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AN EXAMPLE OF ELEMENT BIRTH AND
DEATH IN MECHANICAL
Problem/Description:
Element birth and death allows one to deactivate selected elements for certain load step and bring them
back to live for subsequent step. This feature can be useful for simulations with sequential/staged
process in many different industries. For example, in simulation with welding or annealing process, one
can deactivate a part of the model at certain temperature to simulate stress free status, i.e., the selected
elements lose strength capability for the step. When temperature starts to change, the part can be
activated again from stress free status and start to have thermal or elastic stress from that changed
temperature.

In this solution, a simple numerical example of two parts glued by a dummy adhesive material is
presented to demonstrated the usage of element birth and death in ANSYS Mechanical.

Solution:
As shown in Figure1, two parts with structural steel material are connected by a slim part with adhesive
material. Two bonded connections are created between the surfaces of structural steel and the surfaces
of adhesive material part. Left end face of the bottom structural steel part is with fix support and the right
end face of the upper structural steel is fixed for transition degree of freedom (DOF) but free for rotation.

The simulation is a three-step modeling. For first step, temperature is constant and the adhesive material
is not activated; for second step, temperature is elevated and the adhesive material remains inactive; for
the third step, temperature starts to decrease from the peak value to room temperature and the adhesive
material is activated to start to bear load.

 Killed for step 1 and step 2
 Alive for step 3

Figure 1: Two parts connected by adhesive material