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EBC Innovative Technology Program:

Update on Drone Regulations, Capabilities,


Data Processing & More
Welcome

Jackson Bailey
Communications & Marketing Coordinator
Environmental Business Council

Environmental Business Council of New England


Energy Environment Economy
Program Introduction & Overview

Jon Budreski
Program Chair & Moderator

Director of Business Development


American Rail Engineers dba AirShark

Environmental Business Council of New England


Energy Environment Economy
UAS in the Transportation & Energy Markets

Jon Budreski
Program Chair & Moderator

Director of Business Development


American Rail Engineers dba AirShark

Environmental Business Council of New England


Energy Environment Economy
Environmental Business Council of New England – UAS
Todays Agenda :
UAS in the Transportation & Energy Markets
Jon Budreski, Director of Business Development, AirShark

UAS Photogrammetry & SFM for Monitoring Coastal Processes


Peter Traykovski, Associate Scientist, Applied Ocean Physics & Engineering Department, Woods
Hole Oceanographic Institution

UAS Case Study: Groundwater/Surface Water Interface Mapping


Martin Briggs, Research Hydrologist, Earth Systems Processes Division, Hydrogeophysics Branch,
U.S. Geological Survey

UAS Program Development: Commonwealth Drone Pilot Program


Jeff DeCarlo, Ed.D., PMP, ATP, Aeronautics Administrator, MassDOT
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EBC New England – Feb 9 2018

Engineering - Software - UAV Data Collection - GIS - Video Production


Energy & Transportation Solutions…
Moving People, Goods and Energy. Safely.

Energy
Opportunities exist with energy generation and delivery including rail,
pipelines, electric transmission as well as renewables.

Transportation
Our bridges, highways, terminals railroads and airports require mandated inspections.
DAWN OF THE DRONE
… enabled by smartphones

Smartphone technology has reduced the size,


weight, and cost of drone sub-systems:

• Camera Sensors
• Radio Communications
• Batteries
• Orientation & GPS
• Compact Processing Power

With the addition of motors & flight control


systems, drones bring this technology airborne.
CHECKLIST
For UAS Operations

FAA Approval Insurance & Safety Experience Processing


Adequate Insurance Situational
Section 333 or Part 107 Hardware
Coverage Awareness
Safety Plan & Operational
Licensed Operators Type of Aircraft Software
Checklists
Authorizations for Specific Application
Pre-Flight Briefing Data Types
Airspace Specific
Regulatory Update …2018
Rules for Planning Purposes (FAA Part 107)

LINE OF SIGHT
UAS must remain within the operator’s line of sight, in case of emergency.
This also means operations must be conducted between dawn and dusk.

AIRSPACE
Except in special circumstances, commercial UAS must not operate within 5NM of an operating airport, and
are generally limited to 400FT above the ground.
SAFETY
Safety Management System

FOUR
ONE
Training
Commitment to Safety Pilot Training
Culture Industry-Specific Education

TWO FIVE
SMS Drug & Alcohol Policy
Active Safety
Committee

THREE SIX
Standard Operating Job Hazard Analysis
Procedures &
Maintenance
TYPES OF
UAS
They’re multiplying!
Sensors
Current

Viz IR LIDAR ?

VISIBLE IR & MULTISPECTRAL LIDAR OTHER

High Resolution Still & Thermal & High Accuracy RTK GPS
Video Multispectral 3D Capture Gas Detectors
Your Sensor Here
Data Types

Geotagged Imagery Point Clouds GIS CAD

Geo-referenced still & Photogrammetric High resolution Contours & Basic


video point clouds in orthoimagery, Feature Extraction
standard formats multispectral & raster
elevation models
DATA CAPTURE
400%
200%
100%

High Resolution
for further Digital
Zoom
Transportation
LiDAR
TIME
Recent LiDAR Support Provided :
Rail, Survey Support, Existing Conditions Support

Assist rail road in capturing point cloud data for rail bridge to complement inspection
Assist Engineering & Survey firm to capture existing conditions data
Assist Engineering firm in required quarterly mapping and survey for coastal erosion
Assist Federal Government with at historical site : Micro-topography
Assist State DOT Survey Group with highway planning / stormwater
UAS LiDAR
Small Form Factor – Big Help

Survey Grade (cm) accuracy.

250M laser range

Colorized Point Cloud Optional

RTK GPS

20-100 Points /M2 & up to 5 Returns


www.airshark.io

Thank You!

jon@airshark.io 603 – 427 - 9946


UAS Photogrammetry & SFM for
Monitoring Coastal Processes

Peter Traykovski
Associate Scientist
Applied Ocean Physics & Engineering Department
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Environmental Business Council of New England


Energy Environment Economy
UAS PHOTOGRAMMETRY & SFM FOR MONITORING COASTAL PROCESSES
Peter Traykovski, Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Chris Sherwood, Woods Hole Field Center
USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program
Background and then case studies:
1) Engineered System: Beach Erosion & Renourishment at Town Neck Beach Sandwich, MA
2) Natural Systems: Nauset Inlet, Cape Cod
CASE STUDY SITES

Natural System:
Nauset Estuary & Inlet, Eastham & Orleans, MA

Engineered System Beach


Sand Renourishment at
Sandwich Town Neck Beach
Next to Cape Cod Canal
STRUCTURE FROM MOTION (SFM) TOPOGRAPHIC MAPPING WITH UAS

 Similar to Stereo Photography,


Computations performed in
commercial software (AGI Photscan)
 SfM uses one camera that moves to
take photos from different views
 Features must remain motionless as
DJI Phantom 4: 1.5 Kg , 30 cm the camera moves! No surf zone
6x8 mm 12 MP sensor, 94° FOV
22 min, 5 TO 6 Flights
data.
 Potential for underwater
bathymetry in very shallow, still,
clear water
 GCPs are essential and accuracy is
related to GCP density
 This may change soon with
RTK GPS on UAS
SOME NAUSET SFM RESULTS

1) Windy Conditions 3/2017 2) Calm Conditions 9/2017


JETYAK UNMANNED SURFACE VESSEL (UAV)

+ =
Pixhawk Arduino Based Mokai Jet-drive Kayak Jetyak USV
Hobby Drone Controller for dangerous, dull or dirty work

Similar to SFM quality


• 10 x water depth swaths
• 5 cm to 15 cm resolution and accuracy
HIGH RESOLUTION NAUSET JETYAK USV DATA
MERGING JETYAK BATHYMETRY AND UAS SFM TOPOGRAPHY

SUBAERIAL SFM DATA


WELL CONSTARINED BY GCPs

UNDERWATER SFM DATA


Always too shallow!

JETYAK DATA
OPTICAL REFRACTION & SFM

UNCORRECTED UNDERWATER SFM DATA

CORRECTED UNDERWATER SFM DATA

JETYAK DATA
SANDWICH TOWN NECK BEACH
RESILIENCY OF A EMPLACED BERM TO COASTAL STORMS

Prevent
Initial response: 10freshening
days after of water for
Juno,
January 2015shellfish health

Merrily Cassidy/Cape Cod Times 9 March 2015


http://www.capecodtimes.com/article/20150309/NEWS/150309394
9 MONTHS LATER, FALL 2015:

January 2016, work underway


BEFORE, DURING AND AFTER WINTER STORM JONAS, JANUARY 2016

• Berm was twice


as steep as
natural beach,
more like a wall
• Built just before
winter storms
with no time for
dune grass
RESULTS FROM A 2016 PRESNETATION:
Four surveys in winter/spring 2016 at Sandwich
And previous large scale LIDAR…. And lots of detailed analysis of volume changes

Some indication of transport along


the beach to un-nourished areas,
but main finding is 1/3 to 1/5 of
In Collaboration with Chris Sherwood, USGS renourishment sand is lost below
low tide level.
RESULTS AFTER WINTER STORM GRAYSON
Sandwich Town Neck Beach mapped with UAS 2016 – 2017 (13 maps)

Jan 2016, New Berm


Mar 2016, Berm Regraded
May 2017
Sept 2017
Jan 2018
UAS Program Development:
Commonwealth Drone Pilot Program

Jeffrey DeCarlo
Administrator
Aeronautics Division
MassDOT

Environmental Business Council of New England


Energy Environment Economy
MassDOT & MBTA Drone Program
Shared Best Practices for State Agencies, Local Jurisdictions and the Commonwealth

February 9, 2018

Dr. Jeff DeCarlo, MassDOT Aeronautics Administrator, Drone Program Lead


Outline

Organization
Demo Video
Current Work
Presidential UAS Integration Pilot Program (UAS IPP)
Near-Term Goals

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Organization
• November 1, 2009-Commonwealth integrated transportation agencies
MassDOT created

• Organization with over 10,000 employees

• MassDOT - Oversight of four divisions and the Office of Programs and


Planning

• In 2015, MA Gov Charlie Baker Fiscal and Management Control Board to


oversee MBTA. Reports MassDOT Secretary. Charged with bringing financial
stability to the agency
MassDOT

Rail &
Highway Aeronautics RMV MBTA
Transit
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MassDOT Aeronautics Mission &
Responsibilities
Promote aviation
throughout the
Commonwealth,
while providing
an efficient,
integrated airport
system that will
enhance airport
safety, economic
development,
and
environmental
stewardship.

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Link to Demonstration Video

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Goals of Drone Pilot Program Phase 2
Develop policy (iterative) for using drones, and communicate policy
across MassDOT
Evaluate utility of drones to support MassDOT missions, and collect
data for a cost-benefit analysis of drones vs. existing non-drone
methods
Develop processes for using drones across courses-of-action. This
should include:
connecting mission owners to MassDOT drone capabilities,
acquiring drone hardware,
training drone operators,
flying drone missions, and
analyzing, protecting, and managing drone-collected data
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Drone Pilot Program Schedule: Phase 2
(Six Tracks)
Aug Sep Nov Dec Feb Mar May June

Internal Policy
Iterative Updates

Centralized assets
Kickoff: Incident Response

Drone
Distributed assets
Ops Kickoff: Highway & MBTA Construction Site Monitoring

Vendor-provided
Kickoff: Airport & Highway Pavement Analysis

Data Analytics & Security

Training Program
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Stormwater BMP

67 2/20/2018 www.mass.gov/massdot
Training, Procurement, and Operations
Qualify Drone Operators Acquire Hardware and Software Develop Standard Ops Procedures

• Establish qualification • Identify hardware & software • Identify best practices for safe,
requirements requirements based on drone successful flights
utilization needs
• Establish standardization and • Checklists
evaluation process for qualifying • Perform analysis of alternatives
operators for hardware platforms and
software suites • Follow FAA directives, including
obtaining waivers when needed
• Identify and develop training
programs • Establish procurement pathways

Focus of pilots will be on


qualifying existing drone MassDOT-operated drones to Establish professionalism for
operators be state-owned all drone operations

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UAS Integration Pilot Program (IPP)
• MassDOT Aeronautics submitted a proposal as the
Commonwealth’s lead applicant for the US DOT’s Unmanned
Aircraft Systems Integration Pilot Program

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FAA UAS Integration Pilot Program
MassDOT submitted Commonwealth’s proposal with 42 team members

1
3
5
1 Devens UAS and Autonomous Vehicle
Test Range
2 Joint Base Cape Cod Expanded FAA UAS
2
3 Test Range
3 Multi-City Innovation District
Transportation Test Area
4 Cape and Islands Coastal Connection,
4 Clean Energy, and Marine Research Test
Area
5 MA–NY Cross-State Unmanned Traffic
Management (UTM) Corridor Test Area
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Goals: Near-Term…Pilot Program
• Focus on flying to solidify
operations, policies & procedures,
checklists
• Common Core: Evaluate hardware
and software
• Fly projects along with Districts
to:
 Evaluate newly acquired UAVs and
software
 Validate SOPs, checklists, and
training models
 Evaluate policies and procedures
prior to full roll-out
• Maintain momentum!
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Goals: Near-Term…Research

• Task A: Expand UAS pilot program for surface transportation needs

• Task B: Evaluate UAS Pavement condition for roadways

• Task C: Evaluate UAS highway speed sensing

• Task D: Develop UAS emergency service drone network for surface transportation

• Task E: Assess UAS situational awareness technology for surface transportation

• Task F: Evaluate UAS cyber security threats & countermeasures for sfc trans

• Task G: Implementation, outreach & technology transfer coordination and mgmt


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Incentivize Innovation & Outreach:
Massachusetts UAS Test Center

A Commonwealth resource for all agencies, government, industry & academia. A


world-class ecosystem to explore and exploit the opportunities and challenges for
73 drones and multi-domain unmanned and autonomous systems
Conclusions
• Drones are an opportunity for MassDOT, the MBTA, and the
Commonwealth
• The written policy will be revised iteratively
• MassDOT will develop safer, cost effective, and widely adopted
solutions in concert with the MA UAS Test Center
• Drone use will present a significant data challenge
• MassDOT Aeronautics can play a valuable role in standardizing
methods and by providing support and oversight

MassDOT will learn a lot from the drone pilot program,


and is available to advise and assist other agencies
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Questions?

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UAS Case Study: Groundwater &
Surface Water Interface Mapping

Martin Briggs
Research Scientist
Earth System Processes Division
Hydrogeophysics Branch
U.S. Geological Survey

Environmental Business Council of New England


Energy Environment Economy
Open Discussion
Moderators:
• Jon Budreski, ARE / AirShark

Panel Members:
• Martin Briggs, U.S. Geological Survey
• Jeff DeCarlo, MassDOT
• Peter Traykovski, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Environmental Business Council of New England


Energy Environment Economy
EBC Innovative Technology Program:
Update on Drone Regulations, Capabilities,
Data Processing & More