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SRM Nagar, Kattankulathur – 603 203




EI6602–Process Control

Regulation – 2013

Academic Year 2017– 18

Prepared by

Mr. R. IssanRaj, A.P.(O.G) - EIE

Mr. C. Praveen kumar, A.P.(O.G) - EIE

BTL 2 Understand 14. BTL 2 Understand 6. Generalize the list of control variables in Heat Exchanger and CSTR. BTL 1 Remember 10. 15. Yes/No. Outline the need for mathematical model. What is non-self regulation? Give an example. Pressure and Thermal processes – Interacting and non-interacting systems – Degrees of freedom – Continuous and batch processes – Self regulation – Servo and regulatory operations – Lumped and Distributed parameter models – Heat exchanger – CSTR – Linearization of nonlinear systems. PART . BTL 3 Apply 13. BTL 4 Analyze 17.PROCESS DYNAMICS Need for process control – Mathematical model of Flow. BTL 6 Create 11. Any process can exhibit self regulation. ft. Justify. VALLIAMMAI ENGINEERING COLLEGE SRM Nagar. Kattankulathur – 603 203. manipulated variable and load variable in BTL 1 Remember process control. Level. DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEERING QUESTION BANK SUBJECT :EI6602 –PROCESS CONTROL SEM / YEAR : VI Semester / III Year EIE UNIT I . Categorize the ways to obtain the mathematical modeling of higher BTL 5 Evaluate . Evaluate the time constant. Compare continuous process and batch process. BTL 1 Remember 2. Write the different mathematical models used in process control. Illustrate the second order system using its general form of transfer BTL 3 Apply function. Discuss the need for process automation. Differentiate servo and regulatory operations with example. Classify systems based on their interacting levels and give example.A Q. Examine the need for servo operation. List down key objectives of process control. 7. BTL 3 Apply 18. Define controlled variable. Point out the significance of "degree of freedom".No Questions BT Competence Level 1. A tank operating at 10 ft head. BTL 2 Understand 16. BTL 1 Remember 9. BTL 5 Evaluate 3. BTL 1 Remember 8. BTL 2 Understand 5. 5 lpm outflow through a valve and BTL 4 Analyze has a cross section area of 10 sq. What are the input and output variable for continuous and batch BTL 1 Remember process? 4. Define degrees of freedom. 12.

The pump removes water at a constant rate of 10 cfm (cubic feet per minute). q2 inflow and outflow of tank I and q3 is the outflow of tank II. 19. Evaluate the material balance equation for the two tank hybrid system BTL 5 Evaluate shown below and determines the transfer functions h1(s) / F1(s) and h2(s) / F2(s) (13) . Derive the transfer functions H2(s)/Q(s) and H3(s)/Q(s) for the three. h1. Derive the transfer function H(s)/Q(s) for the liquid level system BTL 1 Remember shown below when (a) The tank level operates about the steady-state value of hs = 1 ft. H3 and Q are deviation variables. (13) 4. where H2. order process. (13) 3. q1. How lumped and distributed systems are developed? BTL 6 Create PART – B 1. Illustrate the steps involved in linearizing the nonlinear systems. BTL 4 Analyze 20. this rate is independent of head. Tank 1 and Tank 2 are interacting. A2 heights of liquid level and areas of the tanks tank I and tank II respectively. The cross-sectional area of the tank is 1. Derive the mathematical model for the given process C1. h2 and A1.0 ft2 and the resistance R is 0. (13) 2. C2 BTL 1 Remember capacitances of the tank I and tank II respectively. (b) The tank level operates about the steady-state value of hs = 3 ft. BTL 1 Remember tank system shown below.5 ft/cfm.

BTL 3 Apply interacting tanks. (6) BTL 2 Understand 10. Develop a mathematical model for the system shown in figure. identify the process variables.5. (6) (ii) Explain the self-regulation process with an example. (7) (ii) Discuss the instrumentation and controls in CSTR. (i) Discuss the need for mathematical modeling. Cross- . (i) Explain heat exchanger with a neat sketch. (i) Distinguish between the continuous and batch process with the BTL 2 Understand help of neat diagram. BTL 1 Remember including the disturbance variable and obtain the degrees of freedom of the process. (7) 12. (7) (ii) Give the merits and demerits of the continuous and batch process. The level of liquid in tank 1 and tank 2 are h1 and h2 respectively. (7) BTL 4 Analyze (ii) Explain the instrumentation and controls in Heat Exchanger. BTL 3 Apply (7) (ii) For the above thermal process. (6) 11. Differentiate the following with the help of suitable examples: BTL 2 Understand (i) Servo and Regulatory operations. (13) 7. BTL 6 Create Assume that the effluent stream from a tank is proportional to the hydrostatic liquid pressure that causes the flow of liquid. (6) 8. (i) Describe with neat diagrams the CSTR and its characteristics in BTL 1 Remember detail. (6) 9. (i) Obtain the mathematical model of first order thermal process. Obtain the mathematical model of a process comprising two non. (7) 13. (7) (ii) Interacting and Non-interacting processes. (6) 6. (6) BTL 2 Understand (ii) Obtain the mathematical model of a first order pneumatic BTL 3 Apply process. The inlet flow to tank 1 and tank 2 is F1 and F2 ft3/min respectively and outflow of tank 2 is F3 ft3/min. (i) What is inverse response? Explain the inverse response noticed BTL 4 Analyze in level control of feed water in boiler. Assume that the area of cross section of tank 1 is A1 ft2 and tank 2 is A2 ft2.

F2. (15) 3. (15) BTL 5 Evaluate . sectional area of tank 1 is A1 (ft2) and of tank 2 is A2(ft2). F3are in ft2/min. what is the difference between the indicated and bath temperature. Explain any one method for linearization of non-linear system with BTL 4 Analyze example. (13) 14. The flow rates F1.25 min after the changes in temperature begins (b) 3 min after the changes in temperature begins 2. A temperature having a time constant of 0.5 min is placed in a BTL 5 Evaluate temperature bath and after thermometer is placed in the temperature bath the temperature comes to equilibrium the temperature of the bath Ti increased linearly at the rate of 10 C/ min. (15) 4. Develop a jacketed coolers as a multi capacity process with BTL 6 Create appropriate block diagram. take necessary assumptions. Develop a continuous stirred tank reactor with cooling socket and BTL 6 Create explain the operation. (13) PART – C 1. (15) (a) 0. Explain storage-vessel control of continuous process.

Discuss integral windup and Anti reset windup. BTL 3 Apply 13. proportional. Justify your answer.CONTROL ACTIONS Characteristic of on-off. Define reset time. BTL 4 Analyze 15. Design an electronic ON-OFF controller.Reset windup – Practical forms of PID Controller. Point out the dead time with block diagram. 4. Define differential gap. BTL 2 Understand 12. PART – A Q. integral and derivative controllers – P+I. Derivative controls cannot be used alone. BTL 1 Remember 9. BTL 5 Evaluate 14. 10. Calculate the ri and rf values for an electronic P-controller with a BTL 3 Apply proportional gain 5. What is the need for integral action in P. Summarize the advantages and disadvantages of 2-position control. single speed floating. 20. Define neutral zone in ON-OFF controller. Develop the open loop response of an inverse response process when BTL 6 Create excited with unit step Input. BTL 1 Remember 11. when the temperature measured by a J-type thermocouple is equal to or greater than 250 0C. Why the minimum output of an electronic controller is 4 mA and not BTL 1 Remember 0 mA? 2. The sensitivity of the thermocouple is 40µV / 0C. Justify the need for auto/manual transfer in Industrial PID controller. I and D controller.P+D and P+I+D control modes – Electronic PID controller – Auto/manual transfer . Illustrate auto/manual transfer in controller. BTL 1 Remember PART – B . What is the importance of bias term in a controller? BTL 1 Remember 7. Identify two parameters of ON-OFF controller. BTL 3 Apply 3.I. BTL 2 Understand 6. BTL 2 Understand 19. Write the advantages of I and D control actions. which provides an output BTL 6 Create of 5 V. Analyze why derivative mode of control is not recommended for a BTL 4 Analyze noisy process? 18. BTL 4 Analyze 16. Why is it introduced in a process? BTL 2 Understand 8. BTL 5 Evaluate 17. UNIT II . Otherwise the controller output should be 0 V. Examine about single speed floating control. Compare P. controller BTL 1 Remember 5.No Questions BT Competence Level 1. Also draw the circuit diagram.

PI. (13) . (13) 9. PI. Find the response of P.1%/% sec. The controller offset is 25%. (7) (ii) Enumerate the characteristics of ON-OFF control. (i) Explain about single speed floating control in detail. (5) 7. integral gain is 0. (i) Obtain the response of P. (7) 5. (7) (ii) How to avoid bumbles transfer and reset windup? (6) BTL 4 Analyze 4. (6) 2. PD. KI = 0.1 sec-1 and derivative gain is 0.5t.5 sec and PI(0) = BTL 1 Remember 20%. (6) BTL 1 Remember 6. Evaluate the controller output after 10 seconds. (5) (ii) A PI controller has proportional band of 20% and integral time of BTL 5 Evaluate 10 seconds.1. For a constant error of 5%. (i) Discuss about the characteristics of on-off control and the effect BTL 2 Understand of differential gap of ON-OFF controller.7sec-1. I. KI = 1%/% sec-1. (i) With a neat block diagram. Given KP = 2 %/%. A PID controller has KP = 5.1 sec. D. KD = 0. (i) A PID controller has a constant input of 1 V. (7) (ii) Illustrate the need and benefit of each component of composite PID controller. (8) (ii) Explain why derivative and integral control is not separately BTL 2 Understand recommended for any application. Find the output of the controller for the first 10 secs and sketch its response. (6) BTL 4 Analyze (ii) Describe the working of P+I+D pneumatic controller with neat BTL 1 Remember sketch. Plot the controller output for an error input as shown in fig. (i) Discriminate when an on-off controller is recommended? How its BTL 5 Apply performance affected by process dead time. PID controllers for the following BTL 4 Analyze ramp input r(t) = 0. explain the functioning of a BTL 4 Analyze pneumatic PD controller. KD = 0. (6) 3. (8) 8. (7) (ii) Describe about pneumatic controller to realize proportional and BTL 2 Understand integral control action. The proportional BTL 4 Analyze gain is 2. (i) Discuss the factors involved in the selection of parameters of BTL 2 Understand ON/OFF controller.PID controller for a step change in BTL 3 Apply input.

(7) (ii) Describe electronic controller to realize Proportional and Integral BTL 2 Understand control actions with neat sketch. (13) 12. Explain the basic hardware components of process control system. (6) 14. I and D controllers available BTL 3 Apply commercially. (6) 13. (15) 3. Plot the BTL 1 Remember controller output for an error input as shown in figure. Explain the representation of feedback controller for various BTL 5 Evaluate processes. (i) Design an electronic PI controller with PB = 50% and Ti = BTL 6 Create 0. A PI controller has KP = 5. PID controller BTL 1 Remember modes. (15) BTL 6 Create 2.5min. Compare the practical forms of P. (13) PART – C 1.10. Develop an electronic PI controller with proportional gain = 10 and BTL 6 Create integral gain = 0. BTL 5 Evaluate (15) . PD. KI = 1sec-1 and PI(0) = 20%. Develop a pneumatic PI controller and explain its functions. BTL 6 Create (7) (ii) Discuss the reset windup problem and explain any one scheme BTL 2 Understand to avoid the same. (i) Design an electronic PI controller with PB=50% and Ti=0. Describe the electronic circuit for realizing the P. (13) 11.1 s-1 (15) 4.5min.

BTL 1 Remember 14. Define Control Valve sizing. BTL 2 Understand PART – B 1. What is range ability of a control valves? BTL 1 Remember 3. Give the functions of an actuator and list different types of actuators. What is an electric actuator? BTL 1 Remember 17. BTL 2 Understand 2. Why installed characteristics of a control valve is different from BTL 4 Analyze inherent characteristics? 10. Point out the function of control valve in a flow control system. BTL 2 Understand 13. BTL 5 Evaluate 7.No.Pneumatic and electric actuators – Valve Positioner – Control Valves – Characteristicof Control Valves:. PART – A Q. Compare pneumatic and electric actuators. A valve with a Cv rating of 4. State the characteristics of control valve. Differentiate flashing and cavitation in a control valve. BTL 1 Remember 12. UNIT III . at a differential pressure of 6 PSI. Questions BT Competence Level 1. BTL 1 Remember 19. BTL 3 Apply 5. Design the size coefficient of a fully open 3 inch valve has flow rate BTL 6 Create of water is 150gpm. Brief the role of I/P converter. 20. Classify the different types of process parameters to be considered in BTL 3 Apply selection of control valves. Analyze why equal percentage valve is mostly used in process BTL 4 Analyze industries? 9.Inherent and Installed characteristics – Modeling of pneumatic control valve – Valvebody:-Commercial valve bodies – Control valve sizing – Cavitation and flashing – Selection criteria.0 is used to throttle the flow of glycerine BTL 6 Create for which G = 1. Why an equal percentage valve is called as “equal percentage” valve? BTL 1 Remember 16.26. 6. Mention the functions of valve positioner.FINAL CONTROL ELEMENTS I/P converter . 4. BTL 5 Evaluate 18. Mention the use of electrical actuators. Develop the maximum flow rate through the valve for a pressure drop of 100 psi. BTL 4 Analyze 15. BTL 2 Understand 8. Summarize the factors to be considered in control valve sizing. Discuss “quick opening” control valve. Draw the inherent valve characteristics of an equal percentage valve. BTL 3 Apply 11. (i) Explain the operation of spring actuator with positioner and BTL 4 Analyze .

(6) 2.5 cp. (i) Examine the principle and working of flapper nozzle BTL 1 Remember arrangement. (6) 9. Design a pneumatic actuated control valve with and without BTL 6 Create positioner and explain its working. (i) With the necessary diagram. (7) (ii) Describe the steps to be followed for control valve sizing. (13) 6.005. (7) (ii) With neat sketch explain the principle of Current to Pressure converter. explain the functioning of a valve BTL 4 Analyze positioner. (7) (ii) Describe the construction and working of a Solenoid. (i) What is the need for a valve positioner? (4) BTL 1 Remember (ii) List the factors that decide the lag in a pneumatic transmission BTL 1 Remember line. explain the characteristics of control BTL 4 Analyze valve. flow rate is 40 gpm. (6) . inside pipe diameter is 1. (13) 8. For a linear control valve installed in the flow system for handling BTL 5 Evaluate water at 50C. Elaborate the selection of BTL 3 Apply valves for different applications. Assume fanning friction factor as 0.5. valve coefficient is 3. (i) Describe the working of a pneumatic actuator with positioner. without positioner. (6) BTL 1 Remember 10. density of water is 62. total pressure drop is 50 psi. (4) (iii) Explain with neat sketches the construction and salient features BTL 2 Understand of butterfly and ball valves. (7) (ii) Explain the inherent and installed characteristics of valves. Evaluate the pressure drop across the valve and flow through wide open valve. (i) With a neat diagram. (i) Explain the basic types of valves.Discuss in detail about control BTL 2 Understand valve sizing. viscosity of water is 1. having the following data where pipe length is 50ft. (5) 3. What are the advantages of using the same? (7) (ii) Explain Cavitation in control valves. (6) 7. Describe sliding stem control valves . (13) 5.0 inch.4 lb/ft3. (7) BTL 1 Remember (ii) Explain flow-lift characteristics of a control valve and explain BTL 4 Analyze why the flow-lift characteristics of a control valve change after installation of the valve in a pipeline? (6) 4.

Determine the valve size. (i) A double seated valve is used in a system for liquid flowing at a BTL 3 Apply maximum rate of 10 gpm. (7) BTL 4 Analyze (ii) List the different types of valves that are commercially used and BTL 1 Remember explain any two in detail. (15) 2. (6) 12. (i) When are single seated and double seated valves used? List and BTL 2 Understand compare their advantages and disadvantages. Design a programmed adaptive control system with gain scheduling BTL 6 Create adaptive control unit as an example.11. Describe the working of an electric actuator with neat diagram. A A heating furnace requires a control valve passing 10 gpm preheaded BTL 5 Evaluate light fuel oil (sp.2 gpm at the smallest heating load.9 and viscosity 36.8) at full load and only 0.000 cp. The pressure differential at wide open is 20 psi. Obtain the valve size. (7) (ii) Write down the flow equation of an equal percentage valve and BTL 3 Apply sketch its characteristics. but there is 10 psi drop in the oil preheater and 20 psi drop at the furnace burner nozzles. (15) 4. (13) BTL 1 Remember PART – C 1. (15) 3. (6) 13. (i) Point out the factors involved in selection of control valve. (7) (ii) Describe about Flashing in control valves. The source pressure is constant at 50 psi gage. The drop across the valve is 1 psi. Explain commercial valve body having different types of valve with BTL 5 Evaluate appropriate diagram. Gr = 0. (6) BTL 1 Remember 14. Its specific gravity being 0. (15) . Design a black box model approach type adaptive control system BTL 6 Create with neat sketch.

Distinguish between Z-N and C-C methods of tuning. BTL 5 Evaluate 2.A BT Q. Write the tuning criteria for Damped Oscillation method. BTL 4 Analyze 15.B 1. BTL 1 Remember 9.Process reaction curve method. (7) BTL 2 Understand (ii) Explain the basis of selection of type of controller for various . What are ITAE and when to go for it? BTL 1 Remember 4. BTL 1 Remember 5. Formulate the tuning criteria for continuous cycling method. Define Integral of Time weighted Absolute Error (ITAE) and Integral BTL 1 Remember of Square Error (ISE). BTL 4 Analyze PART . BTL 1 Remember 3. PART . UNIT IV . 19. Point out the satisfactory control for temperature process.CONTROLLER TUNING Evaluation criteria – IAE. BTL 1 Remember 7. BTL 6 Create 6. BTL 2 Understand 8.Continuous cycling method and Damped oscillation method – Determination of optimum settings for mathematically described processes using time response and frequency response approaches –Auto tuning.No Questions Competence Level 1. BTL 2 Understand 10. ITAE and ¼ decay ratio . Point out the parameters required to design a best controller. Analyze the need for controller tuning. Give the precautions to take in applying the Z-N method. State the Zeigler Nichols closed loop tuning formula. Define ultimate gain and auto tuning. Give the satisfactory control for gas pressure process. Distinguish between IAE and ISE. BTL 3 Apply 14. What performance criterion should be used for the selection and BTL 3 Apply tuning of controllers? 12. Name any two performance criteria. Define One-quarter decay ratio. BTL 6 Create 20. 13. Why is it necessary to choose controller settings that satisfy both gain BTL 5 Evaluate margin and phase margin? Justify. ISE. BTL 2 Understand 18. Draw the Process reaction curve for first order system with transport BTL 3 Apply lag. Assess the use of evaluation criteria in controller tuning.Tuning:. 17. (i) Discuss in detail about damped oscillation method. BTL 2 Understand 11. Formulate the Cohen Coon controller settings for PID controller. BTL 4 Analyze 16.

Discuss the procedure for setting controller parameters by using BTL 1 Remember frequency response method. (13) 9. (6) 4. (6) (ii) Describe open loop transient response method of tuning. Find the optimum setting using process reaction curve for . (7) (ii) Write short notes on ISE and IAE. (6) 2. (i) How controllers are tuned based on frequency response methods? BTL 4 Analyze (7) 𝑒 −0. Design and describe the process reaction curve method of controller BTL 6 Create tuning with appropriate tuning criteria. (i) Illustrate the process of tuning feedback controller using process BTL 4 Analyze reaction curve method. Discuss the tuning procedure when mathematical model of the BTL 2 Understand process is available. (7) BTL 3 Apply (ii) Write short notes on time response method of controller tuning. Briefly explain the Zeigler-Nicholas closed loop method of controller BTL 5 Evaluate tuning. (i) What do mean by optimum controller setting? (5) BTL 3 Apply (ii) Given the transfer function of the system C(s)/U(s) =1/6s+1 with 5 sec transportation lag. (7) 8. (i) How is ITAE criterion different form IAE? (5) BTL 4 Analyze (ii) In an application of ZN method. (i) Examine ¼ decay ratio criteria with example. (6) 7. a process begins oscillation with a 30% proportional band in an 11. (i) Write short notes on selection of evaluation criteria. (7) BTL 1 Remember (ii) Explain the auto tuning method with block diagram. (8) 13.5𝑠 (ii) Give optimum controller settings for the model G(s) = 4𝑠+1 obtained by Reaction curve method. (13) 12. processes. (6) 5. (i) Enumerate Integral of Time weighted Absolute Error for a simple BTL 1 Remember system. Find the nominal three mode controller settings. (6) 3. (i) What are the drawbacks of process reaction curve method? How BTL 1 Remember to overcome it? (7) (ii) Describe controller tuning using continuous oscillation technique.5 min period. (13) 10. (6) 11. (13) 6.

(6) (ii) Discuss the procedure for setting controller parameters by using time response method. (7) PART – C 1. Sketch any four P&ID symbols of valves.MULTILOOP CONTROL Feed-forward control – Ratio control – Cascade control – Inferential control – Split-range andintroduction to multivariable control – Examples from distillation column and boiler systems – IMC– Model Predictive Control – Adaptive control – P&ID diagram. BTL 2 Understand 10. (15) 2. BTL 4 Analyze 11. BTL 1 Remember 7. (i) Suggest a method which is more accurate than continuous cycling BTL 2 Understand method and list out the reasons. BTL 5 Evaluate 5. (8) 14. How is the evaluation criteria selected for a particular application? BTL 6 Create (15) 4. BTL 2 Understand . Give an application example that needs ratio control. BTL 2 Understand 8. Design a PID controller using Auto tuning. (15) BTL 6 Create 3.No Questions BT Competence Level 1. Identify the input and output variables of distillation column. What is ratio control? Where is it needed? BTL 3 Apply 12. Explain how to determine the optimum setting for mathematically BTL 5 Evaluate described process. (15) UNIT V . Differentiate split-range control and selective control. BTL 3 Apply 13. Evaluate the procedure to tune the PID controller for a higher order BTL 5 Evaluate system. BTL 1 Remember 6. State the significance of the sizing of control valves. Develop the logic used for the implementation of ratio control. BTL 3 Apply 9. Give the advantages of cascade control over conventional control. BTL 6 Create 4. (1) P controller (2) PI controller (3) PID Controller. BTL 1 Remember 2. Give the advantages and disadvantages of cascade controller. PART – A Q. Draw the split range control block diagram. Discriminate the purpose of cascade control for heat exchangers. Define IMC controller and multi variable control. What is split-range control? BTL 1 Remember 3.

(6) 2. (7) BTL 1 Remember (ii) Describe an open loop controller which maintains the ratio of air and fuel in a boiler system. BTL 4 Analyze 16. Differentiate feedback and feedforward controllers. Explain the cascade control scheme with a typical example and also BTL 4 Analyze explain when to use cascade control? (13) 4. (i) Illustrate Model Predictive control scheme with an example. (5) 9. Give an application example that needs ratio control. (i) Demonstrate the concept of feed forward control with the aid of BTL 3 Apply block diagram. (9) (ii) Discuss the challenges involved in multivariable control. What is the need for inferential control? BTL 1 Remember PART – B 1. (5) . (6) 8. (i) Examine inferential control scheme with an example. (8) (ii) List the difficulties involved in controlling multivariable system from distillation column. (13) 7. (8) (ii) Compare feed-forward controller with feedback controller. Also bring out its merits and demerits. Explain the operation of adaptive control scheme with the help of a BTL 4 Analyze neat block diagram. BTL 5 Evaluate 18. (13) 3. (i) Discuss with necessary diagram a multi variable control process BTL 2 Understand using distillation column. (i) What is split range control? Explain a simple application. (6) 5. BTL 6 Create 20. BTL 2 Understand 19. (i) Examine the control schemes for top and bottom products in BTL 1 Remember binary distillation column. What is multivariable control? Explain the three element control in BTL 5 Evaluate Boilers. How to select secondary controller in a cascade control scheme? BTL 4 Analyze 17. Give the importance of P&ID diagram. What are decouplers? BTL 1 Remember 15.14. (4) 6. where BTL 1 Remember it is used? (7) (ii) Describe the implementation of ratio control for a blending process. Develop the structure of IMC. (7) BTL 3 Apply (ii) Examine the importance of Internal Model Control in process industries.

Explain relative gain array and the methodology to find relative gain BTL 5 Evaluate array. (7) (ii) Distillation column. Design a cascade control system for a distillation column and furnace BTL 6 Create process. The outer loop measurement lag is zero. (15) 4. (15) 3. (i) Explain the model reference adaptive control with neat sketch. (6) 14.5 sec. Design a temperature control model for batch reactor process. (13) 11. Describe the functions of IMC with block diagram. Assuming the lag to be zero and the outer process lag to be 5 sec. (13) 12. (15) BTL 6 Create . The inner process is approximated by a first order one having a lag of 2 sec in which loop measurement lag is 0. An oil furnace is controlled by cascade control system where the inner BTL 6 Create loop regulates the flow of oil. Compare the results with the case when the cascade control is not used. Draw and discuss the P&ID diagram of the following: BTL 2 Understand (i) Boiler. obtain the controller parameters for effectively controlling the process. (6) 13. (15) 2.10. (13) BTL 1 Remember PART – C 1.(7) BTL 4 Analyze (ii) Order the hierarchal level of control in detail with their functions and interfaces. What are the main advantages and disadvantages of combining two BTL 2 Understand controllers in series? For what kind of processes can you employ that? Explain with neat sketch. Explain self-tuning regulator and develop a rolling mill system with a BTL 5 Evaluate self-tuning regulator.