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FIRE SAFETY IN Advanced Building

Services assignment
BUILDINGS Case study on:



 Amritha M. (BA14ARC004)
 B. Neha S. (BA14ARC010)
 Kakoli B. (BA14ARC021)
 Sneha N. (BA14ARC055)

The site we selected to study fire safety measures in buildings is the new and upcoming Girls’
Hostel in VNIT. It is a G+11 building which has not been inhabited by students yet but the
construction is almost complete. It will accommodate all the UG female students. A Megamess
(G+4) is also constructed along with it.

Achieving an acceptable level of fire safety in college students’ hostels is of utmost importance.
Fire resulting from students’ hostels can cause devastating effects if appropriate fire safety
management measures are not put in place.

Storage of flammable materials in safe areas, provision of clear signage indicating exit routes and
location of fire safety equipment, regular inspection and maintenance of electrical installations,
regular inspection and maintenance of fire safety equipment, and accessibility to fire hydrants are
key practices which if implemented by management could control the outbreak of fire in the


In New Girls’ Hostel:

 Hydrant Valve
 Fire exit staircases
 Fire escape shaft
 Smoke detectors
 Fire fighting equipment
 Adjoining open spaces

In Megamess:

 Smoke detectors
 Sprinklers
 Fire escape


Hydrant Valve:

 In case of fire inside the building, water can be supplied into the building through a fire
truck, with the help of hydrant valves
 Hydrant valves are of two types – inlet and outlet
 Water from the fire trucks is taken in by the inlet valve
 Pipes are connected to the outlet valve and water is sprayed wherever necessary
 These two valves are in close proximity ( less than 5 metres )
 Hydrant valves were on 3 sides of the building
Fire exits:

 Fire exists are provided at every 20 meter distance – 2 on the front side and one on the
rear side in the hostel building
 To satisfy fire safety norms, an additional fire escape staircase was provided outside the
building for additional safety
 In the mega mess, there are two fire escapes. One through the kitchen and the other
through the dining area

Fire escape shafts:

 Signage that leads to the fire exists

 Emergency lighting is provided at the turnings and exits
 Exits open into open spaces
 Firefighting equipment adjacent to the fire door comprising of basic safety tools
 The fire door is coated with aluminium and is made up of firefighting material which
blocks out the fire from spreading into the escape staircase
 The entry into the escape shaft is only one way. One cannot enter from the shaft back
into the building.

Smoke detectors & sprinklers:

 A difference in temperature due to smoke is detected and an alarm is generated by the

smoke detectors
 In this case, the sprinklers blast and spray water automatically once the temperature in
the room exceeds the limit
 Smoke detectors are placed in the corridors of the hostel at regular intervals and in the
mega mess dining rooms
 Water for the sprinklers comes from the overhead tank


Water supply for fire protection measures:

Underground water storage:

it is always filled with water, for emergency purposes

in case fire breaks out, water is pumped from the storage to overhead tank

Fire safety measures in the building:

from the overhead tank, the water is evenly didtributed to the various systems and
their valves