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safety for electronic systems

IEC 61000-4-2 ESD TESTING


Presented by

Heinrich A. Kunz
Chairman IEC TC77 EMC
SCHAFFNER EMV AG
Switzerland

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safety for electronic systems

Phenomena

Electrostatic Voltages
U [kV]
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
synthetic
9
8
7
6 wool
5
4
3 antistatic
2
1

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Relative Humidity [%]


15% 35%
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Human body Discharge

Discharge via a metallic tool


(pen, screw driver)

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Furniture Discharge

Discharge between two objects

§ Rise time 5 - 10ns


§ Undamped Oscillations
2ns 5ns
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EMC Model

EMI Source
§ Human body discharge direct or via metallic tool
§ Furniture discharge (object to object)
Coupling
§ Galvanic via sparking
§ Inductive via earth cables (di / dt)
§ Capacitive via discharges to isolated metal plates (du / dt)
§ Radiated magnetic field according to large di / dt

Coupling
EMI
EMI--Source
Source EMI
EMI--Receptor
Receptor

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ESD test according to IEC 61000-4-2

NSG 438
§ Air and contact discharge 0.2 to
30 kV
§ Portable and handy
§ Touch panel display control
§ Battery and mains- power
operation
§ Compliant with known standards
(IEC; ANSI; SAE; ISO; Mil; etc)
§ automatic polarity change
§ easily interchange of networks
and tips
§ Multilingual user interface
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Contact discharge specification

100%

90%

I at 30ns

I at 60 ns

30ns
60ns

t1 = 0.7 until 1ns

Level Indicated First peak current Rise time tr Current at 30 ns Current at 60 ns


Voltage of discharge
[kV] [A] [A] [A]

1 2 7.5 0.7 to 1 ns 4 2
2 4 15 0.7 to 1 ns 8 4
3 6 22.5 0.7 to 1 ns 12 6
4 8 30 0.7 to 1 ns 16 8

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Calibration

Verification of the ESD pulse

Faraday cage
Faraday cage

ESD gun current


injection

coaxial target

short
earth cable

discharge cable as
long as possible
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EMD Test Levels

§ Start at the lowest level


§ 1 discharge / sec
§ at least 10 discharges at each level / polarity

Level Air discharge Contact discharge

1 2 kV 2 kV
2 4 kV 4 kV
3 8 kV 6 kV
4 15 kV 8 kV

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Points for testing in accordance with IEC 61000-4-2

Indirect Discharge
§ VCP on all sides of the EUT
§ HCP 10 cm distance from the EUT

Direct Discharge
§ all accessible points (during operation and maintenance)
§ housing, displays, switches, plugs, etc.
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ESD test set up for indirect discharge into the HCP

horizontal coupling plane


PCH

EUT
PE

ESD

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ESD test set up for indirect discharge into the VCP

horizontal coupling
PCH
plane
EUT
PE

ESD
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ESD test in situ

EUT

PE
ESD

ground plane m
0,3
2m

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ESD test set up for direct discharge

PCH

EUT
PE

ESD
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ESD test set up for floor standing equipment

EUT

PE

ESD

ground
plane