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GSM BSS

GBSS15.0

Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature


Parameter Description

Issue 02
Date 2013-11-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
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The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
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Email: support@huawei.com

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GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description Contents

Contents

1 About This Document..................................................................................................................1


1.1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................................1
1.2 Intended Audience..........................................................................................................................................................1
1.3 Change History...............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Overview.........................................................................................................................................3
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................................................3
2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature............................................................................................................................................4

3 Technical Description...................................................................................................................5
3.1 Antenna Hopping Selection Algorithm..........................................................................................................................5
3.2 Relationship Between Antenna Frequency Hopping and Frequency Hopping..............................................................6

4 Related Features.............................................................................................................................7
5 Engineering Guidelines...............................................................................................................8
5.1 Deploying Antenna Frequency Hopping........................................................................................................................8
5.1.1 Deployment Requirements..........................................................................................................................................8
5.1.2 Activation....................................................................................................................................................................9
5.1.3 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................11
5.1.4 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................11

6 Parameters.....................................................................................................................................12
7 Counters........................................................................................................................................16
8 Glossary.........................................................................................................................................17
9 Reference Documents.................................................................................................................18

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

1 About This Document

1.1 Scope
This document describes the GBFD-113703 Antenna Frequency Hopping feature, including its
technical principles, related features, and engineering guidelines.

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for personnel who:

l Need to understand the features described herein


l Work with Huawei products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are
two types of changes, which are defined as follows:

l Feature change
Changes in features of a specific product version
l Editorial change
Changes in wording or addition of information that was not described in the earlier version

02 (2013-11-15)
This issue includes the following changes.

Change Type Change Description Parameter


Change

Feature change None None

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Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

Change Type Change Description Parameter


Change

Editorial change Modified descriptions in 5.1.2 Activation and None


5.1.4 Deactivation.

01 (2013-05-06)
This issue does not include any changes.

Draft A (2013-02-27)
Compared with Issue 01 (2012-04-28) of GBSS14.0, Draft A (2013-02-27) of GBSS15.0
includes the following changes.

Change Type Change Description Parameter


Change

Feature change Added 2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature. None

Editorial change Added the following contents: None


l 4 Related Features
l 5 Engineering Guidelines

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GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

2 Overview

2.1 Introduction
During a CS call or a PS data session, a single burst transmitted over the Um interface may be
lost due to interference or multipath fading. Therefore, GSM products incorporate proper coding
and interleaving schemes to minimize the impact of interference or multipath fading. If a speech
frame is divided into multiple bursts for transmission, the loss of a single burst has minimal
impact on speech quality. The Antenna Frequency Hopping feature provides transmit diversity.
With this feature deployed, the bursts of a speech frame are transmitted on different paths. This
reduces the possibility that all bursts of a speech frame are lost and ensures the speech quality.

When traffic channels do not participate in frequency hopping or only a small number of
frequencies participate in frequency hopping, this feature brings substantial diversity gains
without adding TRXs.

In the case of slow-moving MSs with low coding rates, this feature brings substantial diversity
gains. In the case of fast-moving MSs with low coding rates (for example, the MSs are moving
along high-speed railways in the coverage area), this feature brings few diversity gains. In the
case of high coding rates or no coding, this feature brings negative diversity gains.

The Antenna Frequency Hopping feature provides transmit diversity on the downlink. As shown
in Figure 2-1, subscriber data is coded and interleaved to obtain the transmit signal S. S is divided
into S1 and S2, which are then transmitted through different antennas. This reduces the
probability that all the data of a subscriber is lost and improves the anti-attenuation capability
of the receiver and the speech quality of the slow-moving MS. The downlink coverage area is
also enlarged. Downlink transmit diversity is used to overcome fast fading. Therefore, this
feature is mainly applied in scenarios where multipath fading exists, for example, in suburban
areas requiring wide coverage.

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

Figure 2-1 Schematic drawing of antenna frequency hopping

With the Antenna Frequency Hopping feature, the system selects certain TRXs in the serving
cell according to the antenna hopping selection algorithm to transmit the downlink data of a
subscriber. Therefore, the data of the subscriber is transmitted through different antennas
connected to these TRXs. All the TRXs used to transmit the data of the same subscriber form a
TRX group. Each TRX in the TRX group has the same transmit power, for example, when all
the TRXs serve the underlaid or overlaid subcell of a concentric cell. The antennas that are
connected to the TRXs in one TRX group form an antenna hopping set. Each antenna hopping
set must have at least two antennas.

2.2 NEs Supporting the Feature


Table 2-1 NEs supporting the feature

Feature BSC6900 BSC6910 GBTS eGBTS

Antenna Frequency √ √ √ ×
Hopping

NOTE

√ indicates that the NE supports this feature. × indicates that the NE does not support this feature.

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GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 3 Technical Description

3 Technical Description

3.1 Antenna Hopping Selection Algorithm


The HPANTMODE(BSC6900,BSC6910) parameter must be set to YES_HPANT(Yes) before
the Antenna Frequency Hopping feature is enabled. In addition, the TRX group and TRXHSN
must be specified. If radio frequency hopping or no frequency hopping is enabled in the serving
cell, the TRX group can contain any TRX in the cell. If baseband frequency hopping is enabled
in the serving cell, the TRXs in the TRX group must be the same as those participating in
baseband frequency hopping. After the TRX group is configured, each TRX in the TRX group
is allocated a TRXIO.

The antenna hopping selection algorithm is expressed as follows: TRXI = (S + TRXIO) mod N

Here,

TRXI indicates the index of a TRX in a TRX group. Its value ranges from 0 to N-1.

TRXIO indicates the initial offset of a TRX in a TRX group. Its value ranges from 0 to N-1.

N indicates the number of TRXs in a TRX group.

FN indicates the number of a TDMA frame and it is broadcast on the SCH. The MS synchronizes
with the BTS by adjusting the FN (ranging from 0 to 2715647).

TRXHSN indicates the hopping sequence number (ranging from 0 to 63) of a TRX group.

l If TRXHSN is equal to 0, cyclic frequency hopping is applied and S is equal to FN.


l If TRXHSN is not equal to 0, S is calculated according to the frequency hopping algorithm.
For details of the frequency hopping algorithm, see 3GPP TS 45.002 "Hopping sequence
generation."

Based on the obtained TRXI, the system searches the TRX group for a TRX for subscriber data
transmission.

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 3 Technical Description

3.2 Relationship Between Antenna Frequency Hopping and


Frequency Hopping
Antenna frequency hopping can be applied in the cells of the following types: non-frequency
hopping, radio frequency hopping, and baseband frequency hopping. When traffic channels do
not participate in frequency hopping or only a small number of frequencies participate in
frequency hopping, antenna frequency hopping can bring substantial diversity gains.

If baseband frequency hopping is enabled in a cell, subscriber data is transmitted by different


TRXs except the BCCH TRX. This achieves the same effect as antenna frequency hopping. In
baseband frequency hopping, timeslot 0 of the BCCH TRX does not participate in frequency
hopping. In a GSM cell, timeslot 0 of the BCCH TRX, however, is used by an MS in idle mode
to search for the network or by an MS in dedicated mode to measure the receive level of
neighboring cells. If an MS is located in an area where it is difficult to receive messages from
the BCCH TRX or if the antenna connected to the BCCH TRX is damaged, the MS cannot
receive broadcast control messages from the BCCH TRX properly.

Similar to baseband frequency hopping, antenna frequency hopping enables the data of all the
timeslots on the BCCH TRX to be transmitted on the antennas connected to all the TRXs in the
cell in sequence. This increases the space diversity and optimizes data reception of the MS from
the BCCH TRX. Therefore, the network performance is improved.

If a cell supports both baseband frequency hopping and antenna frequency hopping, TRXs
participating in baseband frequency hopping must also participate in antenna frequency hopping.

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 4 Related Features

4 Related Features

Table 4-1 Related Features

Feature Prerequisi Mutually Exclusive Feature Impacte


te Feature d
Feature

Antenna Frequency None This feature is exclusive with the None


Hopping following features:
l GBFD-510104 Multi-site cell
l GBFD-118104 Enhanced EDGE
Coverage
l GBFD-118102 Dynamic PBT (Power
Boost Technology)
l GBFD-118101 Dynamic Transmit
Diversity
l GBFD-111604 Intelligent Combiner
Bypass
l GBFD-111606 Power Optimization
Based on Channel Type

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

5 Engineering Guidelines

5.1 Deploying Antenna Frequency Hopping

5.1.1 Deployment Requirements


Table 5-1 Deployment requirements

Aspect Requirement

Related features See 4 Related Features.

BSC None

BTS The following BTSs support this feature:


3900 series base stations except BTS3900B and BTS3900E
3012 series base stations
l The BTS3012 series using the QTRU do not support this feature.
l Only the 3900 series base stations using the DRFU or RRU3004
support this feature.

GSM networking None

MS None

MSC None

License The license controlling this feature has been activated. For details on how
to activate the license, see License Management Feature Parameter
Description. For details about license items, see License Control Item
Description.

Others A cell involved in antenna frequency hopping has at least two antennas.

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

5.1.2 Activation

Using MML Commands


On the BSC LMT, perform the following steps:

Step 1 Run the DEA BTS command to deactivate a BTS.

Step 2 Run the SET GCELLHOPANT command with Cell Antenna Hopping set to YES_HPANT
(Yes).

Step 3 Run the ADD GCELLHOPANTGRP command to add a cell hopping antenna group. In this
step, set Index Type and Hop TRX Group Index to appropriate values.

Step 4 Run the ACT BTS command to activate the BTS.


NOTE

When a cell is activated, you can also run the SET GCELLHOPANTQUICKSETUP command with
Index Type and Cell Antenna Hopping set to appropriate values to activate the Antenna Frequency
Hopping feature quickly.

----End

MML Command Examples


DEA BTS: IDTYPE=BYID, BTSID=0;

SET GCELLHOPANT: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, HPANTMODE=YES_HPANT;

ADD GCELLHOPANTGRP: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, HOPTRXINDEX=0, TRXID1=1,


TRXID2=2;

ACT BTS: IDTYPE=BYID, BTSID=0;

Using the CME


Step 1 Deactivate a cell.
NOTE

l When configuring the Frequency Hopping feature on the CME, you must perform a single configuration
first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
l You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter.
You are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

1. Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 5-2. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see
CME Single Configuration Operation Guide.
2. (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)

To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the icon
on the CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method
of performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1
on the wizard interface to obtain online help.

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

Table 5-2 Configuring parameters on the CME

SN Managed NE Parameter Parameter Configura


Object Name ID ble in
(MO) CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

1 GCELL BSC6900/ Index Type IDTYPE Yes


BSC6910
Cell Index CELLID

Step 2 Configure a hopping antenna.

Operation Configurable in CME Batch


Modification Center

In the BTS topology view, right-click a cell and choose No


Configure Hopping Antenna Group from the shortcut
menu.

Step 3 Activate the cell.


NOTE

l When configuring the Frequency Hopping feature on the CME, you must perform a single configuration
first, and then perform batch modifications if required.
l You must perform a single configuration for a parameter before batch modifications of the parameter.
You are advised to perform batch modifications before logging out of the parameter setting interface.

1. Configure a single object on the CME. (CME single configuration)


Set parameters on the CME configuration interface according to the operation sequence
described in Table 5-3. For the method of performing the CME single configuration, see
CME Single Configuration Operation Guide.
2. (Optional) Modify objects in batches on the CME. (CME batch modification center)

To modify objects, such as BSCs, BTSs, cells, and TRXs, in batches, click the icon
on the CME configuration interface to start the batch modification wizard. For the method
of performing batch modifications through the CME batch modification center, press F1
on the wizard interface to obtain online help.

----End

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 5 Engineering Guidelines

Table 5-3 Configuring parameters on the CME

SN MO NE Parameter Parameter Configura


Name ID ble in CME
Batch
Modificati
on Center

1 GCELL BSC6900/ Index Type IDTYPE Yes


BSC6910
Cell Index CELLID

5.1.3 Activation Observation


Run the LST GCELLHOPANT command to query the value of Cell Antenna Hopping.

Expected result: The value of Cell Antenna Hopping is YES_HPANT(Yes).

5.1.4 Deactivation

Using MML Commands


Run the SET GCELLHOPANT command with Cell Antenna Hopping set to NO_HPANT
(No).

NOTE

When a cell is activated, you can also run the SET GCELLHOPANTQUICKSETUP command with
Cell Antenna Hopping set to NO_HPANT(No) to deactivate the Antenna Frequency Hopping feature.

MML Command Examples


SET GCELLHOPANT: IDTYPE=BYID, CELLID=0, HPANTMODE=NO_HPANT;

Using the CME


Operation Configurable in CME Batch
Modification Center

In the BTS topology view, right-click a cell and choose No


Configure Hopping Antenna Group from the shortcut
menu.

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

6 Parameters

Table 6-1 GSM: Parameter description

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

HPANTMODE BSC6900 SET GBFD-113703 Antenna Meaning:Wheth


GCELLHOPA Frequency er to enable the
NT Hopping TRX to support
SET antenna hopping
GCELLHOPA In a GSM cell,
NTQUICKSE the BCCH
TUP broadcasts the
frequency,
frame number,
system
information, and
paging group. If
an MS is in an
unfavorable
position or the
antenna of the
main TRX that
carries the
BCCH fails, the
MS receives
poor broadcast
control signals
or even cannot
receive any
broadcast
control message
from the BCCH.
To avoid such a
problem, the
antenna hopping
function is

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GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

involved. With
this function, the
messages
transmitted in
the main TRX
that carries the
BCCH are also
transmitted on
the antennas of
all the other
TRXs in the cell
in turn. This
helps the MSs
receive quality
broadcast
control data.
This function
can be
configured only
for dual-
frequency BTSs.
If this parameter
is set to NONE,
the BTS does not
support antenna
hopping.
GUI Value
Range:NO_HP
ANT(No),
YES_HPANT
(Yes), NONE
(None)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO_HP
ANT,
YES_HPANT,
NONE
Default
Value:NONE
(None)

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GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

HPANTMODE BSC6910 SET GBFD-113703 Antenna Meaning:Wheth


GCELLHOPA Frequency er to enable the
NT Hopping TRX to support
SET antenna hopping
GCELLHOPA In a GSM cell,
NTQUICKSE the BCCH
TUP broadcasts the
frequency,
frame number,
system
information, and
paging group. If
an MS is in an
unfavorable
position or the
antenna of the
main TRX that
carries the
BCCH fails, the
MS receives
poor broadcast
control signals
or even cannot
receive any
broadcast
control message
from the BCCH.
To avoid such a
problem, the
antenna hopping
function is
involved. With
this function, the
messages
transmitted in
the main TRX
that carries the
BCCH are also
transmitted on
the antennas of
all the other
TRXs in the cell
in turn. This
helps the MSs
receive quality
broadcast
control data.
This function

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GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 6 Parameters

Parameter ID NE MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

can be
configured only
for dual-
frequency BTSs.
If this parameter
is set to NONE,
the BTS does not
support antenna
hopping.
GUI Value
Range:NO_HP
ANT(No),
YES_HPANT
(Yes), NONE
(None)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NO_HP
ANT,
YES_HPANT,
NONE
Default
Value:NONE
(None)

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GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 7 Counters

7 Counters

GSM:There are no specific counters associated with this feature.

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Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 8 Glossary

8 Glossary

For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see Glossary.

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GSM BSS
Antenna Frequency Hopping Feature Parameter Description 9 Reference Documents

9 Reference Documents

1. 3GPP TS 45.002 "Hopping sequence generation"

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