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BEEP International Conference:

Energy Efficiency Residential Buildings: Potentials & Approaches

PROMOD ADLAKHA
Managing Director
Mob: 9811118803

ADLAKHA ASSOCIATES Pvt. Ltd.


F-70, BHAGAT SINGH MKT, NEAR GOLE MKT,
NEW DELHI- 110001
Ph: 011- 23344471,72
adlakhaoffice@gmail.com
www.adlakhaassociates.com
VITAL FACTORS FOR ENERGY EFFICIENT ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
AFFORDABLE HOUSING PVT. LTD.

Simplicity in Execution

Quality of Construction

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Structural Adequacy/safety

Economy (cost saving)

Speed (time saving)

Work Force Requirement

Energy Conservation

Resource saving

Eco-friendly materials

Minimum Maintenance
ADLAKHA
SOLUTIONS TO THE CHALLENGE ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

Efficiency in layout Plan

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Efficiency in Unit Designs

Optimization in Infrastructure Design

Efficient structural system

Appropriate Construction Specifications

Conservation of Materials

Minimum Administrative and other overheads

New Fast Track Technologies


STARTED THE JOURNEY
WAY BACK IN 1976…….
INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES USED
ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.
FOR ROOFING: SHEAR WALL TECHNOLOGY
 R.C. Ribbed Slab
 Precast Channel Roofing OTHER COMPONENTS:
 Precast RC Plank Roofing

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


 Precast RC Ferrocement Panel Roofing  Precast Ferrocement Cupboard &
 Precast RC Hollow Slab Roofing Kitchen Shelves
 Cast-in-Situ Hollow Slab Roofing  Precast Ferrocement Sunshades
 R.B. Filler Slab Roofing  Precast R.C. Lintels
 R.B.C. Roofing  R.B.C. Lintels
 Precast R.B. Panel Roofing  Precast Ferrocement steps
 Precast R.B. Arched Panel Roofing  Precast concrete door & window
 CRF Sections and Ferrocement Panel Roofing frames
 Precast Ferrocement Segmental Shells Roofing  Ferrocement water tanks
 Precast RC panel roofing  RCC monolithic technology
 Funicular shell roofing  Precast elements such as
FOR WALLING: o Lintels,
 Rowlock bond (Rat – trap bond), o Sunshades,
 Stretcher bond, o Kitchen slabs,
 Hollow concrete blocks, o Water tanks,
 Interlocking mortar less block walking, o Stair case steps,
 Perforated mechanized modular bricks, o Drains and chambers,
 FAL-G modular bricks,  Under reamed piles (for load bearing
 Stone block masonry. walls)
 AAC blocks (in multistoried)  Interlocking pavers
 Cement Flyash mortar  CRF beams
YEAR 1976 –DEMONSTRATION HOUSE, ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
K.K. NAGAR, CHENNAI PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


TECHNOLOGIES
ROOFING
 Precast hollow
roofing
WALLING
 Precast RCC
hollow wall
YEAR 1978 -BHOPAL DEVELOPMENT
ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
AUTHORITY HOUSING PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


STOCKED STONE TECHNOLOGIES
BLOCKS AT • Under Reamed Piles
CASTING YARD • Stone Block Masonry
RCC HOLLOW Walls
STONE BLOCKS LOOK OF FINISHED
WALL ‘KULAR’ PANELS • Precast Cast-in-situ
BEING CASTED Hollow ‘Kular’ RCC Slab
BEING CASTED

RCC
HOLLOW
‘KULAR’
PANELS
BEING
CASTED
YEAR 1982 - HOUSING FOR PUNJAB KHAND UDYOG LTD. ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
(PUNJAB GOVT. UNDER TAKING) AT GURDASPUR & ZIRA PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


TECHNOLOGIES
ROOFING
 Precast RC Plank & Joists

WALLING
 Stretcher bond
ADLAKHA
YEAR 1982 – 1985 ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.
TECHNOLOGY
• Filler Slab

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


STAFF HOUSING MODI FIBRE CO,
MODINAGAR STAFF HOUSING FOR MODI XEROX,
RAMPUR

STAFF HOUSING FOR VAM ORGANIC


STAFF HOUSING FOR MODI CEMENT LTD, CHEMICALS LTD. AT GAJRAULA DISTT.
RAMPUR MORADABAD
ADLAKHA
YEAR 1992 ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

VAM ORGANIC CHEMICALS


LTD., GAJRAULA

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


TECHNOLOGY
• Filler Slab
Roofing

STAFF HOUSING, DAURALA


ORGANICS LTD.

TECHNOLOGIES
•Filler slab
YEAR 1992 - STAFF HOUSING FOR ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
MAWANA SUGAR WORKS PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


TECHNOLOGIES
ROOFING:
 Precast RB Panel
 RC panel
 RC Ribbed slab

WALLING:
 Stretcher band
 Rat trap bond
YEAR 1992 - STAFF HOUSING ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
DAURALA SUGAR WORKS PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


TECHNOLOGIES
 Precast panel roofing
 Stretcher bond
 Boundary Wall in Zig Zag 7 1/2 “ Brick
Wall
 Boundary wall in rat trap bond
ADLAKHA
YEAR 1993 – DCM TOYOTA LTD, SURAJ PUR ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


TECHNOLOGIES
• Filler slab roofing

• Stretcher bond 190mm STAFF HOUSING FOR DCM TOYOTA LTD., SURAJ
wall PUR
ADLAKHA
YEAR 1993 – BOYS HOTEL, MODI NAGAR ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

TECHNOLOGIES
• Precast Ferrocement

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


panel
roofing
CEILING VIEW
• Stretcher bond wall
(PRECAST BEAMS
AND
FERROCEMENT
RCC PANELS) CUPBOARDS

BOYS HOSTEL MODI NAGAR


YEAR 2000 - CORPORATE OFFICE,
GREATER NOIDA INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY

TECHNOLOGIES
• Rat trap bond wall
• Stretcher bond
• Flyash Brick
• Precast Ferrocement
panel roofing
• Precast R.B. Panel
roofing
• Precast curved panel
roofing
• Precast Ferrocement
segmental shell
• Precast double
curved shell
• Vernacular
architecture
• Prefab CRF beams
Year 2011 – COMMUNITY CENTRE AT AMBALA

Technologies for roofing Other technologies:

Precast RC plank & Joists Precast Ferro-


Precast RB panel cement staircase
Precast RB curved panel Flat Arch Lintels
Precast Doubly Curved Concrete door
window frames
Shells
Precast sunshades
Filler Slabs
Micro Concrete roofing
tiles
Hollow slabs with
‘kulars’

Technologies for walls


Mechanized Fly-ash bricks 230/115 mm
Mechanized clay brick 230/115 mm
Mechanized modular Claybrick 200/100 mm
Conventional clay brick wall in Rat trap bond
(Row lock bond) 230mm
Perforated bricks
Wire cut bricks
Hydraform interlocking blocks
Stretcher bond 190 mm
Modular brick wall
VERNACULAR TECHNOLOGIES
ADLAKHA’S POETRY IN BRICKS
VERNACULAR TECHNOLOGIES
ADLAKHA’S POETRY IN BRICKS
ENERGY-EFFICIENT TECHNOLOGIES
WE ADOPT FOR
AFFORDABLE MASS HOUSING
ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

Technology

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Walling Modular bricks &
Fly ash bricks
DELIVERED COST
OF Walling Hydraform
AN AFFORDABLE interlocking
blocks
HOUSE:
Intermediate and Precast planks
RS. 5.00 – 7.50 roof slabs and Joists
LACS Sunshades Ferro-cement
Steps and other Precast
Kitchen Shelves technologies
Water tanks
MODULAR BRICKS & FLY ASH BRICKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

Technology

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Modular
bricks & Fly
ash bricks

Hydraform
interlocking
blocks

Precast planks
and Joists

Ferro-cement
and other
Precast
technologies
MODULAR BRICKS & FLY ASH BRICKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

HOW IS THIS TECHNOLOGY


ENERGY EFFICIENT:
Flyash bricks
Technology

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


• On-site production, saves
transport & fuel
• Fly ash is a waste material Modular
• Modular size of 200mm, bricks & Fly
reduction in cement ash bricks
(reduction in CO2.)
• Better insulation Hydraform
interlocking
blocks
Mechanized modular bricks
• Perforations, hence better
insulation Precast planks
• Saves mortar, plaster and and Joists
volume of brick work (Saves
cement & CO2) Ferro-cement
• High strength bricks, lean and other
mortar can be used. Precast
• Less porosity, hence less technologies
water consumption
HYDRAFORM INTERLOCKING BLOCKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
INTERLOCKING CONSTRUCTION PVT. LTD.
 An alternate to conventional
bricks & mortar
 Male/Female Interlocking –
Vertical / Horizontal Shear keys Technology

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


 Suitable for Load/Framed
Structures Compatible to Modular
incorporate V/H bricks & Fly
reinforcements
ash bricks
 Suitable for Seismic structures
 Speedier construction
Hydraform
interlocking
blocks

Precast planks
and Joists

Ferro-cement
and other
Precast
technologies
HYDRAFORM INTERLOCKING BLOCKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
INTERLOCKING CONSTRUCTION PVT. LTD.

HOW IS THIS TECHNOLOGY


ENERGY EFFICIENT:
• Locally available resources Technology

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


used
- Fly-Ash Modular
• No burning – eco friendly bricks & Fly
• No transportation – can be ash bricks
casted at site.
Hydraform
interlocking
• Low embodied energy – blocks
minimal cement.
• No plaster - hence reduction in
cement and CO2 Precast planks
• Reusable and recyclable blocks and Joists
• Thermally efficient
• Fast construction Ferro-cement
and other
Precast
technologies
PRECAST PLANKS & JOISTS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

Technology

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Modular
bricks & Fly
ash bricks

Hydraform
interlocking
blocks

Precast planks
and Joists

Ferro-cement
and other
Precast
technologies
PRECAST PLANKS & JOISTS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

HOW IS THIS TECHNOLOGY


ENERGY EFFICIENT:
• Eliminates shuttering
Technology

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


• Thin sections, saving in
concrete & cement.
• Less steel consumption, Modular
saving in embodied energy. bricks & Fly
• No ceiling plaster ash bricks
• Precasted at site. No external
transportation. Hydraform
interlocking
blocks
• Less water consumption.
• Less dead weight, Precast planks
earthquake resistant and Joists
• Saves time, being precast

Ferro-cement
and other
Precast
technologies
FERROCEMENT & OTHER PRECAST TECHNOLOGIES ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

HOW IS THIS TECHNOLOGY


ENERGY EFFICIENT:
• Thin element, saves cement
• Saves shuttering Technology

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


• Casted at site, no external
transportation Modular
• Less water consumption bricks & Fly
ash bricks

Hydraform
interlocking
blocks

Precast planks
and Joists

Ferro-cement
and other
Precast
technologies
ENERGY EFFICIENT ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
ARCHITECTURAL PLANNING PVT. LTD.

 Layout with courtyard concept

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


 Infrastructure planning in grid pattern

 Block plan typology near to square

 Modular planning

 Minimum offsets

 Functional, efficient (Circulation only 2.5 sq m)

 200 mm wall instead of 230 mm

 Single stack system for plumbing.


ENERGY EFFICIENT ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
STRUCTURAL PLANNING PVT. LTD.

 Load bearing concept (upto G+3)

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


 Box behaviour – higher lateral stiffness than framed structure.

 Symmetrical w.r.t mass and rigidity

 High strength bricks with low strength mortar

 Slab (60mm thick) partially precast – hybrid technology

 Reduction in dead load

 Ductility provided with plinth band, lintel band, roof band, and vertical
reinforcement.
ADLAKHA
ENERGY EFFICIENCY ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

 Reduction in consumption of o Bricks


o Concrete
o Cement

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


o Sand
o Steel reinforcement
 Elimination of ceiling plaster & external plaster

 Almost no shuttering/form work

 Reduction in internal wall plaster

 Perforated bricks/fly-ash bricks provide better insulation

 On site production – no outside transportation

 Low maintenance

 No heavy/large equipment required

 Less consumption means saving of embodied energy.


ADLAKHA
SAVINGS IN EMBODIED ENERGY ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

Consumption of reinforcement steel


STEEL
Cost effective housing: less than 1.0 kg per sq ft. Less than 1.0 kg per sq ft

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Conventional housing: 3 to 4 kg per sq ft.

Consumption of cement
CEMENT
Cost effective housing: 0.25 BAGS per sq ft. Less than 0.25 bags per sq ft

Conventional housing: 0.45 BAGS per sq ft.

Thus, savings in
 Resource Material
 Embodied energy
 CO2

Case examples were taken of each housing block from 4 of our projects (ie. Bawana, Baprola,
Bhorgarh and Narela) and estimates were prepared using one example of a conventional
technology and one using precast systems.
ENERGY EFFICIENT ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
WATER CONSERVATION PVT. LTD.

 During construction – due to less volume of masonry, concrete, no ceiling plaster, no


external plaster.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


 The precast slab panels, stairs, sunshades, shelves (thin elements) cured with spray of
water.

 The mechanised bricks & high strength blocks, have high compressive strength and
low water absorption.

 Ferrocement elements being thin elements – consume less water.

 Hardy plants species used which require less water (Acacia Arabica, Baryan, Pelpal,
Ashok, Cedar etc)
CASE STUDY
BAWANA SITE
(4368)
CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Low Rise high Density Concept


Walkable Structure

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Cluster plan – courtyard concept

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Meeting places around tree
CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Vehicle parking spaces near
and around each cluster
CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.
Layout plan

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Road section

Soft paving pathways


CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Building Blocks
The design of the building blocks cover following
parameters for efficient performance:

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


· Orientation aspect
· Space Efficiency
· Grouping
· Privacy – usual & acoustical
· Circulation
· Sanitation
· Economy
· Elegancy

Use of Cost Effective Innovative Technologies


· 200 mm thick load bearing wall in Super
Structure
· Modular bricks with Cement + Flyash blended
mortar
· Precast Reinforced Concrete planks and joist for
roofing and flooring
· Ferrocement staircase treader – riser units
· Precast ferrocement sunshades, kitchen platform
· Precast ferrocement water tanks
Perception of space
CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Services networks
CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Dwelling units

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Shows the Dwelling Unit plan in G+2
31.73 Sqm – Type I
CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Dwelling units

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Shows the Dwelling Unit plan in G+3
36.73 sq m - Type II
CASE STUDY 1 ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
HOUSING AT BAWANA, DELHI (4348 HOUSES) PVT. LTD.

Dwelling units

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Shows the Dwelling Unit plan in G+3
39.60 sq m - Type III
MASS HOUSING WORKS
RAJIV GANDHI HOUSING, BAWANA, 3164 HOUSES

TECHNOLOGIES
ROOFING
Precast RC planks & joists roofing
Precast ferrocement elements
WALLING
Perforated mechanized modular bricks
FAL-G modular bricks
OTHER COMPONENTS
Single stack system of plumbing

The housing
is located in
Bawana,
which is a
town in
North-west
district in the
state of Delhi,
India.
PVT. LTD.
ADLAKHA

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.
ADLAKHA

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


ASSOCIATES
DEMONSTRATING COST EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
(A CASE STUDY OF BAWANA INDUSTRIAL WORKERS HOUSING PROJECT)
RELEASE OF THE BOOK ON WORLD HABITAT DAY
ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


OTHER MASS HOUSING
PROJECTS
COMPLETED/ONGOING
MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
BAWANA-1184, DELHI PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
BHORGARH, DELHI 1272 HOUSES PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
NARELA, DELHI 1892 HOUSES PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
NARELA (CETP), DELHI 1652 HOUSES PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
BAPROLA, DELHI 5568 HOUSES PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
AFFORDABLE HOUSING GR. NOIDA (800 D.U.) PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


TECHNOLOGY
• Row lock bond wall
MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
OMICRON, G. NOIDA, 1848 HOUSES PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
POOTHKHURD - 14200, TIKRI KALA – 4560, DELHI PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
POOTHKHURD, DELHI - 14200 PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Completed pictures of
project on site
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
TIKRI KALA, DELHI – 4560 PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Under
construction
pictures
MASS HOUSING WORKS - ongoing
EWS HOUSING, BAKARWALA, DELHI – 240
TECHNOLOGIES
•Mechanized bricks
•Flyash bricks
• Precast RC Planks & Joists Roof
MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
EWS Housing, Faridabad & Palwal PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


TECHNOLOGIES
• Modular
perforated bricks

• Precast RC Planks
& Joists Roof
MASS HOUSING WORKS
INNO GEOCITY, CHENNAI 500 HOUSES

TECHNOLOGIES
• Hydraform
interlocking
block walls
• Precast RC
Planks & Joists
Roof
• Stone Block
masonry in
foundation
• Precast
Boundary wall
MASS HOUSING WORKS
INNO GEOCITY, CHENNAI 500 HOUSES
MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
KALKAJI, DELHI, for Delhi Development Authority - 3024 PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Pictures of model

Layout plan

TECHNOLOGIES
•CLC block walling
Project for DDA
PVT. LTD.
ADLAKHA

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


ASSOCIATES
MASS HOUSING WORKS
ANJAR & VAPI, GUJRAT, WELSPUN GROUP
TECHNOLOGIES
• Hydraform interlocking block walls
• Precast RC Planks & Joists Roof
• Precast sunshade, Ferrocement
staircase
• Concrete Block masonry in
foundation
• Precast Boundary wall

Under construction pictures


MASS HOUSING WORKS ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
ANJAR & VAPI, GUJRAT, WELSPUN GROUP PVT. LTD.

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


Client: Welspun Group
Contractor: Welspun Projects Ltd.
Affordable mass housing completed/ongoing ADLAKHA
ASSOCIATES
In the last decade: PVT. LTD.
S.N No. of houses Location Client
O S.N No. of houses Location Client
1 3164 houses Bawana, Delhi DSIIDC O
12 800 houses Greater Noida GNIDA

Energy Efficient Affordable Housing


2 1184 houses Bawana, Delhi DSIIDC
13 240 houses Bakarwala, Delhi NDMC
3 896 houses Bawana, Delhi DSIIDC 14 1848 houses Omicron, Greater GNIDA
Noida
4 704 houses Bawana, Delhi DSIIDC 15 500 houses Orgadam, Chennai Innoinvest
Ltd
5 1892 houses Narela, Delhi DSIIDC
16 578 houses Faridabad & Palwal, ERA infra
6 1652 houses Narela, CETP, DSIIDC Haryana Ltd
Delhi 17 3024 houses Kalkaji, Delhi ERA infra
7 3680 houses Ghoga, Delhi DSIIDC Ltd
18 1086 houses Anjar, Vapi, in Welspun
8 5552 houses Baprola, Delhi DSIIDC Gujrat LTD

9 1272 houses Bhorgarh, Delhi DSIIDC 19 5202 houses Dheerpur, Delhi Delhi Police
20 7343 houses Sushant Golf City, Ansal API
10 14200 houses Poothkhurd, DSIIDC Lucknow
Delhi
21 4384 houses Ashrray 1,2,3 LDA
11 4560 houses Tikri Kalan, DSIIDC Lucknow
Delhi
THANK YOU!