22 views

Uploaded by Hafiz Tanveer

THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF PROCESS FLOW SHEET FOR H2 PRODUCTION FROM BIOMASS VIA STEAM GASIFICATION

- Enthalpy 2
- 2003 Solid Waste Conversion
- Iiii de Toate Tradus11111
- Funda Iron & Steel
- PDF Biomass 2
- fe0dc3ae-17cd-48d2-be17-af88f8b1b4e6(1)
- Ammonia Plant Simulation 25.08.2016
- kkk
- properties of steam
- Fuzzy
- Thermodynamics
- Thermodynamics_0.pdf
- Environmental
- Program Performa PLTU
- Gasifier and Engine Tables
- agricultural and forestry residues.pdf
- Gas if Ication
- 6 Prins slides2005-09-29_AIOmeeting
- energies-08-00094.pdf
- Conference on Bio diesel

You are on page 1of 15

GASIFICATION

POLYMER THERMODYNAMICS

5th Semester

Batch 2015-2019

Dr. Rabia Nazar Hafiza Fizza Zahid 2015-PE- 04

Hafsa Afzal 2015-PE-10

Hafiz Tanveer Ashraf 2015-PE-20

Muhammad Afaq 2015-PE-38

Saba Ejaz 2015-PE-50

2

Polymer Thermodynamics

Table of Contents:

1. Abstract 3

2. Introduction 3

3. Technical Approach 3

3.1 Process Development 3

3.2 Assumptions 4

3.3 Model Formulation for Calculations 5

3.3.1 Energy balance around the gasifier 5

3.3.2 Thermodynamic efficiency of the process 6

3.3.3 Energy balance around the scrubber 6

4. Calculations 7

4.1 Matlab script for steam and superheated steam generator 7

4.2 Matlab script for Enthalpy Calculations around the gasifier 8

4.3 Matlab script for energy balance around the gasifier 9

4.4 Matlab script for Enthalpy Calculations around the scrubber 9

4.5 Matlab script for energy balance around the scrubber 10

4.6 Matlab script for thermodynamic efficiency calculations 10

5. Results and Discussion 11

5.1 Mass Balance 11

5.2 Energy Balance 12

5.2.1 Results of steam and superheated steam generator 12

5.2.2 Results of energy balance around the gasifier 12

5.2.3 Results of energy balance around the scrubber 13

5.2.4 Thermodynamic efficiency of the process 14

6. References 15

3

Polymer Thermodynamics

1. Abstract:

The purpose of this report is to do thermodynamic analysis of process flow sheet for

hydrogen production from biomass via steam gasification with in-situ CO2 capture by calcium

oxide as sorbent. This analysis helps us to determine the thermodynamic efficiency of process.

This analysis incorporates mass balance and energy balance calculations. This report first gives

short introduction to the process and then methodology for the calculations is described

technically. And the final section of the report consists of results and discussion section.

2. Introduction:

Steam gasification is the method of converting carbonaceous materials into CO, CO2 and

H2 at high temperature without combustion using controlled amount of steam. Steam gasification

with in-situ CO2 capture by calcium oxide as sorbent is one of the most effective method to produce

H2 from biomass. Among all the processes steam gasification of biomass gives the highest yield

of H2. Moreover, using pure steam make the process economically feasible. There are many factors

on which the yield of H2 depends, which are given below. [1]

• Sorbent/biomass ratio

• Steam/biomass ratio

• Biomass type

• Biomass feed particle size

• Temperature

3. Technical Approach:

3.1 Process Development:

The process flow sheet for analysis is shown in Figure 1. Biomass is pretreated before

entering in the gasifier, i.e. the moisture is removed through drying and biomass is subsequently

grinded. At atmospheric pressure and temperature biomass and sorbent are fed to the gasifier. The

whole process is consisting of 3 sections that are

• Steam Generation

• Gasification

• Gas cleaning section

The steam that produced in steam generator is superheated to the 523K and fed to the gasifier. The

steam gasification reaction takes place in gasifier and the process is integrated with CO2 adsorption

step. Six major reactions take place in the gasifier that are listed in Table 1. Since steam

gasification is endothermic process so external energy Qr is supplied. Then the product gas is

filtered for the removal of ash and other solid particles. Next the gas is passed through the scrubber

for cooling. At last a pressure swing adsorption(PSA) unit is used to purify the H2 and we obtained

99.99% pure hydrogen. [1]

4

Polymer Thermodynamics

Figure 1. Process flow sheet for H2 production from biomass via steam gasification [1]

3.2 Assumptions:

Process parameters and operating conditions are assumed for energy and mass balance of

flowsheet. These are [2]

1. Biomass is assumed as char (C) only.

2. Biomass feed rate is 72g/hr.

3. Steam to biomass ratio is 3.

4. Steam to sorbent ratio is 1.

5. The reactions take place at constant volume & adiabatically.

6. The gasifier operates under steady state conditions.

7. Pressure is atmospheric throughout the process.

8. No tar formation during process.

9. Temperature should be between 800 to 1300 K.

10. There is no work done.

5

Polymer Thermodynamics

3.3.1Energy balance around the gasifier:

In gasifier following reactions are assumed to take place. [2]

No. Name of Reaction Reaction Equation ∆Hf (kj/mol)

1 Char Gasification C+H2O CO+H2 +131.5

2 Methanation C+2H2 CH4 -74

3 Boudouard C+CO2 2CO +172

4 Methane Reforming CH4+H2O CO+3H2 +206

5 Water Gas Shift CO+H2O CO2+H2 -41

6 Carbonation CO2+CaO CaCO3 -178.3

Table 1. Reactions that take place in gasifier

All the calculations are based on the first law of thermodynamic.

Energy balance equation is

Q+W=∆H+∆EK.E+∆EP.E (1)

With the assumptions given in section 3.2 the mass and energy balances around the gasifier are

represented by the following equations (2) and (5) respectively [3].

mChar+mCaO+mH2O = mH2+mCO2+mH2O+mCO+mCH4+mCaCO3 (2)

Since there is no work done, K.E and P.E are zero, so energy balance equation becomes

Q = ∆H (3)

Qs= Hout -Hin (4)

HChar+HCaO+HH2O+Qr = HH2+HCO2+HH2O+HCO+HCH4+HCaCO3 (5)

Here m and H represent mass and enthalpy of components. Qr represents the external energy

required for the process because steam gasification of biomass is an endothermic reaction. And it

is obtained by performing energy balance as given in equation (5).

The enthalpy of each component is obtained from equations (6) and (7).

H=m*(Hf +∆H) (6)

𝑇2

∆H=∫𝑇1 𝐶𝑝𝑑𝑇 (7)

component. ∆H of each component is calculated using the heat capacity equations (8) and (9). [4]

Cp=A+B*T+C*T2+D*T3+E/T2 (Shomate Equation) (8)

By integrating this equation between two temperature limits we get the following expression

∆H=A*(T2-T1)+(B/2)*(T22-T12)+(C/3)*(T23-T13)+(D/4)*(T24-T14)-E/(T2-T1) (9)

6

Polymer Thermodynamics

Where T=temperature(K)/1000

And ∆H=kj/mol

To convert the value of ∆H and Hf into kj/g we must divide it with molar mass(g/mol) of each

component. Molar mass of each component is given in Table 3.

The coefficient A, B, C, D and E for each component are obtained from the website NIST

Chemistry WebBook [4], given in Table 2.

The thermodynamic efficiency of the process is calculated using equation (10). [5]

𝐿𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 ℎ𝑒𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑑𝑢𝑐𝑡 𝑔𝑎𝑠

η = 𝐿𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 ℎ𝑒𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑏𝑖𝑜𝑚𝑎𝑠𝑠+(𝑄𝑟+𝑄𝑠𝑠𝑡+𝑄𝑠𝑡) (10)

Here Qsst and Qst is the energy required for the generation of super-heated steam and steam

respectively. And it is calculated by using eq. (11) w.r.t temperature change. [1]

Qst or sst = mH2O* ∆HH2O (11)

For Qst we must add enthalpy of vaporization in above relation due to the phase change of water

i.e. 40.7kj/mol.

The lower heating values (LHV) of biomass and product gas are obtained from equations (12) and

(13) respectively. [1]

LHV of biomass= mChar*LHVChar (12)

LHV of product gas= (mH2*LHVH2)+(mCO*LHVCO)+(mCH4*LHVCH4) (13)

LHV of product gas and char are given in Table 3. [6]

Then Energy balance calculations are performed around the scrubber using equations (1) and (14).

If there is no work done, no heat loss and no change in K.E and P.E. Then energy balance equation

becomes

∆H=0 (14)

HH2+HCO2+HH2O+HCO+HCH4 = HH2+HCO2+HH2O+HCO+HCH4 (15)

The enthalpy of each component is obtained from equation (16).

H=m*∆H (16)

And ∆H is obtained from equations (7), (8) and (9).

7

Polymer Thermodynamics

Components A B C D E

H2 33.066178 -11.363417 11.432816 -2.772874 0.158558

CO 25.56759 6.09613 4.054656 -2.671301 0.131221

CO2 24.99735 55.18696 -33.69137 7.948387 -0.136638

H2O 30.092 6.832514 6.793435 -2.534480 0.082139

CH4 -0703029 108.4773 -42.52157 5.862788 0.678565

Table 2. A, B, C, D, and E values for each component [4]

H2 0 120.971 2.01588

CO -110.5271 10.112 28.0101

CO2 -393.5224 44.0095

H2O -241.826 _____ 18.0153

CH4 -74.8731 50.009 16.0425

CaO -635.09 56.0774

Char 9.1253 18 12

CaCO3 -1206.9 100.087

Table 3. Hf, LHV and Molar Mass of each component [4], [6], [7], [8]

4. Calculations:

We take the basis of 1 hour for all the calculations. All calculations are done in Matlab. Matlab

scripts for calculations are given below.

clear

clc

Cp=4.184; %Cp of water in J/g_K

T1=298; %in K

T2=373; %in K

m=216; %in g

Qst=m*Cp*(T2-T1); %in J

Qst=Qst/1000; %in KJ

Qv=40.7; %heat of vaporization of water in KJ/mol

M=18; %molar mass of water in g

Qv=Qv/M; %Qv in KJ/g

Qv=Qv*m; %Qv for 216g of water

Qst=Qst+Qv;%energy required for steam generation.

disp('Energy required for steam generation is')

fprintf('\n Qst= %5.4f KJ\n',Qst)

CP=2.02; %Cp of steam in J/g_K

T3=523; %in K

Qsst=m*CP*(T3-T2); %in J

Qsst=Qsst/1000; %in KJ

disp('Energy required for superheated steam generation is')

fprintf('\n Qsst= %5.4f KJ',Qsst)

8

Polymer Thermodynamics

clear

clc

disp('Enthalpy calculations for output components ')

A=input('Enter the value of A');

B=input('Enter the value of B');

C=input('Enter the value of C');

D=input('Enter the value of D');

E=input('Enter the value of E');

T2=input('Enter the value of T2');

T1=input('Enter the value of T1');

T2=T2/1000; %formula requirement

T1=T1/1000; %formula requirement

deltaH=A*(T2-T1)+(B/2)*(T2^2-T1^2)+(C/3)*(T2^3-T1^3)+(D/4)*(T2^4-T1^4)-E/(T2-

T1); %in KJ/mol

Hf=input('Enter the value of Standard heat of formation of component in

KJ/mol');

M=input('Enter the molar mass of component in g/mol' );

H=deltaH+Hf; %in KJ/mol

H=H/M; %in KJ/g

m=input('Enter the mass flow rate of component in g/hr');

H=m*H %in KJ

m=96.7978; %mass flow rate of CaCO3 in g/hr

cp=0.00076; %cp of CaCO3 in KJ/g_K

Hf=-1206.9; %Standard heat of formation in KJ/mol

M=100.08; %molar mass in g/mol

T2=1150; %in K

T1=298; %in K

deltaH=cp*(T2-T1); % in KJ/g

Hf=Hf/M; %in KJ/g

H=Hf+deltaH;%in KJ/g

H=m*H %in KJ

%calculations are given below.

%Since we use the heat of formation only for enthalpy

%calculations of reactants so we calculate the enthalpy of reactants as

M=input('Enter the molar mass of component in g/mol' );

Hf=input('Enter the value of Standard heat of formation of component in

KJ/mol');

m=input('Enter the mass flow rate of component in g/hr');

H=m*(Hf/M) %in KJ

9

Polymer Thermodynamics

%Energy Balance around the gasifier

%%All values are in KJ

clear

clc

%Enthalpies of input stream

HChar=54.7518;

HCaO=-815.4173;

HH2O=-2899.4;

%Enthalpies of output stream

HH2=86.7678;

HCO2=-196.0803;

HH2O1=-2123.2;

HCO=-117.9135;

HCH4=-0.9756;

HCaCO3=-1104.6;

Hin=HChar+HCaO+HH2O; %Total enthalpy of input stream

Hout=HH2+HCO2+HH2O1+HCO+HCH4+HCaCO3;%Total enthalpy of output stream

Qr=Hout-Hin;

%Qr is the energy supplied to the gasifier because it is an endothermic

%reaction, So sign for this heat is +ve.

disp('Energy required for steam gasification reaction is')

fprintf('\n Qr= %5.4f KJ',Qr)

clear

clc

disp('Enthalpy calculations for output components ')

A=input('Enter the value of A');

B=input('Enter the value of B');

C=input('Enter the value of C');

D=input('Enter the value of D');

E=input('Enter the value of E');

T2=input('Enter the value of T2');

T1=input('Enter the value of T1');

T2=T2/1000; %formula requirement

T1=T1/1000; %formula requirement

deltaH=A*(T2-T1)+(B/2)*(T2^2-T1^2)+(C/3)*(T2^3-T1^3)+(D/4)*(T2^4-T1^4)-E/(T2-

T1); %in KJ/mol

Hf=input('Enter the value of Standard heat of formation of component in

KJ/mol');

M=input('Enter the molar mass of component in g/mol' );

H=Hf/M; %in KJ/g

m=input('Enter the mass flow rate of component in g/hr');

H=m*H %in KJ

10

Polymer Thermodynamics

%Energy balance around the scrubber

%All values are in KJ

%Enthalpies of input stream

HH2Oi=324.2373; %at 1150K

HH2i=86.7678;

HCO2i=23.5383;

HH2O1i=10; %at 298K

HCOi=36.7213;

HCH4i=1.6347;

%Enthalpies of output stream

%Since there are two output streams at different temperatures so out put

%enthalpies are obtained by adding them.

HH2O=56.6047; %from 1150K

HH2=84.6335+0.0049;

HCO2=15.2319+1.7125;

HH2O1=287.1102; %from 298K

HCO=35.7056+0.0363;

HCH4=1.6061+0.001;

%Total enthalpy of input stream

Hin=HH2i+HCO2i+HH2O1i+HH2Oi+HCOi+HCH4i;

%Total enthalpy of output stream

Hout=HH2+HCO2+HH2O1+HH2O+HCO+HCH4;

fprintf('\n Hin=% 5.4f KJ \n Hout=%5.4f KJ\n',Hin,Hout)

%Thermodynamic efficiency calculation of the process

clear

clc

%mass flow rate of components in g/ hr

mH2=6.8659;

mCO=38.9329;

mCH4=0.5566;

mChar=72;

%LHV of components in KJ/g

LHVH2=120.971;

LHVCO=10.112;

LHVCH4=50.009;

LHVChar=18;

%Q for steam, superheated steam and for gasification process in KJ

Qst=556.1808;

Qsst=65.4480;

Qr=204.0639;

%Thermodynamic efficiency calculation

n=((mH2*LHVH2)+(mCO*LHVCO)+(mCH4*LHVCH4))/((mChar*LHVChar)+(Qst+Qsst+Qr));

n=n*100;

fprintf('\n Thermodynamic efficiency=%5.4f percent',n)

11

Polymer Thermodynamics

5.1 Mass Balance:

Mass balance results of the process are shown in the Figure 2. These results are obtained from an

article [2].

H2=6.8688g

CO=39.1880g H2=6.8688g

CO2=24.561g CO=39.1880g H2O=200g

CO2=24.561g H2=6.8659g

CH4=0.5593g F8

CH4=0.5593g CO=38.9329g

CaO =72g H2O=182.3251g

H2O=182.3251g CO2=16.1919g

F3 Ash=9.7000g

Char=72g CH4=0.5566g

Sorbent

F1 F5=263.2022g F7=253.5022g (99.99%)

F10=62.5473g H2=6.8659

Biomass

F12

Steam

F2

H2O=216g

F4

CaCO3=96.7978 F6 F9=390.9549g F11=37.979g

g Ash=9.7000g H2O=382.3251g CO=38.9329g

H2=0.0029g CO2=16.1919g

CO=0.2551g CH4=0.5566g

CO2=8.3691g

CH4 =0.0027g

12

Polymer Thermodynamics

Energy balance results are obtained by running the above mfiles in Matlab. These are given below.

These calculations are done in Matlab script given in section 4.1. The results obtained are

Results of energy balance around the gasifier are given below.

Enthalpies of input and output components are obtained by putting the values of respective

components in Matlab script 4.2. The results obtained are given below.

Enthalpies of input components:

HChar=54.7518 kj

HCaO= -815.4173 kj

HH2O= -2899.4 kj

Enthalpies of output components:

HH2= 86.7678 kj

HCO2= -196.0803 kj

HH2O= -2123.2 kj

HCO= -117.9135 kj

HCH4= -0.9756 kj

HCaCO3= -1104.6 kj

13

Polymer Thermodynamics

Energy balance around the gasifier is performed in Matlab script given in section 4.3 that yields

Since steam gasification of biomass is an endothermic process and consumes a lot of energy. So,

Qr is the energy required for gasification process. And it is supplied to the gasifier by an external

source. Qr value is +ve in this case.

5.2.3 Results of energy balance around the scrubber:

Enthalpies of input and output components are obtained by putting the values of respective

components in Matlab script 4.4. And the results obtained are given below.

Enthalpies of input components:

HH2= 86.7678 kj

HCO2= 23.5383 kj

HH2O at 1150K = 324.2373 kj

HH2O at 298K = 10 kj

HCO= 36.7213 kj

HCH4= 1.6347 kj

Enthalpies of output components:

Since there are two streams out from the scrubber at different temperatures so, enthalpies at each

temperature are given below.

Enthalpies of output components at 1004K

HH2= 0.0049 kj

HCO2= 1.7125 kj

HH2O from 298K = 287.1102kj

HH2O from 1150K = 56.6047kj

HCO= 0.0363 kj

HCH4= 0.0010 kj

14

Polymer Thermodynamics

HH2= 84.6335 kj

HCO2= 15.2319 kj

HCO= 35.7056 kj

HCH4= 1.6061 kj

Energy balance around the scrubber:

Energy balance calculations around the scrubber are performed in Matlab script given in section

4.5. The results obtained are given in the figure 5.

From the above results it is proved that there is no energy loss during the cooling of the product

gas. It is an ideal case in actual cases it’s not happened.

Thermodynamic efficiency calculations are provided in matlab script section 4.6 and the results

obtained are given in the figure 6.

Almost 60% efficiency shows that the process is economically and thermodynamically feasible.

And its yield the high amount of pure H2.

15

Polymer Thermodynamics

6. References:

[1] Abrar Inayat, Murni M Ahmad, M I Abdul Mutalib, Suzana Yusup. Flowsheet Development

and Modelling of Hydrogen Production from Empty Fruit Bunch via Steam Gasification. Chemical

engineering transactions Volume 21, 2010

[2] Abrar Inayat, Murni M Ahmad, M I Abdul Mutalib, Suzana Yusup, 2010. Flowsheet Modelling

of Biomass Steam Gasification System with CO2 Capture for Hydrogen Production.

[3] Mahishi, M. R. and Goswami, D. Y. 2007. Thermodynamic optimization of biomass gasifier

for hydrogen production. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32,3831-3840.

[4] NIST Chemistry WebBook

[5] Mahishi, A. R., Sadrameli, M. S., Vijayaraghavan, S. and Goswami, D. Y. 2008. A novel

approach to enhance the hydrogen yield of biomass gasification using CO2 sorbent. Journal of

Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 130, 011501.

[6] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heat_of_combustion

[7] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_enthalpy_of_formation

[8] https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/specific-heat-solids-d_154.html

- Enthalpy 2Uploaded bySB KP
- 2003 Solid Waste ConversionUploaded byЭ. Энхбаяр
- Iiii de Toate Tradus11111Uploaded bysapcuta16smen
- Funda Iron & SteelUploaded bypecmett
- fe0dc3ae-17cd-48d2-be17-af88f8b1b4e6(1)Uploaded byjnmanivannan
- PDF Biomass 2Uploaded byMurali Krishnan Nair
- Ammonia Plant Simulation 25.08.2016Uploaded byManish Gautam
- kkkUploaded bySeruzna Ishx
- properties of steamUploaded byProf. Jignesh Sohaliya
- FuzzyUploaded bypthanhnguyen
- ThermodynamicsUploaded byANIL
- Thermodynamics_0.pdfUploaded byRajeev Kaushik
- EnvironmentalUploaded byShane Lim
- Program Performa PLTUUploaded byFerry Mandila
- Gasifier and Engine TablesUploaded byjoshua surbakti
- agricultural and forestry residues.pdfUploaded byHalime Erol Yücel
- Gas if IcationUploaded bybomma
- 6 Prins slides2005-09-29_AIOmeetingUploaded byReinier Abreu Naranjo
- energies-08-00094.pdfUploaded byJaydeep Patel
- Conference on Bio dieselUploaded bydebashis panda
- Biomass Energy EcuadorUploaded byAnonymous fnjmHUWh
- 2477-4730-1-PBUploaded byRanndolf Javier
- 269-1312-1-PBUploaded byyudi permana
- 1C3G-RG-CK0008_3of3-00Uploaded byThidade Eiamsai
- ACTEnergySubmission2010-03-04Uploaded byColin Dunstan
- GasiFier Experimental Kits V 3 Fabrication steps.Uploaded byBlueBird
- TechniquesUploaded byHotib Perwira
- hfc134aeng.pdfUploaded byAngel Daniel Garciajoya
- UntitledUploaded bymahesh_eil
- Mitsubishi Icgcc Dewatering MethodUploaded byAhmad Suryantoko

- Thermocouples experiment: To determine the time constant of a typical Iron-Constantan thermocouple.Uploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- AzeotropeUploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- Heat transfer lab.pdfUploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- Process Engineering Computing PpeUploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- Lab Report of Fundamentals of Polymer Engineering LabUploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- Presentation (Memory of Water)Uploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- Presentation1-4Uploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- Memory of WaterUploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- Temperature Process RigUploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- OEL3Uploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- OEL2Uploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- OEL1Uploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- MethanolUploaded byHafiz Tanveer
- Multi functional AdditivesUploaded byHafiz Tanveer

- Hitachi ChillerUploaded bytrantrunghoa1984
- Flow in Open Channels pptUploaded byAnil Nani
- CIRCOR Energy US Valve Brand Product Summary[1]Uploaded bylavb310
- Flue-Gas Desulfurization - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded byPraveen Khatri
- Water-Assisted Flow of Heavy Oil and Gas in a Vertical PipeUploaded byPaola Gamiño
- Chemical Filter Cartridge A2B2E2K2 P3Uploaded byZeina Farhat
- Tyco Crosby SilencersUploaded byOgenioja
- shaftseal_chapter2.pdfUploaded byImmanuel Automaton
- MCQs ME6604 SCAD MSM by EasyEngineeringUploaded byrameshneupane
- ERHARD Kavitation EnUploaded byAnonymous wdALVwJXa
- Ch 05 Turbofan CycleUploaded byIndra Jaya
- ch06Uploaded byNeil Dalal
- SeperatorUploaded bychetanmale
- AP Chapter 5 - GasesUploaded byAnaliaMertinez
- Drilling Formulas Calculation Sheet Verson 1.4 (1)Uploaded byPaulofoguinho
- CCC White Paper a Total Integrated Approach 2012Uploaded byrodruren01
- Development of a Condenser for Marine Florae Pyrolysis ReactorUploaded byRichard Jess Chan
- Everything ElseUploaded byNorthernPropane
- Ammonium ChlorideUploaded byFahmi Januar Anugrah
- Cengel Heat Transfer Errata SheetUploaded byDINESH KUMAR
- mppsUploaded byChristen Romero
- Week 8 Civil.pptUploaded byWaqarSaleemCh
- MIT2_25F13_Solution10.05Uploaded byIhab Omar
- Example 13Uploaded bywizerth apk
- Engineering Data : Packaged Air Conditioners Floor stand Type, Duct Stand Type (2015)Uploaded byAdam Chan
- Comparing Reciprocating Pumps and Centrifugal PumpsUploaded byTruong Minh Hoang
- Boiler Operator Study GuideUploaded bySantiago Duran
- Linde AR 2013 for Web523_120076Uploaded byJj018320
- ConvectionUploaded byFaheem Fiaz Chohan
- HEAT TRANSFER Equations Module 6Uploaded bygaza001