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Why is Rizal the greatest filipino hero? By Esteban A.

makabayan
de Ocampo Deconcentration: bawal lumabas sa kampo

-Answered two questions; (1) bakit siya ang


pinakadakilang bayani at (2) sino ang pumili sa kanya
-According to Webster, may tatlong kahulugan ang
salitang bayani: (a) a prominent or central person taking
an admirable part in any remarkable action or event
(yugto ng kasaysayan) (b) a person of distinguished valor
or enterprise in danger or fortitude in suffering (may
tapang, kagitingan) (c) a man honored after death by
public worship because of exceptional service to mankind
(kamatayan)
-other writers were mentioned in the book: (a) Marcelo H.
Del Pilar: La Soberania Monacal (Monastic Supremacy in
the Phil) (b) Graciano Jaena: Discursos y Articulos Varios
(c) Antonio Luna: Impresiones (d) Pedro Paterno: Ninay
-Ninay: kauna-unahang pilipinong kasulatan
-Clase media (middle class): principalia and illustrado
1. Principalia: own fields cultivated by their various
retainers, even though traditional land rights had been
limited to usufruct.; heirs of pre-Spanish nobility(usually
land-owners)
-Emilio Aguinaldo was a principalia.
2. Ilustrado: pangkaisipan, namulat sa lideralismo
-Rizal is an ilustrado.
-KKK: (a) bayani: Rizal (b) katipunan: anak ng bayan (c)
kawal: GOMBURZA
-Rizal was a “conscious hero”.
1. Reluctant revolutionary
2. Revolutionary reformist
3. Bourgeoisie reformist
4. Reformist revolutionist
-Anong nangyari after mapiling bayani si Rizal? (a)
certain groups of people believed that Rizal is a mighty
someone (b) overshadowed the revolution (c) nakalimutan
natin na may iba pa palang bayani
-unregenerate (ayaw makicooperate sa group).. Sino??
-Why Americans chose Rizal?
1. For benevolent assimilation- product of Americans with
importance of education, Rizal as a role model
2. Rizal was not anti-American
3. Eksaktong eksakto na Rizal was an ilustrado
4. Rizal will stand as a symbol para mamagnify yung galit
natin sa mga Kastila and makalimutan ng mga Pilipino na
they were colonized by the Americans
5. Rizal wanted reformist, not a separatist- pinapatay ng
mga Americans yung nationalismo by implementing the
following:
a. Flag law: bawal iwagayway ang flag
b. Sedition law: declared unlawful any peaceful or overt
means such as speech, printing, publication and circulation
of any material that encourages the Filipinos to fight
against the American colonial rule in the Philippines.
c. Brigandage law: nagbabawal sa mga Filipino na
magtayo o bumuo ng mga samahan at kilusang
Tabungar, Kaezzy Ila B. 4. Dapat peaceful and kalmado
PI-100 Aside from the Rizal, the following heroes were included
in the roster:
a. Marcelo H. del Pilar
Introduction to PI-100 b. Graciano Lopez Jaena
c. Emilio Jacinto
Rizal law- Recto bill d. Antonio Luna
-mandated subject -At first, it was Marcelo del Pilar who was chosen by the
1956: naipasa committee however another criteria was added
-RA 1425: Rizal law; pinagtibay June 12, 1956 5. Dapat dramatic na pagmamatay; hence,
-60 years na -Rizal was the one chosen as the national hero
-submitted the law: Jose B. Laurel (from the lower house) -bumaril kay Rizal: Filipino firing squad- nasa likod nila
-written by Claro M. Recto in the upper house was the Spanish firing squad
a. Recto was a nationalist senator, anti-colonial, anti- -request ni Rizal na harap siyang barilin- denied
American -request na wag sa ulo, sa harap lang ng katawan- granted
b. Pangunahing tauhan behind this act that mandated this -”consunatumir”????- it has been done
subject -binigyan ng mercy shot: 7:03- patay na!
-also called as “Recto Bill” -all the others died at the same year, 1896
-August 16,1956: required public and private universities -there is no law that declared Rizal as the national hero
to have one subject that will tackle on Rizal’s life and
works` Rizal as the national hero
-Relevance of this bill: 1956: after world war, may -Act # 243: lugar sa MNL na paglalagyan ng bantayog ni
kaguluhan sa central luzon, there was social unrest... For Rizal
“formative and decisive years” -disenyo ng nasa luneta: was made by the winner of an
To develop within the citizens the following: international competition sponsored by the government
1. moral character -ang 2nd na disenyo ang nakalagay dun sa Luneta dahil
2. Personal discipline yung mga materials ng 1st prize ay hindi pwedeng ipasok
3. Civic conscience sa pinas
4. Duties of citizenship -1st prize: Carlos Nicoli from Italy- to the martyr of
-300 000 was the budget for this bagumbayan
-2nd prize: Richard Kissling, a Swiss- guiding star
Recto vs. Catholic church -Dec. 1912: tinayo ang guiding star
Nakalaban ni Recto ang Catholic church about this. Ayaw -Statue in Luneta is made up of:
ipabasa ng simbahan ang noli at el fili dahit hindi dawkaya a. Bronze from switzerland
idigest ng mga tao and nakakoffend daw sa catholic faith b. Has a rhombus platform (base)
a. 170 passages: Noli Me tangere c. Solid granite blocks
b. 50 passages: El filibusterismo d. Obelisk: 50 ft
-nagbanta ang simbahan na kung ituloy yung bill na ito ay e. Dati linagyan ng aluminum pylon but tinaggal later on
isasarado nila lahat ng cathloic schools; sagot ni Recto: go because it pangit daw
lang, inanationalize nalang yung mga schools na ito -the statue has members of “Knights or Rizal” surrounding
-church wanted “expurgated copies” it
-Recto wanted “unexpurgated copies” -Act #137: bahagi ng pasig ay pinangalanag Rizal;
-in the end, walang nagawa yung church however they organized the “politico-military district of Morong” into
arrived at an agreement na pwede magsulat ng affidavit “Province of Rizal”.
kung hindi kayang magbasa ng el fili at noli -Kauna-unahang bantayog ni Rizal is not the one in
Luneta but is located in siyudad ng Daet, Camarines Norte
American made hero Rizal -1898: Masons were there and they made a marker in
-Americans chose Rizal as the national hero of the honor of Rizal
Filipinos
-1900, William Howard Taft: first american civil governor
-led a committee with 4 Americans and 4 Filipinos who
studied different potential bayanis and chose among them
with the use of 4 criterias:
1. Dapat Pilipino
2. Dapat patay
3. Dapat makabayan

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