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Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.

23)

Document number Product name
Applicable for Product version
Wireless Network
Drafted by planning Document version V1.0
Dept.

Collection of GSM RNP technical
problems and replies(No. 23)
(For internal use only)

Prepared by: Date:
Reviewed by: Date:
Reviewed by: Date:
Approved by: Date:

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved

i

Table of Contents

Problem 436 About SDCCH Handover....................................................................................... 3
Problem 437 Location Update Failure ........................................................................................ 3
Problem 438 Effect of PCU Cell Reselect Parameter ................................................................ 5
Problem 439 Difference of BSC Level and Cell Level Handovers in Traffic Measurement ....... 6
Problem 440 2G/3G Reselection and Handover ........................................................................ 7
Problem 441 2G–3G Cell Reselection Failure.......................................................................... 11
Problem 442 Interference Matrix .............................................................................................. 15
Problem 443 Inter-system Interference Analysis...................................................................... 16
Problem 444 GSM Signal Fluctuation Phenomenon and Cause ............................................. 17
Problem 445 Network Optimization Related New Functions in Main Versions of GBSC......... 18
Problem 446 Third Order Intermodulation Interference of Mobile Communication Systems ... 21
Problem 447 Nastar GSM and GBSS Signaling Analysis Tool Installation and License
Acquisition................................................................................................................................. 24
Problem 448 Mapping between 800MHz Trunking Communication System Packet SN and
Channel SN............................................................................................................................... 26
Problem 449 Effect on a GSM System from a CDMA System ................................................. 28
Problem 450 Digits of CGI in GPRS Cell.................................................................................. 28
Problem 451 Methods for Modifying T305 and T308 inG9 Version ......................................... 29

Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. 23) For internal use only

Problem 436 About SDCCH Handover

Problem About SDCCH handover consultation

Description In the data configuration, for the parameter “SDCCH Handover Allowed”, “Yes” means

that SDCCH handover is allowed. What is the basis for SDCCH performing the handover?

What are the conditions for the handover? Whether SDCCH has the load handover

characteristics? Whether Huawei SDCCH handover supports intra-BSC handover only?

What about the inter-BSC handover?

Answer Huawei SDCCH handover supports intra-cell, inter-cell and inter-BSC handover, and the

criterion is the same as that of TCH, namely, they decide to perform the handover based on

the information in a measurement report and receiving level and quality. Because MS stays

on the SDCCH shorter than on traffic channel, the filter is short. Huawei supports SDCCH

handover types as follows:
Handover type Handover item Whether to support SDCCH
handover
Emergency handover Overlarge TA emergency handover
Yes
Bad quality emergency handover Yes
Fast level decrease emergency handover Yes
Uplink/downlink interference emergency handover Yes
Load handover No
Normal handover Edge handover Yes
Hierarchical and layer handover Yes
PBGT handover No
Speed sensitivity handover (fast mobility handover) Yes
IUO handover No

Problem 437 Location Update Failure

Problem Location update failure due to the access of MSs from other networks access

Description In a GSM network of X office overseas, many BTSs have been activated, but still

July 28, 2005 All rights reserved Page 3 of 30

The location update is initiated often on site. MS starts timer T3211 for location update request. Some MSs are not designed based on the protocol. July 28. the signaling tracing shows that the MSs send continuously a location update request for 30 times. without location update on the network. and MSC side rejects all the location update requests. so the addressing is impossible and the location update fails. location update attempt counter is greater than 4. If the location update fails. and the cause value of location update failure is “NETWORK FAILURE” instead of “PLMN NOT ALLOWED”. Huawei MSC GT Transition table is configured for the information of many international operators by default to perform the roaming. the roaming is not realized on site. and add the network ID to “forbidden PLMN list” of MS. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. because Huawei BSC has the information of operator B. In fact. The MS selects other PLMNs. The traffic measurement shows that the partial cells have many location update requests from users in B network. The GT Transition table aims to obtain the GT of HLR through the IMSI of MS for further addressing. the MSs send continuously a location update request to the network. Why do the users of other networks always initiate the location update to Huawei network? Whether Huawei network parameters can control the location update behaviors by the users of other networks? Answer According to GSM 0408 protocol. A maximum of 40. delete the LAI and TMSI information stored in the SIM card. namely. because B network does not cover the areas and the uses attempt to access Huawei network and many SDCCHs are seized. 23) For internal use only without any active users. 000 location update requests are present in a cell of suburb. if the location update attempt counter is less than 4. when MS accesses the network but the location update fails (cause value is PLMN NOT ALLOWED). MS starts the timer T3212 and waits for next periodical location update. 2005 All rights reserved Page 4 of 30 . For example. If the location update fails for consecutive four times. with the interval of 4 seconds. For the location update failure caused by “NETWORK FAILURE”. 4-carrier cells dynamically allocate six SDCCHs.

the parameters of all the cells are not configured. the C2 of target cell must exceed “C2+CRH” of serving cell. and MS reselects the target cell after five seconds. the cell SI reselect parameter configuration is present in the PCU. and it is stored in the “forbidden PLMN list” of MS. PCU add reselectpar <LCNo> <GPRSCellReselctHyesteresis> <C31Hyst> <C32Qual> <RandAccessRetry> <TResel> <RAReselectHyst> Execute the command to add the information of SI reselect parameter of logical cell. 3. which whether affects the cell reselection of GPRS. the cell follows GSM C2 reselection principle: 1. Currently. Answer ReselectPar is configured in the cell with PBCCH only. and MS reselects the target cell after five seconds. CRH takes effect. the cell reselection is performed only when the C2 value of neighbor cell must be 5dB greater than that of the serving cell. the C2 of target cell must exceed the C2 of serving cell. 2005 All rights reserved Page 5 of 30 . and the cause value is “PLMN NOT ALLOWED”. Activate the cell (mt gcell active) after the cell related configuration to validate the configuration data. The MSs do not access the Huawei network. If there is less than 15 seconds from last cell reselection to new cell reselection. Problem 438 Effect of PCU Cell Reselect Parameter Problem Effect of PCU cell reselect parameter Description In Huawei guides. the GT Transition table has no the data of B network. When MS works in Idle and Standby states. In the case of PCU data check. 23) For internal use only After the information is deleted. there are no cells with PBCCH in the commercial network. Execute the command to add the configuration data to the database only. July 28. Only when the MS reselects the cell of another location area or routing area. and the cell reselection of GPRS is not affected. 2. Without configuring the PBCCH. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. The MSC rejects directly the location update request from the MS of B network. When the MS works in Ready state.

Intra-BSC attempted intercell handovers (BSC level traffic measurement: Start the measurement after the handover algorithm decision.BSC outgoing cell handovers) 4. and source cell is different from the target cell) 2. 23) For internal use only Problem 439 Difference of BSC Level and Cell Level Handovers in Traffic Measurement Problem Difference of BSC level and cell level handovers in traffic measurement Description The traffic measurement shows that “Attempted intercell handovers” on BSC level are 1/2 of “Successful intercell handovers” on the cell level. inter-BSC handovers are 0.BSC outgoing cell handovers) From the above descriptions. Item 3 and 4 intercell handovers are sum of intra-BSC (incoming cell + outgoing cell) handovers + inter-BSC (incoming cell + outgoing cell) handovers. and the values of item 3 and 4 are twice of item 1 and 2 respectively. Attempted intercell handovers (BSC level) Successful intercell handovers (BSC level) Attempted intercell handovers (cell level) Successful intercell handovers (cell level) 678 651 1361 1307 192 178 379 349 Answer 1. Intercell handover requests (cell level traffic measurement: Attempted intra-BSC incoming cell handovers + inter-BSC incoming cell handover requests + attempted intra-BSC outgoing cell handovers + attempted inter. 2005 All rights reserved Page 6 of 30 . the source cell sends an “Intercell Handover Request” message to target cell. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. July 28. Intra-BSC successful intercell handovers (BSC level traffic measurement: Start the measurement after the MS accesses successfully target cell.BSC outgoing cell handovers + successful inter. Because the existing network has no inter-BSC handovers. Successful intercell handovers (cell level traffic measurement: Successful intra-BSC incoming cell handovers + successful inter-BSC incoming cell handovers + successful intra. BSC sends a “HANDOVER PERFORMED” message to MSC) 3.

“a cell reselection” means 2G –3G reselection or 3G–2G reselection. The serving cell of 2G delivers “XXX_Qoffset” to MS through SI. for FDD. In the case of 2G–3G reselection. How to prohibit CS handover from GSM to WCDMA but support PS handover from GSM to WCDMA? Answer 1. 2. XXX_Qoffset is a 2G–3G reselection parameter. When the UE transits from a GSM network to a WCDMA network. Whether the requirement discriminates CS or PS? How to discriminate them about the parameters? 3. If CS handover from GSM to WCDMA is realized. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. This requirement does not discriminate CS and PS. UE has the minimum requirement of quality (RSCP&ECNO) for 3G target cell.doc. XXX_Qoffset is increased by 5 dB” described in the 3GPP 0508-8m0. “a cell reselection” means 2G cell–2G cell or 3G cell–2G cell. In the case of 2G–3G reselection. in the sentence “In case of a cell reselection occurring within the previous 15 seconds. or no difference. but this parameter is not used in the case of 3G–2G reselection. the UTRAN cells July 28. The requirement for target cell is as follows: 1) The MS reselects a suitable UTRAN cell if its measured RSCP value exceeds the value of RLA_C for the serving cell and all of the suitable non-serving GSM cells by the value XXX_Qoffset for a period of 5 seconds and. UE realizes the PS handover from GSM to WCDMA through the cell reselection. 2. 23) For internal use only Problem 440 2G/3G Reselection and Handover Problem 2G/3G reselection and handover Description 1. Therefore. UE raises the minimum requirement of quality (RSCP&ECNO) for 3G target cell. 2005 All rights reserved Page 7 of 30 . Whether to configure minimum requirement of quality for RSCP&ECNO of WCDMA cell in a GSM network? What are the configured parameters? How about the recommended value? 4. whether there is the minimum requirement of quality for WCDMA target cell? What are the configured parameters? How about the recommended value for RSCP and ECNO respectively? 5.

6 = . but they are controlled by different parameters. 23) For internal use only measured Ec/No value is equal or greater than the value FDD_Qmin. 2005 All rights reserved Page 8 of 30 .74 dBm. … . Description of parameter “Qsearch_I” (3G cell search threshold in idle mode) is as follows: z Vale: 0–15 z Unit: class z Default value:15 In the idle mode. leading to a short interruption of service if the UTRAN cell is not suitable. 7 = ∞ (always) 8 = . the MSs search for cells when cell reselection level is less than (0–7) but greater than (8-15). 1 = . 15 = ∞ (never). Default value = ∞ (never). … . 9 = .94 dBm. XXX_Qoffset is increased by 5 dB 2) If the cell reselection is performed within previous 15 seconds. 3) MS cannot return to UTRAN within the previous 5 seconds from UTRAN cell to GSM cell. 4) 3G target cell is a proper cell (greater than the minimum quality and level).98 dBm. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.54 dBm. 14 = . two parameters “Qsearch_I” and “Qsearch_P” control whether to start the reselection towards 3G cell in idle mode or packet mode respectively. In case of a cell reselection occurring within the previous 15 seconds. The target cell requires the same CS and PS. 0 = . This item is optional.78 dBm.74 dBm. Description of parameter “Qsearch_P” (3G cell search threshold in packet mode) is as follows: z Value: 0–15 z Unit: class July 28. In a 2G system. An MS may start reselection towards the UTRAN cell before decoding the BCCH of the UTRAN cell. XXX_Qoffset increases by 5 dB. The protocol describes that the parameters required to determine if the UTRAN cell is suitable are broadcast on BCCH of the UTRAN cell.

so the ping-pong reselection towards 3G from 2G decreases because of signal fluctuation. XXX_Qoffset (FDD_Qoffset) is defaulted to 0dB.74 dBm. 2005 All rights reserved Page 9 of 30 . Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. increased by 0. see the parameter setting in 2. … . and Ec/No(FDD_Qmin) is defaulted to 10. 2= -18dB. ∞ (never). Explain value default FDD_Qmin A minimum threshold for Ec/No for UTRAN FDD cell re-selection. set FDD_Qmin to -8dB. The UE realizes PS services handover towards WCDMA from GSM. 3. 23) For internal use only z Default value: 15 In the packet idle mode. RSCP Thrsh and Min.94. 4= -16dB. 3= -8dB. indicating from -24 0dB. . Default value= -12dB 0-7 3 BCCH D/L z If the MS updates the location based on GP-032221. Min. indicating -19.98. the difference is 6dB. FDD_Qmin is set to the following value range through the CR GP-032221: Para.5dB (the value ranges from 0 to 49. 6= -14dB. . 4. 7= -12dB. Compared with the starting measurement threshold of cell reselection towards to 3G from 2G (-14dB). At that time.5dB). . the MSs search for cells when cell reselection level is less than the threshold (0-7): . Default value = ∞ (never). The two parameters are different from the settings in cell reselection. Ec/No Thrsh of 3G cell are set in 2G BSC. … . When CS services handover towards to a WCDMA network from a GSM network is performed. z Started from the protocols in September 2003. 5= -10dB. The recommended values are set based on scenarios and application requirements. 1= -6dB. .54 dBm. In the case of reselection towards 3G July 28. for example. the minimum quality requirements for WCDMA target cell are raised. ∞ (always) or higher than the threshold (8-15): - 78. 0= -20dB.74. for minimum quality requirements for RSCP and Ec/No of target WCDMA cell configured in GSM.

“0” indicates 2G cell handover preference. 2G handover type is controlled by the BSC. the MS searches the 3G cells when the cell reselection level is less than the threshold (0-7) or higher than the threshod (8-15).94 dBm. 1 = . that is. “1” indicates 3G cell handover preference. If RSCP is used.98 dBm. 14 = . … . z Whether CS services handover towards 2G cells (serving cell) from 2G cell is controlled by the following parameters: (1) Description of QSearch_C (SI parameter) is as follows: z Value:0–15 z Unit: class z Default value: 15 In the connect mode. the two parameters configured in 2G serving cell take effect.54 dBm. 6 = .78 dBm. the algorithm parameters (including best cell threshold and cell handover offset) use the threshold corresponding to the type of measurement report. according to the parameter FDD_REP_QUANT. the measurement report decides to use RSCP or Ec/No. (2) Outgoing system handover granted (cell handover parameter) z Different preference strategies for handover to target cell are controlled by the following two parameters: (1) 2G/3G cell handover preference -. 15 = ∞ (never). … .5dB (Ec/No corresponds to -14dB. the Ec/No parameter cannot be reference and reverse. 9 = . 23) For internal use only cell from 2G cell. If the type of measurement report is determined. and “2” indicates 2G cell preference based on the July 28. 2G BSC decides the type of measurement report based on the parameter and judges whether 3G cell meets the requirements for handover and reselection. Default value = ∞ (never). The RSCP must be greater than -100dBm.) In the SI of 2G serving cells. In the case of handover towards 3G cell from 2G cell. The two parameters are defaulted to 10. 2005 All rights reserved Page 10 of 30 . the 3G cell attributes set in the Cell External Attributes list take effect.74 dBm.74 dBm. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. 0 = . and Ec/No greater than -19. 20. 7 = ∞ (always) 8 = .

07. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. 5. The test shows that Sony Ericsson Z1010 MSs have 2G–3G reselection for five times.. 2G –3G handover related parameters are configured based on Huawei guides and suggestions of technical support experts. 23) For internal use only priority. hand off to 3G cell first. The settings of related parameters are as follows: z Qsearch_I=7 z FDD_Qoffset=0 z Qsearch_C=7 z Outgoing-RAT HO Allowed=1 z MIN RSCP Thrsh=10 July 28.10101. If “Qsearch_P” (3G cell search threshold in packet mode) is set to Never. The network collaboration strategy is to allow 2G–3G cell reselection but forbid 2G –3G cell handover. If this value is not set to Never. CS handover from 2G to 3G is prohibited. enable the PS reselection towards to 3G cells. (2) 2G cell preference threshold when “2G/3G cell handover preference” is set to 2: if the receiving level of the first candidate neighbor cell in a 2G network is less than or equals to “2G cell preference threshold”. Problem 441 2G–3G Cell Reselection Failure Problem Partial MSs fail to start reselection towards 3G cell from 2G cell Description 1.1120A. select a proper value. that is. 3G neighbor cells of GSM related cell are added to BSC. and 2G BSC version is GBSC32. the UE does not perform PS reselection towards 3G cells. 2005 All rights reserved Page 11 of 30 . If “Qsearch_C” (3G cell search threshold in connect mode) is defaulted to Never according to descriptions of answer 4. z Huawei 2G BSC supports handover to better cells in a 3G network. Otherwise. hand off to 2G cells. but Huawei U626 MSs and Moto A385 NSs cannot start reselection towards 3G network in the same place. Huawei BSC and RNC are mounted in Huawei MSC.

Qualcomm terminals fail to start reselection towards 3G network from 2G network. without the information of 3G neighbor cells. -14dB). 23) For internal use only Answer The parameters are configured correctly. MS starts the reselection towards the cell through the inter-system reselection threshold and information of neighbor cells in the SI2quater. You can read the GSM system information (SI) from the Probe records. namely. 2005 All rights reserved Page 12 of 30 . July 28. The SI2quater includes reselection threshold only. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. configure the following parameters: z “Qsearch_I” (3G cell search threshold in idle mode) z “FDD_Qoffset”(FDD cell reselection level offset) z “FDD_Qmin”(minimum requirement for Ec/No of 3G cell) z Qsearch_I=7 (always search for cell) z FDD_Qoffset=0 (always select a cell if acceptable) z FDD_Qmin is defaulted to 10.5dB (recommended as 20. To realize 2G cell–3G cell reselection. that is. -19. The above parameters decide that dual-mode MS can start reselection towards 3G cell if 3G cell meets the requirement of Ec/No. so MS cannot reselect the cell without the information of neighbor cells.

BSC adds three bytes to the last of “CLASSMARK ENQUIRY” message from MSC. For details. the eighth digit (counting from o from low to top).07. and delete the optional bit “SI2quater Indicator struct” (as shown in Figure 1) from SI3. 23) For internal use only Figure 1 SI2quater when MS fails to transit from 2G to 3G The analysis is as follows: The G3BSC32. 2005 All rights reserved Page 13 of 30 . and the call cannot be connected. reserve one digit of the parameter FDD_Qoffset. z Reserve the parameter to control whether the solution takes effect.1120A starts to support 2G–3G reselection and handover.10100. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. The patch SP01 helps solve the problem. According to 3GPP protocol. that is. This bit ID is sent to SI2 quarter on July 28. fill in the version based on the data configuration. A problem is present when Samsung MSs process the “CLASSMARK ENQUIRY” message. Otherwise. it is normal and the modification using the patch does not take effect. MSC version in SI3 is Release '98 or older”. If this digit is 1. If this digit is 0.

but most MSs do not read the entire SI2quater and fails to obtain the information of 3G neighbor cells.SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 2 quater message is sent on BCCH Ext. z When the parameter FDD_QoffsetBSC is set to FEFF. The frequency of 1800 MHz cell is in SI2ter. The description of SI2quater Indicator struct in the protocol is as follows: SI2quater Indicator struct SI2quatermessage The presence of this field indicates that the SI2quater is presentis broadcast. SI2quater_POSITION (1 bit field) This field indicates where the SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 2 quater message is sent: 0---SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 2 quater message is sent on BCCH Norm 1--. the system broadcasts SI2quater. SI2quater is not indicated in SI3. and the frequency of 3G neighbor cell and related reselection information is in SI2quater. SI2quater is received when MS works in idle mode and indicates the SI related to neighbor cells of inter-system reselection. Sony Ericsson MSs read all the information of SI2quater without considering the indication in SI3. 900 MHz serving cell is 900 MHz cell. In fact. Figure 2 SI3 content before and after modification of reserved parameters After the path function is disabled on site. so the reselection is successful. For example. and the frequency of 900 MHz neighbor cell is in the SI2 and 2bis. so the cell reselection is not present. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. 23) For internal use only BCCH or extended BCCH. 2005 All rights reserved Page 14 of 30 . SI2quater_POSITION (as shown in figure 2) in July 28.

For example. 2005 All rights reserved Page 15 of 30 . It is measured based on measurement report and provides the probability of measuring other cells in the coverage area of primary cell. Figure 3 SI2quater received by MS after parameter modification Problem 442 Interference Matrix Problem Interference matrix Description What is the meaning of interfere matrix? Overseas operators use the name. and the SI2quater received by MS includes the information of 3G neighbor cell (as shown in Figure 3). Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. 23) For internal use only SI3 is sent. and does Huawei use it? Answer The interference matrix is an interference analysis method used in a GSM system. July 28. Disable the “CLASSMARK ENQUIRY” to mitigate the call failure by Samsung MSs. MS can start the reselection towards 3G network.

2005 All rights reserved Page 16 of 30 . The possible inter-system interferences are shown in the following table: July 28. Problem 443 Inter-system Interference Analysis Problem Inter-system interference analysis Description The ever-increasing applications of mobile communication systems in a different mechanism raise more concerns about inter-system interference. Answer From the perspective of interference causes. and divide the interference into three levels: high (red). and has different format. 23) For internal use only serving cell Interference Cell 1 Cell 2 Cell 3 Cell 1 N/A % % Cell 2 % N/A % Cell 3 % % N/A Huawei uplink frequency is similar to the table. including cross-modulation and frequency doubling) z Congestion caused by the strong interference: (represented by “B” in the table) According to inter-system frequency relation list. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. According to the analysis of interference matrix. The while means no interference. the non-interfered frequencies in the cell provide a reference for modifying the frequency. The attachment : “Attachment1-Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. For similar processing. and low (yellow). see the Frequency Allocation Support (FAS) function of E manufacturer. confirm the possible interference sources. the interference includes: z Thermal noise increases: represented by “N” in the table z Discrete interference: Intra-frequency (represented by “C” in the table) Adjacent channel (represented by “A” in the table) Intermodulaitn (represented by “I”. medium (orange). List the possible inter-system interferences. 23)” provides three interference matrixes.

the signal fluctuation is present when: z MS is in Idle state z MS transits from Idle state to Connected state z MS is in Connected state the signal fluctuation is caused by: z Multipath effect z CDU configuration or implicit fault z Zero area signal fluctuation of antenna z Cell reselection (in idle state) z Downlink power control July 28. the common users can feel the network or MS signal fluctuation. According to the work modes of MSs. the level strength displayed in an MS of a GSM network changes on a real time basis. 2005 All rights reserved Page 17 of 30 . When two barriers or above of MS signal strength indication change. The users are in static state or transits from indoor to outdoor. and the MSs work in a standby or connected mode. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. 23) For internal use only Problem 444 GSM Signal Fluctuation Phenomenon and Cause Problem GSM signal fluctuation phenomenon and cause Description GSM signal fluctuation phenomenon and cause Answer Because the radio environment is complex. The change of MS receiving level within a range is normal.

07.06. z ABIS flow control (AGCH and RSL flow control): To mitigate the overload because the BTS accesses too many users and LAPD signaling downlink congestion due to much paging.07. Problem 445 Network Optimization Related New Functions in Main Versions of GBSC Problem Network optimization related new functions in each main version of GBSC Description Currently. see Signal Fluctuation Guide. this version starts to support E-GSM and R-GSM.1120A z G3BSC32.06. 2005 All rights reserved Page 18 of 30 .10100.10101.10101. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.10102.1120A z G3BSC32. z Multi-MNC function: MNC function aims to configure the cells of different July 28. Avoid the LAPD link congestion under special conditions to improve the performance of the whole system. Network optimization related new functions in each version are as follows: G3BSC32.1120A are combined into G3BSC32V300R002C13.1120A z G3BSC32V300R002C09 z G3BSC32V300R002C10 z G3BSC32V300R002C11 z G3BSC32V300R002C12 The functions of G3BSC32. 23) For internal use only z Interference For the signal fluctuation processing. the cell-level flow control function is implemented to mitigate the BTS overload.10100.06. what are the main versions of GBSC? What are new functions related to the network optimization in main versions of GBSC? Answer Currently.1120A: z Support EGSM/RGSM band: To ensure the network capacity. GBSC versions include: z G3BSC32.

z Power control II-generation algorithm optimization: Configure the uplink and downlink power control steps separately to perform the power control fast and flexibly based on the actual network conditions.03.1130A and above version). the users with higher priority can seize the radio channel of users with low priority. z eMLPP: When there are insufficient radio channels. This version supports the function (requiring the supporting from G3BTS32. z Enhanced IUO: Based on the intelligent underlay-overlay (including the IUO when July 28.30000. the BTS re-delivers an immediate assignment command to improve the MS random access success ratio. This function is defined based on the data configuration (requiring the supporting from G3BTS32. and attempt to initiate a cell handover to the user with low priority. G3BSC32. 2005 All rights reserved Page 19 of 30 .cell performance measurement 3 (measure the detailed cause value of outgoing BSC handover failure). the BSC reassigns the channel and sends an Abis assignment flow to improve the A interface assignment success ratio and user call setup success ratio. increase the transmit power on the downlink to avoid the call drop.1130A and above version) z Add the traffic measurement item. and initiate a handover to low-end user to maintain the conversation of the users.1120A: z Reassignment: After the BSC receives an “assignment failure” from the MS. z BTS LAPDm N200 parameter dynamic configuration function: BTS LAPDm N200 parameter must be dynamically adjusted as required. z Immediate assignment and retransmission function: Before the MS implements the “immediate assignment” flow. When the uplink (downlink) signal or receiving signal is worse.10102.01. 23) For internal use only HPLMNs under a BSC and the users of different operators display their NIDs of SIM card under the cells of respective HPLMN to meet the network integration of different operators. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.06. eMLPP function can better ensure the conversation of high-end users.30000.

G3BSC32. This function performs the IUO handover when the signal differences of cell IUO inside and outside. Otherwise. 2005 All rights reserved Page 20 of 30 . select the SDCCH on Underlaid subcell or SDCCH on Overlaid subcell first based on TA to avoid the SDCCH congestion on the UnderLaid Subcell.10100. If all the TCHs are half-rate in the case of dynamic adjustment when the channels are adjusted dynamically. PCU and MS. z Intelligent Underlay-Overlay (IUO) cell assignment based on the size of timing advance (TA): When the MS initiates a call in the coverage area of overlaid subcell. z TCH/H dynamic adjustment algorithm optimization: Partial MSs do not support half-rate. Thus. the MSs cannot be connected (assignment failure). z Support the EDGE functions. z Detail the cause values of SDCCH and TCH release (cell performance measurement (3)) G3BSC32V300R002C10: July 28. the information is not displayed. and this function requires the support from other related products and MS. Optimize the IUO handover algorithm to adjust the network more flexible and rationale.07. 23) For internal use only 900MHz and 1800MHz share a cell). If the interference band is selected in the BTS maintenance console interference.1120A: z Inter-system handover: Support the handover and roaming between GSM and 3G UTRAN FDD. G3BSC32V300R002C09: z View channel interference band: Report the interference band of idle channel while viewing the channel attributes on the BTS maintenance console. the interference band information is displayed in the channel attribute list. the enhanced IUO is added. and add the related parameters and traffic measurement indexes: the EDGE functions require the support from the related products. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. such as BTS. partial full-rate TCHs must be reserved. This function requires applying for the License.

TMODIFY. MSISDN. 2005 All rights reserved Page 21 of 30 . and IMEI). and add related parameters and traffic measurement indexes. T3103C. measure the traffic based on measurement report) Problem 446 Third Order Intermodulation Interference of Mobile Communication Systems Problem Third order intermodulation interference of mobile communication systems Description What is the definition of third order intermodulation of mobile communication systems? How to calculate the third order intermodulation frequencies of mobile communication systems? Answer When the signals at different frequencies are added to non-linearity devices. the signaling related to the users to be traced is displayed. z Enable the T8. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. the non-linearity conversion generates many comibination frequency signals. TMSI. the BSC can detect automatically and reports it to the BAM as an alarm (this function requires the support from the software of FTC version) z Support single-user signaling tracing: According to the fields to user to be traced (such as IMSI. z Detect automatically the network voice monologue: When the voice monologue is present in the network. The AMR is a voice coding/decoding algorithm and adjusts the coded voice rate based on the actual radio environment and helps improve the voice quality of radio communication system. 23) For internal use only z Support the PCS1900MHz and 850MHz G3BSC32V300R002C11: z Support the adaptive multi rate (AMR). G3BSC32V300R002C12: z Adjust the full rate and half-rate channel on a real time basis z Measure the traffic based on channel occupation duration (originally. and TREESTABLISH timers. and partial July 28.

The intermodualtion interferences are generated when: z There are non-linearity parts and the input signals generate intermodulation components. because their productions have the highest amplitude. GSM900. and intermodulation components with larger amplitude are generated. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.49 [Unicom C network:870–880] 2115 [3G(FDD): 2110–2170] 2160 [3G(FDD): 2110–2170] f1+f2-f3 833.51 July 28. According to the national band allocation.3G(FDD/TDD) are calculated as follows: SN Downlink frequency Combination Intermodulation frequency (MHz) (interfered uplink signal work frequency range MHz) f1(MHz) f2(MHz) f3(MHz) 1 878.49 [Unicom C network:870–880] f1+f2-f3 1928. and DCS1800. and f2 (absolute frequency): Fn=mf1+nf2 and Fn=mf1-nf2 The third-order and fifth order intermodualtion are the most common. The signals intervene with the valid signals and become the intermodulation interference.49 [Unicom C network:825–835] 2 950 [mobile G network:935–954] 2112 [3G(FDD): 2110–2170] 2154 [3G(FDD) :2110–2170] f1+f2-f3 908 [mobile G network:890–909] 3 958 [Unicom G network:954–960] 1849 [Unicom D network:1840–1850] 878. 23) For internal use only signals are within the passband of receiver. z The input signal frequency must ensure the combination frequency must be within the bandpass of receiver. the lower order intermodulation frequencies of CDMA800. z The input signal power is larger enough. 2005 All rights reserved Page 22 of 30 . If the frequencies of two input signals are f1.

23) For internal use only [3G(FDD): 1920–1980] 4 878.49 [Unicom C network:870–880] 1805 [mobile D network:1805–1820] 960 [Unicom G network:954–960] f1+f2-f3 1723. 2005 All rights reserved Page 23 of 30 .49 [Unicom C network:870–880] 936 [mobile G network:935–954] f1+f2-f3 900.49 [mobile D network:1710–1725] 11 1846 [Unicom D network:1840–1850] 955 [Unicom G network:954–960] f1-f2891 July 28.49 [mobile G network:890–909] 6 936 [mobile G network:935–954] 1806 [mobile D network:1805–1820] 958 [Unicom G network:954–960] f1+f2-f3 1784 [3G(FDD supplement):755–1785] 7 1806 [mobile D network:1805–1820] 2111 [3G(FDD): 2110–2170] 2169 [3G(FDD) :2110–2170] f1+f2-f3 1748 [Unicom D network:1745–1755] 8 878.49 [Unicom C network:825–835] 5 958 [Unicom G network:954–960] 878.49 [Unicom C network:870–880] 957 [Unicom G network:954–960] 940 [mobile G network:935–954] f1+f2-f1 895.49 [Unicom C network:870–880] 2120 [3G(FDD) :2110–2170] 2165 [3G(FDD) :2110–2170] f1+f2-f3 833.49 [mobile G network:890–909] 9 936 [mobile G network:935–954] 958 [Unicom G network:954–960] 2f1-f2 914 [Unicom G network:909–915] 10 878. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.

wherein.huawei. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.2. 23) For internal use only [mobile G network:890–909] 12 950 [mobile G network:935–954] 953 [mobile G network:935–954] f1+f2 1903 [PHS:1900–1915] [3G(TDD):1880–1920] 13 952 [mobile G network:935–954] 2f1 1904 [PHS:1900–1915] [3G(TDD):880–1920] 14 955 [Unicom G network:954–960] 958 [Unicom G network:954–960] f1+f2 1913 [PHS:1900–1915] [3G(TDD):1880–1920] 15 947 [mobile G network:935–954] 955 [Unicom G network:954–960] f1+f2 1902 [PHS:1900–1915] [3G(TDD):1880–1920] Problem 447 Nastar GSM and GBSS Signaling Analysis Tool Installation and License Acquisition Problem Nastar GSM and GBSS signaling analysis tool installation and License acquisition Description z What are the Nastar GSM versions currently? z How to obtain the installation program and License of SQL? z How to obtain the installation program and License of GBSS signaling analysis tool? Answer Nastar GSM installation path: [support.1 and Nastar GSM 2. Nastar GSM2.com/Software center/Small tool and software/Wireless/Network planning and optimization tools/GENEX network optimization tools (for GSM)] Nastar GSM includes Nastar GSM 2. Nastar GSM 2. If the SQL is installed.2 provides an installaiton program only. this version July 28. 2005 All rights reserved Page 24 of 30 .1 includes personal version (without installing SQL) and standard version (installing SQL).

com to apply for the usage authorization License of this software. Feedback information refers to a series of characters and numbers generated after running the file “GetMac.exe”. SQL installation disk (personnal version) is delivered with the Naster installation disk to the regional divisions or representative offices. Applied product refers to Nastar GSM. After the License file is acquired. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. GBSS signaling analysis tool installation path: [support. or other network planning tool and software. Name Work ID Department Applied product version Feedback information Purpose Remarks wherein. run the file ”GetMAC.2. Nastar GSM 2.2 is recommended. After the Nastar GSM is installed. check whether the filename of License is July 28. and engineering parameter managment. Send the RegiterCode to Huawei.1 or Nastar GSM 2. Version refers to the specific version. frequency analysis.exe”.com and specify the work ID and department. The Nastar GSM 2. see the User Manual or Help. this version only provides neighbor cell analysis. for example.com/Software center/Small tool and software/Wireless/GBSS product maintenance tool/Signaling analysis tool V300R002B010 installation disk-20050621] Acquire the GBSS signaling analysis tool License as follows: When running the signaling analysis tool for the first time. 2005 All rights reserved Page 25 of 30 . Send the address information generated and the following table to moweike@huawei. 23) For internal use only supports traffic measurement and analysis. a series of RegisterCode is generated based on the prompt. GBSS engineers send the RegisterCode to wudonghui@huawei. Nastar WCDMA. As for any questions during the Nastar GSM installation and usage. and R&D engineers send the RegisterCode to shaoshubin@huawei. Radio network planning engineers send the RegisterCOde to shixiaoliang@huawei. Nastar CDMA.com. Otherwise.huawei.com.

816MHz-821MHz is used for the trunking system. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.141.101. 2005 All rights reserved Page 26 of 30 .151.161. wherein.181 6 6.86.136.121.126. and copy the License file to the same directory of signaling tool program “SignalTool.66.81.106.191 16.41.186 11. For the installation and function introduction of the tool.61.2*(n-350)+45MHz 350<n<425 For the analog trunking. see Signaling Analysis Tool V1.171 31. 21. 23) For internal use only “SignalToolLicense. The mapping between the frequency and absolute frequency “n” is as follows: MS transmits at F(n)=806+0. The mapping between trunking communication system packet SN and channel SN is as follows: Group Channel SN Group Channel SN 1 1.91. 000.2*(n-350)MHz 350<n<425 BTS transmits at F(n)=806+0.46.96.111. the iDEN of M has the interval of 25.exe” to run normally the signaling analysis tool.146.71.51.lic”.131. If not.0 Operation Guide.56. and managed by the regional wireless committee. and the corresponding channel SN Answer The frequency of 800MHz trunking system ranges from 806MHz to 821MHz.166 26. modify the name. 806MHz-816MHz is used for national network/the army and managed by the national wireless committee.176 July 28. and 851MHz to 866MHz. Problem 448 Mapping between 800MHz Trunking Communication System Packet SN and Channel SN Problem Mapping between 800MHz trunking communication system packet SN and channel SN Description The frequency usage of 800MHz trunking communication system.

112.139.192 7 7.185 10 10.158.196 2 2.53.55.134.150.84.197 3 3.145.114.67.113.72.187 12.163 23.124.93.174 34.170 30.60.78.79.162 22.74.97.88.192 17.137.195 20.75.172 32.159.155.100.147.142.118.116.183 8 8.50. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No.125.178 38.157.73.43.140.94.120.130.110.102.188 13.200 July 28.109.105.63.179 39.115.48.129.83.69.47.153.89.76.149.103.42.135.98.129. 2005 All rights reserved Page 27 of 30 .198 4 4.184 9 9.99.49.180 40.44.169 29.92.144.154.165 25.177 37.127.138.190 15.70.95.123.199 5 5.59.189 14.156.168 28.87.175 35.108.58.193 18.77.85.54.52.173 33.45.107.133.148.164 24.62.117.104.82.68.152.194 19.64.143.167 27.65.80.90.132.57.128.160. 23) For internal use only 36.122.

The effects can be reduced by improving: z Antenna separation. 23) For internal use only Problem 449 Effect on a GSM System from a CDMA System Problem Effect on a GSM system from a CDMA system Description The phenomenon shows that the interference band index of traffic measurement is worse. but Huawei supports the decimal and hex. z Front end filter separation of CDMA system z Receiving end filter separation of GSM system And changing z Intermediate frequency band Problem 450 Digits of CGI in GPRS Cell Problem CGI digits of CGI in GPRS cell Description If the cell is a GPRS cell. z Spurious emission effect: the fixed combination of CDMA transmission signals and GSM RF signals falls in the receiving inband of intermediate frequency. CGI=LAI+RAC+CI. It is a July 28. LAC=1800 (Dec) = 0708 (Hex). and LAC and CI are coded in hex. MCC+MNC=284+03. The MCC and MNC are coded in decimal in the protocols. 2005 All rights reserved Page 28 of 30 . and consists of a group of cells. How to represent the RAC? Answer 1. z Thermal noise: the receiving inband interference from the thermal noise of CDMA system on a GSM system. 2. CGI=284030708474B. Routing Area Code (RAC) is used in a GPRS cell. Some companies code the RAC in binary. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. and has 13 digits. How the RAC is coded? For example. Answer The effects on a GSM system from a CDMA system are as follows: z Congestion effect: the CDMA signals saturate the low noise amplifier (LNA) of front end in a GSM system and the GSM system cannot receive the signals normally. and CI=18251(Dec) =474B (Hex). The CGI has 13 digits without the RAC. the interference from CDMA network on GSM system causes the problem. When the CDMA network collocates with or close to the GSM network.

TMRSEQ=19. 2005 All rights reserved Page 29 of 30 . For the methods for changing the parameter in MSC33/60 version. TMRSEQ=13. Change the default value from 30 seconds to 5 seconds (T305) MOD TIMER: MPID=126. TMRIDX=0. TMRVAL=***. The CGI of PCU data configuration has 15 digits. TMRIDX=0. Currently. Huawei codes the RAC in hex. a routing area is the same as a location area. the paging combination capability of air interface is reduced. The modification of T305 and T308 of MSC helps MSC send fast “CLEAR COMMAND” to reduce the times for BSC reporting the “CLEAR REQUEST”. For the GPRS data service. Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. and the location update and paging of GPRS are in the unit of a route area. The CGI of BSC data configuration excludes the RAC. TMRIDX=0. and the RAC is used in CGI of PCU data configuration. namely. see Question 3 in the FAQs about Radio Network Planning GSM Technical Support (36). T305: MOD TIMER: MPID=126. Problem 451 Methods for Modifying T305 and T308 inG9 Version Problem Methods for modifying T305 and T308 in G9 version Description How to modify T305 and T308 in G9 version? Answer According to measurement points of traffic measurement of China Mobile. The RAC ranges from “00” to “FF”. a location area can have one or more routing areas. TMRVAL=***. TMRSEQ=12. After the verification at the sites in XX and the usage of the third party. July 28. Change the default value from 10 seconds to 2 seconds. a location area is set as routing area. TMRVAL=***. because the GPRS traffic is small. This decreases the signaling load of packet paging. the effect is obvious. the drop call is measured as the times for BSC sending “Clear Request” to MSC. Change the default value from 30 seconds to 10 seconds (T305 playing announcement) T308: MOD TIMER: MPID=126. 23) For internal use only subnet of location area. namely. 3.

Collection of GSM RNP technical problems and replies(No. 23) For internal use only July 28. 2005 All rights reserved Page 30 of 30 .