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Grammar Starter Unit


Present simple

1 Put the words in the correct order.


enjoy / free time / activities / what / you / do / ?

What free time activities do you enjoy?

1 good / a / Josh / student / isn't

___________________________________________

2 play / does / football / brother / your / ?

___________________________________________

3 your / small / house / is / ?

___________________________________________

4 do / which / like / you / sports / ?

___________________________________________

5 here / does / how / snow / often / it / ?

___________________________________________

Present continuous

2 Choose the correct option.


I be / am watching TV at the moment.

1 Are / Do you wearing jeans today?

2 Jack’s walking / walk to school this morning.

3 My family isn't / not eating lunch right now.

4 Look! Grace is dancing / danceing!

5 Why are we siting / sitting on the floor?

Present simple and continuous

3 Read the sentences. Are the verbs in the present simple (PS) or the present continuous (PC)?
What is Joseph doing at the moment? PC

1 Anna doesn't like pizza. __

2 Bea isn't wearing a skirt today. __

3 How often does Tyler play sport? __

4 They are visiting Grandma at the moment. __

5 Does your team always play on Fridays? __

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Verb + -ing / noun
4 Complete the table with the questions.

Do you like rap music?


Do you like reading books?
Do you love computer games?

Verb +-ing

(1) Yes, I love it.

Verb + noun

(2) No, I hate it.

(3) Yes, I love them.

Vocabulary

Clothes

5 Match the halves of the words (1–11) to a–k.


1 trou a shirt

2 ca b hts

3 jum c dals

4 tig d ners

5 boo e p

6 ski f orts

7 san g sers

8 trai h ts

9 sh i et

10 sweat j per

11 jack k rt

Plurals

6 Write clothes words from exercise 5 which are normally plural.


trousers, __________, __________, __________,

__________, __________

Underline the parts of the body that you wear the plural clothes on.
head feet arms legs chest

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Free-time activities

7 Choose the correct option.


Chloe and Jason often play / go sport.

1 How often do they do / go shopping?

2 After school, I chat / hang online.

3 In the summer, I hang / do out with friends.

4 Ryan is listening / watching a film now.

5 Mum doesn't often read / play books.

Making suggestions and giving opinions

8 Complete the sentences with the words.


idea let's sounds sure want what

It's a nice day. Let's go to the beach.

1 __________ about going shopping?

2 Do you __________ to chat online?

3 That's a good __________.

4 I'm not __________.

5 Watching a film? That __________ interesting!

GRAMMAR STARTER UNIT

A. Write the correct possessive adjective

1. Mike lives with ..................... mother and father.

2. Linda likes ......................... History teacher.

3. Hi! ............................ name’s Linda.

4. Mike and Sue like dancing with ..................... friends.

5. Hello, Darren. Is this ........................ book?

6. We live with ............................ grandfather

7. Peter and you have got a big house. It’s ....................house.

8. This house is nice but ..................... garden is small.

B. Complete the sentences with the correct pronouns.

1. James is from London. ....................... is British.

2. “Where are .................. from?” “I’m from Madrid”

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3. My cat is big, but ............... hasn’t got a big nose.

4. Jean and Pierre are from France. ................... are 15 years old.

5. My friend and I are in class 7C. ................... like Art and Science.

C. Complete the text. Use the correct pronouns and possessive adjectives.

he our I we their she my his they her

Hi! (1) _____________’m Niall. (2) _____________ parents are Jean and Tom. (3) _____________’re
Irish. My sister Jean and my brother Tom are football fans. In (4) _____________ house, (5)
_____________ all love sport! My parents are Real Madrid fans. It’s (6) _____________ favourite team.
Tom is good at football. (7) _____________’s twelve. (8) _____________ favourite team is Manchester
United. Jean is a Chelsea fan. (9) _____________ favourite player is Figo. (10) _____________’s
crazy!

D. Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of be.

1 Paris _____________ the capital of France.

2 My cousins _____________ Italian.

3 Jane _____________ twelve years old.

4 We _____________ from Canada.

5 Avril Lavigne _____________ a good singer.

6 Pedro _____________ Spanish.

7 My friends _____________ interesting.

8 Barça _____________ a football team.

E. Write the negative sentences.

1 Maria is from Brazil.

_______________________________________

2 We’re good at surfing.

_______________________________________

3 Jake is in London.

_______________________________________

4 My parents are twenty years old.

_______________________________________

5 They’re interested in music.

_______________________________________

6 My brother is a sports fan.

_______________________________________

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7 Josh and Phil are Australian.

_______________________________________

8 Basketball is an exciting game.

_______________________________________

9 Arsenal is a great football team.

_______________________________________

10 Tokyo is the capital of Canada.

_______________________________________

11 I’m in New York.

_______________________________________

12 English is an easy language.

_______________________________________

F. Write questions and true answers. Use the present simple of be. ( /5)

1 you / good at English?

_________________________ __________________________

2 you / Spanish?

_________________________ __________________________

3 your parents / from Italy?

________________________________________________

4 your school / nice?

____________________________________________________

5 your friends / interested in music?

____________________________________________________

G. Complete with the object pronouns

1. Lisa likes cats. She likes to stroke _________ .

2. I ́m doing my homework. Dad is helping _________ .

3. Where is John? I have to speak with _________ .

4. Miss Jolanda is very nice. All the children like _________ .

5.The car is very dirty. I am cleaning _________ .

6. My chocolates are gone. Someone has eaten _________ .

7. The teacher is showing _________ (we) a film.

8. My mother is kind. Everybody likes _________ .

9. Blanca and Beatriz! Dad is waiting for _________!

10. Nacho and I are playing in the park. Dad is watching _________ .

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VOCABULARY STARTER UNIT

Clothes

1 Complete the quiz with the correct clothes words.

How much do you know about clothes?


Do the quiz to find out!

1 You wear these on your feet to do sport. ________

2 This is a small kind of hat that people sometimes wear to play sport. ____________

3 You wear these in the summer, so your feet don't get hot. ____________

4 They're like trousers, but not so long. ____________

5 We often wear these on our feet in winter, if there is water or snow on the ground.
____________

6 It's a short kind of coat. ____________

7 This is an item of women's clothing which covers the body and the legs. ____________

8 Women wear these under a skirt to keep their legs warm. ____________

Plurals

2 Complete the sentences with the plural of a word in the box. Which of the words do we
normally only use in the plural?
box cloth foot tight trainer woman

She loves fashion, and she goes shopping for new clothes every weekend.

1 It's really cold today. How about wearing some ___________ with your skirt?

2 Many tennis players have special ___________ to help them run faster.

3 Can you tell me where the ___________'s toilets are, please?

4 New shoes usually come in ___________ from the shop.

5 My ___________ are really large, so it's not easy for me to buy shoes.

Free-time activities

3 Complete the text with the correct verbs.

Come to Camp Beaumont!

Do you usually watch TV or (1) _______ computer games all day when you have a school
holiday? If you want to do something more exciting, what about coming to Camp Beaumont? It's
a cool, fun place and it’s never boring!

At Camp Beaumont you can (2) _______ all sorts of sports including tennis, cricket and rugby.
On warm, sunny days, you can relax and (3) _______ out with friends at the beach, or
(4) _______ swimming in the sea.

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In the evenings, you can do what you like. Many campers (5) _______ books or (6) _______ to
music. Or you can use one of the camp computers and (7) _______ online with friends and
family at home.

You'll have a great time and meet lots of new friends at Camp Beaumont. What are you waiting
for? Book now!

Making suggestions and giving opinions

4 Complete the dialogue with the correct form of the verbs.


be not be do go play prefer shall sound

A: I'm bored!

B: Let's go to the cinema and watch that new Hunger Games film.

A: No, I don't want (1) ________ that. Those books are boring.

B: How about (2) ________ a game of basketball at the sports centre, then?

A: That (3) ________ interesting, but I


(4) ________ sure. How much does it cost?
I haven't got much money at the moment.

B: OK. (5) ________ we go to my flat and play computer games? That doesn't cost anything!

A: That (6) ________ a good idea. Thanks. I think I (7) ________ computer games to basketball,
too.

READING

Read the text.

An unusual home

I’m Tim Theakstone and I live in a very unusual home. Most of my house is under the ground. The house
isn’t very big. It’s got a small kitchen at the front and next to that is a living room, with two comfortable sofas.
At the back of the house are the bathroom and the bedroom.

I live here with my wife, Jenny. She’s in the kitchen at the moment. I usually do the cooking, but Jenny’s
cooking today because I’m writing this blog.

One good thing about being underground is that the house is naturally warm. It uses solar energy to
heat water, and that works well. There’s always hot water. The only problem is that it’s quite dark
because there are only three windows at the front of the house.

Answer the questions.


1 What is unusual about Tim and Jenny’s house?

___________________________________________

2 What is in the living room?

___________________________________________

3 Who is doing the cooking today?

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___________________________________________

4 What is good about the house?

___________________________________________

5 Where are the windows in the house?

___________________________________________

GRAMMAR UNIT 1
Past simple

1 Write the past simple forms of the verbs. Are the verbs regular (R) or irregular (I)?
scream screamed R 8 take _______ __

1 begin _______ __ 9 ask _______ __

2 give _______ __ 10 remember _______ __

3 shout _______ __ 11 find _______ __

4 stand _______ __ 12 arrive _______ __

5 answer _______ __ 13 finish _______ __

6 leave _______ __ 14 cry _______ __

7 laugh _______ __ 15 hear _______ __

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of a verb from exercise 1.
1 What time did your first lesson ________ this morning?

2 I ________ €10 in my coat yesterday. That was a nice surprise!

3 He ________ all the questions in the test, but he's not sure he got them all correct.

4 The concert didn't ________ place because the singer was ill.

5 Dad ________ us some money to go and buy a pizza.

6 My older brother ________ home when he was eighteen, and moved to another town.

(there) was / were

3 Match the questions (1–6) to the answers (A–F).


1 Where were they? __

2 Was he late? __

3 Was there any music? __

4 Were they there? __

5 When was the party? __

6 Were there many people? __

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A Yes, they were.

B No, there wasn't.

C Yes, there were.

D At school.

E No, he wasn't.

F On Saturday.

4 Choose the correct option.


Maria was angry because her calculator
weren't / wasn't / didn't in her school bag.

1 Jacob and I wasn't / weren't / didn't at home on Saturday night.

2 Where there were / were / was the circus performers?

3 There wasn't / Wasn't / There weren't any food at the birthday party.

4 Weren't / There weren't / There wasn't any flowers in the garden.

5 Was there / There was / Did there a singer at the event on Friday night?

6 Wasn't / Were / Weren't there any cars outside my house?

used to

5 Match the sentence halves (1–5) to A–E.


1 I used to have short hair,__

2 Sam didn't use to play football, __

3 My parents used to drive to work, __

4 The children didn't use to like fruit, __

5 Did this bottle use to __

A but they don't now.

B have shampoo in it?

C but I don't now.

D but now they do.

E but he does now.

6 Complete the sentences with the words.


didn't to go use use to used to

I like camping now, but I didn't use to.

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1 They ________ use to know each other, but now they're best friends.

2 Did they ________ to live in that building?

3 I ________ like this band, but I think they're boring now.

4 We used ________ to that school, but we don't now.

UNIT 1 VOCABULARY
Events

1 Choose the correct option.


1 How often does this festival take part / place?

2 The stages / fans of the band were very excited.

3 The joke wasn't very funny, and nobody


laughed / screamed.

4 They held / clapped a big party after the show.

5 There were over 10,000 people in the performer / crowd at the show.

Adjectives: feelings

2 Underline the positive adjectives.


1 calm 7 nervous

2 bored 8 positive

3 angry 9 relaxed

4 energetic 10 scared

5 excited 11 surprised

6 lonely 12 tired

3 Complete the sentences with an adjective from exercise 2.


1 She worked at the restaurant until 2 a.m. this morning, so today she's very ___________.

2 Did you feel ___________ before you took your exam? No, I was quite calm.

3 Most people feel ___________ when they're lying on a beach all day in the sun, but I just feel
bored!

4 I didn't feel very ___________ yesterday, so I didn't do any exercise.

5 I didn't have anyone to talk to at my new school, and I felt very ___________.

6 I was ___________ to see Mike at the party.


I thought he was away on holiday.

Scout camps

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4 Match the definitions with the words.


campfire campsite expedition field scouts skills

1 Abilities, things you are good at. __________

2 A place to stay outside in a tent. __________

3 An exciting journey to find something or somewhere new. __________

4 Young people who join an organisation and spend time doing outdoor activities. __________

5 An outside area without buildings or trees on it. __________

6 You have one of these to cook and keep warm, when you are living outside. __________

Talking about school

5 Write the words in the correct order to make sentences.


teacher / your / who's / ?

Who's your teacher?

1 she / what's / like / ?

___________________________________________

2 least / subject / my / is / favourite / maths

___________________________________________

3 history / at / you / are / good / ?

___________________________________________

4 English to / prefer / science / I

___________________________________________

5 from 11.00 / P.E./ have / to 12.30 / we

___________________________________________

READING

Read the text. Where are the three schools?

______________________________________________________________________

The Studio School In the past, John Black was bored at school. Now he goes to the Studio School in
New York John feels positive. At the school, teenagers take part in projects individually and in groups.
These projects stimulate their imagination. The teachers say that their students feel energetic and
excited about learning. A School for Girls Kakenya Ntaiya comes from Enoosaen, a small village in
Kenya. Many girls there don’t go to school. When Kakenya was a girl, she wanted an education. She
went to school, worked hard and then went to university in the USA. But she didn’t forget her village.
She wanted the girls there to have the same opportunities that she did. Kakenya returned to Kenya and
built a school for girls there. Tinkering School The Tinkering School in San Francisco is a summer
school. The students can stay for six days. When they arrive, they spend their time solving problems

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and working on projects. There is also a farm and students can feed the animals. A few examples of
projects are building a roller coaster and a tree house.

Read the text again and answer the questions.

1 How did John Black use to feel at school?

2 How do students at the Studio School develop their creativity?

3 What did Kakenya want when she was young?

4 Why did Kakenya set up a school for girls?

5 When can students go to the Tinkering School?

6 What do they spend their time doing?

WRITING

Write about an event in the past. Use the questions and prompts to help you. Write about 100 words.
Paragraph 1: Where was the event? When was it? Who did you go with? Last weekend I went to …
with… Paragraph 2: What did you do? How did you feel? I was … because …

Paragraph 3: How did it end? Did you enjoy it? Why? / Why not? The … ended … I … because …

__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
_______________

UNIT 2 GRAMMAR

1 Look at the pictures. What were the people doing yesterday? Complete the sentences.

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1 2

1 He was listening to music.

2 She ________________________ in the park.

3 We __________________________ our homework.

4 I _______________________ in my bedroom.

2 Write the words in the correct order.


tennis / Jack / watching / last night / wasn't

Jack wasn't watching tennis last night.

1 was / computer games / playing / yesterday morning, I

___________________________________________

2 last Saturday / were / doing / you and Tim / from 7.00 p.m. / what / to 9.00 p.m. / ?

___________________________________________

3 looking for / at 8.00 a.m. / was / her keys / Julia

___________________________________________

4 we / listening to / sorry, / you / weren't

___________________________________________

5 going / where / they / last night / were / ?

___________________________________________

Past continuous and past simple with when and while

3 Put the verbs in brackets in the correct past continuous or past simple form.
While my parents were visiting (visit) some old friends, my brother and I went to our cousin's
house.

1 They ____________ (not cook) dinner when I arrived.

2 What were you doing when you ____________ (hurt) your hand?

3 I ____________ (fall) while I was playing ice hockey.

4 He ____________ (walk) on the beach when he found an old bottle.

5 As Susan ____________ (text) me, I was trying to call her!

4 Write when or while.


While they were working at the airport, they found some money in an envelope.

1 What were you doing ______ I phoned you?

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2 Phil was making a salad ______ the boys were cooking the burgers.

3 Mum went to get the car ______ Dad was paying for our meal.

4 We weren't sitting at our desks ______ the teacher came into the classroom.

5 Complete the story with the correct past continuous or past simple form of the verbs.
not be break clean cut see take think try walk

On Tuesday morning, my friend Gina and I were walking on the beach when we
(1) _____________ something in the sand. While we (2) ____________ it out of the sand, we saw
that it was an old glass bottle. We
(3) ____________ it, and then we looked inside, because we (4) ____________ that maybe there
was something interesting in the bottle, like a message. While Gina (5) ____________ to open the
bottle, it (6) ____________, and she
(7) ____________ her hand on the glass. Luckily, it (8) ____________ a bad cut, because the only
thing that was in the old 'mysterious' bottle was lots of sand!

UNIT 2 Vocabulary

Materials

1 Complete the words in the sentences.


I found some old photos in that big cardboa r d box in the garage.

1 Oh, no! You broke Mum's favourite _ _ _amic cup!

2 That's a nice c_ _ton T-shirt you're wearing, Jon.

3 Don't throw those _ _ _stic bottles in the bin; we can use them again.

4 I love these go_ _ earrings, but the _ _ _ver ones are very nice, too.

5 It’s too cold for a cap, I need a hat that’s made of wo_ _.

Containers

2 Find seven more words for containers in the word puzzle.


B O X T I U E J L X

I M V S U K P D Y O

I H E D K J A R N R

A S N U R V C D W F

B G V K R R K K Z F

O C E D V S E J C K

T P L B H E T D U M

T W O N F L J H P G

L M P U G L A S S V

E T E B O W L S N B

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3 Complete the sentences with six of the words from exercise 2.
What's in that big cardboard box?

1 I can't open this _________ of marmalade –


can you help me?

2 You look hot. Would you like a _________ of cold water?

3 Put your letter in this _________ and I'll post it for you.

4 Grandma, can I make you a nice _________


of tea?

5 I bought a big _________ of pasta at the supermarket.

6 There's some fruit in the ceramic _________


on the table.

Sea journeys

4 Complete the sentences with the words.


iceberg lifeboats luggage
passengers survivors wreck

They found the wreck of the Titanic ship in 1985.

1 A ship came to help the __________ of the disaster.

2 Oh, no! The ship is going to hit that huge __________!

3 There weren't enough __________ on the Titanic to save everyone when the ship sank.

4 Write your name on your __________, so it doesn't get lost.

5 How many __________ were on the Titanic when it left England?

Describing objects

5 Complete the dialogue with the words.


describe how it left lost made this

A: Good morning. I'm here because I lost my wallet yesterday.

B: Where did you lose it?

A: I (1) __________ it on the bus.

B: Oh! Can you (2) __________ it?

A: Well, it's (3) __________ of leather and it's black.

B: (4) __________ big is it?

A: It's small. It's around 8cm long.

B: Is (5) __________ it?

A: Yes, that's (6) __________! Thank you!

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will / won't First conditional

1 Look at the pictur e. What does the fortu ne teller 3 Rew rite the under lined words . Use the words in
say ? Us e will / won't and the ver bs in the box. brack et s.
SPECTRUM 2 REFORÇ I'll help clean up the park unless I'm busy. (if)
I’ll help clean up the park if I'm not busy.
Alexandra Bourke 1 We'll be late if we don't hurry . (unless)
_________________________________________
2 There’ll be no trees lef t unless we use less wood.
Alexandra Bourke was born in London in 1988, and started singing
(if )
when she was only five. She first
appeared on stage at the age of nine, singing with her mother,_________________________________________
who was also a professional singer.
Alexandra enjoyed singing on stage and she wanted to become
3 If theya singer.
don’t come to the zoo, they won't see the
animals! (unless)
She left school when she was sixteen and worked as a singer._________________________________________
She performed in some big concerts to
raise money for charity. 4 Unless it rains soon, the crops will die. (if)
_________________________________________

She first entered the TV talent competition The X Factor4inComplete


2005. She thedidn’t do very well
first conditional because
sent enc es . the
judges thought that she was too young to be a star. AlexandraIf entered themuch
you eat too competition
chocolate,again in 2008.
your weight will
This time she won! Her first song, “Hallelujah”, was number one in Britain for three weeks. She became
increase.
a star! 1 If we miss this bus, ______ ______ get home
tonight!
have (x2) help live (x2) meet stay travel
2 ______ Sam works a lot harder, he'll fail his
1 You’ll help sick animals. exams.
Read the text. Then answer the questions.
2 You ________ a beautif ul woman. 3 Pollution ______ ______ worse unless we
31 YouAt________
what agetwo children,
did you ________
Alexandra three.
first appear on stage? change the way we live.
4 You ________ in a small house, you ________ 4 If we ______ using fossil fuels, it will be better for
in a__________________________________________
large house. the environment.
5 You ________ at home. You ________ to 5 I'll save some money ______ I get a job this
What was
2 interesting her mother’s job?
places. summer.

2 Rewrite the aff irmative sent enc es as negative


___________________________________________
sent enc es and quest ions.
People will have smaller brains in the future.
3 At what age did Alexandra leave school?
People won't have smaller brains in the future.
? Will people have smaller brains in the future?
___________________________________________
1 Humans will look different in the year 3000.
________________________________________
4 When did she first take part in The X Factor?
? ________________________________________
2 Students will have robot teachers.
___________________________________________
________________________________________
? ________________________________________
5 How long was her song at number one in Britain?
3 Life will be better for people in poor countries.
________________________________________
___________________________________________
? ________________________________________

UNIT 3 GRAMMAR

will / won't

1 Look at the picture. What does the fortune teller say? Use will / won't and the verbs in the
box.

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have (x2) help live (x2) meet stay travel

1 You’ll help sick animals.

2 You ________ a beautiful woman.

3 You ________ two children, you ________ three.

4 You ________ in a small house, you ________ in a large house.

5 You ________ at home. You ________ to interesting places.

2 Rewrite the affirmative sentences as negative sentences and questions.


People will have smaller brains in the future.

 People won't have smaller brains in the future.

? Will people have smaller brains in the future?

1 Humans will look different in the year 3000.

 _________________________________________

? _________________________________________

2 Students will have robot teachers.

 _________________________________________

? _________________________________________

3 Life will be better for people in poor countries.

 _________________________________________

? _________________________________________

First conditional

3 Rewrite the underlined words. Use the words in brackets.


I'll help clean up the park unless I'm busy. (if)

I’ll help clean up the park if I'm not busy.

1 We'll be late if we don't hurry. (unless)

___________________________________________

2 There’ll be no trees left unless we use less wood. (if)

___________________________________________

3 If they don’t come to the zoo, they won't see the animals! (unless)

___________________________________________

4 Unless it rains soon, the crops will die. (if)

_________________________________________________

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4 Complete the first conditional sentences.
If you eat too much chocolate, your weight will increase.

1 If we miss this bus, ______ ______ get home tonight!

2 ______ Sam works a lot harder, he'll fail his exams.

3 Pollution ______ ______ worse unless we change the way we live.

4 If we ______ using fossil fuels, it will be better for the environment.

5 I'll save some money ______ I get a job this summer.

VOCABULARY Unit 3
Parts of the body
1 Complete the words for parts of the body.

1 br a i n 5 k_ _ _

2 n_ _ _ 6 f_ _ _ _ _

3 t_ _ _ _ 7 s_ _ _

4 t_ _ 8 c_ _ _ _

The environment

2 Underline the correct words for the definitions.


not have any more of something

= run out / decrease

1 not bad for the environment

= eco-friendly / polluted

2 become more or bigger

= decrease / increase

3 water or air that is dirty

= fossil fuels / pollution

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4 the result of the planet getting hotter

= global gas / warming

5 materials, such as coal and gas, that we use to produce energy

= greenhouse gas / fossil fuels

Illnesses

3 Match the sentence halves (1–5) to A–E.


1 I’ve got a sore __

2 I hurt __

3 My back __

4 I’ve got __

5 I’ve got a __

A my ankle.

B stomach ache.

C throat.

D temperature.

E hurts.

Talking about aches and pains

4 Look at the pictures. Complete the sentences with the correct form of hurt, and the words for
body parts.

1 2

3 4

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1 The men hurt their backs.

The men's backs hurt.

2 Grace _________ her a_________.

Grace's a_________ _________.

3 Brandon _________ his s_________.

Brandon's s_________ _________.

4 Sarah _________ her w_________.

Sarah's w_________ _________.

5 Choose the correct option to complete the dialogues.


1

A: What's the matter with / for you?

B: Good morning, Dr Brace. I think I've got


(1) the / a flu. I feel really hot and I've got a
sore (2) throat / cough.

A: I see. Okay, let's take your (3) temperature / headache.

A: Hi, Johnny. How (4) do / are you feel today?

B: Hello, Dr Jenkins. I feel terrible. I hurt


(5) me the ankle / my ankle.

A: Hmm, does (6) hurt it / it hurt when I do this?

B: Ouch! Yes, (7) it hurts / hurts me a lot!

READING
Read the text. Then complete the sentences.

Teaching children to love sport

A lot of children in Britain don’t do much sport. A new report on children and sport says
that most children love watching sport on TV, but most of them don’t like playing sport.
Langston School near Liverpool wants to change this situation. The head teacher, Paul
Scott, says, ‘We’re going to start school football teams for boys and girls next September.
And we’re going to have tennis and basketball lessons. We’re also going to have other
sports outside school, for example golf lessons at a golf club near the school.’ But what
about the children who are not very good at sport? Paul says ‘Of course, not every child is
good at football, but because we are going to have lots of different sports, each child can
find one that they really enjoy.’

1 The report says that most children like watching sport, but not _______________ sport.

2 Langston School is going to have _______________ teams next year.

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3 Children are going to learn to play tennis and _______________ at school.

4 There will also be _______________ lessons at a club outside school.

5 Paul Scott thinks that all children can find a sport that they _______________.

GRAMMAR UNIT 4

be going to for future plans and intentions

1 Choose the correct option.


Jessica isn’t go to / isn't going to sell her laptop.

1 They aren't going / aren't going to watch TV.

2 Tony is / are going to leave home.

3 They are / Are they going to sell their new app?

4 The dog isn't going to chase / go to chasing the cat.

5 What you are / are you going to do this afternoon?

6 A: Are they going to move house?

B: Yes, they are / 're going to.

2 Write the words in the correct order.


to / hockey tonight / going / watch / Tyler isn't

Tyler isn't going to watch hockey tonight.

1 is / Olivia / to / visit her grandparents / going

___________________________________________

2 to / going / drive to / Mum and Dad / the cinema / aren't

___________________________________________

3 Jack / next year / is / to get married / going / ?

___________________________________________

4 are going / go skiing at / the weekend / to /


Max and I

___________________________________________

5 a success / that new computer game / to / be /


is going

e going to and will for predictions

3 Write predictions and questions. Use will for predictions based on beliefs and going to for
predictions based on external evidence.

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Evidence
Oh no! that cat / fall off / the wall ✓

Oh no! That cat’s going to fall off the wall.

1 His leg is hurt. he / finish / the marathon 

___________________________________________

2 The sky looks very dark. it / rain / soon ?

___________________________________________

Belief
3 I'm not sure she / donate / the money / to charity 

___________________________________________

4 we think you / enjoy / the race / on Sunday ✓

___________________________________________

5 they / be annoyed / with us ?

___________________________________________

4 Read the sentences. Decide if each sentence makes a prediction based on a belief (PB), on
external evidence (PE), or if it refers to future plans (FP)? Write PB, PE or FP.
I didn't clean my room and there are clothes all over the floor. Mum isn't going to be very happy.
PE

1 Is Alexis certain that she will pass her exam? __

2 Grace is going to travel to America next year. It’s all booked. __

3 They're sure they will win the prize money. __

4 The tree branch isn't strong enough. I can see it breaking! He is going to fall! __

5 Are you going to enter the charity event? __

6 It’s going to snow. It’s very cold and there are lots of clouds. __

7 Mike won't enjoy this film, I don't think. __

Vocabulary Unit 4

Money

1 Match the sentence halves (1–7) to A–H.

1 You get pocket money E

2 Coins are made __

3 You earn money __

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4 You win money __

5 Bank notes are made __

6 Spending is the opposite __

7 People sometimes donate __

A of metal.

B money to charity.

C of paper.

D of saving money.

E from your parents.

F in a competition.

G at work.

Verbs and prepositions of movement

2 What's going to happen? Complete the sentences with the verbs.

climb crawl dive slide swim

1 2 3

4 5

1 The cat is going to climb up the tree.

2 Sophia is going to ______ through the wave.

3 Kayla is going to ______ into the pool.

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4 The baby is going to ______ under the bed.

5 José and Tim are going to ______ down the hill.

Weddings

3 Match the words (1–6) to the definitions (A–F).


1 valuable E

2 wedding __

3 get married __

4 groom __

5 bride __

6 ring __

A the action of becoming husband and wife

B a man on his wedding day

C a piece of jewellery that you wear on your finger, to show that you are married

D the event when two people become husband and wife

E worth a lot of money

F a woman on her wedding day

Paying for something in a shop

4 Choose the correct option to complete the dialogues.


1

A: That prices / is €50, please.

B: OK. Can I pay by (1) card / change?

A: I'm sorry, we only (2) take / want cash.

A: I'd like to (3) give / return this CD.

B: Have you got a (4) cash machine / receipt?

A: Yes, can I (5) take / have a refund, please?

READING
Read the text. Then answer the questions.

1 How old was Alain when he started climbing? ____________________________

2 What floor did his family live on? ____________________________

3 Where did Alain have an accident? ____________________________

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4 Where did the police arrest him? ____________________________

5 What does Alain like about climbing? ____________________________

The human spiderman

Alain Robert is one of the world’s greatest daredevils. He climbs tall buildings around the world.

He started climbing when he was twelve. His family lived on the 8th floor of a tall building. One day Alain forgot his keys, so he
climbed up the building and went in through the window.

It’s a dangerous hobby. He had a bad fall while he was climbing in Taipei, and hurt his arm quite seriously. In 2005 while he was
climbing in Texas, the American police arrested him. So why does he do it? It’s partly because he likes the feeling of danger. But he
also uses his climbs to make people think about world problems. In 2008, for example, while climbing, he wore a T-shirt with a
message about global warming.

UNIT 5 GRAMMAR
can, can't, could, couldn't

1 Choose the correct option.


She could / can read when she was three
years old.

1 Last weekend, he can't / couldn't invite friends to his house because he had an exam on
Monday.

2 Grandma could / couldn't drive a car when she got married. She learned a few years later.

3 Sorry, you can't / couldn't come to the concert with us. I've only got two tickets.

4 Olivia can / can't speak Spanish and English, so she has no problem when she's on holiday in
London.

5 When she was a teenager, she could / can go to the city centre on her own.

6 Mike isn't in the school concert, because he couldn't / can't play a musical instrument.

7 My mum says that we could / can eat what we want, if it's healthy!

8 I could / couldn't ride a bike when I was five.


I learned when I was four years old.

2 Answer the questions.


Which of the sentences in exercise 1 are about ... ?

1 present ability __, __

2 past ability __, __

3 present permission __, __

4 past permission __, __

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Comparative and superlative adverbs

3 Look at the pictures. Then complete the sentences with the correct comparative or
superlative adverbs.
1

1Gemma plays the violin badl y. Nick plays the violin w_ _ _ _ t_ _ _ Gemma. Jenny plays the violin t_
_ w_ _ _ _ of all. Jenny does_ _ play the violin a_ w_ _ _ a_ Gemma or Nick.

2 Daniel wakes up earl_. Jess wakes up


e_ _ _ _ _r t_ _ _ Daniel. Sam wakes up t_ _
e_ _ _ _ _ _t of all. Daniel d_ _ _ _ _ wake up
__ e_ _ _ _ _ _ the other two.

4 Correct the underlined mistakes in the sentences.


Peter cares about his weight, so he eats healthy. healthily

1 Hans is from Germany. He speaks German fluently than all the other students.
__________________

2 Joseph always studies hardly for his exams. __________________

3 Dad arrives home late than Mum. __________________

4 Tina sings well than we do. __________________

5 Tom doesn't work as hard than his brother. __________________

allow somebody to / be allowed to

5 Complete the sentences with the words in brackets.


Mum (allow / me) allows me to go to the park regularly.

1 I (allow) ______________ go to the park regularly.

2 Mr Smith (not allow / his students) ______________ leave the classroom early.

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3 They (not allow) ______________ leave the classroom early.

4 David’s mum (not allow / him) ______________ play computer games after 9 p.m.

5 He (not allow) ______________ play computer games after 9 p.m.

VOCABULARY Unit 5
Life stages

1 Find five more words connected with life stages in the word puzzle.
O T O K L B L F B Y

A O H D R G R H W R

E D S G I Y M O D T

A D U L T H U B O X

E L D E R L Y A L Y

R E S I B Y U B S K

T R Y Z Z P W Y A H

W J C H I L D J Q Y

T A C G N V I M A I

J M T E E N A G E R

2 Write the life stages from exercise 1 in the correct age order.

Child Adult

baby 4 _________

1 _________ 5 _________
2 _________

3 _________
3 Complete the verbs phrases with the correct verbs in the box.
buy get go grow have learn leave retire

grow up

1 __________ home

2 __________ a house

3 __________ from your job

4 __________ to drive

5 __________ children

6 __________ to university

7 __________ a job

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READING

12. Read the text. Then complete the sentences.

A medical prodigy

Akrit Jaswall was born in India in 1993. His parents could soon see that he was more intelligent than other children. He
could talk when he was only ten months old and could read adult books at the age of five. He was very interested in
medicine and he wanted to become a doctor. When he was six years old, doctors in a hospital said he could watch them.
He spent many hours watching them and he also read a lot of books about medicine.

Askrit went to university in India at the age of


eleven to study medine. He wants to finish his
studies in India and then go to Harvard University in America. He wants to find new medicines and make people well.
When he was younger, he saw people dying in the streets in India. They couldn’t go to hospital because they were poor
and didn’t have any money. Askrit wants to help poor people like these in the future.

1 Askrit was ______________ in India.

2 Askrit could ______________ when he was ten months old.

3 He was very interested in ______________.

4 He went to ______________ when he was eleven.

5 Askrit wants to help ______________ people who are ill.

GRAMMAR UNIT 6

Present perfect

1 Rewrite the affirmative sentences as negative sentences and questions.


Anna has worked in a restaurant.

 Anna hasn't worked in a restaurant.

? Has Anna worked in a restaurant?

1 The horse has jumped over the wall.

 _________________________________________

? _________________________________________

2 David and Jim have worked in the film industry.

 _________________________________________

? _________________________________________

3 Dad has gone to Europe.

 _________________________________________

? _________________________________________

4 The girls have applied for jobs in that shop.

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 _________________________________________

? _________________________________________

5 I have started my English project.

 _________________________________________

? _________________________________________

2 Complete the short answers for questions 1–5


in exercise 1.
No, she hasn't. 3 No, ____________.

1 Yes, ____________. 4 Yes, ____________.

2 No, ____________. 5 Yes, ____________.

3 Complete the blog with the present perfect form of the verbs in brackets.

Mrs Jones has given us a class survey about

our experiences. She has asked (ask) us about

our lifestyles, and we (1) _______________ (answer)

the questions. Mrs Jones 2) _____________ (record)

the information.
I (3) ____________ (write) some of the questions and

answers here:

Q: (4) ______________ (you / have) a Saturday job?

I (6) _____________ (earn) pocket money by keeping

my room tidy.

Joe

Q: (7) ________________ (you / buy) things online?

A: No, we (8) _______________ (not buy) anything,

but we (9) ________________ (sell) our homemade

jewellery on eBay. We (10) _____________ (make)

a bit of money!
Liz and Sue

Present perfect with ever and never

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4 Look at the prompts. Write questions with ever and answers with never. Use the correct form
of the present perfect.
you / book a hotel room

Have you ever booked a hotel room?

No, I've never booked a hotel room.

1 Alexis / lose her suitcase?

___________________________________________

___________________________________________

2 your parents / hire a car?

___________________________________________

___________________________________________

3 Andrew / miss a flight?

___________________________________________

___________________________________________

4 you and I / make new friends on a plane?

___________________________________________

___________________________________________

5 Choose the correct option.


That was the best cake I've ever / never eaten.

1 Have your sisters stayed ever / ever stayed in a hostel?

2 Ben hasn’t / has never been abroad.

3 This is the first time she's never / ever been abroad.

4 Ever has your teacher / Has your teacher ever given you a bad mark?

5 My friend and I have ever / never bought souvenirs at that shop.

VOCABULARY Unit 6

1 Complete the words for jobs.

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1 astronomer 4 p____________

2 v____________ 5 y_______ i_______

3 s_______ a_______ 6 f_______ f______

Holidays

2 Match the halves of the holiday actions (1–7)


to A–G.
1 buy A sunburnt __

2 forget B postcards __

3 miss C souvenirs ✓

4 explore D your luggage __

5 get E your flight __

6 send F new places __

7 lose G your passport __

Tick (✓) the things which are fun to do on holiday, and put a cross () next to the things that it's better
not to do.

A dangerous job

3 Choose the correct option.

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Most animals leave tracks / tribes on the ground.

1 If you eat or drink poison / cure, you might die.

2 Have doctors found a cure / hunter for that disease yet?

3 There are tribes / hunters of people in the Amazon who never leave the forest.

4 Hunters / Poisons usually catch animals for food.

Talking about work experience

4 Complete the words in the dialogue.


A: Why do you want to apply for this job?

B: I'm very (1) g_________ at creative things and I think I (2) c_________ write well, too.

A: Have you (3) e_________ worked as a writer for a newspaper before?

B: Yes, I (4) h_________.

A: Have you got any (5) e_________ of writing about sport?

B: No, I haven’t, but I (6) l_________ playing sport and would like to write about it, too!

READING

Read the text. Then complete the sentences.

1 In __________ the world’s population was one billion.

2 134 __________ babies are born every year.

3 In 2040 the population will be __________.

4 Some scientists think there won’t be __________ for everyone in the future.

5 Other scientists think that people will be more __________ in the future.

More and more people

Will there be food for everyone on our planet in the future? In the year 1800 the population of the world was about one billion. In
1950 there were about two and a half billion people on Earth, and by 2008 there were nearly seven billion. 134 million new babies are
born each year and lots of people now live to be very old. Scientists predict that by 2040 the population of the world will be nine
billion people. Some scientists think that if we don’t do something now to stop the population growing so fast, there won’t be food for
everyone in the future. But other scientists think that things will be fine because people will be more intelligent. They will learn to
grow more food, so there will be food for everyone.

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