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# 1. What is well foundation? Show all components in a neat sketch.

## Discuss the remedies for tilt and

shift of well foundation. (7) [072 B]
2. Mention the sinking procedure of the well foundation. Also, describe the grip length and scour
depth. (8) [071 R]
3. Describe the various components of well foundation with neat sketch. (4) [071 B]
4. A circular well of 6 m external diameter and 4 m internal diameter is embedded to a depth of 15
m subjected to a horizontal force of 800 kN acting at a height of 8 m above the scour level.
Determine the allowable total equivalent resisting force due to earth pressure assuming the tilt is
about a point above the base. Take 𝛾𝑠𝑎𝑡 = 20 kN/m3,ɸ = 300 and factor of safety for passive
resistance = 2.0. (4) [071 B]
5. Describe well foundation with a neat sketch. At what circumstances well foundation is proposed?
(6+2) [070 R]
6. What is well foundation? Write down the operation involved in sinking the well foundation. (8)
[070 B]
7. How will you decide the depth of well foundation? Describe the possible techniques to eliminate
the tilt and shift of well during sinking. (8) [069 R]
8. Is it necessary to analyze the lateral stability of well foundation? If so, describe why and how it is
to be carried out. (2+6) [068 R]
9. Explain the different types of caissons with their advantages and disadvantages. Describe the
different parts of well foundation with neat sketch. (3+4) [068 R/B]
10. Write short notes on: Component parts of well foundation (4) [067 R/B]; [065 R/B]
11. What is caisson foundation? Explain the different types of caisson foundation with neat sketch.
(1+3) [067 R/B]
12. Difference between pier and caisson (4) [066 B]; [065 R/B]
13. Explain the conditions that are suitable for the selection of caisson foundation. Briefly explain the
different types of caisson foundation. Furnish your answer with neat sketches. (3+5) [065 R/B]
14. Distinguish between pier foundation and well foundation. Draw a neat sketch diagram of well
foundation with its components and briefly explain them. (2+4+2) [064 R/B]
15. Describe the various method of correcting the tilts and shifts during sinking of caissons. (8) [060
B]
16. Describe the types of pile load test. Also describe the set up and methodology of pile load test.
(8) [061 B]
17. A pile group consists of 9 friction piles of 30 cm diameter and 10 m length driven in clay (cu = 100
kN/m2,𝛾 = 20 kN/m3). The piles are arranged in square pattern and the center to center spacing is
kept 750 mm. Determine the safe load for the pile group. Take FOS = 3.0 and 𝛼 = 0.6. (8) [060 B]