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Ezy Math Tutoring - Year 12

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Copyright © 2012 by Ezy Math Tutoring Pty Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this book shall be

reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any means, electronic, mechanical,

photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher. Although

every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publishers and authors assume

no responsibility for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from

the use of the information contained herein.

Learning Strategies

Mathematics is often the most challenging subject for students. Much of the trouble comes from the

fact that mathematics is about logical thinking, not memorizing rules or remembering formulas. It

requires a different style of thinking than other subjects. The students who seem to be “naturally”

good at math just happen to adopt the correct strategies of thinking that math requires – often they

don’t even realise it. We have isolated several key learning strategies used by successful maths

students and have made icons to represent them. These icons are distributed throughout the book

in order to remind students to adopt these necessary learning strategies:

Talk Aloud Many students sit and try to do a problem in complete silence inside their heads.

They think that solutions just pop into the heads of ‘smart’ people. You absolutely must learn

to talk aloud and listen to yourself, literally to talk yourself through a problem. Successful

students do this without realising. It helps to structure your thoughts while helping your tutor

understand the way you think.

BackChecking This means that you will be doing every step of the question twice, as you work

your way through the question to ensure no silly mistakes. For example with this question:

3 × 2 − 5 × 7 you would do “3 times 2 is 5 ... let me check – no 3 × 2 is 6 ... minus 5 times 7

is minus 35 ... let me check ... minus 5 × 7 is minus 35. Initially, this may seem time-

consuming, but once it is automatic, a great deal of time and marks will be saved.

Avoid Cosmetic Surgery Do not write over old answers since this often results in repeated

mistakes or actually erasing the correct answer. When you make mistakes just put one line

through the mistake rather than scribbling it out. This helps reduce silly mistakes and makes

your work look cleaner and easier to backcheck.

Pen to Paper It is always wise to write things down as you work your way through a problem, in

order to keep track of good ideas and to see concepts on paper instead of in your head. This

makes it easier to work out the next step in the problem. Harder maths problems cannot be

solved in your head alone – put your ideas on paper as soon as you have them – always!

Transfer Skills This strategy is more advanced. It is the skill of making up a simpler question and

then transferring those ideas to a more complex question with which you are having difficulty.

For example if you can’t remember how to do long addition because you can’t recall exactly

ା ହ଼଼ଽ

ସହ଼

how to carry the one: then you may want to try adding numbers which you do know how

ାହ

to calculate that also involve carrying the one: ଽ

This skill is particularly useful when you can’t remember a basic arithmetic or algebraic rule,

most of the time you should be able to work it out by creating a simpler version of the

question.

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Format Skills These are the skills that keep a question together as an organized whole in terms

of your working out on paper. An example of this is using the “=” sign correctly to keep a

question lined up properly. In numerical calculations format skills help you to align the numbers

correctly.

This skill is important because the correct working out will help you avoid careless mistakes.

When your work is jumbled up all over the page it is hard for you to make sense of what

belongs with what. Your “silly” mistakes would increase. Format skills also make it a lot easier

for you to check over your work and to notice/correct any mistakes.

Every topic in math has a way of being written with correct formatting. You will be surprised

how much smoother mathematics will be once you learn this skill. Whenever you are unsure

you should always ask your tutor or teacher.

Its Ok To Be Wrong Mathematics is in many ways more of a skill than just knowledge. The main

skill is problem solving and the only way this can be learned is by thinking hard and making

mistakes on the way. As you gain confidence you will naturally worry less about making the

mistakes and more about learning from them. Risk trying to solve problems that you are unsure

of, this will improve your skill more than anything else. It’s ok to be wrong – it is NOT ok to not

try.

Avoid Rule Dependency Rules are secondary tools; common sense and logic are primary tools

for problem solving and mathematics in general. Ultimately you must understand Why rules

work the way they do. Without this you are likely to struggle with tricky problem solving and

worded questions. Always rely on your logic and common sense first and on rules second,

always ask Why?

Self Questioning This is what strong problem solvers do naturally when they

get stuck on a problem or don’t know what to do. Ask yourself these

questions. They will help to jolt your thinking process; consider just one

question at a time and Talk Aloud while putting Pen To Paper.

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Table of Contents

Exercise 1: Arithmetic Sequences 6

Exercise 2: Geometric Progressions 8

Exercise 3: Arithmetic Series 10

Exercise 4: Geometric Series 12

Exercise 5: Series Notation: Convergence & Divergence 14

Exercise 6: Sum to Infinity 18

Exercise 7:Arithmetic & Geometric Mean 21

Exercise 8:Applications of Series 24

Exercise 9:Financial Applications 27

CHAPTER 2: Chance 29

Exercise 1: Probability 30

Exercise 2: Compound Probability 33

Exercise 1: Critical Points of Functions 37

Exercise 2: Graphing Functions 40

Exercise 3: Word problems 42

Exercise 4: Tangents, Normals & primitive Functions 45

CHAPTER 4: Integration 48

Exercise 1: Approximations 49

Exercise 2: Calculations & Applications 51

Exercise 1: Rates of Change 60

Exercise 2: Exponential Growth & Decay 62

Exercise 3: Velocity & Acceleration 65

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CHAPTER 6: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions 68

Exercise 1: Review of Index Laws 69

Exercise 2: Logarithms & Exponents 72

Exercise 3: Differentiation & Integration 75

CHAPTER 7: Trigonometry 78

Exercise 1: Radian Measurement 79

Exercise 2: Graphing Trigonometric Functions 83

Exercise 3: Differentiation & Integration 86

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Year 12 Mathematics

Series & Sequences

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Exercise 1

Arithmetic Sequences

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Chapter 1: Series & Sequences Exercise 1: Arithmetic Sequences

following sequences 6) Find the first term of the

arithmetic sequence whose tenth

a) 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, ... term is 14 and whose twentieth

term is 62

b) 1, 4, 7, 10, ...

7) An arithmetic sequence has a third

c) 4, ____, 16, _____, 28 term of ݔ, and a fifteenth term of

3 ݔ− 2.

a) What are the values of a

and d?

e) 64, ____, _____, 28, ...

2) Calculate the value of a in the

the sequence when = ݔ4

following sequences

a) ____, 6, 10, 14, ...

sequence when = ݔ− 1

8) An arithmetic sequence has a

common difference of 4 and a

c) ____, ____, 22, ____, ____, twentieth term of 102. What is

43 the ninth term of this sequence?

sequences: A and B. A10 = B28 = 40,

e) ____, ____, ____, 7, ____, whilst the value of their first term

____, ____, 3 is the same. If the common

difference of sequence A is 3, list

3) Find the 5th term of the sequence the first 4 terms of each sequence

with first term 4 and a common

difference of 3 10) Arithmetic sequence A has a first

term of (-20) and a twentieth

4) th

Find the 25 term of the sequence term of 56. Arithmetic sequence

with first term 6 and a common B has a first term of 40 and a 5th

difference of 7 term of 24. Which term number

5) Find the common difference of the gives the same value for both

sequence with a first term of 5 and sequences, and what is this

a twentieth term of 195 value?

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Exercise 2

Geometric Progressions

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Chapter 1: Series & Sequences Exercise 2: Geometric Progressions

following sequences term of − 2 and a 10th term of

1024. What is the value of the

a) 2, 4, 8, 16, ... common ratio?

sequence is 96 and the 5th term is

c) 20, 10, 5, ... 1.5. What are the common ratio

and the first term?

8) A geometric sequence has a first

term of ݔand a eleventh term of

e) ___, 12, ___, 27, ...

59049ݔ. What is the common

ratio of the sequence?

f) ___, ___, 100, ___, 9, ...

2) Calculate the value of a in the sequence is 48, and the third term

following sequences is 108. What is the first term and

the sixth term?

a) ___, ___, 8, 16, 32

10) A geometric sequence has a first

b) ___, ___, 9, ____, 20.25, ... term of ( ݔ+ 3), and a third term

ଽ௫ାଶ

of . In terms of ݔ, what is

c) ____, ____, 25, ____, 6.25 ସ

the fifth term?

11) The fifth term of geometric

sequence A is 4, and its ninth term

3) Find the 5th term of the sequence ଵ

with a first term 2 and a common is . The second term of

ସ

ratio of 3 ଵ

geometric sequence B is , and its

ଵ

fifth term is (-4). Which term

4) Find the 20th term of the sequence number will give the same value

with first term 0.5 and common for each sequence, and what will

ratio 4 this value be?

of the sequence with an 8th term

of 874.8 and a common ratio of 3?

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Exercise 3

Arithmetic Series

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Chapter 1: Series & Sequences Exercise 3: Arithmetic Series

1) Find the sum of the first 20 terms 14250. What is the sum of the first

of the following arithmetic series 50 terms?

terms of an arithmetic series with

b) 10, 12, 14, 16, ... first term ݔ, and a common

difference of (2 ݔ− 1)?

8) The first term of an arithmetic

series is ݔଶ, and the sum of the

d) ___, ___, 12, ___, ___, 21,

first six terms is 2ݔଶ − 4 ݔ− 3. If

...

the sixth term is equal to zero,

what are the possible values of ?ݔ

e) ___, ___, ___, -12, -8, ...

2) What is the first term of an 1 + 5 + 9 + ⋯ + 49 + 53

arithmetic series with a common

difference of 8 and a sum to 30

10) If the sum of the first n terms of

terms of 4500?

an arithmetic series is 98, the

common difference is 4 and the

3) The 15th term of an arithmetic first term is 2, what is the value of

series is 92. If the first term is 64, n?

what is the sum of the first 25

terms?

series is (− 10), and the sum of the

first 10 terms is 35. What is the

common difference?

of an arithmetic series is 348, and

the sum of the first 30 terms of the

same series is 1950. Write the first

four terms of the series

arithmetic series is 36, and the

sum of the first 100 terms is

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Exercise 4

Geometric Series

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Chapter 1: Series & Sequences Exercise 4: Geometric Series

1) Calculate the sum of the first 8 terms of the following geometric series

a) 1, 2, 4, ...

b) 2, 3, 4.5, ...

2) The sum of the first 4 terms of a geometric series is 90 and the sum of the first two

terms is 18. Write the first 4 terms of the series

3) Calculate the sum of the first ten terms of the geometric series

4) The sixth term of a geometric series is 40, and ݎହ = 20, what is the value of the first

term?

5) The sum of the first 4 terms of a geometric series is 30, and = ݎ2. What is the value

of the first term of the series?

6) The sum of the first 4 terms of a geometric series is 540, and the first term is 20.

What is the value of r?

7) The sum of the first nine terms of a geometric series is 1, and the sum of the first ten

terms is 0. What is the value of the first term, and the value of r?

ହ ଵ

8) If the fourth term of a geometric series is

ସ

, and the common ratio is , what is the

ଶ

sum of the first six terms?

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Exercise 5

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 5: Series Notation

converges, state the limiting value

ଵ

a) ܽ =

b) ܽ = (− 1)

c) ܽ = ାଵ

d) ܽ = 2݊ + 3

2) Calculate the sum of the first ten terms of the geometric series

ଵ

ܽ

ୀଵ

for the given value of a, and determine if the series converges, diverges or neither

ଵ

a) ܽ = ଶ

b) ܽ = 2

c) ܽ = − 1

ଵ

d) ܽ = − ସ

e) ܽ = 1

3) From your answers to question 2, for what value(s) of r does a geometric series

converge?

a) 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + ⋯ . + 33

b) 2 + 4 + 8 + ⋯ + 256

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 5: Series Notation

ଵ ଵ ଵ ଵ

c) ଷ

+

ହ

+

+ ⋯+

ଶଵ

d) − 3 + 6 − 9 + 12 … .60

a) ∑ே ଶ

ୀଵ (݇ )

b) ∑ே

ୀଵ (2݇ + 2)

c) ∑ே

ୀ (݇ − 2)

d) ∑ே

ୀିଶ |݇|

6) Calculate the sum of the first 5 terms of the series generated by the notation

4ି

ୀ

2݇ + 2

ୀଵ

8) Calculate the sum of the first ten terms of the series generated by the notation

2݇ − 1

ୀଵ

9) Determine the terms of the following series, and express the sum in terms of n

݇ଶ − (݇ + 1) ଶ

ୀ

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 5: Series Notation

10) Determine the terms of the following series, and express the sum in terms of n

1 1

൬ − ൰

݇+ 1 ݇

ୀଵ

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Exercise 6

Sum to Infinity

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 6: Sum to Infinity

a) 8, 4, 2, 1, …

ହ ହ ହ

d) ଼ , ଵ , ଷଶ , ….

f) 2, 4, 8, 16, … …

ஶ

1

൬൰

2

ୀଵ

ଶ

3) The sum to infinity of a geometric series is 18. If the common ratio is , what is the

ଷ

first term of the series?

4) The first term of a geometric series is 21, and its sum to infinity is 28. What is the

common ratio?

ଷ

$10 on day 1 and of what you received the day before from then on

ସ

ଵ

$20 on day 1 and of what you received the day before from then on

ଶ

7) A form of Zeno’s paradox (Zeno was a contemporary of Socrates) postulates that one

can never walk across a room, since first one must cover half the distance of the

room, then half the remaining distance, then half the remaining distance and so on.

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 6: Sum to Infinity

Since there will always be a fraction of a distance to cover, the total journey is

impossible. Reconcile this paradox with the use of a geometric series

8) A person weighing 210 kg plans to lose 10 kg in the first month of their diet, then 8

kg in the second month, 6.4 kg in the third month, and so on repeating the pattern of

weight loss. Their goal is to eventually reach 150 kg. Will they be successful with

this strategy? Explain your answer.

9) If the person from question 8 wanted to achieve their goal weight, but maintaining

the same pattern of weight loss, how much weight would they have to lose in the

first month?

10) An equilateral triangle has a side length of ݔcm. Another equilateral triangle is

inscribed inside the first one such that the vertices of the second triangle sit at the

midpoint of the sides of the larger triangle. (See diagram). This process is repeated

infinitely. What is the sum of the perimeters of the triangles?

ݔ

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Exercise 7

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 7: Arithmetic & Geometric Mean

1) Calculate the arithmetic mean of the first 8 terms of the following sequences

a) 2, 4, 6, .....,

c) − 6, − 2, 2, … ..

ହ ଷଵ ସ

e) ଼ , ଶସ , ଶସ , … … .,

ଵ

10݊ − 13

ୀଵ

inclusive?

If the arithmetic mean of the series is 40, calculate the value of ݔ

ଵ

5) Calculate the geometric mean of the sequence ସ , 1, 4

6) Calculate the geometric mean of the set of numbers 22, 20, 12, 4, 0

a) 1, ____, ____, 27

ଷ ଵ

b) ଼ , ____, ______, ଽ

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 7: Arithmetic & Geometric Mean

ଶ ଵ

c) ହ

, ___, ____,

ଵ

ଵ

e) ଼ , ____, ____, √8

9) Prove with two examples if the geometric mean is always, sometimes or never larger

than the arithmetic mean for the same data set

10) Write a set of data for which the arithmetic and geometric means are the same

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Exercise 8

Applications of Series

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 8: Applications of Series

decimals to fractions need to have a total of 168

rocks?

a) 0. 4̇ 3̇

d) How many rocks in the

b) 0. 2̇ 6̇ entire set?

paying $200 in the first week and

d) 0. 1̇ 4̇ increases their repayments by $30

each subsequent week

e) 0. 1̇

a) How much will they repay

2) A man has $20 in his piggy bank as in week 10?

at July 1st, and each day thereafter

puts $4 into it b) How much will they have

repaid by week 20?

a) How much money will he

have in the piggy bank on c) The loan requires 50

July 4th? payments; how much will

the last payment be?

b) How much money will he

have in his piggy bank on d) How much will the

August 6th? company repay in this

time?

c) He is saving to buy a suit

that costs $375. When will 5) Find the sum of

he be able to buy the suit?

a) The first 40 multiples of 9

3) A set of rocks is stacked in rows

with 30 on the bottom and 2 less b) The multiples of 8 between

on each subsequent row 0 and 1000

5th row? 500 and 1000

rocks?

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Chapter 1: Series Exercise 8: Applications of Series

form a geometric sequence. The 9) Each hour a bell rings the number

shortest length is 4cm and the of times corresponding to the time

longest is 64cm. What is the of day (for example, at 4 o’clock it

length of the line? rings 4 times). How many times

does the bell ring per day?

7) A ball is dropped from 2 metres, (Assume not a 24 hour clock)

and each time it bounces it

reaches 70% of its previous height. 10) At the end of the year 2002,

world oil reserves were about 950

a) How high will it bounce billion barrels.

after its fourth bounce? During 2003, about 30 billion

barrels of oil were consumed. Over

b) What distance will it have the past decade, oil consumption

travelled when it hits the has been increasing at about 1% a

ground for the 6th time? year. Assuming oil consumption

increases at this rate in the future,

how long will reserves last?

c) How far does it travel

before coming to rest?

11) Every day person consumes 10

8) You are given a new job with a micrograms of a toxin which leaves

choice of pay method the body at a rate of 3% per day.

How much toxin is accumulated in

the body in the long run?

a) $1000 on your first day and

a pay increase of $200 per

day (that is on day two you 12) A plant is eaten by a caterpillar,

earn another $1200 etc) the caterpillar by a fish, the fish by

a bigger fish, and the large fish

eaten by a man. If only 20% of the

b) 1 cent on your first day,

energy is transformed from one

and double the previous

stage to the next, how many

day’s pay each day (that is

calories must be supplied by plant

on day two you earn

food to provide the man with

another 2 cents, on day 3

2,000 calories from the large fish?

you earn another 4 cents

etc)

choose?

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Exercise 9

Financial Applications

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Chapter 1: Number Exercise 9: Financial Applications

1) The value of a computer depreciates at the rate of 12.5% per year. If it originally

costs $5000, how much will it be worth after 5 years?

years

3) An investment fund returns 7.5% interest annually. Each year a man puts $2000 into

the fund. How much will he have in his fund after 20 years?

4) A man borrows $10,000 at 2% per month reducible interest, and makes repayments

each month. What should his repayments be to have the loan paid off after 5 years?

5) A government uses proceeds from a federal grant to provide a tax rebate for land

owners. Suppose an individual receives a $600 rebate and spends 90% of this, and

each of the recipients of the money spent by this individual also spends 90% of what

he or she receives, and this process continues without end. According to the

multiplier effect theory in economics, the effect of the original $600 tax rebate on

the economy is multiplied many times. What is the total amount spent if the process

continues as indicated?

6) A sweepstakes has $4,000,000 in prizes. The first ticket drawn wins $15, the second

ticket drawn wins $45; the third ticket drawn wins $135, and so on.

a) How many tickets can be drawn without giving away more than the allotted

prize money?

b) How much money is left after all the prizes are awarded?

7) After how many months will an investment of $15000 be worth more than $18000

given that the interest rate is 10% per annum calculated monthly?

8) There are two investment schemes available. Scheme A pays simple interest of 8%

paid yearly, while scheme B pays 6.5% interest compounded annually. Which

investment will give the greater return?

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Year 12 Mathematics

Chance

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Exercise 1

Probability

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Chapter 2: Chance Exercise 1: Probability

probability that c) Both numbers are even

2 and the other is less than

b) An even number is thrown 4

thrown

4) There are 80 tickets in a raffle.

d) An odd number less than 5 How many tickets must someone

is thrown buy to have a better than 50%

chance of winning?

e) An even number greater

than 5 is thrown 5) A card is drawn from a standard

deck of 52. What is the probability

2) A die has 12 sides, numbered from that

1 to 12. Find the probability that

when it is thrown a) It is a king

than 5

c) The number is an even

number less than 8 d) It is a picture card

number greater than 11

f) It is black

3) Two six sided dice are thrown.

What is the probability that g) It is a black 6

a) The total of the two dice is 6) Are the events drawing king and

8 drawing a number less than 5

mutually exclusive? Explain

b) The total of the two dice is

less than 10

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Chapter 2: Chance Exercise 1: Probability

and 5 black, each numbered from what is the probability that he

1 to 5. Find the probability that a ends up back where he started

card drawn at random from?

a) Is a 5

b) Is red

c) Is a red 5

d) Is a red or a 5

5” and “drawing a red

card” mutually exclusive?

Explain

probability that

tail

and the second shows a tail

the second shows a tail

exclusive? Explain

square city blocks. At each

intersection he either turns left,

right, or goes straight ahead. If he

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Exercise 2

Compound Probability

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Chapter 2: Chance Exercise 2: Compound Probability

1) A coin is tossed three times. Draw b) Two of the three days are

a tree diagram that shows all dry

possible outcomes and from it

calculate the probability of c) It rained on at least one

day

a) Three heads

d) The last day of the three is

b) Two heads and one tail wet

of the balls have a star on them. If

d) One or two heads a man draws 5 balls from the bag,

what is the probability that at least

2) There are 5 black and 5 white one has a star?

shirts in a draw. Three are taken

out without replacement. Draw a 5) There are 5 red, 3 green and 2 blue

tree diagram and from it calculate blocks in a box. Three are drawn

the probability of out without replacement. What is

the probability that

a) Three black shirts being

taken a) All are blue

shirt being taken colours

being taken

d) At least 2 are green

d) All three shirts being the

same colour e) No red blocks are drawn

particular day in May is 70%. If soccer team he scores a goal 2

three days from the month are games out of 5 on average. His

chosen, use a tree diagram to chance of playing striker is 25%.

calculate the probability that What is the probability that John

scores a goal two games in a row?

a) All three are rainy

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Chapter 2: Chance Exercise 2: Compound Probability

standard deck of 52 with no

replacement. What is the

probability of drawing the king of

spades, followed by the 7 of clubs

then the 2 of hearts?

barrel of fifty numbers with no

replacement. The first number is

5. What is the probability that the

next three numbers are NOT 6, 7,

and 8 in that order

draw. Jim has one ticket with 6

numbers on it. What is the

probability that he does not win

first prize (all 6 numbers drawn)

70% chance of getting a question

correct. If there are 10 questions

on a test what is the probability of

Ben getting at least one question

correct?

35

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Year 12 Mathematics

Geometric

Applications of

Differentiation

36

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Exercise 1

37

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Chapter 3: Geometric Applications of Differentiation Exercise 1: Critical Points of

Functions

Using the same domain and scale, graph the derivative of the function

Complete the table

a) = ݕ2ݔ

b) ݔ = ݕଶ

c) = ݕ2ݔଶ + 4ݔ

d) ݔ = ݕଷ + ݔଶ − 1

e) ݔ = ݕଷ − 12ݔ

f) ݔ = ݕଷ − 3ݔ

Point(s)

where Values of ݔ Values of ݔ

݀ݕ Turning ௗ௬ where where

Function = = 0

݀ݔ point(s) of y ௗ௫ function is function is

(Critical increasing decreasing

point)

= ݕ2ݔ

ݔ = ݕଶ

= ݕ2ݔଶ + 4ݔ

ݔ = ݕଷ + ݔଶ − 1

ݔଷ − 12ݔ

ݔଷ − 3ݔ

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Chapter 3: Geometric Applications of Differentiation Exercise 1: Critical Points of

Functions

4) What relationship is there between a function and its derivative at each critical

point?

5) For each of the functions in question 1, identify all local maxima and minima (use

your graphs), and the global maxima and minima over the domain graphed

8) What is the relationship between the value of the second derivative at a critical point

and the nature of the original function?

9)

a) Graph the function( = ݕ− ݔଷ + 3ݔଶ − 3)ݔ, and calculate the first and second

derivatives.

b) From previous work, calculate the co-ordinate(s) of the critical point(s), and

the value of the second derivative at that point

c) How is the behaviour of this function at the critical point similar to previous

functions in this exercise, and how is it different?

39

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Exercise 2

40

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Chapter 3: Geometric Applications of Differentiation Exercise 2: Graphing Functions

ଵ

SKETCH each of the functions below by 9) ݔ = ݕ+ ௫

considering and drawing the following key

points ଵ

10) =ݕ ௫ିଵ

+ ݔ

The values of the function when

=ݔ0

point(s)

and minima and global maxima

and minima

symmetrical)

not defined

1) = ݕ2 ݔ− 3

2) = ݕ2ݔଶ + ݔ− 1

3) = ݕ3ݔଶ − 2 ݔ+ 4

ଵ ଶ

4) =ݕ ଶ

ݔ − 6 ݔ+ 2

6) ݔ = ݕଷ

8) = ݕ4ݔସ − ݔଷ + 2

41

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Exercise 3

Word Problems

42

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Chapter 3: Geometric Applications of Differentiation Exercise 3: Word Problems

and global maxima and minima of the equation ܸ = − ݐଶ + 8ݐ, where

the following functions over the t is in seconds ( >ݐ0), and V is in

domain(− 5 ≤ ≤ ݔ5). Indicate if cubic centimetres

any critical points are a maximum,

minimum or neither a) What is the maximum

volume the balloon

a) = ݕ− 3ݔଶ − 2 ݔ+ 4 reaches?

does it reach its maximum

c) ݔ = ݕସ − 4ݔ volume?

d) ଵ ହ

= ݕ− ଶ ݔଷ − ଶ ݔଶ + 4ݔ c) When is its volume 7 cm3?

4) In a factory with 20 men, each

man can produce 200 units of a

product per day. For each

additional man hired, output drops

2) A man is standing on a platform k

by 5 units per man. How many

metres above the ground. He

men should be employed to

throws a ball upward which then

maximize production?

falls to the ground. The height of

the ball can be described by the

(Hint: the total output is equal to

equation ℎ = − ݐଶ + 4ݐ+ 12,

the number of men times the

where t is in seconds ( >ݐ0)

amount produced per man; the

number of men at any time is

a) What is the value of k? (20 + )ݔ, and the amount

produced per man is (200 − 5)ݔ

b) What is the highest point

the ball reaches above the 5) A car is located 40km east of a

ground and how many truck. At the same time the car

seconds after it is thrown starts moving west at a speed of

does it reach this height? 20 km per hour, and the truck

starts moving north at a speed of

c) After how many seconds 40 km per hour. When will they be

does it hit the ground? at the minimum distance from

each other, and what will this

3) A balloon is blown up then left to distance be? (Draw diagram and

deflate. The equation of the use Pythagoras’ Theorem)

43

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Chapter 3: Geometric Applications of Differentiation Exercise 3: Word Problems

from the curve ݔ√ = ݕto the

point (3, 0)

parabola that has the equation:

ℎ = − 0.0025ݔଶ + 1.25ݔ, where ℎ

is the height of the bridge above

the water and ݔis the distance

along the bridge.

the bridge, at what distance along

the bridge does it occur, and what

is the total length of the bridge?

8) A rectangular enclosure is to be

constructed from 120 metres of

wire. The wire only has to be used

on three sides as the fourth side of

the enclosure will be a barn wall.

What will the length and width of

the largest possible enclosure, and

hence what will be its area?

metres respectively are 50 metres

apart from base to base. A rope is

attached to the top of each and

secured to a point in the ground

between them. Where should the

secured point be to minimize the

amount of rope used?

44

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Exercise 4

45

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Chapter 3: Geometric Applications Exercise 4: Tangents, Normals &

Primitive Functions

1) Find the equation of the tangent to 4) Find the equation of the normal to

the curve ݔ = ݕଷ + 1 at the the curve ݔ = ݕଷ + 1 at the

following points following points

c) (0, 1) c) (1, 2)

d) (2, 9) d) (0, 1)

2) Find the equation of the tangent to 5) Find the equation of the normal to

the curve ݔ = ݕଶ − 2 ݔ+ 3 at the the curve ݔ = ݕଶ − 2 ݔ+ 3 at the

following points following points

a) (0, 3) a) (1, 2)

c) (2, 3) c) (3, 6)

3) Find the equation of the tangent to 6) Find the equation of the normal to

the curve ݔ = ݕsin ݔat the the curve ݔ = ݕsin ݔat the

following points following points

ଷగ ଷగ ଷగ ଷగ

a) ቀଶ , − ଶ

ቁ a) ቀଶ , − ଶ

ቁ

గ గ గ గ

b) ቀଶ , ଶቁ b) ቀଶ , ଶቁ

గ గ గ గ

c) ቀ , ଵଶቁ c) ቀ , ଵଶቁ

d) (ߨ, 0) d) (ߨ, 0)

46

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Chapter 3: Geometric Applications Exercise 4: Tangents, Normals &

Primitive Functions

curve ݔ = ݕଶ − 1 is = ݕ4 ݔ− 5. ௗ௬

= 2ݔଶ − 2, and the curve

ௗ௫

passes through the point (0, 4).

a) At what point is this the Find the equation of the curve

equation of the tangent? 10) The gradient function of a curve

ଷ భ

b) What is the equation of the is ݕᇱ = ݔమ + 2ݔ, and the curve

ଶ

normal at the same point? passes through the point (1, 3).

Find its equation

8) The following equations show the

second derivative of a function ݕ 11) The gradient function of a curve

in terms of ݔ. Find ( ݕthe original is ݕᇱ = sin ݔ, and the curve passes

function) in terms of ݔ through the point (0, 2). Find its

equation

a) = ̈ݕ4.

when = ݔ0, = ݕ1

ௗమ௬

b) ௗ௫మ

= 3

ௗ௬

When = ݔ0, ௗ௫ = 5, and

when = ݔ0, = ݕ10

c) = ̈ݕ2ݔ

when = ݔ1, = ݕ1

d) ݕᇱᇱ = 2 ݔ− 2.

when = ݔ3, = ݕ4

47

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Year 12 Mathematics

Integration

48

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Exercise 1

Approximations

49

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Chapter 4: Integration Exercise 1: Approximations

For all approximations in this exercise, the 7) Use Simpson’s rule to approximate

areas discussed are bounded below by the the area under the curve

x axis ݔ = ݕଷ + 1 between the points

= ݔ1 and = ݔ3

1) Use the approximation ଷ

8) Calculate ∫ଵ ݔଷ + 1, and explain

(௫)ି() why your answer is in this instance

݂(≅ )ݔ

௫ି not exactly equal to your answer

to question 7

to estimate the area under the

curve ݔ = ݕଶ + 1 between the ଵ

points = ݔ1 and = ݔ3

9) For the function = ݕ

௫ାଵ

estimate the area between the

2) Use the Trapezoidal rule to points = ݔ1 and = ݔ2, by using

approximate the area under the first the trapezoidal rule, and then

curve ݔ = ݕଶ + 1 between the Simpson’s rule for the whole

points = ݔ1 and = ݔ3 Use interval and then for the two

successively smaller subintervals of subintervals separated by the

ଷ

size 1, 2, and 4 point = ݔ ଶ

the area under the curve

ݔ = ݕଶ + 1 between the points

= ݔ1 and = ݔ3

ଷ

4) Calculate ∫ଵ ݔଶ + 1 ݀ݔ, and

explain why your answer is exactly

equal in this instance to your

answer to question 3

question 1 to estimate the area

under the curve ݔ = ݕଷ + 1

between the points = ݔ1 and

=ݔ3

approximate the area under the

curve ݔ = ݕଷ + 1 between the

points = ݔ1 and = ݔ3

50

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Exercise 2

Calculations &Applications

51

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Chapter 4: Integration Exercise 2: Calculations & Applications

ଵ

a) ∫ ݔ+ 1 ݀ݔ

x

-3 -2 -1 1 2 3

-1

-2

-3

ଶ

b) ∫ଵ − 2 ݔ+ 4 ݀ݔ

x

-3 -2 -1 1 2 3

-1

-2

-3

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Chapter 4: Integration Exercise 2: Calculations & Applications

ଷ

c) ∫ିଵ ݔଶ ݀ݔ

x

-3 -2 -1 1 2 3

ଶ

d) ∫ ݔଶ − 4 ݔ+ 3 ݀ݔ

x

-1 1 2 3 4

53

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Chapter 4: Integration Exercise 2: Calculations & Applications

2) Calculate the area bounded by the y axis, x axis, the line = ݔ3, and the line

= ݕ− ݔ+ 2

x

-1 1 2 3 4

-1

3) Calculate the area between the x axis and the equation = ݕ− ݔଶ + 5 ݔ− 6

x

-1 1 2 3

54

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Chapter 4: Integration Exercise 2: Calculations & Applications

4) Calculate the area bounded by the curve ݔ = ݕଶ − 4 ݔ+ 5 and the line = ݕ2

x

-1 1 2 3

-1

-2

-3

5) Calculate the area bounded by the curves ݔ = ݕଶ − 4 ݔ+ 8 and = ݕ− ݔଶ + 4 ݔ+ 2

x

-1 1 2 3 4

55

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Chapter 4: Integration Exercise 2: Calculations & Applications

6) Calculate the volume generated when the area bounded by the lines = ݕ2ݔ, = ݔ2,

and the ݔaxis is rotated about the ݔaxis

x

-2 -1 1 2

-1

-2

-3

7) Calculate the volume generated when the area bounded by the semicircle

√ = ݕ4 − ݔଶ and the ݔaxis is rotated about the ݔaxis

x

-2 -1 1 2

-1

-2

-3

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Chapter 4: Integration Exercise 2: Calculations & Applications

8) Calculate the volume produced by rotating the area between = ݕ3ݔଶ and

ݔ = ݕ+ 2 with ≥ ݔ0 around the ݔaxis

x

-2 -1 1 2

-1

-2

-3

9) Find the volume generated by rotating the curve ݔ = ݕଷ between = ݕ0 and = ݕ3

about the ݕaxis

x

-2 -1 1 2

-1

-2

-3

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Chapter 4: Integration Exercise 2: Calculations & Applications

10) Find the volume generated by the curve = ݕ2 ݔ− ݔଶ and = ݕ0 about the ݔaxis

x

-2 -1 1 2

-1

-2

-3

58

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Year 12 Mathematics

Applications of

Calculus

59

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Exercise 1

Rates of Change

60

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Chapter 5: Applications of Calculus Exercise 1: Rates of Change

1) A tap is slowly opened such that the volume flow rate R varies in time according to

the equation ܴ = ݇ݐ, where ݇ is a constant and >ݐ0. Calculate the total volume

that flows through the tap in the first 12 seconds if ݇ = 1.5݉ ଷିݏଶ

2) The number of bacteria in a dish after t hours is given by ܾ = 3ݐଶ + 5ݐ+ 2. How

fast is the population growing after 3 hours?

3) The rate of change of profit from sales of x beds per week is given by the equation

ௗ

= 50 − 2ݔ. What is the profit when 20 beds are sold?

ௗ௫

4) A ladder 5 meters long is resting against a wall. If the bottom of the ladder begins

sliding away from the wall at the rate of 1 metre per second, how fast is the top of

the ladder moving down when the bottom of the ladder is 3 meters from the wall?

5) In 2005, the population of a town was 1000. Since 2005 the rate of change in the

ௗ

population is modelled by the equation ௗ௧ = 4ݐ+ 100, where t is the number of

years from 2005. What was the population of the town in 2009?

6) A tank is being drained of water at a rate of = ݎ1 + 2ݐ− 12ݐଶ in litres per minute.

After 4 minutes there are 802 litres in the tank. What was the initial volume of the

tank, and how much will be left in the tank after 6 minutes?

7) The number of fish that a seal can eat per hour (t) is given by ܴ = 32 − 2ݐଶ

b) How many fish did it eat in the second hour? (To nearest whole number)

8) In 1970 a rare painting was valued at $50,000. The rate of change in its value is

ௗ

given by the equation ௗ் = 200ݐ+ 500.

b) If an investor purchased the painting in 1970 for $50,000 how much profit

will they have made by the year 2020?

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Exercise 2

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Chapter 5: Applications of Calculus Exercise 2: Exponential Growth & Decay

appropriate range and domain hours to 3 significant figures

2000, and it grows at the rate of

b) ݁ = ݕଶ௫ 2.5% per annum. Graph the curve

of the population after 50 years

భ

௫

c) ݁ = ݕ మ

7) A mining town is suffering a net

population decline due to lack of

d) ݁ = ݕଷ௫ work. In 1990 the population was

2,000 the decline rate thereafter

e) ି݁ = ݕ௫ was 4.5% per annum.

be at the end of 2001?

2) What effect does the value of ݇

have on graphs of the form b) When will the population

݁ = ݕ௫? drop below 100?

appropriate range and domain 1500 on January 1st. Each day the

size of the colony grows by 8%

a) = ݕ2݁௫

a) What will the population

b) = ݕ10݁ ௫

be on January 10th?

reach 5000?

d) = ݕ− 2݁௫

c) The pond can only support

4) What effect does the value of A 7500 mites. When will this

have on graphs of the form limit be reached?

݁ܣ = ݕ௫?

9) In the year 1990 there was $3500

5) The growth rate per hour of a in a bank account In the year

population of bacteria is 5% of the 2000, the account held $5500. If

population. The initial population there had been no deposits or

was 100,000 bacteria. Sketch the withdrawals in that time, what was

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Chapter 5: Applications of Calculus Exercise 2: Exponential Growth & Decay

account? In what year will there

be double the original amount?

(Assume compound interest)

life of 90 seconds; that is the

amount present will reduce by half

every 90 seconds. How much of a

1 kg sample would remain after 5

minutes?

year 2000 was approximately

16,500 and ten years later it was

approximately 27,200. Assuming a

constant growth rate, what was

that rate, and what was the

population of the town in 1990?

64

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Exercise 3

65

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Chapter 5: Applications of Calculus Exercise 3: Velocity & Acceleration

kilometres from a given point is describes velocity of the

given by the equation particle at any time?

= ݔ2ݐଶ + 10ݐ

b) What is the equation that

a) What will be the describes the displacement

displacement after 3 of the particle at any time?

hours?

c) What will be the

b) What will the velocity and displacement and velocity

acceleration of the car be of the particle when the

after 4 hours? acceleration is zero?

the car be travelling at the meters per second. Describe what

speed limit (30 km per this means in physical terms.

hour)?

5) Can a particle have positive

2) The velocity of a particle t seconds acceleration and a negative

after it starts moving from the velocity? Explain

point = ݔ0 is given by the

equation = ݒ10ݐ+ 4. 6) Can a particle have negative

acceleration and a positive

a) What is the equation velocity? Explain

describing the

displacement of the 7) The velocity of a particle at time t

particle after t seconds? is described by the equation

ଷ

= ݒ− ଶ ݐଶ + 8. At =ݐ0, the

b) What is the rate of

particle is at position = ݔ0

acceleration of the

particle?

a) What is the initial velocity

of the particle?

3) The acceleration of a particle at

time t is described by the equation

b) Describe the acceleration

ܽ = 10 − 2ݐ, where t is in

of the particle at any time

seconds, and a is in ݉ ିݏଶ. At

t.

=ݐ0 the particle was at the origin

with a velocity of 5 metres per

second

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Chapter 5: Applications of Calculus Exercise 3: Velocity & Acceleration

will the particle return to function of t

its original position?

this time?

the particle as a function of

time

any time t (in seconds) is given by

the equation ܽ = 5 − 2ݐ. At time

=ݐ0 the particle is at the position

= ݔ0 and has velocity 2 meters

per second.

=ݐ4 seconds?

particle return to the point

= ݔ0?

when the acceleration is

zero?

fixed point is described by the

equation = ݔ4 − 2 sin 2ݐ

at rest, when acceleration is zero

and when it returns to the fixed

point.

67

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Year 12 Mathematics

Exponential &

Logarithmic

Functions

68

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Exercise 1

69

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Chapter 6: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions Exercise 1: Review of Index Laws

notation

e) (ܽ × ܾ) ௫ =

a) √2

௫

f) ቀቁ =

b) √ݔ

c) య

√3ଶ

4) Use index laws to simplify the

following

d) య

√ݔ

a) ܽଶܾଷܿଶ × ܾଶܿଶ

e) ర

√ݔଷ

b) ݔଶݕସݖݔ ×ݖଷ

c) ݔ ݕ × ݔݕௗ

భ

a) ()ݔమ రయమ

d) మ

భ

b) (ݔଷ)ర మమమ

e) య

భ ଷ

c) ቀݔరቁ ௫ೌ ௬್

f) ௫௬

య

d) ()ݔర

5) Use index laws to simplify the

మ following: express your answers

e) ()ݔఱ with positive indices

ఱ

f) ()ݔమ a) ܽିସܾଶܿିଵ × ܽଶܾିହܿିଶ

ೣ షమయషభ

b) = d) మషమయ

c) ܽ = e) ܽିଷܾଶܿଷ × ܽଷܾିଶܿିଷ

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Chapter 6: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions Exercise 1: Review of Index Laws

యషయ

f) షయమ

షమయమ

g) షమయమ

following leaving your answers in

positive index form

a) (ܽଶ) ଷ

భ

b) (ܽଶܾଶ)మ

భ భ ିଶ

ష

మ మ

c) ቆ భ ቇ

మ

d) (ܽଷܾିଶܿିଷ)

e) ݔସ − ݔଷ

laws

a) (ܽିଷܾଶ) ିଶ ÷ (ܽଷܾଶ) ଶ

భ

b) (ܽଶ ÷ ܾିଶ) మ ×

భ భ ଶ

ି

ቀܽ ÷ ܾ ቁ

మ మ

భ

c) (ܾܽ)ିଵ ÷ (ܽଶܾଶ)ି మ

d) (2ܽଶ) − 2

ସబ

e) (ସ) బ

71

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Exercise 2

72

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Chapter 6: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions Exercise2: Logarithms & Exponents

exponential form the following in terms of a, b and c

ଵ

b) logଵ ܿ = ݔ b) logଵ ቀଶହቁ

ଶ

d) log ଶ ݎ = ଷ

d) logଵ ቀହቁ

e) log ௫ 5 = 12

e) logଵ 16

f) log ௫ ܽ = ݕ

f) logଵ 30

2) Convert the following to ଵ

logarithmic form g) logଵ ቀ଼ቁ

log10

c) 5ଶ = ݕ

a) log ହ ݔ

d) ܽଶ = ݎ

b) log ௫ 5

e) ݔ௬ = 10

c) log ௫ ݕ

f) ܽ = ܿ

d) logଵ 10

3) Prove log ( = )ݕݔlog ݔ+ log ݕ

e) log ௫ ݔ

4) Prove log ݔ = ܾlog ݔ

f) logଵ ݔ

5) Prove that log ௫ 1 = 0

g) log ௫ 1

6) Prove that log ௫ = ݔ1

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Chapter 6: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions Exercise2: Logarithms & Exponents

decimal places e) 4 + 2 ln = ݔ14

c) log ସ 64

d) log ହ 5

e) logଵ 10

f) logଵ 5

మ ଵ

a) 3ି௫ = ଶ

b) 5(2.5ଶ௫ାଵ) = 150

c) 6ଷ௫ = 32

d) 20 = 10(4) ௫ାହ

e) 1000.ଵହ௫ = 12,000

a) ݁௫ = 10

b) 100݁ଶ௫ = 50

c) 25݁.ହ௫ = 12

d) ln = ݔ4

74

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Exercise 3

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Chapter 6: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions Exercise 3: Differentiation &

Integration

c) ݁ = ݕଷ௫ିସ a) ∫ ln ݔ݀ݔ

d)

మ

݁ = ݕ௫ b) ∫ ln 2ݔ݀ݔ

e)

మାଶ௫ିଵ ௫

݁ = ݕ௫ c) ∫ ln ଶ ݀ݔ

f) ∫ ௫

݀ݔ

b) = ݕln(2)ݔ

5) Perform the following integrations

c) = ݕln(3 ݔ+ 1)

ସ

a) ∫ ௫ ݀ݔ

d)

మ

= ݕln ݁௫

ଷ

b) ∫ ଷ௫ାଶ

݀ݔ

e) ( = ݕln )ݔ ଶ

ଶ௫

c) 2∫ ௫మିଷ

݀ݔ

f) = ݕln(ݔଶ + 2 ݔ− 3)

ଵଶ௫

d) ∫ ݀ݔ

g) = ݕln(sin )ݔ ଷ௫మାଵ

௫ିଶ

3) Perform the following integrations

e) ∫ ௫మିସ௫ାଶ

݀ݔ

b) ∫ ݁ଶ௫ ݀ݔ

ೣ

c) ∫ ݁మ ݀ݔ

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Chapter 6: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions Exercise 3: Differentiation &

Integration

simplify your answers where

possible

simplify your answers where

possible

ೣିషೣ

a) = ݕ ೣାషೣ

ೣ

b) = ݕ ೣିଵ

d)

మ

= ݕln൫ݔଶ݁ି௫ ൯

e) = ݕln[(ݔଶ + 1)(ݔଷ + 1) ଶ]

77

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Year 12 Mathematics

Trigonometry

78

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Exercise 1

Radian Measurement

79

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Chapter 7: Trigonometry Exercise 1: Radian Measurement

గ

1) Convert the following to exact d) ଵଶ

radians

గ

e) ଽ

a) 30°

గ

f)

b) 40° ଶ

గ

g)

c) 120° ଽ

d) 70° h) ߨ

ହగ

e) 170°

i) ଵ଼

గ

f) 160° j) ଵଶ

ଷగ

g) 150° k) ସ

h) 75° l) ହగ

ଽ

exact radians

j) 130°

a) 210°

k) 165°

b) 240°

l) 60°

c) 270°

2) Convert the following radians to

degrees d) 320°

గ

a) ସ e) 360°

ସగ

b) ଽ 4) Convert the following radians to

degrees

ଵଵగ

c) ଵ଼ ଷగ

a) ଶ

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Chapter 7: Trigonometry Exercise 1: Radian Measurement

ହగ

b) ସ

b) Radius 4cm, subtended

angle of 10°

గ

c)

c) Radius 15cm, subtended

గ angle of 135°

d) ସ

e) ଽ angle of 110°

ଵగ

f) ଵହ e) Radius 1cm, subtended

angle of 180°

5) Find the length of the following

arcs in terms of π f) Radius 10cm, subtended

angle of 360°

a) Radius 2cm, subtended

angle of 30° 7) Solve the following equations for ݔ

in the interval stated

b) Radius 10cm, subtended

angle of 90° a) 2 sin ݔ+ 1 = 0, [0, 2ߨ]

angle of 120°

ଵ

c) sin 2= ݔ

√ଶ

, [0, ߨ]

d) Radius of 1.5m, subtended

angle of 70° d) tan 4 ݔ− 1 = 0, [ߨ, 2ߨ]

angle of 100°

ଷగ

f) ߨ sin ݔ− ߨଶ = 0, [0,ଶ ቁ

f) Radius of 2.25cm,

subtended angle of 135°

8) Solve the following in the interval

stated

6) Calculate the areas of the

following sectors in terms of π

a) 2 cos 3 = ݔ1, [0,

2ߨ)

angle of 220° b) sin 2 = ݔsin ݔ, ቒ− , ቓ

ଶ ଶ

81

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Chapter 7: Trigonometry Exercise 1: Radian Measurement

82

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Exercise 2

83

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Chapter 7: Trigonometry Exercise 2: Graphing Trigonometric Functions

to 2π, and state the domain for what effect on the range is

each produced by the varying of A in the

general equations

a) sin ݔ

ܣ = ݕsin ݔ, and ܣ = ݕcos ݔ

b) sin 2ݔ

What general effect does the value

ଵ of “A” have on such graphs?

c) sin ଶ ݔ

d) cos ݔ

to 2π, and state the domain for

each

e) cos 3ݔ

ଷ

a) = ݕ1 + sin ݔ

f) cos ଶ ݔ

g) b) = ݕ2 − sin ݔ

2) From your graphs in question 1,

what effect on the range is c) = ݕ2 + cos ݔ

produced by the varying of B in the

general equations d) = ݕ1 − cos ݔ

what effect is produced by the

What general effect does the value varying of “C” in the general

of “B” have on such graphs? equations

3) Graph the following in the range 0 ܥ = ݕ± sin ݔ, and ܥ = ݕ± cos ݔ

to 2π, and state the domain for

each 7) Solve the following by drawing

graphs of the functions

a) 2 sin ݔ

ଵ

a) sin ݔ = ݔ

b) ଶ

sin ݔ

b) cos 2 ݔ = ݔ+ 1

ଵ

c) ଶ

cos ݔ

௫

c) sin 2= ݔ ଶ

d) 3 cos ݔ

d) 2 cos ݔ = ݔ− 1

84

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Chapter 7: Trigonometry Exercise 2: Graphing Trigonometric Functions

b) = ݕsec ݔ

e) 1 − sin = ݔcos ݔ

c) = ݕcsc ݔ

8) Graph the following in the range 0

to 2π, state the domain, and any d) = ݕ2 sec ݔ

values in the range for which the

function is undefined e) = ݕcot 2ݔ

ଵ

b) = ݕtan 2ݔ

11) Draw a rough sketch of the

ଵ

following in the range 0 to 2π, and

c) = ݕtan ଶ ݔ then graph formally to check your

sketch

d) = ݕ2 tan ݔ

a) = ݕ2 cos 2ݔ

ଵ

e) =ݕ ଶ

tan ݔ

ଵ

b) =ݕ ଶ

sin 2ݔ

9) What effect does varying the

values of A and B have on the c) = ݕ3 cos 2ݔ

graph and the range and domain

of functions of the type d) = ݕ2 sin 3ݔ

ܣ = ݕtan ݔܤ ଵ

e) = ݕ2 tan ଶ ݔ

10) Graph the following in the range

0 to 2π ଵ

f) =ݕ ଶ

tan 2ݔ

a) = ݕcot ݔ

85

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Exercise 3

86

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Chapter 7: Trigonometry Exercise 3: Differentiation & Integration

following 3) Find derivatives of the following

ଵ

b) = ݕsin 2ݔ b) = ݕ2 sin ଶ ݔ

ଵ

c) = ݕsin ସ ݔ c) = ݕ4 cos 2ݔ

ଵ

d) = ݕsin 3ݔ d) = ݕ3 cos ଶ ݔ

ଵ

h) =ݕ tan ଶ ݔ

following ଶ

c) ଵ

= ݕcos ଶ ݔ b) ∫ cos ݔ݀ݔ

d) = ݕtan ݔ

ୡ୭ୱଶ௫

d) ∫ ݀ݔ

e) = ݕtan 2ݔ ଶ

௦ଶ௫

f) = ݕsin(2 ݔ− 1) e) 2∫ ଶ

݀ݔ

ଵ ଵ ଵ

h) = ݕsin ቀ− ଶ ݔ− 1ቁ a) ଶ

∫ cos ቀଶ ݔ+ 1ቁ݀ݔ

ଵ

i) = ݕcos ቀ2 ݔ− ଶቁ b) 2 ∫ sin(2 ݔ− 3) ݀ݔ

87

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Chapter 7: Trigonometry Exercise 3: Differentiation & Integration

c) ∫ cos 4ݔ݀ݔ

d) ∫ 2 − cos 2ݔ݀ݔ

ଵ

e) ∫ ቀsin ଶ ݔቁ+ 1 ݀ݔ

a) ∫ sec ଶ ݔ݀ݔ

ୱୣୡమ ௫

b) ∫ ଶ

݀ݔ

d) ଵ

∫ ቀ2 cos ଶ ݔ− sin 2 ݔ+ sec ଶ ݔቁ݀ݔ

88

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89

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