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PRACTICE ASSESSMENT TASK 2 253

Practice Assessment Task


SET 2
1. The population of a city over t years is 11. Find the volume, to 1 decimal place, of
given by the formula P = 100 000e0.71t. the solid formed by rotating y = ex about
After how many years, to 1 decimal the x-axis from x = 1 to x = 3.
place, will the population become
12. Find the derivative of loge (4x + 3) 3.
1 million?
2x + 1
2. Evaluate #1
3 dx 13. Find # dx.
x correct to 3 decimal places. 3x 2 + 3x − 2
14. The volume in litres of a rectangular
3. The acceleration of a particle is given by
container that is leaking over time t
a = 6t ms− 2 and the particle is initially at
minutes is given by V = − t2 + 4t + 100.
rest at the origin. Find where it will be
Find
after 3 seconds.
(a) the initial volume
1
4. Find log5 . (b) the volume after 10 minutes
25
(c) the rate of change in volume after
5. Write loge x as an equation with x in 10 minutes
terms of y. Hence find the value of x, to (d) how long it will take, to 1 decimal
3 significant figures, when y = 1.23. place, until the container is empty.
6. Differentiate x3 + e2x . 15. Find # (6x2 − 2x + 4x− 1) dx.
1 3
7. Solve logx = 4. 16. Find the exact value of #1
7
dx.
16 x+5
8. If 100 g of a substance decays to 80 g 17. The velocity v cms-1 of a particle over
after 3 years, find, to 1 decimal place, 2
time t is given by v = . If the particle
(a) its mass after 10 years t+1
(b) the rate of decay after 10 years is initially 3 cm from the origin, find
(c) when it will decay to 50 g. (a) its displacement after 10 s,
to 2 significant figures
9. A particle has displacement x in (b) its acceleration after 5 s,
centimetres over time t in seconds to 1 significant figure.
according to the formula x = 2 sin 3t.
π
(a) Find its velocity after s.
18. Find # (e4x + 1) dx.
2
(b) Show that the acceleration is given x
19. Differentiate .
by px = − 9x. e2x
20. The rate at which an epidemic of
10. Water is flowing out of a pool at the rate
measles in a certain city is spreading is
given by R = 20t litres per minute. If the
proportional to the number of people
volume of water in the pool is initially
dP
8000 L, find with measles. That is, = kP. If 40
dt
(a) the volume after 5 minutes people initially have measles and after
(b) how long it will take to empty the 10 days, 110 have measles, find
pool.
254 Maths In Focus Mathematics HSC Course

(a) the value of k to 3 significant figures 29. The length of an arc in a circle of radius
(b) how many people will have measles 2 cm is 1.6 cm. Find the area, correct to
after 6 weeks 2 decimal places, of the
(c) after how long, to the nearest day, (a) sector
300 people will have measles (b) minor segment cut off by this arc.
(d) the rate at which the disease will be
30. A certain chemical treatment of blue-
spreading after
green algae in a river causes it to decrease
(i) 10 days
at a rate proportional to the amount of
(ii) 6 weeks.
blue-green algae in the river. If 250 kg of
21. (a) Find the value of log3 7 by changing blue-green algae reduces to 150 kg after
the base to e. 3 months, find how long it will take, to
(b) Differentiate log3 x by changing the the nearest month, to reduce the blue-
base to e. green algae to 20 kg.

22. Find the exact volume of the solid of 31. An angle of 30° is subtended at the
revolution formed when the curve y = ex centre of a circle with radius 5 cm. Find
is rotated about the x-axis from x = 1 to the exact
x = 3. (a) arc length
(b) area of the sector.
23. A particle is moving such that its
x
displacement after t seconds is given by 32. Sketch y = 2 cos for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .
2
x = 3 sin 2t metres. π

(a) Find the initial velocity and 33. Find # 0


2
sin (2x) dx.
acceleration.
34. Differentiate loge (sin x).
(b) Find the maximum displacement.
(c) Find the times when the particle will 35. Find the derivative of tan (e5x + 1).
be at rest. π
(d) Prove that the acceleration is given 36. Evaluate # 3
sec 2 x dx, giving the exact
by a = − 4x. 0
value.
24. Find the area enclosed between the curve 37. (a) Sketch y = sin 2x for 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .
y = loge x, the y-axis and the lines y = 1 (b) Find the area bounded by the curve
and y = 2, correct to 3 significant figures. y = sin 2x, the x-axis and the lines x = 0
and x = π.
25. The acceleration of a particle is given by π
6t − 12 ms− 2 . If the particle is initially at 38. Evaluate #0
4
tan x dx correct to 3 decimal
rest 2 m to the left of the origin, find its
places by using Simpson’s rule with three
displacement after 5 seconds.
ordinates.
26. Solve 72x = 3.
39. Differentiate
27. Find the equation of the tangent to (a) ex sin x
y = ex + 1 at the point where x = − 1. (b) tan3 x
π
(c) 2 cos b 3x − l
2
28. Find the stationary point on the curve
y = xe2x and determine its nature.
PRACTICE ASSESSMENT TASK 2 255

40. A particle moves so that its displacement 51. Differentiate tan (loge x + 1).
after time t seconds is given by x = 5e2t m. − 2x + 5
2

(a) Find its velocity after 2 s, to 52. Find # 3x dx.


x2
3 significant figures. 53. Find the volume of the solid formed,
(b) Show that its acceleration is given by correct to 2 decimal places, when the
a = 4x. curve y = loge x is rotated about the
(c) Find the initial acceleration. x-axis from x = 1 to x = 4, by using the
dx
#0
5
41. Evaluate , giving the exact value. trapezoidal rule with 3 subintervals.
x+3
42. A gardener wishes to make a rectangular 54. Find # (e5x − sin π x) dx.
garden bed using a wall as one of the 55. Solve graphically sin x = x − 1 for
sides. She has 24 m of edging strip to place 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π .
around the garden. What dimensions will
give the maximum garden area? 56. Find the exact area enclosed between the
curve y = ex, the x-axis, the y-axis and the
43. Find the volume of the solid formed line x = 2.
when the curve y = cos x is rotated π
π 57. Evaluate #π cos b
x
+ π l dx.
about the x-axis from x = 0 to x = .
3 3
2
44. Sketch the curve y = 3x4 − 4x3 − 12x2 + 1,
showing any stationary points. 58. y
5
45. Find the equation of the tangent to the 4
π
curve y = tan 3x at the point where x = . 3
4
2
46. Find the exact area enclosed between the 1
1
curve y = sin x and the line y = for the π π
x
2 -1
3π 2π
domain 0 ≤ x ≤ 2π . 2 2
-2
47. Differentiate sin (e ) .
3 x
The graph has the equation
48. Find the exact area bounded by the curve (a) y = 4 – 2 cos x
y = loge (x + 4), the y-axis and the lines (b) y = 4 + 2 cos x
y = 0 and y = 1. (c) y = 2 – 2 cos x
(d) y = 2 – 4 cos x.
49. Find the exact value of
7π 59. A radioactive substance decays by 60%
(a) cos
4 after 200 years. This information can be
π shown by the equation of its mass
(b) sin b 2π − l.
3
(a) 0.6M = Me200k
50. The length of an arc in a circle of radius (b) 0.6M = Me −200k
6 cm is 7π cm. Find the area of the (c) 0.4M = Me200k
(a) sector (d) 0.4M = Me− 200k
(b) minor segment cut off by this arc.
256 Maths In Focus Mathematics HSC Course

π 3x
60. The value of sin b − l is
3
62. Evaluate # dx
3 2x 2 − 5
(a) − (a) 3 ln (2x2 − 5) + C
2
3 3 ln (2x2 − 5)
(b) (b) +C
2 4
1 ln (2x2 − 5)
(c) − (c) +C
2 12
1 4 ln (2x − 5)
2
(d) . (d) +C
2 3
61. A particle has a displacement of
63. The rate at which a waterfall is flowing
x = 4 cos 7t. Its acceleration can be
over a cliff is R = 4t + 3t2 m3 s− 1. Find the
written as
amount of water flowing after a minute
(a) px = 49x
if the amount of water is 10 970 m3 after
(b) px = − 196x
20 seconds.
(c) px = 196x
(a) 223 220 m3
(d) px = − 49x.
(b) 8800 m3
(c) 225 370 m3
(d) 226 250 m3