ANNEX 2-56 WP6 D6.4 Showcase-Greece | Anaerobic Digestion | Biogas

Project: BiG>East

(EIE/07/214)

Biogas Show Cases in the target region of Greece
Deliverable 6.4

Submitted by: Zafiris Christos, MSc Sioulas Konstantinos, MSc

Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES) 19th km Marathonos Avenue 190 09 Pikermi, Greece

February 2009

With the support of:

The sole responsibility for the content of this publication lies with the authors. It does not represent the opinion of the Community. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

......................1................. Technology Specifications .... 14 2........................ 11 2.......3. 3 1................................... 5 Biomass and biogas potential................................................... 6 Biogas Digestate Utilisation.............................................................................................. Feedstock providers............... 9 1...................................3................... 7 Flow chart.........................................1.................... 11 Biomass and biogas potential.................................................................................................................................................................................. 15 Investment ............................... 16 2 ...................... 15 Profit and Losses ............................................................................................... Technology Specifications ......................................................... Risk Management......................................................... Basic plant design...2............................................................................................................ 15 3......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1................................................................................. Basic plant design................................... Biogas Show Case: «Agrinio».......................................... Economical specifications....................................................................................................................2.......Biogas Show Cases Table of Contents Executive summary ................................................................................................ 10 2................................................................................................................2......................................................................................................... 12 Biogas Digestate Utilisation........ 16 3............................................ 10 Investment ................................................. 13 Flow chart......... Biogas Show Case: «Schimatari»......................................... 16 3... Organizational structure and Risk Management............................................3.................................................................................................................. Economical specifications........................................................... Construction ......... 6 Utilisation of the biogas ................................................................................................... 10 Profit and Losses ................................................................................ 16 3............. 9 Overall plant set up .................................................... 11 Utilisation of the biogas ........................... 7 1............................................ 14 Overall plant set up ............................................................................................. 13 2................................... 5 1........................................

The input materials come from agricultural and industrial companies in the nearby area of the plant.910 t/year Financial structure 7. installed capacity 1.7 Mm3 (approx. dairy waste (Whey). In this case it is assumed that the biogas is utilised in a gas engine for the production of electricity for sale to the grid (14 GWh/year) and for heat production (16 GWh/year).205.801 t/year 10. and secondary digesters made at storage tanks operated on lower temperature (in practice 40-45oC).988€ 11.000€ 0.499.310t/year 3.08014€/kWh 0€/kWh 0€/t 0€/t 0€/t Results 729.910 t/year 7. The BIG>EAST calculation model was used. cows and chicken manure.742.08014€/kWh 0€/kWh 0€/t 20€/t 0€/t 960. allowing the preliminary estimations (it is important to note that the results generated by the model should be only used as indicative and subject of change). blood from slaughterhouse.044€/year 263. Scenarios Feedstock CH4 production Electricity for Sale Heat for Sale Liquid fertilizer/local use Fibre Investment Costs Electricity Price Nominal Heat Price Nominal Gate fee Nominal Fibre Price Nominal Waste Treatment Price Earning before Interest Internal Return Rate (IRR) Capital Cost Total Earnings Technical data 1: electricity revenues 206. fat.000€ 0.801 t/year 10. The plant can be located to the mainland in the greater area of Schimatari .g.499.205.6 ha. 2.050€ 6.897m3/year 13.Biogas Show Cases Executive summary The basic characteristics and a brief description of the two selected Show cases are given below. The planned biogas plant shall be operated with the input material of liquid manure from pigs.Inofyta.26% 697.750. The heat is mainly used for the process (approximately 60%) and no external heat sale is assumed (an alternative is the excess heat to be used in the nearby area. e.310t/year 3. for space heating or other uses of the military campus).750. More details can be found in the next chapters.7 MWe).000kWh/year 6.000kWh/year 188.006€/year 2: electricity &compost revenue* 206. 50-52oC.000kWh/year 188. The plant as proposed will require a site of approx.044€/year 32. katsigaros (waste of olive oil production) and food waste (total feadstock of about 200.945€/year * In order to improve the revenue a scenario with nominal fertilizer price of 20€/t gives better results 3 .15% 697.897m3/year 13.000kWh/year 6. Show case 1: «Schimatari» Based on the mapping of the two Prefectures (Evia and Viotia) a promising site for biogas exploitation based mainly on pig manure can be located in the greater area between Evia island and the mainland. The total amount of CH4 production is approx. The plant is based on co-digestion of different types of feedstock in a two step process – first step thermophilic digester made at silo digesters at approx. The table below summarises the basic data and financial assumptions applied for the needs of the assessment and calculation of the economic forecast and the main results.000t/year).742. 3.

NW of Agrinio city).450. a consortium or even a Public Private Partnership (PPPs).133.941t/year Financial structure 11.941t/year 11.436€/year 54. The heat is mainly used for the process (approx.Biogas Show Cases Show case 2: «Agrinio» Based on the mapping of the Prefecture of Aitoloakarnania a significant biogas potential in the region comes mainly from manure in the area of Agrinio and dairy waste (whey) with codigestion of maize silage. Semarios Feedstock CH4 production Electricity for Sale Heat for Sale Liquid fertilizer/local use Fibre Investment Costs Electricity Price Nominal Heat Price Nominal Gate fee Nominal Fibre Price Nominal Waste Treatment Price Earning before Interest Internal Return Rate (IRR) Capital Cost Total Earnings Technical data 1: electricity revenues 206.892t/year 19. The planned biogas plant shall be operated with the input material of liquid manure from pigs.578.44% 1. In this case it is assumed that the biogas is utilised in a gas engine for the production of electricity for sale to the grid (36. maize silage.000€ 0. The input materials come from agricultural and industrial companies in the vicinity of the plant.310t/year 3. dairy waste (whey).309. Furthermore. The table below summarises the basic data and financial assumptions applied for the needs of the assessment and calculation of the economic forecast and the main results.761€/year 2: Electricity & compost revenue* 206.7 Mm3 (approx. allowing the preliminary estimations (it is important to note that the results generated by the model should be only used as indicative and subject of change).7 GWh/year) and for heat production (41.634€ 13.197€ 7.000kWh/year 281. installed capacity 4.037.118.08014€/kWh 0€/kWh 0€/t 20€/t 0€/t 1.54% 1.742. thus a biogas plants can be located in the greater area of Agrinio city. The plant can be located in the nearby area of Agrinio city (eg.8 GWh/year heat production).742. The plant is based on co-digestion of different types of feedstock in a two step process – first step thermophilic digester made at silo digesters at approx.000kWh/year 27. and secondary digesters made at storage tanks operated on lower temperature (in practice 40-45oC). The farmers' harvest is directly brought to the place of the plant and discharged into the reception bunker (total feadstock of about 320.198€/year * In order to improve the revenue a scenario with nominal fertilizer price of 20€/t gives better results In all the case studies the solid fertiliser (the fibre fraction) will sold as solid fertilizer and the liquid fertiliser will be supplied to farms where it can be utilised.897m3/year 35. blood from slaughterhouses. 36%) and no external heat sale is assumed (an alternative is the excess heat to be used in the greenhouses in the nearby area). Spolaita or Stratos community at a distance of 10km approx.436€/year 445. 50-52oC. The BIG>EAST calculation model was used.000t/year).4 MWe). katsigaros (waste of olive oil production) and fat. 4 .08014€/kWh 0€/kWh 0€/t 0€/t 0€/t Results 1. 3 ha. The total amount of CH4 production is approx.037.309.000kWh/year 27. The plant as proposed will require a site of approx.310t/year 3.892t/year 19. 9.450.133.000kWh/year 281. the owner of the plant can be a private investor.000€ 0.897m3/year 35.

blood from slaughterhouse. the maximum farm capacity (number of sow places). separated by the Euboic sea. fat. Trikala and Preveza. dairy waste (Whey). The plant can be located to the mainland in the greater area of Schimatari – Inofyta (see map). manure production and future biogas exploitation. The electrical system of the island is connected to the mainland national grid. Map Source: Hellenic Military Geographical Service 5 . Biogas Show Case: «Schimatari» The livestock-farming plays an important role in the economical activity of the Sterea Ellada Region but not the primary one. Evia is the largest island of Greece too close to the mainland. katsigaros (waste of olive oil production) and food waste. The input materials come from agricultural and industrial companies in the nearby area of the plant. The planned biogas plant shall be operated with the input material of liquid manure from pigs.Biogas Show Cases 1. The intensive livestock-farming is concentrated near the Metropolitan area of Athens namely the South East of Viotia and central Evia (near Chalkida) and it consists mainly by poultry and pig farms and secondary by cattle breading. The main form of farming represents the extensive sheep breeding in the mountainous regions and mainly in Evia and Fthiotida Prefectures. Among the leader Prefectures in that prospective is Evia. Viotia has a well established electrical system as it belongs to the mainland and is served by the mainland national grid. Based on the mapping of the two Prefectures (Evia and Viotia) a promising site for biogas exploitation based mainly on pig manure can be located in the greater area between Evia island and the mainland. cows and chicken manure. Viotia but mostly Evia is an interesting Prefecture concerning the number of pig farms. The last years the intensive animal breading is rather stable.

917 143.912 6.4 35 7 VS/TS 80 80 80 80 85 95 95 95 58 90 t VS 2.798.000 5. Based on the above estimations and other feedstock availability in the area the following biomasses and potential biogas production is calculated below.000 134.000 10 2.7 MWe).934 22. eg for space heating or other uses of the military campus).896 Other feedstock like fat.7 Mm3 (approx.633 340. installed capacity 1. The biogas generated by fermentation shall be utilised in a combined heat and power station and the generated power shall be supplied into the public network.402.443 GVS 290 290 210 290 460 650 350 330 700 350 m3 CH4/y 844. In this case it is assumed that the biogas is utilised in a gas engine for the production of electricity for sale to the grid and for production of heat.480 1.482 3. The gas potential is calculated form Danish standard figures of potential gas yield from different biomasses as achieved in lab tests and on commercial operating plants. katsigaros (waste of olive oil production) and food waste were added in small proportion in order to increase the biogas yield.1. The plant is a co-digestion plant utilising besides the manure wastes residuals from nearby industries and nearby military campus (waste from larger kitchens).477 32.263 3.310 10% 22 12 8 5 25.Biogas Show Cases 1. Utilisation of the biogas The total amount of CH4 production is approx.500 80.6 125. The following energy production can be expected: 6 .400 278.742.200 640 960 96 37 64 100 205 230 11.042 23.400 44.100 1.400 50 512 323 845 2. Basic plant design Biomass and biogas potential It is assumed that more than 85% of the manure available in the area is transported to the biogas plant for digestion and separation. 3.000 6. The amount of these biomasses used in the calculation is based on mapping made in the area.400 730 206. Schimatari site Input Pig manure Sows Pig manure Fatteners Cow manure Chicken manure Stomach content Fat Blood Whey Oil mill waste Food waste Total Added storage Total production of methane Biogas production t input/y % TS 65.2 8. dairy waste (Whey). The heat is mainly used for the process and no external heat sales are assumed (there is a possibility the excess heat to be used in the nearby area. blood from slaughterhouse.

247 kW 1. The input biomasses are divided in three types each supplied to an individual reception tank.547 6. This leaves approx. • Manure and stomach content • Waste with no demand for sanitation (Whey and oil mill waste) • Cat. During service the gas is burned in a boiler for producing heat for the plant and possible surplus gas is flared off.300 ha meaning a saving of approx. 13. The feedstock division is based on the demand for sanitation in relation to EU Regulation 1774/2002 and on the demand for optimising feed of biomasses in relation to how they digest. The manure and stomach content is in relation to EU Regulation 1774/2002 Cat.695 kW electric at 14. Even if the plant is supplied with nutrients in the organic waste the requirement after digestion and separation will be lower because nitrogen is removed in the fibre fraction.600 ha spreading area. It is assumed that the digestate is separated in a liquid fraction and a solid fraction to achieve a higher utilisation of the nutrients.). the energy and the nutrients in the biomass. 14.326 kWh/y 14.299 9. 0. Biogas Digestate Utilisation The raw manure supplied into the plant requires approx. 6% of the total electricity production).204. The plant uses some electricity for operation (separation equipment. 60% of the heat production from the engines).1 GWh per year can be expected. 3 waste in relation to EU Regulation 1774/2002 (fat.102. This is estimated to approx. 7. blowers etc. 5% of the time of the year (equal to approx. 1.94 kWh/m3 CH4 39.900 ha in relation to the nitrate directive.9 GWh (equal to approx. Flow chart The mass balance of the biogas plant «Schimatari» has been calculated including the biomass.Biogas Show Cases Energy production Gas produktion used on site equal to Minmum engine capacity Utilisation Electricity production engine Total electricity production Heat production Used in the process For other use Utilised 37. 2 waste with no demand for sanitation and the other waste types are not regulated in relation to this EU Regulation. blood and food waste).395 kWh/y at 4. 18 days).498. This will reduce pressure on land in the area and reduce costs for transport and spreading.751 kWh/y kWh/y kWh/y kWh/y kWh/y at and at at equal to equal to 9. pumps. The solid fertiliser (the fibre fraction) will be sold as solid fertiliser.9% efficiency 5% of the time out 43. In relation to EU Regulation all Cat.573. The requirement for land for using the liquid fertilizer after the process will be approx. The reason is that the biomass has relative low energy content/high water content.2 GWh for sale to the grid.102.2% 38 742 0% efficiency Deg C heated kW of heat As it can be seen an electricity production of approx. As it can be seen the process heat demand is relatively large (approx. 6. It is expected that the engine is out for service in approx. By dividing the biomasses in different tanks it is pos- 7 .326 16. 3 waste have to be sanitised at 70oC for on hour before treatment in the biogas plant.072. mixers.

N/y 967 t NH4-N/y 59 t P/y 626 t K Fibre 10.098 t NH4-N/y 345 t P/y 663 t K Digestate/Local utilisation t/y TS t Tot. Flow diagram Project Evia Biogas Preliminary Process electricity 897 MWh/y 102 kW (average) Reception system Manure+stomach waste 200. maize and grass. N/y 967 t NH4-N/y 59 t P/y 626 t K Liquid fertiliser/local use 188.574 MWh/y 1.835 kW (average) Process heat 9.901 3. 8 .742.499 MWh/y 742 kW (average) Sanitation unit Secondary digesters Digested biomass 199.912 t/y 7% TS Waste no santitation 3.897 m3 CH4 37.326 Electricity for sale 13.343 t Tot.720 t TS 1. 3 waste 1.701 t/y 8.898 t/y 13% TS Other biomasses t/y TS Digesters 206.075 t Tot. N/y 1. The liquid is a relative nitrogen rich fertiliser and has the right composition of the nutrients for normal agricultural crops as serials.310 4% 1. This fraction is a perfect fertiliser for wine growing and for fruit plantations.500 t/y 19% TS Cat. N/y t NH4-N/y t P/y tK Because of the relative high content of water in the input biomass the amount of output biomass will not be much lower than the input (approx.801 t/y 4. N/y t NH4-N/y t P/y tK Decanter separator 199.317 t TS/y Liquid fertiliser 188. The fibre fraction can be composted and will then be reduced in volume because of evaporation of part of the water.102 MWh/y 1. 97% of the input – approx.093 kW (average) Heat for consumption 6.720 t TS 1.574 t biomass/y TS in digester t N/y t NH4-n/y t P/y t K/y Dec C MWh heat Total gas production 3.597 269 131 286 36 t/y t TS/y t Tot.507 kW (average) m3 CH4 Heat production 16. 3% is taken out as biogas).701 t biomass/y 8.072 MWh/y 1.Biogas Show Cases sible to optimise the feeding of the digesters as well as it takes away dependency of regularity in the supply.317 t TS/y 1.801 t/y 4.204 MWh Electricity production 14.102.205 MWh/y 1.343 1.610 kW (average) CHP 14.075 t Tot.098 345 663 50 9.

1. 6. 16 days. Besides serving as a secondary digester the volume under the membrane serves as gas storage (approx.6 ha).000 m3 gas storage capacities in each tank). 9 . 9. Overall plant set up The manure is picked up from the farms and transported to the biogas plant. vegetable waste etc. The plant is provided with the following reception tanks: Reception tank for manure: Approx. 2. By an estimated retention time of approx. It is assumed that all gas passes these three tanks and that a biological gas purification (removal of H2S) is made under the membrane. It is assumed that the industries supplied the waste products to the plant themselves or by contractors. 16 days in the primary digesters the volume of the primary digesters will be approx. An approx. It is recommended to make the tanks as high silo tanks (a little higher than the diameter) to easy mixing and to save space and that they are provided with top mounted mixers. The secondary digesters can be made as non insulated concrete manure tanks provided with a double membrane. Alternatively it can be made as three times 3.500 m3 buffer tank for this is included on the site. Furthermore. The size enables possible later expansion with one more digester and secondary digester.500 m3.Biogas Show Cases 1. It is assumed that this is made in two times 4. it is assumed that the digested liquid fertiliser is supplied to farms where it can be utilised. Technology Specifications The biomass is mainly manure and based on the composition and the nitrogen content of the biomass (estimated to approx. 100 m3 covered concrete tank provided with mixers Reception tank for waste where sanitation is Approx 200 m3 covered concrete tank pronot required (whey. 3.): vided with mixers. 3 waste: Approx. The plant as proposed will require a site of approx.000 m3.5 kg total nitrogen per t of biomass) the biomass is regarded as suitable for thermophilic digestion at 50-52oC and a retention time in the primary digester of approx. 2.2. 150*175 m (approx.000 m3 covered concrete tank provided with mixers Reception tank for Cat.000 m3. It is recommended that the retention time is a little longer than in the primary digesters.

Buildings Electric system/SCADA Other coasts.000 930. tanks) Engineering.020 232.912 0 729.044 32.912 0 960.000 1.Biogas Show Cases 1.082.912 72.063 0 218.000 Profit and Loss For the needs of the assessment and calculation of the economic forecast.945 10 .050 6.000 0 7.160. commissioning etc Equipments (eg. Based on the above mentioned facilities and plant design the investments costs for such a plant are as follows: Investment Cost: Project No 1 «Schimatari» Logistic (trucks. allowing the preliminary estimation of costs. It is well known that a biogas project demands high investment. unforeseeable etc. Project financing is therefore a key element for the success implementation of a biogas plant.063 0 0 232. plant size. Liquid assets Total Financial Demand * Included VAT and delivery Euro 940.big-east. Economical specifications Investment This section will focus on the development of a financial structure for a co-digestion plant using the input data as specified in the previous chapters and based on the plant design (inputs and outputs) and technological solution which are described above.912 72. dimensioning.000 150.eu).3.750.082.102 120. digester.000 500. the BIG>EAST calculation model was used.044 263.26% 697. pretreatment. The main results obtained for the specific show case “Schimatari” is summarized in the Table below for two basic scenarios: Profit and Loss: Show Case No1 «Schimatari» Euro* Economic Yield from Plant Operation Yield from electricity sale Yield from heat sale Yield from Compost sale Plant working costs General Busines Cost Biomass purchase Purchase of electric energy Discharge of sludge Earnings before Interest Internal Return Rate (IRR) Capital Cost Total Earnings * Value from Year 1 of operation Scenario 1 1.15% 697.102 120. technical outline etc.500.006 Scenario 2 1.988 11.000 570.000 3. post treatment and storage) CHP engine etc. The calculation model as well as the guidelines for its utilisation are also available for free download at http://www.

1. The farmers' harvest is directly brought to the place of the plant and discharged into the reception bunker. thus a biogas plants can be located in the greater area of Agrinio city. Biogas Show Case: «Agrinio» Aitoloakarnania is the largest Prefecture in the country and is a predominantly agricultural area. dairy waste (whey). katsigaros (waste of olive oil production) and fat. blood from slaughterhouse.Biogas Show Cases 2. Based on a detailed mapping of the Prefecture a significant biogas potential in the region comes mainly from manure and wastes in the area of Agrinio with co-digestion of maize silage. Source: Google Earth 2. Basic plant design Biomass and biogas potential The planned biogas plant shall be operated with the input material liquid manure from pigs. It is assumed that approx. The plant is a 11 . The plant can be located in the nearby area of Agrinio city (see map above). maize silage. The input materials come from agricultural and industrial companies in the vicinity of the plant. Agrinio is the biggest city of the Prefecture and is an important tobacco-producing centre. The area is served by the mainland national grid. Besides this the plant is planned to utilise energy crops (mainly maize silage) produced by the local farmers and sold to the plant. 80% of the manure and waste available in the area is transported to the biogas plant for digestion and separation.

7 Mm3 (approx. The amount of these biomasses used in the calculation is based on mapping made in the area.768 18.678 GVS 290 330 350 400 460 600 650 350 m3 CH4/y 1.000 6. This leaves approx.600 11. pumps.4 GWh (equal to approx. Utilisation of the biogas The total amount of CH4 production is approx.712.036. Based on the above estimations and other feedstock availability in the area the following biomasses and potential biogas production is calculated: Agrinio site Input Pig manure Dairy waste Energy crops Stomach content cows/lamp/goat Stomach waste pigs Katsigaros Fat Blood Total Added storage Total production of CH4 Biogas production t input/y % TS 124.840.086 0% efficiency Deg C heated kW of heat As it can be seen an electricity production of approx.94 kWh/m3 CH4 39.804.607.712.778 kWh/y at 11. blowers etc.028 10% 20 22 8.930 14. The heat is mainly used for the process and no external heat sales are assumed (an alternative is the excess heat to be used in greenhouses in the nearby area). The gas potential is calculated form Danish standard figures of potential gas yield from different biomasses as achieved in lab tests and on commercial operating plants.5 134. 9.803 9.000 31 137 200 25. 35.625 8.Biogas Show Cases co-digestion plant utilising besides the manure residuals from nearby industries (dairies and slaughterhouses) and energy crops in a mixture too.098 8. installed capacity 4. This is estimated to approx.424 kWh/y 36.832 14. 36.387.858. The plant uses some electricity for operation (separation equipment.).841 Other feedstock like wastes form slaughterhouse and energy crops were added in small proportion in order to increase the biogas yield.0 GWh for sale to the grid.424 41. mixers.037 885.307 22 40 1.743.869. 5% of the total electricity production).880 3.752 kWh/y kWh/y kWh/y kWh/y kWh/y at and at at equal to equal to 9.4 MWe). The biogas generated by fermentation shall be utilised in a combined heat and power station and the generated power shall be supplied into the public network.000 6 35.920 2.080 27.7 GWh per year can be expected. 12 .216 939.056 kW 4.000 161 530 319.853.448 7.2% 38 3.411 kW electric 36.566 18 40 25.7 12 8 9 VS/TS 80 90 95 80 90 72 95 95 t VS 6.236 10.9% efficiency 5% of the time out 43. In this case it is assumed that the biogas is utilised in a gas engine for the production of electricity for sale to the grid and for production of heat. The following energy production can be expected: Energy production Gas produktion used on site equal to Minmum engine capacity Utilisation Electricity production engine Total electricity production Heat production Used in the process For other use Utilised 96. 1.

581 233 44 216 62 t/y t TS/y t Tot. During service the gas is burned in a boiler for producing heat for the plant and possible surplus gas is flared off. blood) • Energy crops The division is based on the demand for sanitation in relation to EU Regulation 1774/2002 and on the demand for optimising feed of biomasses in relation to how they digest. The process heat demands approx.028 5% 1.047 t TS 933 t Tot.337 t/y 7% TS Waste no santitation 159. 6.000 t/y 9% TS Cat.166 883 260 943 50 14. On this area the total nutrient demand can be covered by using the separated digestate.833 t biomass/y 13.841 MWh/y 4. 3 waste have to be sanitised at 70oC for on hour before treatment in 13 .841 m3 CH4 96.712 MWh/y 4.404 MWh/y 160 kW (average) Reception system Manure+stomach waste 124. 3 waste in relation to EU Regulation 1774/2002 (fat. 5% of the time of the year (equal to approx. After digestion the liquid is spread in relation to the nitrate directive now requiring approx the area of 5. Biogas Digestate Utilisation The raw manure supplied into the plant requires approx.776 kW (average) Process heat 14.804 t biomass/y TS in digester t N/y t NH4-n/y t P/y t K/y Dec C MWh heat Total gas production 9. It is obvious to utilise part of the nutrients for fertilising the crops supplied.833 t/y 13.712.892 t/y 7.628 t TS/y 1. the energy and the nutrients in the biomass.037 MWh/y 3. In relation to EU Regulation all Cat. 18 days).309 MWh/y 4.690 kW (average) Heat for consumption 27. Flow chart The mass balance of the biogas plant «Agrinio» has been calculated including the biomass. N/y t NH4-N/y t P/y tK The input biomasses are divided in four types each supplied to an individual reception tank. It is assumed that the digestate is separated in a liquid fraction and a solid fraction to achieve a higher utilisation of the nutrients. N/y 840 t NH4-N/y 44 t P/y 880 t K Liquid fertiliser/local use 281.Biogas Show Cases It is expected that the engines are out for service in approx. 36% of the heat production from the engines.031 kW (average) m3 CH4 Heat production 41. • Manure and stomach content • Waste with no demand for sanitation (Whey and oil mill waste) • Cat.804 MWh/y 1.628 t TS/y Liquid fertiliser 281.941 6.424 Electricity for sale 35. 3 waste 691 t/y 9% TS Energy crops 35.854 MWh Electricity production 36. 1.047 t TS 933 t Tot. N/y 883 t NH4-N/y 260 t P/y 943 t K Digestate/Local utilisation t/y TS t Tot.000 t/y 31% TS Digesters 319.191 kW (average) CHP 36.892 t/y 7.500 ha which means a saving of approx. The solid fertiliser (the fibre fraction) is sold as solid fertiliser.166 t Tot. N/y 840 t NH4-N/y 44 t P/y 880 t K Fibre 19. This will reduce pressure on land in the area and reduce costs for transport and spreading.900 ha in relation to the nitrate directive.743. Project Greece 2 Incl katsigaros/reduction of energy crops Process electricity 1.300 ha spreading area. N/y t NH4-N/y t P/y tK Decanter separator 301.086 kW (average) Sanitation unit Secondary digesters Digested biomass 301.

Technology Specifications The biomass is mainly manure and based on the composition and the nitrogen content of the biomass (estimated to approx. Silage is produced on the farms and partly stored on the farms and on the biogas plant.2. It is assumed that the industries supplied the waste products to the plant themselves or by contractors. The fibre fraction can be composted and will then be reduced in volume because of evaporation of part of the water. The manure and stomach content is in relation to EU Regulation 1774/2002 Cat.Biogas Show Cases the biogas plant. It is assumed that the plant is provided with the following reception tanks: Reception tank for manure: Approx. It is assumed that all gas passes these tanks and that a biological gas purification (removal of H2S) is made under the membrane. 2 waste with no demand for sanitation and the other waste types are not regulated in relation to this EU Regulation.000 m3 gas storage capacities in each tank). Overall plant set up The manure is picked up from the farms and transported to the biogas plant.000 m3 covered concrete tank pronot required (whey and katsigaros): vided with mixers. It is recommended that the retention time is a little longer than in the primary digesters. The silage supplied into the plant and stored on a plate. 12. From here it is loaded by a front loader into a feeding device (quick mixer). 1. 3 waste: Approx.500 m3 buffer tank for this is included on the site. The secondary digesters can be made as non insulated concrete manure tanks provided with a double membrane. It is recommended to make the tanks as high silo tanks (a little higher than the diameter) to easy mixing and to save space and that they are provided with top mounted mixers. 14 days in the primary digesters the volume of the primary digesters will be approx. The final set up of silage storage facilities can be made in parallel with the project negotiations’ on the conditions for supply of silage (see estimation below). An approx. This fraction is a perfect fertiliser for wine growing and for fruit plantations. It is assumed that the digested liquid fertiliser is supplied to farms where it can be utilised. 100 m3 covered concrete tank provided with mixers Reception tank for waste where sanitation is Approx 1.000 m3. maize and grass. 2.000 m3. Besides serving as a secondary digester the volume under the membrane serves as gas storage (approx. It is assumed that this is made in three times 4. If all silage must be stored at site this requires a plate of approx.7 kg total nitrogen per t of biomass) the biomass is regarded as suitable for thermophilic digestion at 50-52oC and a retention time in the primary digester of approx. The liquid is a relative nitrogen rich fertiliser and has the right composition of the nutrients for normal agricultural crops as serials. 7-9 ha. By dividing the biomasses in different tanks it is possible to optimise the feeding of the digesters as well as it takes away dependency of regularity in the supply. 3. If this can not be fitted into the site decentralised storage at the farms are required. By an estimated retention time of approx.000 m3 covered concrete tank provided with mixers Reception tank for Cat. 14 . 3. 1. 14-16 days.

Buildings Electric system/SCADA Other coasts.436 54. The calculation model as well as the guidelines for its utilisation are also available for free download at http://www. 3 ha) plus possible area for the silage storage (depending on the logistic in relation to supply of silage). 150*200 m (approx. Based on the above mentioned facilities and plant design the investments costs for such a plant are as follows: Investment Cost: Project No 2 “Agrinio” Logistic (trucks.600 159.000 4.000 180. unforeseeable etc.000 2.831. technical outline etc.198 15 .big-east.820 530.44 1.Biogas Show Cases The plant as proposed will require a site of approx.eu). commissioning etc Equipments (eg. 2.248 0 398.000 Profit and Loss For the needs of the assessment and calculation of the economic forecast. The main results obtained for the specific show case “Schimatari” is summarized in the Table below for two basic scenarios: Profit and Loss: Show Case No2 «Agrinio» Euro* Economic Yield from Plant Operation Yield from electricity sale Yield from heat sale Yield from Compost sale Plant working costs General Busines Cost Biomass purchase Purchase of electric energy Discharge of sludge Earnings before Interest Internal Return Rate (IRR) Capital Cost Total Earnings Scenario 1 2.000 850. pretreatment.3. digester. Project financing is therefore a key element for the success implementation of a biogas plant. post treatment and storage) CHP engine etc.000.770.578. It is well known that a biogas project demands high investment.260. plant size.761 Scenario 2 2.472 953. dimensioning.133.000 0 1.472 953.831.000 0 11.54 1. Liquid assets Total Financial Demand Euro 1.133. tanks) Engineering.890. allowing the preliminary estimation of costs.000 500. Economical specifications Investment This section will focus on the development of a financial structure for a co-digestion plant using the input data as specified in the previous chapters and based on the plant design (inputs and outputs) and technological solution which are described above.000 1.000 0 1.436 445.197 7.600 159.450.634 13. the BIG>EAST calculation model was used.248 0 0 530.188.

storage facilities in the biogas plant or partially storage to the farms). 3. Feedstock providers As it is already noticed above: • The manure is picked up from the farms and transported to the biogas plant in a tanker. To control construction a local site manager is recommended as well as to engage the future operation manager at least 3 month before technical completion of the plant.3. At least the following assumptions have to be “changed” into agreements/LoI or possible standard conditions: Biomass: • Supply of manure (including possible treatment fees and on amount to be returned and to be disposed to other farmers) • Cost. • The transport can be made in own tankers or the service can be purchased from an external contractor.2. Construction It is assumed that the plant is constructed by local contractors in relation to an engineering project/specification and a split tender in more packages. The engineering can be based on commercial plants in Europe. Based on these confirmations the project economy can be reviewed. 3. food waste etc.Biogas Show Cases 3. advantages for local economy and easier later service and possible rebuilding. 60-80 m3. • The logistics of silage (in Show Case No2) depends on the agreement between the plants owner and the farmers (eg. • It is assumed that the industries supplied the waste products to the plant themselves or by contractors. In this study it is anticipated that each farm is equipped with a pre-tank containing approx. The owner of the plant can be either a private investor or consortium or even a Public Private Partnership (PPPs). The important issue in setting up the organisation is that the ones that have an influence on normal operation also take the risk and gain the advantages. The ownership has to be clarified and the structure of agreements between the plant owner and the ones dealing with the plant has to be structured. Risk Management The project will be positive for the local agriculture and the local environment as well as the overall environment. • Supply of industrial residuals. The advantages of taking in local contractors are possible low prices. It is important that the farms have best possible pick up facilities so that the connection and pumping time is minimised. Till now in Greece it seems that private investment with funds is a more flexible solution. including possible gate fees 16 . Organizational structure and Risk Management The basic organizational structure and risk management are common for both the Shoe cases. The project can also be a positive as a show case for development of commercial biogas plants in Greece.1. This requires that assumptions used in this show case have to be confirmed by contracts or Letters of Intent (LoI). To enable implementation of the plant it has to be made bankable. 3. supply and storage of the silage in Show Case No2 (including possible use of residues instead of energy crops).

In general all agreements and Letters of Intent will be made as depended agreements/LoI where they will be in operation when (if) the project is implemented.Biogas Show Cases • • Area for spreading of the nutrients and liquid fertilizer storage facilities. It is recommended that the principle agreement of finance and the overall organisation is made as the first step because it will give the best possible situation for the biogas company negotiating agreements on in particular supplies of waste. Energy: • Sales of electricity • Connection charges • Possible sales/utilisation of heat (industrial purpose. 17 . possible own finance and guarantees etc. Possible sales of fertilizer (fibre). fibre drying.) Economy • Finance – in particular possible grants Location • Possible site – planning issues and price • Demand for planning approvals Organisation • Agreements from participant partners • Possible organisation/ownership of the project • Complex of agreements (principles) for operation the plant Beside these the investor or the consortium has to agree on form of organisation. When the finance and the overall organisation is agreed the overall clarifications can be made stepwise as well as a stepwise detailing of the project so that the biogas organisation can assess impacts of the agreements made and decision taken during the detailing and clarification in a detailed feasibility study/action plan. cooling etc. As it can be seen the project can be feasible under the right conditions in relation to biomass input and finance (mostly if can be combined with compost sale and treatment fees).

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