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Contemporary Art

Art is concerned with the creativity and processes and products of human creativity and social life.
Expression of human creativity

Contemporary Art - Artist who are living in the twenty first century. Recent and current practice of art

BRIEF HISTORY OF PHILIPPINE ART

Pre-conquest- Before coming of colonizer

Indigenous - our ancestor have been making art even before the colonization

This era is the beginning of literature

Pre- Conquest Art

Place Place Meaning


Cañao Cordillera province, Luzon Announce birth,wakes,wedding
Kashawig Lake Lanao, Mindanao Abundance ofn the harvest
Tagbanwa Palawan, Visaya Taken from goddesses themselves
Kudyapi 3 string
Kulintang drums
Pangalay Imitate movement
Man Manok Bagobo Movement of chicken
Kadaliwas Imitate Monkey
Inamong Matig Salug Imitate monkey
Tinikling Imitate prey
Bul-ul Ifugao Granary god
Hagabi Paete and Pampanga chair
Manunggul Jar Palawan Secondary burial

Spanish Colonial Period

Art form are referred to stylistically and culturally as religious art

 Baroque style church in San Agustin Manila


 Nuestra Señora del Rosario in Bohol
 Retablo. Decorative altar
 Via Crusis. Series of 14 painting depicting Christ Crucifixion
 Pasyon and Pabasa. Musical form based on Catholic faith. Biblical narration of Christ
 Awit and Corrido. Musical form chanted stories based on European Literature
 Kundiman and Balitao. Sentimental love song
 Zarsuela. Singing and dancing combined with prose and dialogue
 Komedya. Depict the conflict between the Muslim and Christian
Two types of Komedya
1. Komedya de Santo. Life of Christ.
2. Secular Komedya. Love story of between Christian and an Islamic
heroine

American Colonial Period

Play such as:

 Tanikalang Ginto (1902) Juan Abad


 Hindi ako patay (1903) Aurelio Tolentino
 Kahapon, Ngayon, at bukas (1903) Aurelio Tolentino

Drama Simbolico. One act play represent a day and yearning

A Modern Filipina. First play written in English by Lino Castillejo.

Vaudeville. Collection of slapstick,songs,dances, acrobatic and comedy skills,

Planting of Rice (1921) and El Kundiman (1930)

Guillermo Tolentino. Known for his iconic oblation

Context of art refer to setting, conditions, circumstances, and occurrences affecting production and
reception or audience response to an art.

Context is a set of background information that enables us to formulate meanings about works of art.

Artist’s background is an artist age, gender, culture, economics conditions and social environment and
disposition affects productions.

Nature can be seen as source of inspiration.

Everyday life is an integration part of daily life.

Changes in landscape, innovations in technology and popular type of media have dramatically
influence our relations and the way we live.

Society, Politics, and economy and history affects artist the work that they do and structure that
support their production.

Mode of reception is our level of exposure to art form


Type Awardee Name Art Location Year
Weaving Lang Dulay Tinalak Weaving South Cotabato 1998
Weaving Salinta Monon Inabal Weaving Davao Del Sur 1998
Weaving Darhata Sawabi Pis siyabit Tausug 2004
Weaving Haja Amina Appi Mat Weaving Tawi-Tawi 2004
Weaving Magdalena Gamayo Inabel Weaving Ilocos Norte 2012
Literature and Performing arts Ginaw Bilog Surat Mangyan & Oriental 1993
Ambahan Poetry Mindore
Literature and Performing arts Masino Intaray Lyrical Poems Palawan 1993
Literature and Performing arts Suman Sulaiman Playing Kudyapi Maguindanao 1993
Literature and Performing arts Alonzo Saclag Playing Kalinga Musical Kalinga 2000
instrument
Literature and Performing arts Federico Caballero Chanting Sugidanon Panay Island 2000
Epic
Literature and Performing arts Uwang Ahadas Yakan Musical Basilan 2000
Instruments
Plastic Art Eduardo Mutac Silver Plating of Pampanga
religious and secular
art
Plastic Art Teofilo Garcia Tabungaw Hat Abra 2012

Factors affecting the traditional artist production

1. Tourism
2. Mining and Infrastructure Projects
3. Militarization
4. Christianization