Monitoring Transports

The aim of your development work is to introduce new or improved functions into the production system. As a project manager, you therefore want to be informed about the transport of your requests into subsequent systems, and particularly about any transport errors that occur. It is equally important that you know about any repairs made to your objects in a subsequent system, since the import protection for repaired object can interfere with subsequent transports. For this reason, you can easily access an overview of your transports and repairs on the initial screen of the Transport Organizer. The stoplight icons indicate transport errors (stoplight is red) or repairs including objects protected against imports (stoplight is yellow). To access the overview of your transports, choose Transports. A hierarchical list appears with your released transports and their transport steps, grouped according to target system. You can see whether the individual transport steps were successful or not from: • • • the color of the entry the comment the return code

If you have activated extended transport control, the client you have chosen is displayed in the clientspecific transport steps. If there are faulty transports, analyze the cause of the error. The transport log contains information that may be useful. You can access the transport log by double-clicking the transport step. When you have found out what caused the error and corrected it, you can give the request the attribute Error corrected. This action is recorded in the action log. Even when transports have been performed successfully, check that they work correctly in the target system. After you have tested the functions in the target system, assign the request the attribute Tested. To make the display easier to read, you can delete the requests from the display after the transport. If the request deleted from the display is imported into another SAP System, it is automatically shown again in the display.

Displaying Transport Logs for Your Own Change Requests
If you display your released change requests in the request overview of the Transport Organizer or in the request editor, you can display the transport logs from here by choosing Goto → Transport logs.

Displaying Transport Logs for Any Change Request
When you display individual requests in the Transport Organizer, you can display their transport logs by choosing Transport logs. To do this, you need to know the number of the change request. Alternatively, you can enter another user name in the initial screen of the Transport Organizer and list this user’s released change requests. Position the cursor on a change request and display its transport logs by choosing Goto → Transport logs.

As objects grow they take chunks of additional storage that are composed of contiguous data blocks. Compare and contrast TRUNCATE and DELETE for a table. Where would you look for errors from the database engine? In the alert log. How do you switch from an init. All the extents that an object takes when grouped together are considered the segment of the database object. on the other hand. A data block is the smallest unit of logical storage for a database object. . The difference between the two is that the truncate command is a DDL operation and just moves the high water mark and produces a now rollback. 5. The delete command. The benefit of taking a hot backup is that the database is still available for use while the backup is occurring and you can recover the database to any point in time. You have just had to restore from backup and do not have any control files. an extent and a segment. How would you go about bringing up this database? I would create a text based backup control file. A cold backup is taking a backup of the database while it is shut down and does not require being in archive log mode. which will produce a rollback and thus take longer to complete. 4. 3.ora file to a spfile? Issue the create spfile from pfile command. The benefit of taking a cold backup is that it is typically easier to administer the backup and recovery process. Both the truncate and delete command have the desired outcome of getting rid of all the rows in a table. In addition.get_ddl package. Explain the difference between a data block. Give the reasoning behind using an index. 6. stipulating where on disk all the data files where and then issue the recover command with the using backup control file clause. These groupings of contiguous data blocks are called extents. since you are taking cold backups the database does not require being in archive log mode and thus there will be a slight performance gain as the database is not cutting archive logs to disk. Give two examples of how you might determine the structure of the table DEPT. Explain the difference between a hot backup and a cold backup and the benefits associated with each. Use the describe command or use the dbms_metadata. 2. A hot backup is basically taking a backup of the database while it is still up and running and it must be in archive log mode. is a DML operation. 8.1. 7.

ARCHIVELOG mode is a mode that you can put the database in for creating a backup of all transactions that have occurred in the database so that you can recover to any point in time. 12.Instance startup STARTUP MOUNT . . . 14.sql. A fact table contains measurements while dimension tables will contain data that will help describe the fact tables. Give two examples of referential integrity constraints. 10. NOARCHIVELOG mode is basically the absence of ARCHIVELOG mode and has the disadvantage of not being able to recover to any point in time. What type of index should you use on a fact table? A Bitmap index. enable the foreign key constraint.The database is mounted STARTUP OPEN .Faster access to data blocks in a table. What command would you use to create a backup control file? Alter database backup control file to trace. A primary key and a foreign key. re-create the table. 17. 13. Give the two types of tables involved in producing a star schema and the type of data they hold. 11. Fact tables and dimension tables. Give the stages of instance startup to a usable state where normal users may access it. A table is classified as a parent table and you want to drop and re-create it. NOARCHIVELOG mode does have the advantage of not having to write transactions to an archive log and thus increases the performance of the database slightly. drop the table. 15. Explain the difference between ARCHIVELOG mode and NOARCHIVELOG mode and the benefits and disadvantages to each. 9. STARTUP NOMOUNT . What column differentiates the V$ views to the GV$ views and how? The INST_ID column which indicates the instance in a RAC environment the information came from. How would you do this without affecting the children tables? Disable the foreign key constraint to the parent. How would you go about generating an EXPLAIN plan? Create a plan table with utlxplan.The database is opened 16.

sql or utlxpls. ORACLE_BASE is the root directory for oracle. . If a change was necessary then I would use the alter system set db_cache_size command. Explain an ORA-01555 You get this error when you get a snapshot too old within rollback. Explain the difference between $ORACLE_HOME and $ORACLE_BASE. Take a close look at the requirements for any job and try to come up with questions that the interviewer may ask. Until then.Use the explain plan set statement_id = 'tst1' into plan_table for a SQL statement Look at the explain plan with utlxplp. It can usually be solved by increasing the undo retention or increasing the size of rollbacks. 19. ORACLE_HOME located beneath ORACLE_BASE is where the oracle products reside. As always remember these are "core" DBA questions and not necessarily related to the Oracle options that you may encounter in some interviews. we have gone through the first 25 questions as I would answer them during an interview. Well. How would you go about increasing the buffer cache hit ratio? Use the buffer cache advisory over a given workload and then query the v$db_cache_advice table. 20. You should also look at the logic involved in the application getting the error message. Please feel free to add your personal experiences to the answers as it will always improve the process and add your particular touch. good luck with the process. Next time we will tackle the rest of the questions.sql 18.

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