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TURRET MOORING SYSTEM

Piece of Cake

Tasolt WEBINAR, 12 MARET 2017


Tubagus Ary T Dirgantara (TMS Specialist) Berbagi & Menginspirasi
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Profile
 2000 ITB – Teknik Sipil
 2004 PTSM : Pipeline Engineer & Offshore Structure Engineer
 2007 Tebodin ME : Offshore Structure Engineer
 2008 Aibel SGP : Offshore Structure Engineer
 2009 Erasmus – CoMem
 2011 Aibel NO : Package Engineer
 2013 Inpex : TMS Engineer
 2017 Pertamina : Engineering Advisor

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Agenda – TMS on FLNG
 Sesi1  Sesi2
 Vessel Particular  Turret Design
 Environment  Fluid Transfer
 Mooring System

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References
 http://www.wmooring.com/files/Guide_to_Single_Point_Moo
rings.pdf (Guide_to_Single_Point_Moorings)
 https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/mechanical-engineering/2-019-
design-of-ocean-systems-spring-2011/lecture-notes/
 http://theopenacademy.com/content/mechanical-
engineering
 http://www.offshore-mag.com/content/dam/offshore/print-
articles/Volume%2073/10/MOORING-092713-D9.pdf
(MOORING-OM.pdf)

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ENVIRONMENT : VESSEL
• Water Depth PARTICULAR :
• Wind • Storage
• Waves • Topside Layout
TURRET MOORING
• Current • Vessel Motion
SYSTEM
• Ice • Vessel Surface
(TMS)

TURRET FLUID MOORING


DESIGN : TRANSFER : SYSTEM :
• Configuration • Swivels • Mooring Lines
• Size • Turret manifold • Anchor
• Location • Risers • Thruster Assist
• Loads • Pigging • Risers

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Vessel Particular - Storage

http://www.atmosferis.com/wp-
content/uploads/2011/12/flng-prelude.jpg
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• To contain LNG cargo at cryogenic temperatures
Vessel Particular - Storage
(-160 degree C).
• To insulate the cargo from the hull structure
• Invar, also known generically as FeNi36, is a nickel–iron
alloy notable for its uniquely low coefficient of thermal
expansion

http://www.liquefiedgascarrier.com/LNG-vessel-construction.html
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Vessel Particular - Topside

https://www.researchgate.net/figur
e/283308134_fig4_Figure-4-Asgard-
A-internal-turret-moored-FPSO-
Odland-2012

http://www.shell.com/global/about
shell/major-projects-2/prelude-flng

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Vessel Particular - Motion

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Swivel
Wind
Environment

FLNG
(Fore) Wave MSL
Turret

Current
Mooring

Risers

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Mooring System - Type
Spread Single Point Mooring
Spread Mooring
Mooring (Turret)
Mooring Spread in At one point (turret)
Arrangement all direction
Weathervane Impossible Possible

Environment Benign Calm to Harsh


Condition

Internal Turret Mooring External Turret Mooring


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Mooring System - Type
Offloading Type Spread Mooring Single Point Mooring
(Turret)
LNG Offloading Difficult Possible
Side-by-side
Condensate Offloading Possible Possible
Tandem

Tandem Configuration Side by Side Configuration


Loading
Oil Carrier FLNG Arms
Tug Boat
Floating Hose LNG Carrier
Tug Boat
Tug Boat

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Mooring System - MAP 173 vessels of FPSO of March 2011
Typhoon
Severe

Benign

Cyclone

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Taut Mooring Mooring with Clump weight
Mooring System - Line

Catenary Mooring Mooring with Spring buoy


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Mooring System - Line

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Anchor selections are based on :
Mooring System - Anchor

• Soil Condition
• Reliability
• Installation
• Proof Loading
• Cost

Anchor Type :
• Drag Embedment
• Driven Piles
• Suction Piles
• Gravity Anchors
Drag Embedment Driven Pile
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Mooring System – Suction Pile

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The mooring layout should be designed to distribute the loads in
the individual lines as EQUAL as possible and to give REDUDANCY
Mooring System – Mooring
Layout
to the overall system
1. Prevailing directions of Wind,
Wave & Current
2. Strength of each Mooring
line
3. Seabed Topography and Soil
Friction
4. Subsea & Water-column
architecture
5. Drilling vessel moored in the
vicinity & other storage
vessel
6. Future Operational activities
in the field

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Turret - Quiz IT - near to Mid Ship Responding in identical sea states.

Which has the largest


Horizontal displacement &
IT - near to Fore Mooring load ?

Hint : Weathervane capability


External Turret

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Turrets positioned at 12% &
36.5% of the hull length from
Turret - Quiz
the vessel Amidship.

Responding in identical sea


states:
Hs = 8.7 m & Tp = 11.8 s
Wind of 60 kt simulated at
60o to the wave direction.

The results show large


increases in stern transverse
(Y) motions when the turret
is closer to amidships

[Brown, et al 1998] b
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BREAK TIME

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Internal Turret POVO Vietnam Animation

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Internal External
Turret - Type Turret Turret

Environment
v
Condition

Riser Nos v

Weight v Internal Turret Mooring


Cost v External Turret Mooring

Schedule v

Gas Leak/
v
Explosion

Collision Risk v

Weathervane
v
Capability
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Turret – Internal Turret Geostationary
Rotating
Gantry
Turntable Swivel stack

Manifold
Bearing system Cylinder

Chaintable
Mooring Lines

Risers & Umbilicals


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Turret - Parts

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Turret - Chainconnector

http://www.offshore-mag.com/articles/print/volume-71/issue-1/drilling-
__completion/the-skarv-fpso-turret-mooring-system-a-5000-ton-challenge.html
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Turret - Chaintable

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Turret – Bearing Boogies

Courtesy of SBM

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Turret – Wheel

ROLLER DETAILS
REPLACEMENT DETAILS

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Turret – Bearing Roller

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Fluid Transfer Courtesy of SBM

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Fluid Transfer

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Fluid Transfer

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Fluid Transfer

e
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SEPOTONG KUE

Prelude Ichtys SBM

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