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- Statistics Assignment Sample with Solutions
- Business Statistics/Series-4-2010(Code-3009)
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You are on page 1of 4

This handout is intended to be an overall guide of what could be covered on the exam. You are able to bring two

double-sided page (8.5X11) of hand-written notes and your calculator (any model) to the exam. Make sure to

bring your ID and a pencil to the exam. The exam will provide you the necessary tables.

The exam is worth 250 points and includes: How to study:

Multiple Choice Review this study guide – If you don’t know about

Matching something covered in the topic then reread chapter

sections and notes from weeks covered.

Short answer questions.

Review homework

Review Data Analyses and feedback

Complete practice problems with each week and

practice exams

Probability

Define Probability

Basic Rules of Set Theory

Understand Independence

o Understand mathematical expressions/definitions

Conditional Probability

o Understand mathematical expressions/definitions

Understand the “complement”

Discrete Random Variables

Define in words and mathematical expression the probability mass function (pmf)

Define in words and mathematical expression the cumulative distribution function (cdf)

Calculate the expected value

Calculate the variance

Calculate the standard deviation

Calculate probabilities of events given a pmf or cdf

Know common continuous distributions: Binomial and Poisson

o when to use them

o their probability mass functions

o their general shapes if plotted

o the parameters that define them

o their expected values and variances/standard deviations

Calculate expectation and variance for linear combinations of random variables.

1

Week 2 Concepts (16% of exam)

Define in words and mathematical expression the probability density function (pdf)

o f(y)

Define in words and mathematical expression the cumulative density function (cdf)

o F(y)

Understand how the cdf is related to the pdf

Calculate the expected value

Calculate the variance

Calculate the standard deviation

Calculate probabilities of events given a pdf or cdf

Calculate expectation and variance for linear combinations of random variables.

Know common continuous distributions: Uniform, Gamma, Exponential and Normal

o when to use them

o their probability density functions

o their general shapes if plotted

o the parameters that define them

o their expected values and variances/standard deviations

Calculate medians and percentiles for continuous random variables.

Standard Normal Distribution

o Read a z table to find proportions/percentiles/probabilities

o Calculate z scores

o 68-95-99.7 rule

Week 3 Concepts (20% of exam)

Data Collection

Identify a sample and its statistic values.

Sampling Methods

o Define Simple random sample, Stratified random sample and Systematic Random Sample

o Know what makes a poor sample

o Define bias

o Define lurking variable and identify the issues they create.

Know the basic methods for collecting data and their Advantages and Disadvantages

o Observational studies

o Designed Experiments

Experimental Designs

o Define experimental unit, treatment, factors and response

o Know the Basic Principles

o Define confounding

2

Data Displays

Know which types of displays are appropriate for categorical and quantitative variables

Know the general characteristics of each type of display.

Read and interpret a:

o Stem-n-leaf display

o Box Plot

Including Parallel Boxplots (side-by-side box plot)

o Histogram

Understand symmetry and how to describe patterns.

Center, Spread and Shape

Calculate and define summary statistics:

o Median

o Quartiles

o Interquartile Range (Q3-Q1)

o Mean

o Standard Deviation

o Variance

Chapter Sections 5.2-4, 6.1, 7.1, 8.1, 8.2, 8.4 and 8.5

Define and explain the law of large numbers, sampling distribution, standard error, central limit theorem

Based on the Central limit theorem.

o Be able to answer, what is the distribution of the sample mean?

o Understand how the size of a sample, n, affects the standard error of the sampling distribution.

As n increases the standard error….?

Define and Distinguish between the population distribution, the sampled distribution and the sampling

distribution.

Define and identify Statistic, Parameter, Point Estimate, Margin of Error., confidence level

Know what is means to have an unbiased estimate

Know the general format of a confidence interval

Understand the definition of confidence interval through repeated sampling.

Understand the trade off between accuracy and precision when choosing a confidence level.

Calculate and interpret a (1-α) % confidence interval for a mean when the population standard deviation

is known (z procedure)

Hypothesis Testing

Describe the null and alternative hypotheses and how to set up either in order to perform a hypothesis

test

3

Define significance level and understand the reasons behind the selection of one over the other.

Find and define p-value

Know the relationship between a (1-α) % confidence interval and a two sided hypothesis test with α

significance level

Know when to reject the null

Define and understand the consequence of Type I and Type II error

Explain the difference between practical and statistical significance.

Perform hypothesis test

o know equations to calculate test statistic by hand

o look up p-value from a z-table

o Interpret results using the four part conclusion method

For each of the t procedures: One Sample t, Two sample t and Matched Pairs t procedures.

Know Conditions for inference. Understand how to evaluate whether they are met.

Perform hypothesis test

o know equations to calculate test statistic by hand

o look up p-value from a t-table

o Interpret results using the four part conclusion method

Be able to read and interpret R software output from the command t.test() for both one and two

sample procedures.

Know how to calculate the degrees of freedom (Conservative and Satterthwaite)

Calculate and interpret a (1-α) % confidence interval for a mean when the population standard deviation

is unknown (t procedure)

Understand the pitfalls of each test and when results may not be trusted.

Be able to interpret type I error when conditions are violated.

Be able to identify which procedure to use when given a scenario.

Identify independent and dependent populations.

Understand the relationship between t distributions and the standard normal distribution.

Understand sample size conditions for t procedures and when t procedures are robust to conditions being

violated.

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