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pH Meter with Temperature Monitoring Transmitter

Conductivity Meter with Transmitter

ORP Meter with Transmitter

DO Meter with Transmitter

pH Meter with Temperature Monitoring Transmitter

Flow Control Valve

Flow Indicating Transmitter

Pressure Gauge

Diaphragm Seal Type

Pressure Gauge

Pressure Gauge

Pressure Gauge

Pressure Indicating Transmitter




Flow Indicating Transmitter

Pressure Gauge

Pressure Gauge

Pressure Indicating Transmitter

Flow Indicating Transmitter

Pressure Gauge

Pressure Gauge

Pressure Indicating Transmitter

Flow Indicating Transmitter

Pressure Gauge



Pressure Gauge



Pressure Gauge



Temperature Element With Thermowell

Temperature Indicating Transmitter


Pressure Indicating Transmitter


Pressure Gauge

Pressure Gauge

Level Switch
Level Gauge
Pressure Gauge

Solenoid Valve

All process connection , piping etc shall be conform to ANSI/ISA SP

77.70- 1994 (R 2005) “ Fossil Fuel Power Plant
Instrument Piping Installation” , ANSI B 31.1 Power Piping
,ANSI/ASME B 1.20.01 ,ANSI/ASME B 16.5 ,PTC 19.11.1997,PTC
23.2003 & IBR .

11.02.01 Impulse Piping/ Tubing System

Instrument impulse piping, tubing fittings and

accessories for the connection of instruments and

control equipment to the process and to make the system

complete shall be furnished. All materials furnished

shall meet the requirements of ASTM and ANSI standards

for the equivalent of these standards. The impulse

piping, tubing, fittings and accessories shall have the

same design pressure and material applicable for

the particular main process piping.

11.02.02 For instruments/ devices mounted inside enclosures racks

also the impulse pipes of the same material as main

process pipe shall be employed except that tubes (as per

ASTM A 213)shall be employed for connections from tee

(inside the transmitter enclosures/racks)to value

manifolds and instruments. The impulse tube material

for high pressure application shall be 316 H stainless

steel and low pressure application 316 L stainless steel.

11.02.03 All impulse pipe shall be of seamless type and shall

conform to ANSI B 31.1 for schedule Nos .sizes and

dimensions etc.

11.02.04 The valve manifolds shall be of stainless steel 316

with pressure rating suitable for intended
application.2valve manifold and 3 valve manifold shall be used
for pressure measurements using pressure transmitters/pressure
switches and Diff. Pressure transmitters/switches respectively. 5
valve manifold shall be used for remaining applications like DP,
flow and level measurements.
11.02.05 Condensate pots, also referred to as reservoirs, shall be designed
in accordance with ANSI B 31.1.
11.02.06 Fittings and fitting components shall contain no metallic mercury
or mercury compounds and shall be free mercury contamination,
except as alloying elements of the required base or bonding
corrosion resistant plating.
Fittings and fitting components shall not contain low melting-
point metals (such as lead, antimony, arsenic, bismuth, cadmium,
magnesium, tin or zinc)in concentrations greater than 250 ppm,
except as alloying elements of the required base materials.
Asbestos shall not used .

11.02.07 All fittings shall be forged steel and shall conform to ANSI B
16.11.The material of forged tube fittings for shaped application
(e.g. Tee, elbow etc.)shall be ASTMA 182 Gr.316 H for high pressure/
Temp. applications and ASTMA 182 Gr.316 L for other
applications. The material for bar stock tube fitting (for
straight application) shall be 316 SS. Metal thickness in the
fittings shall be adequate to provide actual bursting strength
equal to or greater than those of the impulse pipe or SS tube, with
which they are to be used.
11.02.08 The source shut-off(Primary process root valve) and blow down valve
shall be of half inch size globe valve type for all applications
except for air & flue gas service wherein no source shut-off valves
are to be provided. The disc and seat ring materials of carbon
steel and alloy steel valves be ASTM A-105 and ASTM A-182, Gr.F22,
hard faced with stellite (Min. hardness 350 BHN). The surface finish
of 16 RMS or greater is required in the area of stem packing. The
valve design shall be such that the seats can be reconditioned and
stem and disc may be replaced without removing the valve body from
the line.
11.02.09 Blow down valve shall be gradual open type.
11.03.00 Air Supply Piping

(a)The bidder shall include in his scope, all pneumatic

piping, fittings, valves air filters, regulators and

other accessories required for instrument air for the

various pneumatic devices/ instruments from the Owner’s

instrument air terminal point to the bidder’s pneumatic

devices/ instrument. The instrument air scheme shall be

subject to owner’s approval. The pneumatic piping shall

be of heavy duty GI( as per IS 1239). The quality and

itemized consumption of instrument air required

shall be indicated by the bidder.

(b) Copper tubing of 1/4″size , thickness of cu tubing shall not be

less than 0.065 inch & light drawn temper tubing
conforming to ASTM B-75. Copper tubing shall be PVC
coated and tube fittings shall be of flare less brass.

11.04.00 Installation and Routing of Instrument Piping and Tubing

The primary impulse piping system shall include the

instrument piping and all required accessories from

process tap off up to the respective instruments. The

Contractor shall provide the necessary fittings and

accessories along with impulse pipes for completeness.

Special accessories such as condensing pots, reservoirs

and other devices etc. shall be provided and installed

wherever required by the design of the instruments in

accordance with the instructions of the instrument

manufacturer. In any case Bidder shall provide and

install condensing pots for all level measurements of

steam and water services. All flow measurements in

steam services and water services above 120 Deg.C.

Impulse piping shall include a blow down line and shut

off valve adequate for the duty requirements and for

withstanding continuous design pressure and temp.of

process medium. For process pressure equal or above 40

Kg/Sq.Cm.g or temp. above 300 Deg.C double valves shall

be used before connecting to the blow down header. The

blow down header shall have to be connected to the

nearest plant drain by the bidder and pipes of ASTM-A-

105 Gr. B to be provided by bidder on as required basis
for this purpose.
11.05.00 All impulse piping shall be supported rigidly at an

interval not exceeding 1.5 meters so as to prevent

excessive sag in piping. Process piping shall not be

used for supporting impulse piping.

Impulse piping shall be installed to permit thermal

expansion without placing excessive stress on the piping

and without affecting the gradient of slope. Long

continuous straight runs of piping shall always to

avoided. If required, expansion loops shall be provided

atleast every 2.5 meters to break the continuity.

Cold bending of impulse pipes shall be performed with

the use of a proper pipe bender with radius of bend

greater than 5 times the outside dia of the pipe. Bends

shall be true to angle and radius and shall be true

circular cross section of the pipe without buckling. Any

pipes damaged during bending operation shall not be


11.06.00 All welded and acre wed fitting shall conform to ANSI-B-

16.11. Threads of piping components shall be taper pipe

thread in accordance with ANSI-B-2.1. All threads shall

be clean machine cut with all burrs and chips removed.

Lubricant shall be of dry file type.

11.07.00 Provision for continuous purging requirement is to be made for

all air & flue gas applications.
11.08.00 Testing at site

a) Hydrostatic and pneumatic tests shall be performed on

all pipes, tubes, systems and shall confirm to ANSI-B 31.1 and
ANSI/ISA SP 77.70- 1994 (R 2005).
All instrument piping/ tubing shall be hydrostatically
tested upon completion of erection. The test pressure
shall be 1.5 times the maximum process pressure.
b) Air header & branch pipes shall be air tested by pressure
Decay method as per ANSI – B 31.1 after completion of
11.09.00 Material Certification

11.09.01 Material of Construction

All material used in construction of piping and components

shall be certified by the manufacturer with a certificate of
compliance to the ASTM/ASME specifications. The manufacturer
shall submit quality assurance program for material control and

11.09.02 Certificates of Compliance

All certificates of compliance applicable to material used in a
component should be furnished by the manufacturer with the material
at the time of shipment