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# Design of Wall Footing

𝐷𝐿 =
LL
𝐿𝐿 = DL

𝑓𝑐 ′ = 27.5 𝑀𝑃𝑎
a
𝑓𝑦 = 420𝑀𝑃𝑎 Ground Line

∅ = 0.9 & 0.75
𝑞𝑎 = 4.5m
𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑐𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑒 𝑊𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 = 23.54𝑘𝑁⁄𝑚3
500mm 410mm
425mm
𝑆𝐺 𝑜𝑓 𝑆𝑜𝑖𝑙 = 2.0

𝑤𝑎𝑙𝑙 𝑡ℎ𝑖𝑐𝑘𝑛𝑒𝑠𝑠 = 0.2𝑚 1m

𝑑𝑒𝑝𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝑓𝑜𝑜𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 4.5𝑚
𝑐𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 90𝑚𝑚

Assume ℎ = 500𝑚𝑚 depth of footing

𝑑 = 410𝑚𝑚 𝑞𝑜
= 𝑞𝑎−(ℎ 𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑐.𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡)−(𝑠𝑜𝑖𝑙 𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 𝑥 𝑠𝑜𝑖𝑙 ℎ𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡)

𝐷𝐿+𝐿𝐿
𝑤𝑖𝑑𝑡ℎ 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 (𝐼) = 𝑞𝑜

Bearing Pressure for strength design:
1.2𝐷𝐿+1.6𝐿𝐿
𝑞𝑢= 𝑤𝑖𝑑𝑡ℎ 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑

Depth required for shear at distance d from face of the wall:
𝐼−𝑎 𝑉𝑢
= ( − 𝑑) (𝑞𝑢)
2

𝑉 𝑑
=
∅√𝑓𝑐 ′ (𝑏𝑤)

Determine steel area (d=410mm)
𝐼−𝑎 𝑐𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟
𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ = =
2
Take moment at face of the wall
𝑐𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ 𝑀𝑢
= 𝑞𝑢 (𝑐𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ)( )
2

4 √𝑓𝑐 ′ 1.5𝑚 0 1m 5.15707mm SAY 180mm Design of Square Column Footing 𝐷𝐿 = 𝐿𝐿 = kN/m3 𝑓𝑐 ′ = 27.5 m 𝑑𝑒𝑝𝑡ℎ 𝑜𝑓 𝑓𝑜𝑜𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 4.9 & 0.5𝑚 5 0 0 m 𝑐𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 90𝑚𝑚 0 m 𝛼= m m Assume ℎ = 500𝑚𝑚 depth of footing 𝑑 = 410𝑚𝑚 𝑞𝑜= 𝑞𝑎−(ℎ 𝑥 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑐.85𝑓𝑐 ′ 1. 𝑀𝑢 𝑅𝑛 = == ∅𝑏𝑑2 0. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑 𝑓𝑦 4𝑓𝑦 420 4(420) 0.5 𝜌𝑚𝑖𝑛 = 𝑜𝑟 = 𝑜𝑟 = 0.54𝑘𝑁⁄𝑚3 4.5) 600 𝜌𝑚𝑎𝑥 = 𝑥 = 𝑥 = 𝟎.003121 or 𝟎. USE 𝜌 = 𝐴𝑠 = 𝜌𝑏𝑑 Using 20mm Bar 𝜋 𝐴𝑑(1000) (12𝑚𝑚)2 (1000𝑚𝑚) 4 𝑆= 𝐴𝑠 = 614. 𝟎𝟐𝟎𝟖𝟕𝟏 𝑓𝑦 600 + 𝑓𝑦 420 600 + 420 𝜌𝑚𝑖𝑛 < 𝜌 < 𝜌𝑚𝑎𝑥 THEREFORE.75(0.85)(𝛽1 𝑓𝑐 ′ ) 600 0.75(0.75 Ground Line m 𝑞𝑎 = 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑐𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑒 𝑊𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 = 23.85)(0.5 𝑀𝑃𝑎 500mm 400 mm 500 𝑓𝑦 = 420𝑀𝑃𝑎 500mm 400 mm m 500 m m ∅ = 0.0 m900mm 810mm 820mm m 5 𝑐𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑛 𝑡ℎ𝑖𝑐𝑘𝑛𝑒𝑠𝑠 = 0.5m 1500mm 500 𝑆𝐺 𝑜𝑓 𝑆𝑜𝑖𝑙 = 2.𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡)−(𝑠𝑜𝑖𝑙 𝑤𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 𝑥 𝑠𝑜𝑖𝑙 ℎ𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡) 𝐷𝐿+𝐿𝐿 𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 (𝐼) = 𝑞𝑜 .4 √27.135𝑚𝑚2 = 184.85𝑓 ′ 𝑐 2𝑅𝑛 𝜌= 𝑥[[1 − √1 − ] 𝑓𝑦 0.85𝑥27.

631m m dd= =820 mm 2.45 1m m 𝑉𝑢1 = 𝑞𝑢 (𝐴1 ) 6𝑉𝑢1 𝑑= ∅√𝑓𝑐 ′ (𝑏𝑤) b.2𝐷𝐿+1.6𝐿𝐿 𝑞𝑢= 𝐴𝑟𝑒𝑎 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 a.) depth d required for two-way or punching shear A2 d/2 a 500 + 810 = 1310 mm d/2 𝑏𝑜 = .) depth d required for one way or beam shear: 5.5 1mm A1 1.Bearing Pressure for strength design: 1.

𝑉𝑢2 = 𝑞𝑢 (𝐴2 ) 3𝑉𝑢2 𝑑= ∅√𝑓𝑐 ′ (𝑏𝑜) 12𝑉𝑢2 𝑑= 𝛼𝑑 ∅[ + 2] √𝑓𝑐′(𝑏𝑜) 𝑏𝑜 Solving d by Quadratic Equation Where`𝑎 = 𝑏= 𝑐= −𝑏 ± √𝑏 2 − 4𝑎𝑐 𝑑= 2𝑎 THEREFORE d=< Determine steel area (d=) 𝐼−𝑎 𝑐𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ = = 2 Take moment at face of the wall 𝑀𝑢 = 𝑞𝑢 (𝑐𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑙𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ)(𝑏) 𝑀𝑢 𝑅𝑛 = == ∅𝑏𝑑2 0.4 √𝑓𝑐 ′ 1.4 √27.85)(𝛽1 𝑓𝑐 ′ ) 600 0.135𝑚𝑚2 = 184.5 𝜌𝑚𝑖𝑛 = 𝑜𝑟 = 𝑜𝑟 = 0.003121 or 𝟎.85𝑓𝑐 ′ 1.75(0.75(0. 𝟎𝟐𝟎𝟖𝟕𝟏 𝑓𝑦 600 + 𝑓𝑦 420 600 + 420 𝜌𝑚𝑖𝑛 < 𝜌 < 𝜌𝑚𝑎𝑥 THEREFORE.5) 600 𝜌𝑚𝑎𝑥 = 𝑥 = 𝑥 = 𝟎. USE 𝜌 = 𝐴𝑠 = 𝜌𝑏𝑑 Using 20mm Bar 𝜋 𝐴𝑑(1000) (12𝑚𝑚)2 (1000𝑚𝑚) 4 𝑆= 𝐴𝑠 = 614.85𝑓 ′ 𝑐 2𝑅𝑛 𝜌= 𝑥[[1 − √1 − ] 𝑓𝑦 0. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟑𝟑𝟑 𝑓𝑦 4𝑓𝑦 420 4(420) 0.85)(0.15707mm SAY 180mm .85𝑥27.