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40 ronmin rexsesnckor eamnreTA cvEOTAUA Corres Ceca ae ae DAES R cue MaLLN TEPMOM30.1AWMOHH MATEPHJAJIN HA BA3H AEPOTE,IA 3A IIPHMEHY Y TPABEBHHAPCTBY Apri Hex’ Kaposs Kacam?™ Manat Kexantosush® Purra Hemem* Tony6 Kapanan’ YINK: 691:699.8 DOI: 10.14415/konferencijaGFS2014.076 Perume: Tepwouzonayujexu samepujar ua Garu aepocera je srexcudwran, nanonoposan mamepujar, npousaeden je nanomexnorozujom, y xa6opamopujana NASA (CAI), npsencmseno sa nompeGe csemuperux ucmpaxcusarsa, Janac je maj hamepujar, xoju una usyzemno Ma Koespuyujewm monxomne nposodsusocmu =0,0131 WimK) docmynan y Komepyujarnoj npodaju u sa nompebe epahesunapemsa. Mooce da ce Kopucmu u 2a donyky mpaduyuonanmux mepaouronayuowux Mamepujara.na odpehenun mecmuwa, ede je weonxodua npumena yerux mpaxa wsonayuonoe Mamepujand, Kao Ha npwNep OKO Npo2opa, épama, wml Ka MecmUsa zde je ‘cma Maxo npocmopa 2a yepadry adekeamnoe mamepujara, padu cnpevaearoa npoBrema monxommux nocmoud. Moore ce npuxenumu i Na 6€oMa sUCORUM 1 MUCKUM ‘mesnepamypawa Kayune pewu: Aepozer, uanomexnoroeuja, mepmouronayuja 1, TEXHOJOPHJA IPOH3BO/ILE TEPMOH30.1AUMOHUX MATEPHJAJIA HA BA3H AEPOTEJIA, Y Texstonomkom mponlecy mpoussontKe TepMonsonaIMOHMX Tpaka H mawena Ha Gasit aeporeuia upso ce Mopa Haupasitri aeporest. Jla Gu ce Homo 10 aeporesta upBO ce MOPA mpowszecTit cat ren, Taj npiMapHit rest HasiRa ce ankoren Hacraje nommmepHsanjom chamkon-ankoxew7a Si(OR),, rae je P ankuma rpyna ca sojtoM H erattonoM. Haxon " Acuerene Apna Mex. ann rpab,q paheamncss haxysrer CyGorin, Kesapanxs 2a, ren 024/554-300, e-nanit ceh@gtuns. aes * Tpod.ap Kaposs Kacaus,wmsox-rexx{'paheanncen paxysnrer CySorua, Konepanca 2a, rei: 024/354-300, estan: EkasasG@ef uns. ae 8 Tipod.ap Manan Keraniosnh ra. soe.rpah.,pahesncan daxyarer CySorma, Kosapesxa 23, 011024/554-300, emai: kekootaer uns aes “Rita Nemes, PRD, Budapest University of Technology and Economies, acuky of Civil Engineering, Department of Construction Materils and Engineering Geology, Megyetemrkp. 3, 1-111 Budapest, Hiangary, tl: 00-36-1-463-4454, email: ames. a.zmsilcom Bunn aopats Fony6 Kapanansnnxrpah.T pabensncxn daxy:rrer CySorma, Kosapasna 2a, ex.024/554-300, eat: goluhiapfuns se | S5OPHIK PAROBA FPABEBMHCKOT @AKYINTETA (2014) | Ea th 4.0 aniversary FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SUBOTICA ore eerie See eed ee eA LLN XMapomuse H noaNMepusaiDije, ZoNAsH Zo peaKuutje cjemMBaBara MomeKy7a aNKOKCHA 1 opmupana cusMKoH-KuceonnaKe Rese, Gopmupajyhit THe omHroMepe (NHI noumaepe). Tosesusaem ouuromepa, sactaje jeitaH orpoman MoueKys, Koj mpencrana seo rena (Cauxal.). Cusmumxa-marpuxe (sespo-cxener) ankorena je cHYHLCH CraHloOM, ca canpxajen Hopa ReaMuMHe ox 5 20 150 HaHlocrapa. Te nope eranona yreny ce Hasueajy nanonope, Ciuxa 1. Cmpykmypa monexyna aepozena (Aspen Aerogels, Inc.) Cacrojum aeporena ce nowemajy 4 mmBeweM HaHoce Ha TPaKY WK NAHE, urTO MOXKE Sir wa GaaH nomwectpa, crak, YrIKeKHKa, KepaMUike, NOEME Hera eeAH TEXHOMOILIEH, ponee oGujata acporeta y CTpyKrypH TpaKc HH masiena, cyKepKpiTiewioM exerpakuujom u cyimenem. Hakou Tora cies opyuparwe posit wt naKera, Beh ToTOBIX TepMorsosaitHONIX Marepijasa, Ha GasH acporesa, Kao UITO je MpHKasasto Ha Camus 2. Aspea's Acrogel Manufacturing Process 25peM aerogels Couxa 2, Texnonowna wena npoussodive mpake na Basu aepozena (Aspen Aerogels, Inc.) 2. BPCTE H IPHMEHA AEPOTE.IA Kaa je pe © aeporesmwa Hone mpete aeporesta ce pasnujajy ceaKosHeRHo, 11a sayctarseajyhu ce Ha aeporemia Koj cy neh y mpuMenu, nlocroje 3 ReauKe rpyne aeporena: cua, xKapGoH mM MeTan-oKcuqHH aeporem. [1] Hajnosnarujn najpacnpoerparennjn cy craxaxo cHmmka aeporemi Kojn cy no 2011. ronwne apakaz 15 eserexux pexopaa. 3axsanyjyhn saucra danractuuum ocoGutama, Kao wiro je | JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING (2074) 40 ronmin rexsesnckor eamnreTA cvEOTAUA Corres Dae eee DAES R cue MaLLN y .9 kgim* np arwocdepco npurucky (pana ynopeherba TyeTHHa nasayxa je 1,2 kg/m’), sanpenmucxa noposnoct ox 99,8 .% Hunn creiunpiana nospmna, 01 400-1,000 m'/g_(urro je oxo 1000 nyra sche on cneumdwane wospunnie estexra) BeoMa Gp30 cy nocramH MosHATH KAO HajGo-6H TepmoNSOTaNHOK MaTepujamtE (1=0,004— 0,03WimK — rae je noma rpamina nocraruyra Mpa nonyBaxyxtcKnM yerronuata 07 50 bara), HajGomH sys acopGepH, HsYseTHO MOpOSHK Ca MOpaMa KEAMYBHE HEKONKO 1-100 nm, nsajy orunisary Moh axymysauusie eneprije, yrnjarsa, irs. Cuxa 3, oem usnad Byncenosoe niasenuxa ~ doxas usyremnuce mepMouzonayuons ocobuna (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Ca oni mayseriine ocoOitaMa npmena aeporena je ROMA MIpOKa, art ToMTTO ce an 0 uosia sarepujasusa uija upoussonmsa je Ocra SaxTenta H exKYna, NpHMeHa y CRM. cerMeRTHNA ceaKomHeBHOT xvinOTA je joll nex waNa, asa aaHac TepMowsosauuiomm Marepyjann ma OasM aeporexa (xpaxe, vanes, ura.) ey ach AocTYMINM jaRHocTH © THM a HeHa je jou yBeK UpMIUYHO BUCOKA, ca TeHNEHLUAjOM hana, Kao i 4a ene Hone MaTepujane. TpenyTHO ce npHMetyiy npe cnera y HaysiHe copxe (nie camo Ka0 TepMowso.TaIuioHH MaTepisjaH, Hero H Kao cyHEpKONCHSaTOpH, MemiM 38 MIpHxBaTaIse cReMUPCKE MpaUuHe, KaTaMNBATOpH, aGeopGepH eneprije on excmitosnje, cetmopr, pesepaoapit sa nononK ), ana ce ach w HHAYCTPHjekH NporsBOe pe csera xao TepMousouaNWoH MaTepYjaunt, KOPHCTE Ce y MAAYETPHj KOSMETHIKUX nnpenapara, Goje, 1ekowa, ta Hak M TeHulckux pexera, Kako Hay'Ha M miLkeisepcKa nnonysauuyja sie ynosuara ca jexumeTneni. GusiuKiN OcoOsaMA Aeporea, paCTe H repecoBaibe uiupehit Ce H Hose MpHMeHe, a UcTORpeNeHO KaraUatpajyhu Kk weroR sraswit exerizosHeaH pasnoj. (2 | S5OPHIK PAROBA FPABEBMHCKOT @AKYINTETA (2014) | Ea th 4.0 aniversary FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SUBOTICA ore eerie ts in civil engineering 24, ~ 25. April 2014, Subotica, SERBIA ‘Slika 4, Primeri primene aerogela: termoizolacija svemirskog odela, IC prigusenje i NASA-in “Spacedust collector” (Aspen Aerogels, Inc) Hajuosuazuji 2 xajpacupocrpaweunj cy Tepéoouautost aeporeN y upuMeHs cy Spaceloft®, Pyrogel® i Cryogel®, npowsnonn xownanuje Aspen Aerogels. Ine. (Northborough, MA, US). Huxosa mpiMena noxpisa cosa wipox Tewmeparypiit usjanasox. Cryogel® ommmxyje HajGomiM TepMOHSOTANNOHHM KapakTepHeTHKAMA MpH hcxus tevepazypama (0 do -200°), na ce Kopuict yraRiiom 3a wzonanuijy pesepnoapa KpHoreix ropisa, HeBoBONA, AIH 4 sanpoKsBomiBy TepMO OGyhe 1 onehe, enapahix speha, pykaznua, ura. Pyrogel® je amsajrmpan na Gyme oman ‘epMomonazop nput sucoku rewneparypana (do 650°), na ce KopstcrH ne ceera mpi souanijx ieso8oHa, reHepatopa, urs. MebyrHM ca actiexra rpahesuxapeTse notpeGHo je marsacnTa sa ce osuINsIH0 OKABB0 HTIpH HSONaLDE KOTSIORA HERI Ht KOPHETH Ce ‘a0 marepijan porustioxapue saurrure. Spaceloft® ce xopucrs mpx Texmepatypawa o7, ~100%do +200". Hosse mpustene ca acuexTa Temmepatype cpeqMHe HOMEHYTHX spera aeporena i JIpyTHX TpasUANMOHAHEX TepMOHosAIUHOHNAK MarepHjasta ey MpHKasattn Ha com 5 20 ¥ i -100 § é a 100 8 o§ -0 00 ‘2000 DD) aspenacrogels Tener) Cauxa 5, Bynxyuje sasucnocmu Koeduyujenma monxomne nposodusocmu ‘meunepamype npusene 2a pazuwme apeme aepozena u dpyzux mepaousoxayuonx Mamepujana EI | JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING (2074) 40 ronmin rexsesnckor eamnreTA cvEOTAUA rrr Leeann een? DAES R cue MaLLN AEPOPES - TEPMOM301ALHOHH MATEPHJAS Acporest ca koegutijentom TonutoTHe nporosybunocrit Ht 310 A= 0,0131 WimK. (urro je ekapuicasia Bpeamocr Spaccloft® - a [7)) je Tpenyro najGoswn TepmonsonanHonn warepHian y mpaMess. Maza noctoje pewema Kao mro cy VIP (Vacuum insulation ‘materials) GIM (Gas insulation materials), wa xojma je y naGoparoprtjexme yenonma Msmepena H Maiba speqocT on aeporesa, TH MaTepirasmi/pemena sa cana jour nesajy nocrojane guanaKe napaerpe Ht jarsajy ce norenmohe mpi HuxoRO) npuMexH. [3] Cima aeporem cnojy amracreno mney spenocr Koedmnujenra TonorHe MpoBoLsuBOCTH, ITO je 3HATHO Mama ox Basayxa (A = 0,025 WimK), usaiy saxnassyjyhit eaojam Haonopania nenusine 1-100 nm, [4] Hamme, naxo ce y THM, oTmopeHiné riopaMa nasiasi Basayx, meron KocHpmusjeHT TonLtorHe MponosuHHBOCTH je suaTHO MaibM yenen THG8, Kuyacen-edexra, [5] Yrauaj osor edpexta je mpikasan a cam 6 ak) 2s 0.024 0.020 Pore diameter 10.mm 0.016 oot 0.008 0.004 0.000 0.0001 ont ott 1 10 © 1001000 Pass(mbar) Cauxa 6. Tonzomua nposodmusocm eazdyxa, sbyukyuja eenewune npewuxa nopa w npumucka cpeoune Acporest ce stanae npuwewyiy sa TepMonsonauniy y oGumKy rpaxa, joprana, nanena (ump. seh enemenyms Spacelof® - npoussox Aspen Aetogel Inc. — Cauka 7. s1¢80) reGmrHe NO Li si y OGmMKY TepMoroxannonor wasTrepa (npmneep Fixit 222 ‘Acrogel® ~ usajuapexor npoussohasa Fixit AG —Cumka 7. ecH0), | S5OPHIK PAROBA FPABEBMHCKOT @AKYINTETA (2014) | Ea th 4.0 aniversary FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SUBOTICA ore re Cuxa 7. Spaceloft®jopeanu (xes0) u Fixit Aerogel® maxmep (causa:EMIIA) (decno) Acpore: wacelof® ‘Tpaxe, joprann, ratte Spaceloft” ustajy Koed>mumjen tontoTHe mponosEHROCTH 2 ~ 0,0131WimK moo urro ra wom HajGoswmne TepMossonauKonMN Marepijatom sravaunsuue je noctojaHocr Tor napametpa (sa passnxy oa VIP 4 GIP), K1acHHkOBaH pena ormopuoers sia noxap na Espoxsiacy Ul, xnapopoan je marepnjan, sax je 3a oGiuxoRatbe, BcOMS OOpO MoaKOcH npuucax (70 kPa mpw 10% sesbopmauuyje), uma MsyseTHO ZoOpy Maponporyermsueoct (u-5) rycrHHy 150 kg/m’. Baxno je nanowenyrH aa cy vectame aeporesa y oOsmiKy mpaxa nesirme 45-500 unt (cnera je 3% massa on 45 MuikpoHa), @ nope y HiMa cy HaHO-BeMMAHKa (cpemta EpeAHOCT pesimka 20-40 nm). [6] Ha Taj wasn nornyno je GesGenan sa pan m 2axteRa HeTY saurmuTy onpemy Kao H pax ca nemertom. Mowe ce cehis na osronapajyhe mumensuje ajoOHHHjiN anaTHa 3a ceYeRse, KAO INTO CY OGHUHE MaKase sa TeKCTHN. BEOMa s1aKO 1 Gp2o0 ce nocran.na 1 mje norpediia noceGia Texnoxoryja Kon moctanssarea, Ha mera ce Mowe HAMIETH MATTED, KAKO TPRIMMWOHANM Ma:TTEP Ha Gas KPe%a, TAKO M Ma:trep ya Gasn axpwa x ApyrHx canpemeHHx MaTepHjaza, Fixit Aerogel® repwomantep Fixit 222 Acrogel maxrep je nacrao y capanisu ca mucturytom EMIIA. Paau ce 0 TepMowsonauwoHoM ManTepy Koje je mpersuheHo sa MauuueKo Mazrepwcatse Osmmxyjy ra oamisiast Koedsuutjentt TORLTOTHE NpoBOABABOCTH. dy = 0,0261 mW/mK, naponponycnocr (j< 5) m ronooaGojnocr, ryerimte je 220 kg/m’. [8 Ms acuexra saurrure oxoumne, upunena o6a Matepujana je GesSeama, pacnonemy ca cepripuxarom Exponcke Yiae. 4, IIPHMEHA AEPOPEJIA Y TPABEBHHAPCTBY Acporex tepMonsonanuion warepHjasm ce Mory upiMeMTt 32 TomorHy waoxantiy comx exeMenara omora4a srpaia, uouosa dhacamux suuosa, xpososa, ur... Hua Ea | JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING (2074) 40 ronmin rexsesnckor eamnreTA cvEOTAUA rrr Leeneenne eee DAES R cue MaLLN uMajyhm y BHAY a TpeHYTHO jon REOMA CKYMH, OR MaTepHjam cy HaNemeHH 3a peiere MpoSnema TepMorsoxanuje Ha MecTina re je MpocTop orpanmes re Ha Mauioj HOEpUIMKH MoxeMO OCTuhit sHaNajHe yurrexe. Mory ce KOpHCTHITH 3a OUyHY ‘TpaNvMHOHATENX TepMoNZoNAMHOKAX MaTepHjaTa Ha MECTHMA TONIOTHAX MOCTORA, KAO 1na MpHNep OKO Nposopa, Bpara, KOA HOCava sH:IORA KOA MOHTAAHE CYRE rpart6C, KON Sankona, ca yuyrpanuise crpante acanwor sista usa pazujaTopa, Ha MecTHMa re je Sor ncranaiuiia uMtaMo TasKacTe TyOHTKE TOMIOTE, HIM Ha MecTHMa THe je OCTAO Maso mpocropa sa yrpauiy aqexnarior —atepajaa (y cranosuoa siulecupaTHix cramGennx oGjexara). (Caka 8.) Cuxa 8. Tepousonayuja nadnposopne epede u GaxKond Beowa cykopucsi marepujas sa cananijy TonoTennx ryGuraKa Kor oGjeKara Koj cy nog. $allTHTOM crloMemiKa H KY:Type, Gor Mase MoTpeSHe EDIE ta NocTHBAKKe ssyseTio nOGpix Tepmonsonaiusjexin napaMeTapa H onLUHIHO MparH OOsHKE sHAODa H ocraute aei08e oGjeKara. (Count 9.) Tlornsuia ey pentema Hy CBHM cayNajeRNMa Kaxa ce TepMomoralUja He Moxe hoctaiu ca wauucxe crpane oOjesra, na OH nocTasname kaaciMe TepMoMsOrANHje agexsatHe eGIHe sHavajHo eMaBNO HeTO YuyTpAMIEBH MpocTop, ‘Ciuxa 9, [ocmasnaive aepozer mepmouronayje ua oBjexme nod saumumom cnomenuka u xyamype | S5OPHIK PAROBA FPABEBMHCKOT @AKYINTETA (2014) | Ea th 4.0 aniversary FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING SUBOTICA ore Catan RM ec eee SSN TIposopn ca oxsHpHMa ca aeporen nymemeM BeoMa Gpso Gu ce TpeGamH Habit ¥ mponaj, ma he Ow stasajant eneMenTH npr Warpamion NacHBHAX Ht HyeHepreTcKHX xyha. [9] Onexyje ce na he Kao VIP # GIP m aeporenn name passujans y nparny noGomuatsa TepMoNsonaiujcKHX mapaMerapa saMeHoN Ragnyxa y Mopana ca racom wjH je oespHiuijenr TomTOTHe mpososUBiBOCTH MatbM (At, Xe, Kt) 10H BaKYMOM. 5. 3AKJbYYAK Mehy arepnjanuma koju ce Tpenyrio Kopuere y rpalennuaperay, TepwomsoanujexH Marepijan 1a Gas acporena tpenyrHo HMajy Hajmoxy mpeswocr Koedmujerra ToMIOTHE MPOBOUBHBOCTA, ‘Tn warepnjam cy neoma noromin sa yrpaniey, jep we saxtenajy noceGue anare wm rexxonoruje, Mory ce Cehi, GyUmTH H MOCTaBNATH Ca OHNE BaTHONA KAO H OCTAL TepMoMsOaMOHM MaTepajaciM (CTHpONOP, smAKEpaHa ByKa, WIAL).TaKOhe Ce Ha wHX Moxke HavleTH Crannapaton Texionornjon Ma:TTep H KXACHMaH HW CHITTETHTIKEE ‘Mopa ce BouiETH payHa MpHNKoM pata ca TepMoHsonanuticKHN MarepHjactoMa Ha Casi aeporena ja ce KopHcTe ajlekRaTHe aIITHTHE MacKe, jep Mpax 1aKo H3:1a9H 13 TpaKa, nantena v joprana Tor Tuna npitHKOM ManHnynauuje, Ceverba H OCTABsbaIba. Tipe rpahesusiapcrsom je jou jenax 15308, a npex npoussohawusa sanaraK a jour ule ycanpine Taj npousBox Ho CRAM napaMeTpHMa, NOCeSHO eKOHOMCKHN. 3AXBAJIHOCT Baxsamyjemo Terepy Keausemy npeycrasuxy ,Aspen Acrogels™ Inc. y Cp6uja # Oroy Temeumjy stacuuxy H-lon* PassojHo-unorauonor 3.0.0, us Mabapexe, Ha BueromMUNLo| capamei 1 TpYxeHo] NoMohi ws oGsiacTH OBHX MarepHjara, Osaj pan je ypaljen y oxsupy Hayywo-uerpaxusauxor mpojexra IlI-42012, Koja unanenpa Munncrapcrso mpocsere, wayke TexHonomkor paszoja PenySnmxe Cpouje, JIMTEPATYPA (1) http://en.wikipedia org/wiki/Acrogel , upeysero 04.02.2014 [2] Hrubesh, L.W.: Aerogel applications, Section 8. Applications, Journal of Non- Crystalline Solids, 1998., Vol. 225, exp. 335-342 [3] Jeile, B.P.,: Traditional, state-of-the-art and future thermal building insulation materials and solutions ~ Properties, requirements and possibilities, Energy and Buildings, 2011, vol. 43., erp. 2549-2563 [4] Gaosheng, W., Yusong, L., Xinxin, Z., Fan, Y., Xiaoze, D.,: Thermal conductivities study on silica acrogel and its composite insulation materials, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2011., vol. 54., exp. 2355-2366 Ea | JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING (2074) 40 ronmin rexsesnckor eamnreTA cvEOTAUA Corres Ceca ae ae DAES R cue MaLLN [5] Baetens, R., J. V., Thue, Tenpierik, M. J., Grynning, S., Uvslokk, S., Gustavsen, A. Vacuum insulation panels for building applications: A review and beyond, Energy and Buildings, 2010, vol. 42., erp. 147-172 [6] http:/iwww.aerogel.com’, npeysero 05.02.2014. [7] Test report No. F.2-192a/09, FIW-Miinchen, 2009 [8] hup://www fixit.ch/aerogel’, npeysero 05.02.2014. [9] Hanus, M.t., Harris, A.T.: Nanotechnology innovations for the construction industry, Progress in Materials Science, 2013, Vol. 58, erp. 1056-1102 AEROGEL BASED THERMAL INSULATION MATERIALS FOR BUILDING APPLICATIONS Summary: Thermal insulation materials based on aerogels are flexible, nanoporous ‘materials, produced using nanotechnology in the laboratories of NASA (USA), primarily used in space exploration. Today these materials with an extremely low coefficient of thermal conductivity (= 0.0131 WimK) are available for commercial use and for construction purposes, It can also be used to go together with other traditional insulating materials in certain places where the application requires a narrow strip of excellent insulating material such as around windows, doors or in a places where only a small space is available for the installation of appropriate thermo insulation in order to prevent the problem of thermal bridges. They are applicable for both extreme high and Tow temperatures. Keywords: Aerogel, nanotechnology, thermo insulation | S5OPHIK PAROBA FPABEBMHCKOT @AKYINTETA (2014) | EI