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Consumer Products Made with Industrial Biotechnology

Consumer Old Manufacturing New Industrial Biotech


Climate Benefits Consumer Benefit
Product Process Process

Bread Potassium bromate, a Genetically enhanced • Reduces CO2 • High-quality bread


suspected cancer-causing microorganisms produces emissions in grain • Longer shelf life
agent at certain levels, baking enzymes to production, milling • Eliminates
added as a preservative • Enhance rising and baking and suspected
and a dough strengthening • Strengthen dough transportation carcinogen
agent • Prolong freshness potassium
bromate

Vitamin B2 Toxic chemicals, such as Genetically enhanced microbe • Up to 33% • Greatly reduces
aniline, used in a nine step developed for one-step reduction in energy hazardous waste
chemical synthesis process fermentation process, using use generation and
(hazardous waste vegetable oil as a feedstock • 25% to 33% disposal
generated) and sugar as nutrient reduction in CO2
emissions

Personal Care Chemical ingredients such Genetically enhanced microbe • 20% reduction of • High purity
as propylene glycol and produces 1,3 propanediol greenhouse gas • Environmentally
butylenes glycol from from renewable feedstocks, emissions compared sustainable and
petroleum used as solvents which can function as a to petroleum PDO renewable process
to mix ingredients solvent, humectant, emollient • Non-irritating for
or hand-feel modifier sensitive skin
• Enhanced clarity

Cosmetics Mineral oil and petroleum Metathesis chemistry applied • Reduction of • Smoother, less
jelly from fossil sources to convert renewable process greasy feel
used as ingredients vegetable oils to replacement temperatures • Semi-occlusive
ingredients • Low toxicity film former
products and • Enhanced hair-
byproducts care properties
Consumer Old Manufacturing New Industrial Biotech
Climate Benefits Consumer Benefit
Product Process Process

Detergent Phosphates added as a Microbes or fungi genetically • Elimination of water • Brighter, cleaner
brightening and cleaning enhanced to produce biotech pollution due to clothes with lower
agent enzymes, which are added as phosphates wash temperature
brightening and cleaning • Energy savings
agents
• Protease enzymes
remove protein stains
• Lipases remove grease
• Amylases remove starch

Textiles New cotton textiles Use of biotech cellulose • 25% reduction in New fabrics have
prepared with chlorine or enzymes to produce greenhouse gases • lower impact on
chemical peroxide bleach peroxides • 25% reduction in the environment
• allows low-temperature non-renewable • better dyeing
bleaching of textiles, at energy use results
65°C, and • a permanent soft
• at a neutral pH range and bulky handle

Paper Wood chips are boiled in a Wood bleaching enzymes • Reduces use of • Cost savings from
harsh chemical solution to produced by genetically chlorine bleach and lower energy and
yield pulp for paper making enhanced microbes to dioxins in the chemical use
selectively degrade lignin and environment
to break down wood cell walls
during pulping

Diapers Woven fabric coverings Bacillus microbe ferments • 50 to 70 % • Biodegradable.


made from petroleum- corn sugar to lactic acid, reduction in CO2 • End of life options
based polyesters which is heated to create a emissions include
biodegradable polymer for composting,
woven fabrics rather than
landfills
Consumer Old Manufacturing New Industrial Biotech
Climate Benefits Consumer Benefit
Product Process Process

Carpet Nylon fibers made from Genetically enhanced microbe • 20% reduction of Fibers have
petroleum in a chemical produces 1,3 propanediol, greenhouse gas • durability,
reaction which is a building block for emissions compared elasticity and
other polymers such as Nylon to petroleum PDO softness
• permanent stain
and ultraviolet ray
resistance

Furniture Polyurethane foam Polyols (such as Cargill’s • 60% reduction of • Comparable


produced from petroleum BiOH or Dow’s Renuva) non-renewable quality and
derived from soy and other energy properties to
renewable feedstocks are • 23% reduction in polyurethane
chemically mixed with other total energy foam
ingredients to create a demand
flexible foam

Polyesters Polyester, a synthetic Bacillus microbe ferments • 75% reduction of PLA polyester
polymer fiber, produced corn sugar to lactic acid, CO2, compared to • is biodegradable
chemically from petroleum which is heated to create a PET • does not harbor
feedstock biodegradable polymer (such • 90% reduction of body odor like
as NatureWorks’ Ingeo) CO2 equivalent other fibers
compared to Nylon • does not give off
6 toxic smoke if
burned

Stone Washed Open pit mining of pumice. Fabric washed with biotech • Less mining • Softer fabric
Jeans Fabric washed with crushed enzyme (cellulases) to fade • Reduced energy • Lower cost
pumice stone and/or acid and soften jeans or khakis consumption
Consumer Old Manufacturing New Industrial Biotech
Climate Benefits Consumer Benefit
Product Process Process

Synthetic Rubber Isoprene used in synthetic Genetically enhanced • Reduced use of • High purity and
rubber produced from microorganisms ferment petroleum low cost
petroleum BioIsoprene™ from sugars • Predictable raw
derived from renewable material cost and
resources. BioIsoprene™ availability
polymerized to synthetic
rubber and other elastomers

Biofuels Petroleum is cracked and Novel enzymes convert • 16% to 128% fewer • Reduced volatility
distilled into gasoline and starches and cellulose in greenhouse gas in raw material
byproducts, some of which biomass into sugars. emissions cost and
are flared into atmosphere Genetically enhanced • Cleaner burning: availability
microbes convert sugars to a 30% fewer tailpipe • The ethanol
growing range of alcohols emissions of industry created
and esters nitrogen oxides and 240,000 domestic
carbon monoxide jobs in 2008

Fuel Ethanol Acid hydrolysis of starch Enzymatic hydrolysis of • Reduces use of • Lower fuel prices:
starch and cellulose chemicals and Without ethanol,
energy, toxic gas prices would
byproducts increase 14.6% in
• Ethanol reduces the short term
tailpipe emissions of and 3.7% long
benzene, a known term
carcinogen

Plastic Films Polyethylene made from Chemical building blocks • 80% reduced use of • Comparable
natural gas liquids fermented from sugar. Heat fossil energy quality and
processing and mixing • Plastics can be fully properties to
converts ethanol to a biodegradable or petroleum-based
polyethylene recyclable polyethylene
Consumer Old Manufacturing New Industrial Biotech
Climate Benefits Consumer Benefit
Product Process Process

Food Serviceware Polystyrene products based Bacillus microbe ferments • 62% reduction in • Compostable
on petroleum corn sugar to lactic acid, GHG emissions serviceware
which is heated to create a • 51 % reduction eliminates
biodegradable polymer (such in non-renewable contamination
as NatureWorks’ Ingeo) energy usage of food waste
with petro-
based plastics

Beverage Polyester, a synthetic Bacillus microbe ferments • 59% reduction in • Enables


Packaging polymer fiber, produced corn sugar to lactic acid, GHG emissions feedstock
chemically from petroleum which is heated to create a • 47 % reduction recovery
feedstock biodegradable polymer (such in non-renewable (versus typical
as NatureWorks’ Ingeo) energy usage ‘downcycling’
that occurs with
existing PET-
based bottles)

Food Packaging Polypropylene made from Bacillus microbe ferments • reduced use of • Comparable
petroleum corn sugar to lactic acid, fossil energy quality and
which is heated to create a • Promotes long-term properties to
biodegradable polymer (such alternatives to litter petroleum-
as NatureWorks’ Ingeo) problems based
polypropylene

Plastic Containers Plastics (olefins and Naturally occurring microbial • 200% reduction in • Heat resistant
styrenics) used for eating process genetically enhanced greenhouse gases • Compatible with
utensils, beverage and food to produce • Reduces use of production
containers, and personal polyhydroxyalkanoates petroleum machinery, so no
care products made from (PHAs, such as Telles’ Mirel). • Biodegradable and increased cost
petroleum PHAs can also be grown in compostable
genetically engineered
switchgrass plants