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A Study on Utilization of Postnatal Care Services in Rural Area of

Ganjam District, Odisha.


Introduction: The postnatal period that is first six weeks after birth – is critical
to the health and survival of a mother and her new-born. Postnatal services help
to safeguard women and the new-born from complications following birth but
has not been utilized to the full extent due to many factors. The present study was
conducted to assess the utilization of PNC services and associated factors in rural
area of Ganjam District.
Methods: The cross‑sectional study was carried out among the mothers who had
delivered within 6weeks to 6months prior to the study in a rural block of Ganjam
district. Data were collected using a pretested questionnaire and analysed using
statistical software.
Results: Among 110 mothers, 85.5% of mothers received PNC and of them,
78.2% women received it within 48 hours of delivery. Of total, 8.2% availed only
one PNC. Complications were present in 5.4% cases. Literacy of mother, socio
economic status, birth order, frequency of ANC and place of delivery were
significantly associated (P<0.001) with utilization of PNC.
Conclusion: The study revealed that 14.5% of women did not receive PNC which
is a matter of concern. It also highlighted association of PNC with socio
demographic factors such as literacy status, SES, parity and place of delivery.
Strong supervision and monitoring will improve the coverage of quality PNC
services especially for mothers with low education and economic status.
Keywords: postnatal care, perinatal care, maternal health services, healthcare