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Oracle Hyperion Financial Management Beginner’s Guide
Part I

Provided By: BISP Created By: Rupam Majumdar Amit Sharma BISP Team

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Problem and Challenges

Many finance executives face the daunting task of consolidating their
company’s financial and operating results using spreadsheets that are difficult to
maintain and audit. Some are encumbered with custom reporting solutions that
don’t scale or address global requirements, while others are dependent on general
ledger-based approaches that can’t pull data from numerous transactional systems
without significant IT support. What is needed is a single version of the truth-one
view of financial and operational results integrated from multiple systems -
without delays.


PLAN + Powerful FEATURES + Design Considerations + Reporting Tools =

Ø Less confusion Less time

Ø Shorter closes and Transforms data into usable information

Ø Viable WEB delivery mechanisms

Ø Process management for tight control of the review and approval process

Ø Data Validation

Ø Currency translation to support multiple local currencies.

Ø Automatic elimination for intercompany data and transactions.

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Hyperion Financial Management

“Financial Management is a comprehensive, Web-Based application that enables

you to manage enterprise financial information quickly and cost effectively.
Financial Management delivers global data collection, financial consolidation,
reporting and analysis in single highly scalable solutions.”

HFM excels at:

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Complex Organizational Consolidation

• Multiple Transactional Currencies

• Intercompany Transactions

• Minority Interest

• Maintaining Historical Representation of Data

• Ability to handle Journals

• Full Audit Trails –

– Data & End User Actions

• External Reporting to Stakeholders

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Product Architecture

Financial Management uses a multitier architecture that includes a client tier, an

application tier, and a database tier.
The client tier contains the user interface. It communicates with the application
tier. The primary function of the client tier is to display, enter, and maintain data
and to maintain metadata.
The application tier contains the application, the report, and Web servers. The
Web server enables you to access the Web-based portions of Financial
Management. The application server contains the financial intelligence and
connections to the relational database and OLAP engine. It also contains Architect
for managing metadata.
The data tier contains the relational databases for Financial Management
metadata and source data.

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Financial Management Overview

Financial Management is a powerful application that enables you to manage

enterprise financial information quickly and cost effectively. You follow a typical
task flow for a monthly financial cycle.

Load and add data To add data to your application by loading it from a file
and by using data forms.
Calculate After enter data, you can run calculation rules to
populate calculated accounts.
Adjust data After you calculate data, you can adjust the data by
using journals that provide an audit trail of your
Translate and After data for individual business units is entered and
consolidate data adjusted, you can translate and consolidate the data.

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Approve data After data is consolidated, you can submit the data for
review and approval.
Lock data After you receive the approval for the submitted data,
you can lock the data to prevent further modifications.
Run and publish You can run reports against the approved data.
financial reports

With Financial Management we can able to

Ø Conduct in-depth analysis of key performance and operational metrics.

Ø Reduce consolidation and reporting cycle by days or weeks.

Ø Deliver accurate and timely reports to both internal management and external
regulatory bodies.

Ø Discover sources of profitability and cash flow at the company, product, brand,
and customer levels.

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Financial Management Components

Financial Management integrates application creation and management in a

centralized administration environment.

Ø Single sign-on—Users log on once to Workspace to access Architect, Financial

Management, and the reporting tools.
Ø Single console for application management and creation—Users create,
manage, and deploy applications from Architect. These applications are opened
in Financial Management for data retrieval and data output.
Ø Centralized repository of key dimensional elements for different products.
Ø Centralized console for controlling data flow between applications.

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Financial Consolidation, Reporting & Analysis

Financial Management enables highly efficient collection and consolidation of data

from diverse sources. It includes these features:

• Process management for tight control of the review and approval process.
• Data validation.
• Currency translation to support multiple local currencies.
• Automatic eliminations for intercompany transactions.

Financial Management is designed for large-scale, centralized Web deployment.

You can use Financial Management to consolidate data from diverse general
ledger systems and locations around the globe.

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SEC – The U.S. Reporting Standard


Ø Does not replace framework requirements

Ø Focus on areas of highest risk of material misstatement to financial


Ø Management flexibility to tailor evaluation process to specific facts and


Ø Provides guidance on supporting the assessment

Ø Provides framework for evaluating deficiencies

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10K- 10Q

The 10-K explains the company's business activities for the most recent twelve-
month operating period. The 10-K, which is required to be filed with the Securities
and Exchange Commission (SEC) within 90 days of the company's fiscal year end,
typically contains more detail than an annual report, such as more thorough
operating and financial statistics, information on legal proceedings, and
management compensation.

Form 100Qs a quarterly version of the 10-K; however, it is less detailed and
generally unaudited. The SEC requires publicly traded companies to file form 10-
Q within 45 days of the end of each quarter, except the final quarter, in which the
10-K is filed.

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Financial Management Dimensions

Dimensions describe an organization’s data and usually contain groups of related
Examples of dimensions are Account, Entity, and Period. Financial Management
supplies eight system-defined dimensions and enables you to populate up to four
custom dimensions that you can apply to accounts. Dimension members are
arranged in hierarchies. Upper-level members are called parent members, and a
member immediately below a parent member is referred to as the child of a parent
member. All members below a parent are referred to as descendants. The bottom-
level hierarchy members are called base-level-members.

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Scenario Dimension
The Scenario dimension represents a set of data, such as Budget, Actual, or
Forecast. For example, the Actual scenario can contain data from a general ledger,
reflecting past and current business operations. The Budget scenario can contain
data that reflects the targeted business operations. The Forecast scenario typically
contains data that corresponds to predictions for upcoming periods. A Legal
scenario can contain data calculated according to legal GAAP format and rules. You
can define any number of scenarios for an application and define attributes for
Scenario dimension members, such as the default frequency, the default view, and
zero data settings.

Year Dimension
The Year dimension represents the fiscal or calendar year for data. An application
can contain data for more than one year. You specify a year range when you create
the application and select a year from the Year dimension to process data.

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Period Dimension
The Period dimension represents time periods, such as quarters and months. It
contains time periods and frequencies by displaying the time periods in a
hierarchy. For example, if the Actual scenario maintains data on a monthly basis,
generally 12 periods of data are available for this scenario in a year. Financial
Management supports years, months, and weeks for the period dimension. It does
not support days for the dimension.

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Entity Dimension
The Entity dimension represents the organizational structure of the company, such
as the management and legal reporting structures. Entities can represent divisions,
subsidiaries, plants, regions, countries, legal entities, business units, departments,
or any organizational unit. You can define any number of entities. The Entity
dimension is the consolidation dimension of the system. Hierarchies in the Entity
dimension reflect various consolidated views of the data. Various hierarchies can
correspond to geographic consolidation, legal consolidation, or consolidation by
activity. All relationships among individual member components that exist in an
organization are stored and maintained in this dimension. Entities in an
organization are dependent, base, or parent entities. Dependent entities are owned
by other entities in the organization. Base entities are at the bottom of the
organization structure and do not own other entities. Parent entities contain one or
more dependents that report directly to them. You define attributes for Entity
dimension members, such as the default currency and security class, and to
specify whether the entity allows adjustments and stores intercompany detail.
Financial Management Dimensions.

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Value Dimension
The Value dimension represents the different types of values stored in your
application, and can include the input currency, parent currency, adjustments, and
consolidation detail such as proportion, elimination, and contribution detail. For
example, the Entity Currency member stores the value for an entity in its local
currency. The Parent Currency member stores the value for an entity translated
the currency of its parent entity.

Account Dimension
The Account dimension represents a hierarchy of natural accounts. Accounts store
financial data for entities and scenarios in an application. Each account has a type,
such as Revenue or Expense that defines its accounting behavior.
You define attributes for Account dimension members, such as the account type,
the number of decimal places to display, and whether the account is a calculated,
consolidated, or intercompany partner account.

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Intercompany Dimension
The Intercompany dimension represents all intercompany balances that exist for
an account. This is a reserved dimension that is used in combination with the
Account dimension and any custom dimension. Financial Management can track
and eliminate intercompany transaction details across accounts and entities. You
can also run intercompany matching reports to view intercompany transactions.

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View Dimension
The View dimension represents various modes of calendar intelligence; for
example, Periodic, Year-to-Date, and Quarter-to-Date frequencies. If you set the
view to Periodic, the values for each month are displayed. If you set the view to
Year-to-Date or Quarter-to-Date, the cumulative values for the year or quarter are

Custom Dimensions
Four custom dimensions are available for analysis of detailed data. You can use
custom dimensions to store additional details associated with accounts, such as
products, markets, channels, balance sheet movement, or types of elimination. For
example, custom dimensions could include Product Line, Region, Channel, or

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You create metadata for applications by defining dimensions. Dimensions
describe your organization’s data. Examples of dimensions are Account, Entity,
and Period. The elements that comprise a dimension are called members. For
example, GrossMargin and TotalRevenues are members of the Account

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Dimension Hierarchies
Members of a dimension are arranged in hierarchies. Upper-level members are
called parent members, and a member immediately below a parent member is
referred to as its child. All members below a parent are referred to as descendants.
The bottom-level members of the hierarchy are called base-level members. The
illustration in the slide shows a part of the dimension hierarchy of the Account
dimension. In this hierarchy, the Total Revenues member is a child of Gross
Margin. Sales, Other Revenues, Salaries, Total Revenues, and Total Costs are
descendants of Gross Margin. Sales, Other Revenues, and Salaries are base-level

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Dimensions and Data
Data is typically entered into base-level members of dimensions and not into
parent members. Values for parent-level members are aggregated from the
children of the parent-level members. In some cases, data for base-level members
is calculated. For example, the Salaries account member might be a base-level
member whose value is calculated based on head count and salary rate. In the
illustration in the slide, the data values from the base-level members are rolled up
to the parent-level members—Total Revenues and Total Costs. Data values from
Total Revenues and Total Costs are then rolled up to their parent, Gross Margin.

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Financial Consolidation

Consolidation is the period–end process of combining the financial results of

separate subsidiaries with the parent company to form a single, combined
statement of financial results.

Consolidation is the process of gathering data from descendants and aggregating

the data to parent entities. Consolidation applying only to Entity dimension.

After loading or entering data into base level entities we run a consolidation for a
selected scenario or period to aggregate data throughout the organization.

Steps to perform consolidation

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Before Consolidate

After Consolidate

When you consolidate an entity, the processes are required for the descendants of
the entity run automatically.

• Calculation rules are run for all descendants of the entity for the period
being consolidate and for all prior periods

• If the data for the children & parent entities are in different currencies the
data is translated based on the exchange rate.

• Intercompany transactions between entities are eliminated at their first

common parent.

• Data is consolidated from base level entities to parent entities.

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The financial close process is important to a company as it is the function directly

related to producing company financial results for each period end. Restricting
access to accounting and reporting applications and establishing clear write-off and
reserve policies are examples of financial close process controls. These controls can
be preventive or detective in nature.

Financial Close Management

Streamline the process of Fast Closing
• Analysis of process closing (Closing Fast)
• Monitoring Process
• Calendar of activities
• Single Task List
• Automatic Workflow
• Ensuring Compliance
• Email and calendaring

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(E.g. Outlook)

FCM: different visions of the process

Process Monitoring
•Illustrate the current status of all process in a simple and intuitive Dashboards
and reporting the ad-hoc offer a complete and immediate understanding in real
time closing process
• Automatically update the states tasks assigned to the process
• Highlights that the tasks are risk or delay
• Encourage users to improve closing process

Active Financial Close Calendar

• Detail all the tasks necessary the closure process accountant
• Provides multiple views of workflow process
Task list
• Customizable for each user
Task Management
• Assignment of tasks in most types of function of different processes Milestone
• Access and use for each user
• Integrates with tasklist systems EPM and EBS (eg AR sub ledger close to GL)
• Enables automation of processes complex
• Supports management hierarchies processes, dependencies and associations
• Activities can be incorporated Systems email / calendar (MS Outlook, others)

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