You are on page 1of 5

# 7/12/2017 Calculating Slope and Common Slopes in Architecture - archtoolbox.

com

Search
Search ... Search

c Measurements >> Geometry >> Calculating Slope and Common Slopes in Architecture

START MINING
Calculating Slope and Common Slopes in
Architecture START MINING NOW!

## Trusted by over 500,000 Users

There are three different ways to indicate the slope of a surface relative to the horizontal plane: degrees, gradient, and
percentage.

Recommended
Slope gradients are written as Y:X, where Y is a single unit in rise and X is the run.
Both numbers must use the same units. For instance, if you travel 3 inches vertically
and 3 feet (36 inches) horizontally, the slope would be 3:36 or 1:12. This is read as a
"one in twelve slope."

## Calculating the Slope Percentage

Slope percentage is calculated in much the same way as the gradient. Convert the
rise and run to the same units and then divide the rise by the run. Multiply this
number by 100 and you have the percentage slope. For instance, 3" rise divided by
36" run = .083 x 100 = an 8.3% slope.

## Calculating a Slope in Degrees

The most complicated way to calculate slope is in degrees and it requires a bit of Related Archtoolbox Articles
high-school math. The tangent of a given angle (in degrees) is equal to the rise
Calculating Area
divided by the run. Therefore, the inverse-tangent of the rise divided by the run will

https://www.archtoolbox.com/measurements/geometry/slope.html 1/5
7/12/2017 Calculating Slope and Common Slopes in Architecture - archtoolbox.com
give the angle. Structural Steel Shapes

## Converting Between Drawing Scales

Calculating Volume

## Wood Industry Resources

Architectural Abbreviations

## Table of Common Slopes

The table below shows some common slopes. 1:20 sloped floors do not require handrails, but anything steeper than
1:20 is considered a ramp and requires handrails. 1:12 sloped ramps are the maximum slope allowed by ADA codes and
they require handrails. Federal ADA codes indicate that the maximum cross-slope of an accessible route is 1:48, which is
slightly more than 2%. However, we have seen some jurisdictions that allow a maximum cross slope of 1:50.

## 0.6° 1 : 95.49 1.0%

1° 1 : 57.29 1.7%

1.15° 1 : 50 2%

1.19° 1 : 48 2.08%

2.86° 1 : 20 5%

4.76° 1 : 12 8.3%

## 10° 1 : 5.67 17.6%

https://www.archtoolbox.com/measurements/geometry/slope.html 2/5
7/12/2017 Calculating Slope and Common Slopes in Architecture - archtoolbox.com

## Free Homework Help Online

Access School Resources For
Math, Science, History and Many
More Subjects & Ace Your Test

H Help make archtoolbox better. If you found an error or out of date information in this article, please let us know.

https://www.archtoolbox.com/measurements/geometry/slope.html 3/5
7/12/2017 Calculating Slope and Common Slopes in Architecture - archtoolbox.com

Signup Now

## Helpful Tools for Architects and Building Designers

Bluebeam Tools and Templates Best Architecture Books Simple Scale for Architects Architecture News
Tool sets, hatches, line types, stamps, Our list of the top reference books for Archtoolbox designed scale for architects An architecture news aggregator that
and templates for Bluebeam Revu. architects - these are the ones we have - one scale per side and it includes a pulls news stories from a series of
on our shelf. 1/16" scale. popular architecture websites.

More Information Display and/or use of the information contained within this site constitutes acceptance of

Contact It is important that all local codes and standards are adhered to. Please consult a
Advertise on Archtoolbox buildings, conditions, codes, and/or regulations.
Terms and Privacy Info