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Difference between RISC and CISC


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Key difference: The main difference between RISC and CISC is in the number of computing
cycles each of their instructions take. The difference the number of cycles is based on the
complexity and the goal of their instructions. Advertising Smartwearables
The term RISC stands for ‘Reduced Instruction Set Computer’.
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It is a CPU design strategy based on simple instructions and
fast performance.
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RISC is small or reduced set of instructions. Here, each


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instruction is meant to achieve very small tasks. In a RISC
machine, the instruction sets are simple and basic, which help
in composing more complex instructions. Each instruction is of
the same length; the instructions are strung together to get
complex tasks done in a single operation. Most instructions are completed in one machine
cycle. This pipelining is a key technique used to speed up RISC machines. Newly Added Differences

RISC is a microprocessor that is designed to carry out few instructions at the same time. Based Born vs Borne
on small instructions, these chips require fewer transistors, which make the transistors cheaper Cheque vs Check
to design and produce. Some other features of RISC include: Ambience vs Ambiance
Analyse vs Analyze

Less decoding demand Till vs Until


Uniform instruction set Journal vs Ledger
Identical general purpose register Skill vs Ability
Simple addressing nodes Knowledge vs Skill
Few data types in hardware Top 10 Best Free Android Games
Also, while writing codes, RISC makes it easier by allowing the programmer to remove Pachisi vs Ludo vs Parcheesi
unnecessary codes and prevents wasting of cycles.
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The term CISC stands for ‘Complex Instruction Set Computer’.
It is a CPU design strategy based on single instructions, which Management vs Administration
are capable of performing multi-step operations. Android vs Windows Phone
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CISC computers have shorted programs. It has a large number Data vs Information
of complex instructions, which takes long time to execute. Here,
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a single set of instruction is covered in multiple steps; each
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instruction set has more than three hundred separate
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instructions. Most instructions are completed in two to ten
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machine cycles. In CISC, instruction pipelining is not easily
implemented.
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The CISC machines have good performances, based on the
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simplification of program compilers; as the range of advanced
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instructions are easily available in one instruction set. They design complex instructions in one
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simple set of instructions. They perform low level operations such as an arithmetic operation, or
a load from memory and memory store. CISC makes it easier to have large addressing nodes iPhone 6S vs Samsung Galaxy S6
and more data types in the machine hardware. However, CISC is considered less efficient than ZIP vs Compress
RISC, because of it inefficiency to remove codes which leads to wasting of cycles. Also, Taekwondo vs Aikido
microprocessor chips are difficult to understand and program for, because of the complexity of AK-47 vs AK-56
the hardware. O+ vs O- Blood Group.
Comparison between RISC and CISC:
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RISC CISC Android vs Windows Phone


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It stands for ‘Reduced It stands for ‘Complex Tablet vs Smartphone
Acronym
Instruction Set Computer’. Instruction Set Computer’. Data vs Information
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The CISC processors have
The RISC processors have Yoghurt vs Curd
a larger set of instructions
Definition a smaller set of instructions MPhil vs Ph.D.
with many addressing
with few addressing nodes.
nodes.

It has no memory unit and It has a memory unit to


Memory unit uses a separate hardware to implement complex
implement instructions. instructions.

It has a hard-wired unit of It has a micro-programming


Program
programming. unit.

It is a complex complier It is an easy complier


Design
design. design.

The calculations are faster The calculations are slow


Calculations
and precise. and precise.
Decoding of instructions is Decoding of instructions is
Decoding
simple. complex.

Time Execution time is very less. Execution time is very high.

It does not require external It requires external memory


External memory
memory for calculations. for calculations.

Pipelining does function Pipelining does not function


Pipelining
correctly. correctly.

Stalling is mostly reduced in


Stalling The processors often stall.
processors.

Code expansion can be a Code expansion is not a


Code expansion
problem. problem.

Disc space The space is saved. The space is wasted.

Applications Used in high end Used in low end applications


applications such as video such as security systems,
processing, home automations, etc.
telecommunications and
image processing.