CYBER LAW

INTRODUCTION:
Cyberlaw is a new phenomenon having emerged much after the onset of Internet. Internet grew in a completely unplanned and unregulated manner. Even the inventors of Internet could not have really anticipated the scope and far reaching consequences of cyberspace. The growth rate of cyberspace has been enormous. Internet is growing rapidly and with the population of Internet doubling roughly every 100 days, Cyberspace is becoming the new preferred environment of the world.With the spontaneous and almost phenomenal growth of cyberspace, new and ticklish issues relating to various legal aspects of cyberspace began cropping up. In response to the absolutely complex and newly emerging legal issues relating to cyberspace, CYBERLAW or the law of Internet came into being. The growth of Cyberspace has resulted in the development of a new and highly specialised branch of law called CYBERLAWS- LAWS OF THE INTERNET AND THE WORLD WIDE WEB. DEFINITION: There is no one exhaustive definition of the term "Cyberlaw". However, simply put, Cyberlaw is a term which refers to all the legal and regulatory aspects of Internet and the World Wide Web. Anything concerned with or related to, or emanating from, any legal aspects or issues concerning any activity of netizens and others, in Cyberspace comes within the ambit of Cyberlaw .

Indian Cyber Law India
India cyber (internet) laws is largely governed by the Information Technology Act 2000. The act was amended in 2008.The act which is there to ostensibly promote electronic commerce also provides for penalties and criminal offenses. Get more information on cyber laws in India criminal offenses. Get more information on cyber laws in India.

2000 (IT Act. It would be prudent to analyse the exact position that applies to the Indian cyber law. The Act offers the much-needed legal framework so that information is not denied legal effect. solely on the ground that it is in the form of electronic records. creating and retention of official documents in the digital format. However. which denotes all aspects. It is the exclusive law in this regard and is under the process of amendments. It is the 12th country of the world having a cyber law. In the Indian context. . ADVANTAGES OF CYBER LAW: The IT Act 2000 attempts to change outdated laws and provides ways to deal with cyber crimes. In view of the growth in transactions and communications carried out through electronic records. 2000) is the cyber law of India. 2000. Singapore. issues and the legal consequences on the Internet. It covers areas like egovernance. France. validity or enforceability. We need such laws so that people can perform purchase transactions over the Net through credit cards without fear of misuse. The same applies to cyber law of India as well. the Information Technology Act. The Act has also proposed a legal framework for the authentication and origin of electronic records / communications through digital signature.ROLE OF CYBER LAW IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES: Cyber law is a generic term. e-commerce. Malaysia and Japan . the World Wide Web and cyber space. some critics and cyber law experts have questioned the strength of IT Act.India has done a good job by enacting a cyber law. the Act seeks to empower government departments to accept filing. cyber contraventions and cyber offences. India is the 12th nation in the world that has cyber legislation apart from countries like the US. ESSENTIALS OF CYBER LAW: CYBER LAW is seen as an essential component of criminal justice system all over the world.

The IT Act also addresses the important issues of security. This is a broad term that describes everything from electronic cracking to denial of service attacks that cause electronic commerce sites to lose money". The Act has given a legal definition to the concept of secure digital signatures that would be required to have been passed through a system of a security procedure. the implications of these provisions for the e-businesses would be that email would now be a valid and legal form of communication in our country that can be duly produced and approved in a court of law. body or agency owned or controlled by the appropriate Government in electronic form by means of such electronic form as may be prescribed by the appropriate Government. as stipulated by the Government at a later date. authority. not exceeding Rs. The Act now allows Government to issue notification on the web thus heralding e-governance. CYBER CRIMES : "It is a criminal activity committed on the internet. . it shall now be possible for corporates to have a statutory remedy in case if anyone breaks into their computer systems or network and causes damages or copies data. The Act throws open the doors for the entry of corporate companies in the business of being Certifying Authorities for issuing Digital Signatures Certificates. Firstly. The remedy provided by the Act is in the form of monetary damages. 2000. application or any other document with any office. Digital signatures have been given legal validity and sanction in the Act. • • • • • • • Companies shall now be able to carry out electronic commerce using the legal infrastructure provided by the Act. which are so critical to the success of electronic transactions. Under the IT Act. 1 crore. the IT Act 2000 and its provisions contain many positive aspects.From the perspective of e-commerce in India. The Act enables the companies to file any form.

2. Cybercrimes against government. 3.The penalty for illegally accessing a computer system ranges from 6 months to 5 years. Other penalties are listed below: Telecommunication service theft: The theft of telecommunication services is a very common theft and is punished with a heavy fine and imprisonment. Communications intercept crime: This is a Class-D crime which is followed by a severe punishment of 1 to 5 years of imprisonment with a fine. The introduction of such penalties have lead to a drastic reduction in the cyber crime rates as more and more criminals are becoming aware of the penalties related to them. Some of the penalties are as follows: Government protected system: An act of trying to gain access to a system which is a protected system by the government.Cyber crimes can be basically divided into 3 major categories: 1. PUNISHMENT: Cybercrime must be dealt with very seriously because it causes a lot of damage to businesses and the actual punishment should depend on the type of fraud used. Cybercrimes against persons. Other cyber crimes like telecommunication piracy. Information Technology Act-2000: According to this act. offensive material dissemination. The penalty for the unofficial modification on a computer ranges from 5 to 10 years. . will result in imprisonment for 10 years and a heavy fine. different penalties are available for different crimes. Spreading the word about the penalties of cyber crime can serve as a deterrent against such crime. Cybercrimes against property. and other cyber frauds also belong to this category.

he enquired and came to know about the misuse. CONCLUSION: The biggest problem of cybercrime lies in the modus operandi and the motive of the cyber criminal. Cyber law helps to protect from cyber crimes. According to the information provided by the police.P. . Investigation revealed that the details were obtained from State Bank of India . Customer was alert and came to know something was fishy.CASES OF CYBER LAW: Customers credit card details were misused through online means for booking air-tickets. Cyber Cell head DCP Sunil Pulhari and PI Mohan Mohadikar A. Shaikh was working in the credit card department. These culprits were caught by the city Cyber Crime Investigation Cell in pune. Dharmendra Bhika Kale and Ahmead Sikandar Shaikh were arrested. He contacted the Bank in this regards.I Kate were involved in eight days of investigation and finally caught the culprits. Police requested for the log details and got the information of the Private Institution. The tickets were book through online means. It is found that details misused were belonging to 100 people. due to this he had access to credit card details of some customers. He used to sell these tickets to customers and get money for the same. Sanjeet Mahavir Singh Lukkad. ICICI Prudential Life Insurance officer had complained on behalf of one of his customer. Mr. one of the customer received a SMS based alert for purchasing of the ticket even when the credit card was being held by him. Using the information obtained from Kale Lukkad booked tickets. Police observed involvement of many Bank's in this reference. Shaiklh was employed in one of the branches of State Bank of India . including offenders. In this regard Mr. Cyber space is a transit space for many people. Parvesh Chauhan. He gave that information to Kale. Kale in return passed this information to his friend Lukkad. He had given few tickets to various other institutions. Kale was his friend. Lukkad being employeed at a private institution.

SIVAKASI.SIVASANKARI SUBMITTED Miss C.Divya .THE STANDARD FIREWORKS RAJRATNAM COLLEGE FOR WOMEN. DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINSTRATION 2010-2011 ASSIGNEMT-1 SUBJECT : BUSINESS LAW SUBJECT CODE: JBU32 MAJOR : II-BBA SUBMITTED TO: BY G.

THE STANDARD FIREWORKS RAJRATNAM COLLEGE FOR WOMEN.SARUNEE .SIVAKASI.Divya DEVI SUBMITTED BY M. DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINSTRATION 2010-2011 ASSIGNEMT-1 SUBJECT : BUSINESS LAW SUBJECT CODE: JBU32 MAJOR : II-BBA SUBMITTED TO: Miss C.

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