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SUBJECTIVE 35 MARKS

1. The drawing represents a vertical section through a leaf x 200

(a) Name the parts indicated by the letters 5M


A - E.

(b) What differences can you see between the palisade cells and the spongy mesophyll cells ?

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2M

(c) What is the function of C?

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2M

(d) (i) Name the features represented in the diagram, which are thought to adapt the leaf to its

function in photosynthesis. 2M
.
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(e) State three other structural features, not shown in the drawing, which are thought to be
adaptations to the process of photosynthesis in most leaves.
Explain briefly how these features contribute to the efficiency of photosynthesis. 2M

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f) Which of the following are most likely to be true? When the stomata are open, the leaf is
2M
(a) absorbing oxygen (d) giving off carbon dioxide

(b) giving off water vapour (e) giving off oxygen

(c) absorbing carbon dioxide


0.1 mm

3 (a) How many stomata are shown in this drawing of leaf epidermis? 2M

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(b) How many of the stomata are open? 2M

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(c) How many are likely to be open at night? 2M

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(d) What is the magnification of the drawing? 2M


1. Why the amount of bubbles increase as the lamp distance is closer to plant? 2M

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2. What is the limiting factor for this experiment ? 2M

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3 Describe how the amount of oxygen in the water is affected by the light intensity 2M

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4. Write down the photosynthesis equation for above experiment 2M

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5. The drawing shows an experiment to investigate photosynthesis in weed from a pond.

test-tube gas

beaker
water

funnel

pond weed
plasticine

Bubbles of gas produced during photosynthesis were given off from the pond weed and collected in the
test tube.

(a) Name the gas given off in photosynthesis

................................................................................................................... 2 mark

(b) What two substances are taken in by the plant and used for photosynthesis?

1. ..................................................................................................................

2. .................................................................................................................. 2 marks

Light of different intensities was shone onto the pond weed. The number of gas bubbles given off in one
minute at each light intensity was counted. The results are shown in the graph.

number of
bubbles per
minute

A B C D E
light intensity
(c) Which letter on the horizontal axis shows the light intensity at which the rate of photosynthesis

first reaches its maximum? ............................................................ 1 mark

Blue, green and red light were then shone, in turn, onto the pond weed. The number of bubbles

of the gas given off in one minute was counted. The results are shown in the table.

colour of light number of


bubbles in one
minute
blue 85
green 10
red 68

The leaves of the pond weed contain a green pigment which absorbs light for photosynthesis

(d) (i) Name this pigment............................................................................. 1 mark

(ii) Using the information in the table, tick a box by one colour of light which is strongly

absorbed by the pigment.

blue

green

red

1 mark
BIOLOGY

MAY 2017