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Distribution Automation Solution

Technical Proposal

Issue 2.0

Date 2013-10-09

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


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Technical Proposal Contents

Contents

1 Distribution Automation Overview ...................................................................................... 1


1.1 Distribution Automation Definition ........................................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Distribution Automation Values ............................................................................................................................. 2

2 Customer Requirements.......................................................................................................... 3
2.1 General Requirements ........................................................................................................................................... 3
2.2 Communications Network Requirements ............................................................................................................... 4
2.2.1 Distribution Automation Communications........................................................................................................... 4
2.2.2 Access Network .................................................................................................................................................. 4
2.2.3 Transport Network .............................................................................................................................................. 5
2.3 Environment Monitoring ....................................................................................................................................... 6
2.3.1 Functional Requirements .................................................................................................................................... 6
2.3.2 Deployment Requirements for Video Surveillance ............................................................................................... 7

3 Overall Solution Design.......................................................................................................... 8


3.1 Solution Description .............................................................................................................................................. 8
3.2 Design Principles................................................................................................................................................... 9
3.3 General View......................................................................................................................................................... 9
3.4 Functional Overview ............................................................................................................................................ 11

4 DA Master Station System Solution .................................................................................... 12


4.1 DA Master Station ................................................................................................................................................12
4.2 Hardware Platform of the DA Master Station ........................................................................................................13
4.2.1 Hardware Platform System ................................................................................................................................13
4.2.2 Data Collection Subsystem ................................................................................................................................14
4.2.3 DSCADA Subsystem .........................................................................................................................................15
4.2.4 Web Subsystem .................................................................................................................................................16

5 Network Solution ................................................................................................................... 18


5.1 Overall Communication Solution ..........................................................................................................................18
5.2 xPON Solution .....................................................................................................................................................19
5.2.1 Solution Architecture .........................................................................................................................................19
5.2.2 Network Design .................................................................................................................................................21
5.3 LTE Solution ........................................................................................................................................................27
5.3.1 Solution Architecture .........................................................................................................................................27

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5.3.2 Network Design .................................................................................................................................................28


5.4 Solution Highlights and Application Scenarios ......................................................................................................36
5.4.1 xPON Solution ..................................................................................................................................................36
5.4.2 LTE Solution .....................................................................................................................................................37

6 Environment Monitoring Solution ...................................................................................... 39


6.1 Business Analysis for DA Environment Monitoring ..............................................................................................39
6.2 Scheme Analysis for DA Environment Monitoring ................................................................................................39
6.3 DA Environment Monitoring Solution ..................................................................................................................41

7 Product Description ............................................................................................................... 49


7.1 xPON Product ......................................................................................................................................................49
7.1.1 SmartAX MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T ........................................................................................................49
7.1.2 SmartAX MA5621&MA5621A .........................................................................................................................53
7.2 LTE Product .........................................................................................................................................................56
7.2.1 eWBB2.2 eCNS600 ...........................................................................................................................................56
7.2.2 eWBB2.2 DBS3900...........................................................................................................................................60
7.2.3 eWBB2.2 CPE...................................................................................................................................................64
7.3 Switch ..................................................................................................................................................................67
7.3.1 S9700 series terabit routing switches ..................................................................................................................67
7.3.2 S5700 series gigabit enterprise switches .............................................................................................................70
7.4 Firewall ................................................................................................................................................................75
7.4.1 The USG2000/5100 series security gateway .......................................................................................................75
7.5 Network Management System ..............................................................................................................................78
7.5.1 iManager U2000 ODN Management System ......................................................................................................78
7.6 Server...................................................................................................................................................................86
7.6.1 Tecal RH5885 V2 Rack Server ...........................................................................................................................86
7.6.2 Tecal RH2485 V2 Rack Server ...........................................................................................................................91
7.7 Storage .................................................................................................................................................................96
7.7.1 OceanStor S5600T/S6800T................................................................................................................................96

A Appendix .............................................................................................................................. 100


A.1 Appendix 1: Typical Configurations ................................................................................................................... 100
A.1.1 Typical Configurations of a Master Station of the Distribution Automation System .......................................... 100
A.1.2 Typical Configurations of a Private Wireless LTE Network for Power Distribution .......................................... 103
A.1.3 Typical Configurations of an xPON Power Distribution Network ..................................................................... 103
A.2 Appendix 2: Item List ........................................................................................................................................ 105
A.3 Appendix 3: Typical Projects .............................................................................................................................. 105
A.3.1 DA Project in Zhoushan City........................................................................................................................... 105
A.3.2 DA Reconstruction Project in Qingdao City..................................................................................................... 107
A.3.3 DA Reconstruction Project in Zhuhai City ....................................................................................................... 109

B Acronyms and Abbreviations ............................................................................................ 112

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Technical Proposal 1 Distribution Automation Overview

1 Distribution Automation Overview

1.1 Distribution Automation Definition


Power Distribution
Power distribution is a phase between the power transmission and power
consumption. During power transmission, electric power is transmitted over a power
distribution network to user clusters. That is, the power distribution network is responsible for
distributing power in the electric power system.
A power distribution network features wide coverage, various technologies and
implementation methods, complex equipment location environments, and long-term and
difficult system construction. Gradually, distribution automation (DA) is introduced as a new
concept, intended to improve the control and management capabilities during power
distribution and finally to reduce line loss and meet users' power consumption experience
requirements.
A power distribution network consists of substation, power distribution station, distribution
transformer, secondary substation, lines of various levels, direct power distribution lines from
the power plant, lines to the user end, and power consuming equipment.

Distribution Automation
Based on electrical equipment and modern electronic, communications, computer, and
network technologies, DA integrates monitoring, protection, control, accounting, and work
management over the power supply department, increasing power supply quality, improving
user relationship, meeting various user requirements at more reasonable prices, and thereby
achieving economical power supply and better enterprise management.
DA is a huge, complex, comprehensive, and systematic system, including all functional data
flows and control related to the power distribution system of an electric power company. It
enhances cooperation between isolated power distribution grids, thereby optimizing the power
distribution system. This is also one of the main current smart grid theories. DA functions as
a whole for increasing power supply quality, improving service level, and reducing operating
costs.
In a broad sense, a DA system includes primary power distribution devices, secondary
collection and control devices, and management platform.
In a narrow sense, for protection, measurement, control, and communications device vendors,
the DA system is a secondary collection, control, and management system, including the

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power DA master station system (DMS), DA communications system, power distribution


smart terminal (xTU), other intelligent devices, and auxiliary systems.

1.2 Distribution Automation Values


Major Problems with Power Distribution Grids
 During the power distribution, the power voltage is low and large line loss occurs during
power transmission, which fail to meet energy-saving and environment-protection
requirements in the new era.
 The automation level is low, self-healing from a fault is weak, fault diagnosis is difficult,
and fault recovery time is long, which affect social production and result in poor power
consumption experience.
 As a key part of a smart grid, the DA project is intended to reduce power waste, increase
power supply quality, and improve power consumption experience. A mature DA
system will significantly increase power service capabilities.

Distribution Automation Values for the Power Distribution System


 Increases power supply reliability.
Optimizes the power flow trend structure, restricts the fault section, minimizes the power
failure range, and quickly provides feedbacks on fault information, which help reduce
patrol time, quicken fault recovery, and ensure reliable power supply.
 Improves user experience.
Increases the power quality, shortens the outage time, restricts the outage range, and
therefore brings better power consumption experience.
 Decreases fault costs.
Intelligent data collection and remote control allow for immediate fault feedback and
handling and thereby reduce the costs for manual fault checks.
 Enriches power types.
Smart Grid calls for small power supplies and distributed power access. DA prepares a
network basis for distributed power access to the power grid.
 Reduces power loss.
Power flow trend optimization helps restrict the fault range, balance trend allocation, and
reduce power loss.

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Technical Proposal 2 Customer Requirements

2 Customer Requirements

2.1 General Requirements


As the conflict between the fast growth in the power load and the current power grid
conditions becomes gradually sharper, real-time and intelligent monitoring over primary lines,
load, and line loss is required. Due to aged lines and non-standard power distribution grid
planning, line faults increase and fault fail to be located in time. In such a case, DA is required,
allowing for monitoring over primary distribution grids based on the supervisory control and
data acquisition (SCADA) system.
DA is intended to help improve power supply reliability, increase the power quality and power
grid operating efficiency, and meet customer requirements. It should be achieved with
different phases and steps based on local area power grid conditions.
A DA system needs to be constructed for power dispatching and production commanding on
the power distribution grid. It is responsible for monitoring and controlling the power
distribution grid, and achieving information exchange, sharing between related application
systems, and meeting comprehensive application requirements.
Construction of a power distribution communications network needs to be centered on
meeting requirements for power distribution grid automation, communications of the
marketing system, video surveillance system, and users. Its main part should be a private
network, and can be supplemented by a public network; its main communications should
be wired communications and can be supplemented by wireless communications.
The power distribution communications network can use a private network or public network.
The communication channels between the power distribution master station and the power
distribution sub-station form the backbone layer communications network. The
communication channels between the power distribution master station/sub-station and the
power distribution terminals form the access layer communications network.
 Generally, the backbone layer communications network should be an optical fiber
transmission network; when conditions are not met, it can be a combination of an optical
fiber network plus supplementary other types of private network communications. The
backbone layer communications network should provide alternative routing capability
and high survivability.
 The access layer communications network can be a combination of fiber private network
and other types of communications such as power line carrier (PLC) and wireless
communications. When using multiple communications types, the access layer
communications network needs to provide unified access, port specifications, and
management and provide Ethernet and standard serial communication ports.

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Video surveillance in DA: The video surveillance window of the camera needs to be
embedded in the SCADA interface and the interface needs to allow for remote control over
the camera. Electric power information needs to be added to the camera video
surveillance window. Upon the detection of alarms or key operations, video surveillance
automatically triggers corresponding actions including pointing the camera to the alarming
point direction, label the camera video for future queries, and starting video recording. Upon
an alarm, the SCADA needs to display real-time video window of cameras around the
alarming point, allowing the user to check the onsite conditions in real-time manner.

2.2 Communications Network Requirements


2.2.1 Distribution Automation Communications
A DA communications network is the nerve for the DA system, responsible for transferring
measurement and control information, feeding back fault status, and carrying various electric
power related services.
By access type, a DA communications network is classified to two types: wireless access
and wired access. Table 2-1 lists the wireless and wired access technologies.

Table 2-1 Classification by access media type

Classification Technology
Wired access Power line carrier (PLC)
Industry Ethernet
Field bus (RS232/485)
Audio private line (PCM)
Passive optical network (EPON/GPON)
Wireless access 230 MHz microwave dedicated communications
Public network GPRS/CDMA/EDGE
Wireless private network (LTE)

With rapid increase in the number of power distribution terminals and development of service
of metering and video surveillance, there are higher requirements on communications
capabilities. However, most power grid communications methods have bandwidth and rate
limits, which restrict DA construction and development of electric power functions.
Mature fiber and wireless private network communications technologies have gradually been
applied in power distribution communications networks.

2.2.2 Access Network


A distribution terminal communications access network, namely, the communications network
from the substation to the distribution terminal, should be constructed with various types of
communications methods: fiber private network, PLC, wireless public network, and wireless
private network.

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An electric power system involves various aspects and requests higher security. In this sense,
a DA communications network needs to meet more KPIs than other industry applications.
When convenient fiber cable layout conditions are available, prefer fiber private network
communications to construct the terminal communications access network. Prefer passive
optical network technologies. If fiber cable layout conditions are not met, for example, in old
cities with dense population, prefer a wireless private network such as the LTE technology.
Construction of a DA communications network has the following characteristics:
 Network reliability
The DA communications network should be reliable. An electric power system requests
24-hour constant monitoring and control over distribution terminals, quick fault locating
and self-healing, certain redundancy, and powerful protection against disasters, lightning,
and interference.
 Data transmission security
The control, measurement, indication services of DA in the electric power system
determine the secure operating of the entire power grid and personnel lives and
properties, for example, switch control and power energy measurement. The DA
communications network should prevent DA communications services from illegal
access.
 Real-time power services
Between terminals in an electric power system, highly real-time communication is
required between the power distribution master station and distribution terminals.
Therefore, the real-time performance of data services is a KPI for DA communications.
 Network device compatibility
A DA communications network consists of various network elements. Cooperation
between different communications standards, different NEs, and NEs from different
vendors is available only if the NEs are compatible with each other, and support various
NE combinations and service requirements.
 Flexibility of network planning
To meet various user requirements, the DA communications solution should be
applicable to the actual site environments and actual platform and provide rich access
types to support different combinations. To allow for possible future reconstruction or
upgrades, terminals should support flexible expansion and network structure
adjustments.
 Reasonability of operating costs
Select proper technologies and networking modes based on the actual project site
environments and customer requirements. With customer requirements met, minimize
the customer network operating costs and maintenance costs.

2.2.3 Transport Network


A power communications network is constructed to ensure the stable and secure operating of
an electric power system. The power communications network, secure and stabile control
system, and dispatching automation system are called the three pillars for ensuring stable and
secure operating of the electric power system. Therefore, the power communications network
must be very reliable.
During operating of an electric power system, massive data needs to be transported between
power distribution centers in different areas, for example, power distribution data needs to be
backed up remotely. Therefore, a highly reliable and future bandwidth-oriented backbone
transport network needs to be constructed.

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According to the existing bandwidth prediction methods, data service bandwidths are
predicted to have an integer multiple increase based on the key power grid development trend,
its time sequence, and historical power grid service bandwidth requirements. This is not
applicable to this DA solution and will not be detailed in this document).

2.3 Environment Monitoring


2.3.1 Functional Requirements
Environment monitoring includes video surveillance, humidity/temperature
surveillance, water level monitoring, and fog/smoke monitoring.
DA environment monitoring is mainly deployed at substations, middle voltage switching
stations, and distribution room that are important to DA. After interconnecting with the power
automation system and power secure system, it can achieve remote monitoring over power
devices and their environment and therefore improve the system management level.

Figure 2-1 Environment monitoring service requirements

Based on the DA service requirements, the following environment monitoring functions are
required:
 Real-time video monitoring and control: Monitors the site conditions and the device
operating status.
 Video recording: Displays, captures, stores, achieving, playbacks multiple videos of
selected cameras in each distribution room and middle voltage switching station. When a
sensor product reports an alarm, cameras can start their video recording function.
 Remote control: Remotely controls monitoring equipments devices (including cameras
and lights) at the station terminal. Turns on the lights immediately after an alarm is
generated, and triggers cameras to start video recording.
 Action with alarms: After an alarm is generated, triggers corresponding cameras or
camera presets if any so that video processing units or digital cameras in the power
distribution room and switching stations can automatically save and record videos;
transmits alarm information and related images, notifies of the alarming position and

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type on the geographic map; triggers other related devices, such as site lights and alerting
and ensures that the devices will automatically shut down after a preset time period;
triggers multiple cameras and other devices upon an alarm. The video processing unit
can perform self-check on and reports alarms upon a fault on intra-station cameras.
 Touring at a monitoring point: Provides automatic video touring at system monitoring
points; allows monitored objects to be specified as required, including videos in different
distribution rooms or middle voltage switching stations, different cameras in a same
distribution room or middle voltage switching station, and different camera presets of a
camera; allows the touring interval to be specified as required; supports automatic resets
of the cameras performing touring.
 Electronic map: The electronic map provides video browsing, device control, and alarm
display functions.
 Voice intercom: This function is mainly used to prevent misoperations, with monitoring
personnel or high-level engineers supervising the site operations.
 Onsite environment monitoring, including monitoring over temperature, humidity, water
leakage, smoke, and fog.

2.3.2 Deployment Requirements for Video Surveillance


Bidding for DA video surveillance is classified into separate bidding in a region or city and
unified bidding by a provincial company. For separate bidding, centralized deployment is
generally used. For unified bidding, distributed deployment is used.
Centralized deployment: The DA video surveillance platform is centrally deployed in a region
or city/county, and the surveillance peripheral units of distribution rooms or middle voltage
switching station are directly accessed to the system. Based on the conditions in region XX,
there are about 100 to 200 distribution rooms/middle voltage switching rooms. Assumed that
each distribution room/middle voltage switching station has three to four cameras, access of 0
to 3000 cameras are recommended in centralized deployment.
Distributed deployment: The DA video surveillance platform has a distributed structure
partitioned to different layers and different regions, and consists of the DA video and
environment monitoring provincial master station system, distribution room/middle voltage
switching station video and environment monitoring regional master station system, and
distribution room/middle voltage switching station video and environment monitoring
terminal system. In distributed deployment, access of more than 3000 cameras is
recommended.
Compared with centralized deployment, construction of a regional master station monitoring
subcenter is added in distributed deployment and therefore the system capacity is larger. The
following descriptions focus on the DA video surveillance monitoring platform and the DA
video monitoring terminals, where the DA video surveillance monitoring platform contains
the regional master station monitoring subcenter.

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Technical Proposal 3 Overall Solution Design

3 Overall Solution Design

3.1 Solution Description


Based on modern communications technologies, electronic technologies, computer
technologies, and network technologies, DA integrates distribution grid data, demand-side
data, real-time online data, offline data, distribution grid structure, and geographic map to
form a complete automatic system, therefore achieving secure and stable operating of the
power distribution system and modernizing real-time fault monitoring, in-time protection,
effective control, and proper demand-side system management.
DA is aimed to increase power supply reliability, power quality, service quality, technological
management level, maximize the company benefits, and therefore to achieve win-win on the
power supply side and the demand side.

Figure 3-1 DA system architecture

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3.2 Design Principles


 According to the system engineering design theories, the DA system is consistently
planned as a whole, with both centralized and distributed deployment used to ensure
sufficient data resource sharing and proper allocation of data and function settings (by
department such as power consumption or power distribution department, and by
geographic information). This finally helps improve the entire system performance,
prevent isolated island automation, and ensure data consistency with one unified power
grid description database, and maximize the benefits on investments.
 The software system and the hardware system use layered architectures to ensure system
maintainability, scalability, and applicability, prevent bottleneck effects, and ensure
adaptation to future distribution grid planning, proper stability, and future-orientation.
 The system design complies various international standards to ensure the system
openness and compatibility.
 All applications (subsystems) in a DA system need support from the geographic
information system. In this solution, a high-performance geographic information system
is used as the unified support platform for the entire system, instead of an independent
distribution grid geographic information system. This enables all subsystems of the DMS
including SCADA to be constructed based on the same geographic information platform
and to share non-graphic data, graphic data, and uniform map information.
 The system hardware uses redundancy designs including a dual-microcomputer,
dual-communications network, dual-power supply, dual-channel access designs. The
redundancy designs ensures automatically switching upon a fault and constantly reliable
system operating. The operating system and database meet CZ-level security, and the
system meets strict security requirements corresponding to different operating levels of
the system design.
 The layered and distributed system architecture allows functions of the DA system to be
implemented by phase and stage based on the actual power grid development and social
requirements, therefore providing high system flexibility and compatibility.

3.3 General View


Since a power distribution grid is allocated across different geographic places, its devices are
of various types, huge amount, and its network structure is complex, the DA solution uses a
vertically layered design to:
 Prevent information transmission bottleneck effects.
 Properly allocate functions on different layers, therefore reducing system complexity and
improving system reliability and entire performance.
 Ensure system maintainability and scalability to meet requirements for long-term system
development requirements.

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Figure 3-2 Solution overview

Master Station System Layer


The master station is the highest layer in the entire system, performs monitoring and control
over the power distribution grid, analyzes the operating status of the entire power distribution
grid, and therefore help coordinate power distribution sub-grids, achieve effective monitoring
and management of the entire power distribution grid, and ensure an optimal operating status
of the power distribution system. The master station is the core of the entire power
distribution grid monitoring and management system. As the man-machine
interchange window, it provides various functions such as graphic displays, system
maintenance, device management, reporting printing, and exchange with other systems, and
control and adjustments on controllable devices (including the power distribution
management system).

Communication Layer
The DA communication layer is the nerve of the DA system. Collection of power distribution
grid operating data, change of the grid operating status, and optimization of the power
distribution grid are all based on the communication layer. The communication layer consists
of the network layer and communication terminal layer.

Power Terminal Layer


The power terminal layer is the basic layer in the entire system. It collects, processes, and
monitors field information of column switch, ring main unit, pad mounted transformer, and
middle voltage switching station.

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3.4 Functional Overview


The DA system includes the platform support subsystem, SCADA subsystem, DA feeder
automation subsystem, distribution terminal units (xTU), DA communication subsystem,
master station hardware platform, and video surveillance subsystem.

Figure 3-3 Functional view

The DA system has the following external interfaces:


 Interface with the GIS system: It is used to exchange diagram element configuration,
device parameter settings, and information point table with the GIS system. It is an
IEC61968-compliant standard bus interface and complies with TPC/IP protocols.
 Interface with the DA MIS application system: It is used to exchange device parameter
settings, device status, outage alarm information with the MIS system. It is an
IEC61968-compliant standard bus interface and complies with TPC/IP protocols.
 Interface with the power marketing system: It is used to provide statistics information for
the power marketing system. It exchanges power consumption information, emergency
maintenance information, power distribution grid exceptions, and outage information. It
obtains power consumers' information from the power marketing system, which
functions as the data basis for incident reception analysis. It is an IEC61968-compliant
standard bus interface and complies with TPC/IP protocols.
 Interface with the dispatching EMS system: It imports the CIM/XML/SVG prime grid
model diagram of the EMS system. It is an IEC61968-compliant standard bus interface
and complies with TPC/IP protocols.

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Technical Proposal 4 DA Master Station System Solution

4 DA Master Station System Solution

4.1 DA Master Station


The DA master station can implement complete DSCADA functions and FA functions with
centralized deployment first and intelligent distributed deployment second. Cooperation
between the DA master station and the DA terminals enables fast removal of the faulty section
on the distribution grid and automatic power recovery. Interconnections between the DA
master station and the dispatching automation system, production management system, and
power grid GIS platform form a complete power distribution grid model. Based on the grid
model, various application functions can be implemented and comprehensive service can be
provided for production and dispatching on the distribution grid.
 Extended functions
The master station system interconnects the DA system and related application systems
through information exchange buses, integrates power distribution information, extends
service processes, enriches application functions of the DA system, supports
management over service such as power production, dispatching, operating, and
consumption, and assists in comprehensive analysis of the security and economic
indicators of the distribution grid and decision making. In addition, the exchanged data
format should comply with IEC 61970/61968 and device codes should be planned
consistently.
 Intelligent application functions
The master station extends its application function with the access of distributed
power/energy storage devices/micro-grid, runs countermeasures based on quick
simulation and prewarning analysis to achieve self-healing control over the distribution
grid, optimizes and improves power supply capabilities through the distribution grid to
achieve economical operating of the distribution grid, cooperates with other intelligent
application systems to achieve intelligent applications.

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Figure 4-1 DA master station system view

4.2 Hardware Platform of the DA Master Station


4.2.1 Hardware Platform System
Generally, the DA master station is located at the monitoring center of the power supply
company. The master station computer network uses the distributed LAN switching
technologies and redundancy configurations. It is equipped with devices such as the front-end
data collection server, DSCADA server, historical data server, high-level
application/management server, communication interface server, workstation, disk array, GPS,
and printer.
The system uses a client/server-based distributed network structure. It uses a standard,
networked, and function-distributed structure, provides high reliability and maintainability,
supports expansion of hardware and software, and supports extension of the system structure
and function upgrades. The system allows resources on each node of the network to be
optimized, network load to be balanced based on system scale and actual requirements, and
the system implementations to be completed in several stages.
Figure 4-2 shows the overall hardware system.

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Figure 4-2 Hardware structure of the DA master station

4.2.2 Data Collection Subsystem


Figure 4-3 Access-layer communication network

The DA master station supports both wireless and wired data access, which will be detailed in
chapter 5 "Network Solution." Generally, an isolation device, access router, and firewall are
required to ensure access reliability and security.
The data collection system is an important part of the system, responsible for communication
access, regulation resolution, and data processing. Figure 4-4 shows the system architecture of
the data collection platform.

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Figure 4-4 Data collection subsystem

Two data collection servers are configured for redundancy. The servers are monitored based
on the network, and support automatic and manual switching. Their automatic switching is
automatically controlled based on the system running status. Manual switching forces the
original duty server to the off-duty state and the original standby server to the duty state.

4.2.3 DSCADA Subsystem


Figure 4-5 DSCADA subsystem

The DSCADA system provides major SCADA functions and real-time database management
capabilities, including fast system startup, communication, monitoring, and management

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across computers, fault monitoring and switching, programmer access, system control printing,
data processing, and function recovery. In addition, a single node fault will not cause real-time
data loss and failure of major functions.
The database server is mainly used for management of commercial databases and storage of
static data such as historical data and power grid model. It needs to store massive data and
respond to database access requests from other nodes on the network.
The application server is used for deployment of customized processes on the workstation.
The disk array is configured to ensure security of data storage. The RAID technology is used
for dual-hard disk mirroring to prevent the server data loss due to a physical fault in a disk.
 The DSCADA server is mainly used to process various real-time data.
 The dispatcher workstation is for daily use by distribution and dispatching personnel. A
dual-screen workstation can be configured.
 The maintenance workstation is for daily maintenance by maintenance personnel.
 The reporting workstation is used for making and processing various reportings.
 The distribution and dispatching workstation is used by distribution and dispatching
personnel for dispatching management, including making the maintenance
plan, work-order ticket, and operation ticket.
 The core backbone switch is used on the system backbone network to achieve inter-node
effective communication.
 The hardware firewall is used to protect security of internet data access between secure
regional systems.

4.2.4 Web Subsystem


Figure 4-6 Web subsystem networking

To ensure web service reliability, key networking devices have redundancy designs:

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 Web server: Two servers are configured for redundancy or a cluster can be configured for
load sharing between several servers.
 Firewall: dual-plane networking
 LAN switch: dual-plane networking
Using the web browser on the client, users can check the real-time power grid operating
data released by the DA system, quasi-realtime data, pictures, reportings, curves, and
diagrams.
 The client is located in a WAN, for example, the customer office network or Internet.
Access of power service data requires agency of the web server.
 The client and the web server belong to different security zones and are isolated by a
firewall.
The web server functions as the agent for client-end service requests,
communicating with the production-zone DSCADA and application server to obtain the
power service data.
 The required security level in the production zone is very high. The network where
the web servers are located is isolated from the production zone through a physical
isolation device or firewall.

Physical Isolation Device/Firewall Functions


 Between the web server zone network and the production zone network
The physical isolation device is used for safety guard between the backbone network of
the zone 1 system (production zone) and the zone 3 communication server (web server
zone). If required, configure two devices.
 Between the web server and the WAN
The hardware firewall is used for interconnection between systems in the same security
zone. If required, configure two devices.

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5 Network Solution

5.1 Overall Communication Solution


The power distribution communication network is an important part of DA and is a basis for
smart grid. A smart power distribution communication network is expected to use economical
and advanced communication technologies to meet requirements in various smart power
distribution grid development stages. It should support flexible access of various types of
services and provide plug-and-play power communication. It provides information exchange
and communication channels for power consumers and distributed power. The distribution
grid communication mainly uses three technologies: optical communication, wireless
communication, and low-voltage PLC communication, and provides secure and reliable
communication measures for smart power distribution grid monitoring, control, and user
interaction.
Different types of services on the smart power distribution communication network have
different coverages and require different communication channels. Therefore, they need
special analysis attention and will function as basis for selecting a proper technology and
solution for the distribution communication network.

Figure 5-1 Solution overview

The communication network provides the communication highway between the DA devices
and the DA master station, and implements four remote functions: measurement, indication,
control, and remote adjustment. It mainly completes bidirectional DA data transfer.

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 Sending monitoring data upwards: sends the monitoring data from various monitoring
devices in the power infrastructures such as the ring main unit, switching station, and
column switch to the master station or sub-station system, in time.
 Delivering configuration data: Delivers the configuration data in the master station or
sub-station system to the various monitoring devices in the power infrastructures such as
the ring main unit, switching station, and column switch, in real-time manner.
The passive optical network (xPON) is the main optical communication technology
used, wherein EPON is the currently most mature, cost-effective, and widest-applied. The
LTE solution is the recommended wireless communication solution. Its flattened network
architecture helps simplify the distribution grid, reduce distribution grid management costs,
and reduce the network operating complexity. In addition, its high data transmission
performance and network capacity can significantly improve the performance of the access
layer communication system supporting the user information collection system and further
improve the intelligent capabilities of the distribution grid.

5.2 xPON Solution


5.2.1 Solution Architecture
Huawei's xPON solution supports Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD) for a variety of
network topologies such as single chain, ring, star, and daisy chain. xPON devices meet the
industry-level requirements for electric power systems. Specifically, xPON devices cover
concerns such as communication safety for power production (power distribution) and
reliability for information transfer. They have passed China's national admission test for the
electric power industry and met the national electric industry's all standards and requirements.
They have been certified by China's Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT),
European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), and Network Equipment-Building
System (NEBS).

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Figure 5-2 xPON communication topology for DA

Network devices for DA mainly consist of OLTs at the sub-station communication layer and
ODN devices as well as ONUs at the access communication layer.
 Sub-station communication layer
An OLT is installed at a power transformation sub-station. In the upstream direction, the
OLT is connected to the existing transport network on the live power communications
network. Meanwhile, the OLT has the capability for independently supporting ring
networks (RSTP/MSTP). When a link to a node fails, the OLT is able to switch over
services from the faulty link to another uplink rapidly. The OLT provides GE interfaces
and will provide 10GE interfaces for upstream transmission according to the
requirements for bandwidth.
 Access communication layer
The access communication layer mainly consists of ODN devices and ONUs. The ODN
is an optical distribution network between the OLT and ONUs, responsible for
transmitting monitoring data collected by ONUs from FTUs/RTUs/TTUs to the OLT at
the sub-station communication layer, or transmitting information about dispatching and
settings of sub-stations or the master station to FTUs/RTUs/TTUs through ONUs to
control these terminals. Optical splitters on the ODN are flexibly configured according to
hub-and-spoke, daisy chain, and ring topologies commonly used for power distribution
networks. Accordingly, different split ratios are available for different nodes. ONUs are
installed at switching stations, in ring main units, and on pole mounted switches for
collecting monitoring data from FTUs/RTUs/TTUs. An ONU provides two upstream
PON ports. When one PON port fails, the other port can take over quickly. The ONU
provides FE ports for downstream transmission.
Sufficient optical power budget must be available for a new network according to the
allowable attenuation for the path between the OLT and the ONU, ONU configurations,
actual conditions of the power distribution network, and future network expansion,
reconstruction, and upgrade. Therefore, the following must be considered for network
construction:

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 When the number of network nodes exceeds the number of ONUs and optical splitters,
the network should be split. New optical fiber cores are added to decrease the levels of
optical splitters and the path attenuation.
 Optical splitters are connected to optical fibers by soldering in most situations. The loose
joints should be reduced to a minimum to reduce possibility of damages to and faults on
links.
 Movable connectors can be used or an optical splitter can be pre-installed to provide
branch interfaces at locations with potential capacity expansion in the future.

5.2.2 Network Design


Design of the xPON Network Topology for Distribution Automation
A DA network is usually in hub-and-spoke, daisy chain, or ring topology. In a DA network,
the PON network topology, levels of optical splitters, and split ratios depend on the actual
network conditions.
Theoretically, the levels of optical splitters are not limited for a PON system. However, the
optical attenuation for each ONU must be less than 28 dB. Actually, the more the levels of
optical splitters, the less the trunk fibers used. However, coupling loss increases and the
network topology is more complicated meanwhile. Therefore, the network topology design
must be optimized based on optical fibers available. The following describes the three
common topologies.

Hub-and-Spoke
The hub-and-spoke topology is applicable to an optical fiber communication network for a
power distribution network whose main line adopts the single power source hub-and-spoke
topology. ONUs with two PON ports are used in the hub-and-spoke topology for collecting
information from terminals, and reserving space for changing the topology to daisy chain after
capacity expansion.
The optical power budget must be reserved when planning the network because the
topology will finally change to daisy chain in consideration of network expansion,
reconstruction, and upgrade in the future. At the preliminary stage, each PON port on an OLT
supports up to eight ONUs. When the topology finally changes to daisy chain, each PON port
on an OLT supports up to 12 ONUs.

Figure 5-3 Hub-and-spoke topology

Daisy Chain
The daisy chain topology is applicable to a communication network for a power distribution
network whose main line in the target region adopts the daisy chain topology. The

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communication network is of a double-chain topology, where two 1:2 uneven optical splitters
are used for each access point. Each ONU is connected to two OLTs at substations at both
ends of the line. Therefore, bi-directional dual-PON port protection and hot standby as well as
cold standby are available to ensure self-healing protection for the entire network. As a result,
the network is secure and reliable.
Certain optical power budget must be reserved because the topology may change in
consideration of network expansion, reconstruction, and upgrade in the future. Finally, each
PON port on an OLT can support up to 16 ONUs.

Figure 5-4 Daisy chain topology

Ring
The ring topology is applicable to a communication network for a power distribution
network whose main line is of a ring topology and communication network is also of a ring
topology. In a ring topology, an ONU is connected to different PON ports on the same
substation's OLT through optical fibers to ensure self-healing protection for the entire
network.

Figure 5-5 Ring topology

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Among the three topologies, the daisy chain has two OLTs, each at one substation, to connect
to each ONU and therefore offers bi-directional dual-PON port protection and hot standby
as well as cold standby to ensure self-healing protection for the entire network. As a result, the
network is secure and reliable. Therefore, daisy chain is highly recommended for a DA
network.

Reliability of the xPON Network for Distribution Automation


A communication system for DA must be secure, reliable, and capable of protecting services.
The PON technology provides a variety of link protection schemes. In such a scheme, when
an optical link fails, the data on the link can be switched over to another link to improve
system reliability. Type A, B, C, and D are four common protection modes for a PON
network.
 Type A: redundancy protection for trunk fibers
Active and standby optical fibers are used. When the active optical fiber fails, its
services will be switched over to the standby optical fiber manually. During the manual
switch over, the services are interrupted.

Figure 5-6 Redundancy protection for trunk fibers

 Type B: OLT's dual-PON port redundancy protection


When the trunk fiber fails, the services under the active PON port can be switched over
to the standby PON port automatically. However, this type of protection is unavailable
against faults on the ODN or ONUs.

Figure 5-7 OLT's dual-PON port redundancy protection

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 Type C: ONU's dual-PON port full protection


In this protection mode, the OLT's standby PON port is in the cold standby state, and the
ONU's standby optical module is also in the cold standby state.

Figure 5-8 ONU's dual-PON port full protection

 Type D: ONU's dual-PON port full protection 2


In this protection mode, the OLT's active and standby PON ports are in the working state,
and the ONU's active and standby optical modules are also in the working state.

Figure 5-9 ONU's dual-PON port full protection 2

Type C and D protection mechanisms ensure link reliability and are suitable for distribution
networks.
The optical distribution network (ODN) in an xPON network is passive. Therefore, the ODN
is highly secure because only physical faults can occur on the ODN. The OLT is usually
installed at a substation's communication equipment room in good conditions, so the OLT is
easy to maintain. ONUs are installed in different locations, some of which are in harsh
environments. So, the possibility of failure on ONUs is comparatively high. However, when
an ONU fails, only the terminals under the ONU are affected.
A communication system for DA covers a large number of terminals. That is, up to dozens of
terminals are connected to each PON port. This requires that a communication system is
capable of link protection and anti-single-point/multi-point failure. According to the preceding
xPON topologies, an ONU is connected to an optical splitter through a feeder fiber. When a

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feeder fiber or an ONU fails, only the communication of this feeder fiber or ONU is affected,
so the communication link is capable of anti-single-point/multi-point failure. Meanwhile, an
ONU is connected to different OLTs or an OLT's different service boards through dual PON
ports, which ensures link protection for the entire communication network.

Link Power Budget Calculation


Link power budget calculation is a key point for designing an ODN , which indicates whether
the link design is reasonable. The power budget range for a PON technology must be
considered first regardless of which PON technology is used. For example, the theoretical
power budget for GPON ranges from 13 dB to 28.5 dB. In a link deployment, the ODN's link
loss must be within this range, and otherwise the services cannot be normally transmitted on
the link. In an actual deployment, at least 1 dB margin must be reserved.
When calculating link power budget, consider adequately splice loss of various joints such as
soldered joints and loose joints, optical fiber loss, and loss of uneven optical splitters. Table
5-1 lists the criteria for link attenuation and the values of nominal parameters commonly used
in link power budget calculation.

Table 5-1 Values of nominal parameters for link power budget calculation

No. Parameter Type Condition Attenuation (dB)


1 Optical fiber (G.652D) 1310 nm (dB/km) 0.35
1490 nm (dB/km) 0.25
1550 nm (dB/km) 0.22
2 Connector Soldered joint 0.1
Adapter 0.2
Mechanical connector 0.3
3 Margin Distance < 5 km 1
Distance < 10 km 2
Distance < 20 km 3
Optical splitter insertion loss
Split ratio: 5/95 10/90 20/80 30/70 40/60
1:2 (uneven)
Insertion loss 14.3/0.5 11.1/0.7 7.9/1.35 6.0/2.0 4.7/2.7
(i/j)
Maximum 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
allowable
deviation
(dB)
Optical link classes and attenuation criteria for GPON and EPON
Link class GPON Class B+ GPON Class C+ EPON PX20 EPON PX20+

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Maximum link 28 31 26 28
attenuation (dB)

Minimum link 13 11 10 10
attenuation (dB)

The following describes how to calculate link power budget by taking a daisy chain topology
as an example. The link contains eight nodes from A to G. The distance between neighboring
nodes is K1 to K8 respectively. The worst value calculation method is used to analyze the
attenuation of each node at the optical link.

Figure 5-10 Daisy Chain

 From OLT1 to OLT2

Use the following formulas to calculate optical attenuation:


Optical attenuation of node A = K1 x 0.25 + Number of connection dots x 0.2 + Number of
soldered dots x 0.1 + I + Margin

Optical attenuation of node D = x 0.25 + Number of connection dots x 0.2


+ Number of soldered dots x 0.1 + (j x 3 + i) + Margin

Optical attenuation of node G = x 0.25 + Number of connection dots x 0.2


+ Number of soldered dots x 0.1 + (j x 6 + i) + Margin
 From OLT2 to OLT1

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Use the following formulas to calculate optical attenuation:

Optical attenuation of node A = x 0.25 + Number of connection dots x 0.2 +


Number of soldered dots x 0.1 + (j x 6 + i) + Margin

Optical attenuation of node D = x 0.25 + Number of connection dots x 0.2


+ Number of soldered dots x 0.1 + (j x 3 + i) + Margin

Optical attenuation of node G = K8 x 0.25 + Number of connection dots x 0.2 + Number of


soldered dots x 0.1 + I + Margin
After the optical attenuation of each node from both directions is calculated, ensure that
the worst value among these values meets the attenuation criteria for links at different classes.

5.3 LTE Solution


5.3.1 Solution Architecture
Huawei new-generation wireless broadband LTE system is an access system that is specially
developed for power industry business based on mature telecommunications wireless
broadband access technologies.
It uses Huawei's fourth-generation wireless base station hardware platform and an innovative
all-IP, flattened, highly integrated, and simplified architecture, and therefore significantly
improves the entire system performance and reliability. The new system adheres to the
national green, environment-protection, and energy-saving concept, and uses advanced power
amplification, heat dissipation, and noise reduction technologies to reduce power
consumption and environmental pollution. The system innovatively integrates technologies
such as OFDMA, HARQ, and MIMO, significantly increasing the frequency utilization and
therefore meeting requirements for large-capacity and high-bandwidth data capabilities.
In the distribution and consumption system, full coverage is a big challenge to the power
communication system due to factors such as dense buildings in cities and complex location
environments of the primary power devices. To handle this challenge, Huawei's

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new-generation wireless broadband access system integrates multiple technologies such as


MIMO, STC, CSM, and smart antennas. In addition, the new system provides a dedicated
QoS dynamic bandwidth allocation mechanism applicable to the power industry businesses.
This mechanism allocates bandwidth based on service priorities, ensuring transmission of
high-priority services (for example, relay protection and remote control services).
Huawei's new-generation wireless broadband access system provides full support to fixed,
portable, and mobile voice, video, and data services. It provides powerful wireless resource
management, network management, service management, security management, and terminal
management functions, and is especially applicable to large-scale and large-capacity
networking in the power industry. It supports various frequency bands. 1.8 GHz can be used
for the power industry. Wireless frequencies have obvious cost advantages and performance
strength. This system has high frequency utilization rate, supports co-frequency networking,
and features vast coverage, anti-multipath interference, and wireless broadband multi-service
convergence. It supports various types of services including coordination work, voice
communication, video surveillance, data collection, and emergency communication. It helps
power industry development, construction of private network, and meet customized
requirements.

Figure 5-11 LTE distribution automation solution

5.3.2 Network Design


The wireless DA solution generally consists of three layers: access communication layer,
sub-station communication layer, and master station control layer. The DA system master
station is deployed at a place such as the city mains power supply bureau. The wireless access
communication system is responsible for bidirectional data communication between the
secondary power devices such as FTU/DTU/TTU, master station, and sub-station. In actual
deployment, the base station can be located at the power supply bureau or the substation,
since they belong to the power company and can ensure transmission and power supply; the
CPEs are located at nearest places such the switching station or the ring main unit, and
provide FE interfaces or RS serial interfaces for connections to devices such as

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FTU/TTU/DTU according to IEC 60870-104 or 101, and therefore support bidirectional


transfer of collection and control data.

Figure 5-12 Network design procedure

LTE Base Station Planning Guidelines


 Site selection guidelines
To ensure long-term stable operating of base stations, select the site for the base station
equipment room based on communications network planning requirements,
communications technological requirements, and hydrological, geographical, and
transportation requirements. The general site selection guidelines are as follows:
− Avoid environments with high temperature, dust, toxic gases, explosive materials,
and unstable voltage.
− Avoid areas that are subject to earthquakes or loud noise.
− Select a site far away from industrial boilers and heating boilers.
− Select a site far away from high-power radio station, radar station, or other
interference sources, and ensure that the interference field strength is within the base
stations' specifications for shielding useless radiation.
− Select a site at least 3.7 kilometers away from the seaside or salt lakes. If this
situation is unavoidable, the equipment room should be airtight and equipped with air
conditioners. In addition, the salt-affected soil cannot be used as construction
materials. Otherwise, use devices that are protected against poor environment.

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− Select a site far away from pollution sources.


− At least 5 kilometers away from heavy pollution sources such as smelteries and
coal mines.
− At least 3.7 kilometers away from medium pollution sources such as chemical,
rubber, and galvanization industries.
− At least 2 kilometers away from light pollution sources such as packinghouses
and tanyards.
− If it is impossible to keep the equipment room away from pollution sources, the
equipment room should be constructed upwind of pollution sources.
− Keep the air vent of the telecom equipment away from exhausts of urban wastes, big
cesspools, and sewage treatment tanks. Keep the equipment in the positive pressure
state to prevent corrosive gases from damaging components and circuit boards inside
the equipment.
− Do not construct the equipment room either in a room for feeding poultry or in an
unused chemical fertilizer warehouse. Ensure that the equipment room is located
away from livestock farms. If this is impossible, keep the equipment room upwind of
the livestock farm.
− Select a site away from roadsides or quarries, where the air is dense with dust.
It is recommended that the equipment room be located on the second floor or higher. If
this is impossible, the site must be located at least 600 mm above the record flood level.
If the preceding requirements cannot be met, assess the base stations' adaptability to the
specific environment or add corresponding protection measures to ensure stable and
secure operating of the base stations.
 Network estimation
Network assessment includes simple analysis of a future network, estimates the network
size based on related input information, predicts the network construction scale
(approximate number of base stations, and base station configurations), and predicts the
network construction period, costs, and manpower consumption.
During network estimation, you need to first learn about key network information,
including target coverage areas, target continuous coverage service requirements, and
estimate the required services and bearers, service quality requirements, and propagation
model. The more comprehensive and accurate the information collected during network
estimation, the more accurate the network size predicted based on the collected
information.
 Coverage planning
Different coverage quality designs result in different network estimations. For a good
system, its link budgets should be correctly prepared early during the design phase. The
link budget refers to the allowed maximum propagation loss calculated in difference
scenarios with the same communication quality. The link budget helps compute the
corresponding cell radius. The link budget should allow a balance between backward
signals and forward signals to be achieved. Determine the number of base stations and
their layout based on the actual network conditions and geographic environments.
 Capacity planning
During capacity planning, you need to set up a proper traffic profile to describe users'
basic behaviors in a specific area. The traffic profile directly affects system resource
configurations and will finally affect the network construction costs. Different traffic
profiles need to be created for different types of services to reflect their resource
occupation data, since they have different characteristics. Plan the network capacity
configurations based on the traffic profile and the network capacity requirements.

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During network planning, to ensure high reliability of DA communication, coverage and


anti-interference insurance takes precedence over capacity insurance in the initial
network construction solution.
 Antenna design guidelines
− Antenna height:
The antenna height design should ensure proper coverage and interference control.
The average building height within the coverage area can be used as reference during
antenna height planning, and different antennas at a same base stations can have
different height due to installation space restrictions in certain directions or planning
requirements to meet coverage, isolation, diversity, and anti-interference
requirements in the certain areas.
− Antenna azimuth:
The antenna azimuth design should ensure even coverage over the entire network,
minimizing coverage space, minimizing coverage overlap, and avoiding complex
network planning due to later area splitting. The antenna azimuth is determined at the
pre-planning phase. During the site survey phase, adjust the azimuth of each sector
based on the obstacle information around the site to avoid signal propagation from
being blocked or affected due to the obstacles.
 Frequency planning
Proper frequency planning can improve network quality, reduce intra-system interference,
and provide users better network experience. The general frequency planning guidelines
are as follows:
Generally, frequency planning is conducted by cluster and area, to ensure similar
frequency reuse possibilities. During frequency planning, avoid opposite intra-frequency
sectors, which will cause severe signal interference in areas with overlapping coverage.
If multi-carrier capacity expansion is required on a network, the expansion can be
smooth only if it is considered during planning at the initial network construction phase.
 Link budget planning guidelines
The link budget calculation approximately calculates the allowed maximum space link
loss between base stations and terminals, namely, summing-up and deduction of a series
loss on the uplink and downlink between the base stations and terminals, gains, and
parameters. Determine the average base station sector coverage radius and area
according to the calculated maximum link loss value, the propagation model, and the
terrain type.
Based on the cell radius and the coverage range, you can calculate the minimum number
of base stations for meeting the coverage requirements according to the area formula. In
theory, an LTE system can cover a several-kilometers radius. However, in actual
application scenarios, factors such as the transmission rate and building blocking need to
be considered.

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Figure 5-13 Link budget planning flowchart

Figure 5-14 Downlink budget

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Figure 5-15 Uplink budget

Terminal Installation Design

Figure 5-16 Outdoor pole mounting

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Figure 5-17 Standalone outdoor ring main unit – preferred, CPE externally fixed on the pole

Figure 5-18 Standalone outdoor ring main unit – option 1 (preferred), CPE externally fixed on the
pole

Figure 5-19 Standalone outdoor ring main unit – option 2, embedded CPE, antenna externally
connected to the cabinet top

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Figure 5-20 Ring main unit on the first floor of a building – option 1 (preferred), CPE externally
fixed on the wall

Figure 5-21 Ring main unit on the first floor of a building – option 2, embedded CPE, antenna
externally fixed on the wall

Figure 5-22 Underground power distribution device – medium-/long-distance fiber extension to


the CPE above the ground, fixed at a proper location

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Figure 5-23 Underground power distribution device – short-distance fiber extension to the CPE
above the ground, fixed at a proper location

5.4 Solution Highlights and Application Scenarios


5.4.1 xPON Solution
Highlights
 Hand-in-hand standalone dual uplinks and zero service interruption
− Short delay, dual-feeding and selective receiving, and zero service interruption
 Highly reliable protection system
− Communication nodes have high reliable and secure software and hardware designs:
6 kV lightning-protection for power and communication interfaces.
− The main board uses the hardware watchdog and dual-BIOS design, IP55 dust-
and water-proof design, and triple churning encryption algorithm.
− Supports dynamic key exchange, update, and synchronization.
 Industry-level power-dedicated devices, applicable to complex deployment
environments.
− The devices pass tests by professional authentication institutes: China Electric Power
Research Institute, State Grid Electric Power Research Institute, Ministry of Industry
and Information Technology, European Telecommunications Standards Institute, and
North America NEBS.
 Quick terminal deployment, simplifying O&M procedure and lowering requirements for
personnel skills
− Supports ONU offline deployment and automatic delivery, which is simple and
effective
− ONU hardware can be installed at only one site visit, plug-and-play, and easy to
operate.
 ONU security

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− Downlink data encryption: Allows the downlink encryption to be enabled or disabled


and uses the triple churning.
− Supports dynamic key exchange, update, and synchronization.
− Supports anti-MAC spoofing. Supports dynamic binding of FE interfaces and MAC
addresses, and restricts the number of MAC addresses on each flow.
− IP address access list: allows the accessible address segment to be specified and
illegal IP addresses to be filtered out.
− Supports IP address filtering by ACL rules.
− Packet suppression: suppresses unknown unicast, broadcast, and multicast packets,
and filters source MAC addresses to ensure normal Layer 2 forwarding.
− Accurate locating: supports DHCP Option82 to report the physical location of the
user at a single time, and supports EPON-based MAC authentication.

Application Scenarios
 Policy guidance, for example, China State Grid promotes power distribution
communication networking with xPON used as the major technologies.
 Projects where conditions for optical cable layout are met, for example, when a new
power distribution grid is constructed or a large-scale city construction is in progress.
 Projects requiring high bandwidths, for example, when power data services are complex
or when the regional power distribution devices are densely located and a large amount
of data needs to be transmitted
 Projects not sensitive to costs, for example, regional or national pilot projects or
technical projects
 Wired communication is preferred for projects where terrains and climate conditions are
complex, since wireless communication has lower stability.
 Projects where some nodes are away from the sub-station (optical fiber long-distance
transmission)
 Projects which have high requirements on real-time communication, for example, digital
substation or access HD video surveillance system

5.4.2 LTE Solution


Highlights
 Distributed base stations and compact core network
− Distributed base stations are easy to install and deploy, therefore reducing network
construction and operating costs.
− The compact core network occupies small space and supports flexible site selection,
therefore reducing device O&M costs.
− Supports smooth evolution, protecting future LLT investments.
 Integrated O&M and intelligent O&M
− O&M costs: remote fault detection, device status display, and automatic network
O&M
− Reliability: risk prewarning, fast fault locating, and high security
 Professional lightning protection
− Full-scenario lightning protection: lightning protection is available for base stations
regardless of the building locations and building construction methods.

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− Full lightning protection: Lightning protection is available for the entire network,
from base stations to terminals.
− Mature device lightning protection: general lightning protection module, stable power
output, ensuring device safety
 End-to-end reliability insurance mechanism
− Service signaling confirmation: The server-layer signaling confirmation mechanism
ensures reliability of signaling.
− User information security: Core network user information management ensures data
security.
− Full signal coverage: MIMO anti-fading; RRU mounted to a tower to increase the
gain
− Permanent online terminals: supports automatic terminal status check and automatic
dial-up upon a network outage.
− Reliable networking: transmission fault detection solution, eNodeB multi-homing
design, SCTP multi-homing design, and IP route backup design
− Reliable transmission: air-interface retransmission, ensuring no data loss; Data
packets, reducing BLER
 End-to-end reliability insurance mechanism
− Service data encryption, IP filtering, and authentication
− Embedded firewall, isolating external attacks
− PKI: digital certificate distribution management, 802.1xIP port authentication based
on the digital certificate, IKE device identification authentication based on the digital
certificate, content encryption based on IPSec, and OM data encryption based on
SSL/TLS

Application Scenarios
 Scenarios where users are few, the power load is low, and the requirements for power
quality and reliability are not high
 Scenarios where the power distribution terminals are few and the required
communication bandwidth is low
 Scenarios where the line is long, devices are old, and the line loss is large
 Scenarios where devices are distributed and the communication private network costs are
high
 Scenarios where remote detection and remote communication are used and remote
control is not required
 Scenarios such as old city districts or traditional commercial districts where fiber layout
is inconvenient.

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PDA Solution
Technical Proposal 6 Environment Monitoring Solution

6 Environment Monitoring Solution

6.1 Business Analysis for DA Environment Monitoring


The DA environment monitoring system integrates water, temperature/humidity and smoke
sensor status monitoring functions based on Huawei eIVS video surveillance solution, and
therefore achieves video surveillance linkage.
The eIVS system connects the front-end switching station and the back-end video
surveillance workstation through network switches. In the system, all network devices
(switching station front-end video coder, server, and video workstation) exchange data
through the network switches, and form a comparatively independent tele-video system
network.
The monitoring center is the core of the entire distribution video monitoring system. It is
equipped with one image management server, one forwarding server, one recording storage
server, one central switch, one video surveillance workstation, and one digital matrix host. To
ensure the entire system performance, all the servers are high-performance rack servers and
the workstation uses the current mainstream configurations.
The forwarding server is configured with a Gigabit network adapter, allowing for access of
100 front-end switching stations. If more monitoring points need to be accessed and exceed
the processing capabilities of a forwarding server, add one or more forwarding servers as
required.

6.2 Scheme Analysis for DA Environment Monitoring


Environment Monitoring Solution includes electric monitoring, video surveillance, flood
alerting, light control, door status sensor, and smoker sensor. The temperature and humidity
sensors can provide detailed data, generate alarms, and allow the alarm lower and upper
thresholds to be manually specified. The water sensor and smoke sensor provide only status
parameters, generate alarms, and trigger related cameras to start capturing images or
recording videos.

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Technical Proposal 6 Environment Monitoring Solution

Video Surveillance
Determine the number of dome cameras for zero blind zone, depending on the space size and
structure of each switching station.
Select high-speed intelligent HD dome cameras to achieve 360°monitoring. These dome
cameras can automatically rotate vertically at a high speed. They provide functions such as
touring trails and pattern scanning.
The dome cameras achieve remote control through RS-485 interfaces. They use high tensile
aluminum alloy covers, and are therefore water-proof, dust-proof, and shaking-protective.

Door Status Sensor


Door status sensors are installed at switching stations. Upon personnel entrance, a door status
sensor will generate an alarm to notify the master station on-duty personnel and trigger the
interlocked cameras to starting recording videos. This allows real-time information about
personnel entrance to or exit from the switching station to be recorded and reported.

Remote Light Control


Some switching stations are located in basements, where light conditions are poor and there is
almost no light at night. To ensure sufficient lighting, a light control system needs to be
installed at each switching station. Light must be remotely turned on before personnel check
field videos or images at the monitoring center, and must be remotely turned off after the
check. Therefore, the light control system must support the following functions:
 Remotely turns on or off light at any time.
 Turns on or off light as scheduled.
 Upon an alarm, triggers the interlocked dome cameras to start recording and the
interlocked lights to turn on.

Flood Alerting
Real-time monitoring over the water in the cable trench needs to be supported, and alarm
information needs to be generated when the water exceeds the alerting level. A water
detection and alerting system is installed in each switching station, providing the following
functions:
 When the water level in the cable trench and the ground water level reaches 5 cm,
triggers audible and visual alarms to be generated at station terminals.
 Sends real-time water alarm information to the monitoring center so that the
monitoring workstation screen at the center displays the images and videos in the
alarming distribution room, and generates audible alarm indications.

Smoke Sensor
Highly-sensitive smoke sensors are installed in switching stations. Once the smoke
concentration in a switching station exceeds the altering level, its smoke sensor will generate
alerting sound and notifies on-duty dispatching personnel through the video surveillance
system so that they can assign personnel in time to visit the site and minimize loss.

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PDA Solution
Technical Proposal 6 Environment Monitoring Solution

IP Voice Intercom
Due to signal shielding, communication by means of mobile phones cannot work at some
switching stations, and therefore a bidirectional voice intercom system needs to be installed to
provide the following functions:
 The monitoring center can set up intercom channels to switching station, and therefore
can communicate with distribution rooms.
 Switching stations can also call the monitoring center and set up intercom channels.
 After intercom channels are set up, bidirectional voice communication is available
between the switching stations and the monitoring center.
IP voice intercom reuses existing LAN resources, and achieves bidirectional communication
by only allocating fixed IP addresses and causing no extra time consumption and external
restrictions.

Interface Protocols
The DA environment monitoring system integrates water, temperature/humidity, smoke
sensor status monitoring functions based on Huawei eIVS video surveillance solution, and
therefore achieves video surveillance linkage. Video signal control is based on the SIP
protocol, media stream transmission is based on the RTP protocol, and current/voltage pulse
signals are transmitted between sensors and the DVR/NVR.

6.3 DA Environment Monitoring Solution


Figure 6-1 System architecture

DA monitoring services include real-time video surveillance, recording, remote control,


action with alarm, monitoring point touring, electronic map, voice, and field environment
monitoring functions.

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Real-time Monitoring and Browsing


 Real-time monitoring
The system allows users to check real-time pictures of multiple monitoring points on
clients, and allows pictures to be displayed in several panes on a screen. The number of
monitoring panes can be 1, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, and 16, depending on the number of
monitoring points whose real-time pictures need to be simultaneously checked.
During real-time monitoring, users can moves lens upwards, downwards, leftwards, and
rightwards through the lens control panel and can adjust the focus and iris of the lens.
In addition, users can check the real-time videos at different monitoring points in turn.
No manual intervention is required, and videos of the monitoring points can be
automatically played at their preset time period in turn.
 Video playing on the video wall
The video wall is the common monitoring device in the monitoring center. It consists of
several large-screen HD TVs and can amplify monitoring pictures, making them easier to
be viewed by monitoring personnel.
The system allows monitoring pictures and videos to be played on the video wall. Each
TV can serve a monitoring point, and videos of a maximum of 36 monitoring points can
be played. In addition, multiple video wall layouts are supported.
For DA environment monitoring, the major video wall requirements are as follows:
− Specify the videos to monitor by selecting the region > monitoring area > camera
(one or more; if more than one, one main and the others secondary). Users can
monitor video information of all power distribution rooms and switching stations
managed by the monitoring center, monitor multiple channels (1, 4, 9, and 16) of
real-time videos of a same switching station or power distribution room on the same
screen, monitor single-channel real-time videos of several power distribution rooms
and switching stations (1, 4, and 9), and monitor electric device videos recorded from
multiple angles.
− Different DA monitoring center can only monitor power distribution rooms and
switching stations within its own control area.
− Related videos can be viewed based on the alarm status information displayed on the
power distribution room/switching station layout diagram.
− Multiple monitoring workstations and web users can simultaneously view videos of a
power distribution room/switching station.
− Automatic video reset must be supported, allowing cameras at power distribution
rooms and switching stations to be set to default monitoring positions (in normal state,
cameras retain their default positions) and to automatically recover their default
monitoring positions within a scheduled time period after the control is complete.
− Manual recording for all videos, and capturing and storing of any one-frame real-time
video in JPEG, JPG, or BMP format.

Video Recording Service


 Manual video recording on the platform
During real-time monitoring, users can manually trigger videos to be recorded and stored
on the platform. Users can specify the video recording time length. After the scheduled
recording time expires, the platform automatically stops the video recording. In addition,
users can stop the video recording manually.
Users can query the video recordings that they have triggered and play videos on clients.
The video recording platform features large capacity, high stability, and good
performance, and can store massive videos for a long time.

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 Manual Front-end Video Recording


During real-time monitoring, users can manually trigger videos to be recorded and stored
at the front end. Users can specify the video recording time length. After the scheduled
recording time expires, the front end automatically stops the video recording. In addition,
users can stop the video recording manually.
Users can query the video recordings that they have triggered and play videos at the
client end.
 Manual local recording
During real-time monitoring, users can manually trigger videos to be recorded and stored
on the hard disk of the client PC. Users can specify the video recording time length and
the video file size. After the scheduled recording time expires, the client end
automatically stops the video recording. In addition, users can stop the local video
recording manually.
Users can query the local video recordings that they have triggered and play videos at the
client end.
 Video recording upon an alarm
Video recording upon an alarm is also called video recording upon an event. That
is, when an event occurs, the local camera or other cameras start recording videos. After
the scheduled recording time expires, the video recording stops. Users can specify the
video pre-recording time length before an event occurs.
Upon reception of an event, the platform check for corresponding alarm-triggered video
recording policies. If a policy exists and takes effect, the platform triggers the cameras
specified in the policy to start video recording and storing. The cameras specified in the
policy may be the alarming camera or other cameras. Generally, events such as picture
blocking and video loss will not trigger the local camera to start video recording.
 Scheduled video recording on the platform
The system allows users to specify the scheduled video recording plan. After the
scheduled recording time expires, the platform automatically generates the video
recording task and start video recording to the platform and stop video recording after
the task is completed. Users can set multiple scheduled video recording plans. The video
recording plans can have overlapping time, and only a video is generated over the
overlapping time.
Scheduled video recording includes workday video recording and one-off video
recording. Users can specify the start and end time for workday video recording and for
one-off video recording.
 Front-end video playback
The system allows users to play back front-end videos by time span, event type,
bookmark at the client end. During the playback process, videos can be fast forwarded,
slow forwarded, paused, resumed, dragged, and stopped; in addition, single-frame
playback is supported. Front-end video playback rates can be 2x and 4x, and the
front-end slow forwarding rates can be 1/2x and 1/4x.
 Platform video playback
The system allows users to play back platform videos by time span, event type,
bookmark at the client end. During the playback process, videos can be fast forwarded,
slow forwarded, paused, resumed, dragged, and stopped; in addition, single-frame
playback is supported. Platform video playback rates can be 2x, 4x, 8x, 16x, and 32x,
and slow forwarding rates can be 1/2x, 1/4x, and 1/8x.
 Local video playback
The system allows users to play back client-end videos by time span, event type,
bookmark at the client end. During the playback process, videos can be fast forwarded,

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Technical Proposal 6 Environment Monitoring Solution

slow forwarded, paused, resumed, dragged, and stopped; in addition, single-frame


playback is supported. Client-end video playback rates can be 2x, 4x, 8x, 16x, and 32x,
and slow forwarding rates can be 1/2x, 1/4x, and 1/8x.
 Front-end video downloading
The system allows users to download front-end videos by time span, event type, and
bookmark at the client end, and to pause and resume the downloading. The system
supports statistics on data during the downloading, displays the downloading progress,
the downloaded volume, and the storage location.
The system supports simultaneous downloading of videos from several lens.
In addition, the system supports resumable data transfer during front-end video
downloading.
 Platform video downloading
The system allows users to download platform videos by time span, event type, and
bookmark at the client end, and to pause and resume the downloading. The system
supports statistics on data during the downloading, displays the downloading progress,
the downloaded volume, and the storage location.
The system supports simultaneous downloading of videos from several lens.
For DA environment monitoring, the major requirements are as follows:
a Allows the station terminal system video recording rules to be specified, supporting
manual video recording, scheduled video recording, alarm-triggered video
recording, and video recording upon abnormal picture changes.
b Provides centralized storage, allowing videos recorded upon severe alarms and
power grid accident videos to be stored on the regional master station IP SAN, with
a video stream storage policy in seconds.
c Allows multiple videos of each power distribution room/switching station to be
simultaneously displayed, stored, achieved, and played back.
d Provides UI-based centralized management over local and each distribution
room/switching station's historical videos and pictures; allows the videos and
pictures to be achieved by alarm/event, time span, camera, and storage location, or
any combination of them; allows any historical videos to be uploaded from a station
terminal system; and allows local and each distribution room/switching station's
historical videos to be deleted.
e Allows historical videos and pictures of any camera of a distribution
room/switching station (time), alarm videos, and local videos to be played back;
supports frame-by-frame playback, slow playback, regular-speed playback, fast
playback, and progress bar dragging; allows pictures to be zoomed out/in, partially
zoomed out, and supports picture brightness, contrast, saturation, and tone
adjustment.
f Supports single-frame capturing and continuous capturing during video playback,
and allows pictures to be marked, facilitating video searches.

Remote Control
 Pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) control
PTZ lens includes PTZ and lens. PTZ is an auxiliary device with lens installed on. In
addition to PTZ, auxiliary devices include wipers and daylight lamps.
a The system supports PTZ lens control at the client end, allowing users to control the
lens orientation, lock the lens, control lens auxiliary devices, and control the lens
capturing effects, lens focus, iris size, and picture size.

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b The system supports the PTZ preset function. The preset allows user to quickly and
easily switch the lens to a specific orientation, without the need to manually
adjusting the lens directions when users need to frequently check pictures of the
specific orientation.
c The system support automatic lens touring. At the client end, users can pre-record a
lens touring track. When required, select the pre-recorded touring track so that the
PTZ lens can automatically rotate according to the touring track.
d The system supports control over auxiliary devices, allowing users to remotely turn
on or shut down auxiliary devices at the client end.

Video Capturing
During real-time video viewing or recording, users can screensnap required pictures (1 to 10
continuous pictures, at an interval of 1s to 5s).
Upon an alarm/event, the system triggers automatic monitor screensnaps.
Users can specify the screensnap number and interval as required.
For DA environment monitoring, the requirements are resolved as follows:
 Remotely controls the station terminal video surveillance devices and environment
monitoring devices, including controlling cameras and light.
 Adjusts and controls cameras' view angle, orientation, focus, iris, and depth of field.
 Allows presets and operations on cameras with presets.
 Allows the time to release control rights to be manually specified after camera control
operations are completed.
 Specifies and queries the camera preset.
 Remotely controls audible and visual alarm devices.
 Supports distribution room/switching station's deployment and withdrawal to be
performed automatically by the system according to a preset policy or to be manually
controlled according to the distribution room/switching station's plane layout diagram.
 Allows higher-priority users to preempt control over lower-priority users and earlier
users with the same priority to preempt control over later users.
 Allows users to drag the mouse on the monitor screen to adjust the monitoring
orientation and view angle and to quickly zoom out, zoom in, and focus an object.
 Supports remote control over the DVR, including DVR remote upgrade, restart,
parameter settings.
 Allows text messages to be sent from a specific monitoring workstation to one or more
station terminal systems and to be displayed on station terminal screens in on-screen
display mode.

Alarm Linkage Function


The system allows users to query historical alarms and events at the client end, displaying
alarm/event generation time, type, alarming device name, and alarm severity. If alarm linkage
to other devices is enabled, users can also query details about the linked devices including the
device code number, device name, linkage time, and linkage action.
The following types of alarms can be queried: video loss, video recovery, video move started,
video move ended, central storage disk exhausted, customer station storage space exhausted,
device online, device offline, front-end disk fault, and front-end disk recovery.

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When a front-end alarm occurs, real-time monitoring videos and pictures of the alarming
device are displayed in idle screen panes, in addition to the alarm generated to notify the user.

Figure 6-2 Alarm linkage service procedure

 Function description
Alarm linkage allows users to obtain alarm information in time.
 Implementation method
1. The alarming device (for example, the front-end device DVS/DVR) sends an alarm
signal, and the front-end device sends an alarm notification to the front-end access
system.
2. The front-end access system forwards the alarm notification to the alarm management
module on the central management server.
3. The alarm management module achieves client end-related alarm linkage policies. If
any, it forwards the alarm notification to the client-end access system.
4. The client-end access system forwards the alarm notification to the client end. The
client end reports the alarm to users by means of alarm sound or flickering pictures.
For DA environment monitoring, the requirements are resolved as follows:
1. Classifies alarms into severe and minor alarms and allows the alarm severity to be
manually specified.
2. Displays real-time alarm information in the alarm window, including the date, time, area,
plant station name, linked monitoring device, alarm content, and others; displays
alarms with different severities in different colors and allows the alarm color to be
specified; allows alarms to be displayed by layer and by area.
3. Supports alarm linkage, specifying cameras to start recording videos based on the alarm
signal, operating specified devices (for example, lights), and achieving automatic video
recording.
4. Allows phone short messages to be automatically sent upon a severe alarm.

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5. Provides flexible alarm information filtering and classification measures and allows
filtering conditions and classification methods to be specified by area, user,
and workstation.
6. Allows alarm information to be confirmed by administrators and monitoring personnel
and to be confirmed by rights and area, therefore enabling comparatively independent
confirmation and handling of events and alarms in different areas.
7. Allows all alarm information and confirmed information (including confirmation time,
confirmation node, and confirmation user) to be automatically saved and exported.
8. Provides alarm bell/siren upon an alarm.
9. Allows historical alarm information to be queried by any combination of the alarm time,
place, and type.

Monitoring Point Touring


Touring at a monitoring point: Provides automatic video touring at system monitoring points;
allows monitored objects to be specified as required, including videos in different power
distribution rooms or switching stations, different cameras in a same power distribution room
or switching station, and different camera presets of a camera; allows the touring interval to
be specified as required; supports automatic resets of the cameras performing touring.
For DA environment monitoring, the requirements are resolved as follows:
Performs video touring on cameras of distribution rooms and switching stations at a preset
interval, allows touring entities to be specified as required, including different cameras at the
same station terminal and different presets of the same camera, and allows the touring interval
to be specified as required.

Electronic Map
The electronic map function deploys monitoring cameras in the electronic map at a video
surveillance client based on the geography information system (GIS), allows real-time videos
to be viewed and alarms to be displayed on the electronic map. In addition, it provides GIS
map-based monitoring UI, which provides a direct and visual monitoring method allowing
users to view real-time videos/video recordings, and control cameras.
The major electronic map functions are as follows:
 Allows the lens positions to be specified.
Allowing users to specify the monitoring lens' positions in the electronic map and to
change or delete the positions if required.
 Allows lens position information to be exported and imported.
Allows users to export the lens position information from the electronic map and save it
as an sdb or sdd file, and to import the sdb or sdd file to the electronic map.
 Supports common electronic map functions, such as zoom-in, zoom-out, locating, and
eagle-eye.
 Supports alarm linkage.
Allows corresponding lens icon to flash on the electronic map to notify the users of the
alarm when an alarm/event occurs.
 Supports video surveillance on the electronic map.
Allows users to activate real-time videos of specific cameras on the electronic map.

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For DA environment monitoring, the requirements are resolved as follows:


1. Provides real-time videos taken from multiple view angles and by multiple cameras on
the electronic map.
2. Allows users to control cameras on the electronic map, including zooming in/out,
activating recordings, and capturing pictures.
3. Provides alarm notification on the electronic map.

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Technical Proposal 7 Product Description

7 Product Description

7.1 xPON Product


7.1.1 SmartAX MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T
The MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T, functioning as an integrated optical-copper access
equipment, provides the integrated broadband and narrowband access and FTTx optical
access services that feature high rate, high bandwidth, and high quality. It can function as an
OLT, MSAN, or IP DSLAM. The MA5600T is a large-capacity device, the MA5603T is a
medium-capacity device and the MA5608T is a small-capacity device.

Product Features
The MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T is an integrated optical-copper access platform that
provides flexible user access modes and effectively ensures the smooth evolution from copper
access to optical access.
Optical Access
The MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T supports 10G GPON access, GPON access and P2P
access, which effectively meets requirements of various FTTx access applications.
 Supports a split ratio of 1:128.
 Support small form-factor pluggable (SFP) optical module of Class B+ or Class C+ and
XFP optical module, which can be used in different scenarios.
 High-density 48 single-fiber bi-directional or 24 two-fiber bi-directional GE/FE P2P
optical access is supported.
 Supports the high-performance and large-capacity control board SCUH. In
active/standby mode, SCUH supports 20 Gbit/s switching bandwidth for each slot. In
load sharing mode, SCUH supports 40 Gbit/s switching bandwidth for each slot. And
provides 960G switching capacity (doubles performance capacity), improving access
user bandwidth.
Copper Access
The MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T supports multiple xDSL access and POTS access modes
and makes full use of existing copper cable resources to provide users with rich and flexible
network services. The retransmission and INM functions solve the line quality deterioration
problem caused by line bit errors and line noise, which ensures the line access quality.

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 The xDSL ports works with the ADSL terminal unit-remote end (ATU-R) or the VDSL
terminal unit-remote end (VTU-R), which can provides the highest-density 64 channels
of xDSL access and 48 channels of POTS access.
 Far-end crosstalk (FEXT) is one of key factors affecting the performance and stability of
the VDSL2 system. The MA5603T supports the vectoring feature. Vectoring uses vectors
to solve FEXT of VDSL2 lines so as to improve bandwidth and performance of
multi-pair VDSL2 lines. It effectively decreases crosstalk for short-distance lines (shorter
than 1 km). The rate of a single VDSL line can be increased about 50%-90% within 800
m. Provides higher bandwidth and more types of services over existing VDSL2 lines
after the rate for a single VDSL2 user is increased.
Full Service Access
This section describes the data, multicast, voice, and base station access services of the
MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T and the QoS solution implemented by the
MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T.
 Supports the High-Performance Multicast Service. The device employs the multicast
technology to provide IP video services, including live TV and QVoD, for carriers. By
introducing the multicast technology, the network device can manage, control, and
forward IP video services and thus meets carriers' requirements for provisioning IP video
service.
 The MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T has completed its interoperability test with all
mainstream NGN/IMSs.
− Connection to the NGN/IMS network through SIP or H.248, implementing the VoIP
service (including the voice, fax, and modem services).
− The MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T supports reconstruction of traditional voice
devices such as the N*64K private line device and ISDN PRI PBX, implementing the
ALL IP architecture.
 Implements base station access solution by using MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T
(OLT)+MDU. And the MA5600T/MA5603T/MA5608T supports clock synchronization
in the base station access scenario. The MPLS PWE3 provides the E2E reliability and
quality assurance for the service.

Product Specifications
 System Performance

Parameter Specification
Backplane bus MA5600T: 3.2 Tbit/s
switching capacity MA5603T: 1.5 Tbit/s
MA5608T: 720 Gbit/s
System L2 packet SCUB: 72 Mpps
forwarding rate SCUN: 726 Mpps(Active/Standby mode), 1452 Mpps(Load-sharing
mode)
SCUF: 190 Mpps
SCUH: 1428 Mpps(Active/Standby mode), 2856
Mpps(Load-sharing mode)
MCUD/MCUD1: 190Mpps(Active/Standby mode),
380Mpps(Load-sharing mode)

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Parameter Specification
Control board SCUB: 48 Gbit/s
switching capacity SCUN: 480 Gbit/s(Active/Standby mode), 960Gbit/s(Load-sharing
mode)
SCUF: 128 Gbit/s
SCUH: 960 Gbit/s(Active/Standby mode), 1920Gbit/s(Load-sharing
mode)
MCUD/MCUD1: 128Gbit/s(Active/Standby
mode),256Gbit/s(Load-sharing mode)
Switching/Forwardi Short forwarding delay: The 100 Mbit/s Ethernet port sends the
ng delay 64-byte Ethernet packets at a delay shorter than 20 μs.
BER in full load BER of port when transmitting data in full load < 10 e-7

 Device Configuration

Parameter Data Data Data Data


Configuration Configuration Configuration Configuration
(MA5600T ETSI (MA5600T IEC (MA5603T) (MA5608T)
subrack) subrack)
Maintenance port  Number of 10  Number of 10  Number of 10  Number of 10
Mbit/s/100 Mbit/s/100 Mbit/s/100 Mbit/s/100
Mbit/s Mbit/s Mbit/s Mbit/s
maintenance maintenance maintenance maintenance
Ethernet ports: 1 Ethernet ports: Ethernet ports: 1 Ethernet ports: 1
 Number of 1  Number of serial  Number of serial
serial ports for  Number of ports for ports for
local/remote serial ports for local/remote local/remote
maintenance: 1 local/remote maintenance: 1 maintenance: 1
maintenance: 1

Monitoring port Number of Number of Number of Number of


environment environment environment environment
monitoring serial monitoring serial monitoring serial monitoring serial
ports: 1 ports: 1 ports: 1 ports: 1
Maximum number 1024 896 384 128
of ADSL2+ ports in
a subrack

Maximum number 1024 896 384 128


of VDSL2 ports in a
subrack
Maximum number 512 448 192 64
of EFM SHDSL NOTE
ports in a subrack The MA5608T only
supports the EFM
SHDSL ports.

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Parameter Data Data Data Data


Configuration Configuration Configuration Configuration
(MA5600T ETSI (MA5600T IEC (MA5603T) (MA5608T)
subrack) subrack)
Maximum number 256 224 96 32
of TDM SHDSL
ports in a subrack
Maximum number 1024 896 384 128
of POTS ports in a
subrack
Maximum number 512 448 192 64
of ISDN BRA ports
in a subrack
Maximum number 64 56 64 64
of ISDN PRA ports
in a subrack
Maximum number 256 – 96 32
of GPON ports in a
subrack
Maximum number 64 – 24 8
of 10G GPON ports
in a subrack
Maximum number 768 – 288 96
of P2P FE ports in a
subrack
Maximum number 768 – 288 96
of P2P GE ports in a
subrack
Maximum number 8 8 8 -
of upstream ports
(GE ports in the GIU
slot) in a subrack
Maximum number 4 4 4 -
of upstream ports
(10GE ports in the
GIU slot) in a
subrack
Maximum number 2 (work in the 2 (work in the 2 -
of upstream ports active/standby active/standby
(PON ports in the mode) mode)
GIU slot) in a
subrack
Maximum number 32 32 32 -
of extended subrack
in a subrack

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The maximum number of GE upstream ports in a subrack or the maximum number of 10GE
upstream ports in a subrack refers to the maximum number of upstream ports supported by the
upstream board configured in the GIU slot.
 If the services slots house the SPUA boards, a single slot can support eight GE upstream
ports and two 10GE upstream ports.
 If the services slots house the SPUC boards, a single slot can support 40 GE upstream
ports and four 10GE upstream ports.
 If the services slots house the SPUF boards, a single slot can support three
interface working modes: 8 * 10GE, 8 * GE, 4 * 10GE + 4 * GE.
 If the service slots house the ETHB boards, a single slot can support eight GE upstream
ports.

7.1.2 SmartAX MA5621&MA5621A


The SmartAX MA5621/MA5621A Multi-Service Access Module (MA5621/MA5621A for
short) is a passive cooling multi-dwelling unit (MDU) developed by Huawei for smart grid
reconstruction.
MA5621 applies to intelligent electricity consumption information collection networks,
MA5621Aapplies to automatic power site information transmission networks and intelligent
electricity consumption information collection networks, at the same time,
MA5621/MA5621A apply to video monitoring networks.

Product Features
Comprehensive GPON Protection (apply to MA5621)
The MA5621 uses the GPON protection solution to provide higher reliability for access
devices.
The MA5621 supports the following GPON protection solutions:
 GPON type B protection: supported by the MA5621 when the MA5621 works with
optical line terminal (OLT) V800R009C00 or later versions
 GPON type C protection: supported by the MA5621 when the MA5621 works with OLT
V800R010C00 or later versions
Passive Cooling
The MA5621 supports passive cooling and can work at a temperature of 70°C (85°C within 2
hours) using the following technologies:
 High emissivity coating on shells
 6 mm heat dissipation fins on the bottom of the box
 Bright copper coating on large board areas
 Low thermal resistance coating on power consumption components and modules
Highly Effective Manageability and Maintainability
 It supports free of onsite software commissioning.
 When the MA5621/MA5621A uses PON port for upstream transmission, It supports
One-Site Deployment and Plug and Play. MA5621/MA5621A can automatically obtain
the configuration data from the NMS and report its online status to the NMS. (The
configuration data automatically takes effect.)

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 Remote Batch Upgrade: The MA5621/MA5621A supports automatic batch upgrade, If


the upgrading fails, automatic rollback is supported, An upgrade package combining
both the device software and the patch file is provided for upgrade.
 Zero Touch Routine Maintenance: The MA5621/MA5621A supports accurate fault
location and remote troubleshooting, Backing up and uploading configuration data and
obtaining accurate operation logs etc.
 Network Performance Monitoring: The MA5621/MA5621A supports network
optimization and user monitoring.
Reliability Design
The hardware design of the MA5621/MA5621A has the following features:
 Passes the electrostatic discharge (ESD) test.
 Passes the CE certification and meets the safety requirements specified in IEC60950-1,
EN60950-1, IEC60825-1/2, and GB4943.
 Supports the following surge protection capabilities:
− Common-mode and differential-mode 6 kV for the AC power port.
− Common-mode 6 kV for FE/GE auto-adaptive ports and common-mode 4 kV for
serial ports.
 Employs an energy-efficient and silence design.
 Has fewer lines routed across the surface of the board to achieve a proper heat
dissipation effect (producing a temperature difference to prevent condensation).

Product Specifications
 GPON port Specifications

Parameter Specifications
Transmission rate Transmit (Tx): 1.244 Gbit/s
Receive (Rx): 2.488 Gbit/s
Port mode Single-mode
Connector type SC/PC (UPC)
Maximum transmission distance 20 km
Standards compliance ITU-T G.984.2 CLASS B+
Center wavelength Receive (Rx): 1490 nm
Transmit (Tx): 1310 nm
Transmit optical power 0.5 dBm to 5.0 dBm
Extinction ratio > 10 dB
Maximum receiver sensitivity -27 dBm
Overload optical power -8 dBm

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 FE Electrical Port Specifications


Parameter Specifications
Connector type RJ45
Transmission rate 10 Mbit/s or 100 Mbit/s
Maximum transmission reach 100 m
Working mode 10 Mbit/s or 100 Mbit/s auto-adaptation;
Cable specifications Category 5 unshielded twisted pair (UTP)
Standard compliance IEEE 802.3i
IEEE 802.3u

 Specifications of the Serial Ports

Parameter Specifications (RS485)


Working mode Differential
Node quantity 1 receive node and 32 transmit nodes
Maximum transmission distance 1200 m (theoretical value)
Maximum transmission rate 115200 bit/s
Maximum drive output voltage -7 V to +12 V
Driver output signal level +/-1.5 V
(minimum load)
Driver output signal level +/-6 V
(maximum load)
Driver load resistance 54 ohms
Receiver input voltage range -7 V to +12 V
Receiver input threshold +/-200 mV
Receiver input resistance 12 kohms
Driver common-mode voltage -1 V to +3 V
Receiver common-mode voltage -7 V to +12 V

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 Device Performance
Performance Parameter Description
System switching capacity 12 Gbit/s
System packet forwarding 18 Mpps
rate

 Operating Environment

Operating Environment Parameter Value


Working environment temperature MA5621: -40°C to +70°C
MA5621A: -40°C to +55°C
The MA5621/MA5621A can start at a lowest
temperature of -25°C, operate in the normal
state at a lowest temperature of -40°C.
Working environment humidity 5% RH to 95% RH
Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa to 106 kPa
Altitude Below 4000 m

The highest temperature at an altitude below 1800 m


is 55°C. At altitudes from 1800 m to 4000 m, the
maximum working environment temperature
supported by the device reduces by 1°C for every 220
m increase in altitude.

7.2 LTE Product


7.2.1 eWBB2.2 eCNS600
The Enterprise Core Network System 600 (eCNS600) is developed by Huawei for the
enterprise Evolved Packet Core (EPC), and it applies only to the Long Term Evolution
(LTE)/System Architecture Evolution (SAE) architecture.
Huawei eCNS600 integrates the functions of the mobility management entity (MME), serving
gateway (S-GW), and PDN gateway (P-GW). In addition, it integrates some of the policy and
charging rules function (PCRF) and home subscriber server (HSS) functions. The eCNS600
supports operations and maintenance in a centralized manner.
For details about the eCNS600 functional network elements (NEs) shown below

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Table 7-1 eCNS600 deployed in an enterprise network

Product Features
The eCNS600 is a competitive product developed by Huawei for the enterprise EPC. It has
many outstanding features or characteristics.

Figure 7-1 Front view of the OSTA 2.0 subrack

High Integrity
Huawei eCNS600 integrates the functions of the MME, S-GW, and P-GW. In addition, it
integrates some of the PCRF and HSS functions. Installed in a basic subrack, the eCNS600
implements the functions of the EPC and has the following characteristics:
 Large capacity
Supports 200,000 UEs and large-size data transmission.
 Easy deployment
Integrates multiple logical NEs of the EPC, simplifies the network and maintenance,
reduces costs, and allows easy deployment.

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 Low power consumption


Reduces maintenance costs because the low power consumption for an eCNS600
deployed in single-board mode
Advanced ATCA Platform
ATCA is a hardware standard. It is the name of the architecture standard for the hardware
platform rather than the name of a specific product.
The eCNS600 uses the Open Standards Telecom Architecture (OSTA 2.0) platform of
Huawei, which is a server system featuring high density and high performance. The eCNS600
can provide reliable data processing services for carrier-grade telecommunications
applications.
The OSTA 2.0 hardware platform stipulates a series of specifications related to boards,
backplanes, and software for the next generation telecom devices. Based on the ATCA
standard architecture and conforming to the network equipment building system (NEBS) and
European telecommunications standards institute (ETSI) standards, the platform has the
following features:
 High rate
The high-speed serial data link and switched structure are used. Therefore, the data
exchange bandwidth intra-subrack can reach 2.5 Tbit/s.
 High reliability
All boards and subboards are hot swappable. In addition, redundancy is implemented on
all key components, such as power supply, fan, management module, and board of each
type. Therefore, the reliability of the system reaches 99.999%.
 High scalability
The eCNS600 supports the addition of the interfaces on the ATCA board and cascading
between subracks through the interface board within a subrack.
 Easy to upgrade
Backplane forwarding bandwidth can be smoothly upgraded to 10 GE. The performance
of interface boards is easy to upgrade.
 Efficient management
The standard management bus is used, which can manage any part in the system.
The eCNS600 uses the embedded software platform, namely, carrier grade platform
(CGP), which is universally used by the core network products of Huawei. The CGP has the
features such as cross-hardware platform, cross-operating system, and easy maintenance.
 Cross-hardware platform
A uniform interface of the hardware platform is provided, which implements the
operation of upper-layer applications on different hardware platforms. Therefore, the
hardware management is independent of the hardware platform.
 Cross-operating system
Different interfaces of the operating system at the lower layer are shielded. Instead, a
uniform virtual operating system application programming interface (VOS API) is
provided for upper-layer applications.
 Easy maintenance
The implementation mechanisms of the functions such as operation and maintenance,
alarm management, performance measurement, call and signaling tracing, data backup,
board switchover, and online loading are provided for upper-layer applications.

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High Reliability
The eCNS600 is highly reliable because of the following features:
 Backup of important data
The eCNS600 automatically backs up important data, such as the configuration data,
performance data, and operation logs.
 Operation security management
Different management privileges are assigned to different users. During the user login,
the eCNS600 checks the user identity. After the user login, the eCNS600 maintains the
complete operation to ensure system security.
 Hardware redundancy design
All critical boards are configured in the 1+1 backup to ensure the high reliability of the
system.
 Fault prevention
The eCNS600 provides protection mechanisms to avoid the following system faults:
− System power off
− Misoperation on the system power switch
− Lightning surge on the system power
− High voltage and low voltage
− Short circuit of power supply
− Current surge and high voltage on the power supply and interfaces
 System overload control
In the case of center processing unit (CPU) overload or resource congestion, the
eCNS600 adjusts the traffic smoothly to avoid system down.
 Board lock and unlock, process lock and unlock
The board and process lock function stops access to new services as required and
gradually removes the existing services within a certain period. The board and process
unlock function, however, provides access to new services.

Product Specifications
 Performance Specifications

Parameter Value
Number of subscribers supported by the 200,000
system
Number of bearers supported by the system 600,000
Number of bearers activated by a UE at the 11
same time
Number of eNodeBs supported by the 1500
system
Throughputs supported by the system 40 Gbps (1024 bytes per packet)

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 Physical Interfaces
Interfaces Physical Protocol Maximum
Characteristics Number of Ports
S1 GE IP/MAC 4
10GE IP/MAC 1 to 2
S10 GE IP/MAC 1
S5/S8 GE IP/MAC 4
S6a GE IP/MAC 1
O&M FE IP 2
SGi GE IP/MAC 4
10GE IP/MAC 1 to 2

 Climatic Requirements

Item Range
Altitude ≤ 5000 m
Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa to 106 kPa
Temperature -40°C to +70°C
Temperature change rate ≤ 1°C/min
Relative humidity 10% to 100%
Solar radiation ≤ 1120 W/m²
Heat radiation ≤ 600 W/m²
Wind speed ≤ 30 m/s

7.2.2 eWBB2.2 DBS3900


With a focus on customer-oriented innovation, Huawei launches a series of products in its
SingleRAN product portfolio, including the distributed E-UTRAN NodeB
(eNodeB) DBS3900 LTE time division duplex (TDD). E-UTRAN is short for evolved
universal terrestrial radio access network. The DBS3900 LTE TDD (referred to as DBS3900
in this document) fully utilizes Huawei platform resources and a variety of technologies to
meet the challenges of mobile network development.
The eNodeB is used for radio access in the LTE system. The eNodeB mainly performs radio
resource management (RRM) functions such as air interface management, access control,
mobility control, and user equipment (UE) resource allocation.
The DBS3900 has two types of basic modules: baseband unit (BBU3900) and remote radio
unit (RRU). Featuring a small size and low weight, a basic module can be flexibly and fast

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installed to accommodate varied site environment. It also supports flexible software


configuration to meet different capacity requirements. Table 7-2 shows a usage scenario of
the DBS3900.

Table 7-2 DBS3900

Featuring a modular design, the DBS3900 consists of the baseband unit and the remote radio
unit, which are connected using optical fibers through common public radio interface (CPRI)
ports to transmit CPRI signals.

Baseband Unit
The baseband unit, BBU3900, performs the following functions:
 Provides ports for establishing an S1 interface between the eNodeB and the mobility
management entity (MME)/S-GW and establishing an X2 interface with another
eNodeB.
 Provides CPRI ports for communication with RRUs and processes uplink and downlink
baseband signals.
 Manages the base station by means of operation and maintenance (OM) and signaling
message processing.
 Provides an OM channel to the local maintenance terminal (LMT) or iManager M2000
(M2000). The M2000 is an integrated OM system designed by Huawei.
 Provides clock ports for clock synchronization, alarm monitoring ports for environment
monitoring, and a Universal Serial Bus (USB) port for commissioning using a USB flash
drive. The security of the USB port is ensured by encryption.

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Table 7-3 BBU3900

RRU
An RRU is a remote radio unit. One or more RRUs constitute the radio frequency (RF) part of
a distributed eNodeB. RRUs can be installed on a pole, wall, or stand. They also can be
installed close to antennas to shorten the feeder length, reduce feeder loss, and improve the
base station coverage. The RRUs modulate and demodulate baseband and RF signals, process
data, amplify power, and detect standing waves. Table 7-4 shows the exteriors of two RRUs.

Table 7-4 RRUs

Product Features
Various RRU Types
The DBS3900 supports main LTE TDD frequency bands. RRUs configured in the eNodeB are
characterized by their support for various bandwidths, high transmit (TX) power, and high
power amplification efficiency. To meet network deployment requirements of different
operators, two types of RRUs are available:
 RRU with four TX channels and four RX channels (4T4R)
 RRU with two TX channels and two RX channels (2T2R)
RX is short for receive.
You can configure the software of a 4T4R RRU (that is, RRU3232, RRU3252, or RRU3256)
to divide the channels into two groups. In this way, the RRU can function as two 2T2R RRUs.

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Energy Saving and Environment Friendly


Due to their small size and modular design, power amplifiers (PAs) do not take up much
space in the equipment room, and resources are saved with the new energy-saving technique.
The following measures also help save energy:
 Radio frequency (RF) channels are blocked and power amplifier (PA) voltage is adjusted
if the downlink load reaches a preset threshold.
 The power supply unit (PSU) shuts down if the DBS3900 is provided with sufficient
power. The temperature control function controls board temperature. Outdoor
cabinets work in direct ventilation mode, and RRUs work in natural heat dissipation
mode.
Flexible Installation
Flexible installation of the DBS3900 simplifies site acquisition and achieves fast network
deployment with a low total cost of ownership (TCO). To reduce the installation investment,
the BBU3900 can be installed on an indoor wall or in a standard cabinet. The RRU can be
mounted on a pole, tower, or concrete wall, or close to the antenna system to reduce the cost
of feeders and power consumption.
High Transmission Reliability and Board Performance
The following features are introduced to ensure high transmission reliability and high board
performance:
 Support for the Huawei SingleRAN platform
 Support for co-radio resource management (Co-RRM), co-transmission resource
management (Co-TRM), co-operation and management (Co-OAM), and co-radio
network plan&radio network optimization (Co-RNP&RNO)Support for route backup
Transmission paths can be switched over to protect high-priority service data.
 Support for the backup of important boards and power modules
 Support for the backup of important boards and power modules

Product Specifications
BBU 3900

 Capacity

Item Specifications
Maximum number of cells 4T4R beamforming: 18 cells with a bandwidth of 10 MHz or
20 MHz for each cell
2 x 2 MIMO: 18 cells with a bandwidth of 5 MHz or 10 MHz
or 20 MHz for each cell
Maximum throughput per Downlink data rate at the Media Access Control (MAC)
cell with the 20 MHz layer: 110 Mbit/s (The subframe assignment is set to SA2,
bandwidth and DL 2x2 MIMO is used.)
Uplink data rate at the MAC layer: 38 Mbit/s (The subframe
assignment is set to SA1, and UL 2x4 MU-MIMO is used.)
Maximum throughput per Sum of uplink and downlink data rates at the MAC layer:
eNodeB 1500 Mbit/s

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Item Specifications
Maximum number of UEs 10,800
in RRC_CONNECTED
mode in an eNodeB
Data radio bearer (DRB) Eight DBRs per user equipment (UE)

 Transmission Ports

Board Specifications
LMPT Two FE/GE electrical ports, two FE/GE optical ports, or one FE/GE optical
port + one FE/GE electrical port
UMPT One FE/GE electrical port, one FE/GE optical port, and one DB26 port
transmitting four links of E1/T1 signals
UTRPc Four FE/GE electrical ports and two FE/GE optical ports

 Environmental Specifications
Item Specifications
Working temperature –20°C to +55°C (–4°F to +131°F) (long term)
+55°C to +60°C (131°F to 140°F) (short term)
Relative humidity 5% RH to 95% RH
Ingress Protection (IP) rating IP20
Atmospheric pressure 70 kPa to 106 kPa

7.2.3 eWBB2.2 CPE


The Huawei eA660 Series CPEs are the Long Term Evolution (LTE) customer premises
equipments (CPEs). As a wireless gateway, the eA660s can be deployed outdoors to provide
services such as data collection and video surveillance.
The eA660 Series CPEs (eA660-160 and eA660-135, eA660s for short) supports LTE Release
8. The eA660s provide the following functions:
 Data services
 Security services
 Local maintenance and management
 Data routing

Product Features
The eA660s are developed based on the Software Development Platform (SDP). It supports
LTE and quick customization. The eA660's main features are as follows:

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 Compatible with 2.3 GHz(B40), 2.6 GHz(B38) 3.5GHz(B42) and 3.5 GHz(B43) LTE
Time-Division Duplex (TDD) networks; supports customization of different frequency
bands
 High-speed data services
 Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Network Address Translation (NAT)
that provide high-speed routing service
 IEEE 802.11 b/g/n WLAN(unavailable when LTE works at band 40)
 Routing behind MS
 Firewall functions
 Web-based configuration utility that has an intuitive user interface
 Device management that supports TR-069
 Intuitive LED indicators, for easy identification of the device status
 Built-in high-gain antennas that improve product performance and make the device easy
to carry
 Provide external antennas ports and the antennas path can be configured via TR069 or
WEBUI.
 Surge protection in outdoor environments
 Anti-shock capabilities that meet the IEC61373 (railway) and MIL-STD-810F (USA
military) standards
 Shell protection that meets the IP67 standard

Appearance

Table 7-5 Appearance of eA660s

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Product Specifications
Hardware

 Technical specifications of eA660s

Category Description
Technical standard WAN:
LTE 3GPP Release 8

LAN: IEEE 802.3/802.3u


WLAN: IEEE 802.11b/g/n
Working LTE eA660-160: LTE TDD (2300 MHz to 2400 MHz)
frequency band LTE TDD (2570 MHz to 2620 MHz)
eA660-135: LTE TDD (3400 MHz to 3600 MHz)
LTE TDD (3600 MHz to 3800 MHz)
WLAN 2.401 GHz ~ 2.483 GHz

External  1 Ethernet interface (RJ45): 10/100Base-TX


interface  1 USB interface
 2 External antenna interface (N)
 1 SIM card slot
LED indicator  One POWER indicator
 One CONNECT indicator
 One RSSI indicator
 One HEAT indicator
Maximum LTE  eA660-160: LTE TDD 23 dBm (±2)
transmit power  eA660-135: LTE TDD 23 dBm (±2)
WLAN  802.11n: 11dBm(±2dB)
 802.11g: 13dBm(±2 dB)
 802.11b: 15dBm(±2 dB)
Receiving LTE eA660-160& eA660-135
sensitivity  < -100 dBm/5 MHz (eA660-160 only)
 < -97 dBm/10 MHz
 < -94 dBm/20 MHz
WLAN  -64 dBm@65Mbit/s, typical for 802.11n
 -65 dBm@54Mbit/s, typical for 802.11g
 -76 dBm@11Mbit/s, typical for 802.11b

Power <25W
consumption

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Category Description
Water and dust IP67
proof
Temperature  Working temperature: -40°C~ +65°C
 Storage temperature: -40°C ~ +70°C

Humidity 5% ~ 95%
Installation Mounted on poles or walls

7.3 Switch
7.3.1 S9700 series terabit routing switches
The S9700 series terabit routing switches (S9700 for short) are high-end switches designed
for next-generation campus networks and data centers to provide service aggregation.
Based on Huawei Versatile Routing Platform (VRP), the S9700 provides high L2/L3
switching capabilities and integrates diversified services such as MPLS VPN, hardware IPV6,
desktop cloud, video conferencing, wireless access. In addition, the S9700 also provides a
variety of reliability technologies including in-service software upgrade, non-stop forwarding,
hardware OAM/BFD, and ring network protection. These technologies improve customers'
network efficiency and maximize the normal operation time, which reduce customers' total
cost of ownership (TCO).
The S9700 is available in three models: S9703, S9706, and S9712.

S9703 S9706 S9712

Product Features
Advanced Architecture to Ensure Industry-Leading Performance
 The S9700 is designed for a 100G platform and is capable of delivering up to 18.56Tbps
to support high-density GE/10GE line-speed forwarding.
 The S9700 provides high performance line cards, such as 8*40GE and 40*10GE line
cards.
 The S9700 supports a maximum of 96*40GE ports or 480*10GE ports, bringing
enterprise campus networks and data centers into the era of the all-10GE core network.

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 The S9700 supports the 100G Ethernet standard to meet future requirements from
bandwidth-intensive applications (such as multimedia conferencing and data access),
eliminating the trouble of frequent upgrading.
Innovative CSS Technology
 The S9700 switches support switch fabric clustering and service port clustering through
cluster switching system (CSS) technology. CSS technology virtualizes multiple physical
switches into one logical device that has higher reliability, switching efficiency, and
flexibility and is easier to manage.
 High reliability: Through hot backup of routes, all control plane and data plane
information is backed up and forwarded continuously at Layer 3, which significantly
improves the reliability and performance of the device. Inter-chassis link aggregation can
also be used to eliminate single-point failure and prevent service interruption.
 Flexibility: Service ports can be used as cluster ports so that cluster members can be
connected through optical fibers. This expands the clustering distance substantially.
 Easy management: The member switches in a cluster are managed using the same IP
address, which simplifies network device and topology management, improves operation
efficiency, and reduces maintenance costs.
Carrier-class Reliability
 All the key components of the S9700 (including MPUs, power supply units, and fans)
use a redundant design, and all modules are hot swappable to ensure stable network
operation.
 The S9700 supports 3.3 ms hardware-based BFD for protocols such as static routing, RIP,
OSPF, BGP, ISIS, VRRP, PIM, and MPLS. Hardware-based BFD greatly improves
network reliability.
 The S9700 supports hardware-based Ethernet OAM, including comprehensive
EEE802.3ah, 802.1ag, and ITU-Y. 1731 implementations. Hardware-based Ethernet
OAM can collect accurate network parameters, such as transmission latency and jitter, to
help customers monitor network operating status in real time and to realize quick
detection, location, and switching when a network fault occurs.
 The in-service software upgrade (ISSU) function of the S9700 prevents interruption of
key services during software upgrading. The S9700 supports graceful restart to realize
nonstop forwarding and ensure reliable and high-speed operation of the entire network.
Powerful Service Processing Capability
 The S9700's multi-service routing and switching platform meets requirements for service
bearing at the access layer, aggregation layer, and core layer of enterprise networks. The
S9700 provides wireless access, voice, video, and data services, helping enterprises build
an integrated full service network with high availability and low latency.
 The S9700 supports distributed Layer 2/Layer 3 MPLS VPN functions, MPLS, VPLS,
HVPLS, and VLL. These functions allow enterprise users to connect to the enterprise
network through VPNs.
 The S9700 supports many Layer 2/Layer 3 multicast protocols such as PIM SM,
PIM DM, PIM SSM, MLD, and IGMP snooping, to support multi-terminal
high-definition video surveillance and video conferencing services.
 The software platform provides various routing protocols and supports large routing
tables for both SME networks and large-scale multinational company networks.
Moreover, it supports IPv6, allowing an enterprise network to smoothly migrate to IPv6.
Wireless AC Modules, Meeting Requirements for Mobile Office

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 The S9700 AC card supports radio frequency management. The AC allows APs to select
their radio channels and power automatically. In an AP region, APs automatically adjust
radio channels and power in the event of signal interference, enabling the receive signal
strength indicator (RSSI) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) to be continuously updated.
The system then can monitor the electromagnetic environment of every wireless user,
improving network availability.
 The S9700 AC card supports various authentication methods for wireless users,
including 802.1x MAC address authentication, portal certification, and WAPI
authentication, to ensure access of different terminals and devices of different security
levels.

Product Specifications
Item S9703 S9706 S9712
Switching capacity 2.88T/5.76T 6.72T/14.72T 8.64T/18.56T
Forwarding performance 2160M 2880M/ 3840M/
5040M 6480M
Service slots 3 6 12
VLAN Supports adding access, trunk, and hybrid interfaces to
VLANs
Supports the default VLAN
Supports VLAN switching
Supports QinQ and selective QinQ
Supports MAC address-based VLAN assignment
IP routing Supports IPv4 routing protocols, such as RIP, OSPF, BGP,
and IS-IS
Supports IPv6 dynamic routing protocols, such as, RIPng,
OSPFv3, ISISv6, and BGP4+
QoS Supports traffic classification based on Layer 2 headers,
Layer 3 protocols, Layer 4 protocols, and 802.1p priority

Supports actions of ACL, CAR, re-mark, and schedule


Supports queue scheduling algorithms, such as PQ,
WRR, DRR, PQ+WRR, and PQ+DRR
Supports congestion avoidance mechanisms, such as
WRED and tail drop
Supports H-QoS
Supports traffic shaping
Dimensions (W x D x H) 442 mm × 476 442 mm × 476 442 mm × 476
mm × 175 mm mm × 442 mm mm × 664 mm
Chassis weight (empty) < 15 kg < 30 kg < 45 kg

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Item S9703 S9706 S9712


Operating voltage DC: –38.4 V to –72 V
AC: 90 V to 290V
Power supply capability of 2200W 4400W 6600W
the equipment

7.3.2 S5700 series gigabit enterprise switches


The S5700-EI series gigabit enterprise switches (S5700-EI) are next-generation energy-saving
switches developed by Huawei to meet the demand for high-bandwidth access and Ethernet
multi-service aggregation. Based on the cutting-edge hardware and Huawei Versatile Routing
Platform (VRP) software, the S5700-EI provides a large switching capacity and high-density
GE ports to implement 10 Gbit/s upstream transmissions. The S5700-EI is for use in various
enterprise network scenarios. For example, it can function as an access or aggregation switch
on a campus network, a gigabit access switch in an Internet data center (IDC), or a desktop
switch to provide 1000 Mbit/s access for terminals. The S5700-EI is easy to install and
maintain, reducing workloads for network planning, construction, and maintenance. The
S5700-EI uses advanced reliability, security, and energy conservation technologies, helping
enterprise customers build a next generation IT network.
Note: S5700-EI mentioned in this document refers to the whole S5700-EI series including
S5710-EI, and descriptions about S5710-EI are unique features of S5710-EI.
Product Appearance

Appearance Description
 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000 ports
 Subcards supported: 4x1000Base-X SFP
subcard, 2x10GE SFP+ subcard, and
4x10GE SFP+ subcard
S5700-28C-EI  Double hot swappable power supplies
 Forwarding performance: 96 Mpps
 48 10/100/1000Base-T ports
 Subcards supported: 4x1000Base-X SFP
subcard, 2x10GE SFP+ subcard, and
S5700-52C-EI 4x10GE SFP+ subcard
 Double hot swappable power supplies
 Forwarding performance: 132 Mpps
 24 Ethernet 10/100/1000 ports,4 of which are
dual-purpose 10/100/1000 or SFP,4 10 Gig
SFP+ ports
 Subcards supported: 2x10GE SFP+,
S5710-28C-EI
8x10/100/1000BASE-T, and 8×1000Base-X
subcard
 Double hot swappable power supplies
 Forwarding performance: 156Mpps

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Appearance Description
 48 10/100/1000 Base-T ports and 4 10GE
SFP+ ports
 Subcards supported: 2x10GE SFP+,
S5710-52C-PWR-EI-AC 8x10/100/1000BASE-T, and 8×1000Base-X
subcard
S5710-52C-PWR-EI
 Double hot swappable AC power
supplies( A 580W AC power is included in
S5710-52C-PWR-EI-AC model while no
power in S5710-52C-PWR-EI)
 PoE+
 Forwarding performance: 192Mpps

Product Features
Powerful support for services
The S5700-EI supports IGMP v1/v2/v3 snooping, IGMP filter, IGMP fast leave, and IGMP
proxy. It supports line-speed replication of multicast packets between VLANs, multicast load
balancing among member interfaces of a trunk, and controllable multicast, meeting
requirements for IPTV services and other multicast services.
The S5700-EI provides the Multi-VPN-Instance CE (MCE) function to isolate users in
different VLANs on a device, ensuring data security and reducing costs.
The S5710-EI supports multiple MPLS & VPN features, including Label Distribution
Protocol (LDP) or Resource Reservation Protocol for Traffic Engineering (RSVP-TE),
MPLS TE, VLL, VPLS, and MPLS L3VPN.
Comprehensive reliability mechanisms
Besides STP, RSTP, and MSTP, the S5700-EI supports enhanced Ethernet reliability
technologies such as Smart Link and RRPP (Rapid Ring Protection Protocol), which
implement millisecond-level protection switchover and ensure network reliability. It also
provides Smart Link multi-instance and RRPP multi-instance to implement load balancing
among links, optimizing bandwidth usage.
The S5700-EI supports enhanced trunk (E-Trunk) that enables a CE to be dual-homed to two
PEs (S5700s). E-Trunk greatly enhances link reliability between devices and implements link
aggregation between devices. This improves reliability of access devices.
The S5700-EI supports the Smart Ethernet Protection (SEP) protocol, a ring network protocol
applied to the link layer on an Ethernet network. SEP can be used on open ring networks and
can be deployed on upper-layer aggregation devices to provide fast switchover (within 50 ms),
ensuring non-stop transmission of services. SEP features simplicity, high reliability, fast
switchover, easy maintenance, and flexible topology, facilitating network planning and
management.
The S5700-EI supports Ethernet Ring Protection Switching (ERPS), also referred to as
G.8032. As the latest ring network protocol, ERPS was developed based on traditional
Ethernet MAC and bridging functions and uses mature Ethernet OAM function and a ring
automatic protection switching (R-APS) mechanism to implement millisecond-level

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protection switching. ERPS supports various services and allows flexible networking, helping
customers build a network with lower OPEX and CAPEX.
The S5700-EI supports redundant power supplies, and can use an AC power supply and a DC
power simultaneously. Users can choose a single power supply or use two power supplies to
ensure device reliability.
The S5700-EI supports VRRP, and can set up VRRP groups with other Layer 3 switches.
VRRP provides redundant routes to ensure stable and reliable communication. Multiple
equal-cost routes to an uplink device can be configured on the S5700-EI to provide route
redundancy. When an active route is unreachable, traffic is switched to a backup route.
The S5700-EI supports Bidirectional Fast Detection (BFD) and provides millisecond-level
detection for protocols such as OSPF, IS-IS, VRRP, and PIM to improve network reliability.
The S5700-EI complies with IEEE 802.3ah and 802.1ag. IEEE 802.3ah defines the
mechanism for detecting faults on direct links over the Ethernet in the first mile, and 802.1ag
defines the mechanism for end-to-end service fault detection. The S5700-EI supports Y.1731.
Besides fast end-to-end service fault detection, the S5700-EI can use the performance
measurement tools defined in Y.1731 to monitor network performance, providing accurate
data about network quality.
Well-designed QoS policies and security mechanisms
The S5700-EI implements complex traffic classification based on packet information such as
the 5-tuple, IP preference, ToS, DSCP, IP protocol type, ICMP type, TCP source port, VLAN
ID, Ethernet protocol type, and CoS. ACLs can be applied to inbound or outbound direction
on an interface. The S5700-EI supports a flow-based two-rate three-color CAR. Each port
supports eight priority queues and multiple queue scheduling algorithms such as WRR, DRR,
PQ, WRR+PQ, and DRR+PQ. All of these ensure the quality of voice, video, and data
services.
The S5700-EI provides multiple security measures to defend against Denial of Service (DoS)
attacks, and attacks against networks or users. DoS attack types include SYN Flood attacks,
Land attacks, Smurf attacks, and ICMP Flood attacks. Attacks to networks refer to STP
BPDU/root attacks. Attacks to users include bogus DHCP server attacks, man-in-the-middle
attacks, IP/MAC spoofing attacks, DHCP request flood attacks. DoS attacks that change the
CHADDR field in DHCP packets are also attacks against users.
The S5700-EI supports DHCP snooping, which discards invalid packets that do not match any
binding entries, such as ARP spoofing packets and IP spoofing packets. This prevents
man-in-the-middle attacks to campus networks that hackers initiate by using ARP packets.
The interface connected to a DHCP server can be configured as a trusted interface to protect
the system against bogus DHCP server attacks.
The S5700-EI supports strict ARP learning, which prevents ARP spoofing attacks that will
exhaust ARP entries. It also provides IP source check to prevent DoS attacks caused by MAC
address spoofing, IP address spoofing, and MAC/IP spoofing.
The S5700-EI supports centralized MAC address authentication, 802.1x authentication, and
NAC. It authenticates users based on statically or dynamically bound user information such as
the user name, IP address, MAC address, VLAN ID, access interface, and flag
indicating whether antivirus software is installed. VLANs, QoS policies, and ACLs can be
applied to users dynamically.
The S5700-EI can limit the number of MAC addresses learned on an interface to prevent
attackers from exhausting MAC address entries by using bogus source MAC addresses. This
function minimizes packet flooding that occurs when MAC addresses of users cannot be
found in the MAC address table.

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Fine-grained traffic management


The S5710-EI supports NetStream. The NetStream module supports V5, V8, and V9 packet
formats and provides various traffic analysis functions, such as real-time traffic sampling,
dynamic report generation, traffic attribute analysis, and traffic exception report. The
Netstream module enables administrators to monitor network status in real time and provides
applications and analysis functions including potential fault detection, effective fault
rectification, fast problem handling, and security monitoring, to help customers optimize
network structure and adjust resource deployment.
The S5700-EI supports the Sampled Flow (sFlow) function, which uses a sampling
mechanism to obtain statistics about traffic forwarded on a network and sends the statistics to
the Collector in real time. The Collector analyzes traffic statistics to help customers manage
network traffic efficiently. The S5700-EI integrates the sFlow Agent module and uses
hardware for traffic monitoring. Unlike traffic monitoring through port mirroring, sFlow does
not degrade network performance during traffic monitoring.
Easy deployment and maintenance free
The S5700-EI supports automatic configuration, plug-and-play, and batch remote upgrade.
These capabilities simplify device management and maintenance and reduce maintenance
costs. The S5700-EI supports SNMP v1/v2/v3 and provides flexible methods for managing
devices. Users can manage the S5700-EI using the CLI and Web NMS. The NQA function
helps users with network planning and upgrades. In addition, the S5700-EI supports NTP,
SSH v2, HWTACACS+, RMON, log hosts, and port-based traffic statistics.
The S5700-EI supports the GARP VLAN Registration Protocol (GVRP), which dynamically
distributes, registers, and propagates VLAN attributes to reduce manual
configuration workloads of network administrators and to ensure correct VLAN configuration.
In a complex network topology, GVRP simplifies VLAN configuration and reduces network
communication faults caused by incorrect VLAN configuration.
The S5700-EI supports MUX VLAN. MUX VLAN isolates Layer 2 traffic between interfaces
in a VLAN. Interfaces in a subordinate separate VLAN can communicate with ports in the
principal VLAN but cannot communicate with each other. MUX VLAN is usually used on an
enterprise intranet to isolate user interfaces from each other but allow them to
communicate with server interfaces. This function prevents communication between network
devices connected to certain interfaces or interface groups but allows the devices to
communicate with the default gateway.
PoE function
The S5700-EI PWR can use PoE power supplies with different power levels to provide
-48V DC power for powered devices (PDs) such as IP Phones, WLAN APs, and Bluetooth
APs. In its role as power sourcing equipment (PSE), the S5700-EI PWR complies with IEEE
802.3af and 802.3at (PoE+) and can work with PDs that are incompatible with 802.3af or
802.3at. Each port provides a maximum of 30 W power, complying with IEEE 802.3at. The
PoE+ function increases the maximum power of each port and implements intelligent power
management for high-power consumption applications. This facilitates the use of PDs. PoE
ports can work in power-saving mode. The S5700-EI PWR provides improved PoE solutions.
Users can configure whether and when a PoE port supplies power.
High scalability
The S5700-EI supports intelligent stacking (iStack). Multiple S5700-EI switches can be
connected with stack cables to set up a stack, which functions as a virtual switch. A stack
consists of a master switch, a backup switch, and several slave switches. The backup switch
takes over services when the master switch fails, reducing service interruption time. Stacks
support intelligent upgrade so that users do not need to change the software version of a

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switch when adding it to a stack. The iStack function allows users to connect multiple
switches with stack cables to expand system capacity. These switches can be managed using a
single IP address, which greatly reduces the costs of system expansion, operation, and
maintenance. Compared with traditional networking technologies, iStack has advantages in
scalability, reliability, and system architecture.
Various IPv6 features
The S5700-EI supports IPv4/IPv6 dual stack and can migrate from an IPv4 network to an
IPv6 network. S5700-EI hardware supports IPv4/IPv6 dual stack, IPv6 over IPv4 tunnels
(including manual tunnels, 6to4 tunnels, and ISATAP tunnels), and Layer 3 line-speed
forwarding. The S5700-EI can be deployed on IPv4 networks, IPv6 networks, or networks
that run both IPv4 and IPv6. This makes networking flexible and enables a network to migrate
from IPv4 to IPv6.

Product Specifications
Item S5700-28C-EI/ S5700-28 S5700-52C-EI/ S5710-28C-E S5710-52C-EI
S5700-28C-PWR C-EI-24S S5700-52C-PW I S5710-52C-PWR-EI
-EI R-E S5710-28C-P S5710-52C-PWR-EI
WR-EI-AC -AC
1000M port 24*10/100/1000B 24*100/10 48*10/100/1000B 24*10/100/10 48*10/100/1000Base
ase-T 00Base-X, ase-T 00Base-T, 4 -T, 4*10GE SFP +
4 of which of which are
are dual-purpose
dual-purp 10/100/1000
ose or SFP,
10/100/10 4*10GE SFP
00 or SFP +
Extended S5700C Provide two extended slots, one for an uplink subcard and the other for a stack card.
slot S5710C Provide two extended slots for uplink subcards.
MAC IEEE 802.1d compliance
address table 32K MAC
MAC address learning and aging
Static, dynamic, and blackhole MAC address entries
Packet filtering based on source MAC addresses
VLAN 4K VLANs
Guest VLAN and voice VLAN
VLAN assignment based on MAC addresses, protocols, IP subnets, policies, and ports
1:1 and N:1 VLAN Mapping
Operating Operating temperature: 0OC–50OC
environment Relative humidity: 5%–95% (non-condensing)
Input AC:
voltage Rated voltage range: 100 V to 240 V AC, 50/60 Hz
Maximum voltage range: 90 V to 264 V AC, 50/60 Hz
DC:

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Item S5700-28C-EI/ S5700-28 S5700-52C-EI/ S5710-28C-E S5710-52C-EI


S5700-28C-PWR C-EI-24S S5700-52C-PW I S5710-52C-PWR-EI
-EI R-E S5710-28C-P S5710-52C-PWR-EI
WR-EI-AC -AC
Rated voltage range: –48 V to –60 V, DC
Maximum voltage range: –36 V to –72 V, DC
Note: PoE-support switches do not use DC power supplies.
Dimensions 442 mm x 420 mm x 43.6 mm
(W x D x H)
Power Non-PoE: < 60 W < 63 W Non-PoE: < 88 W Non-PoE:<10 Non-PoE:<165W
consumption PoE: < 842W PoE: < 930 W 0W PoE:< 1043W with
(PoE power: (PoE power: 740 PoE: <942W two 580W AC
740W) W) supplies(PoE power:
740 W),
or <1625W with two
1150W AC
supplies(PoE power:
1440 W)

7.4 Firewall
7.4.1 The USG2000/5100 series security gateway
The USG2000/5100 series is Huawei's unified security gateway developed to meet the
network security needs of various organizations including the government, enterprises, and
data centers. Based on industry-leading software and hardware architectures, the
USG2000/5150 series offers user-based security policies which integrate the professional
security technologies including IPS, anti-virus (AV), URL filtering, application control, and
anti-spam (AS). This series supports IPv6 protection and related transition technology, and
provides powerful, scalable, and sustainable security capabilities for customers in sectors as
diverse as government, banking, power generation, telecommunications, petroleum, education,
and manufacturing.

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Product Features
Exceptional performance and high stability
Superior performance for mass service processing: a maximum of 4G firewall throughput, 2G
VPN throughput, and high-capacity NAT.
High-density ports for various application scenarios: up to 88-Gigabit and 24-Fast Ethernet
high-density ports provide security on different networks, and help you with the creation of
security zones.
Super-long MTBF, ensuring service continuity: Redundant configuration of key components,
mature link switchover, and built-in bypass cards (supported by only the USG5100) prevent
hardware failures for extensive periods. A stable software platform for over 10 years'
commercial use and more than 100,000 devices on live networks around the world makes for
you a sustainable working environment.
Professional security for secure networks
Industry-leading AV engine with 99% identification accuracy: Based on Symantec's extensive
experience in AV technology, the AV engine features file-class content scanning. The
USG2000/5100 series integrates the AV technology with global-leading emulation
environment and virtual execution technology to provide a 99% identification ratio,
acknowledged by numerous international assessment organizations.
Professional IPS engine, disabling attack variants: With traditional attack code-based defenses,
a huge signature database needs to be maintained and updated to defend against attack
variants. This overloads the IPS engine and leads to substandard detection performance and a
high rate of false negatives and false positives. The USG2000/5100 series is backed by
Symantec’s advanced vulnerability defense technology and delivers virtual patches for
vulnerabilities (instead of attack code), disabling various attack variants.
Comprehensive AS capabilities: ensures the security of enterprise mail servers. Employees'
emails are filtered based on the mail body, subject, keyword, or attachment to avoid
information leak and the import of insecure factors.

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Real-time updates by a professional team, defending against zero-day attacks: A globally


deployed honeynet system, together with a professional team of over 300 people, make it
possible to keep abreast of the latest, hottest, and most dangerous system and software
vulnerabilities. You get rapid defense against zero-day attacks and a more secure office
network.
Online behavior management, improving employee productivity
Plentiful website categories, building a green Internet access environment: The URL database
containing 6.5 million website URLs and over 130 content categories helps to shield against
Trojan horse-embedded and phishing sites, block pornographic and gambling sites, delivers
green network environment, regulate employee online behaviors and prevent them from
engaging in activities that would harm internal network security, and avoid lawful risks.
Sophisticated application management, creating an efficient office network: The
USG2000/5100 series identifies over 1000 application protocols. Multi-dimensional control
measures based on the time, applications, users, bandwidth, and connection numbers ensure
bandwidth for mission-critical services and improve the bandwidth usage. You can work more
efficiently and have P2P, IM, game sites, and other websites under control.
Various reports: The USG2000/5100 series displays user behaviors by user, application, traffic,
and behavior to help you learn about network status.
Flexible configuration and quick deployment
User-oriented security policy: The USG2000/5100 series provides authority control of fine
granularity based on technologies such as user-based access control, traffic limiting,
application control and content security, and policy-based routing. Free from the complexity
of IP-based configuration, the USG2000/5100 series is easy and flexible to configure and
provides more accurate authority control.
Unified policy configuration: You can configure all policies on a centralized configuration
interface, which simplifies, speeds up, and ensures the completeness of the configuration.
Professional configuration wizard: The USG2000/5100 series provides a Web-based
configuration wizard and a friendly user interface to guide administrative operations.

Product Specifications
Model USG2110F/FW USG2110AW/AGWW/ USG2160/W
AGWC
Fixed WAN 2*10/100 WAN 1*10/100 WAN+1ADSL 1*10/100 WAN
Ports
Fixed LAN 8*10/100 LAN 8*10/100 LAN 8*10/100 LAN
Ports
Maximum 10FE 9FE 17FE+2GE
Ethernet
density
Expansion N N FE, GE, ADSL2+, G.SHDSL,
Cards E1/CE1, SA, 3G
Dimensions 280mm×190mm×35mm 280mm×190mm×35mm 420mm×255mm×44.45mm
(H x W x D)

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Model USG2110F/FW USG2110AW/AGWW/ USG2160/W


AGWC
Weight <2.0 kg <2.0 kg 5.0 kg
(full
configuratio
n)
Power AC:100~240V AC:100~240V AC:100~240V
Supply No redundancy No redundancy No redundancy
MTBF 12.67 year 12.67 year 12.67year

Model USG2230 USG2260 USG5120 USG5150

Fixed WAN Ports 2GE-Combo 2GE-Combo 2GE+2GE-Combo 4GE-Combo


Maximum Ethernet 26GE+16FE 26GE+16FE 68GE+16FE 88GE+24FE
density
Expansion slots 4 MIC + 2 FIC 4 MIC+2 FIC 2DFIC+2FIC+4MI 4DFIC+2FIC+4MIC
C
Expansion Cards FE, GE, ADSL2+, G.SHDSL, E1/CE1, SA, 3G, bypass*
Dimensions 442mm×420mm× 442mm×420mm×4 442mm×414mm×8 442mm×414mm×130.
(H x W x D) 44.45mm 4.45mm 6.1mm 5mm

Weight 5.4 kg 5.4 kg 6.5 kg 8.3 kg


(full configuration)
Power supply AC:100V~240V AC: 100V~240V AC:100~240V AC:100~240V
No redundancy DC: -48~-60V DC:-48~-60V DC:-48~-60V
No redundancy No redundancy Redundancy
MTBF 12.67 year 12.67 year 12.67 year 12.67 year

Only USG5120/USG5150 supports Bypass Card.

7.5 Network Management System


7.5.1 iManager U2000 ODN Management System
The U2000 ODN NMS, as the basic management platform in the iODN solution, works with
iODN devices and the iField to provide customers with E2E management of FTTx networks
through the whole lifecycle, improve the FTTx network usage, and protect customers'
investment on basic fiber infrastructures.

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 Due to the automatic identification technology for iODN devices, the U2000 ODN NMS
has the following functions:
− Real-time and accurate management for fiber resource allocation and connection
relationships
− Accurate management and fast verification for fiber resources
− Scheduling and fault diagnosis for optical routes
− Service provisioning
− Preventive maintenance inspection (PMI)
− Onsite troubleshooting
The U2000 ODN NMS helps operators enhance the capability of maintaining optical
access, optical transmission, and mobile backhaul services and reduce overall operation
and maintenance (O&M) costs.
 The U2000 ODN NMS, as a network management system (NMS) in the iODN solution,
provides a closed-loop procedure for iODN resource management and tool support for
onsite implementation, PMI, and troubleshooting. The U2000 ODN NMS helps
operators improve the O&M efficiency on FTTx networks and P2P optical networks and
reduce costs.
The iODN network, an intelligent optical distribution network, provides optical transmission
channels between OLTs and ONUs. From the central office (CO) to the user side, an iODN
network consists of two points (optical distribution point and user access point) and three
sections (feeder fiber, distribution fiber, and drop fiber).

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Figure 7-2 Position of the U2000 ODN NMS

P2P optical networks provides optical transmission channels between transport devices (such
as SDH) during optical route distribution and they are located in core equipment rooms.

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Figure 7-3 U2000 ODN NMS products on the P2P optical network

 iODN: intelligent optical distribution network


 FTTx: fiber to the x, including FTTH (fiber to the home), FTTP (fiber to the premise),
FTTC (fiber to the curb), and FTTN (fiber to the node or neighborhood).
 N2510 OLS: provides the fast diagnosis function to determine the affected areas of a
fault that occurs on the xPON network, identify the fault type, and pinpoint the fault.
 MDS6690: The MDS6690 is professional ODN network planning and design software
that provides customers with professional ODN network plan and design. For an ODN
network, The MDS6690 plans and designs c of optical lines, devices, and civil
engineering elements between the OLTs and ONUs on an FTTx network.
 DCN: data communication network.
 Wireless network: The U2000 ODN NMS communicates with the iField through
a wireless network. Wireless communication solutions include 3G or 2G communication
solution, WiFi communication solution, and VPN communication solution. VPN
communication solution is recommended because it reduces public IP addresses and
features high security.
 OLT: optical line terminal.
 ONU: optical network unit.
 iField: intelligent field, iODN solution-specific software capable of implementation
management, iODN device management, service optical route queries, and inspection
and supportive for iODN device installation and network troubleshooting onsite.
 iODF: intelligent optical distribution frames (iODFs) at the central office (CO),
transmission equipment room, community, and base station (BS). It can connect,
terminate, distribute, and schedule feeder fibers from the office. In FTTx networks,
iODFs can work with optical splitters to split optical signals.
 iFDT: intelligent fiber distribution terminal in outdoor environments. It can connect
feeder fibers and distribution fibers. With splicing and distribution units, the iFDT can

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splice and distribute fibers. In FTTx networks, the iFDT works with optical splitters to
split optical signals.
 iFAT: intelligent fiber access terminal on outdoor poles, walls, or indoor telecom risers.
The iFAT can connect, divide, and distribute distribution fibers and drop fibers. In FTTx
networks, iFATs can work with optical splitters to split optical signals.
 SDH: Synchronous Digital Hierarchy.

Product Features
The U2000 ODN NMS supports both B/S and C/S architectures, displays entire optical routes,
synchronizes data from the resource management system (RMS) to ensure the accuracy of
resource data, locates optical route faults quickly and vividly, and provides the GIS mapping
functions.
B/S and C/S Architectures
The U2000 ODN NMS supports browser/server (B/S) and client/server (C/S) architectures.
 The B/S architecture supports service features such as iODN device and optical route
management, order management, resource management in the GIS interface, and
pipeline resource management.
 The C/S architecture supports service features such as alarm, user security, and log
management, excluding device and optical route management.
Visualized User Interface Displaying iODN Devices and Connections
Fully considering user's operation habits, the U2000 ODN NMS provides friendly and
intuitive GUIs for iODN network management as follows:
 Intuitive Device Panel displays patch cord and splicing connections between devices
after configured splicing data is configured or the devices are connected by deploying
fiber patch cords and splicing fibers in the GIS map.
 Intuitive Device Panel facilitates device status monitoring.
 Web clients allow resources locating in the GIS map and accurately display device
location to facilitate device information view.
 Visualized O&M GUI of the optical cable topology allows users to learn about and
monitor the running status of the iODN network.
Efficient iODN Implementation with Order Management
The U2000 ODN NMS uses the order management, the iField, or lighting instructions from
the NMS to visualize iODN order implementation. Electronic implementation ensures
resource accuracy and improves the implementation efficiency.
 Order management allows you to perform various order-related operations, such as
creating optical route orders, obtaining orders from the order system, assigning
implementation engineer, and uploading finished orders to the U2000 ODN NMS and
order system.
 By default, the U2000 ODN NMS splits a service order into several work orders based
on devices. The U2000 ODN NMS or iField lights the indicators of iODN ports
on which the work orders are to be implemented, automatically verifies implemented
ports, and prompts errors of fiber patch cord deployment. Therefore, engineers can
implement the orders efficiently.
 The U2000 ODN NMS supports indicator mode switching between All ports mode and
Two ports mode to instruct online implementation.

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Table 7-6 Indicator modes for online implementation

Indicator Description Principle Supported Device


Mode Version
All ports mode The U2000 ODN  Steady on: The port is V100R002C01SPC001
NMS lights the available for fiber V100R003C61
indicators of all insertion.
ports being  Blinking: If an idle
implemented. port blinks frequently,
a fiber is to be inserted
into the port; if an
occupied port blinks
frequently, the fiber is
to be removed from
the port.
Two ports The U2000 ODN  Steady on: The port is
mode NMS lights one or available for fiber
a pair of ports insertion.
being  Blinking: A wrong
implemented. fiber is inserted into
the port (eID
unmatched).

 After work orders are implemented, the Order Status then changes to Completed. You
can trace the implementation progress according to the order status to improve the
implementation efficiency and accuracy.
Flexible Configuration and Intuitive View of a Complete Optical Route
The U2000 ODN NMS can schedule optical routes automatically, support flexible optical
route, and intuitively display a complete optical route that meets the filter criteria.
 Automatically schedule optical routes.
When a PON physical optical route order, service optical route order, or common optical
route order (in which source and sink devices are main transmission devices) issued by
the order system contains no configured optical route, or when you manually create an
order and select the Auto Schedule Optical Route check box during the creation, the
U2000 ODN NMS automatically schedules the optimal optical route for the optical route
order based on the source and sink port information. If the scheduling succeeds, a PON
physical optical route order, service optical route order, or common optical route order in
the To be assigned state is added to the service order list on the U2000 ODN NMS.
 Manually configure optical routes.
If the scheduling fails, a PON physical optical route order, service optical route order, or
common optical route order in the configure route state is added to the service order list
on the U2000 ODN NMS. You need to manually configure an optical route following the
instruction of the wizard.
 In the Query Optical Route window, the U2000 ODN NMS searches and intuitively
displays optical routes based on entered ports, ONUs, optical routes, and user names.
 In the FTTx view window, the U2000 ODN NMS quickly displays the logical optical
route from the OLT to the splitter and ONU based on entered port codes (consist of the
device ID and port ID) or optical names, and displays managed devices and their

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connections in a topology. You can learn about the networking of the entire network in
real time by viewing the topology.
RMS Data Synchronization Ensuring Accurate Resource Data
The iODN brings 3A-level intelligent fiber management, scheduled synchronization of
resource data, and timely and efficient resource data refresh. 3A refers to available, accurate,
and automatic.
 Periodically synchronize database resources.
− Data on devices and the resource management system can be synchronized
automatically or manually, which ensures correct port information and avoids wasted
implementation to save time and resources for customers.
− Data is automatically updated after finished orders are uploaded, which ensures
correct optical route information and provides powerful support for fault rectification.
 Automatically manage fiber information.
The U2000 ODN NMS provides a complete iODN resource management procedure and
refreshes data automatically, which avoids information errors and incompleteness
introduced by manual input.
Quick and Intuitive Optical Route Fault Locating After Interconnection with the N2510
OLS
 After interconnecting with the N2510 OLS, the U2000 ODN NMS sends pipeline
resource data to the N2510 OLS, which can identify logical fault points.
 The N2510 OLS returns the test result to the N2510 OLS for locating faults in the GIS
map. The N2510 OLS sends fault locating information to the N2510 OLS, which will
invoke the GIS interface to display the fault points. Based on the fault locations and
causes, implementation engineers troubleshoot faults onsite in a timely manner to
improve customer satisfaction.
Visualized GIP Map Resources
In the GIS map for resource management, you can input, query, export, locate, and associate
resources. The GIS GUI is user-friendly to facilitate operations.
Interconnection with the MDS6690 to Facilitate Network Resource Plan
After interconnecting with the MDS6690, the U2000 ODN NMS exchanges resource
data with it to manage and utilize resource planning data.
 Use the MDS6690 to plan ODN resources and implement the project based on planned
data. After the project implementation is completed and accepted, export data files
in .csv format from the MDS6690 according to uploaded data. Then import the .csv files
to the U2000 ODN NMS for resource management.
 For ODN network capacity expansion, import resource data in .shp files from the U2000
ODN NMS to the MDS6690. You can utilize existing ODN resource data for network
expansion plan to improve the efficiency.

Product Specifications
This topic describes the hardware and software configuration requirements for the U2000
ODN NMS server and clients.

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Server Configuration
This topic describes the hardware and software configuration requirements for the U2000
ODN NMS server.
Hardware Configuration
The U2000 ODN NMS server can run on various models of Windows-based computers. Table
shows the hardware configuration requirements for the U2000 ODN NMS server.

Table 7-7 Hardware configuration requirements

PC Server Configuration
IBM X3650M3 (for medium-sized CPU: 2 x Xeon 4-core 2.66 GHz or higher
networks: fewer than 1,000,000 iODN Memory: 32 GB
device ports)
Hard disk: 8 x 300 GB
IBM X3850X5 (for large-sized networks: CPU: 4 x Xeon 8-core E7-4820 2.0 GHz or
fewer than 3,000,000 iODN device ports) higher
Memory: 32 GB
Hard disk: 8 x 300 GB

Software Configuration
Table shows the software configuration requirements for the U2000 ODN NMS server.

Table 7-8 Software configuration requirements

Item Software OS Database Version


Platform
Delivery x86 (Windows Windows MS SQL Server 2008 R2
software 64bit) Server 2008 R2 Standard with SP1
configuration Standard
Compatible x86 (Windows Windows  MS SQL Server 2008 R2
operating 32bit) Server 2003 R2 Standard with SP1 (supporting
platform Enterprise with the ArcGIS function)
SP2  MS SQL Server 2000
Standard with SP4 +
SQL2000-KB916287-v8.00.21
87 (not supporting the ArcGIS
function)

Client Configuration
This topic describes the hardware and software configuration requirements for the U2000
ODN NMS clients (Java and Web).
Java Client

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Table shows the configuration requirements for the Windows-based Java client.

Table 7-9 Configuration requirements for the Windows-based Java client

Hardware OS

Recommended  Recommended: Windows 7 Professional (32 bit)


configuration: Intel E5300  Compatible: Windows XP Professional (Service Pack 3)
or higher, 4 GB memory,
and 320 GB or larger hard
disk

Minimum configuration:
CPU: 2 GHz or above;
memory: 1 GB; hard disk:
80 GB

Web Client
Table shows the configuration requirements for the Web client on the U2000 ODN NMS.

Table 7-10 Configuration requirements for the Web client

Configuration Browser Version


Internet Explorer Internet Explorer 8.0 or above (with ChromeFrame BHO
installed)
Firefox 3.6 or above
Adobe Flash Player 11.0 or above

7.6 Server
7.6.1 Tecal RH5885 V2 Rack Server
With rapid development of technology and software applications, customers have high
requirements for cost, performance, maintainability, and reliability of servers. Huawei has
developed the high-performance enterprise-level HUAWEI Tecal RH5885 V2 rack server
(RH5885 V2 for short) that uses the latest Intel processors based on its rich experience in
servers.
The RH5885 V2 provides higher flexibility, scalability, performance, and reliability than the
servers of earlier versions. The processing capability, memory capacity, and I/O capability can
be flexibly configured to meet requirements for database applications, virtualization, and
in-memory computing.
The RH5885 V2 is a 4 U rack server. In standard configuration, an RH5885 V2 comes with
two processors. It can be configured with a maximum of four processors. Two RH5885 V2
servers can be cascaded to provide 8-processor processing capability. The RH5885 V2 can be

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configured with two to 128 dual in-line memory modules (DIMMs), which allows flexible
configuration and easy expansion and helps increase return on investment (ROI).
Figure 7-4 shows the RH5885 V2.

Figure 7-4 RH5885 V2

Product Features
The RH5885 V2 is a high-performance rack server that uses the latest Intel® Xeon®
processors. It features high performance, reliability, and scalability, and easy maintenance and
management, and applies to databases, virtualization, and enterprise applications.
The RH5885 V2 has the following features:
High performance and large capacity
 The RH5885 V2 uses the latest Intel Xeon E7-8800/4800 (Westmere-EX) series
processors and provides higher performance than previous-generation servers.
 The RH5885 V2 supports 32 GB DIMMs, which doubles the memory capacity of
previous-generation servers. The high-performance processors and
large-capacity DIMMs support larger databases and more VMs, reducing the number of
servers and licensing fees for software, and shortening the ROI cycle.
Comprehensive RAS features
 Supports memory mirroring and single device data correction (SDDC).
 Supports double device data correction (DDDC).
 Supports accurate fault detection and identification.
 Reduces risks of system breakdowns and facilitates fault recoveries.
High scalability
 The number of processors can be flexibly scaled from 4 to 8. Two 4-socket RH5885 V2
servers can be cascaded to provide up to 8-processor processing capacity.
 The memory capacity can be scaled based on service loads.
 All types of PCIe devices can be installed on the RH5885 V2.
High-performance GPU cards
 Supports up to two universal GPU cards.
 Resolves bottlenecks for media applications and helps provide media services efficiently.
 Meets requirements for high-performance computing.
Flexible configurations for onboard Ethernet

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 Supports different configurations for onboard Ethernet based on service requirements.


 Supports 10GE Ethernet to resolve network traffic bottlenecks and enable more VMs and
applications.
 Uses onboard gigabit Ethernet (GE) ports instead of the expensive 10GE ports when the
traffic volume is low.
 Supports TOE and fiber channel over Ethernet (FCoE) to minimize the need for
processor resources and reduce network construction costs for data centers.
Simple maintenance
 Supports online replacement of fan modules without powering off the server or opening
the chassis cover.
 Allows PCIe devices to be installed or removed without opening the chassis cover,
shortening maintenance and upgrade time
 Supports hot-swappable PSUs for online maintenance.
 Provides front and rear video graphics array (VGA) and USB ports to facilitate
maintenance.
 Changes onboard Ethernet configurations as required without opening the chassis cover.
More redundant components
 Supports redundant fan modules and PSUs.
 Supports various RAID features to protect data.
 Reduces risks of single point of failures to shorten the breakdown time.
Green and energy-saving design
 Uses highly efficient PSUs to reduce power consumption in data centers.
 Supports multi-level intelligent fan speed control to reduce power consumption and
noise.
High compatibility
 Supports Windows Server, RedHat, and SUSE.
 Supports VMware and Xen applications.
 Supports mainstream networks and storage devices.
 Provides comprehensive compatibility verification to ensure reliability, protect
customers' investment, and reduce the cost of purchase and O&M.

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Product Specifications
Component Specifications

4 U 4-socket Rack Server 8 U 8-socket Rack Server

Processor  Number of processors: 2 or 4  Number of processors: 8


 Processor model: Intel® Xeon®  Processor model: Intel® Xeon®
E7-4800/8800 (Westmere-EX) E7-8800 (Westmere-EX)
 Core option: 6, 8, or 10  Core options: 8 or 10
 Maximum frequency: 2.67 GHz  Maximum frequency: 2.67 GHz
 Maximum L3 cache: 30 MB  Maximum L3 cache: 30 MB
 Power consumption: 95 W, 105 W,  Power consumption: 105 W or
or 130 W 130 W

Chipset Intel 7500 Intel 7500


Memory  64 DDR3 DIMMs  128 DDR3 DIMMs
 Memory speed: DDR3  Memory speed: DDR3
800/978/1066 MHz 800/978/1066 MHz
 Capacity of a DIMM: 4 GB, 8 GB,  Capacity of a DIMM: 4 GB, 8
16 GB, or 32 GB GB, 16 GB, or 32 GB
Maximum memory capacity: 2 TB Maximum memory capacity: 4
TB
Storage Eight front and two rear 2.5-inch hot 16 front 2.5-inch hot swappable
swappable SAS or SATA hard disks, SAS or SATA hard disks, or SSDs
or SSDs
RAID  RAID 0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, and 60  RAID 0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, and 60
support  Cache capacity: 512 MB or 1 GB  Cache capacity: 512 MB or 1 GB
 BBU support  BBU support
LOM Four onboard GE ports Eight onboard GE ports
network port Optional two 10GE ports Optional four 10GE ports
Onboard Z11 video chip with 64 MB display Z11 video chip with 64 MB display
graphics card memory integrated on the memory integrated on the
mainboardThe maximum resolution mainboardThe maximum
is 1600 x1200 at 70 Hz with 16 M resolution is 1600 x1200 at 70
colors. Hz with 16 M colors.
PCIe slot  Eight full-height full-length PCIe  16 full-height full-length PCIe
2.0 slots 2.0 slots
 Up to two GPGPUs  Up to four GPGPUs
 PCIe cards can be installed or  PCIe cards can be installed or
removed without opening the removed without opening the
chassis cover (standard chassis cover (standard
configuration) configuration)
 One internal PCIe 2.0 x8 slot for a  Two internal PCIe 2.0 x8 slots
RAID controller card for RAID controller cards

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Component Specifications

4 U 4-socket Rack Server 8 U 8-socket Rack Server

USB port 5 (front: 2; rear: 2; internal: 1) 5 (front: 2; rear: 2; internal: 1)


Fan module Six hot-swappable counter-rotating 12 hot-swappable
fan modules, allowing one-fan counter-rotating fan
failures modules, working in N+1
redundancy mode
PSU  Two hot-swappable 80 Plus  Four hot-swappable 80 Plus
Platinum PSUs, working in 1+1 Platinum PSUs, working in 1+1
redundancy mode redundancy mode
 110 V/220 V AC  110 V/220 V AC
External port 4-socket configuration:
 Front panel: two USB 2.0 ports, one standard DB-15 VGA port, one
Power indicator/button, one UID indicator/button, and one diagnosis
panel
 Rear panel: two USB 2.0 ports, one standard DB-15 VGA port, one
RS232 (RJ45) serial port, one FE management network port, Ethernet
ports (port quantity and types vary with Ethernet types), and one UID
indicator
8-socket configuration:
The previous ports are available only on the master node.
Management  Integrated BMC
 IPMI 2.0, SNMP v3, SNMP Trap v1, CIM, and WS-MAN
 SOL, KVM over IP, WebUI, CLI, IPMI tools, and virtual media
 Power query and power consumption statistics
 Black box management
Security Power-on password, administrator's password, and TPM
feature
Operating Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. Update 1 Server for x86/Intel EM64T
systems SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 Service Pack 1 for x86/Intel EM64T
supported
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2008, R2 SP1 64-bit
Oracle Enterprise Linux 6.1 Server x86_64
Oracle Server VM 3.0.2
Citrix Xen Server 6.0.0
VMware ESXi 4.1.0
VMware ESXi 5.0.0
Certification CE, UL, FCC, ENERGY STAR

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7.6.2 Tecal RH2485 V2 Rack Server


The HUAWEI Tecal RH2485 V2 rack server (RH2485 V2 for short) is a 2U 4-socket rack
server launched by Huawei to meet customers' requirements for high-performance computing
(HPC), cloud computing, enterprise market applications, and telecom service applications.
The RH2485 V2 applies to the scenarios that use high-performance computing, databases,
virtualization, basic enterprise applications, and telecom service applications.
Figure 7-5 shows the RH2485 V2.

Figure 7-5 RH2485 V2

Product Features
Performance and Scalability
The RH2485 V2 offers the following features to boost performance and improve scalability:
 The RH2485 V2 uses the Intel® Xeon® E5-4600 series processors. Each processor has
up to eight cores and a L3 cache of 20 MB at a frequency of 2.9 GHz, with two 8 GT/s
QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) links between processors. This enables the RH2485 V2 to
provide optimal processing performance.
 Each RH2485 V2 supports four processors, 32 cores, and 64 threads to maximize the
concurrent execution of multithreaded applications.
 Intelligent and adaptive system performance provided by Intel's Turbo Boost Technology
2.0 enables the processor cores to run at maximum speeds during peak workloads by
temporarily going beyond the processor thermal design power (TDP).
 Intel's Hyper-Threading Technology boosts performance for multithreaded applications
by enabling concurrent execution of multithreaded applications within each processor
core, up to two threads per core.
 Intel's Virtualization Technology integrates hardware-level virtualization functions to
allow operating system (OS) vendors to better use hardware for addressing
virtualization workloads.
 Integrated with Intel Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX), the RH2485 V2 improves
floating-point computing performance for computing-intensive applications.
 A total of 48 DDR3 error checking and correcting (ECC) load-reduced DIMMs
(LRDIMMs) provide a maximum speed of 1600 MHz and a maximum memory capacity
of 1.5 TB.
 The use of solid-state drives (SSDs) provides better I/O performance than using hard
disks or using SSDs and hard disks. An SSD supports up to 100 times more I/O
operations per second (IOPS) than a typical hard disk.
 The RH 2485 V2 provides eight 2.5-inch hard disk slots, which offers elastic and
scalable memory capacity to satisfy capacity and upgrade requirements.

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 The RH2485 V2 provides four integrated Gigabit Ethernet (GE) ports and an optional 10
GE controller card.
 The RH2485 V2 provides eight peripheral component interconnect express (PCIe) 3.0
expansion slots to satisfy various I/O expansion requirements.
 The RH2485 V2 supports PCIe 3.0, which increases the maximum I/O bandwidth by 100%
(8 GB/s) compared with PCIe 2.0.
 The Intel integrated I/O technology enables the PCIe 3.0 controller to be integrated into
the Intel® Xeon® E5-4600 series processors. This shortens I/O latency and enhances
overall system performance.
Availability and Serviceability
The RH2485 V2 provides the following features to improve availability and serviceability:
 The RH2485 V2 uses carrier-class components and follows the engineering
process, which dramatically improves system reliability.
 The RH2485 V2 provides hot-swappable serial advanced technology attachment (SATA)
hard disks, serial attached small computer system interface (SAS) hard disks, or SSDs. It
supports RAID 0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, and 60 with a RAID cache, and uses backup battery
units (BBU) or supercapacitor for power-off protection.
 The UID and HLY indicators on the front panel and the baseboard management
controller (BMC) web user interface (WebUI) help O&M personnel quickly locate the
faulty components. This simplifies servicing, accelerates troubleshooting, and helps
improve system availability.
 SSDs offer better reliability than hard disks, prolonging system uptime.
 The integrated BMC module (iMana) continuously monitors system parameters, triggers
alarms, and performs recovery actions to minimize system downtime caused by failures.
 For the RH2485 V2 used in China, Huawei provides three-year warranty and 5 x 9 x
Next Business Day (NBD) return for repair services. Huawei also provides optional
service upgrades.
 For the RH2485 V2 used outside China, Huawei provides three-year warranty and 9 x 5
x 45 calendar days shipment (CDS) return for repair services.
Manageability and Security
The RH2485 V2 provides the following features to enhance manageability and security:
 The built-in iMana monitors server running status and provides remote management.
 An integrated industry-standard Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) increases
setting, configuring, and updating efficiencies, and simplifies error handling.
 The optional trusted platform module (TPM) 1.2 provides advanced encryption functions,
such as digital signatures and remote authentication.
 The industry-standard advanced encryption standard–new instruction (AES NI)
implements fast and strong encryption.
 The Intel Execute Disable Bit (EDB) function works with the supported OS to prevent
certain types of malicious buffer overflow attacks.
 The Intel Trusted Execution Technology provides enhanced security by using
hardware-based resistance against malicious software attacks, allowing an application to
run in an isolated space that is protected from all other applications running on the OS.
 The network controller sideband interface (NC-SI) feature supports multiplexing of
management and service network ports, maximizing return on investment (ROI).
Energy Efficiency

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The RH2485 V2 offers the following features to save energy:


 The RH2485 V2 uses 1200 W or 800 W 80 Plus Platinum power supply units
(PSUs) with 94% power efficiency at 50% loads.
 The Intel Intelligent Power Capability powers on or off a processor based on site
requirements to reduce power consumption.
 Low-voltage Intel® Xeon® processors consume less energy to satisfy demands of power
and thermally constrained data centers and telecommunication environments.
 Low-voltage 1.35 V DDR3 RDIMMs consume 15% less energy than 1.5 V DDR3
RDIMMs.
 SSDs consume 80% less power than hard disks.
 The improved thermal design with energy-efficient fan modules reduces power
consumption.
 The efficient voltage regulator down (VRD) PSUs reduce the loss in DC/DC power
conversion.
 The RH2485 V2 supports partition-based and intelligent fan speed adjustment and
intelligent processor frequency adjustment, reducing power consumption.
 The RH2485 V2 provides power capping and power control functions.
 Hard disks are not powered on at the same time, which reduces the server startup power
consumption.
Customization
 Huawei designs the product and owns the intellectual property.
 Huawei provides quick customized development and delivery.

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Product Specifications
Component Specifications

Form factor 2U rack server

Processor  Up to four Intel® Xeon® E5-4600 series CPUs


 Core options: 4 (2.0 GHz), 6 (2.9 GHz), or 8 (2.7 GHz)
 Two QPI links, up to 8.0 GT/s
 Maximum memory speed: 1600 MHz
 Maximum L3 cache: 20 MB

Chipset Intel C600 series

Memory  Up to 48 DIMM slots (12 DIMMs per processor) for installing


RDIMMs or LRDIMMs:
1. RDIMM: Up to 768 GB with 48 x 16 GB RDIMMs for two
processors
2. LRDIMM: Up to 1.5 TB with 48 x 32 GB LRDIMMs for two
processors
The RH2485 V2 can be configured with either of the preceding
types of memory.
 Maximum memory speed: 1600 MHz
 Memory protection: ECC

Internal storage  Up to eight 2.5-inch hot-swappable hard disk slots


 8 x 2.5'' SAS/SATA hard disks
Maximum storage capacity:
7.2 TB (SAS hard disks)
8 TB (SATA hard disks)
 Mixed configuration of SAS and SATA hard disks and SSDs is
supported.

RAID support Various RAID controller cards are applicable to the RH2485 V2:
 SR120: supports RAID 0, 1, and 10.
 SR220: supports RAID 0, 1, 10, 5, and 50 with eight hard disks.
 SR620: supports RAID 0, 1, 10, 5, 50, 6, and 60 with eight hard
disks.
 SR220 and SR620: support a 512 MB or 1 GB cache.
The RH2485 V2 provides power-off protection options:
 BBU: 3 x 24 hours
 Supercapacitor: permanent

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LOM network  Four onboard integrated GE 1000BASE-T ports that use Intel
port 82580 network chips and support NC-SI
The Intel 82580 is a single-chip low-power device that supports
dual- or quad-port GE designs. It provides four 1000BASE-T
ports that integrate the Media Access Control (MAC), physical
layer (PHY), Serial Gigabit Media Independent Interface (SGMII)
and Serializer/Deserializer (SERDES), and supports PCIe 2.0.
 One optional 10GE controller card

Expansion slot Seven standard PCIe 3.0 slots for installing the following PCIe cards:
 One standard PCIe 3.0 x16 card of full height and full length

 One PCIe 3.0 x8 card of full length and three fourths height
 Five PCIe 3.0 x8 cards of half height

Port Front panel:


 Two USB 2.0 ports
 One DB-15 video port
Rear panel:
 Two USB 2.0 ports
 One DB-15 video port
 One DB-9 serial port
 One RJ-45 system management port
 Four RJ-45 GE network ports
 One internal USB port
 One built-in USB flash port (for the embedded system management
program)

Fan module Six hot-swappable counter-rotating fans, allowing single-fan failures

PSU  Two redundant hot-swappable PSUs: 800 W or 1200 W AC


 Conversion efficiency: up to 94%

System UEFI, Huawei iMana


management

Security feature Power-on password, administrator's password, and TPM

Display adapter Z11 video chip with 64 MB display memory integrated into the
mainboard
The maximum resolution is 1600 x 1200 at 70 Hz with 16 M colors.

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Supported OSs  Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2 32bit


 Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 64bit
 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. Update 1 Server for x86/Intel EM64T
 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 Service Pack 1 for x86/Intel
EM64T
 Oracle Enterprise Linux 6.1 Server X86_64
 Oracle Server VM 3.0.2
 Citrix XenServer 5.6.0
 Citrix XenServer 6.0.0
 VMware ESXI 4.1.0
 VMware ESXi 5.0.0

7.7 Storage
7.7.1 OceanStor S5600T/S6800T
The storage system is a new generation storage system based on the current industry
environment and development trend. The storage system combines files and blocks, various
protocols, and diversified management interfaces. It is based on the industry-leading hardware
specifications and integrates such high-end technologies as high density disk design,
TurboModule flexible interface module and hot swap design, TurboBoost three-level
performance boost technology, and multi-layer data protection technology. The storage system
satisfies the increasingly complicated storage requirements of various service applications at a
low cost, such as database online transaction processing, centralized storage, backup, disaster
recovery, and data migration, effectively ensuring the security and continuity of user services.
S5600T is oriented as the mid-range product, and S6800T is oriented as the high-end
entry-level product.

Product Features
High Performance and Scalability
 Industry-Leading hardware
Equipped with 64 bit multi-core processors and large capacity data caches.
Supporting 6 Gbit/s SAS 2.0 expansion ports, minimizing the hardware bandwidth
bottlenecks.
 Optimal scalability and flexibility
Self developed TurboModule technologies can significantly increase the density of
interface modules and ports in a single enclosure, and provide a flexible number
proportioning and slots layout of host and expansion interface modules, significantly
reducing maintenance cost.
 TurboBoost technology
Performance boosting empowered by high performance hardware components of latest
technologies; SmartCache monitors hotspot data and cache it to SSDs automatically,
achieving several times of performance boosting; Further boosting the performance by

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using the all SSD RAID group configuration to increase the performance to an ultra high
level. With these three-level performance boosting mechanisms, users can upgrade the
system performance on demand, lowering the total cost of ownership (TCO).
 High-speed cache mirroring bandwidth
The cache mirroring between dual controllers is processed by a dedicated high-speed
channel. This eliminates the bottlenecks of data exchange between the dual controllers.
High Reliability and Availability
 TurboModule technology
TurboModule technology provides hot swap capability to controllers, fans, power
modules, interface modules, BBUs, disk modules. Part replacement is totally transparent
to hosts.
TurboModule technology enables expansion and maintenance.
 Cache data protection
The BBUs ensure that data in the cache is written to the data coffer in case of a power
failure, increasing overall reliability.
 Disk pre-copy technology
Faulty disks are detected in advance and data on the disks to be faulty is migrated to
normal disks to avoid the RAID group reconstruction and extend disk life.
 Bad sector repair
Bad sectors are repaired with best effort, reducing the disk failure rate by 50% or above.
 Rich data protection technologies
The virtual snapshot technology can implement quick data backup.
The cross-platform LUN copy technology achieves data protection among
heterogeneous storage systems.
The remote replication technology fulfills remote data backup for disaster recovery.
High system security
 Security of management channels
The management operations from physical ports are controlled by the access
authentication mechanism of the storage system, and only authorized users are allowed
to manage the storage system.
 Security of the operating system
The storage system's native operating system has past the compatibility test and
vulnerability scanning test. Therefore, the operating system has wide compatibility and
no high-risk vulnerability exists.
 Anti-attack protection for protocols and ports
The storage system provides only necessary ports to the external for system operations
and maintenance. All the ports used are listed in the Communication Matrix. Dynamic
listening ports are functioning in the proper scope, and no unopened port exists.
 Security of system management and maintenance
The operations of users can be allowed and denied. All management operations are
logged by the system.
 Encrypted data transfer
On an iSCSI network, the VPN with the Data Encryption Standard (DES) function is
used for encrypting data transfer of remote replication and LUN copy among storage
systems, enhancing the data transfer security.

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Green
 Disk spin-down
Idle disks are spinned down, reducing power costs by 40%.
 Intelligent 16-step fan speed control
Based on the current system temperature, the system can adjust the fan speed to reduce
power costs and noises.
 Intelligent CPU frequency adjusting
Based on system workload, the system can adjust the CPU frequency, reducing power
costs.

Product Specifications
 System Parameter
Parameter
Name
S5600T S6800T
Maximum of
1152 1440
disk
Memory
24 GB or 48 GB 192 GB or 394 GB
capacity
Maximum
number of
48 60
expansion disk
enclosures
Maximum power consumption: Maximum power consumption:
598 W 830 W
Power
Operating power consumption: 328 Operating power consumption: 492
consumption
W W
Static power consumption: 318 W Static power consumption: 461 W
Supported type 4 U SAS disk enclosure
of disk
enclosure 2 U SAS disk enclosure

4 U SAS disk enclosure:


– 3.5 inch 15000 r/min SAS: 300 GB, 600GB
– 3.5 inch 7200 r/min NL-SAS: 2 TB, 3 TB,4 TB
– 3.5 inch 7200 r/min SATA: 1 TB, 2 TB, 3TB
Supported type – 3.5 inch SSD: 100 GB SLC, 200 GB SLC, 400 GB eMLC, 600 GB
of disk eMLC
2 U SAS disk enclosure:
– 2.5 inch 10000 r/min SAS: 300 GB, 600GB, 900 GB
– 2.5 inch SSD: 100 GB SLC, 200 GB SLC, 400 GB eMLC, 600 GB
eMLC
MTBF: 700,000 hours
Reliability
MTTR: 2 hours

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 Interface Module Configuration


Parameter
Name
S5600T S6800T
There are four types of interface modules:
8 Gbit/s Fibre Channel interface module with four ports
Interface
1 Gbit/s iSCSI interface module with four ports(Half duplex is not supported)
module
10 Gbit/s TOE interface module with four ports
10 Gbit/s FCoE interface module with four ports
8 Gbit/s Fibre Channel host port: 8 Gbit/s Fibre Channel host port:
Maximum 16 20
number of host 10 Gbit/s TOE host port: 16 10 Gbit/s TOE host port: 20
ports (each
controller) 10 Gbit/s FCoE host port: 16 10 Gbit/s FCoE host port: 20
1 Gbit/s iSCSI host port: 16 1 Gbit/s iSCSI host port: 20

Expansion There are two type of expansion modules:


module (each Two-port 4 x 6 Gbit/s mini SAS expansion module
controller) Four-port 4 Gbit/s Fibre Channel expansion module
A single management module supports the following ports:
Management One management network port
module One maintenance network port
One serial port

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A Appendix

A.1 Appendix 1: Typical Configurations


A.1.1 Typical Configurations of a Master Station of
the Distribution Automation System
General Configuration Principles
The scale of a project determines the ICT requirements of a master station of the distribution
automation system, to be specific, the number and performance of servers and switches. The
principles for configuring servers in the power system include redundancy and one server for
each function. Therefore, the more services are required, the more servers and switches need
to be configured, such as SCADA servers, DMS servers, GIS servers, test training servers,
Web servers, and antivirus servers. The more power stations are covered, the higher
performance is required from the servers and switches.
For a master station system that covers 1500 power stations, basic requirements on the ICT
equipment are listed in Table A-1.

Table A-1 Configuration list

No. Equipment Usage Equipment Type Number


1 Private network data collection RH5885 4
server
2 Public network data collection RH2488 2
server
3 SCADA server RH5885 4
4 DMS/OMS server RH5885 4
5 Historical data server RH5885 4
6 Data bus server RH2488 2
7 Development and maintenance RH2488 2
server
8 Training server RH2488 2

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No. Equipment Usage Equipment Type Number


9 Storage system OceanStor S5600T 2
10 FC storage switch SNS2120 2
11 Trunk router AR3200 2
12 Trunk firewall USG9520 4
13 Trunk switch S9700 2
14 Private network collection switch S5700 2
15 Public network collection switch S5700 2
16 Internal network gateway ASG2200 2
17 DMZ management server RH2288 2
18 Web server RH2488 2
19 Database relationship server RH2288 2
20 Data management IIS server RH2288 2
21 Data management application RH2288 2
server
22 Data backup server RH2288 2
23 Mail server RH2488 2
24 Antivirus server RH2488 2
25 GIS Web server RH5885 2
26 GIS database server RH5885 2
27 GIS application server RH5885 4
28 Application storage system OceanStor S5800T 4
29 FC storage switch SNS2120 2
30 Local backup database VTL6900 2
31 Application service switch S5700 2
32 Application service router ASG2200 2

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For a master station system that covers 400 power stations, basic requirements on the ICT
equipment are listed in Table A-2.

Table A-2 Configuration list

No. Equipment Usage Equipment Type Number


1 Private network data collection RH2488 2
server
2 Public network data collection RH2488 2
server
3 SCADA/DMS/OMS server RH2488 2
4 Historical data server RH2488 2
5 Data bus server RH2288 2
6 Development and maintenance RH2288 2
server
7 Storage system OceanStor S5600T 2
8 FC storage switch SNS2120 2
9 Trunk router AR2200 2
10 Trunk firewall USG5000 2
11 Trunk switch S3700 2
12 Private network collection switch S3700 2
13 Public network collection switch S3700 2
14 Internal network gateway ASG2200 2
15 DMZ management server RH2288 2
16 Mail server RH2488 2
17 Web server RH2288 2
18 Data management server RH2288 2
19 Antivirus server RH2288 2
20 GIS server RH2488 2
21 Application storage system OceanStor S5800T 4
22 FC storage switch SNS2120 2
23 Local backup database VTL6900 2
24 Application service switch S3700 2
25 Application service router ASG2200 2

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A.1.2 Typical Configurations of a Private Wireless LTE Network


for Power Distribution
For example, a project X aims to build a wireless broadband access system for 10
110kV/220kV substations, to implement power distribution automation, emergency
communication, real-time monitoring, and real-time collection of electricity amount. One
TD-LTE core network device is deployed in the central equipment room, one 1.8G TD-LTE
base station is deployed for each of the 10 substations, and 60 TD-LTE access terminals are
deployed in the coverage range of the 10 base stations, to implement the bidirectional
communication between DA points and measuring automation points.

Table A-3 Configuration list


No. Equipment Usage Equipment Type Number
1 1.8G TD-LTE 2-sector base station, including one 6
DBS3900 S11 BBU, one RRU, and 2 RF antenna
feeders
2 1.8G TD-LTE 3-sector base station, including one 4
DBS3900 S111 BBU, two RRUs, and 3 RF antenna
feeders
3 USN9810 Core network MME 1
4 UGW9811 Core network S/P-GW 1
5 NAU Used for FE/GE networking, to provide 1
a built-in DNS server and a GE firewall

A.1.3 Typical Configurations of an xPON Power Distribution


Network
Huawei PON access equipment is chosen. There are three substations, and each is
configured with one MA5683 OLT device. Each MA5683 device adopts 48V DC power,
requires a 19-inch cabinet, and is configured with eight PON interfaces and two uplink GE
interfaces.
There are 14 switching stations, and each is configured with an MA5621 ONU device (with
two PON interfaces), two 10:90 optical splitters, and one installation box for the optical
splitters. Each MA5621 device provides four 10M/100M/1000M Ethernet ports and two
RS232/485 serial interfaces.
One set of U2000 equipment is required, including the server, operating system, database
software, U2000 application software, and corresponding licenses.

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Table A-4 Configuration list

No. Equipment Usage Equipment Type Number


1 OLT MA5683T 3 One for each of the three
substations, with eight
PON interfaces
2 ONU MA5621 14 14 switching stations, one
for each
3 Optical splitter 14 14 switching stations, each
is configured with two
optical splitters and one
installation box for the
optical splitters
4 U2000 server hardware 1 One set for the entire
project, in the equipment
5 U2000 operating system 1 room of the installation site
and database software
6 Access network 1
management application
software

Typical Configurations for Power Distribution Monitoring and Environment


Monitoring

Table A-5 List of devices for electricity and security monitoring of one switching station

No. Equipment Requirement Number Remarks


Name
1 Power 2300 mm (H) x 900 mm (W) x 950 1
distribution mm (D) cabinet
monitoring YDJ400 power distribution
terminal (DTU) monitoring terminal, configured for
a maximum of 24 lines
2 Standby power Power charge and discharge unit, 1
system 48V/100Ah lead-acid battery
3 Communicatio Industrial optical interface switch 1
n equipment
4 Video encoder Video DVR device 1
5 Data tandem Video Ethernet data tandem 1
machine machine, including a hard disk

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No. Equipment Requirement Number Remarks


Name
6 Intelligent NCC-6084, SONY 480 core, 3 3 to 5 for
dome camera including power and a holder each room
based on
the room
size
7 Remote light 1
control
8 Smoke sensor 1
9 Door status 1
switch
10 Flood alarm 1
system
11 IP voice device 1

A.2 Appendix 2: Item List


Table A-6 Item list

No. Project Name Project Scope


1 PDA project in Zhoushan city xPON and video monitoring
2 PDA reconstruction project in Qingdao xPON
city
3 PDA reconstruction project in Zhuhai LTE
city

A.3 Appendix 3: Typical Projects


A.3.1 DA Project in Zhoushan City
Background
District P in Zhoushan city, Zhejiang province, China is selected as a sample of state grid
reconstruction in China. The DA reconstruction covers five areas. Real-time monitoring is
required for 10 kV switching stations, power distribution rooms, and ring network cabinets, to
display the real-time status of the entire power distribution network at the dispatch center,
provide technical support for monitoring and dispatching on the power distribution network,
and implement basic SCADA functions (telecommand, telemetry, and telecontrol) and remote
video monitoring (teleview) function on 10 kV electrical devices.

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To be specific:
 One set of main power distribution system is deployed at the power distribution bureau
of district P, including the SCADA and video monitoring system, to complete the basic
platform construction for the DA.
 In three among the five covered areas, 14 switching stations require reconstruction. The
power distribution monitoring terminal (DTU) is installed to collect electrical
measurement statistics and switching status information (telecommand, telemetry, and
alarm information). The telecontrol function is configured. Video monitoring equipment
is installed to monitor the status in video, and to integrate security monitoring measures,
including flood alarm, light control, door status switch, and smoke sensing.
 An optical communication system is constructed. Optical cables between substations and
switching stations are laid and related communication equipment (Ethernet access boards,
network switching equipment, OLT, ONU, and power modules) is deployed for the
substations and switching stations. New route switching equipment is added at the
master station to construct a private power distribution communication network.

Characteristics of Related Communication Technologies


In this solution, the network is divided into three layers, master station control layer (master
station), slave station communication layer (power distribution data network, backbone MSTP
network, and OLT), and access communication layer (ODN and ONU). The communication
devices for DA mainly consist of OLTs at the slave station communication layer and ODN
devices as well as ONUs at the access communication layer. The communication solution is
based on EPONs.
The scheme of cascaded uneven hand-in-hand dual PON interfaces is shown in Figure A-1.

Figure A-1 Solution illustration

The preceding solution is implemented using cascaded uneven optical splitters, to deploy an
ODN with scattered sites.

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 All ONU products of Huawei support the TYPE D protection with two MAC addresses.
The switching time is less than 50 ms. Inter-board protection on one OLT or across OLTs
is supported and the switching time is less than 50 ms.
 EPONs support the QoS-based dynamic bandwidth allocation mechanism required by
the electricity industry, to ensure that important services are executed first.
 Industrial electrical devices can work stably for a long time in harsh environment, such
as dramatic temperature difference, condensation due to high humidity, high voltage
fluctuation, and high electromagnetic radiation.

Customer Benefits
Extremely low latency, which satisfies the real-time bidirectional communication requirement
of power distribution data and ensures the real-time performance of power distribution
services (telecommand, telemetry, telecontrol, and teleview), and prevents power distribution
accidents caused by the failure to execute telecontrol commands due to network latency.
99.999% availability of the communication network, which ensures 7x24 hours of
non-interrupt running of power distribution services and ensures the correctness of power
distribution data. Key services, such as telecontrol commands, are executed first to prevent
power distribution accidents.

A.3.2 DA Reconstruction Project in Qingdao City


Qingdao Power Supply Company is directly subordinate to Shandong Electricity Corporation,
and is responsible for the power supply to seven districts and five counties of Qingdao. The
coverage area is 10654 square kilometers with millions of customers.

Background
The first two phases of the DA project cover most of the south and north parts of the city,
involving 104 10 kV lines and 19 substations.
 Phase one of the project covers three areas with 15 ring networks. DA reconstruction is
performed on 38 10 kV lines:
− Six cable ring networks for new residential communities in area A, consisting of one
switching station and 21 power distribution rooms (controlling 45 switchgears)
− Eight aerial ring networks in area B, controlling 61 pole mounted switches
− One hybrid (aerial and electrical cable) ring network in area C, consisting of four
power distribution rooms and eight switchgears
 Phase 2 of the project covers most areas in the north and some areas in the south of the
city, with 15 aerial ring networks, 10 electrical cable networks, 15 35 kV substations,
more than 60 10 kV lines, 6 switching stations, and 20 power distribution rooms. In total,
65 pole mounted switches, 7 ring network cabinets, more than 100 FTUs, and more than
50 motors are constructed.
 DA reconstruction is performed to 12 10 kV electrical cables to form six electrical cable
ring networks for six power distribution rooms.
Till now, the first two phases are complete, using Huawei DA EPON solution. 40 OLTs and
thousands of MA5621 have been deployed. The DA implementation rate of 10 kV lines in
urban areas had reached 50.7%. The DA implementation coverage area in Qingdao is the
largest in China, with the most advanced equipment, technology, and system.

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Characteristics of Related Communication Technologies


According to the requirements of Qingdao Power Supply Company on high bandwidth, long
distance, and high security performance, Huawei deploys optical cables for the DA
communication. The optical cables are non-metal ADSS optical cables, featuring wide
transmission spectrums, strong anti-electromagnetic interference capability, and strong
anti-lightening strike capability. Optical fiber transceivers with four optical ports are used to
form two-fiber self-healing rings, which improves network reliability. At the same time,
the DA communication system supports network management functions. A network can be
monitored at the central station, which greatly shortens the time of network fault diagnosis
and improves maintenance efficiency. Therefore, the DA communication system of Huawei
features high availability.
According to the structure of the DA communication network of Qingdao, the network has
high availability and high efficiency. The network performance is high and satisfies the
requirements of a DA system on communication.

Figure A-2 xPON network topology of Qingdao DA communication network

Benefits
After reconstruction, devices on 10 kV lines are replaced with more advanced devices, the
power supply radius is smaller, the insulation rate is higher, a fault segment on a 10 kV line
can be automatically isolated in tens of seconds, and the network can be reconstructed. The
quality, availability, and security of power supply are higher, bringing great benefit in all
aspects.

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 The qualification rate of voltage increases from 99.5% to 99.9%.


 Distribution line loss is decreased from 7.5% to 5.3%.
 The power availability of 10 kV customers is improved from 99.96% to 99.99%. The
power outage time for each house is reduced by 2.628 hours each year, and power loss is
reduced by 3341 KWH each year on average.
 The workload for checking lines is greatly reduced and fewer workers are hired.
 Because the fault rate is lower and the range of power outage caused by accidents is
smaller, the power supply promises made to the society are better kept. Customers'
attitude of the power supply company is greatly improved, making it possible for the
company to become a first-class power supply company in the world.

A.3.3 DA Reconstruction Project in Zhuhai City


This project is a pilot project on electric private broadband wireless networks (PBWA) of the
Comprehensive Communication Solution Research Project of China South Power Grid,
implemented by Guangdong Electric Power Design Institute.

Background
The general target of this project is to build a wireless broadband access system covering 10
110 kV/220 kV substations in Zhuhai city step by step, in order to implement the DA
construction, emergency communication, real-time monitoring, and real-time metering
collection of the power distribution network.
 In this phase, one set of TD-LTE core network devices (NAU, USN9810, and UGW9811)
is added in the central equipment room of the power supply bureau of Zhuhai.
 In the training building of the power supply bureau, power supply development building,
power supply bureau, six substations, and a business hall, one 1.8G TD-LTE DBS3900
device is added for each.
 In the coverage range of the preceding 10 sites, 60 TD-LTE access terminals are built to
implement the bidirectional communication between DA points and measurement
automation points.

Characteristics of Related Communication Technologies


The TD-LTE base stations deployed for the 10 substations cover the entire Zhuhai, with three
target areas: dense urban areas (requiring frequent switching), spacious sub-urban areas, and
emergency exercise areas. The three types of areas cover the most typical scenarios in the
power industry. Therefore, this project can show the coverage and capacity of a wireless
broadband network in the power industry. The 10 TD-LTE base stations use the
networking with 1.8 GHz and 5M intra-frequency. The base stations are connected to the
power transmission network and the TD-LTE core network equipment in the central
equipment room in the uplink direction. The general architecture of the wireless broadband
private network is shown in Figure A-3.

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Figure A-3 Network topology for the PDA LTE network in Zhuhai

In old urban areas of Zhuhai, wired access is difficult to deploy for the DA communication
network. The deployment cost is high, the automation degree of existing components is low,
and remote control is impossible. In Huawei's LTE wireless access solution, base stations are
deployed at substations, to build a wireless broadband access system that covers the 10 110
kV/220 kV substations in Zhuhai. This solution helps achieving the goal of implementing
the DA, emergency communication, real-time monitoring, and real-time electricity amount
collection of the power distribution network of Zhuhai.

Figure A-4 Network plan for the power distribution network of Zhuhai

Feed Huawei S3700-1

Antenna
8 Floor 232
Substaion
Fiber MSTP(Net B) Security Gateway
MSTP(Net B)
Gateway -48V
232 FE RRU
CPE USN
DTU
BBU
Terminal Server
UGW 232

Security Gateway
Huawei S3700-2
Remote eNodeB/
ZhuHai Control Center
Substation Side

FE

RS 232

 Based on communication with customers, dual-planes are required at the bearer network
layer. Therefore, dual-plane networking is adopted for the security gateway and
convergence switch.
 Currently, the DTU equipment of Zhuhai only supports 232 egress ports, so the protocol
converter must also function as the security gateway.

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Figure A-5 Signal coverage of LTE base stations in Zhuhai

Generally speaking, the LTE signal coverage basically meets the outdoor continuous coverage
requirements, and has good performance in key areas, which meets the service coverage
requirements of terminal subscrib.

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Table B-1 List of acronyms and abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


AC alternating current
ACL access control list
AES Advanced Encryption Standard
ALS Automatic Laser Shutdown
AMG Access Media Gateway
API Application Programming Interface
APN access point name
ARP Address Resolution Protocol
ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ATCA Advanced Telecommunications Computing Architecture
ATM asynchronous transfer mode
BBU baseband unit
BFD Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
BGP Border Gateway Protocol
BIOS basic input/output system
BMP Business Management Platform
BNC bayonet-neill-concelman
BPDU bridge protocol data unit
BPLC broadband power line carrier
BRAS broadband remote access server
BRI basic rate interface

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


BSC Base Station Controller
BTS Base Transceiver Station
CCD charge coupled device
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
CIF Common Intermediate Format
CIFS common internet file system
CIM Common Information Model
CIS Customer Information System
COM common object model
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CPE customer premises equipment
CPRI common public radio interface
CPU central processing unit
CRM Customer Relationship Management
CSM circuit switching mode
C-VLAN customer virtual local area network
DA Distribution Automation
DAS Data Acquisition System
DBA dynamic bandwidth allocation
DC direct current
DCDU direct current distribution unit
DDoS distributed denial of service
DES Data Encryption Standard
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DIMM dual in-line memory module
DLDP Device Link Detection Protocol
DMIS dispatching management information system
DMS Distribution Management System
DOPRA Distributed Object-oriented Programmable Realtime
Architecture
DoS denial of service

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


DSCADA Distribution Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
DSCP differentiated services code point
DSLAM digital subscriber line access multiplexer
DST dynamic storage tiering
DTU Distribution Terminal Unit
DVR digital video recorder
E2E End to End
EDGE Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution
EMC electromagnetic compatibility
EMS element management system
EPC Evolved Packet Core
EPON Ethernet passive optical network
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
ESB enterprise service bus
ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute
E-UTRAN evolved universal terrestrial radio access network
EVDO evolution-data optimized
FA Feeding Automation
FAC Final Acceptance Certificate
FAT fiber access terminal
FC fiber channel
FCS frame check sequence
FDT fiber distribution terminal
FE fast Ethernet
FR frame relay
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FTTH fiber to the home
FTU Feeder Terminal Unit
GARP Generic Attribute Registration Protocol
GBR guaranteed bit rate
GE Gigabit Ethernet

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
GIS Geographic Information System
GPON gigabit-capable passive optical network
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
GPS Global Positioning System
GPU graphics processing unit
GUI Graphical User Interface
GVRP GARP VLAN registration protocol
GWCN Gateway Core Network
HARQ hybrid automatic repeat request
HPC High performance computing
HSS Home Subscriber Service
HTML Hypertext Markup Language
HTTP Hypertext Transfer Protocol
I/O input/output
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
ICT Information and Communications Technology
ID identifier
IEC International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
iFAT intelligent fiber access terminal
iFDT intelligent fiber distribution terminal
IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
IKE Internet Key Exchange
IMSI international mobile subscriber identity
iODF intelligent optical distribution frame
IP Internet Protocol
IPMI Intelligent Peripheral Management Interface
IPoE Internet Protocol over Ethernet
iSCSI Internet Small Computer Systems Interface
ISDN integrated services digital network

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


ISU integrative session unit
ITU International Telecommunication Union
KB kilobyte
KVM keyboard, video, mouse
LACP Link Aggregation Control Protocol
LLID local loopback ID
LMT local maintenance terminal
LTE Long Term Evolution
LUN logical unit number
M2M Machine To Machine
MAC message authentication code
MDMS Meter Data Management System
MIMO multiple-input multiple-output
MIS management information system
MLD multicast listener discovery
MME Mobility Management Entity
MSAN multiservice access node
MSTP multi-service transmission platform
MTBF mean time between failures
NAS non-access stratum
NAT Network Address Translation
NEBS Network Equipment Building System
NFS Network File System
NMS Network Management System
NTP Network Time Protocol
NTSC National Television System Committee system
NVR network video recorder
OAM Oracle access manager
OCB outgoing call barring
ODF optical distribution frame
ODN optical distribution network

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


OFDM orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
OFDMA orthogonal frequency division multiple access
OLAP online analytical processing
OLT optical line terminal
OLTP online transaction processing
OM optical multiplexing
OMS Outage Management System
OMU operation and maintenance unit
ONT optical network terminal
ONU optical network unit
OPEX operating expense
OSD on-screen display
OSPF Open Shortest Path First
OSTA Open Standards Telecom Architecture
PAC Preliminary Acceptance Certificate
PAL phase alternating line
PAT Preliminary Acceptance Test
PCIe PCI Express
PCM pulse code modulation
PCRF policy and charging rules function
PDN Packet Data Network
PDSN Packet Data Serving Node
P-GW PDN Gateway
PITP Policy Information Transfer Protocol
PKI public key infrastructure
PLC Power Line Carrier
PLMN Public Land Mobile Network
PoE power over Ethernet
PON passive optical network
PPPoE Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PTP Precision Time Protocol

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


QCI QoS class identifier
QoS Quality of Service
RAID Redundant Array Of Independent Disks
RAIO relay agent info option
RAN Radio Access Network
RAS RAS message
RED random early detection
RRPP Rapid Ring Protection Protocol
RRU remote radio unit
RSTP Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
RTP Real-Time Transport Protocol
RTU Remote Terminal Unit
SAE System Architecture Evolution
SAN storage area network
SAS Serial Attacthed SCSI
SATA Serial ATA
SCADA Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol
SDDC Software-Defined Data Center
SDF service data function
SDH synchronous digital hierarchy
SEP Smart Ethernet Protection
SFP small form-factor pluggable
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
S-GW Serving Gateway
SIM subscriber identity module
SIP Session Initiation Protocol
SLA service level agreement
SMU subscriber management unit
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SOE Sequence Of Events

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


SSD solid-state drive
SSL Secure Sockets Layer
STC Signaling Transport Converter
STM synchronous transfer mode
STP Spanning Tree Protocol
SVG scalable vector graphics
SWI switch interface unit
TCP Transmission Control Protocol
TDM time division multiplexing
TD-SCDMA Time Division-Synchronous Code Division Multiple
Access
TLS Transport Layer Security
TOE TCP offload engine
TPID tag protocol identifier
TTU transformer terminal unit
UDP User Datagram Protocol
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
USB Universal Serial Bus
USI universal service interface
USIM Universal Subscriber Identity Module
VBS virtual block store
VGA video graphics array
VLAN virtual local area network
VoD video on demand
VoIP voice over IP
VOS Virtual Operating System
VPLS virtual private LAN service
VPN Virtual Private Network
VRP Versatile Routing Platform
VRRP Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol

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Technical Proposal B Acronyms and Abbreviations

Acronym/Abbreviation Full Name


WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
WDM wavelength division multiplexing
WLAN wireless local area network
WRED weighted random early detection
WRR weighted round robin
XFP 10-GB small form-factor pluggable transceiver
XML Extensible Markup Language

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