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# Table 7. Algorithm to define the flow direction [6].

for 2 to
for 1 to
Side I 2 1 2 1
1
end
end
for 2 to
for 1 to
2 1 2 1
if = 1: 1
Side II if = 1: 1
if = 1: 1
if = 1: 1
end
end

## Table 8. Example data

PLATE CHARACTERISTICS
1.38 m 50 °
0.535 m Φ 1.15
3.7 mm 0.6 mm
150 mm 17 W/m·K
PROCESS-WATER COOLING-WATER
, 87.0 °C , 20.0 °C
26.0 kg/s 62.5 kg/s
CONSTRAINTS
80 150 90%
10 ∆ 20 psi 0 ∆ 25 psi
0.0 m/s 0.6 m/s

It can be seen from the Tables that the simulations using the two models resulted in values that were very close. It is
important to point out that the closed-form equations are only applicable when the end effects can be neglected (in the
present case, when the number of thermal plates was greater than 40).

## Table 9. Thermal effectiveness of RS for both mathematical models

(differential equation model) (closed-form model)
#

## 1 80 1 2 0 80.1 80.3 80.3 80.1 80.4 80.4 80.4 80.4

2 80 2 1 1 80.3 80.1 80.3 80.1 80.4 80.4 80.4 80.4
3 81 1 2 0 80.3 80.3 80.3 80.3 80.6 80.6 80.6 80.6
4 83 2 1 1 80.5 80.5 80.5 80.5 80.8 80.8 80.8 80.8
5 84 1 2 0 80.5 80.8 80.8 80.5 80.9 80.9 80.9 80.9
6 84 2 1 1 80.8 80.5 80.8 80.5 80.9 80.9 80.9 80.9
7 85 1 2 0 80.8 80.8 80.8 80.8 81.0 81.0 81.0 81.0
8 87 2 1 1 80.9 80.9 80.9 80.9 81.2 81.2 81.2 81.2
9 88 1 2 0 80.9 81.2 81.2 80.9 81.3 81.3 81.3 81.3
10 88 2 1 1 81.2 80.9 81.2 80.9 81.3 81.3 81.3 81.3
11 89 1 2 0 81.2 81.2 81.2 81.2 81.4 81.4 81.4 81.4
12 91 2 1 1 81.4 81.4 81.4 81.4 81.6 81.6 81.6 81.6
13 92 1 2 0 81.3 81.6 81.6 81.3 81.7 81.7 81.7 81.7
14 92 2 1 1 81.6 81.3 81.6 81.3 81.7 81.7 81.7 81.7
15 93 1 2 0 81.6 81.6 81.6 81.6 81.8 81.8 81.8 81.8
16 95 2 1 1 81.7 81.7 81.7 81.7 82.0 82.0 82.0 82.0
17 96 1 2 0 81.7 81.9 81.9 81.7 82.1 82.1 82.1 82.1
18 96 2 1 1 81.9 81.7 81.9 81.7 82.1 82.1 82.1 82.1
19 97 1 2 0 81.9 81.9 81.9 81.9 82.2 82.2 82.2 82.2
20 144 2 3 0 71.8 71.7 92.8 92.9 71.8 71.8 93.0 93.0
21 144 3 2 1 71.7 71.8 92.8 92.9 71.8 71.8 93.0 93.0
22 149 3 2 1 71.7 71.7 93.0 93.0 71.7 71.7 93.2 93.2
Optimal configurations

7. CONCLUSIONS
In this chapter it was presented the development of two models for the design and optimization of plate heat