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NAMA : TINGKATAN :

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English For Science and Technology Kertas 2 Oktober 2008 1 jam

UNIT PENGURUSAN AKADEMIK PEJABAT PELAJARAN DAERAH JOHOR BAHRU PEPERIKSAAN TINGKATAN EMPAT 2008

ENGLISH FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Kertas 2 Satu jam

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU Arahan: 1. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian dan 30 soalan. 2. Jawab semua soalan. 3. Hitamkan semua jawapan anda untuk Bahagian A dan Bahagian B di dalam kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan. Instructions: 1. This question paper consists of two sections. 2. Answer all questions. 3. Write your answers for Section A and Section B in the spaces provided. ________________________________________________________________________ Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 11 halaman bercetak. 6335/2 Paper 2 [Lihat sebelah SULIT

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Section A [25 marks] You are advised to spend about 50 minutes on this section Questions 1-25 Each question is based on a given stimulus. Study the information carefully and choose the best answer. Question 1 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Scientists are now more confident than ever that the emission of greenhouse gases through human activities is contributing to global warming. This will lead to climate change next century, with potentially disastrous impacts on biodiversity, coasts, agriculture, water and health. 1. Which one of the following best replaces the word emission? A. Vent C. Diffuse B. Flow D. Discharge Question 2 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon – if it weren’t for the natural greenhouse effect the earth would be some 33° C cooler than it is at present. The planet is warm enough for complex life because gases occurring naturally, including carbon dioxide and water vapour, trap heat which would otherwise escape into space. 2. What does the greenhouse effect do? A. It cools the earth B. It keeps the earth warm

C. It dries up the earth D. It allows natural gases to occur

Question 3 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Human activities – including combustion of fossil fuels and land clearing – are adding to the greenhouse gasses faster than the oceans, plants and soil can absorb them. This is unnaturally ‘enhancing’ the greenhouse effect. Since the industrial revolution, the concentration of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, has increased by 30%. 3. What can we conclude about carbon dioxide? A. It comprises 30% of the air B. It is easily absorbed by oceans C. It is a by-product of human activities D. Human activities have increased by 30% Question 4

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Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows It is every patient’s nightmare when they hear the nurse or doctor say, ‘Oh dear! I can’t find the vein’. Then the doctor repeatedly pokes a hypodermic into your flesh. 4. The word hypodermic means ___________ A. pin C. needle B. surgical wire D. surgical knife Question 5 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Navigating the abundance of information on building and maintaining muscle tone can be daunting. Should you go body part by body part or weight train every day? 5. This text refers to… A. losing weight B. getting into shape

C. increase stamina D. becoming more beautiful

Question 6 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Due to increasing amounts of information about the relationship between weight gain and premature health risks, maintaining a stable weight throughout life is important.

6. A good summary of this text is … A. Premature health risks B. Weight increase and age

C. Information on health risks D. Weight should not increase with age

Question 7-8 Read the table below carefully and answer the question that follows Table: Calorific value of different kinds of foods (per100g) Food Proteins (g) Carbohydrates (g) Fat (g) Calorific value (joules) Sugar Butter Rice Beef Soya Bean 0 6.8 6.7 30.9 30.0 100 0 78.9 0 12.0 0 0.8 0.7 11.0 18.0 1625 3006 1512 93.3 1470

7. Soya bean and ________ have different amount of calories per the same 100g of the food. A. rice C. sugar B. beef D. butter

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8. Which food gives the highest calories from eating a lot of it? A. Rice C. Sugar B. Beef D. Butter Question 9 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Due to increasing amounts of information about the relationship between weight gain and premature health risks, maintaining a stable weight throughout life is important. 9. The word integral means A. Caring B. Essential C. natural D. effective

Question 10 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Viruses are the smallest of all infectious agents, averaging about 100 nanometres (100 billionths of a meter) in length. They have so few genes and proteins of their own that in order to reproduce they need to commandeer the machinery of the cells they invade. Bacteria are at least 10 times larger than viruses. 10. What is true of viruses? A. They are larger than bacteria. B. They are 100 nanometres of a meter. C. They are able to reproduce on their own. D. They need cells of other organisms to breed. Question 11 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Food and water are the most common sources of parasite transmission. Since most of us eat three times a day and drink water frequently throughout the day, our exposure to these sources is constant. Tap water has been found to be contaminated with parasitic organisms. Many restaurants have less than sanitary conditions ranging from food preparation and storage to the utensils and server’s hands. 11. People are easily exposed to contaminations because A. All water is contaminated B. Food is kept exposed all the time C. Sanitary measures are not followed in restaurants. D. People consume food and water many times a day.

Question 12

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Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Most substances obtained by mining are minerals. A mineral is made up of materials that were never alive. Thus, coal, petroleum and natural gas are not considered true minerals because they were formed from the remains of plants that lived long ago. 12. From the information above, which of the following is not a mineral? A. Tin ore C. Charcoal B. Diamond D. Bauxite Question 13 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows There are many kinds of airplanes that vary in size, speed and function. Today’s airplanes can be divided into five groups commercial, transport planes, general aviation planes, military planes, seaplanes, and special purpose planes. 13. If a farmer wants to spray insecticide over his farm, which type of airplane will he use? A. A seaplane C. A general aviation plane B. A special purpose plane D. A commercial transport plane Question 14 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Catalysts are substances that help make a reaction go faster. Scientists believe adding a catalyst to a reaction increases the number of particle collisions. A collision is when something hits something else with great energy. Some examples of catalysts are enzymes. There are enzymes in your mouth that help speed up the process of digestion. 14. From the above we can conclude that A. catalysts help to quicken reactions. B. enzymes help to speed up particle collisions. C. there are catalysts in our stomach to quicken digestion. Question 15 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Due to increasing amounts of information about the relationship between weight gain and premature health risks, maintaining a stable weight throughout life is important. 15. From the article above, it is clear that in the future A. robots will have human features. B. robots can take over tasks currently done by maids. C. maids will no longer be employed to do household tasks. Question 16

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Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Due to increasing amounts of information about the relationship between weight gain and premature health risks, maintaining a stable weight throughout life is important. 16. The above is a A. warning B. directive C. statement Question 17 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Morse code, a method of transmitting information, works several ways: as electric pulses along a telegraph wire, as an audio tone, as a radio signal with short and long pulses or tones, or as a mechanical or visual signal. 17. From the above passage, we know that Morse code is not A. information B. a radio signal C. electrical pulses Question 18 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Earth is the third planet from the Sun at a distance of about 150 million kilometres (93.2 million miles). Our atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen and 1% of other gases. Earth is the only planet in the solar system known to harbour life. Our planet’s rapid spin and molten nickel-iron core give rise to an extensive magnetic field, which, along with the atmosphere, shields us from nearly all of the harmful radiation coming from the Sun and other stars. Earth’s atmosphere protects us from meteors, most of which burn up before they can strike the surface. 18. Earth is protected from the sun’s powerful hazardous radiation by its A. gases B. atmosphere C. distance from the sun D. molten nickel-iron core

Question 19-20

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Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Earth is the third planet from the Sun at a distance of about 150 million kilometres (93.2 million miles). Our atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen and 1% of other gases. Earth is the only planet in the solar system known to harbour life. Our planet’s rapid spin and molten nickel-iron core give rise to an extensive magnetic field, which, along with the atmosphere, shields us from nearly all of the harmful radiation coming from the Sun and other stars. Earth’s atmosphere protects us from meteors, most of which burn up before they can strike the surface. 19. Vegetables and fruits can do all the following except A. reduce stress C. lower the cholesterol level B. give longer life D. reduce chronic weight loss 20. The word chronic can be best replaced with A. critical C. dangerous B. recurrent D. continuous Question 21-22 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Mineral oil is a clear, colourless, oily liquid that is odourless and almost has no taste. It is also called liquid paraffin, liquid petroleum, or white mineral oil. Mineral oil is an ingredient used in certain medicines and cosmetics. The liquid is also a dissolving agent in the manufacture of plastic and an industrial lubricant. 21. Which of the following statements about mineral oil is not true? A. It is colourless C. it is an industrial lubricant B. It has a funny smell D. It is used in the cosmetic industry 22. Which of the following characteristics makes mineral oil an ideal lubricant? A. Odour C. Clarity B. Colour D. Oiliness Question 23 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Your weight on the moon would be approximately one sixth of your weight on earth due to the effect of gravity. 23. if your weight on earth is 66 kilograms, your weight on the moon would be A. 11 kilograms C. 106 kilograms B. 66 kilograms D. 396 kilograms

Question 24

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Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows Milk is liquid matter. It has a size or volume. Volume means it takes up space. It takes the shape of its container. 24. The above extract proves that milk A. has no taste B. will spill easily C. has no shape Question 25 Read the text below carefully and answer the question that follows When you drop the ice cube into a liquid, it begins to melt because the temperature of the liquid is higher than that of the ice cube. The ice cube becomes liquid water. These changes are chemical in nature and not physical. 25. The above experiment reflects a A. Physical change B. Chemical change C. Biology change

Section B

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You are advised to spend about 10 minutes on this section Question 26-30 Read the following passage and then shade the best answer in the answer sheet provided.

We must understand how our body works to establish good eating habits. We should eat proteins first. Protein food needs lots of hydrochloric acid for proper ______ (26). If the stomach is first filled with carbohydrate food, which do not require hydrochloric acid is first filled with carbohydrate food, which do not require hydrochloric acid for digestion, the ________ (27) will remain undigested. Eat salad and breads with the meal or at the end, never first! We should also eat small meals, eat slowly and ______ (28) well. Avoid eating raw vegetables and fruits at the same meals as they require a different set of enzymes to digest. Eating yogurt and other lactic-foods with every meal including sauerkraut, sourdough bread, cottage cheese, garlic and tofu will help to ______ (29) good health. They will help digestion and even prevent intestinal putrefaction. This vast _____ (30) ecosystem dramatically influences every individual‘s health, including our physical and mental health, our metabolism, and quite possibly, even our lifespan.

26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

A. digestion

B. work

C. settling C. fats C. chew C. forward C. extensive

D. eating D. enzymes D. grind D. maintain D. intensive

A. carbohydrates B. proteins A. bite A. reduce A. internal B. keep B. advance B. external

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