of reason. He has such a high opinion of himself.they linger (on) in the memory forever 1.3 Put Correct form of the words. He had no brothers or sisters.
festivity. krzyżować Page 73 rearguard action – a struggle continued even when it is unlikely to succeed (oxford) rearguard action .’ ‘ But people soon cottoned on to the idea that traditional product were being displaced by cheap.verb . radość foster (v) to help or encourage the development of sth (especially feelings or ideas) ►podsycać. jaskrawy to strike a balance= to find a balance curb (control) verb . etc. often to show your support for a political organization or belief.noun [C or U]-a final attempt to prevent something from happening: The unions were determined to fight a rearguard action against the government's plans to strip them of their powers. . the snail. or your rank. szczęśliwy. thwart . nominacja lurid (colour) adj. which is slow and tastes good’ ►stanowić typowy przykład badge (n) a small piece of metal. udaremniać. epitomized by their symbol. nastrój biesiadny exalted (adj). dziki frenetic (adj) frenetic lifestyle-( szalony tryb życia) ►szaleńczy to place great emphasis on –► kłaść nacisk enjoyment (n). ‘the fostering of conviviality’ ► serdeczność. nie dopuszczać do realizacji.-too brightly coloured: ’lurid neon signs' ►Krzykliwy. wesołość. popierać conviviality (n. etc ►odznaka designation (n) an official title or name: What's her official designation now she's been promoted? ► wyznaczenie. cloth. oznaczenie.)the good humor or mirth indulged in upon festive occasions. ► uniemożliwiać. with words or a picture on it. ► zaskoczyć..raised to lofty height ‘Tows enjoy exalted reputation for wine and truffles’ ►podniosły. unicestwiać. mass-marketed food.frenzied (adj) wild and excited. kapować. Efforts to curb noise pollution are thwarted by people’s fondness for shouting into mobile phones and disturbing the peace. plastic. that is pinned or sewn to your clothing. or membership of a group. wysoki 2. (Cambridge) cotton ² (verb) (phrasal verb) to cotton on (to sth) – (inf) to understand sth ‘It took me ages to cotton on. a convivial spirit or humor.when you enjoy something ► przyjemność. a frenzied attack ► szalony. uszczęśliwiony epitomize(v) to be typical of sth ‘the quality.to stop something from happening or someone from doing something: My holiday plans have been thwarted by the strike.to control or limit something that is not desirable: The Government should act to curb tax evasion.
It’s hard to strike the right balance between work and life. Fans came in droves. the thing that a person or particular group of people usually do: (easy to change) ‘He doesn’t have a very healthy lifestyle’ ‘She needs a pretty high income to support her lifestyle’ ‘Getting married often means sudden change in lifestyle’ ‘Living in the city. etc.’ ‘The standard of living in this country has improved dramatically over the last few decades. 13. In addition. The police should arrest people who disturb the peace by having noisy parties 3. 17.the amount of money that a person needs to live on: ‘The increase in interest rates will raise the cost of living’ ‘It is high rents that make the cost of living so high in the city’ ►koszty utrzymania lifestyle (n) – someone’s way of living. etc. stały. However. 8. ► tłumy adj) an aspiring actor/politician/writer. not quantity that counts. 6. As part of its campaign to promote a healthy lifestyle. 5. I had a very hectic lifestyle’ ►styl. 4. this will be a difficult policy to implement. they must protect citizens and cut health costs. poziom życia Cost of living . politician. Standard of living -(living standard) – the amount of wealth and comfort people have in particular society: ‘The standard of living in developing country is low. everything the government does to curb smoking reduces the income they receive from tax on cigarettes. On the other hand . moving towards a place: Every summer droves of sightseers crowd the city. 12. It is important to relax and get away from it all on a regular basis. Governments have a long way to go before they achieve equality for all. they need to preserve people’s rights and freedoms and maintain tax income. especially of people. writer. 7.’ ►standard życia. someone who is trying to become a successful actor. Some organizations want them to ban smoking in all public places. the government is getting tough on smoking. it is quality. 14. 3.droves aspiring (plural noun)-a large group. 11. They have pledged to reduce the number of smoking-related illnesses within ten years. tryb życia . This epitomizes the type of dilemma many governments face. częsty 2b 10. Not many people are ready band refuse to buy a car. The concept of healthy eating is slowly but surely catching on with the public. 16. On the one hand. 2. For most thing in life. zwykły. Summer is terrible because tourists come in droves to visit my town. on a regular basis regularnie. ► ambitny Page74 1b idiomatic expressions 1. 15.
to live or exist longer than sb/sth.way of life (n). na całe życie Outlive(v) .to munch an apple 11.a means of earning money to buy a things you need ► utrzymanie.to spend the rest of your life in a particular way.to swig a fizzy drink from the bottle 13.b words for eating and drinking.to chew your food carefully before swallowing 18. styl życia Living (n) – 1. ► żywy.2.your way or quality of life ‘The cost of living has risen in recent years’ ► utrzymanie.’ Jack is so healthy I’m sure he’ll outlive the rest of his family’ ► przeżyć Live out (sth).1.to nibble a biscuit/sandwich 15.’ ► przeżywać 4. ‘He outlived his wife by nearly twenty years.1. ►zwyczaje. standard zycia Livelihood (n). ‘He had so many accidents.’ ► życie Lifelong (adj).the manner in which a person lives: behaviour and customs that are typical of a person or group of people (traditional.alive now ‘He has no living relatives’ ‘He is one of our greatest living poets. 10. he’s lucky to be alive.to wolf down your food 14. begging for food and money – it’s not very enviable way of life’ ‘The traditional way of life in some villages hasn’t changed for years.the way that you earn money ‘To lose your livelihood.to suck a drink through a straw 12.not dead living ‘He kept the little cat alive by feeding it warm milk. typical) ‘Sleeping in doorways.’ ► żyjący dotychczas Lifetime (n). obyczaje.for all your life ‘William hasn’t been the same since the death of his lifelong friend. ‘It’s a one chance of a lifetime’ ‘He spent his lifetime fighting against the justice.to drain a glass of water in one gulp .’ ► dozgonny.the period of time that sb is alive. ‘After Jack retired he decided to live out the rest of his days in a quiet country village.to pick at your dinner 16. żyjący Living (adj).’ ► środki utrzymania Alive (adj).to guzzle food or drink quickly and greedily 17. życie 2.
power than you really need . and although tourism often provides employment. Furthermore. wine ► gazowany. they believe tourists should be actively encouraged to use what is often perfectly satisfactory accommodation offered by local communities.►słomka p.76 Making tourism a benefit adv+adj. a British organization.) ‘ He drained his glass in one gulp’ ►wypić do dna straw . In Goa. quickly and in large amounts ‘He swigged the whiskey down and poured another glass' ►żłopać swig (n). money. however. and local fishermen have been denied access to the beaches from which they set off for work. • • • • • . ‘To munch an apple’ ► chrupać swig (v) –( swigging. They argue that local people are at present nowhere near as involved as they should be in decisions about how to develop their area of tourism.fizzy -(adj) (fizzier. ‘ don’t be so greedy’ greedily (adv)► łakomie drain (v) to drink all the liquid (in a glass etc. much of it is low-skilled and very poorly paid. musujący munch (v)-to eat sth steadily and often noisily especially sth crisp.to eat only small amount of food because you are not hungry ► dziobać jedzenie. ► łakomstwo. surprised everyone by mounting an extremely vigorous campaign for tourism which respects the rights of local people. But behind the image projected by the glossy brochures.►żłopanie nibble (v) – to eat sth by taking small bites. ogryzanie pick at sth. ► Ogryzać. fizziest) ( used about a drink) – containing many small bubbles ≠ still »sparkling water (mineral). chciwość. and to fly with airlines based in the host countries. swigged) to take a drink especially of alcohol. for example. skubać nibble (n)► skubanie. Tourism Concern. there is a less positive side to the situation. This would ensure that jobs are provided at all levels and that capital does not disappear out of the country. One comprehensive study has shown that 60 per cent of foreign capital invested in tourism in developing countries returns to first-world countries. zachłanność greedy (adj) wanting more food etc. adj+noun • • • The growth of cheap and readily available air travel has helped turn tourism into one of the world’s largest industries. indigenous people have been displaced to make way for hotels and golf courses. Recently. guzzle (v) – to eat or drink greedily ► zażerać się greed (n) (greed for sth) a strong desire for more food.
It is really obvious that tourism has many drawbacks. 11. It is really/very important that the local people and the environment are protected. is absolutely/totally unique. Residents are deeply divided about the expansion of tourism.3 adverb and adjective. For many years. his restaurant was virtually/almost empty as his regular customers went to try the new restaurant. however. zupełnie. and some people worry that the islands’ perfectly balanced environment will become heavily polluted. for which funds are currently totally inadequate. • • • • • • • My uncle was absolutely furious when a restaurant belonging to a well-known global chain opened next door to his. The prices at the new place were bitterly/fairly/pretty cheap compared to his. .p. 8. as his personal style of decoration is quite unusual and his food. After a couple of weeks. 13. Cautious people tend to choose the chain. The following week. The ecosystem of this island is absolutely unique. 9. the islands have been heavily dependent on foreign aid. A new residents remain bitterly opposed to the development. Not all the changes are likely to be entirely beneficial. life for the 140. 10.000 inhabitants is about to become utterly different.całkowicie. he was really delighted/pleased/relieved when his business started to return. fearing that the consequences will be utterly disastrous. • • Utterly. absolutnie Ex.77 Language development 1b modifying adverbs. progress on the tiny African island of Sao Tome and Principe has been painfully slow. The islanders are deeply attached to their unspoiled beaches and rainforest. Some of the islanders have become very/ extremely rich as a result of tourism. They have formed an association which is completely opposed to further development. 7. however. With the discovery of oil. the majority are looking forward to becoming seriously wealthy in the near future. Others prefer my uncle’s place. based on his family’s secret recipes and odd mix of ingredients. However. But many are absolutely furious about what is happening. 12. Now both restaurants co-exist happily together. Ex2 adverb that collocates with the adjective • • • • • • Until recently. The government has drawn up widely publicized plans on how the new income from the highly valuable discovery will be spent on improving education and health. knowing that the décor will be quite similar to others they have visited and that the production-line food will be almost identical.
environment biodegradable (materials) -biodegradable –adj. use up/run out of/conserve resources: use sth up (phrasal verb)to finish a supply of something: Don't use up all the milk. bio-diversity biodiversity (n) the number and variety of plant and animal species that exist in a particular environmental area or in the world generally. The nationalists are very keen to conserve their customs and language.1 not now existing: There is concern that the giant panda will soon become extinct. I'm not being lazy . able to decay naturally and harmlessly: Biodegradable packaging helps to limit the amount of harmful chemicals released into the atmosphere. destroy the ozone layer dispose of /dump (waste/rubbish) dispose of sb/sth (phrasal verb) to get rid of someone or something or deal with something so that the matter is finished: How did they dispose of the body? ► pozbywać się give off/emit (carbon dioxide/toxic fumes) ►wydzielać. "Have you got any milk?" "Sorry. . emitować incinerate(/recycle waste) incinerate. contaminate water supplies ► zanieczyszczać. różnorodność ekosystemów extinct – adj. skażać. we are cutting down on our central heating. ►wyczerpywać się conserve – verb .I'm just conserving my energy/strength for later.to keep and protect something from damage. all of it has been used or it is completely finished: The milk has run out. Many tribes became extinct when they came into contact with Western illnesses. spopielać. we need some for breakfast. so that there is none left: I've run out of milk/money/ideas/patience. use or sell all of something. 2 An extinct volcano is one that is not now active (= will not explode again). My patience is beginning to run out. run out – 1 to finish. global warming health hazard pollute (the atmosphere) ► zanieczyszczać. (fig) zatruwać. ► materiały rozkładające się bez udziału człowieka (nie zanieczyszczające środowiska) (build-up of) greenhouse gases -greenhouse gas noun [C] a gas which causes the greenhouse effect. especially carbon dioxide." 2 If a supply of something runs out. or the problem of preserving and protecting this: A new National Biological Survey to protect species habitat and biodiversity ►(variety of species) biorónorodność.verb [T] -to burn something completely: to incinerate waste ►palić. I've run out. skażać. A lot of trades have become extinct because of the development of technology. change or waste: To conserve electricity.Page 80.
as they will reduce the use of conventional spray crops with pesticides. Ex3. wyginięcie lead to/run the risk of famine.flooding -run the risk of doing sth to do something although something bad might happen because of it: If you tell him the truth. wipe out/kill off ( animals/fish/birds) wipe sth out to destroy something completely: Whole villages were wiped out in the fighting. Greater use of biodegradable materials will help to conserve the world’s natural sources. ►wymarcie. The build-up of greenhouse gases has led to global warming.extinction – noun The extinction of the dinosaurs occurred (= they stopped existing) millions of years ago. flooding and famine. dump –(n) 1 (ALSO rubbish dump) a place where people are allowed to leave their rubbish: I need to clear out the shed and take everything I don't want to the dump. there is concern about potential health hazard to people and animals. • . ►wywoływać waste disposal UK noun [C] (US garbage disposal) an electrical machine connected to a kitchen sink which cuts up food waste so that it will flow easily through the pipes dispose 1. which is likely to cause more frequently droughts. which pollute the atmosphere. Some people predict the extinction of family life as we know it today. become pest/disease resistant DNA technology genetically modified crops improve flavor/nutrition spray crops with pesticides trigger (allergies) –trigger(start)-verb . a lot of wildlife is losing its natural habitat. • • • • Waste should be disposed carefully or recycled rather than dumped. drought .to cause something bad to start:(release) Some people find that certain foods trigger their headaches. loss of natural habitat. Deforestation in many parts of the world has led to loss of natural habitat and the extinction of many species.habitat (n) the natural surroundings in which an animal or plant usually lives With so many areas of woodland being cut down. and benefit the environment. Cars emit poisonous gases. especially by leaving it in a place where it is not allowed to be. Although some farmers welcome the idea of genetically modified crops. 2 to get rid of something unwanted. and cause illnesses and allergies. ►wysypisko śmieci dump (v) [T] 1 to put down or drop something in a careless way: He came in with four shopping bags and dumped them on the table. you run the risk of hurting his feelings. Many species of plants and animals are in danger of/threatened with extinction (= being destroyed so that they no longer exist). (get rid of)►pozbywać się.
Residents have been mounting an extremely vigorous campaign against a new supermarket. 6. A young hooligan was arrested for disturbing the peace. outdo . The president runs the risk of being assassinated every time he goes out. 2. 9. 4. Hi-tech factories epitomise the spirit of the age. There's ample evidence that the lawyer knew exactly what she was doing.Module 5: REVIEW p. Not long after I'd cast my line into the river. be plain sailing UK (US ALSO be smooth sailing) to be easy and without problems: The roads were busy as we drove out of town. 7. He took off his shoes in deference to local custom. deference . I bought a remote farmhouse in Scotland to get away from it all. 3. He wasn't really eating his dinner. The company became a worldwide success. Unless they are protected.86 1. 1. ample .outdid. or do something. You'll never make a living as a writer. better than someone else: He always tries to outdo everybody else in the class. 8. There's been meeting to promote trade between two countries. The company went broke trying to outdo their rivals. outdone .to be.it's too competitive. He's real non-conformist. 10. some animal species will soon be wipe out/ dying out. I love sitting in a cafe watching the world drift by. Some new fashions take a long time to catch on with the public. 12. 6. Some forms of illness are triggered by food allergies. Inevitably. he was just picking at it. 5. 7. . 10. many poorer countries are still dependent on foreign aid. 1. but it hadn't been plain selling. but after that it was plain sailing. 4. 2. 1 more than enough: You'll have ample opportunity to ask questions after the talk.noun (formal) respect and politeness: He treats her with such deference. 5. 9. 11. 8. who loves to swim against the tide. 3. There's long way to go before we eradicate the disease entirely.adj. a fish started nibbling at my bait. 2. She covered her head out of/in deference to (= because of a polite respect for) Muslim custom. You should avoid inhaling the fumes given off by paint. Customers are allowed to linger over their coffee until midnight. There is ample evidence to suggest that the world is getting hotter.verb .
solution. ’Some economists think that full employment in Europe is an unattainable goal’.noun A diet that is high in fat can lead to obesity. opinia. wyobrażenie. naciągany flight of fancy . does not hold out much hope for us in this area. wywołujący niepokój vastly -extremely big: ► ogromnie. and difficult to believe: a far-fetched idea/story ‘It may seem rather far-fetched to think we will have electronic arms and legs. kolosalnie. nieprawdopodobny. cure (n) 1 something that makes someone with an illness healthy again: There's still no cure for cancer. hope etc: Few people hold out any hope of finding more survivors. 2. ‘Professor S. znacznie pace(n). (speed of progression) ► tempo. niebywale. ►otyłość premature -(adj) happening or done too soon.an idea which shows a lot of imagination but which is not practical: He was talking about cycling across the US or was that just another flight of fancy? ‘But amongst all these flight of fancy. especially before the natural or desired time: premature birth/death .C. szybkość. are there any clues to how our bodies could really look 100 years from now? ► wybryk fantazji hold sth out (phrasal verb)-to offer a possibility.Module 6a Health and fitness p.extremely fat ►otyły obesity . obese adj .88-89 far-fetched (adj) very unlikely to be true. niezmiernie. (step)krok.the speed at which someone or something moves. zdumiewający. There is no known cure for this disease (= a cure has not yet been found).’ startling –(adj) surprising and sometimes worrying: startling results ‘The last 20 years hale show a startling rise in the number of vastly overweight people in the western world. a premature baby ►przedwczesny unattainable –(adj) not achievable: an unattainable ideal. or with which something happens or changes: a slow/fast pace ► 1.’ ► nierealny. ► nieosiągaly ‘ increasingly unattainable’ ► coraz bardziej nieosiągalne notion –(n) [C or U](a) belief or idea: ► pojęcie.’ ►zadziwiający. (alarming)alarmujący. lekarstwo . 2 a solution to a problem: The best cure for boredom is hard work! ►(remedy) lek.
I don’t have to pay my friend to stay in his flat. it provides more proof or support for it and makes it seem true: The final technical report into the accident reinforces the findings of initial investigations. or to cause things to do this. popierać.emulsja/krem z filtrem chroniącym przed promieniowaniem słonecznym deteriorating. nad wyraz merge -(v) 1 to combine or join together.becoming worse ► pogarszający się Word formation: suffixes 1. The company is offering interest-free loans to attract new customers. I’m sticking to sugar-free drinks. As part of my fitness campaign. 5. jaskrawo. it is debt-free. the company doesn’t owe any money to anyone.reinforce (v) [T] 1 to make something stronger: The pockets on my jeans are reinforced with double stitching. balding (adj) Eammon was plump and balding (= becoming bald) but somehow very attractive to women. There was very little traffic today. pokrzepiać. 4. . They gave a strikingly original performance of the play. Her husband is strikingly handsome. ►uderzająco. baldie – (n) an unkind name for someone who has lost or is losing the hair on their head: "Hey.(n) ►łysina strikingly (adv) Her latest novel is strikingly different from her earlier work. 7. Food labelled ‘95% fat-free ’sounds much better than ‘ contains 5% fat’. dodawać sił. baldy. zasilać bald (without hair) (adj) with little or no hair on the head: At twenty he was already going bald. drobiazgowy sunscreen . I can live there rent-free. His behaviour merely reinforced my dislike of him. 8. 3. ► skrupulatny. ► nasilać meticulous (adj)-very careful and with great attention to every detail: Many hours of meticulous preparation have gone into writing the book. escalate –(v) to make or become greater or more serious. so I had a trouble-free journey to work. Air quality has improved since the introduction of lead-free (bez ołowiowa) petrol. baldy!" baldness . 2 If something reinforces an idea or opinion. Money you win on the lottery is tax-free so you get to keep it all. ►wzmacniać. 6. 2.
People just need to weigh up what is more important.get the same results again •imitate-copy •indicate. noteworthy happening an experience – something that happens that influences or affects you a catalogue – a detailed list of every object a guide book – a description of the most interesting objects bound onto a book form a brochure . In most adults. •numbers decline •standards slip 2. •weigh up – consider both sides carefully page.show 5. •replicate.a short guide to the exhibition in leaflet form .96 admission fee – fixed amount of money paid to get in voluntary donation – variable amount of money given by choice season ticket – pass for a fixed amount of time that gives admission (probably as a reduce rate) an exhibit – an object in an exhibition an exhibition – a collection of objects on show an exhibitor – the person who puts the objects on show a guide – someone who shows visitors around and gives them information an attendant – someone who works for the institution and provides specific service (e. …and this now seems to be the best way forward for most people. •pinpoint – to discover/ explain exactly •diagnose an illness •place an object or person 4. the quality of their skin starts to deteriorate after the age of 45. cloakroom) a curator – someone with specialist knowledge who looks after the objects an event – a special performance/ exhibition organised for a specific time period an incident – a single. •qualities deteriorate. So far they have been unable to pinpoint the exact cause.g. •reverse a trend – move in the other direction •restore – return to a former state 7. They have been unable to replicate the results in real life. •point to – point to a fact or link 6. •apply a cream. to skin •install machinery 8. reversing a trend to seek the solution in science.Using the correct word page 90 1. This may be a cheaper solution than applying a costly chemical treatment to your skin. Pharmaceutical companies have pumped huge amount of money into research •pump money into something 3. information on request. Studies point to a link between a diet and skin quality. security.
etc. but it was too expensive.to (cause something to) go backwards. There is no firm evidence to support your thesis. The children trudged along behind. The painting was restored with meticulous attention to details. Robert Scott was regarded as the best explorer of his times. You have to weight up the pros and cons of DNA research. unieważniać. etc. and we spent at least two hours wandering around the show. very careful and with great attention to every detail: Many hours of meticulous preparation have gone into writing the book. of something to its opposite: MAINLY UK She reversed (US USUALLY backed) (the car) into the parking space. 9. I was bored out of my mind. I'm particularly interested in the history of fashion. The economy is expected to deteriorate over the coming year. Module 6: Review p. ► skrupulatny. 4. order. We're just weighing up the pros and cons (= advantages and disadvantages) of moving to a bigger house. I'm sceptical of claims that virtual health care on the Internet will replace doctors. through. Now that you have a job and I don't. our situations are reversed.to think carefully about the advantages or disadvantages of a situation before making a decision: I'm weighing up my options before I decide to apply for the job. or to change the direction. result. The attendants in each room were very knowledgeable. Mobile phones have been around for a long time now. which explained a lot of the background. weigh sth up .102 1 words and phrases 1. as if tired and bored stride – to walk quickly and purposefully 2. which means I can go as often as I like. tired and fed-up. I went with a friend to see an exhibition of vintage clothing at the local museum. I'd love to have bought the catalogue to keep. 6. drobiazgowy be bored/drunk. zmieniać. 7. I didn't like the exhibition. I've got a season ticket. meticulous adj. out of your mind (informal) to be extremely bored/drunk I was bored out of my mind.an audio guide – a description of the objects in the audio format wander around – to walk slowly in a relaxed way without specific aims trudge (along) – to walk heavily. We did hire an audio guide. 3. but you have to pay extra when it's a special event like this. cofać się . The painting was restored with meticulous attention to details. 8. We need to reverse the trend towards centralised power. zamieniać. too. position. 10. zawracać. ► odwracać. ► rozważać reverse – verb . 2. 5. text • • • • • • Last week. The new manager hoped to reverse the decline in the company's fortunes.
2. purpose or order: Will you be around (= here or somewhere near) next week? There's a lot of flu around (= a lot of people have it) at the moment. Most health-food companies have online brochures of their product. 2. admission (n)when someone is given permission to enter a place. We need to ensure there are fewer nasty weapons about. niezastąpiony pinpoint verb 1 to find out or say the exact position in space or time of something: It is not possible to pinpoint precisely the time of death.Something or someone that is indispensable is so good or important that you consider them to be essential: This book is an indispensable resource for researchers. 4. His long experience at the United Nations makes him indispensable to the talks. the data remains an absolutely indispensable resource. 9. ustalać położenie. 12.positioned or moving in or near a place. 2 to discover or describe the exact facts about something: Emergency workers at the site are still unable to pinpoint the cause of the explosion. I don't hold much hope for a better world.he only remembers what he wants. In the distance was a solitary building. 6. pojedynczy. ► niezbędny. Can you pinpoint the site on the map? 8. samotniczy. correct the word form. We need many alternative forms of fuel. 11. or the money that you pay to enter a place: Admission to the exhibition will be by invitation only. Mobile phones have been around (= existed) for quite a while. I'm a pessimist. ►( dokładnie) określać. wskazywać pinpoint adj [before noun] very exact: The computer will calculate your position with pinpoint accuracy. First published in the 1930s. przyjęcie . 7.adj . prep. The government's refusal to hand back the relics caused a major diplomatic incident. solitary adj. He has very selective memory . wstęp. 2 done alone: solitary walks by the river fishing and other solitary pastimes ► samotny. There has been a startling rise in the number of anti-ageing products on the market. opłata za wstęp.around (IN THIS PLACE)adv. often without a clear direction. 5. He leads a very solitary life. Do you believe the world will be trouble-free in the future? 3. anti-ageing . konieczny. 1. How much do they charge for admission. ►dostęp. a solitary figure was busy chopping down trees. What is the prise of admission to the exhibition? 10. He was a solitary child (= He enjoyed being alone). 1 A solitary person or thing is the only person or thing in a place: On the hill.adj [before noun] describes substances that are intended to prevent or limit the process of becoming old: anti-ageing creams indispensable . . jeden.
obejmować. smukły. 2 small in amount or degree: a man of slender means (= without much money) The chances of settling this dispute through talks seem increasingly slender. spare (save) verb . I was gripped throughout the entire two hours of the film.7A Against the odds p. I think she found him physically quite attractive but a bit shallow. to accept defeat: The town finally succumbed last week after being pounded with heavy artillery for more than two months. poddawać się 2 to die or suffer badly from an illness: Thousands of cows have succumbed to the disease in the past few months. I'm afraid I succumbed to temptation and had a piece of cheesecake.1 thin and delicate. [+ to infinitive] I seem to have a constant compulsion to eat. ►silne pragnienie . you do or achieve it although there were a lot of problems and you were not likely to succeed: Against all the odds. ► pochłaniać. grip (interest) verb -pp. against (all) the odds/against all odds If you do or achieve something against (all)the odds/against all odds. Northern areas of the country were engulfed by/in a snowstorm last night. The plant's leaves are long and slender.to surround and cover something or someone completely: The flames rapidly engulfed the house. ogarniać splash verb 2 [I usually + adverb or preposition] to move in water so that drops of it go in all directions: The kids were splashing (about/around) in the shallow end of the swimming pool. ►szczupły. contented adj She smiled a contented smile. He won't be contented (= satisfied) until he's upset everyone in the office. slender adj .not showing serious or careful thought: I found the film rather shallow.to start a journey: What time will we have to set off for the station tomorrow? Jenny set off down the road on her new bike.a very strong or uncontrollable desire (to do something repeatedly): For many people. znikomy tick (mainly uk) verb (us usually check) to mark something with a tick: Tick (off) each item on the list as you complete it. ►ulegać.to keep someone's attention completely: This trial has gripped the whole nation. ►pomimo wszelkich przeciwności shallow (not serious) adj . succumb . They've just set off on a round-the-world cruise ► wyruszać w podróż. The war is threatening to engulf the entire region. dieting is a compulsion. I felt sure it would only be a matter of time before he succumbed to my charms. set off/out .verb 1 to lose the determination to oppose something. he recovered. ►skąpy.104-105 engulf verb . ►zadowolony compulsion (desire) noun .to not hurt or destroy something or someone: They asked him to spare the women and children. often in a way that is attractive: He put his hands around her slender waist.
doing something dangerous and not caring about the risks and the possible results: He was found guilty of reckless driving.a force that makes you do something: He seems to be driven by some kind of inner compulsion. She seems to thrive on stress. specjalność thrive .an activity which only one person or a particular type of person does or is responsible for: Owning racehorses is the preserve of the rich. able (to inf. rozwijać się thriving . bully . strong desire/urge (to+ inf) – 8. wdzięk.attraction. thrived or US ALSO thriven . ►( czyjaś) domena. ►prosperować.to grow. search (for) – succeed (in –ing) to prove oneself grip (sb) push (sb.to hurt or frighten someone who is smaller or less powerful than you.thrived or US ALSO throve. ►nacisk./ oneself) to – 5. przymus compulsory . manage (to + inf) – 2.verb .verb .noun .) – 6.a thriving economy allure . Wearing seat belts in cars is compulsory by law. ►kusić los preserve (separate activity) noun . ►znęcać się.adj . [+ to infinitive] We were under no compulsion to attend. develop or be successful: His business thrived in the years before the war. interest/affect strongly – 4./oneself) capable (of –ing) driven (by/to +inf) compulsion (for/to + inf) quest (for) . bullying noun Bullying is a problem in many schools. kwitnąć. ►beztroski. you must do it because of a rule or law: Swimming was compulsory at my school. lekkomyślny. you take a foolish risk by doing it and depend too much on your good luck: You're tempting fate by riding your bike without wearing a cycle helmet. zastraszać. reckless adj . show one’s ability – 3.compulsion (force) noun . often forcing them to do something they do not want to do: Our survey indicates that one in four children is bullied at school. highly motivated – 7. tempt fate/providence If you tempt fate/providence by doing something. page 106 module 7 Motivation 1. Sport used to be a male preserve.If something is compulsory.adj . Don't feel under any compulsion to take me with you. charm or excitement: the allure of working in television sexual allure ►powab. force (sb.
He has refused to be defeated by his blindness and pushes himself to prove that blind people are capable of living exciting lives. but not much ►czynnik ryzyka worth the risk .a risk which you consider worth taking because the result. Eric managed to reach the summit of Everest in May 2001. Against the odds. vocab with risk calculated risk .to decide to do something even though you know it may have bad results ► podejmować ryzyko at risk . Eric has been extremely interested in climbing since he was a teenager and refused to give up his burning desire to climb.►wart ryzyka take a risk . The fact that someone has already climbed Everest is beside the point. 3. Eric has been gripped by climbing since he was a teenager and refused to abandon his compulsion to climb. He has never given in to his blindness and works himself hard to show that blind people are able to live exciting lives.Despite great difficulties. The compulsion to succeed against the odds is far from being a male preserve. zagrożony run the risk of doing sth . 2. he was driven by the need to prove himself.People who crave risk are not attracted by the routines of everyday life. he was motivated by the need to demonstrate to himself that he could do it. 3.Rewrite the sentences 1. despite the problem of losing his sight at the age of 13. ►w niebezpieczeństwie.It’s not important that someone else has already climbed Everest.to do something although something bad might happen because of it. This compulsion to take risks may come down to a basic human need for challenges. ►ryzyko skalkulowane an element of risk . despite the setback of losing his sight at the age of 13.some risk. will be so good: The director took a calculated risk in giving the film's main role to an unknown actor. The routines of everyday life have/hold no allure for people who crave risk.It is not only men who feel compelled to succeed against the odds. 5. For him it wasn't a search for fame. ► narażać się na . Eric succeeded in reaching the summit of Everest in May 2001. if it is successful.in a dangerous situation: All houses within 100 metres of the seas are at risk of flooding. 2. The explanation for this compulsion to take the risks may lie in a basic human need for challenges. For him it wasn't a quest for fame. 4.This record will never be beaten There is no chance of beating this record.
5. 4. raise/express doubts Be beyond/ without doubts An element of doubt To doubt someone’s word Big/huge/great success The chances of success A overnight success Have success in doing sth . ► na własne ryzyko Health/fire/security risk . Without a vaccination. There is an element of risk in any venture. Some people are prepared to risk life and limb taking part in adventure sport. Collocation hold/run/launch a competition enter/win/lose a competition be knocked out of the competition be in competition with Have no doubts.run/take a risk .to risk your life and health He risked life and limb to get the cat down from the tree ► ryzykować życiem a risky business b. His employers thought he was a security risk (= he might tell their secrets to a competitor).to do sth you know might be dangerous: Don't take any risks-just ring the police.2 something bad that might happen: This wire is a safety/fire risk. 3. it’s at your own risk. security risk .something or someone likely to cause danger or difficulty: The only reason she was considered a security risk was because her husband was a foreigner ►( o kimś) zagrożenie (potencjalne zagrożenie) a good/bad/poor riskThe company is quite a good risk (= safe to lend money to). 1. you run the risk of catching measles. loss or difficulty: Owners are reminded that they leave their cars here at their own risk. If you leave your car here. risk life and limb . 2. Tourists should avoid the area because of the health/security risk. Crossing the Atlantic in a rowing boat is a risky business/calculated risk.used to mean that you are responsible for any damage. c. ► ryzykować at your own risk . 6.
loose . worried : anxious. In a crisis try not to lose your head You shouldn’t let your dog loose on the road. efekt. such as paper. przegrywać.1 to no longer possess something because you do not know where it is. or to cause them to change ►oddziaływać. pencils and envelopes 2 good quality paper for writing letters on and matching envelopes ► papier listowy. wpływać effect (result)noun [C or U] 1 the result of a particular influence: ►wynik. It was really complimentary about my new outfit. wyrażający szacunek. niezmienny. You can buy paper. affect (influence)(v)-to have an influence on someone or something.noun 1 the items needed for writing.useful or attractive together: complementary colours/flavours/skills ►dopełniający. 7. grateful 3. Describing emotions p. 6.108 3a lose (not have) verb . pleased : thrilled. or because it has been taken away from you ► tracić. sad : regretful. ustalony stationery . elated 2.not moving. surprised : astonished.lost. uprzejmy. How will the changes affect you? My parents divorce had a big effect on me. gubić. pens etc in a stationery department. 4. 3. stunned 5. 8.let sb loose-to allow someone to do what they want in a place stationary – adj . apprehensive 4. pens. or not changing: a stationary car/train ► stacjonarny. nieruchomy. 5. Our car was stationary when the truck run into it. lost . Acupuncture and other complementary medicines are becoming more popular. 2. skutek 1.112 1.1 praising or expressing admiration for someone: ► pochlebny. materiały piśmienne complementary – adj . relieved : thankful. nieprzenośny.Words that are easily confused p. wzajemnie się uzupełniający. dejected . complimentary – adj .
►przygnębiony. I saw my sister's anxious face at the window. but I'm a bit apprehensive that no one will come. . because I had a train to catch.extremely happy and excited. She was stunned by the amount of support she received from well-wishers.adj . ►wdzięczny grateful . pełen troski apprehensive .adj . ►podekscytowany. ►zachwycony.showing or expressing thanks. What astonished me was that he didn't seem to mind. zachwycony.adj .adj .thrilled adj extremely pleased: [+ that] I was thrilled that so many people turned up to the party. elated .adj . ►zadowolony. The drought has made farmers anxious about the harvest. wniebowzięty relieved . [+ (that)] I'm relieved (that) you didn't tell her. regretful adj expressing regret: a regretful goodbye/glance/smile ►ubolewający. ►szokować stunned adj They stood in stunned silence beside the bodies. If you could get that report finished by Thursday I'd be very grateful.pleased or grateful for something: [+ that] I was thankful that the meeting didn't last long. I am stunned and saddened by this news. especially to another person: I'm so grateful (to you) for all that you've done. ►niespokojny.happy that something unpleasant has not happened or has ended: [+ to infinitive] I'm so relieved to find you . ►pełen obaw. often because something has happened or been achieved: The prince was reported to be elated at/by the birth of his new daughter.I thought you'd already gone.adj .verb . odczuwający ulgę thankful . niespokojny astonish . zniechęcony. They looked astonished when I announced I was pregnant.worried and nervous: My mother always gets a bit anxious if we don't arrive when we say we will. ►wdzięczny (za) anxious . bojaźliwy. He was relieved to see Jeannie reach the other side of the river safely. przybity.to surprise someone very much: I was astonished by how much she'd grown. disappointed or lacking hope: She looked a bit dejected when she was told that she hadn't got the job.feeling anxious about something that you are going to do: I'm a bit apprehensive about tomorrow's meeting. The doctors were astonished at the speed of her recovery. pełen żalu dejected adj unhappy.to shock or surprise someone very much: News of the disaster stunned people throughout the world. I've invited a lot of people to the party. astonished adj [+ to infinitive] I was astonished to see Miriam there. ►zdziwiony stun (shock) verb [T] -nn.
4. 12. Even though I didn’t win. 3.118 1. 5. If you won lots of money. In my job. One consequences of passing your driving test would be that you’d have a lot more independence 4.it's such a weight off my mind! came as a huge surprise . you think about it and worry about it a lot: I lost my temper with her the other day and it's been preying on my mind ever since.when a problem which has been worrying you stops or is dealt with: I'm so relieved that I don't have to do the after-dinner speech . a load/weight off your mind . He succumbed to temptation and had a large piece of chocolate cake. 7. Now the exams are over. . you’d be able to give up working. After retiring. They agreed to meet at a mutually convenient time. you’d be treated like a celebrity and invited onto TV chat shows such like. With a new baby you’d have to adapt your life style completely 5. he was deeply apprehensive (pełen obaw) 6. 4. regret .save it! 10. 9. As a winner of a big competition.noun . be over the moon . 5. (I feel very relieved) it’s a weight off my mind We were astonished when we heard the news. there’s considerable element of risk. can you really afford to smoke? 8.an unexpected event Last night's heavy snow came as a complete surprise. and a wish that it could have been different and better: I left school at 16. When it comes down to it.a feeling of sadness about something sad or wrong or about a mistake that you have made. but I've had a great life and I have no regrets. Her achievements speak for themselves. The thought of losing my job has been (worrying) preying on my mind for months. it might to be get used to not having a structure to your day.( I’m not sorry ) I have no regrets about taking part. 11. when you’re on the beach and I’m still here. Talking about change 1. He exposes himself to so many needless risk. Spare a thought for me tomorrow.If a problem preys on your mind. prey on your mind . he’s very nice person. but that’s beside the point. 3. Module 7 Review p. 2. 3. Don’t throw away your money on computer games. 2. When he set off in his boat.to be very pleased: She was over the moon about/with her new bike. I still shudder at the memory of the accident I had when climbing the mountain.b) Expressions 1. My parents were (thrilled) over the moon when they heard I was getting married. I give a different answer depending on who I am talking to. The news came as a huge surprise. 2.
etc: The chief of police said that he was committed to wiping out vice in the city. He really wants to succeed. I became really I got hooked on TV soap operas when I was ill in bed interested in TV soap operas. pobłażanie. 2 to be in a high position or in a position near the edge of something. dishonesty and lust are considered to be vices.when you indulge someone or yourself: Chocolate is my only indulgence. His health suffered from over-indulgence in (= too much) rich food and drink. drugs. dogadzanie ( sobie). problemy He spends money just for the sake of it. ill 2 [C usually plural] a problem: There seems to be no cure for Britain's economic/social ills. siadać.adj 1 familiar with something: She quickly became accustomed to his messy ways. or to put something in this position: The village is perched on top of a high hill. ►występek.120-121 bow to sb/sth . huge) impact on me. ►przycupnąć. I'm sorry I didn't ring you. zgadzać się perch (sit) verb perch in/on. sth to sit on or near the edge of something: We perched on bar stools and had a beer. słabość 2 [U] illegal and immoral activities. ►przyzwyczajony. When I was ill in bed recently. ►kłopoty. There's no point in pushing him too hard. If we clubbed/club together. All the pleasures and indulgences of the weekend are over. It's pointless making him work so hard. great. He spends money for no particular reason. pobłażliwość nadmierna vice (moral fault) noun 1 (a) moral fault or weakness in someone's character: Greed. przysiadać.noun . ►dogodne miejsce wysoko położone. I'm not accustomed to being treated like this. A blackbird was perching on the gate.to do what someone else wants you to do. we could get her a great leaving present. ►słabość. pride. She's not short of money. and I must get down to some serious hard work. usually unwillingly: Eventually the government was forced to bow to public pressure and reform the tax. especially involving illegal sex. I apologise for not ringing you. I never say I'm going to win in case I lose! When I heard her speak. (mainly humorous) My one real vice (= bad habit) is chocolate. przystawać. I'll never give up eating chocolates! 8A A changing society p. I never temp fate by saying I'm going to win in case I lose! Her speech made a profound (powerful. There's no chance that I'll ever give up eating chocolates! . zwykły (typowy dla kogoś/czegoś) indulgence . recently. She's got a lot of money. etc. envy. accustomed . ►uginać się.Let's share the cost and get her a great leaving present. it affected me profoundly. ►wada. What drives him is the desire for success.
happiness. ► dstępować.screeching with glee at … ►zadowolenie. ► potop ogle . radość conspicuous consumption noun . however. glee . achieve or remember: The answers to these questions remain as elusive as ever. excitement or pleasure: She opened her presents with glee. najazd reel sth off . .verb . tyres etc.a very powerful attack: It is unlikely that his forces could withstand an allied onslaught for very long.to look at someone with obvious sexual interest: I saw you ogling the woman in the red dress! ►wlepiać oczy ( pożądliwie) skew . find.to give something such as ownership to someone else. to twist or distort: The company's results for this year are skewed because not all our customers have paid their bills. elusive memories ►nieuchwytny. ►przechylać się. 2 a deluge of sth a lot of something: The newspaper received a deluge of complaints/letters/phone calls about the article. (of gears. relent . ► ustępować.when people spend a lot of money intentionally so that other people notice and admire them for their wealth ►szpan(owanie) hoarding . dać się ubłagać .verb .. Success.noun 1 a very large amount of rain or water: This little stream can become a deluge when it rains heavily.contentment -► zadowolenie.noun . ► gwałtowny atak.adj .billboard mugging . He was screeching with pain/laughter.verb . Scotland's onslaught on Wales in the second half of the match earned them a 4-1 victory. wymykający się cede verb .)piszczeć. oddawać.to say a long list of things quickly and without stopping: The old man reeled off the names of his twenty-two grandchildren.noun . ulotny.to cause something to be not straight or exact. trudny do uchwycenia.to act in a less severe way towards someone and allow something that you had refused to allow before: Her parents eventually relented and let her go to the party. przekazywać deluge . especially unwillingly or because forced to do so: Hong Kong was ceded to Britain after the Opium War. screech . satysfakcja elusive .an act of attacking someone and stealing their money: Police are concerned that mugging is on the increase. ► wrzeszczeć.difficult to describe. ► napad rabunkowy onslaught . remained elusive for her.to make a unpleasant loud high noise: She was screeching at him at the top of her voice. szturm. odchylać się. The security guard relented and let them through..verb .noun . zmięknąć.noun .
6. I'm going to remove the prohibition on computer games in my house .. a computer football game for hours.. role in developing co-ordination. 5. Television could play a crucial role in the transformation of the country. Dragon King Jigme lifted a ban on the small screen. Sony and Microsoft have captured the market. As I don't want people to say I am resisting progress. He is trying to catch speeding motorists. They have erected crowd barriers.. progress. 3. We used to think nothing of walking three days..122 1. 2.. I have decided.Verb phrases p. Although there are a number of systems.128-129 about pictures: a) The police have arrested somebody...... It's ironic that some people believe it's perfectly It's ironic that some people think nothing of playing normal to play a computer football game for hours. Many teenagers can quickly tell you the names of lots of popular games.and yet they can't be bothered to go into the garden to actually kick a football. 7.. The Dragon King bowed to popular pressure. Now we can't be bothered to walk to the end of the street. 8. Cable companies have had no trouble capturing the market for TV viewers. Sony and Microsoft have a large percentage of sales. this year.. . c) The police are carrying out crowd-control duties... e) The police officer is using a speed gun. As I don't want to stand accused of resisting I have decided. b) The police officer is carrying out desk work. Children reel off a list of comedy program..to give in to the family's demands. I'm going to lift the ban on computer games in my house Vocabulary: fighting crime p. It has been said that these games can be important in It has been said that these games can play a crucial developing co-ordination. 4. . He is protecting Prince William.and yet they are too lazy to go into the garden to actually kick a football. Although there are a number of systems. f) The police have sealed off the area while they attend the scene of crime. d) The police officer is carrying out protection duties.to bow to popular pressure. . this year.. Television stands accused of threatening to destroy the country. Many teenagers can reel off a list of the names of lots of popular games. .....
calls are not recorded. burglary or murder. Crimestoppers has received over 480. resulting in the arrest of over 44. 2. liaison – noun 1 communication between people or groups who work with each other: He blamed the lack of liaison between the various government departments. .to prevent people from entering an area or building. Only four per cent of callers actually take up (accept) this offer. Crimestoppers allows the general public to alert the police to criminal activities that affect their community. For people who might possess vital information.verb 1 to hurry after someone or something in order to catch them: The police car was going so fast. Crimestoppers creates an opportunity for them to come forward without fearing reprisals. The caller is given a unique code.000 suspected offenders. The key to the success of the scheme is that the callers always retain their anonymity.Roles of the police: – catch speeding motorists – patrol the streets – attend the scene of a crime – use a speed gun – arrest somebody (for being drunk and disorderly/ disturbing the peace) – carry out desk work – carry out protection duties – carry out crowd control duties – seal off the area – appear in court – crowd barrier – chase a suspect – crime prevention – community liaison – investigate/ solve the crimes – keep the peace – respond the emergency calls – help victims of crime seal sth off . and no written statement or court appearance is required. She was chasing (after) a man who had snatched her bag. such as drug-dealing. Since it was set up (established) in 1988.000 calls with useful information. which entitles them to a reward if the information secures a conviction. 2 [C] MAINLY US someone who helps groups to work effectively with each other: She served as a liaison between the different groups. The police have appointed a liaison officer to work with the local community. By providing its number. ► zabezpieczać chase (follow) . armed robbery. it must have been chasing someone. Crimestoppers • • • • • • • Crimestoppers is a registered charity which works with local communities and helps to harness public support in the fight against the crime. often because it is dangerous: Two more bombs have been discovered since the police sealed off the area. No names are asked for.
Every five days. . you are too lazy or tired to do it: I can't be bothered to iron my clothes. All our efforts will be worth it in the long run.zakazywać. 2. 7.to prevent someone from doing something. He didn't realise he had committed an offence (= a crime) It's time we initiated a public debate on terrorism. 3. 10. 8. Someone robbed him last night. 9. Suddenly there was a lot of crime. Some people can't even be bothered to lock their car. This digital music player suits me down to the ground. powstrzymywać 2 similar meaning The company changed the rules to allow people to work nights. This drug inhibits the growth of tumours.• • Over 55 million pounds worth of property has been recovered. He was a victim of a robbery last night. can't be bothered . Only one witness has come forward. We need to cut back on the amount of traffic on our roads. 5. We need to reduce congestion on our roads. 6. it suits them perfectly. The newspapers only seem to write about young people. ► 1. in the long run .If you can't be bothered doing/to do something. Module 8: Review p. suit sb (right) down to the ground . The law requires equal treatment for all. The government has published some highly controversial new proposals for educational reform.134 1. religion or sex. hamować. Only one witness has offered to help. The government bowed to popular pressure. German firms have captured over 70% of the market. 2. Parents play a crucial role in a child's upbringing. He didn't realise he'd done something wrong.If something suits someone down to the ground. as well as drugs to the value of the 60 million pounds.verb . inhibit . The newspapers seem (totally) preoccupied with young people. following calls to Crimestoppers. We don't want to inhibit people from expressing their views. The company lifted the ban on people working nights. someone is charged with murder or attempted murder. Suddenly there was a crime wave. It's time we got the public talking about terrorism. usually because it is convenient for them: Part-time work would suit me right down to the ground. regardless of race. or to slow down a process or the growth of something: Some workers were inhibited (from speaking) by the presence of their managers. Most evenings I can't be bothered cooking. 4.at a time that is far away in the future: It seems a lot of effort but I'm sure it's the best solution in the long run. The man was charged with armed robbery.
zator come forward .138 Vocabulary .convey (messages) 6. could be musical quiet. low. squeak 6. short .to end a rule or law: The restrictions on water usage have been lifted now that the river levels are normal. 9A Something to say p. long quiet.traces 13.take to the trees 20. moves away.noun .to offer to give help or information: No witnesses to the accident have come forward yet.look to ( the starling) 19. frighten off –scare away (a predator) 8.pungent substance 16.plaintive (call) 14. congestion . long.backs off 18. including – down to (their size) Sounds Sound 1. short. long (dudnienie) loud. short quiet. depend on.comes in on ( the conversation) 3. high. rumble 4. trumpet 2. high.infinitesimally small (vibrations) 2. does the same – responds in kind 17. At last they've lifted the ban on jeans at the club.verb . growl 8. common.emits ( a loud trumpeting sound) 7. long quiet. put into a code – encode (identify) 10. strong smelling. long loud. very low.account for ( the telepathic way) 9. croak Animal elephant lion elephant starling mouse snake dog frog characteristics loud. despite the police's appeal. makes. ► zatłoczenie. very low.evolved (a special alarm call) 22. high. extremely tiny. the reason for this is that – This reflect the fact that 12. Nobody has yet come forward with any information relating to the girl's death. frighten – intimidate (rivals) 15. low. whistle 5. small signs. hiss 7. solve – crack (a code) 4. przeciążenie. developed.pervasive (forms of communication) 5. interrupts. explain.blocked or crowded The (traffic) congestion in the city gets even worse during the summer. identify the difference – discriminate between (one chick and another) 11. roar 3. show.exhibit (very sophisticated behaviour) 21. musical loud. climb.lift . sad. communicate. similar meanings page 138 1.
. roar (of a crowd). to let the cat out of the bag – to give away a secret 3. but he’s obviously somewhere else. an audience – whistle. booted and hissed throughout his talk. a sporting event – whistle/roar 8. I’m not surprised Kathy’s phone bill is so high the way she rabbits on. The rubber soles of my shoes squeaked on the shiny floor. Animal idioms 1. anger – hiss. someone boasting ( chwalący się) – trumpet 9. she could talk the hind legs off a donkey. getting attention – whistle. 4. I know this information is true . 3.4 8. to hear sth straight from the horse’s mouth –to be told sth directly from the source 4. Gary said he was going to work. the wind – whistle/roar 5. fans yelled and whistled with excitement when the band came on stage. an old door – squeak 6. wouldn’t say boo to a goose –to be quiet or shy 7. thunder – rumble 3. 4. hiss ( in a pantomime) 4.b) word + sound verb 1. 5. Get out of my way’. which hated the speaker. an engine – roar 2. to talk the hind leg off a donkey –to speak at length about unimportant things 5. 7. nervousness – squeak / croak 10. 7. 6. ‘help’. My aunt Sally never stops chatting.I heard it straight from the horse’s mouth. roar 11. to smell a rat – to be suspicious about what you hear or see 2. to rabbit on about sth –to talk for a long time in an annoying way 6. Everyone roared with laughter when he told the joke. to say sth parrot fashion – to repeat sth without understanding it 1. a burst tyre – hiss 7. I smell a rat! 6. At school we had to learn poems and then repeat them parrot fashion. 5. she croaked her throat dry with fear. normally she wouldn’t say boo to a goose. growl. 3. but someone must have let the cat out of the bag. I am surprised Jen stood up to her boss like that. 2. James was so hungry that his stomach rumbled all through the meeting. It was supposed to be a surprise party. The audience. The company is proudly trumpeting the fact that it has won the contract. 2. growled (quietly)/ roared (loudly) the old man as he pushed past me. hiss 1.
► odróżniać. 2. Some people confess to crimes they haven't committed. They swore at me. unprecedented adj .152-153 stumble across/on/upon sth/sb phrasal verb to discover something by chance. I'm sometimes overwhelmed by the sheer amount of junk mail I receive. preoccupation ► chorobliwe zajęcie się jakimś problemem . 10. rozróżniać in kind 1 (of payment) given in the form of goods or services and not money: She wouldn't take any money but said I could pay her in kind by lending her the car. Back off. *2 If you do something in kind.► choć.150 1. niespotykany. discriminate (see a difference) verb . vocation . miękki. not just a job.noun . She emitted a peculiar screech which startled the audience. 3. so I answered in kind. will you! We'll tell you when we're ready. zajmujący. wzmacniać albeit . zamiłowanie.to be able to see the difference between two things or people: Police dogs can discriminate between the different smells. 7. Many kids can't discriminate between one brand and another. elastyczny. sprężysty. ► bez precedensu. " said the Minister.Module 9: Review p. (trade. Genetically modified crops could pose a threat to wildlife. underpin verb [T] -nn. you do the same thing to someone that they have just done to you. 6. ► (flexible) giętki. 9. Peter could talk the hind leg of a donkey. The level of hype surrounding the launch of this car is unprecedented.1 A pliable substance bends easily without breaking or cracking: Some kinds of plastic become pliable if they're heated. Let's hope that everything goes according to plan. 10A You have to laugh p. chociaż. ► podpierać. (fascinating) fascynujący. strength or a basic structure to something: He presented the figures to underpin his argument.adj ► nieodparty. ► powołanie. "We need teachers who regard their profession as a vocation.a type of work that you feel you are suited to doing and to which you should give all your time and energy. zawód. 4.to give support. aczkolwiek compelling . profession) zajęcie.adj . wspierać. pliable . 5. or the feeling of suitability itself: I feel I've found/missed my true vocation.never having happened or existed in the past: This century has witnessed environmental destruction on an unprecedented scale. or to meet someone by chance: Workmen stumbled upon the mosaic while digging foundations for a new building. 8.
złośliwy.Photo-journalists try to catch celebrities off-guard to get more natural pictures. a ~ circle błędne koło. discovered his future vocation by chance – stumbled across 3.trademark 7. apparent spontaneity that is in fact carefully planned-contrived 9.nondescript 8. he is very modest and not at all self-important. 7. Similar meanings 1. never said anything. 3. very ordinary words. he shakes (because he thinks of sth unpleasant)-shudders 11. 12.3.An actor’s career can easily go off-track if they choose the wrong part. Atkinson seldom gives interviews and prefers a low-profile lifestyle. provide a solid basis for his career – underpin 5. easily recognized and widely known face. a passion that is so strong that he thinks of little else –all-consuming 6. enjoy – relish collocations a phenomenal achievement a vicious satire/headache a nondescript suburban house/grey suit a contrived comedy/ story a all-consuming interest/ preoccupation forge an agreement/alliance utter (wypowiadać) a sound/name shudder at the thought/ with embarrassment 3.However. so actors often need to find other work. zawzięty.Atkinson is now a well-established comedy actor.Vocabulary 154. 4. a nasty and unpleasant filling –vicious 1. insist that-is adamant that 13. . 5. a harmful experience. 2.Acting tends to be a low-paid job. 6. developing a strong relationship – forging 4.debilitating 10. 1. an unusual and impressive success –phenomenal 14.never uttered a word 2.No self-respecting actor would appear in a shampoo commercial.
condition or remark that causes great physical or emotional pain: . 8. 12. zjadliwy.I've got a vicious headache. During his mime act. 3. easy to see. They have a small child so for obvious reasons they need money. 10. coś). 6. ►przeceniać (kogoś. . The speech was a bit OTT. The special effects were over the top – the were just too many of them. she's a hugely overrated singer. you'll need to book your ticket early. He built his reputation performing across the length and breadth of the country. No self-respecting singer would work without good musicians to back them. Puccini's operas are vastly overrated. . okrutny. 9. overrated . wadliwy. 2 describes an object.a vicious lie/accusation/rumour ► podstępny. błędny. 7. you go to every part of it: She travelled the length and breadth of Ireland looking for her missing brother.adj . przereklamowywać adamant . 4. 5.Module 10: Review p.If you travel the length and breadth of a place. He gave her a vicious look. nienawistny. ►nieugięty.impossible to persuade.to have too good an opinion of something: Be careful not to overrate the opposition.166 1. but do you have to make it so obvious? *Am I stating the obvious (= saying what everyone already knows)? . niewzruszony vicious . In my view. 2. złośliwy. especially in an uncontrolled way: I thought the decorations were way (= very) over the top. Many aspiring young artists can learn a lot from the older comedians. She was absolutely adamant that she wasn't going to pay any more for the tickets. fałszywy. the length and breadth of somewhere . przeholowywać \ obvious adj clear.Make sure you wrap up warmly .adj In my opinion. rozpustny over the top (abbreviation OTT) too extreme and not suitable.there's a vicious (= extremely strong and unpleasant) wind out there. recognize or understand: [+ (that)] It's obvious (that) she doesn't like him. 11. The producers claimed they were not out to manufacture a star. He turns his charm on and off like a tap. or unwilling to change an opinion or decision: [+ that] I've told her she should stay at home and rest but she's adamant that she's coming.1 describes people or actions that show an intention or desire to hurt someone or something very badly: a vicious thug a vicious dog The police said that this was one of the most vicious attacks they'd ever seen. ►przesadzać. overrate verb . I'd like to set up a new charity for out-of-work actors. I think he realised he'd gone over the top with the seating arrangements. narowisty. I know you don't like her.a large collection of vicious medieval torture instruments .adj . or demanding too much attention or effort. At the risk of stating the obvious. he doesn't utter a word. I've got a really vicious headache this morning.
Do you think his performance will ever improve? He's not working tonight. Many amateur stage productions formed/provided the basis for his later success in movies. . I started to laugh. Many amateur stage productions underpinned his later success in movies. He has an all-consuming passion for music. I have no objections to your going to the show. His only passion is music.2. As soon as he came on stage. It's a long-established tradition. It's a tradition that has been around for a long time. As soon as he came on stage. I burst out laughing. second-hand shop yesterday. Do you think there's any prospect of his performance ever improving? He's off duty/ not on duty tonight. I don't mind you going to the show. I discovered one of her old records in a second-hand I stumbled across one of her old records in a shop yesterday.