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Original Title: 13 160 Virtual Work Truss Example

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δH#

12 k e

δV#

20 ft 3 in2

3 in2

24 k c 1 in2

d

3 in2

3 in2

20 ft 1 in2

a 1 in2

b

15 ft 15 ft

A truss made of steel members is pin supported at point a, roller supported at point b and

subjected to a point loads at points c and e as shown. The cross sectional areas of each member

are shown on the figure. Find the horizontal and vertical deflection of point e using the Method

of Virtual Work.

Use E = 30,000 ksi.

Real System

Find truss member forces using method of joints (or method of sections)

12 k e

20 ft (20 k) (-16 k)

24 k c (0)

d

(40 k) (-16 k)

20 ft

(-20 k)

36 k

a b

(12 k)

32 k 32 k

30 ft

e 1

20 ft

c

d

20 ft

a b

15 ft 15 ft

Find truss member forces using method of joints (or method of sections)

e

1

20 ft (1.667) (-1.333)

c (0)

d

20 ft

1k a b

(0)

1.333 1.333

30 ft

Method of Virtual Work to find δH

!

𝐹!" 𝐿!

1 ∙ 𝛿! = 𝐹!"

𝐴! 𝐸!

!!!

1 ∙ 𝛿! = 𝐹!"# + 𝐹!"# + 𝐹!"# + 𝐹!"#

𝐴!" 𝐸 𝐴!" 𝐸 𝐴!" 𝐸 𝐴!" 𝐸

40 𝑘 25 𝑓𝑡 12 𝑖𝑛/𝑓𝑡 20 𝑘 25 𝑓𝑡 12 𝑖𝑛/𝑓𝑡

1 ∙ 𝛿! = 1.667 + 1.667

3 𝑖𝑛! 30,000 𝑘𝑠𝑖 3 𝑖𝑛! 30,000 𝑘𝑠𝑖

−16 𝑘 20 𝑓𝑡 12 𝑖𝑛/𝑓𝑡 −16 𝑘 20 𝑓𝑡 12 𝑖𝑛/𝑓𝑡

+ −1.333 + −1.333

3 𝑖𝑛! 30,000 𝑘𝑠𝑖 3 𝑖𝑛! 30,000 𝑘𝑠𝑖

1

e

20 ft

c

d

20 ft

a b

15 ft 15 ft

Find truss member forces using method of joints (or method of sections)

1

20 ft (0) (-1.0)

c (0)

d

20 ft

a b

(0)

1.0

30 ft

!

𝐹!" 𝐿!

1 ∙ 𝛿! = 𝐹!"

𝐴! 𝐸!

!!!

1 ∙ 𝛿! = 𝐹!"# + 𝐹!"#

𝐴!" 𝐸 𝐴!" 𝐸

1 ∙ 𝛿! = −1.0 + −1.0

3 𝑖𝑛! 30,000 𝑘𝑠𝑖 3 𝑖𝑛! 30,000 𝑘𝑠𝑖

𝛿! = 0.04267 𝑖𝑛 + 0.04267 𝑖𝑛

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