i

L __

. ."" ... - ... -''rT""'----''"'":"----:-- -r-r:

"_

. "

"_

INDEX

. CLAS$"1J~'";': ~SC' ~'D, E-)if';-" . CLASS··D"

,CLASS· !

ssi':baDgers" '"~~~~~l.s (General)

......... .

._ ,R.eactl)ra Towe:r~,

'CLASS F CLASS H

ctA$s -:1' CLASSM. CLASS .0',"

0" P.ulDps 6' C61Dpre~sors.

, .. ,: ", ,:

_" Pipi~g

. .- , .

r

In'U~Ii.ts

;

I

lir;~

, ' '.

\

L

_ ... _ .. _ ' .... -

"" ' '.~'

!:,

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

I ~

N - Not Ava11abh

, ,.

PAGI

" . .._

- SECTION

DATI REV 30

'{DPIC NO.

, .. • 1I0~ iDclwlac1 in the Pipi.S Divuiou Manuals - AvaUabl. in the Coapaay

. Sta4aru , Spec1fica~iou' Volumu

Abbl"ev1ad.O!I8

Abbreriac10u in alphabetical od.r tl1SC~t (5_ola)

P:LpiDl Din..1o'il

Word. in alphabetic&! order

~1jS Diains

Area - See Ploc Plao Ter=inology

~ Ene. Std. -;_i-2S
De.11D (J 8~0
Desk U t.O
• Eal. Std,. 1-1S
Desk IX 5.4 Battery L1m1t '~ 5 •• P10c Plan-Ter.z1nology aend.

D •• k De •• Spec.; M4O-1D
Desk Std. Owl· 5-168,,:,1 ;0 11,
Desk Des. Spec. K40-LD
D •• k' Eng. Std. ' Hl7-1S
D •• 1p, a'- 3.1
Dedan S' 3.2
Desk EnS· Stele M4-~S Ilanks (IUnds)

Circular' Fig. 8, v/spacers (Dim's) Who 1eq'c1

101 t D1lIlensiou

Itaekets .. Also see Platform, bdl. Davit

Vessel Davit

Branch FiCtus' Bl"CWft F1Acub. '

Da~l. Pipe ExchaD,er, ;'ff ','" Tank Hucar

B~U41a1

'CCmpr ... or (Se. Campr."ol"s:l:· ~of1DI' Siel1n1'

;' ~ luner 'ip~S

'Gen.l"al Nat101lal· AiRl 'eabody (Wall) Z1nk (nQor)

'Zink (Wall)

(Wall , rloor)

• .'\

/

Std. Cac., ~ ;CS~O-l Std. __ C.~,:_:~S67"1

*

~"11D Desk Desk n •• k Desk

,I, 6.0

!nl'~ Sd. 100-95 -~I"- Sc4., Mlo-as !nl.,~ Sc4~ ,100:-75

, ·~8(. ,Std. ~', ., H3D-g$ ,

I' I

, ,

I L

ENGINEEfllNG DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

SUBJEct

Cha1DOp.r.~ors (Babbi~t)

'Checld.DI Procedure Abovelrouud Uadeqroun4

Clear_ce. " G.erU

Piping, HiD. Clearance ~or 'arallel ~

Color Codinl of Shop lab. Pipinl

Compre.sors Centrifula1 Drive.

General Mata~s Turbine.

Condensing Back Pr •• sura. Ga.

Generu,

Hous .. , Shel~er. IastallatiOD

Down Oriented Compr.ssor No:=le. Up Orienud Ccmpre •• or Hozzle.

Intent,ale Cooling

Lube , Seal Oil Systems JoUsc.

Piping

KeciprocuiDg

SuctiOZl DruID

Vendor Drav1nS llequ1raenU (Prel:bWiary)

Concrete

FoUftda:iaa. , Structure.

Coot:ol Valv .. - See Valve.

CoQversion tabl ••

Fahreah.it ~o Cantiarad. Fe.t to Hiat.r.

F •• t to _ .. Ref. nevation

Coupling.

Dr .... :

Vlctua11.c

Davits

EzchaD.ger HaD.I101e Selec1:1on of Standard

SECTION Indft
DATI REV 30 NOV 81
PAC! 2 of 9
HANtfAL TAB TOPIC NO .•
.
Dak Std. C:a~. K1.S2 .. 1-2
Desk Procedure. 2 • .0
Design Under around 4. 3
De.k De •• Spec. 10-lD
halpl H 2.0
* EAS. S~d~ 1Il .. !S.
J. 3~0
N
N
N
N
N
..
N
QUlp J 2.0
:a..tau J 10.0
Dasip J 4.0 '
N
DeSign J 9.0
De.ip J 8.0
IIesip J u.o
Desian J U.o
Desian J 3.2'
nasllD J 9'.0
Desian J 13~0
* Des. Sp.,c. A~O-lJ)· * Deslt

Desk

t .. bl .. ,..le. Tab1"·

£3;"020'" :!3~lDO lOS'O-OU):

Desk Desk

Std. Cae. sed.Ca;.

Hl.71"1~1. M171-2-1

* Dulp

*

*

.St~. l)I8. ' D, :1 & F De •• , Data En, .. Sed.

SS61~i&:z, 4.0.: 019G-OJ;P B23~2S &. 3S

i .

l .

\ .

. '

lkuIIa Geitilral

Borizon~al , V.r~1cal (Layou~)

. SucUon, Compres.or (See Cc:nII.pr •• sors)

ExchaDg.rs· Dav1~ •.

Dav1~ Braekee Double lip. Bandling Facilities

lipiDg &equlremene. (Layou~ , Design) Size , Typ. Designatlon

- ..

e

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

SUBJECT

Decimal Equivalenu of an Inch

Drains

lip ins

DrawUl Nuab.a .• Seal ..

Siz ••

Drip LeS. - Se. Steam

Exbaus~ Bead Hoppes Swarcwou~

Expansion of Pip ins

Face Dlsc

r:L1~er.

Air (Adams)

Firaproofinl· !'it~1n ..

au~~ Weld, S.W •• Tbd. (Dim) c.n.ral

t..cns Taa.sen~ ·(Dims)

n_ A:ra.~ors Shud , Jura

na1bla Met-a1 lIa.a

tiask

D .. k Desk Desk

Dasip. Dasip

*

*

*

* Desip

Deslgn

• •

*

*

Desk *

Desk. Desk Desk

Desk

roun~a1n B"48 - S.. Drinking Fount.ain l!alaey W. Taylor Co •

SECTION

Index

DATE REV 30 NOV 81

PAGE 3 of 9

TAJ

TOPIC NO.

Tables

ES.OSl

IX

5.0

IX I IX

Pg. 11&12 3.1.S

PCo 11

D. E , !' ' F

Std. Owg_ S~d. Dva. S~d_ Cae. EDg. Std .• C

e

5-561-3 & 4 5-561-1 & 2 eSSO-1 823-15 S.1thru 8.5 C1-lS

Std. Cae. Ml6S-11 Sell. Cat. Hl65~1

0. •• Dau 1100-01Ii Std. Dwg. S1S1-3

sd.C!lt. Ml6Q·S

·De •• Spec. 1'41:"11) EnS .. Sd~'·P';:Z-lS

VIII

0... ~p,AA. K4~]j) .EnS. S~d.~2"3$

Std •. C.t. Ml6s .. 1 Eng.:S.Cd. Hl4-1S

Del.· Spec. 1.40-11)

.- ENGINEERING SICTION Index
·r} ;
0 DESIGN DEPARTMENT DATI REV 30 NOV 81 "j
' . 2
.; PIPING DIVISION PAGI 4 of 9 .; ..
\ "
r
"I·
SUBJECT HANUAL TAB TOPIC NO.
I'umac ..
Gderal. ~s1p B 1.0
Pipinl
Ai:. Blow4awn 6 Header" Box Drain ~.It. Enl· Std. lOO-35
Fuel Sy.t_ D •• It. Enl· Stci. 'H3O-lS
Gc.:al ~a:f.lu B 6.0
Stum ~.k E:cl· Std. 100-25
Platforms 6 Supports ~sip I 5.0
Plot PlaD Location D .. ip B 4~0
Steam Gen.ration DedlD B 7.0
Te~loll' De.ilD I 3.0
Typ •• DesilD B 2.0
Cuuu D •• k Eng. Std. 18-15
GruiDI * EDI· Std. H22-'lS
Handling f
Equipment Handlin. Faciliti.s Design 11 823-SS
Exchanger * Eng. Std. 823-15
, BUlClr~llinl D •• ilD H H20-lS
aead..
Dished. & Elliptical Design D. E & F 3.2a
Rose Stations Desk IX 9.0
Hydranu
Fr •• z. Proot. Sinsle 1I0s. Conn. Desk Std. Dwg. 5167-3
Freu. Proof, Hultip1. Hos. Coml. Desk Std .. Dwl., 5167-6
Kelly Desk Std. cae. KlS2-U
Ia.cruaeut.
ADalyz.l'S Design 0 S.O
CoDtrol V.lv .. - S •• Valva.
De.ip, Desk De •• Sp.e;. 040-1D
Des1ga Sbeche. wi D1III. fin Level Alums Dedp 0 9.0
& Gage Glu •••
nov lzLaC1:UIIeDts Desip 0 2.0
Lavel IIlatZUllMlts D •• ign 0 3~O '
Liquid Lave! Operators De.k Std. Cat. 0404 .. 3, ,to' ~6
Pitot TUD •• & Venturi De.il11 0 7.·0 "
Pr ... ur. lastruments D.81111 0 1.0
Pr ••• ur. tu.trument Locations' Design Q 022-15
a,e. 'laue
Sipt now Indicators * 5t4. Cat. 0402-1
S}'1IIbob Desilll 0 ~.O
Temperatur. In.~rum.nts Design 0 6.0
'- r> - ENGINEERING -SECTION Index
;
!! DESIGN DEPARTMENT
0 DATE REV 30 NOV 81 2
S PIPING DIVISION
PAGE 5 of 9
SUB.n:CT HANUAL TAB 'tOPIC NO.
IuttulHDU (eoat'd.)
Tiap.rature tn.tZUllUt Leeadons Design 0 023-1S
. Th.rmo Vell CQ:Inec~ions Desk. EnS_ Std. 020-15
W"ulat:l.cnl
I1Ib T.mpera:ur. (Thickness) Desk D ••• Spec. P40-1D
lli;h Teperature (Typ. Details) * Enl· Std. P40-l5
'Lav Temperature (Thickness) Dnk De •• Spec. 1'40-m
Low T.mp.ratur. (Typ. De~ailw) Desk. EnC. Std. 1'40-25
I'.rsoanel Protection N
Isometnc Delk II
by Pl_ (Plan of Pipinl - Abov. Grade) Den I
. Ladd.rs
Feno V.rt.· V •••• ls De.ip B ~O-2.S .
HD. lAnlCl Desk De ... · Spec. 10-1D
ta,s
V.rtical Ves.el Criteria DeSign D' E " F 2.0
Lab. 011 Syst ... (See Compressors)
MaiDteaance Bequiremants
Gen.ral (Equipment Bandl1ns.Faclliti •• ) D .. ilft H al3-55 .
Proc... Plaut Layout . Desk D ••• Spec. 10-1D
Mitered Elbows . Desk' Std. Owa· 5153-1&2
c.a.aral Desk Des .• Spec. M4O-1D
Hcbile HantU1n, Equ:lpm8Dt .. Cl.arance Desian B 823-6S
Requiraents
Kotora
. CGIIpre .. or (5 .. COmpr.ssors)
Nozzle.
Projection" !Usc. Info. De.ign D, ! & ., 3.0 thru 3.8
'ainting * Des. Sp.c. 142-1D
Pa:ri:cl
Concret. Grading ,. Surfacing * D ••• Spec. A40-lD
llequirmaancs (P%Gcn. Plant Layout)· Desk De •• . Spec. ic-in
Pipinl .. ·S.e Specific Items
c.aeral Requirements Desk Des. Spec. H40-lD
H1Dimum Clearance. Design H 2.0 (~' - ENGINEERING SleTtON Index
;;
~
C; DESIGN DEPARTMENT DATI REV 30 NOV 81 2
;
~ PIPING DIVISION PAGE 6 of 9
II:
SUBJEct ' KANttAL TAB TOPIC NO.
Plant Layou.t
, General Requiremants Desk Des. Spec. 10-10
Information on P.L.D. (Exs:,hanlers) Desip. C' 7.0
Information on P.L.D. (lteac~ors) Desiln D S.O
Information OIl P.L.D. (Tqwers) Desip. E 10.0
, Information on P .L.D. (D1:UJILS) Desip F 7.0
Placfoftl
'Bracut Spac11l1 & Width (Ver~. V .... b) Dea1sa H 1.1
Circular wI Gratins Dedp R 825-65
Circular wI P1.& te Deslln B H2S-ZS
General Requirements Desk Des. Spec. 10-10
Horizontal Vessels (P~anain~ Info.) ·Desian F 4.7 & 5.0
Top Head Desiau B 2.1 & 2.2
, Trapezoidal w/Grating Desip H· HZ5-SS
Trapezoidal w/Plate .' Design B R2S';4S
Vertical V •• sals (Planning Info.) Design E 8.0
Plot Plans
Tem1tlololY Desk XX 1.0
Types of Unit Desk IX 2.0
PumPs - General ArTangemellC: of Pumps & o.sign J 1.0
Sketches of Typ. Pumps & Turbibe PipinS
Catacarb Design J 99.1
Railroad
Clearances Desk Des. Spec. 10-10
Reactors
Gen.ral De.ign D. E , F
Layout De,sign D
bU.d Valve.
Atmospheric (Atwood & MOrrill Co.) Desk Std. Cat. MlSZ-13
Dimensions Desk Eng. Std. Ml4-SS
Handling,' General Piping Raquiramants Desk Des. Spec. lO-lD
Pip1DS· Raquiremenu at Turbines Design J Pg. 7
... ~rict1on Orifice Pla~es
Raof1na & S1dinS • Eng. S~d • D3-1S
Safety Shower
Freezing Cl1ma~. Desk Eng. Std. !OZ--ZS
Non-fr •• z1ng ~~~c. Desk Eng. Sed. M3Z-1S
\ ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

SUBJECT

Sabey Shields WilJa1altOll Plastics

5Glpb·Cooler

Small Qu_ t:1 ty

.. Standard (Wa~.r Cooled) PipinS (Grabaa)

P:1p~ (Self-refrigerated Type) Grab_

Seal Oil Syst .. (See Compressors)

SidiDg - Se. Reefing &SidinS

Compr ••• orHous. (S.e Compressor.)

Skirt

V .... l

\

Acc.s. Opening

Minimum Skirt Heigbts

Snuffing Steam (S.e Furnac •• )

Soothlovers (S.e Furnac •• )

Stairs Details

Framing Dtaens ions ~ Rise

Steam •

See Furnaces S.e T~bille. Tracing

TracinS (proucti ".S1:e_ Beating) Tracing -Inatallat1oD of

])rip tags

Trap. (Di.c. Type)

Storag8 Tanks

Strainer

laue (Zurn) Cone Typ. Dupla (Zum) In-line

Screens - S.lection of til''' Type

ny" T1?e

seCTION

Index

DATE REV 30 NOV 81 2

Desk

D.sk Desk Desk Desk

*

Design Desigll DeSign

* Design

Desk

Desk Desk Desk Desk

. Desk

N

*

Desk

*

Desk Desk Desk Desk

PAGE 7 of 9

Std. Cat.

Std. OwaStd. Owl. Std. Dq. Std. Dwg. Std.. Cat.

D. ! & ., D9 E & F D9 E & F

Eng. Stile a

Des. Spec.

IV

Des. Spec. Des. Spec. IX

EDg_ Std.

Std.

. Enl· Std.~ Enl· Eng. Eng.

EDS·

Cat. Std. Cat. Std. Std. Std •. Std.

'toPIC NO.

Ml65-12

5169-5 S169B2-1 S169Bl-1&Bl-4 5169-3&3a Hl69-1~1 .

1.0 1.4 1.2

H20-1S Rll-1S 10-1D

All H20-1D H20-lP 6.0 _ H23-1S

. Hl60-6 H25-8S Kl6O-7 M25-7S M2S-1S· H2S-3S to 65 H2S-2S

- - SECTION
- (----\ ; ENGINEERING Index
!:!
i DESIGN DEPARTMENT DATE REV 30 NOV a 2
( 0 PIPING DIV1S,ON PAGE
( 80f 9
SUBJECT MANUAL TAB TOPIC NO.
Supports
TruDn10n8 Deak Eng. Std. M26-2S
Surfac. Condenser. (See Compressor.)
Swa,. N1ppl .. - D.sk VIII
·Tabl .. - Se. Conver.1on.
Towers
c:.a.ral De.ign D. E & F
Layout: Design D .
Trap.
Air (Clark. Mfg. Co.) Desk Std. Cat. MlS9-~-1
Steam (qark K.fg •. Co~) ,- De.k- Std. Cat. MlS9-1-l
Ste ... Disc-cyp. Desk Eng. Std. M23-1S
VacuUID (Clark. Mfg. Co. ) - Desk. Std. Cat. HlS9-2-1
Trianale.
D1II of 900 Desk Table. 1011-010
Turbin.
Exhaust , Vacuum Exhaust Design J Pg. 7 &-8
Steam Piping Des1an J Pg. S & 6
Compressor (See Compressor.)
l1Iidersround
Design Criteria Desiin Underground 3.0
-Getteral Design .. 2.0
Procedure. D.sip " 4.0
Valv ..
A=ma.pher1c 1&1i.f (Atwood' Harrill-Co.) Desk Std. Cat. MlS2-1J
Boiler Noc-return ADgle (Edward) D •• k Std. Cat. HlSZ-12
Continuous Blow-drum (Dr •••• r) Desk Std. Cat. MlS2-10
Control D.sign 0 4.0
Control Stations Oesign H 1.1
- Drilling' Tappin, Desk IX 3.0
Laad P1UI (Face) Desk Std. Cat. Ml.52-1
Noc-sl_Check (Chapman) Desk Std. Cat. MlSl-10
Non-s1_ Ch.ck (Rockwell) Desk Std. <:.t. M1S2-21
Nen-.1_ Check (Acvood & Morrill Co.) Desk Std~ cat. MlS2-22 n - ENGINEERING SECTION
.. Index

!!
; DESIGN DEPARTMENT DATE REV 30 NOV 8 Z
,
" PIPING DIVISION PAGE
'" . 9 of 9
. SUBJECT MANUAL TAB TOPIC NO.
Valv.. (cODe1nu.d)
Numb.~ Symbol De.cription Desk EnS· Std. M24-3S
!eli.f - Canveotional De.k EnS· Std. M24-SS
Relief - (Balanced Bellow,) De.k Ena· Sed. M24-6S
Relief - Discharl. D •• k Des. Spec. 10-10
Standard, Dimension. Sheets Desk VIII
\
VeDU
H1lh Points (Hyd~o.tatic) Desk IX 4.0
V •••• l. - s •• nrum.. Reaceo~. , Towe~s
Veach.r Caps
PlaadSag. Corp • • Std. Cat. Ml6S-10
. . /

B

n

-

; ENGINEERING

~

i DESIGN DEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DIVISION

SECTION

DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0

PAGE 1 of 21

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Bl.0 GENERAL

B2.0 FURNACE TYPtS

B3.0 .FURNACE TERMINOLOGY B4.0 PLOT PLAN LOCATION BS.O PLATFORMS & SUPPORTS B6 .. 0 PIPING

87.0 STEAM GENERAtION

Bl.0 GENERAL

El.l Furnaces· are used in Petro-Chemical facilities to heat various. plant processes to temperatures ·in excess of 5000 F.

Sl.2 . A furnace, or as it is often called a 'heater', is either a cireula~ or a box type structural steel house. refractory lined, With. internal interconnecting tubes of co·ils. fu:ni~hed with a stack which carries flue gas to atmosphere.

Bl.3 FU-""tlaces can be used either as a fired h.at exchanger

or t~·physically change the chemical make-up ofa feedstock.

(

\

...

(

;; ENGINEERING

!!

j DESIGN DEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DiVisION

SEci10N- B

DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0

PAGE 2 of 21

a2.0 FURNACE typES

S2.l

Cylindr~cal furnaces are usually bottom fired (i.e. burners located on the floor with either vertical tubes or tubes arranged in a helical pattern.).

'DRAFT GAUGE-SAMPLE & TEMP.

CONNECTIONS '

INLET NOZZLE

0.----: :::ER MECHANISM

SNUFFING STM. -CONN:

HEADER BOX PLATFORM

ACCESS DOOR

LADDER TO PLATFORM

-b::::F:!!t'---f--!_ __ EX PLOSION DOOR

- 1 SEe ! PARA. 5.21

HEADER SOX BURNERS

I SNUFFING STEAM CONN.

LADDER TO PEEP DOOR

TYPICAL CYLINDRICAL FURNACE

( RADIANT TYPE) FIGURE-:I

\

-

:; ENGINEERING

!!

j DESIGN DEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DIVISION

secnoN B

DATE REV 30 NOV S 1 O'

PAGE 3 of 21

B2.2 Box type furnaces can be either bottom. top or wall fired, with either a horizontal or vertical tube arrangement.

SOOTBLOWER CONNS·--

CROSSOVER

PIPING ,

NORMALLV _/

. SUPPLIED .

BY VENDOR

t

r

ACCESS DOOA~'

RADtANT SEC"fICN / CONNECTIONS

HEADER SOX ----"

STACK

DRAFT GAUGE. SAMPLE & TEMP. CONNS.

CONVECTION SECT10N SNUFFING STM. CONNS. MAIN FRAME

-BUCKSTAYS

EXPLOSION DOORS

~

CONCRETE SUPPORT PIER

\'-REMOVABLE PANELS (TYP.)

TYPICAL FLOOR FIRE'O BOX

FIGURE -II

TYPE FURNACE·

.§ DESIGN DEPARTMENT

Ii'

s PIPING DIVISION

:: •

!l

. ENGINEERING

OATEAEV 30 NOV 81 0

PAGE 4 of 21

B

seCTION

~3.0 FURNACE TERMINOLOGY B3.1 RADIANT SECTION

The radiant section is the primary compartment of the furnace in wh~ch heat is transferred to the tubes. by radiation, from the flame of the burners. Both the burners and the radiant tubes are located in this section of the furnace.

B3.2 CONVECTION SECTION

The convection section is placed above (or after) the radiant

. section. receiving most of its heat from flue gases by convection.~ The tubes are generally arranged in a horizontal bundle directly in the path of the hot flue gases. This section is used for

. preheating a process stream. steam generation or steam superheating.

i

• CONVECTION

SECTION

RADIANT TUBE.S

I I

i RADIANT TSECTION !

I

t

TYPICAL FURN_ACE CROSS-SECTION RGURE-l[

. "

SECTION

ENGINEERING DESIGN· DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

B

DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0

5 of 21

PAGE.

n3.3 HEADER·BOX

The header box is the compartment at the.end of the furnace in whieh the headers are located. Removing the header box panels will expose the fittings for cleaning and service. There is no flue gas in the'header box ~s it is separated from the firebox by an insulated tube sheet.

B3. 4 HEADER.

A header is the fitting which connect!s two tub'e~ in a flow pattern .

HEADER

INSULATED TUBE SHEET

HEADER BOX

DRAIN CONNECTION

TYPICAL PART DETAIL AT HEADER BOX

-FiGURE -m- --

53. 5 BREECHI~iG

The breeching is the duct work which collects flue gas along the furnace box outlet for transmission to the stack.

B3.6 STACK

The stack is a cylindrical shell, usually lined, which carries flue ga~es to the atmosph~re and p~ov1des, ne_cess'ary draft.

SECTlON· B

-

; . ENGINEERING'

i DESIGN DEPARTMENT .

~ PIPING DIV1S10N

DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0

PAGE 6 of 21

\

33.7 DAMPER

The damper is located in the' stack or duct and is' used to control draft (i1'l. the furnace.) Dampers are usually flat plates which rotate on a shaft resting on pillow blocks set in the ~teel shell. similar to a butt~rfly valv9 •

. B3. 8 BURNERS

Fuel and air are supp.lted through the burners to the radiant' section, where combustion takes place to provide the .. necessary heat required. There are three types of burners

a) oil burners that mix oil, air and atomizing steam, b)

gas burners that mix air and gas and c) combination burners that handle ~il and gas.

FUEL OIL. ATOMIZING STEAM CONNECTIONS

PILOT GAS CONNECTION

FUEL GAS CONNECTION

TYPICAL DETAIL OF COMB1NATION BURN,ER FIGURE-JZ:

B3 • 9 PEEPHOLES'

A peephole is an opening provided in furnace walls for burner

fla=e observation. .

I B3.10 SNUFFING S~~

The snuffing steam systen is required for fire fighting service to the furnace roof gables, combustion chamber and header boxes. Piping manifolds for snuffing steami eonnectiQ11s shall be located a minimum of 50 I from ene· furnace it serves.

(-' - ENGINEERING SECTION B
..

!i
a DESIGN DEPARTMENT ' DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0
l 1$
e PIPING DIVISION PAGE 7 of 21
:.I B3.11 SOOTBLOWERS

Sootb10wer connections are provided in the convection section

of some furnaces to allow steam to blow soot from the convection tubes.

'B4.0 PLOT PLAN LOCATION

B4.l Furnaces are located within process unit plot areas, ,usually at the periphery of the unit, to suit atmospheric conditions, maintenanc:e requirements (to service tubes & tube ramov,.l), and strict safety distances.

B4.2 Furnac:es should be grouped together in a common area. The minimum distance between furnaces or furnaces and associated close coupled equipme,nt' isdeeermined by 'erection. operating. piping and maintenanc'e requirements.

B4.3 Furnaces should be located upstream of the preva'iling· wind to minimize the possibility of flammable vapors passing into the area.

B4~4 - When locating furnaces. conside;,ation must be given tq the _ height of the furnace stack in relation to adjacent towers or structures. No platform car.. be located within l2'-01t

__ (360' MM) of the top of tha. stack within a 10 foot (21500. Mt-!) radius fram the outside edge of the stack. (See 10-10,

page 11. Ft.g 1)

B4.5 Furnaces that are used for intermittent or startup service - can be located:

a)A practical min~ distance from related process equ~pment ,they serve.

b) A 20 foot (6000 MH) min~ distance from non-related process equipment. '

.4.6 Furnaces or furnaces and associated close coupled equipment must be located a minimum of 40 feet (12000 MM) from other non-related equipment containing flammable fluids. (except as noted in 4.7).

B4.7 Furnaces must be located a minimum of 50 feet (15000 MM) fr9m: a) air coolers containing flammable fluids. b)

switch roams, c) unpressurized control houses, d) compressor and pump houses containing equipment in hydrocarbon service.

e) remota valves. - _

, i DESIGN DEPARTMENT ,

\ ~ PIPING DIVISION

...

i ~

I

! i

-

;

!l

. SECTION

B

ENGINEERING

DATE REV 3'0 NOV 81 0

PAGE 8 of 21

I

I I'

000·

I I

, "",'f\..,". r» • !

~~.~~\\lS ~.~ -0- ~ -0 ;

I- ~t' ;e~-

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~ - - __,;;;.._-- - - .

CANDE J;', . ~ PREFERRED

FU NACE !, i ",-'ruSE REMOVAL PREVAILJNG

. U AREA WIND DIRECTION

TYPICAL ARRANGEMENT AT CRUCE UNIT RGURE-JZ[

! '

\

,.

SEcnON , B

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

DATE REV 30 NOV 81

PAGE 9 of 21

BS.O FURNACE SUPPORTS AND PLATFORMING

55.1 Furnaces are supporced at the 'mai~ frame members by individual c.oncrete piers.

BS.2 Elevations of furnaces are established by operating access requirements beneath che floor as follows:

BURNER REQUIREMENTS

Wall or roof fired with no access under floor Floor fired wich no access

under floor. ,

Floor fired wich access under floor.

55.3 For ·~YU.ndrical type 'furnaces with more chan' tom- burners, c~tinuous platforms should be furnished at peep door locations for viewing and burner control. Access and egress to this level will be by. stairway.

FLOOR. PLATE ELEVATION

103'-6"

104' -0"

108'-0"

B5.4 All cylindrical type furnaces will be furnished with platforms for operational requir~ents at header boxes

and soo-tblowers etc. 'Ac:c:essand egress to these platforms will be by ladder.

BS.5 All platform sizes and elevations shall be determined by

The Piping Division in conjunction with the Furnace Division and the Furnace Vendor.

55.6 . Minimum platform widths are" as follows:

. .

a) 2'-6" at sides of horizontal and vertical tube furnaces.

b) 31.;,.6" at ends of hoX'izo~tal tube furnaces.

o

\

,.

(

SEcnON . B

ENGINEERING DeSIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

DATE 0 NOV 81 0

PAGE 10 'of 21

B6.0 PIPING

6.1 Process Piping

B6.1.1 The process inlet enters the furnace through single or ::1';.1 tiple conn.ections. Generally.. each inlet line is furnished with controls which are located

.a~ the front end of the furnace. f~r ease of operation.

@tvP.

--·13---

L ct YARD COLUMNS

FIGURE - ]lI[

TYPICAL FURNACE INLET PIPING

B6.1.2

The product outlets connect to the transfer line, which is considered to be the most critical line wi.thin the furnace arrangement. Usually of an expensive alloy and operating at a very higb temperature. the transfer line length should be kept to a minimum to suit safety distances, flexibility restraints, and de-coking requirements.

B6.1. 3 When certain feedstocks are used, transfer lines have a tendency to coke. In some services, quench 011 is injected into the transfer line to minimize coke fo~tion. In transfer lines where coking

is expected. flanged fit~ings. including elbows, ~re specified to facilitate cleaning.

..

fI!I <'I

ENGI~EERINC DESIGN DEPARTMENT , PIPING DIVISION

o

SEcnON

B

DATE REV 30 NOV 81

PAGE 11 of 21

B6.1.4 The table below is a general· guideline to transfer

line lengths and c1e~ing requirements. All arrangements should be developed i,n conjunction with Piping Mechanical. Furnace and Systems Divisions.

)
(~ - ENGINEERING SECTION B
..

!i
.. DESIGN DEPARTMENT DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0
0

0 PIPING DIVISION PAGE 12 of 21
~ ,~ LENGTH OF, COKING CLEANING
TRANS. tINE rAe!I:ITlrs
Fluid Cokins
Air Heater
Delaled Cokins 75' Max. 'Heavy A
HYDRODESULFURIZER
Reactor Charge
HTR. Min. none
Product Stripper
Fum. Min. none
Cat Reformer
Reforming
Ileac~or &'De-
sulfurizer Furn. ' Min. none
Reboiler Furn. Min. none
Ammonia
Reformer Min. none 86.1.5' Cleaning Facilitie ....

For frequent 'turbine cleaning of lines with a minimum of dismantling all changes 1n direction are to be flanged fittings or bends. Platforms are to be provided for cleaning. (See turbine limits below). To dismantle lines for occasional turbine cleaning sufficient break flanges are to be provided.

Break flanges located close to weld elbows and bends are permitted. Platforms are not required for cleaning.

,B6.l;6 Turbine L1l:dts

The lineal feet of straight pipe beeween two cleanout points shall not exceed 80 feet. The lineal feet

of pipe containing a bend shall not exceed 40 feet. The f0110\011ng min. radii shall be useci· for pipe bends in lines requiring turbine cleaning.

- - 3" to 14" -5 Dia. Min. R&d.

- - .16" and abova - Dia. Min. Rad ,

.f I

H-. -··_·-H

I

I '

. j J I

t-t!---+1

/ DECOKING ---r~ SWING .

YARD RACK_} ELBOW

; ENGINEERING

i DESIGN DEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DIVISION

SO'MIN

H---H

I ;

I I

'I i

H---H

I . I

VACUUM· TOWER

SECTION

DATE R~ 30 'NOV 81 0

PAGE 13 of 21

FIGURE- -lZDI TYPICAL TRANSFER' LINE ARRG'T-VACUUM UNIT

B6.2 FUELGAS

B6.2.l The furnace fuel gas system consists of the gas supply main, a branch line to each furnace, a distribution header at the furnace and the supply leads to each burner.

B6. 2.2 'rhe supply main. the branch lines. and the dis tribution headers should be sloped downward in the direction of

the gas flow and without pockets. A condensate leg with

a drain connection shall be provided at the lo~ point

of the distribution header. The supply leads to the burners shall be taken from the top of the distribution header. The branch line shall be connected to the distribution header in such a manner as to give a balanced

. gas flow to each burner.

{

SECTION

B

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION,

DATE REV 30 NOV 81

a

PAGE 14 of 21

B6.2.3

All drains from fuel gas system shall be' piped into a flare line, back into the process system, or eo a similar safe means of disposal.

A remotely located shut-off valve shall be installed

in the gas supply main or in the branch line to each furnace. positioned in an accessible location a minimum of 50 feet from the furnace at grade.

A gate valve" located adjacent to furnace peep doors shall be installed in each burner lead for manual adjustment of the fuel sU?ply so that the operator can observe the flame while operating the valve;

B6.2.4

E6.2.S

B6.3 FUEL OIL

B6.3.1 The furnace fuel oil system consists of the oil supply ~in. a branch line to each furnace, a distribution header, in the form of a loop, the supply leads to

each burner, a return, line from each distribution header and an oil return main back to the source of

supply. '

B6.-3.2 Remotely located shut-off valves shall be installed

in the oil supply and return mains or in the branch lines to and from 'each furnace, positioned in an accessible location a minimum of SO feet from ,the furnace at grade.

f

36.3.3 A plug valve located adjacent to furnace peep doors shall be 'installed in each burner lead for manual adjustment of the fuel supply so that the operator can observe the flame while operating the valve.

t.

SECTION

B

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMeNT PIPING DIVISJON

o NOV 81 0

DATE

15 of 21

PAGE

B6.4 ATOMIZING STEAM

B6.4.l The atomizing steam system required for the operation

of oil burners. consists of a supply line.' A distribution header in the form of a loop aro'und the fUrnace and

a lead to each oil burner. A condensate l_g and trap shall be provided tn the low point of the distribution header. '

B6.4.2 A globe valve located adjacent ,to tbe furnace peep doors shall be installed in each burner lead for manwal adjustment of the fuel 'supply so that the operator can observe the flame while operating the valve.

B6.4.3 Atomizi;ng steam leads should,not be used as a supply for s'team. tracing or hose connections. These syseems should be serviced from a separate steam system.

B6.4.4 Atomizing steam and fuel oil lines should not be run close and insulated together. Fuel oil lines shall be provided w;th protective steam heating from the steam tracing system supply.

B6.5 PILOT GAS

B6.S.l The pilot gas system consists of a distribution header from the top of the main gas supply header connected upstream of the control valve and the supply leads to

each cu....-ner., ' ,

B6.S.2 The pilot gas supply leads to burners shall be taken from the top of the header and furnished with a plug valve located as close as possible to the burner ..

B6.S.3 All burner leads shall be furnished with break flil1:1ges (or unions) for burner gun removal.

- ...

~

;;

=

, ' ~

~

I - SECTION 'B

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION'

DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0

PAGE 16 of 21

FUEL OIL

ATOMIZING STEAM FUEL GAS

HEADER SUPPORT

FLANGES. OR UNIONS

FLEXIBLE HOSES IF REQUIRED

DO NOT PROVIDE DRAINS OR TRAPS AT LOW POINTS OF BURNER LEADS.

ATOMIZING SltAM

I FUEL GAS

1

ATOMIZING STEAM FUEL GAS

FUEL OIL

I a:

I ! -fu-

~

VI EW-A F1GUR£-:a:

TYPICAL BURNER tEADARRANGEMENT ATFLOoR FIRED FURNACE

C

\

SECTlON

B

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

DATE REV 30 NOV 81

o

PAGE 17 of 21.

B6.6 SNUFFING STEAM SYSTEM

B6.6.1 The snuffing steam system, required. for fire fighting service to the furnace roof gables, combustion chamber, and. header boxes, consists of a supply line from

the steam system to a remote distribution mainfo1d located a minimum of 50 feet from the furnace.

B6. 6.2 Separate lines, valved at the ~ifold. shall· be . provided to service the roof gables and combustion chamber.

B6.6.3Snuffing Steam to the header boxes shall be" served by a secondary manifold located near the furnace. This manifold will be fed from, and valved at, the remote distribution manifold. Lines to the header box connection.s wtll· .be ~ individually and valved

at the manifold. .

B6.6.4 A condensate leg and trap shall be pr,!vided at the remote distribution manifold. A low point drain shall be provided at·the secondary manifold. All other low points in the lines downstream of the valves shall be furnished with 1/4" 9> weep holes.

B6.7 BLOWDOWN STEAM SYSTEM

B6.7.1 The blowdown steam systen, required for blowing

down in the event of fire or cleaning. of the furnace charge lines and furnace coils, consists of a supply .line from a high pressure steam main to a remote manifold located adjacent to the snuffing steam remote

manifold. .

B6.7.2 A secondary mainfold shall be provided near the furnace with a steam line connecting to each charge line downstream of the control valve set. A check valve followed by a gate valve shall be provided in each steam line from the secondary manifold with the gate valves sealed open.

B6.7.3 A condensate leg and trap shall be provided at both manifolds.

(

PAGE "

DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0

ENGINEERING DeSIGN DEPARTMENT , PIPING DIVISION'

SECTION

B

B6.8 BLOWDOWN SYSTEM

1S of 21

B6.S.1 The fw::nace blowdown system consists of a b1owdOWt1 line with at least one connectj,.on to each separate coil. at the low point of the coil. A globe type blowdown valve shall be installed at each connection.

B6.8.2· The system shall'discharge to a b10wdoWn stack. pit,

or other means ~hich may beprov~~ed. ' ..

ROOF GABLE,

SNUFFING STEAM~ CONNECTIONS

. .' .. ' .

I

; ,

YARD RACK

c'

CHAAGEBLOWDOWN _-..

LINES STEAM

SECONDARY MANIFOLD

HEADER BOX SNUFFING STeAM SECONDARY MANIFOLD

FIGURE-~_

TYPicAL ·SNUFFING & SLOWDOWN, STEAM--ARRANGEMENT'-

---_._ ... _ .. __ .

COMBUCSTICN CHAMBE.I=I SNUFFING STEAM CONNECTIONS

/

,

t

,

ENGINEERING

DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

- ..

III

.~

a 8 .;

"

SECTION

DATE

PAGE

B6.9 HEADER BOX DRAINS

B

a NOV 81 0

19 of 21

86.9.1 The number of connections and location of header bo~ drains shall be determined by the furnac,:! division. with at least one 2" drain located at the low point of each separate header box.

B6.9.2 Header box drains shall be piped to the nearest sewer.

SEAL LOOP-

HEADER BOX

THO Pl.UG

FIGURE-XI ' HEADER BOX ·DRAIN

\

CONNECTION

\

t .

....

DATE REV 30 NOV 81 0

PAGE ·20 of 21

SECTION

B

ENGINeERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING· DIVISION

B6.10 UTILITY HOSE STATIONS

B6.l0.1 Steam and air hose stations ~hall be furnished at grade and all main platform levels at furnaces. Water hose stations shall be furnished at grade only.

B6.l0.2 Steam hose stations should be serviced from the main steam system and not. from tile atomizing or snuffing

systens within the area. .

\

B6.l0.3 On box type furnaces hose stations should be suitably located on all four sides with an additional station. If necessary. located at' the draft gauge connection.

B6.1l MISCELLANEOUS

. Care should be taken in routing of piping systems in' furnace areas to avoid tube removal areas. explosion doors. access

doors and peep doors. .

. 1 .. "·- -

<.

-

; ENGINEERING

l!

j DESIGN DEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DIVISION

SECTION

DATE

PAGE

B7.0 STEAM GENEaATION

B

o NOV 81 0

21 of 21

B7.1 Steam generation usually takes place in the convection section of a furnace by means ofa thermosiphon system. A steam drum is provided. elevated above the convection section coils, for collection of steam generated.

STEAM . DRUM

BOILER FEEDWATeR PREHEAT COIL--.........

a:: w

i

BOILER FEEDWATER

STEAM COI~

-STEAM ORUf;i ELEVATION trl SYSTEMS 01'1.

~-----ST=E:-::A""':"M~S":"":U':::'P':::'P:-LY-T=-O=-· ~U:-:-:NtT·-

. FIGUR~

,[_YP1CA.LJ~_LO~ _- DJA RAM_Of

STEAM G_ENERAT10N_SYSTEM

B7.2

Specific plant layout requirements for steam generation

system wil'l be highlighted in the class-F sect10.n of the Desig:'l Manual.

filAR 2 1 1975

.-. C. 0 EXCHANGERS.

Engineering Standard Cl-lS CI.O Types of exchangers CLl Shell and Tube

Cl.2 Doub le Pipe

Cl.3 Air Cooler

C2.0 Terminology

Cl.O Heat Transfer Principles C4.0 Exchange r Nozzles

C4.l Location

C4.2 Allowable Nozzle Location Modifications C4.3 Alternate nozzle arrangements

-

CS.O Planning Layout Drawing for Exchangers - CS.l Information Required

C5.2 Layout Procedure - Shell & Tube & Double Pipe Exchangers CS.3 Layout Procedure - Air Coolers

C6.0 Numbering of Tubular Exchangers

\

C7.0 Information to be Indicated on PLD C7.l Civil

C7.2 Exchanger Information C7.3 Piping

/

October 29, 1975

CS.O Design Sketches

CS.! Typical Water Piping at Exchangers CS.2 Typical Piping at Exchangers

CS.3 Typical Piping at Exchangers

CS.4 Typical Piping at Exchangers.

CS.5 Typical Steam and Condensate Arrangement at Exchangers

"

CI-IS

ENGINEERING STANDARD

THE M. W. KELLOGG COMPANY

HEAT EXCHANGER.

NOMENCLATURE

SIZE AND TYPE DESIGNATION

.10" .. ' .

r ~i.MAN ~ ...

BY: STD ·OIV OATE: a-30-65

PAGE I OF 2

This standard gives the nomenclature to be used to des ignate the size and type of a . tubular heat exchanger. (In ·accordance with TEMA recommended practice)

C 11. 1 SIZE NUMBERING

The sizes of shells (and tube bundles) shall be de signated by numbers describing shell (and tube bundle) dta.met e r s and tube lengths, as follows:

NOMINAL SHELL DIAMETER: The nominal shell(or reboiler port) diamet~r

shall be as follows: .

Sizes 6, 8, 10, and 12 shall denote nomin.al pipe size shells.

Si~es 14, 16, 18, 20, and 24 shall denote outs ide diameter of pipe shells. Other sizes, as 21, 25, 27, etc shall denote the nominal inside diameter of the shell.

In the case of Kettle reboilers, the size shall be port diameter Ishell diameter.

NOMINAL TUBE DIAMETER: The size of the tub.es shall be described by a _nu:mber indicatLng the number of "e ig hth inche s " of tube out s ide diameter. as follows:

5 = it! 00;

6 = ~" 00;

8·= I" 00

NOMINAL TUBE LENGTH: The nominal length shall be the overall tube length in inches for straight tubes ,and for U -tubes it shall be the straight length from the end of tube to the bend tangent.

192 = 16' - 0";

C 11 ~2 TYPE DESIGNATION

240 = 20' - 0'"

The type designatiop. shall be by letters describing stationary head, shell (omitted for bundles only), and rear head, in that order, as'shown on the following page.

CII.3 TYPICAL EXA.MPLES SIZE

TYPE AES

t t LFloating head with backi?g device ~one pass shell flow

Removable channel and cover

BKU

t t Lu-tubes

L.::=:=Kettle shell Bonnet head

PAGE

ENGINEERING STANDARD CI-IS

2

HEAT EXCHANGER NOMENCLATURE

SIZE AND TYPE DESIGNATION

THE

M. W. KEllOGG COMPANY

STATIONARY HEAD TYPES

D

SPECI .... L. HIGH PRUSURE CL.OSURES

c

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REMOV .... SL.£ CHANNEL "NO COVElli

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SONNIT (lNTEGIllIt,L. COVER)

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INTIGAIt,L. WITH TUSE SHEET RU.OV .... SL[ COVER

SHELL.. TYPES

E

KETTL.E TYPE R[SOII.[1II

ON I P"SS SHIL.L.

F

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2 PIt,S 5 5 Hf.L.L.

WITH L.ONGITUDINIt,I. 11t,1'1'L.£

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SPL.IT FL.OW

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DOUSL.E SPL.IT FL.OW·

T

J

REAR HEAO TYPES

L.

U TUilf. BUNDL.E

M

FIXED TUeE SKEt T L.IKE ...... STATIONARY HEAD

FIXED TU IE SHEE T LIKE 'e' STATIONARY HEAD··

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DIVIDED FL.OW

FIXED TUB!. SHEE T .LlIIE 'c' STATION"RY H:A"

P

OUTSIDE PACKED FL.OATING HEAD

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I FL.OATING HEAD WITH BACKING DEVICE

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PUL.L. - THROUGH '~OATING Ht .... D

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MAR 2 1 1975'

, ........

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Sectional view of Exchanger .- .......

"

Channel End ·Assembly. -_

_.

.v.

\\:

Sectional viev of exchanger shell cover end. Floating Heaa Assembly.

(-- .

. -\

1. Stationary Head--Channel

2. Stationary Head--Bonnet

3. Stationary Head Flange-Channel or Bonnet

4. Channel Cover

5. Stationary Head Nozzle

6. Stationary Tubesheet

7. Tubes

8. Shell

9. Shell Cover

10. Shell Flange-Stationary Head End

11. Shell Flange-Rear Head End

12. Shell Nozzle

13. Shell Cover Flange

14. Expansion Joint .

15. Floating Tubesheet

16. Floating Head Cover

17. Floating Head Flange.

18; Floating Head Sac.king· Device 19. Split Shear Ring

20. Slip-on Backinl FIa ....

21. Floating Head Cover-External

22. Floati",g Tubesheet Skirt

23. Packing BOl( Flange

24. Packing

25. Packing Follower Ring

26. lantern Ring

27. Tie Rods and Spacers

28. Transverse Baffles or Support Plates

29. Impingement Baffle

30. Longitudinal Baffle

31. Pass Partitiol1

32. Vent Connection

33. Drain Connection

34. Instrument Connection

35. Support Saddle '

36. lifting lug

37. Support Bracket ,38. Weir

39. Liquid Level Connection

All

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-

MAR 2 1 ~

c:

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~u~f'oe~ ~~wt.J Fe 1Z.. Vte.,,~l. PO~IT\O...J

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MAR 2 11915

c..\ .~

An COOLEB.S

-

c. \:~. \ .In!!.

t2.. There are two basic types of air coolers: forced draft fan and

induced draft fan.

b. The forced draft fan air cooler is one where the fan is located

in a housing below the tubes and blows air upward past the tubes. The motor drive is hung belaw the housing with a short belt, gear, or linkage to the fan shaft.

e. Induced draft fan air coolers have their fans located in a housing above the tubes and blow upward. This "sucks" air· past the tubes beloW. The motor drive is hung belaw the cooler w1~h along drive shaft extending through the tUbe bank to the fan abdVa.

d. Both types have fixed tube .sheetssupported in a deep channel frame which in turn supports the fan housing, drive, and associated platforms •

c

(:

-

-

MAR Z 1 1975

c.".o TERMINOLOG!

EXCHANGER

Heats one stream and cools the other. There is no heat 10:s8, and physical Change does not take place in the flowing media.

,COOLER

Water cadIs liquid or gases without condensation. (Other designations: intercooler, aftercooler).

SUB COOLER

Condenses vapor with water and cools further the condensed liquid.

CONDENSER

Condenses vapor or vapor mixture. Condensers can be water cooled, which means the transferred heat is 'lost. Or sufficiently cold process stream can be heated while condensing the other process stream; consequently,

the~ is. no hea.t loSs. '

CHILLER

Uses refrigerants for cooling process S~~IIt."'" below freezing point or below prevailing cooling water temperature.-

HEATER

Heats prOcess stream generally up to its boiling point and without appreciable vaporization. Heater medium is usually 'steam (Other designations: preheater) •

REBOILER

Reboil the bottom stream of tower for the fractionation process. Heating medium is generally steam or a hot process streSDl. When large quantities of vapor have to be produced the kettle type reboiler is used.

WASTE HEAT BOILER

Uses waste heat (for example gas-turbine or diesel engine exhaust gas) for steam generation.

STEAM GENERATOR .

Uses heat of process liquid or gas for producing steam.

VAPORIZER

Vaporizes part of a process liquid stream. (Other designation: evaporator).

MAR 2 1 1975

-

c. ~.o HEAr. TRANSFER. PRINCIPLES

Generally, in heat exchangers the heated media should flow up and the

cooler one should flaw down. This, of course, is the simple physical

behavior o~ any he~ted or cooled media. This rule is more important

if in the flowing media physical change takes place while passing through

the heat exchanger (evaporation, condensation). Where liquid or noncondensing gases pass through the exchanger this rule becomes a preference

only.

This is why in most . cil8e~ water inlet is at the bottom side of exchangers.

-

Similarly reboiler ~nlets are at the bottQa side of ex~angers and outlets at the top. And steam enters. at the top channel nozzle of reb oiler aud

condensate leaves at the bottom channel nozzle. Condenser vapor inlet

is at the top and liquid outlet at the bottom.

UP

STREAM

DOWN

c..4.0 ~~c..~At.:>G.E:e... ~O"l.'LLf:.~ c.4.\\Jo",[1.lE. l.O(A'T \O~

"!<oR 2 1 1975

Exchalller type, size, constxuction detaih, nozzle arxanaellellts, flow

-

direction through shell and tube is detexmined ~Y the exchanger designer, without taking into account external piping arrangements. The piping

designer usually has no inf1~ence in the basi"c design and seleedon of

the various types of heat exchangers. However, he can request alternate

flow and nozzle arrangements in the interest of more economical.and

better engineered piping.

lists possible alternate flow

and nozzle arrana.-.nts to b .. ic desiln.

, .. I

_._ ... - --~ .

(~-y-_-- .. - ........ -b

(11-+----1

.--.,.

.. --:-- ...... ------

-- --- ~.--

Yor ex..,le, if he· blindly foll0N8- an exChanger designerls_nozzle

locations and flow requirements, he can end up with a pip~ng arrangement

shown in Sketch A. However, by re-arranging the nozzles and flow on

exchanger 1,.a more economical piping system as shown in Sketch B can be

obtainec1.

MAR 2 1 1975

. _." .... __ .. __ .--....;.;

£

.----....,----,-----r--:----- ... _.

r---r---- __

B

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o

Poseu.1.1 AI. T·£~AT'QI.I$ To TYPICA" Ar.n"NQ."'''''TS 'T." OvY l\,..rccTI"G Tuen"" ..... Oto;;" ..

CI1"'NG~ D .. ~ - CH ... "Ol

CC"IOIl OF NO~~"'t I

n.O,,", 0" iLoC: ... TIO'A

I:!,:Ul('Il T~"~l $~U.L TUlle SoT .. TViit S"i.~:

S'DI S,Ot $'N$ S'OE ,S.~r

0 .. "" 0'1(" ~~.01t ~'n.! I/Q~

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S .... U PA,S$ Tu!:.u.

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ElICM .... "IC;tR COOL!:R HEATER

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OOU&I.I. P';"$C SHu.I.-Two OR FOUR P .... ~5 TUSl:s

$10401.£ SPI.,'T n.o"" 5,"EI."Two 011 rOY'" PASS TUBts

T~

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OOUt'lL.r S"~IT F"ow SHCI."'Two 0" Fou'" PAS6 Tu&(.s

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DovO'-1 PAS$ SH&L.L. - Two U'Tua" 011' j:'O,",R PASS TuaE:!II

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RIDOILEA. k~TTL~ Type

~t80IL£q S,., ...... GeN." ... ToIIII

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~,iGL.e P ...... S"'CI.,"- Two 0 .. Fo". PAC. Ty.e.

(I.., Low T&~PIt~"'T""RE CLU.,. S& .. "tCIi:)

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\..1\00,' \= \C~ T \ ot0S

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ElllGw-DODIa _ ataebd a. c~~. a.ar, reiuca b •• dU., bapt.

MAR 2 1 1975

~-rcS-~.0t¥\c \J~~_~.~Q~~ ~m~~T~ 00 s~~\._\._ ~ l" v~E: E;:~~~ D...~b--f:Q.S.

CL\.~

MAR 2 1 1975·

<..S .. \ INFORMATION REQUIRED:
,i. Exchanger setting plan
b- Flow sheet wi th line nomenclature
c_ Planning plot
d. Insulated equipment list
e. Designspecificatiou
f. Instrument sketch (1£ required)
'1. Process data
'" '
"'. Planning practices MAR 2 1 1975

,.C.O\J~'&.C.1G PoT F-+""';"O ....

_____..\.\9\2'0.

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-,

I

-

~-...., .rt" "--?

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-

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-With exchaalcr c1eftled just above condcnJale POt. Boodinl of hIba can be. avoided.

C~_'1. .. 4 c..o~ aE."') Se:. TE:. PO ~ I..JS E: 0 w \\ ~ ~ c. ~ c" 0(::, E:. e..:s

MAR 2 1 1915c

-

<:5:2. LAYOUT PllOCED1lRE (Shell '& Tube & Double Pipe Exchangers) CS."'2..1. Exchanger el~va~ions may be set by:

a. Clearance under bottom piping

b. Elevation of condensate pot on steam fed exchangers

c. Gravity flaw conditions as indicated on flow sheet

c..=.'1. .2. Generally. the elevation of single exchangers and stacked exchangers should be held to a minimum. However. single exchangers may be raised

a maximum of 3" to Diaintain an even centerline elevation aDlO11&:lroups

of exchangers.

C.S.1..3. When the bottom of the shell of a horizontal exchanger, (or the . lowest

exchanger .on ~ta.cked,.exchanger~), extends 1IlOre than 12'-0" fr01llgrade or 6'-0" above a platform, an additional platform under the exchanger

flanges is required for access during maintenance. Por stacked exchangers the p1atfQt:Dl should be located under the bottom exchanger. ~

,

. .

MAR t 11915-

-

r--"<:"'--t...:~LI:"'''1l C~Il"'."'NCI BIlTWr.IN PIIIES "NO Top 0,. O ... "IT

S~"~~w.. tl~",TT!""

Io'RO'I'IDI. RrMOV"'.1.1 PIICI "-0 .. Ti".c a"NO~. ...."ea ••

C.L~Q.e.~ t.3C..e. 12E:Q.\J \V

. '=L.f=v ~ \ 1:0- E:"",,(_ U ~t.)~c·

777// /7777

"

-

Mobil equipment shall be uaed for hanci1ina bonnets, therefore clearance over the bonnet is required for this purpose. If this requires offsetting

large lines, consideration shou.ld be given to adding an exchanger davit or

using the line to support the bonnet during removal.

C.S_"'2..S ~~c:..u~._)~e. c..~~Q.t..XE':~ (c.o....lT 0)

Tubes fTOID long exchangers, when being pulled. generally should not extend

MAR a.; 1975

into a roadlfay.

All shell and tube es:chan&.rs are to b. lined up on the centerline of their twe nozzles I based on a minimum of 7' -0" t from the end of the bonnet to the centerline of pipe support columns.

Sl'l,(~rt rebollers are to be. pulled back so that their bonnet ends line up with thoee of adjaceut excbansers.

-

Supports for exchangen should be lined up -weraTer possible. When re-

locatf.n& suppot'ts. be sure COncrete support does not interfere with ex-

c.hanger nozzles or piping.

/

MAR 2 1 1915

.-

The .. thod for supportina double pipe excha-aer. which are locate4 adjacent

to horizontal drums or tubular exchangers shall be shown as Figure I ··pro-

vided

maximum overhangs are not exceeded; otherwise, separate supports

must be used. Double-pipe exchangers in reciprocating compressor service

could be furnished with three supports; two shall be located close to the

end, and the third located in the center. When the third support cannot

.

be centrally located, or for other extreme cases, a fourth support may ~e

required 88 detem1ned by Kechauical.

• Tue,s:_, ~t-"O\Jt:. .... :

F-~'-=''' =;====

I

,

lIAR a 1 1915

p.o~ G'-. 'F02... 9Qyg,c.J; _ P\'PE:c::x..c.u,_ "'to ~ \NO\c...~TE:-.o ~ ~W_~.

,-.... t::lo ''fl '~~ LOC.~ ~e..c..w.. T\.l \~ "':)O"l..'__ O~ p.,.W~.

\.JOTG:S :

t • Tu.~ Suf"Poe.\ ~e~'(. ~ mn.'\j ~E ec-a. Ulr<J::.-O W~E:.t>J ~'X.c..\l .. \5. \)J '2..E:<.lf'£.O(.C\.TnJ~ MQ...c.U\'fJG SE:ev lC.E:- •.

2~ SVfilO1i!\ e~ ~c...~ Loc..~-r .. tOtJ~ "TO ~E:: \100\c..Ci.TEO O~ ?L_O~

-, ,

MAR 2 1 't97S

.--

S,..-...ca 5.., .... 1. 0, .

I.!OfIT. IN UNIT. IN S VIC.

P .... RALL ....

OIl 0, •• '"" .... ... "., __

S ... ....,,,.O EIc;._~_

I,.Afloa. UNrr.t 1M SaRVC.

-.

; BATTe.... O~ EJ!.C..,..,...1IW IN S •••••

BA'P"'C"'" 0 .. STAC ••• EllQ ... ,.".. ....

(

-

-.

MAR 2 1 1915

c.. ~ ~ 1..8 STACKED EXCHANGERS

1.

PIPING

A. It is the Piping·Division's·functlon to comment o~·exch&nger nozzle locations during the planning phase.

B. In ring-type joint service, it is the H.W.K. practice to specify . raised f~ce flanges for nozzles between stacked exchangers, resardless of·specifications, in accordance with TEMA standards.

LA'-/ou T

MAR 2 1 1975

('

-

..:.5.~. \ Location

CL. Because- of the large size and light weight features of air coolers. it Is frequently more economical to locate them above yard banks t~an at grade (see Flgure~.~. Whenever feasible, on elevated installations. yard bent widths should be adjusted to suit tUbe length of air cooler. When this is not practical. it is generally acceptable for the cooler vendor to adjust the cooler tube lengths to suit.

b. Care muSt be taken to ensure prOper clearances between the cooler. platfOpainl, and adjacent equipment on either side of the yard.

C. When induced _ draft fan coolers are' adj aeent to each other I but because of grayity flows etc. are forced -to be at staggered elevations t the exhaust "stacks" of low coolers are to be extended

to the height of the adjacent high cooler.

d. When it is. impractical to build up partition IIstack" walls on forced draft fan coolers where they are at staggered heights. it is necessary to separate such coolers to avoid the exhaust of one from entering the inlet of the other.

e. When air, coolers are located at grade Exch~er Analytical will determine the 1Il1p1mum elevation.

~. Both from a draft and safety aspect the distance from the face of a furnace to an elevated air cooler should be at least equal to the support height of the cooler or a minimum of 50 feet.

MAR Z 1 197i

-

(_S.~ '2. Access and Haineenance

" .-

c.. Platforms with ladder access shall be provided along headers con-

taining nozzles, and for servicing fans, motors, ~nd drive belts. All "platfo~ and ladders which will be supported from the cooler should be supplied by the cooler vendor. It is the Plant Layout

Designer's responsibility to review and comme~t on the cooler ""draWin88 to ensure that adequate platforms and clearances are

provided.

h. It is necessary to provide mobile crane access space to air coolers

for tube bundle removal. and for erection purposes. Booming over

low exchangers is considered adequate 'crane access for this infrequent

maintenance.

c. Allow 4" to 6" between a:f,.r cooler cells

for slings during

erection of induced draft type coolers.

ENG DEi au. c 7 ~ 73 ) "

THE M. W. KELLOGG COMPANY

A "OIVIStON 0 .. PU ... L. ..... N INCO"PO"ATEO

(~. ,

DESIGN DEPA.TMENT PIPING DIVISIOM " DISIGN MANUAL

-

DATE MAR 2 1 1975

IlEYIIIO.

CS.3.3 TYPICAL INDUCED DRAFT INSTALLATION OVER YABD

MOTOR. \..e\J~\.. l'~:e:,")

~E:. t::a. t::E;f_ \"E:. \J E::L.

C~ .. ·~ .. )

I I

IENG DES IU, (7· 71 t

THE M. W. KELLOGG COMPANY

A DIVISION OF PUL.L.MAN INCORPORATeO

(~.

-...

DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISIOM DESIGN MANUAL

OATE MAR 2 1 1975 IEYISIOI

-

-+---------------~--------~

':....c.OM&. !aY t./c.. \It~",

C.S~~.4 E.\...tC.\J~\\O\J 0; ~t:) t::)et..A" F-~\.J C\\~ C!:XJt..E:e.. \..oc. ~\~O ~aovE. "V~e;.O

lADDeR TO~ ·GRA.DE ~

(~'i \.IE. ,.) t:OQ_) r P

IF"II<EPfDcl=ll'-&,, )

E.'-..k:. V ~T \0 tJ

lIAR a 1 S7S

70

PLA.N

LADDeR • CT'lP)

c:.~. ~.S l"'f P\C.~'-

\\JOt.Jc.G;O "D£;~~T ~~0 ~\12.. CoO\..c:=:e. LOC.~TG:-O

./

ENG DES 2U, I 7 • 73 I

THE M. W. KELLOGG COMPANY

A DIVISION OF PULLMAN INCORPORATED

D!SIGM D!PARTM!NT PI PING DIVISIOIII D!SIGN MANUAL

DA TE MAR 2 1 1975

RUISIO.

,-~oceQ". \0 .

G,.e.~C= ~..., \I E:"') QO iii!.

("'\'if")

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C. S.'!.. b T'I ~"" ~ \.. tt:oe.. c..E:-O t::)e. ~ FT F t=. N t.\. \-Q.. C_OO'-<=~ . \..Dc.. c., T<cO . 0..., E:re.. ~OE;

_.

MAR 2" 1 '1975

c.(Q • 0 NUMBERING OF TUBULAR EXCHANGERS

C6.l The equipment list establishes the basic item nUmber

designation of all equipment. Exchangers, however •. sometime consist of multiple units, and when this occurs. each unit shall be numbered as follows:

a. Units in series shall be assigned serial numbers in addition to the basic number.

b. Units in parallel shall be assigned letters in addition to the basic number.

c. Units in series-pprallel sh~l1 be assigned a serial number for each unit in series and a letter for each bank.

-

C-IO.I~ (,-10- \ E:,

CAO.1A.

THE SHELL SIDE FLOW OF THESE UNITS SHALL DETERMINE THE SEQUENCE OF NUMBERING.

This manner of numbering shall be used on exchanger. setting plans, arrangement studies, plot plans, flow diagrams, and . piping and structural drawings •.

-

.. /

: i

MM 2 1 1975

-

C7.0

INFORMATION TO BE INDICATED ON PU>

C7.1 ~

a. Exchanger support locati'ons

b. Platform and ladder locations

c. Detail of trolley beams or .special davits (give load, centerline

elevation, radius, location) when required

d. AnChored end of exchanger (specified by ?iping MeChanical)

e. Space frames

f. Details of platforms (removable handrail, removable sections, etc.)

.. ,

C7.2 EXCHANGER INFORMATION

: Note: » •

m-information transmitted to the exchanger division must be done by

marked up exchanger setting plans, i.e. support lug locations· and

-

elevations, special nozzle arrangement, etc.

C7.2.1.

I Shell and Tube Exchangers

a. For single shell and tube exchangers, the centerline elevation

is to be indicated.

b. When shell and tube exchangers are mounted nozzle to nozzle, the

centerline of the lower exchanger only is to be given.

c. For shell and twe e'Xc:hangers stacked two or more high and not mounted nozzle to nozzle, elevations are to be given for the

centerli~e of each exchanger.

d. Locate centerline 0.£ exchanger.

e. Locate centerline Tl nozzle.

f. For vertical shell and tube exchangers give P.O.S. elevation

-

and centerline elevatio~ of Tl nozzle.

MAR 2 1 1975,

~,

INFORMATION TO BE INDICATED ON PLD

PAGE 2

EXCHANGER INFORMATION (continued) c.." . G. .'2. Double pipe

a. Point of support of frame for lowest unit.

b. Locate centerline of each unit in mUltiple unit exchangers.

c. Locate centerline shell nozzle •.

~"\. '?.. 3. Air Coolers

a. Point of support elevation and location

b. Locate centerline support columns.

c. Locate centerline tub.e inlet nozzles (two directions)

t .

Co, _ ~ PIPING

1. All lines 3" and above. Give top of steel elevation at yard and

j

groups of lines, but do not locate.

I

-

••

f-

o

.1.

I .

C'. &.,

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,.

SECTION D. E 5& F

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

l' Plillman

, Kellogg

DATE f REV ~o APR 80 I 1

PAGE

Pg. 1 of 16

TABLE OF CONTENTS

D, E & F VESSELS,.. GENERAL

1. 0 Vessel Skirt.s 1.1 General

1.2 M1ntmwn Skirt Heights

,

1.3 Location of Anchor Bolts

1.. 4 Openings.

1.5 High Temperature Service

2.0 . Vessel Legs

2.1 Determination of use of Legs 2.2 Selection of Number of Leg~

3.0 Nozzle Projections

3.1 Nozzle Projection Chart 3.2 Vessel Head Dimensions

3.3 Bottom Nozzle Elevations 3.4 Top Head Nozzle Elevations

3.5 Projections for Hillside Nozzles

3.6 ~~ole/Cover Thickness 3.7 Knuckle Radius

3.8. Bottom Nozzle Projections

. 4.0 MBnhole Davits

4.1 Davits for Side Manholes 4.~ Davits for Top ~Anholes

.:

-

CI

..

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARiMENT PIPING QIVISION

2 of 16

SECTION D. E & F

Pullman Kellogg

DATE I REV BO APR 80 I 1

PAGE

D, !. &., VESSELS - Gmt""E1tAL

1. a VESSEL SKIRTS 1.1 GENERAi.

1.1.1

Skirts for vertical vessels shall be required under the

follawing conditions:

A. When the I.D. of the vessel 1s larger than 5'_0".

B. When the ratio of height/diameter of the vessel

is greater than 3.0.

c.

When a vessel is connected.to a reciprocating machine

w~ic~. co~d pos~~b+e affect the vessel by vibrations •

. 1.1.2 When a skirt is not required, legs shall be used to support

the vessel. For the number of legs required. see 2.2 •

. 1.1.3 For type of head to be used on vessels. connections in bot-

tom head of vessels with skirts and piping through' ve.ssel

skirts, see 3.2.1,.3.2.2, and 3.2.3.

1.2 MINIMUM SKIRT HEIGHTS

1.2.1 Tables I and II below generally indicate the bare minimum

,

skirt height required by the Vessel Division. These tables

have been compiled for use by the Piping Division in order

to set vessel elevations.

1.2.2 Vessel skirt heights shall continue to be calculated as has

been done in the past on the basis of depth of bottom head

plus the length required for connections from the bottom

head plus' the length required for the anchor-bolt holes.

When the sum of these dimensions is less 'than the minimum

1ndica~ed in the applicable table below, the table shall govern.

s

:

SECTION· . D. E & F

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

Pullman Kellogg

DATE I REV· 30 APR 80 I 1

PAGE

3 of 16

D. E &, V1.SSELS,.. GENE'BAL

. 1.2.3 It should be noted that these tables are based on "ayerage

vessels" and should be used accordingly. If skirts are

required shor~er than iridicated it may be possible, upon

consulting with th.Vessel Division, to shorten the skirt

to less than the given minimum depending upon the individual

. design conditions •
4(fl." 4010 4160 5710. 6760
Vessel to to to to to
I.D. 4000 4750 570:' 6750 83rF
2;:"'0" :.. 3'-11" 3 '-11~1 41- 511 4'-11" . S''': S" 5'-11"
4'_0" -. 51 _11" 4'- 5" 4'- 5" 4'-11" 5'- 5" 5'-11"
6'-0" - 7'-11" 4'-11" 4'-11" 4'-11" S'- 5" 5'-11"
8'-0" - 9 I -ur S'- 5" 51- SIt S'- S" S'- 8n S'-11"
101-0" -11'-11" 5'- 8" 5'- 8" 5-' - S" 5'-11" 5'-11"
12'-0" -is'- 0" 5'-11" 5'-11" 5'-11" 5·'-11" 5'-11" TABLE I

Vertical Vessels Supported on Steel or Concrete Tabletop Above Grade

. . 4():) ." 4010 47fP 5710 6760
Vessel to to to· to to
I.D. ~ 47YJ 5700 6750 8300

2'-0" - 91-11" 31-0" 41-5" 4'-11" 5'-5" 5'-11"
10'-0" -12'-11" 3'-6" 4'-5" 4'-11" 5'-5" 5'-11"
13' -a" -rs: - a" 4' -0". 4'-5" 4'-11" 5'-5" 5'-11" TABLE II

* Temperature under 40'to be calculated individually. Minimum given for temperature based on 1~" .thick skirt insulation inside and dutside.

s " •

..

:I

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

- DATE I REV ~O APR 80-1 1

PAGE 4 of 16"

SECTION D. E &: F

Pullman Kellogg

D, E " F VESSELS - GENERAL

1.3 LOCATION OF ANCHOR BOLTS

1.3.1 The number and si%es of.ancher bolts for all major vertical

vessels supported on structures shall be determined during

planning stages. this should be done cooperatively by the

Ve.,el Section and the Piping Division.

1.3.2 A study ,shall be made during the planning stage o,f the

support framing for such vessels using the bolting infor-

mation obtained in the above manner. This structural

study - sho'uld 'be made coopera ~i ve1y by C. E_. D • and the

piping Division.

1.3.3 The Piping Division shall take the initiative in all such

cases. If work is required to be done_ by 0 ther divisions,

it sha-ll be requeeted.

1.4 OPENINGS

1.4.1

Openings in skirt.s 6" diameter or greater shall be reinforced.

1.4.2

Openings in skirts for piping to connections in the bottom head shall be mad. large enough to permit withdrawal of the

pipe flange.

1.4.3 Oval access openings in the skirt. shall have the greater axis

in vert.ical position.

1.4.4 All skir':. shall have at least One access opening 12" x 18"

mintmum whenever access from below is not -possible; for

vessels 3f-0: and over in diameter, the opening shall be

16" minimum in diameter and 18" long, if practicaL

I

I

i ENGINEERING

:

i DESIGN DEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DIVISION

D, E & F VESSELS';" ~

1.5 HIGH TEMPERATtlU SERVICE

111 Pullman " Kellogg

SECTrON D E & F

DATE I REV :30 APR 801 1

PAGE

5 of 16

1.5.1 The termperature of the skirt base ring shall be calculated

only for vessels supported ou concrete to determine if

sliding or ventilating bases are required, and if required,

shall be furnished with the vessel.

, (

a

:!

i

.

._.-

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

6 of 16

SECTION

o E & F

Pullman Kellogg

DATE

REV ~O APR 801'1

PAGE

D, E & F 'VESSELS - GENEltAL

2.0 VESSEL LEGS

2.1 DETERMINATION'OF OSE OF LEGS

2.1.1 Legs shall be used to support vertical vessels as detenu.ned by

the following: ~
-~
A. aID • Less thall 3 0
:t: .
B. HtlD - Less than 6 ,~
,
c. Halo - Less than 2
1ft -
': Legs may 'be '~~ed only 1f all-three of thes~ conditions are ful-

--

filled. -

2.1.2 Legs ,shall not be used for vessels. such as compressor knock-out

drums (dry drums), which are directly cbnnected to reciprocating machines where vibration could possibly affect the vessel.

2.1.3 For requirement,governing the use of a skirt, see 1.1.

2.2 SELECTION OF NUMBER OF LEGS

2.2.1 Three legs shall be used for vessels up to, and i,ncluding 3'-0"

inside diameter.

2.2.2 Four legs shall be used for vesaels of fro1ll 3'-0" up to, and including, 5'-0" inside diameter.

! ENGINEERING 7 Pullman SECTION D. E &F
:!
~ DESIGN DEPARTMENT
(; ~ Kellogg DATE o APR 80 1
.
e I PIPING DIVISION
ljI PAGE
7. of 16
D, E & r VESSELS"';' G'ENERAL
'3.0 NozziE PROJECTIONS
3.1 (150# a~d 300# only) NOMINAL ASA NOMINAl. VESSEL LENGTH OF
NOZZLE *
SIZE RATING DIAMETZR EXTDSION
1" to 3" 1501 & Up to 14'-0" 8 1/2"
Nozzles 300# Over 14 -0· 9"
4" to 12" 150# & fT.. ~ o.. lA' _0" li"
Nn~~lA'" 11001 Over 14'';'0'' 11 1/2"
14". to 20" IS01 & U" to 14'-0" 12 1/2"
. Nozzles 3001 ·Over· 14 '.-0" .. . .. 13"
24" IS0l1' Up to 14'-0" 1~1I
·No:!:!l4!~ Over 14'-0" ·14tt
24" 300n ...I1n_ ~,.. 1 6. ' _n" 14"
N'n~~lAq nvA1"14'-O" 14"
16". 18". 1M ~Q 5'_6" In''
20", 24" 15011 & ·Over 5'-6" to 8'_0" 11"
Manholes 3001 M@"f' 8'-0" ~o 16'-0" 12'·
Over 16'-0" 13" Only for design temp's (M.O. :ramp). of-2fP F & above

NOTE§, .

1)* From 10 of vessels to face of f1g.

2) Do not US~ for cold insulated vessels.

3) For nozzle projections not shown see Job Leader •

. 4) For nozzle projections through Flared Skirts or tower transition· pieces, use standard projection from widest diameter· at 00 of nozzle.

S) This chart to be used only if nozzle projections have not been set by vessel mechanical.

/

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

8 of 16

SECTJON D. ! & F

Pullman Kellogg

DATE J REV 130 APR 80 I 1

PAGE

D, ! & F VESSELS - G'ENEltAL

3.2 VESSEL BEAD DIMENSIONS

3.2.1 2:1 elliptical heads .shall be used when 'the design pressu7e exceeds 100 psi and shall be us.ed for the bottom head only

of vertical vessels when the ratio of weight to diu.ter 1s

greater than 12 •

. 3.2.2 Planged and dished heads may be used on all other vesselS.

Basically, type of heads .to be used are obtained from pro-

cess da.t~. sh~ets.

ENGINEERING ., Pullman SECTlON D E&F
DESIGN DEPARTMENT Kellogg DATE I REV [30 APR. 80 I 1
.
PIPING DIVISION
PAG!: 9 of 16
D. E & F VESSELS - GENERAL
3.2.3 Dimension of Flanged and Dished Heads
(For p1annibg purposes only)
\ j,' 1.'. •
- -_'
~ -d i ,.
i5 r

VESSEL ID DIH. Y VESSEL ID DIM. Y VESSEL ID DIM. Y
• r , 1 '-0" 3 3"-0"'. ~ . . . 8' ...;0" . 17
1'_2." ~ 3 '._211 7 _8'_6" lQ;
1'-4" 3 3'-4" 7 ~'_n" 1Q
1'-6" '" 13'_611 . 7 9'-6" 20
1'-8" 4 14':'0" .s 110'-0" 21
1'-io" 4 16..'_1\11 10 ~Q'-~" 22
2'_0" 6.. 5'_0" 10 111' _nIt 23
2'-2" -; . 5'-6" 11 , 1:1.1'-6" 24
2'-4" 5 6'-011 12 h 2. '_n" ?F;
2'-6" 5 16'-lt" 14 11..3'-0" ?8
- 2'-8" ~ 7'-0" 14 1l4'-O" 32
2'-10" 6 17 '-6" 16


-,
3.2.4 Dimensions of 2:1 Elliptical Heads
I.C.
.., 10
on-f. A ==---
1:1.. . 4
-.--
.~ ~ ~ -
<C
0: r·

• Pullman ; Kellogg

1

! ENGINEERING

!

i DESIGN DEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DIVISION

PAGE

10 of 16

D t E & F VESS_ELS -GENDAL,

3.3 BottOM NOZZLE ELEVATIONS

DIMENSION FROM BOTTOM OF TOWER SHELL BE TO CENTER OF NOZZLE.

Dim. X
D:18. of Nozzle (Min. )
'2" 6"
3" 8"
• 4" 9"
6" 13"
.'
8" 16"
10" 20"
12" 23"·
14" .,~"
16" so"
18" 1.1.'"
?n" 36"
24" 4S"
3n" 54"
36" 63" T.L...

x

)"

\

n

,

\._

. --_)

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT .

PIPING DIVISION

1

Pullman· Kellogg

D. ! ,., VESSELS... GZNEB.AL

3.4 TOP BEAD ~OZZLE PROJECTIONS ON VESSELS

3.4.1 (Through P1aeforms)

SECTION

D. E·& r

DATE.

o APR 801

PAGE

11 of 16

. ~ ..

3.4.2 If the top Nozzle does not go throughta platform, the standard

. 3.4.3

projection 1n3~1 will be used from the ID of the-shell •

Towers or vessels with top head MH

I .

DAnT·

PLATFORM ON

3 SIDES (MIN.)

I

+

I

RATING
Is{~oS 150 300 600
13x20" 8" 10" l~"
24" 9rt II" is'' !

I ..

~ ENGINEERING

!

i DESIGN OEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DIVISION

12 of 16

SECTION

.. Pullman ;' Kellogg

1

DATE

PAGE·

D, E &!' 'VESSELS ... GENERAL

3.5 PItOJECTIONS FOR HILLSIDE NOZZLE.S

I T

8TD PROJ •

. ID OF SHELL

Draw ·to Scale and round off projections of nearest inch.

3.6 MANHOLE COVER THICKNESS

RATING .
SIZE 150 100 600 9M 1500
16 1 1/2 2 1/4 3 3 1/2 5 3/4
18 1 1/2 2 3/8 3 1/4 4 6 3/8
20 1 3/4 2 1/2 3 1/2 4 1/4 7
24 1 7/8 2 3/4 4 . 5 1/2 8 I·

,

j

\ '--

SEenON

D E & F

. J ENGINEERING

;; DESiGN DEPARTMENT

'"

~ PIPING DIVISION

PAGE

" Pullman l' .Kellogg

DATE

D, E & r VESSELS... GENERAL

3.7 KNUCKLE RADIUS

o APR 80 1

13 of 16

3.7.1 The centerline of any nozzle, manhole, or unloading connection

located in a vessel head shall be at least one nominal n02zle

,

diameter away from the knuckle radius point of tangen~y. (See 3.7.2) If any problems arise, consult with the Vessel Specialist.

3.7.2 Knuckle radius of 2:1 eliptical heads.

I.D~/2

~ -

.

=

.

TANGENT LINE

0.42 X 1.0.

POINT OF TANGENCY FOR KNUCKLE RADIUS

SECTION

D E & F

I ENGINEERING

i DESIGN DEPARTMENT

~ PIPING DIVISION

l' Pullman

_ Kel,logg

DATE

o APR 80 1

PAGE

14 of 16

D, E & 1 VESSELS - GENE!AI.

3.8 BOTTOM NOZZLE PROJECTIONS

3.8.1 Boteom nozzles on skirt supported vessels shall be extended

outside the skirt. The nozzle extension shall be in accord-

ance with current standards and wUl be furnished with the

vessel.

6" FROM 1. D. or VESSEL

I I·

I

I I I

-

STANDARD ~ozz. PROJECTION

CPLG '

BY

PIPING

l,

: i

ENGINEERING DESIGN DEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

16

1

Pullman Kellogg

1

PAGE

D. E &, r VESSELS - GENERAL 4.0 MANHOLE DAVITS

4.1 Da~t. For Side Man~l.

r C2Z _l OIA. HOLE·IN PIPe

t CQVEA~'

7 112'" (190 mm.) r (19 .. ,OlA. WILDID n! ROO, ---- S" (200 1M) LONG TltREAOID FULL LG. WITH WASHER AND 2·NUTS

I I !E ~

tIT 1T2 ,","IOtA. SENT BAR r LoONG 1150 -I

MAHHOLI GRIP

3-1/4" 180 "'"'I 0.0. \ ~~ __ =;::=::;:: __ x 1/2· 112 mml THIC.

" COt.LAA

.r 1110 .......

&POSITtON OF DAVIT

NOTtO IN TAeLE OF CONNICTIONS

(

ENGINEERING OESIGN OEPARTMENT PIPING DIVISION

Pullman . Kellogg

DATE

1

~ PAGe 16 of 16

~------------~------------._~~----~~~

D, ! &, VESSELS - GENERAL A<r' DAVITS FOR. 'tOP MANHOLE ~.'-~

1"

i (22 .) on •.

H<IU tN PIPE .

Z ltr leo ""'" DIA. MOLlS IN ~I.A TE.

'3/4" Uti IIIml 01A. wtl.O!O EYE flOO. 10'" 130 "'1111 L.G. THfleADED FUL.L. L.G. WITH WASHER. AND 1 NUTS

1 1/2'" Iota mill) MIN.

_---- 311." 0.0.)( lIT 183 IIIIft )( 12 ",lit) THK. COl..I.AFI. 3/ff' etO mIll) WEL.O

TO PIPE TOPSIOE ON L. Y

'0"'1210'"

g~~~ffl ---;1h

:I e

:.., ...,.

'"

MAR 2 I 1975

-

00.0 REACTORS

D1.0 Internals

01.1 Gas I~jection Plate

~ 01.2 Outlet with Collector

D1. 3 Inlet baffle (combined)

Dl.4 Inlet baffle (separate)

D2.0 Reactor Layout
D2.l Information Required.
-
D2.2 Reactor Layout Procedure
02.3 Reactor Support
..
D2.4 Reactor Support Lugs
D2.5 Leg Orientation
,-..
D3.0 Unloading Connections
D3.l Horizontal
03.2 Sloped
- D3.3 Bottom Unloading Connections 04.0 Instruments

D4.1 .Instrument Sketch

D4.2 TemperatUre Instruments

D5.0 Information to be Indicated on Planning Layout Drawing

Ds.l. Steel

D5.2 Nozzles

D5.3 Piping

D5.4 Reactor Information

MAR 2 1 1975

_-

D\.\ bDt,.~ b..l:fGoc..T\O.,J f\_~T~

A gas injection plate is used at the bottQm of the reactor bed and allows

vapors to pass freely through the plate while at the same time supporting

the bed.

A'H~. -!;.u·.- .. :

P4tt~:"It:.!

TYPICAL GAS INJECTION PLATE

' ....

(\

\ ~'

r.

MAR 2 1 1975

-

Reactor bo.ttom. outlet nozzle with collector. Check clearance. with

internal portion of unloading connection nozzle when it is located

in head.

--"""""!': -WIRE SC~EK

,otTO:i - __ .., CLOSURE

.. STANDPIPB_ -_oJ

/

-

I,

I

I

,

I.

I

-

i MAR a 1 1975

D \.~ 0.. hJ\..'=' ~~t=(:L<:: (<.om S,...x:.-oj

Generally reactors from 2'-8" to 1'_6It I.D. have a combined inlet

nozzle, i.e. the process nozzle is located on the manhole cover in

the center of the head •

..

MANHOLE

: -

r :

VERTICAL t. OF VESSEL

2" SPACE (TYPICAL)

3" t ('tYPICAL)

A .tandard top-head manhole davit cannot be used if a nozzle

·is located in the center of the manhole. If a manhole cover

is inaccessible with mobile equipment, a vessel davit shall

be provided for this purpose and three liftin~ lugs attached to the .. nhole.

r

(~

-.0"",

MAR 2 1 1915

When a reactor bas a process nozzle located on a manhole, an elbow nozzle can be used. The face of the nozzle should extend beyond tbe edge of the manhole flange to allow for loading and/or entrY

into the manhole.

i ,

EL'SO\.J, .

~o-t.:i,LE: (e''! \J'SS~LS).

".

·~~~LE ?L'CTE:-5 <'Lu~E;1J ~(:;Q\Jl~)

r

MAR 2 1 1915

-

When a reactor has a process nozzle and an individual manhole on the,

top head, (usually above 7' -6" 1. D.) the process nozzle shall be located on the centerline and the manhole off-center. If the inlet

nozzle must be moved off the center of the head, check with the Process Department before doing so.

\x::I2:'DC~L t O~ \l~S.<=-L

-

3" t (TY?ICAL)

INLET NOZZLE WITH BAFFLE PLATES

MAR Z 1 1915

02.0 REACTOR LAYOUT

D2.l Info~ation Required

a. Planning plot

b. Flow sheet with line nomenclature

c. Process vessel sketch

d. Instrument sketch

e. NPSH sheet

fa Irtsulated equipment Ust g.; Job design highligh.ts

h. Vessel connections SUlllllary

i. Planning practices (design manUal) j . Piping plot

L :r

r";,f\ ., 1 1375

D2.2 REACTOR LAYOUT PROCEDUBE

D2.2.l a.

,

The tangent line. point of support and the method of

support shall be indicated on the NPSH sheets. If the

information is not shown. consult with the Job Leaaer.

b. The tangent line elevation of reactors should satisfy

the folloWing:

1. Elevation of unloading connection

2. Elevation of bottom outlet line

D2. 2. 2 Ma,r~ elevation of top and bottom tangent line on process

vessel sketch.

D2.2.3 Work out elevations of nozzles. manholes and unloading connections 'and indicate on process vessel'sketch.·

02.2.4 Work out instrument elevations on instrument sketch.

D2.2.5 From 3 and 4, work out elevations of platforms and ladder

runs.

NOTE:

This gives ideal arrangement of reactor elevations and from

this orientation of manholes, unloading connections. nozzles

and platforms can be worked out.

D2.2.6 Reactor orientation can be done directly on the A.W.S .

. D2.2.7 Allow one plan for each platform elevation.

1M J 1117S

(;

~ P\ ~ COlEe."T\-\~ SEE:· oeF '$.a,

Sec' OSF ~ o~c. .

":=::=oo~~-::'= - -~ -;:::::;;- =-=- =- =~ =":"=-'- =- ~-J1=""'8·-to ,~. Tlo\\(..~ c:SS (\OM tW'

- ~ .,.~\C.~v~

i~e .. DEF 5. 'Z.

_.

D~.c...8.

~e. (wJc..~ r2r.o,--S~ St;,c.T,OEF !.7

~ __ ~ __ 4- __ ~ __ ~ __ ~rL~GL=-.~~~~~~L~UED \~

. PUh)~ ) '" ~

S~ DEF ~.2 PUc..Sc;.

~::::;::;::;~~=~~=::;.1b ~E:A.O' ~\c.¥.~<C:;f.S

I S4!:6 OEF3. ~ (MII'>J.)

W·o\~ .0 pemauent bandUat fac1l1U.. are to b. provided at

reactors for catalyst or pac:kiq loadiDS or ·us:aloading.

Baocl11aa for .uch it_ shall b. dou by .obi! ~~Dt.

.-----:""._- - -_

.~,' _. _ ... ..;.. ......... -_._>

MAR 2 1 1975

02.3 The two most co~on methods of supporting reactors are with skirts

or vessel lugs resting on concrete columns. Lugs are to be used

only when a skirt cannot be used or is not practical.

Other means of support include short skirts or ring girders op a

table top or in a steel structure. These are special conditions

and.should be developed on an individual basis.

\.\... c:\... W rr

The shall.ow angle causes the

tangertt line elevation to be '

raised when 'a skirt is used.

-

If legs are used, the tangent

line can be set lower.

l' .l.EL. W rtH

............... ~~--:-~ ~k_ E:\..

TL

With a suitable angle skirt may

be used economically.

-,

,, __ UloJ\..O~O,,~(, <:.o~~,

MAR 2 1 19'75

-

D2.4

TYPES OF REACTOR SUPPORT LUGS AND ELEVATION

When a reactor has lugs for support, the P.O.S. elevation j.s to the

bottom of the lug and 12" above the bottom tangent line.

T.l. E:\.._ _

Po~ E:\""

.... . .~. ", .

. \L~

. . ..

':"'" . ,... - ., ..

. .

. ' -.. -

-

On high temperature reactors, there is usually an extension on the lug

.

to allow heat dissipation beNeen the concrete support and the ves.sel.

In such cases, the P.0.S.w1l1 be to the bottom of the extension which

is located 12" above the bottom tangent line.

-

_: -:-- : - \"1 111

. . - .. _... L

.. . ... ..

• . - _:_;....+-----'~-

... _ :,

- '-

MAR 2 1 1975

-' .. When legs are used to support a reactor. the Vessel Department

will determine the number required. (See NPSH sheet)

. ~. When three legs are used. generally on smaller diameter reactors,

the leg orientations as shown must be maintained:

i. I

I I

., .. .

L.\ 0 \'\'\ \ t-.l

,c_\...~~c.

(. . If four legs are req~ired. they will be located 900 apart. If this

arrangement ·interferes with the drop out area, the legs may be located as

shown. Check with the Vessel Specialist before finalizing this arrangement.

SuPfl(AE.T L.v c;..S

D4. '2. TEMPERA.TtJRE INSTRUMENTS ON REACTORS

MAR 2 1 1975

(L. To secure representative temperatures at various bed levels and

couples are generally installed.

to minimize the number of connections through a reactor multiple thermo-

8 "x8ltx6n JUNCTICa -BOX WITH 'I'Eru·tI;lA L _.JL..-~.. nLOCK Dt

DIV

15:r

WELL - FUmaSHEO BY VES$EL_ DIVISION-

ALT_ERNATE LOCATIOll-

TEIDUNAT IOU FeINTS OF THERHOCOUPLZS - mr.·mER I " LOCATIO~l AS EST.\BLISFEO

BY INSTnUHEh"l' A1-a\Li."'l'ICAL .

~ .

.... ~

rrBED:

,~L

. .._-_.' I

NOTE:

Be sure removal of theDno~

couple i.s Dot impeded by

any obstruction.

I!!"\q ~ 1 1975

D4.0 INSTRUMENT~

D4.l The instrument sketch will determine the location and type of instruments as well as the size and rating of instrument veS'Sel connections.

MAR 2 1 1975

OL. The elevation of a horizontal unloading connection is determined by having the invert elevation of the nozzle 211 above the gas injection

plate 'or 2" above the bottom of the bed.

b. For horizontal .unloading connections at platforms·, the following

dimensions apply:

SI 0 tJO"\.:'LL<: f'M~ (.;(..\\?)~

"5'0 "'1lV'\ I \oJ rot-o, .. · W\A X

MA.R 2 1 1975

I·~. Slope..\unloading connections located in shell:

1. Locate invert elevation of nozzle as indicated.

2. Slope shall be in accordance with vessel process sketch

~Or ()~ (::r-~s. \"lJ't;<..,\ON1. " f'\_t. Ie::

6. Clearances. at sloped ulets a·t platforms are 'as shown:.

~, '"

l't\l1J I;..~Co

a__-. --.-

~,",04GrO

1 A...t." E=.

I

/

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