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Unit Components
Student Book

Grammar Station Practice
This section introduces the main Various exercises allow students to
grammar points in the units. It provides reinforce and gradually expand their
clear explanations and charts showing understanding of the grammar rules
grammatical forms, meanings, and that they have learned. This section
usages. There are also corresponding involves correction exercises that train
pictures and simple examples to help students to recognize and correct
students easily understand the basic grammar errors in sentences.
grammar structures and rules that are
presented. Simple check-up exercises
are provided at the bottom of the Grammar in Writing
page. They are helpful in checking This section provides a variety of writing
students’ initial understanding of the types such as letters, diaries, book
key grammar points. reports, advertisements, news reports,
instructions, etc. This allows students to
apply their knowledge of the grammar
Check Up rules in a meaningful context.
Guided exercises and drills are
presented to help students practice
the basic grammar structures. Students Review
get a chance to learn how to properly
At the end of each unit, students
apply the grammar rules through these
have the opportunity to review and
exercies.
internalize what they have learned.

Supplementary Material

Review Test Appendix: Grammar Station
After every four units, students will take a review Grammar charts from each unit’s Grammar Station are
test. These tests aim to access and evaluate students’ included in the back of the book. They allow students
understanding of the grammar points that they have to easily access the book’s main grammar points.
learned.

Contents
Nouns & Articles Present Simple
01 Harry is my dog. Nouns 6 13 He eats bread every day. Present Simple: Subject-Verb Agreement 54

02 This is a dress. Articles 10 14 She brushes her teeth. Present Simple: Positive 58

03 He has three watches. Plural Nouns 14 15 We don’t play soccer. Present Simple: Negative 62

04 He wants some water. Count & Noncount Nouns 18 16 Do you like carrots? Present Simple: Yes/No Questions 66

The Verb Be Modal Verbs & Imperatives
05 He is Bob. Subject Pronouns & The Verb Be 22 17 What does he like? Present Simple: Wh-questions 70

06 I'm not a teacher. The Verb Be: Negative & Yes/No Questions 26 18 He can play the piano. Modal Verb: Can (Ability) 74

07 Who is she? The Verb Be: Wh-questions 30 19 May I sit here? Modal Verbs: Can / May (Permission) 78

08 There is a table. There + The Verb Be 34 20 Clean your room. Imperatives 82

Pronouns & Adjectives Supplementary Material
09 This is a bat. Demonstrative Pronouns 38 • Review Tests 1 - 5 88 - 97
• Appendix: Grammer Station 98 - 102
10 These are my sneakers. Possessive Adjectives 42 • Scope & Sequence 103

11 My bag is green. Adjectives 46

12 They are on the sofa. Prepositions of Place 50

01 Harry is my dog.
Grammar Station
A Match the pictures with the correct nouns and categories.
1. 2. 3. 4.

Nouns
Nouns are divided into common nouns and proper nouns.
Common nouns are words for people, animals, places, or things. • • • •
‌Proper nouns are the names of particular people, animals, places, or things.
They begin with a capital letter. • • • •
hamster museum balloon magician
People Animals Places Things • • • •
boy girl dog kitten school library desk flower • • • •
teacher student rabbit elephant park house movie soccer people animals places things
Common
brother sister tiger cheetah bank airport milk rain
singer friend zebra snake city country month holiday
B Choose and write the nouns.
Proper Chris Jessica Harry Kiki Paris France May Christmas
king China sheep bike
bottle mother Chicago wallet
zebra police officer library giraffe
My teacher is
Harry is my dog.
Mr. Smith.
1. People king

2. Animals

May is my favorite
This city is London.
month. 3. Places

4. Things

C Circle the correct words.
Circle the nouns.
1. bag, a, city 2. rabbit, Snoopy, is 1. This is a ( bag / Bag ). 2. I have a ( monkey / Monkey ).

3. the, month, girl 4. London, holiday, my 3. My name is ( tom / Tom ). 4. Today is ( Sunday / sunday ).

5. snake, an, Chris 6. are, school, teacher 5. I’m from ( america / America ). 6. James is a ( Student / student ).

7. sister, run, Paris 8. cute, monkey, June 7. The kitten is ( Mimi / mimi ). 8. My father is a ( farmer / Farmer ).

6 Unit 1 7

ail, you can
When you write an em
Grammar in Writing use common and pro
pe r nouns to
give information.
A Underline the nouns and write them in the correct boxes.
1. Jack is a driver.
Choose and complete the email.
Common Noun Proper Noun
2. Today is Wednesday. driver Jack
3. This train goes to London. Dear Ken,

4. Ken is my new classmate. I’m Amy’s friend. My name is Jane .

I am an elementary school student .
5. Jasmine has a hamster.
My father is a cook . My mother is an .
6. Madrid is a beautiful city.
I have one brother . His name is .

I have a monkey . His name is .
B Choose and complete the sentences. Paris
We live in . It is a beautiful .
1 2 3 4
I hope we can be friends!

Jane

1. Susan lives in New York .
( the city )

Snoopy Spider - Man monkey brother cook Sam city
2. I play with .
( the puppy ) Snoopy Paris actress Tom student Jane
3. is my teacher. New York
( The man )
Mr. Smith
4. We watch .
( the movie )

• Complete the chart.
C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.
People Animals Places Things
1. Brian loves france. Brian loves France.
Common Proper Common Proper Common Proper Common Proper
2. My mother is a Teacher. boy Chris Snoopy New York March

3. My birthday is in march. Susan kitten country holiday

4. His name is gary.
Kiki Christmas dog month France Chris city girl
5. The man has a big Dog.

8 Unit 1 9

an. 5. 2. 3. 7. ( a / an ) eraser ( A / The ) moon is yellow. a candle Article Article + Noun a consonant sounds a bike a dress a park a test a coat vowel sounds an (a. My aunt is an artist. The sun is bright. 1. ( a / an ) octopus 3 4 3. There is iguana. ( a / an ) desk 8. ( A / The ) snake is long. I see a boy. ( A / The ) man is tall.02 This is a dress. 1 2 1. The boy is handsome. 6. and the are articles. She has coat. Tom has backpack. ( a / an ) artist ( An / The ) owl is cute. o. ( a / an ) girl 4. He is engineer. We use the before a specific thing or only one of something. ( An / The ) sky is dark. candle igloo bookshelf eraser scientist roof ant party umbrella office Articles The words a. This is a dress. I have a bike. 7. 5. We put them before nouns. ( a / an ) pencil 2. Grammar Station A Choose and write a or an before each noun. 8. ( a / an ) iguana 6. He has ( a / an ) owl. a an We use a or an before singular nouns. 10 Unit 2 11 . 1. I see elephant. e. C Circle the correct words. 2. Circle a or an for each noun. ( a / an ) park 4. u) an artist an elephant an island an octopus an umbrella specific thing I see a boy. You wear dress. I see ( a / an ) man. There is ( a / an ) snake. 3. 4. This is onion. The boy is handsome. i. the only one of something the sun the moon the sky B Complete the sentences with a or an.

The girl has a doll . the cheer for clown. or the. My uncle has an garden. 6. a There is monkey. • Complete the chart. A Choose and complete the sentences. 1. An sun is hot. I have bike. 4. i. People cheer for animals. uncle 3. camera is very nice. ry. The coat is pretty. specific thing He has a camera. and an elephant. We are at the circus! 1. bear. I have a idea. artist eagle island owl vowel sounds (a. Mr. My sister has iguana. sky is blue. only one of sun moon sky something 5. consonant sounds a truck coat bookshelf test C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. . . or the. There is elephant. Jack has an aunt. and . an. doll eraser ruler orange umbrella robot kite jacket The circus is in town. It is big and old. There is a eagle. o. e. 5. Brown has truck. and sun is bright. elephant stands on a big ball. too. People 2. 1. B Complete the sentences with a. The boy has . The monkey juggles balls. elephant is very huge. bear rides a bike. you need When you write a sto Grammar in Writing to use the right article s before nouns. iguana is cute. 3. 2. truck is old. too. an. There is a clown. clown has an umbrella. . Complete the story with a. u) 2. Jack has a aunt. . bike is red. Susan has a coat. 12 Unit 2 13 . and . 4.

1. He has three watches. four leafs 4. -fe f + -ves knife knives one eraser two erasers one dish three There are two birds. -sh. 7. 2. There are three ( boxs / boxes ). two dishs 8. two buss 3. 3. Grammar Station A Choose and write the plural nouns in the correct boxes.03 He has three watches. I have two ( wallets / walletes ). trees Singular Plural most nouns + -s ball balls bench benches dish dishes -ch. We usually add -s or -es to make plural nouns. She wants four cherries. They see leaves. one scarf four one butterfly five He wants a cherry. 4. -s -es -ies -ves We use plural nouns when we talk about two or more people or things. baby babies consonant + -y y + -ies cherry cherries leaf leaves -f. -o + -es bus buses fox foxes B Write the correct plural nouns. glass tree wolf story bench cherry balloon leaf Plural Nouns We use singular nouns when we talk about one person or thing. 5. She has a watch. Matthew wants three ( sandwiches / sandwichs ). four babys 14 Unit 3 15 . 3. -s. tomato tomatoes 1. 1. three friends 2. -x. 2. My aunt has two ( babys / babies ). six tomatoes 6. Check the correct plural nouns. four students 4. three knives 5. Hillary needs seven ( potatoes / potatos ). C Circle the correct words.

*No discounts! No refunds! See you there! 2. 1. $ 10 $5 0 $2 B Change and complete the sentences using plural nouns. -ch. The student needs a bench. six . consonant + -y baby shelf 4.m. Tony has seven peachs. two . three . four . • Complete the chart. Chris wants five shelvs. The lady wants a strawberry. and two watches 5. $ 15 0 $3 $ 12 3.m. The girl has a puppy. Complete the advertisement using plural nouns. When you write an ad Grammar in Writing you can describe thi ngs for sale using plural noun s. Rule Singular Plural 5. brush knife dress watch box Garage Sale I am at a shop. potato 3. My uncle has two buss. watches -Things to sell: -Time: 9 a. -o glass 1. 2. -s. The rabbits meet three lambs . -sh. The students need four benches . five . 4. The girls have two puppies . 4. The rabbit meets a lamb. The baby sees an elf. The babies see seven elves . We’re having a garage sale! Don’t miss this chance to buy great things! I see many things there: -When: Saturday. – 3 p. 1. 3. A Choose and complete the sentence. most nouns friend friends bench brush C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. -f. October 4 -Where: 3404 Jewel Ave. The ladies want five strawberries. -fe knife 5. box 2. Tony has seven peaches. -x. I need four hamburgeres. vertisement. 16 Unit 3 17 . There are ten citis.

Draw a around the count nouns and a around the noncount nouns. 7. 4. 1. or X. eraser 4. firefighter 3. 18 Unit 4 19 . artist bread tea box 5. 2. ( a / an / two ) cooks She eats two apples. oil Count & Noncount Nouns Count nouns are nouns that we can count. ( a / some / three ) bread an onion some onions a soup some soups 3 4 3. ( a / an / some ) honey a leaf some leaves a tea some teas an orange some oranges a juice some juices 2. ( a / an / two ) sandwiches 6. We can use some with both plural count nouns and noncount nouns. 1. shampoo Noncount nouns are nouns that we can’t count. post office 8. milk orange money juice 4. I have ( a soup / some soup ). Julie sees ( an eagle / some eagle ). Ken needs ( three moneys / some money ). ( a / some / two ) cheese He wants some water. Grammar Station A Write a. X milk 2. He eats some grapes. soup water brother 3. 5 6 5. butter shirt cheese 6. C Circle the correct words. We want ( two butters / some butter ). She wants some bread. a dollar four dollars a money four moneys a sandwich some sandwiches a bread some breads 1 2 1. My mom wants ( an oil / some oil ). 5. flour 6. ( a / an / some ) toothpaste I eat an orange. They only have singular forms.04 He wants some water. They have singular and plural forms. egg Count Noncount a song three songs a music three musics B Circle the correct words. an. There are ( two buildings / some building ).

Larry has some moneys. There is some sand. oil basket 1. Emily needs X yogurt. 4. 6. an. some . Count Noncount pilot sugar C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. Choose and complete the story. 6. My mom is in a grocery store. meat coffee eagle honey 4. 2. and some . Gretel has 4. 2. My dad wants tea. count or noncount no A Choose and complete the sentence. some . some onions . Wendy needs some spoon. butter rice cheese onion meat egg Hansel and Gretel are in the woods. Brenda listens to musics. He sees bug. chair picture 3. 5. 5. • Complete the chart. Scott drinks water. 3. some . s in a story. some . milk banana sandwich pear 1. some . pilot bug yogurt rice onion 2. 7. and some . There is some sands. 3. 8. When you use noun Grammar in Writing check first whether the y are un s. I need some orange. Jerry eats orange. She needs: Hansel finds a house. The house is full of food. Holly has sugar. 20 Unit 4 21 . cheese ham juice bread B Complete the sentences with a. They are hungry and thirsty. money brother 5. some . three and some . 1. or X. There is vet. two bananas . Hansel has some cheese . Now they are full and happy. two pears . Alice needs chair.

You are = You’re You = You’re People He = He’s are 2. We angry. It is 4. (Mary) She is a singer. I am = I’m We = We’re are 1 2 1. 7. They’re kind. 3. They are 2. (Amy and you) are kind. You 3. C Write the short forms. They my teachers. I am 6. (The pot) is heavy. (My sisters) are pretty. Subject Pronouns & The Verb Be Subject pronouns replace subject nouns. We hungry. He’s my friend. Grammar Station A Write the correct subject pronouns. he. He is Match the subject pronouns with their forms of the verb be. 2. 6. 6. are. The verb be (am. It 5. They’re 1. She is 5. 3. We use I. a good person. 8. Mrs. 4. (Ken and Bill) are actors. He fat. Hunter an actress. 1. 5 6 5. 4. 5. I is 6. (You and I) are very rich. busy. You very smart. We are friends. my friends. 22 Unit 5 23 . is) changes its form according to the subject. We are very cute. (Ben) is a smart boy. He is Bob. Singular Plural Subject Subject Pronoun Be Short Form Pronoun Be Short Form B Complete the sentences using the verb be. They am 2. we. you. and they for people.05 He is Bob. I am Kelly. They are my parents. and it and they for animals or things. (The giraffes) are tall. They She is = She’s = They’re Animals/Things It = It’s They 3 4 3. I’m a student. beautiful. We’re hardworking. He / She are 4. 1. I sleepy. she.

Jim and Fred are my uncles. 3. = They’re musicians. ok report. David is brave. 1. B Complete the sentences. 5. is handsome. 4. She They 3. Paul and I classmates. 4 5 6 Story Dorothy and Toto lost in the Land of Oz. They is happy. = classmates. 2. Characters Dorothy is a girl. My name is Matthew. They are happy. He 2. Toto her dog. = delicious. 1. Harry and Bill musicians. 5. My dad are scared. Jodie and I are friends. are students. They help Dorothy go back home. We’s busy. She is very tall. Complete the book report using the verb be. Setting They in the Land of Oz. It 4. Singular Plural I am I’m We C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.  Mrs. = She’s old. A Write the correct subject pronouns. are dentists. am 11 years old. Houston old. Helen and Jack is cooks. • Complete the chart. Sandy is my cousin. Her red shoes magical. The Tin Man. Title The Wizard of Oz 4. The cookies delicious. characters. = He’s brave. the Lion and the Scarecrow her friends. 24 Unit 5 25 . setting. = pretty. 3. You You 1. The Tin Man unhappy. Your shirt pretty. The Lion shy. 2. you Grammar in Writing When you write a bo can use the verb be to describe the an d story. 1 2 3 The Scarecrow foolish. 6. Dennis is an actor. They very kind.

. They are my brothers. it is. . B Yes. It’s a kitten. B No. He is handsome. Jack? I’m not a teacher. They my friends. American? We = We aren’t Are we . 1. they are . he isn’t. She is not = She isn’t Is she . Are you diligent? It = It isn’t Is it . No. I am Canadian. 2. Grammar Station A Complete the negative sentences. 2.. B No. He is lazy. 2..Yes. 3. I am. you aren’t. you are. he isn’t. ? Yes. he . You are smart. We put the verb be before the subject to make yes/no questions. You are diligent. ? Yes. they aren’t. We are police officers. It a chicken. . 4. We put not after the verb be to make negative sentences. I am not = I’m not Am I . C Complete the answers. a dragonfly? 5. They are cooks. 26 Unit 6 27 . We are not hungry.. 4. She is American.. 6. 4. 3. 4. You are not = You aren’t Are you . A A Is it a hamster? 5. They are not angry. it . No. 3. No. It is a duck. It are not scary. happy? I am a student. 1.. he is. she is. ? Yes.06 I’m not a teacher. No. cooks? You are not = You aren’t Are you . ? Yes. ? Yes. They = They aren’t Are they . Subject Be + Not Short Form Question Answer 6. 2. she isn’t. You are not short. I am not French. ? Yes.. we aren’t. we are. A A Is he your father? 1. I’m not.. He’s my uncle. He = He isn’t Is he . No. You stupid.. He is Jack.. The Verb Be: Negative & Yes/No Questions 3. .. Is he hardworking? 1. She am not here.. she is They aren’t ugly.. I am. Are you a firefighter? 6..‌No. you aren’t. A Is she your mother? They are pretty.. it isn’t. I is not tired. We are happy. they are. ? Yes. ? Yes. He ugly. No. B Change the sentences into questions. No. No. Negative Yes/No Question 5. A Are they your brothers? B Yes.. you are. We firefighters. It is a dragonfly. Check the correct sentences.

. They = . you aren’t. No. someone. ? We = .. Greg and I singers. a mailman. A • Complete the chart.. Negative Yes/No Question I am not = I’m not Am I . you happy? hungry old hairdressers your scarf Yes. You am not a princess. 4. about who or how he A Change and complete the sentences using the short negative forms.. It’s very smart. Ralph and Fred isn’t swimmers. I’m not. It not is your kite. you are. My parents are angry. ? 4. Complete the interview. to our show. .. You are my friend. 28 Unit 6 29 . they are. Fred. You my friend. 1. The table heavy. You have a son. I am a mailman. Grammar in Writing When you interview you can use the verb be to ask /she is.... let’s talk about your family first. No. . B Yes. A B No. ? 3. 2. B No. ? 1. I am not Jasmine. he nine years old? 5. B Yes. these your daughters? B Write the questions... She = . A Are you hungry? 2.. You = . They are really lovely. Let’s welcome Fred.. I are not Jasmine.. Is your wife an actress? 3. what is this? it your kitten? Yes. The table is heavy. it isn’t.. .. ? Yes. He is eight years old. ? C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.. It = . 3. Yes. He = . Greg and I are singers. ! 1. ? 5. She is a lawyer.. 1 2 3 4 Oh. she is. Karen aren’t my cousin. You = . No. an actor. My parents aren’t angry. ? 2. A 4.

We use who to ask for information about people. 2. Things What are they? They are giraffes. . 30 Unit 7 31 . C Complete the questions. 2. 1. 3. 3. 4. I’m a student. 6. What is it? • • They are Tracy’s sisters. A Who is he? She is my teacher.‌She is Mrs. 6. Who is that man? • • They are zebras. B He is Jerry. . Who is she? What are they? . What 4. A they? B They are blueberries. The Verb Be: Wh-questions 3. 2. Who is she? • • It is a bike.‌They are pears. 1. . 1. 3. Who are those girls? • • It is a post office. Question Answer am I? You are the king. are they? They are Tony and Beth. 4. 1. We use what to ask for information about animals or things. He is a mail carrier. A ( Who / What ) is that small animal? B It is a spider. 4. Wood.07 Who is she? Grammar Station A Circle the correct words.‌I’m Kelly. Animals/ is it? It is a basket. A ( Who / What ) are they? B They are my cousins. 5. I am your new teacher. A the boxes? Who B They are presents. What are they? • • She is Holly. A ( Who / What ) is the old woman? B She is my grandmother. People Who is he? He is my uncle. Who are you? What is it? 5. The question words who or what come before the verb be. What is that building? • • He is the chef. White. A ( Who / What ) are you? B I’m Andy’s brother.‌It is a pumpkin. 5. are you? I am Alice. 2. A you? B I’m Mr. A ( Who / What ) are they? B They are lizards. B Match the questions with the correct answers. Match the pictures with the correct question words.

logue. A What is it? B ( a swimmer / my phone ). Animals/ 4. A Who is he? B He is Dan. you? your teacher. Abracadabra Abracadabra! B Write the questions using who or what. What are they? – It is my puppies. 32 Unit 7 33 . Who are you? a box. the men? Tom and Brad. A What are they? B ( my kite / skunks ). What am she? Things they? chairs. Complete the dialogue in the comic strip. 2. A Who are they? B They are ( Jill and Bob / my gloves ). 4. Who is the boys? it? a skunk. A Wow. they B It’s a robot. C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. What are they? a magician. I am Abracadabra! Look at this. 2. A • Complete the chart. 1. 4. He is my uncle. A Who is that lady? B ( tomato pasta / my aunt ). A Who is that boy? B ( my cousin Sam / Tom’s house ). are doves. 2. What is it? 3. B ‌They are Fred and Jessica. Question Answer am I? You are the chef. What is that woman? Who is that woman? People the girl? my cousin Jane. an old man. 5. A Who are they? B ( my parents / sandwiches ). you When you write a dia Grammar in Writing can use question wo rds to ask for on . 3. They are twins. 1. They’re my classmates. I like it. !Who is he? What are they? 1 2 1. 6. 5. What is it? – They is a catalog. specific informati A Circle the correct words and complete the answers. A 3 4 B They are flags. 3.

There two tomatoes. is is C Circle the correct words. 4. 2. There a hospital. 5. There is ( a farm / two farms ). Circle the correct words. There is ( a tent / some tents ). two clowns. Singular an umbrella. is is 5. Noncount some milk. There four cucumbers. 2. 6. There is ( two swings / a swing ). 2. There are some dishes. 6. 1. 6. B Complete the sentences with is or are. There are two clowns. 1. There are Plural three rabbits. There a peach. 4. There two children. 7. There is ( some money / a money ). There are ( some trees / a tree ). There is a table. is is 3. There are ( a cow / some cows ). are are 34 Unit 8 35 . 4. a room There Be Noun a chair. There some ham. There is some bread. There are ( a river / two rivers ). There some flowers. There a big house. 3.08 There is a table. 3. some dishes. There are ( some bowls / a bowl ). There is There are We use there are for plural nouns. There many stars. There some rice. There is some juice. There is some bread. a room some butter three buses two babies some dolphins some water There + The Verb Be We use there is for singular nouns and noncount nouns. There two melons. are are 1. seven butterflies. are are 5. 8. Grammar Station A Choose and write the words in the correct boxes.

4 monkey some milk some soda on the table. four men. There is a garden. 1 vase sofa a white rose. ry. two lambs. 2 This is the living room. There is some jam. a bowl. 4. a child. She drinks the soda. that something exi sts A Complete the sentences with there is or there are. 5. There is three airplanes. 3. some soup. Alice sees a strange rabbit. There is a fat queen. 2. 4. There are some jam. some oil. 2. 1. There is a swing. Alice runs away. B Write the sentences using there is and there are. There Be Noun There Be Noun 2. 1. 3. There are a station. 4. Look! The soldiers chase her. three dolphins. 3. There are a queen. some rice. Complete the story with there is or there are. many strange things in the garden. 5. She follows the rabbit. • Complete the chart. There are three monkeys. some soldiers. you can When you write a sto Grammar in Writing use there is or there are to say . 36 Unit 8 37 . There are some flour. some cookies. 3 1. There are some shoes. C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. nine airplanes. some honey.

scissors. This is Fred’s bike. and these and those are for plural nouns. ( This / That ) is my chair. This isn’t a stick. These aren’t peaches. That is spinach. ( This / That ) is my bed. 2. Those aren’t peaches. We use that and those to talk about people or things that are far from us. Negative 1 2 That isn’t a vase. these 3. Those are These is 6. 4. they aren’t. Positive That is a jar. Is this 〔that〕 a bowl? Are these 〔those〕 gloves? Those are Question .09 This is a bat. Is that spinach? that 2. it is. they are. ( This / That ) is my dresser. B Circle the correct words. / No. Those are Kate’s kittens. a frog. These aren’t mittens. socks. This isn’t a stick. ( This / That ) is my computer. 3. Grammar Station A Circle the correct words. new pants? 3. this 1. a bucket. . That isn’t a soccer ball. they aren’t. That are 3 4 These is This is a bat. 5. Those are Match the pictures with the correct words. melons. These are gloves. 1. Those are This is 4. Those are pears. Fred’s bike? 38 Unit 9 39 . These is 1. That is a baseball. 4.‌No. 2. Demonstrative Pronouns We use this and these to talk about people or things that are near us. These are new pants.Yes.Yes. ( This / That ) is my desk. 1. it isn’t. / No. 3. Kate’s kittens? those 4. This and that are for singular nouns. They are mittens. a bottle. 5. . Singular Plural This is a bat. These are Are those gloves? 5 6 That is These are pears. This is 2. C Change the sentences into questions.

nstrative When you use demo Grammar in Writing pronoun s in wr itin g. a hamster. my robot dog. These are my vases. 4. it is . it isn’t . • Complete the chart. a telescope. It is very cute and smart! a microwave. These aren’t pears. it should be to. clear what they refer A Complete the sentences. A a hippo? Singular Plural B No. Positive Those are zebras. Negative These are my sunglasses. 1. Welcome to my spacecraft! Come on in and look around. Are this your truck? 40 Unit 9 41 . 2 2. / No. A Is this an orange? a sink. A melons? Oh. 1 1. windows. 4. a mouse. aren’t onions. Is this your backpack? 2. This is a notebook. a toilet. −Yes. 3. bees. . – Question 3. These is my sunglasses. 1 2 3 4 Complete the narration using demonstrative pronouns. I have to use the toilet. B Complete the dialogues. mushrooms. 1. . Are this the post office? Are those your coats? – −Yes. / No. telephones. 2. B Yes . they are. ants. they aren’t. That isn’t a car. This is my vase. These are computers. C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. A monkeys? B Yes. Bye! B No. That are her umbrellas. . This isn’t a book. it is.

or their. It is ( she / her ) house. Match the subject pronouns with the correct possessive adjectives. she skirts are yellow. you 3. sweater is green. 1. These are my comic books. he his hair they their children she her shoes David David’s car B Circle the correct words. my your our bow tie is red. 2. 7. They have two daughters. Subject Possessive Adjective Subject Possessive Adjective 5. her. I have sneakers. I my name it its tail you your book we our house 6. She has a kitten. 6. its their her his 3.10 These are my sneakers. We add ’s to someone’s name to show that he or she owns something. Those are ( his / he ) glasses. Is this ( Jeff’s / Jeff ) ruler? 8. Possessive Adjectives We use possessive adjectives before nouns to show who owns something. I 2. 4. This is ( our / our’s ) farm. • • • • hair is blond. His hair is brown. These are his new shoes. 2. 4. 5. We love our puppy. 2. He is ( my / I ) grandfather. 3. We have a puppy. • • • ears are big. David’s car is great. I have some comic books. Its feathers are beautiful. Their daughters are pretty. 5. I like their computer. Sally has a wallet. sneakers. ( It’s / Its ) legs are short. Her wallet is expensive. David has a car. very cute. They have a computer. Look at the parrot. He has new shoes. That is ( you / your ) sandwich. they 42 Unit 10 43 . we 7. its. C Complete the sentences with his. 1. he 4. Grammar Station A Circle the possessive adjectives. These are my Her kitten is 3. it 6. They love ( they / their ) school. 1. 1.

ing online. 4. brother is my classmate. dog. Ward has a baby. ( he / brother ) James Wards Wow. I Dad and Mom and Complete the sentences. Ken Williams Oh. eyes are red. We like piano. Its fur is nice. neck is long. 2. My brothers and Me and 3 4 3. I know James. ( she / car ) is old. Their turtles are cute. ( we / shoes ) their turtles owl are red. 4. B his dog cat 1 2 1. You look tired. Her baby is very cute. truck is great. Its eyes are very big and beautiful. want to see them. you hands we school 2. he mother they parents 3. 4. I like its long tail. I love your dad’s 5. Look at the giraffe. 2. Are they she brothers? 44 Unit 10 45 . These are my family’s pets. Welcome to I house. When you write someth Grammar in Writing you can show who ow ns tive things s. This is he’s pencil case. It wings are very long. 1. Is this Steve jacket? she coat Sam puppy 5. • Complete the chart. 6. owl is His brother is tall. ( they / parents ) are kind. Subject Possessive Adjective Subject Possessive Adjective C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. Julie Lowland 3. Lisa and Paul have a truck. great. My sister and I have a piano. using possessive adjec A Complete the sentences using possessive adjectives. Mrs. Brenda Miller I like your brothers’ turtles. This is his pencil case. His dog is very big. Complete the sentences on Julieˇs webpage using possessive adjectives. Amy Lorenz Your mom’s cat is beautiful. I my bike it eyes 1.

5. My coat is purple . 3. The house is big. You are beautiful. Adjective + Noun The Verb Be + Adjective Adjective Noun Subject Be Adjective 2. 6. I have a green bag. 3. Color Size & Shape Feeling Look red yellow big small happy sad pretty ugly blue green long short angry hungry beautiful cute 4. 5. Its beak . 4. It is a ( red / green ) dress. Adjectives tell us more about nouns. It has a sharp beak. We use adjectives to describe nouns. 2. Circle the adjectives. white black thin fat thirsty sleepy clean dirty pink brown round square sick tired old young We can use adjectives before nouns or after the verb be. I see ( tall / short ) buildings. long This is a snake. Her fingers . young There are boys. They are old cars. 3 4 3. big She has eyes . Adjectives 2. My bag is green. B Put the adjectives in the correct places. 6. It’s a big house. These pants are short. I have a green bag. Her ring . She is a happy girl. These are cute kittens. He has strong arms. She wears a big hat. Grammar Station A Circle the correct adjectives. There are many ( clean / dirty ) dishes. 1. The clown is happy. Its eyes . The kittens are cute. It is a ( thin / fat ) cat. There is a round table. 2. 1. 1 2 1. pink Brenda has a coat . I have a brown bag. I have a purple coat. 5. She has an expensive ring. 4. 46 Unit 11 47 . 1. It has beautiful eyes. small There is a small house. My bag is green. The cars are old. 6. The girl is happy. C Change and complete the sentences. 3. cute Look at the baby. She has long fingers. 4. His arms .11 My bag is green.

48 Unit 11 49 . The deer’s fur is brown . The sky is . • Complete the chart. B Change and complete the sentences. adjectives to describe two thi ng A Choose and complete the sentences. The dinosaur huge has a body. There is a table. It is a yellow taxi. 6. Stacy likes the socks red. The pig’s eyes are small . Your pants are pretty. and contrast When you compare Grammar in Writing in writing you can use s. There is a thirsty boy. He is a tall boy . 5. fresh long big pink thin short brown small fat 3. The pig eats all kinds of food. 5. The pig’s skin is pink . The pig has a short neck. They are . She has . The taxi . Jason and Tina angry are. The deer eats fresh grass. There is rectangular a tray. 2. Choose and complete the comparative writing. He is a tall boy . The boy is tall. The deer has a neck. Ralph has . You have . The deer has legs. The girl is . The deer’s eyes are . blue hungry big long round thirsty 1. The woman has hair. This is . 3. This book is thick. The tree is . They are square dishes. The woman . The pig has fat legs. There is a rectangular tray. 1. She is an angry woman. 3. 1. 2. 4. Ralph’s hands are big. 4. Her face is round. The dishes . 5. The children are noisy. 4. 2. Ian has old an Jeep. The boy is tall. Adjective + Noun The Verb Be + Adjective C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.

12 They are on the sofa. 3. AAWhere are the dogs?B B They are on the car. in front of B He is in the car. ( on / next to ) the table. A Where is the girl? . They are on the sofa. The newspaper is under the chair. Prepositions of Place We use prepositions of place to say where people or things are. 2. in 2. A Where is the man? 5. 4. 3. 2. in front of We / You / They behind Plural are My pencils next to My dog Gus is 1. 1.They are next to the lamp. ( under / in front of ) the man. Subject Be Preposition Noun He / She in B Circle the correct prepositions. Prepositions usually come before nouns. the table. behind B It’s in front of the house. next to 4. ( in / under ) the bone. B She is behind the tree. 50 Unit 12 51 . 3. A Where is the car?B 3 1. The shoes are under The car is in front of 5. on 4. Where is your sister? Where are my books? 1. C Complete the answers with the correct prepositions. The dresser is behind the desk. He is in the box.She is behind the door. Tom / Your sister on Singular is It 1 2 3 4 5 under The melon the box. the house. T 2. under 6. The red sweater is in the dresser. The cup is on the desk. 4. . Write the correct ball numbers. 3. Grammar Station A Write T (true) or F (false). ( on / behind ) the mail carrier. ( in / next to ) his doghouse.

The towel is the basket. the lamp. 3. The monkeys next to are the tree. next to the cookies. The rabbits 1. orange behind the pizza. The boy 4. the box. The soap is the sink. the table. The peach is the in refrigerator. Complete the note with the correct prepositions. • Complete the chart. A Where are the dogs? B the mat. The comb is the toilet. A Where is the basket? B the toilet. Subject Be Preposition Noun 5. Love. Mom 1. Dear Jenny. The toy duck is in the bathtub. A Where is the cup? B It’s on the sink. Monica is the tree behind. The towel isin front of the toilet. There is some pizza in the Picture A Picture B refrigerator. The comb is the sink. Please don’t forget to close the door! B Look at Picture A and complete the answers. You can see some cookies 2. use prepositions of pla A Look at the two pictures and complete the sentences. ere things When you explain wh Grammar in Writing or people are in a no te. The toy duck is the basket. 52 Unit 12 53 . you can ce. The monkeys are next to the tree. Oh. The oranges 2. The soap is the bathtub. There is some candy 3. Monica is behind the tree. A Where is the mat? B the floor. The baskets 5. She is in He C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. 4. The pillow is the bed under. A Where are the toothbrushes? B the cup. You can see an 1. there is also some money 4. 3. My books are the desk on. Dad and I are out today. 2.

green sit rice listen write 54 Unit 13 55 . she. They on weekends. They ( speak / speaks ) English very well. 3. 4. or it. 4. I write a letter to my friend. My father works hard. The child plays in the park. 6. She ( help / helps ) sick people. I He eat eats 3. C Choose and complete the sentences. She at her children. Sam runs slowly. You She run runs We dance It dances 4. eat drink walk run swim play look sleep read write sing dance B Circle the correct verbs. Mary ( read / reads ) books every day. It rains a lot in summer. jump baby smile drink fast 5. 1. I ( like / likes ) chocolate and ice cream. play plays They The boy sleep sleeps 5. We ( wear / wears ) our coats in winter. Subject Verb Subject Verb 2. so they are called action verbs. The subject and the verb must agree with each other in a sentence. You dance very well. 3. too. Grammar Station A Circle the subjects and underline the verbs. I eat rice every day. 5 6 read draw orange climb 6. The babies sleep at night. He eats bread every day. Chris climbs the tree. The boy ( kick / kicks ) a soccer ball. She looks at the blackboard. 1. She plays golf. The students pictures. dance smiles walks swim draw plays You run fast. 5. Present Simple: Subject-Verb Agreement These verbs show action. My sisters My sister 6. A turtle slowly. 1 2 2. We add -(e)s to the verb when the subject is he. Their mom sleeps. Jim and Ann well. 1. 8. 7.13 He eats bread every day. We play soccer. 3 4 Circle the verbs. We drink milk every day. The rabbits run fast. 2.

Subject Verb Subject Verb C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. Dolphins swim very well. She eggs. Dolphins (take) B Choose and complete the sentences. The teacher the paper. sing I sing He sings 1. ( The duck / The ducks ) swims on the lake. 5. cut read draw play paint bake Honeybees in a hive. 3. (lay) 2. The cats climbs the tree. My grandma tell a story. The girl paints a picture. Honeybees (work) 3. 1. (live) A queen bee the bee family. Their mom cupcakes. ( She / They ) walks to school. drink You She 2. (swim) Dolphins small fish. 4. ( This lady / These ladies ) sits on the sofa. (jump) A mother dolphin care of her babies. walk We It 3. (rule) 1. 56 Unit 13 57 . ( My friend / My friends ) live in Paris. The kids a board game. ( That kangaroo / Those kangaroos ) jump high. Complete the information signs about the animals. 6. the When you write a sen Grammar in Writing subject and the verb mu st agree in number. She drinks coffee every day. play My sisters My sister 5. 2. • Complete the chart. A Circle the correct subjects. (eat) Some dolphins high. 5. The boys cars. She drink coffee every day. The boys plays soccer. Worker bees hard for the family. clean They The boy 4. 4. Their dad a book. tence. Monkeys likes bananas.

5. Wayne a new computer. brushes 6. 2. 4. loves 2. cries 6. Check the correct forms of the verbs. 3. She ( like / likes ) books. 58 Unit 14 59 . 7. play My brothers tennis every day. We fly kites. I brush my hair. We ( want / wants ) juice. She brushes her teeth.m. or they. I ( helps / help ) poor people. Grammar Station A Circle the correct verbs. or it. Chris ( eates / eats ) beef. 2. My parents a farm. flys 5. exceptions go goes do does 4. watch We movies on Sundays. she. reades 8. We use the base verb with I. Bill ( study / studies ) math. 1. go He goes to the library after school.14 She brushes her teeth. We dinner at 7 p. mix Stephanie flour and eggs to make bread every day. He likes soccer. He ( teachies / teaches ) English. I have blue eyes. we. 3. catch catches 1 2 1. consonant + -y y + -ies fly flies have has 3 4 3. has 5. 7. They have robots. brush brushes -ch. Patrick flies a kite. I like tennis. C Complete the sentences in the present simple. kissies 4. They ( catches / catch ) bugs. My sister has a doll. The monkey a long tail. wash She washes her hair in the morning. 8. We add -s or -es to the base verb with he. -x + -es kiss kisses mix mixes 2. Wendy ( lovies / loves ) animals. -sh. Rule I/You/We/They He/She/It most verbs + -s like likes B Complete the sentences with have or has. 3. -s. Present Simple: Positive We use the present simple to talk about facts and regular actions. plaies 4. Melissa a pretty dress. 1. 6. 6. you. 1. 5 6 5. cry My cat at night.

m. Rollins brushes her teeth at 7 a. 4. fly a kite. I get up at 6 a. I’m in front of the Eiffel Tower now. I love this city very much. They eat bread for breakfast. Lucy at 8 a. Gibson his teeth at night. Three women sing together. I hope you are well. Nick does his homework after dinner.m. brush cries .m. Bruce plaies computer games. • Complete the chart. He at 6 a. Alex every day. have There are many people here. fix 2. You studies hard every day. When you use the pre Grammar in Writing don’t forget to add -s or -es to it. she. From. consonant + -y study have 3. kiss granddaughter. A baby 4. Dear Emily. I go to school at 8 a. A boy flies 2. My brother at school. do 5. Mr. sent simple. 1. A man rides a bike. gets up cry kiss love sing fly ride hope 1. My mom me every day. I watch TV after dinner. do 5. Lynn B Change and complete the sentences. -s. She a kite on Saturdays. See you soon. 60 Unit 14 61 . My uncle fixs bikes well. most verbs help helps teach wash C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences.m. I brush my teeth at 7 a. 2.m. Mark science class on Mondays. 3. An old man kisses his 3. 1 2 3 4 5 Choose and complete the postcard. Rule I/You/We/They He/She/It 6. verbs after he. How are you? I’m in Paris. Ms. I often washes my hands. -sh.m. 5. They eats bread for breakfast. I study hard at school. -ch. I have breakfast every day. She after dinner. or A Choose and complete the sentences in the present simple. exceptions go 4. -x kiss 1.

6. doesn’t 5. He doesn’t study art. Ken ( don’t / doesn’t ) watch TV. 2. It It C Complete the negative sentences. 1. We put do not or does not before the base verb to make negative sentences. Positive Negative Subject Verb Subject Do/Does + Not Base Verb I I B Complete the sentences with don’t or doesn’t. It eats leaves. Rob and Bill don’t work. We play baseball. We don’t play soccer. It doesn’t eat meat. I like milk. 8. Jill doesn’t read storybooks. 62 Unit 15 63 . 2. 4. Tim ( don’t / doesn’t ) play soccer. Present Simple: Negative 5. We We (=don’t) 3. He ( don’t / doesn’t ) read books. I don’t eat rice. You You do not 1. 1. Justin doesn’t know her. They wash peaches. Grammar Station A Circle the correct words. 2. does not She runs. 6. 8. She drives a car. 1. She doesn’t study science. We don’t play baseball. She (=doesn’t) 7. I eat bread. run. Mike studies music. 4. They don’t pears. 4. Match the subject pronouns with don’t or doesn’t. he 4. She ( don’t / doesn’t ) like cheese. 7. it don’t 3. we The fish has fins. she It doesn’t wings. They They run. It doesn’t eat fish. They ( don’t / doesn’t ) buy soda. She studies math. I ( don’t / doesn’t ) speak Spanish. 3.15 We don’t play soccer. He doesn’t drink apple juice. She doesn’t a truck. You need the book. you 2. they 6. It ( don’t / doesn’t ) have a tail. 3. He He 5. We ( don’t / doesn’t ) eat meat.

But she doesn’t like them. you Grammar in Writing When you write in a can use the present simple to talk about regular actions. Sarah don’t wants spicy food. They skiing. B Change and complete the sentences in negative forms. She doesn’t drink tea. drink eat sell wear I like horror movies. Aaron studies hard. we have one thing in common. I any vegetables. I don’t play soccer. A Complete the sentences. Aaron doesn’t hard. 2. My uncle doesn’t drink cola. He exercises every day. 3. He exercise every day. 1. You hard. My uncle don’t drinks cola. She coffee. We listen to the radio. Mary doesn’t on Saturdays. 64 Unit 15 65 . My mom 2. drinks coffee. We always study hard. journal. She eats all kinds of vegetables. We to the radio. 5. 2. I play the flute every day. 1. • Complete the chart. Positive Negative I play soccer. 3. 1 2 3 4 Complete the journal using negative forms. My parents enjoy skiing. They doesn’t has any money. 4. 1. 5. I pants. I skirts. I have a twin sister named Pam. We look the same. But we on Sundays. My parents enjoy skiing. C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. Oh. 4. It eats fish. She doesn’t play the flute. 4. It fish. We meat. They enjoy skiing. I doesn’t listens to the radio. She reads books every day. She drinks coffee. We exercise every day. The store mangoes. You work hard. Kevin and I doesn’t rides bikes. We exercise every day. We vegetables. I don’t wash my hair at night. 3. Mary works on Saturdays. I wash my hair at night. but we are very different. It doesn’t lemons.

Yes. ( Do / Does ) Jill live in France? 8. . Does she Yes. No. it does. No. . ( Do / Does ) she know Jerry? 3. 5. I do . I do. Do we Yes.16 Do you like carrots? Grammar Station A Circle the correct words. A Do Sam and Jim play baseball? 4. ( Do / Does ) Ken get up early? 6. 3. they TV? Does runs Does watches b No. A Does Lisa have long hair? Do run Do watch 3. b Yes. you don’t. No. B Match the questions with the correct answers. it does. Does the bird eat worms? • • Yes. he doesn’t. they do. I don’t. you do. ( Do / Does ) they eat plants? 4. you a bike? 2. No. Do you listen to the radio? • • Yes. 1. b No. ( Do / Does ) you have boots? 2. 66 Unit 16 67 . they don’t. she . he Yes. she doesn’t. Does Brian have a bike? • • Yes. it does. 2. 7. he doesn’t.No. 1 2 3 4 Circle the correct words. 1. 4.Yes. C Complete the answers. No. . you do. A Does Brad want the vest? Do have Do play 1. she doesn’t. they do. they . he does. Does has Does plays 3. I don’t. it Yes. Does he have a pig? Does it bark? . he does. No. Does your sister like music? • • No. I do. ( Do / Does ) we need pencils? Question Answer Do/Does Subject Base Verb Yes No I Yes. it doesn’t. he . 1. she does. A Do you exercise? 2. you don’t.No. ( Do / Does ) it have wings? Present Simple: Yes/No Questions We put do or does before the subject to make yes/no questions. Do you like carrots? Do they play soccer? 5. you Yes. Do they speak English? • • No. No. he soccer? B Yes. it fast? 4. they like birds? Yes. ( Do / Does ) he teach English? We don’t repeat the main verb in short answers. they don’t.

your brother or sister snacks every day? B Change the sentences into questions. you ca n use the present simple. A Cleo live in New York? 3. you don’t. you eat snacks every day? 6. C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. Question Answer Do I Yes. early? 4. estionnaire When you make a qu Grammar in Writing about habits. You do study every day? it 5. Does he drive his car every day? 4. We take a walk at night. No. 2. A the students study hard? 1. 1 2 1. your parents books every day? 5. Sarah dances well. you do your homework in the evening? 1. Do your aunt play golf? 68 Unit 16 69 . you do. Does Sarah dance well? 3. Do you get up early? B No. Do we take a walk at night? Do they swim after school? • Complete the chart. Does Lucy has a Jeep? they like soccer? he 3. He drives his car every day. you 1. Do you wear a uniform? 7. We have some questions about you and your family’s habits. B 4. A Complete the dialogues. Does they have a house? Do they have a house? we 2. B Yes. You wear a uniform. B Yes No 3 4 3. A it have legs? Please check the answer for each question. your mom help you with your homework? 2. you do. She speaks two languages. 8. 2. Does pandas eat leaves? she 4. Does she speak two languages? 5. 6. they don’t. They swim after school. A Do we have math class today? Complete the questionnaire.

do do 1. 1. What ( do / does ) she like? 3. What you like? 2. What does she ( wear / wears )? 6. What does ( he / you ) hate? 4. What like? 2.I have a kite.They want new bikes. What does she need? What do they want? A What do you like ? . What do you collect? I collect stamps. What ( do / does ) you want? 2. What do the boys learn? It likes bananas. Question Answer B Match the questions with the correct answers. does she She likes flowers. What she hate? does does 4. What do you enjoy? He has a toy car. A What they practice ? do do 5. 3.He likes chicken. What we have? does does B They practice dancing. What does the monkey like? We enjoy singing. B I like beautiful flowers.She needs some milk. What he need? 3. The question word what comes before do or does. 1. does he He likes animals. What do ( you / she ) practice? Present Simple: Wh-questions 5. 2. 3. 1. What do you have? What does he like? . What do they ( need / needs )? We use what to ask for information about animals or things. What does Ken have? They learn math. What it eat? 6. 5. do you I like chicken. 70 Unit 17 71 . . What they want? 4. . does does A What she ? do do B She hates big dogs.17 What does he like? Grammar Station A Circle the correct words. C Complete the questions. do they They like chocolate cake. A What he ? Circle the correct words. B He eats delicious spaghetti. 4.

does she write? Complete the text messages. • Complete the chart. 2. A What Paul and Peter ? B They play catch. What is she have? What does she have? What do you practice? I practice taekwondo.E. What about Nancy? she like? B Complete the questions. C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. 4. send 4. What do you want? your sister What does your sister want? What do Oh. What do you write? she What 2. Thanks a lot. 4. 3. What does a rabbit eat? rabbits What rabbits eat? I some jigsaw puzzles. 3. Scott. A What does Ron have ? Okay. Question Answer 1. I collect them. That’s my present for her. 3. Well. 6. Her pen is old. See you at school. What does they play? he like? He fresh bread. for specific inform ati A Change and complete the questions. 2. too. text messages. What do she collect? What they love? They magic shows. What does he wants? What we learn? You English. 1. What you enjoy? 72 Unit 17 73 . What are you need? What she wear? She a raincoat. likes She pretty hairpins. Anything else? she need? B He teaches P. See you tomorrow. A What does Jennypractice ? B She practices jumping rope. What does she teach? they What teach? Hey. White teach ? Great. A What does Mr. What do they play? he What does play? Wow! Tomorrow is my birthday. Tomorrow is Nancy’s birthday. B He has a bat. Bye. she needs a new pen. 1. 5. When you exchange Grammar in Writing you can use question words to ask on . really? you want for your birthday? 5.

I / You Yes. The zebra run fast. . We use can to talk about ability. 5. c b 2. C Complete the answers. can’t We / They We / They (=cannot) 1. 1. A ( Can you fly / Do you can fly ) a kite? B Yes. I ( can / cans ) jump high. The monkeys climb trees. A Can he swim? Can you swim? Can they speak Chinese? . B No. you / I can. He can play the piano. can’t He / She / It can dance. a I can skate. b Yes. . d b No.18 He can play the piano. He ( can / cans ) run fast. Question Answer Modal Verb Subject Base Verb Yes/No Subject Modal Verb 3. Positive Negative Subject Modal Verb Base Verb Subject Modal Verb Base Verb I / You I / You B Complete the sentences with can or can’t. It can ( climb / climbs ) trees. A Can she sing well? Write the correct letters. 4. 3. 4. We ( cannot / don’t can ) ski. My friend can’t skate. The eagle swim. they can’t. Can He / She / It dance? he / she / it We / They No. 3. I ( can / can’t ). He can’t play the violin. Grammar Station A Circle the correct words.Yes. A penguin can’t fly. 7. 74 Unit 18 75 . you / they can’t. A ( Can they ride / Do they can ride ) bikes? B No. I ( cann’t / can’t ) speak French. 2. It comes before the base verb. I can ride a bike. a A Can the boys skate? 3. . An eagle can fly. they ( can / can’t ). I can. 1. he can’t . 4. 6. 8. They can ( play / plays ) chess. The hippos jump high.No. Modal Verb: Can (Ability) 5. I can’t drive a car. He / She/ It dance. 1. We put can before the subject to make yes/no questions. The lion fly. 2. We use can’t (= cannot) to make negative sentences. 2.

they shoot the ball well? 2. Can we catch balls? 4. she can’t . Question Can they speak Chinese? We can catch balls. Can she jump high? 1. . A Can the girls play chess? (play soccer) b No. Can he ride a bike? 2. I the door. She can draw her dog. • Complete the chart. She can’t cook very well. You can’t fly a kite. Great! You’re a good team. about his or her ab ilit A Choose and complete the sentences using can or can’t. shoot the ball well 4. Alex and I can well. Can they play the guitar? 5. But it can . Amy. He a bike. Let’s start. But they can play soccer. We can’t catch balls. Yes. You can drive a car. You can fly a kite. 5. He the box. 3. We practice the violin every day. I can’t. Can you fly a kite? 1. They the guitar. Paula dribble the ball well. speak open walk carry play Ability Amy Alex Paula Billy Tim can’t open pass the ball well 1. A Can the parrot sing? (talk) No. I can answer the question. She can cook very well. Complete the interview. Can you pass the ball well? walk yet. They can play the guitar. I don’t have the key. Billy and Tim jump high. B Complete the answers. Negative I can’t answer the question. He needs some help. B No. They can speak Chinese. He can make cookies. She Japanese. He you dribble the ball well? No. Negative She can’t draw her dog. Question Can you drive a car? He can ride a bike. But she can ski . they can’t. My friend Mika is from Japan. Question Can he make cookies? 76 Unit 18 77 . A Can Cathy snowboard? (ski) . We can the violin well. I can . someone. b No. they can’t . dribble the ball well 2. jump high 3. My baby brother is six months old. Positive Negative Question C Change and complete the sentences. Grammar in Writing When you interview you can use can or ca n’t to ask ies. Can she cook very well? 3. it can’t .

No. you can. The modal verbs can and may come before the base verb. you can. No. Can I sit here? Yes. Yes. You ( may not touch / may touch not ) the vase. 3. May I open the door? No. Modal Verbs: Can/May (Permission) 5. He / She / It can’t watch TV. you can’t. 5 6 5. Positive Negative Subject Modal Verb Base Verb Subject Modal Verb Base Verb I / You I / You He / She / It can watch TV. You sit down. Circle the correct words. May I play outside? No.Yes. you can’t. you may not. You ( cannt / can’t ) use the computer. You may ( sit / sits ) on the sofa. 6. You eat this. 2. you can. you may not. Can I use your scissors? Yes. You ( can / cans ) go out. can’t may not 2. can may 1. You sit on the bench. . You ( mays / may ) leave now. You ( can’t / don’t can ) run here. No. We don’t use a short form for may not. May is more formal than can.No. you may not. / Of course.19 May I sit here? Grammar Station A Circle the correct words. Can I take a break? Yes. You borrow my umbrella. 4. 3. 3 4 3. 78 Unit 19 79 . C Check the correct answers. can may 4. you can/may. you may not. B Complete the sentences with can or can’t. you may not. You ( may / mayn’t ) sit here. You may not come in. Sorry. may may not We / They We / They can’t 1 2 1. 4. 1. can’t may not 5. 3. You wear my new coat. 1. No. We use can or may to give or ask for permission. . You can ( eats / eat ) the snacks. You listen to music here. Yes. you can’t. I sit here? May Sure. you may. Question Answer Modal Verb Subject Base Verb Yes No 2. You can use my phone. Can I drink the milk? May I take your picture? 6. 2. Can Yes. you can. You use the bathroom. You run. 7. you can’t/may not. 4. You read it. 8. You read the books.

You use can my smartphone. May uses I your computer? 80 Unit 19 81 . 1. You brings may your pet. you can’t. No! No. monkey? a robot? You can No. Can I borrows your scarf? You may watch TV. What is your question? 3. come in and take a seat. You can my pencil. Can I eat snacks? 2. C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. ( may / jump ) Complete the comic strip dialogue using can or may. Can I swim here? Yes. may not . Grammar in Writing When you ask for pe rmission. No! No. you can use can or ma y. It’s too deep. please? B Match the questions with the correct answers. Here you are. No! No! Can I have a get a new No. You can’t eat snacks. May I watch TV? 5. You may not jump in the elevator. 4. 3. Can I ask a question? No. A Complete the sentences. 5. home? 3. you can’t. You can go home. you 4. You home. Positive Negative Question 1. Santa.you the window. ( may / speak ) You may loudly. May I go now? Sure. You mayn’t touch this painting. You may not sit here. You can eat snacks. here? 4. you can’t. You can use my smartphone. ( can / use ) may not. See you tomorrow. You may sit here. You may not watch TV. Can I use your phone? Of course. 2. 1. new Santa? computer. • Complete the chart. May I come in? Sure. may I have a candy house? get a pet ( can / open ) Um … can I get 2.

8. not hurry. please. ‌We use imperatives to tell someone to do or not to do something. 6. Check the imperative sentences. 4. Let’s Let’s not sing together. Be quiet. 3. Imperatives 5. Base Verb Don’t Base Verb 1. Let’s Base Verb Let’s not Base Verb Suggestion go to the park. cry. C Complete the sentences with Don’t or Let’s. We’re late. Let’s have dinner. ( Let’s not / Let’s don’t ) go out. Don’t touch the vase. Let’s dance together. It’s cold outside. ( Do / Be ) honest. Be quiet. Grammar Station A Circle the correct words. ( Don’t do / Don’t be ) late. go out. The baby is sleeping. touch it. 5. We use imperatives with let’s to make suggestions to people. be late. 82 Unit 20 83 . Let’s not buy it. This bag is expensive. Let’s not play soccer. Imperative Open the door. 3 4 3. Let’s go on a picnic. 1. ( Let / Let’s ) play soccer.20 Clean your room. 2. please. dance. ( Be / Do ) careful. 6. She can dance well. Speak loudly. 4. Do not 2. It’s not a big problem. ( Wait / Be wait ) a minute. 4. Can you swim? 4. 1 2 1. Positive Negative B Match the sentences. Clean your room. 2. 2. 3. sit down. 6. 5 6 5. Don’t worry. It’s a nice day. play soccer. 5. Don’t talk in class. 3. 6. Try again. Be quiet. We can add please to make imperatives more polite. They usually begin with the base verb. speak loudly. 1. 7. ( Be close / Close ) the door. Put on your coat. ( Not / Don’t ) move. be lazy. (=Don’t) Be careful. I can’t hear you.

Let’s protect nature and animals. 2. 4. Do your homework. 2. please. Wait for me. feed leave clean be make prepare pick Don’t make noise! Don’t walk on the grass! 3. 1. When you write a sig Grammar in Writing you can use imperat ives to give vic e. Don’t talks in class! Let’s take a taxi. ( drink ) Imperative some water.______ the plants. 5. your campsite. Close the window. Be kind Choose and complete the sign using imperatives. Not run in the classroom! Don’t run in the classroom! Don’t close the window. 1. 1. 5. 1 3. • Complete the chart. -_______ _______ the camp alone. 4. Open your mouth. ( be kind ) Imperative to others. ( not / be late ) Imperative . n or notice. Let’s not hurry . Let's hurry. Let’s respect other campers. ( not / take ) Suggestion not a taxi. Don’t be lazy. 2. 1. Here are some simple camp rules. Let’s don’t eat fast food. Let’s follow the safety rules. 4. . B Choose and complete the sentences. a good neighbor. Positive Negative C Correct the underlined words and rewrite the sentences. 2. Don’t wait for me. Do let’s climb the mountain. Do -_____ the animals. Let's not take a taxi. ( meet ) Suggestion after school. a first aid kit. 3 open walk do make . Be lazy. Be raise your hand quickly. 84 Unit 20 85 . 3. instructions or ad A Complete the sentences. . 3. Prepare 2 . -_____ __ noise.

Supplementary Material .

My mom wants tea. 4. 3. 3. 4. ( A / The ) bear is big. D Complete the sentences using plural nouns. The ladies have two scarfes and three brushes. knife There are three . tomato We want four . 3. 3. 5. 2. E Choose and complete the sentences. wolf Kate sees two . uncle / farmer / a / is / My / . The boy wants three ( peachs / peaches ). There is elf. A man is angry. 5. I see a man. 2. 88 Review Test 1 89 . Beth and Scott live in london. F Unscramble the sentences. 2. watch My dad has five . My name is ( Kelly / kelly ). 1. see / I / yogurt / some / . 5. umbrella / is / There / an / . 5. Pam needs cheese. 3. She has ( a / an ) orange. There is a octopus. and a hamster. girl / That / is / Monica / . I see owl. or some. His birthday is in . My aunt has car. C Choose the wrong words and correct them. 2. 1. 4. Jack has idea. dish I need ten . 4. an iguana. Sam wants some milk and some breads. There is ( a / an ) bear. 1. 2. 1. sandwiches / Sean / two / wants / . The woman has three . some an August peaches a 1. 3. 1. 5. B Complete the sentences with a. We need butter. There is bike. 4. an. The car is new. There is ( a / some ) salt. 5. Review Test 1 Units 01-04 A Circle the correct words. 2. 4.

I lazy 4. It is not a mango. A ( Who / What ) are they? B my parents. who is what are I’m 1. ( Am / Are ) you angry? 3. 3. My brothers are not students. 2. . Question 5. 2. A Am I wrong? B No. hungry. They is an apple. He ( are / is ) my father. 4. My cat . 1. 2. There are some water. 4. A ( Who / What ) is it? B an eraser. You ugly. 5. They my parents. not. 3. B Complete the negative sentences using the verb be. A she an artist? B Yes. 3. They ( aren’t / isn’t ) baseball players. 2. There ( is / are ) some juice. 5. 1. not C Choose the wrong words and correct them. 4. She’re very kind. There some stores. 5. . Who is the boy? Plural 90 Review Test 2 91 . A I late? B No. Negative 4. 1. 2. A is that animal? B It’s a fox. Use the short forms if necessary. We are hungry. F Change and rewrite the sentences. 5. Kate is my sister. A ( Who / What ) is she? B She is my sister. Short Form 3. 1. 1. The man a pilot. He is my friend. Short Form 2. . you isn’t. Mary is thin. E Choose and complete the sentences. A Are you American? B No. A is that woman? B She is my aunt. A What is that girl? B She is Emily. 3. D Complete the dialogues. 4. Anita a nurse. A you hardworking? B No. 5. Review Test 2 Units 05-08 A Circle the correct words.

This is wallet. I Brian is cousin. The dog is the bone. Plural 2. Negative 3. This ( isn’t / aren’t ) your sandwich. Singular 92 Review Test 3 93 . He is handsome a man. this your bike? 3. These aren’t my glasses. 5. she house is very big. 4. This are a duck. 3. 3. 4. 3. A Are they he friends? B No. Positive 4. Those are pine trees. The dog is his doghouse. I see a baby. It is ( he / his ) jacket. F Change and rewrite the sentences. it eyes are red. D Complete the sentences with the correct prepositions. 1. Question 5. 2. Your books are next the bag. 3. This is their room. 5. ( This / These ) are my shoes. 4. 2. This isn’t a goose. 2. Ken and Jerry are the tree. B Complete the sentences using the possessive adjectives. 2. you coat is pretty. The dog is the mail carrier. That is her ruler. 4. The girl ( is / are ) tall. my behind are cute is 1. E Choose and complete the sentences. C Choose the wrong words and correct them. 5. Those penguins. Those isn’t my bag. 1. we We like school. 1. 1 2 3 4 2. 1. These are white swans. 4. Review Test 3 Units 09-12 A Circle the correct words. 1. 5. I know ( you / your ) brother. The dog is the table. they aren’t.

3. She in Sydney. 1. love Liz her family. The students play tennis. She has a big farm. Nicole ( studys / studies ) math after school. 1. Review Test 4 Units 13-16 A Circle the correct words. go She to the park on Sundays. It fins. 4. fix My dad my robots well. 5. Question 94 Review Test 4 95 . 4. I catch bugs every day. 3. B Complete the negative sentences using the short forms. don’t do helps brushes doesn’t 1. 2. Negative 4. The singer poor people. 1. A Does he work on Saturdays? B No. We like classical music. he isn’t. She ( swim / swims ) in the morning. 2. 4. D Complete the sentences in the present simple. Craig his teeth after lunch. Sean ( doesn’t / don’t ) study on Sundays. 5. They badminton. I do. 2. C Choose the wrong words and correct them. 4. 5. ( Do / Does ) Jill and her brother like onions? 4. We hip-hop music. The boys fly kites. 5. Fred doesn’t like horror movies. 3. 1. they do. E Choose and complete the sentences. 1. A Does you need an umbrella? B Yes. The cat eats cucumbers. She don’t eat ham. Positive 5. He English. Eddie and I play computer games. F Change and rewrite the sentences. Subject She 3. The parrot has wings. and the girl flys a model plane. 3. Subject He 2. She eats salad. Mr. Gibson teaches science. A they live in Seoul? B Yes. watch Alex TV at 7 p. he . 2. My sister drink blueberry juice every day. 3. My mom ( mixes / mixs ) eggs and butter to make bread every day. 2. have The gorilla long arms. We study English after dinner.m. 5. A Does Jay want a hamburger? B No. She lives in Madrid.

Question 5. 4. eat Sorry! You food in the library. C Circle the wrong words and correct them. 2. 4. A Can you jump high? B No. 2. he can’t. 1. Carol can play the flute. E Choose and complete the sentences. Question 3. A What ? B They enjoy skiing. 1. A What do Jane have? B She has an umbrella. 3. 3. What ( do / does ) she want? 1. 2. F Change and rewrite the sentences. Derek can ( climb / climbs ) trees. A What ? B It eats grass. Let’s not eats pizza today. 5. Let’s watch the movie. A May I use your pencil? B Yes. A What ? B I like spaghetti. A I use your phone? B Yes. B Complete the sentences using can or can’t. Be happy. You may come in. 5. watch TV now. Review Test 5 Units 17-20 A Circle the correct words. you can’t. 4. I this water? 1. I can’t . A Can Tony speaks French? B No. He can run fast. A What ? B She needs some garlic. Hunt teach? B She teaches science. 2. 5. touch it. Feed the squirrels. 3. Justin is a singer. A What ? B He wants a new bike. Don’t do sad. what may can don’t can’t 1. 5. drink I’m very thirsty. This watch is very expensive. you may. 4. He sing well. ( Be clean / Clean ) your room. You ( may not / not may ) touch the picture. D Complete the questions. Negative 4. Negative 2. Negative 96 Review Test 5 97 . open I the window? 4. 5. 2. A does Ms. ( Don’t be / Don’t ) shy. run here. 3. 3. 1.

you aren’t. I’m not. He is not = He isn’t Is he .. ? Yes.. Nouns Subject Pronouns & The Verb Be People Animals Places Things Singular Plural boy girl dog kitten school library desk flower Subject Subject Common Be Short Form Be Short Form teacher student rabbit elephant park house movie soccer Pronoun Pronoun I am = I’m We = We’re Proper Chris Jessica Harry Kiki Paris France May Christmas People You are = You’re You = You’re are He / She = He’s / She’s is They = They’re Animals/Things It = It’s Articles Article Article + Noun a consonant sounds a bike a dress a park a test a coat The Verb Be: Negative & Yes/No Questions vowel sounds Negative Yes/No Question an (a.. 98 99 . e. No. they aren’t.. baby babies consonant + -y y + -ies cherry cherries is he? He is my uncle. o. -sh. The boy is handsome. ? Yes. an onion some onions a soup some soups There are Plural some dishes. Noncount a leaf some leaves a tea some teas an orange some oranges a juice some juices two clowns. They are not = They aren’t Are they . i. Plural Nouns Singular Plural most nouns + -s ball balls bench benches The Verb Be: Wh-questions dish dishes -ch. I am. ? Yes. leaf leaves Animals/ Things What -f. ? Yes. No. Singular a dollar four dollars a money four moneys There is a sandwich some sandwiches a bread some breads some bread. the I am not = I’m not Am I . -fe f + -ves knife knives are they? They are giraffes. only one of something the sun the moon the sky You are not = You aren’t Are you . u) an artist an elephant an island an octopus an umbrella Subject Be + Not Short Form Question Answer specific thing I see a boy.. No. you are. Count & Noncount Nouns There + The Verb Be Count Noncount There Be Noun a song three songs a music three musics a chair... -o + -es bus buses Question Answer fox foxes tomato tomatoes am I? You are the king. People Who are you? I am Alice.. -s. is it? It is a basket. he is. they are. No. he isn’t. -x.

It It (=doesn’t) Prepositions of Place Subject Be Preposition Noun Present Simple: Yes/No Questions He / She in Question Answer Tom / Your sister on Singular is Do/Does Subject Base Verb Yes No It under The melon the box. These are gloves.Yes. you / they do. The cars are old. They are old cars. No. Those aren’t peaches. We / They We / They (=don’t) run. 100 101 . -sh. / No. . in front of Do We / You / They behind we / they like birds? Yes. My bag is green. you / I do. -s. Demonstrative Pronouns Present Simple: Subject-Verb Agreement Singular Plural Subject Verb Subject Verb This is a bat. No. Present Simple: Positive Rule I/You/We/They He/She/It most verbs + -s like likes Possessive Adjectives catch catches Subject Possessive Adjective Subject Possessive Adjective brush brushes -ch. he / she / it doesn’t. Those are pears. it isn’t. you / I don’t. I / you Yes. They sleep The boy sleeps Is this 〔that〕 a bowl? Are these 〔those〕 gloves? Question . he / she / it does. He / She He / She does not runs.Yes. We It Negative play plays That isn’t a vase. they aren’t. / No. run runs You She dance dances This isn’t a stick. it is. These aren’t mittens. Plural are My pencils next to Does he / she / it Yes. run. they are. No. -x + -es kiss kisses I my name it its tail mix mixes you your book we our house consonant + -y y + -ies fly flies he his hair they their children have has exceptions go goes she her shoes David David’s car do does Adjectives Present Simple: Negative Adjective + Noun The Verb Be + Adjective Positive Negative Subject Verb Subject Do/Does + Not Base Verb Adjective Noun Subject Be Adjective I / You I / You do not I have a green bag. you / they don’t. I eat He eats Positive That is a jar.

Sorry. Some & Any 17 Past Simple: The Verb Be Subject Modal Verb Base Verb Subject Modal Verb Base Verb 8 It + The Verb Be 18 Past Simple 1: Regular Verbs I / You I / You 9 Present Simple: Positive & Negative 19 Past Simple 2: Irregular Verbs can can’t He / She / It watch TV. you can’t/may not. you can’t. Do not cry. you / I can. 2 Quantifiers 1: Many / Much / A Lot Of 12 Past Simple: Questions 3 Quantifiers 2: Noncount Nouns 13 Future (Will ): Positive & Negative Imperatives 4 Conjunctions 14 Future (Will ): Questions Positive Negative 5 Present Simple 15 Future: Be Going To Base Verb Don’t Base Verb 6 Frequency Adverbs 16 Question Words: How / Why Imperative Open the door. He / She / It watch TV. 2 Articles 12 Prepositions of Place What do they like? They like chocolate cake. (=Don’t) be late. 7 Present Continuous: Positive & Negative 17 Adjectives & Adverbs Be careful. you / they can’t. 3 Plural Nouns 13 Present Simple: Subject-Verb Agreement does she She likes flowers. (=cannot) We / They We / They Question Answer Grammar Space Beginner Book 02 Modal Verb Subject Base Verb Yes/No Subject Modal Verb 1 Types of Sentences 11 Adjectives: Comparatives I / you Yes. 8 Present Continuous: Questions 18 Adjectives: Comparatives Let’s Base Verb Let’s not Base Verb Suggestion 9 Past Simple (The Verb Be ): Positive & Negative 19 Adjectives: Superlatives Let’s go to the park. He / She / It dance. 4 Count & Noncount Nouns 14 Present Simple: Positive 5 Subject Pronouns & The Verb Be 15 Present Simple: Negative Modal Verb: Can (Ability) 6 The Verb Be : Negative & Yes/No Questions 16 Present Simple: Yes/No Questions 7 The Verb Be : Wh-questions 17 Present Simple: Wh-questions Positive Negative 8 There + The Verb Be 18 Modal Verb: Can (Ability) Subject Modal Verb Base Verb Subject Modal Verb Base Verb 9 Demonstrative Pronouns 19 Modal Verbs: Can / May (Permission) I / You I / You can’t 10 Possessive Adjectives 20 Imperatives He / She / It can dance. / Of course. No. you can/may. 10 Past Simple (The Verb Be ): Questions 20 Prepositions of Place & Movement 102 103 . 2 Articles 12 Adverbs Can he / she / it dance? he / she / it we / they No. 3 Plural Nouns 13 Present Continuous: Positive 4 Pronouns 14 Present Continuous: Negative 5 Possessives 15 Present Continuous: Questions Modal Verbs: Can/May (Permission) 6 The Verb Be 16 Prepositions of Time Positive Negative 7 There + The Verb Be . Scope & Sequence Present Simple: Wh-questions Grammar Space Beginner Book 01 Question Answer 1 Nouns 11 Adjectives do you I like chicken. may may not 10 Present Simple: Questions 20 Modal Verbs: Must / Have To We / They We / They Question Answer Modal Verb Subject Base Verb Yes No Grammar Space Beginner Book 03 Can Yes. Let’s not go out. 1 Parts of a Sentence 11 Past Simple: Positive & Negative I sit here? May Sure.