High S~hool Science Glossary

:E:gglish-BurIllese

BOARD OF EDUCATION OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK

· "J

BOARD OF EDUCATION OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK

William C. Thompson, Jr.

President

Irene H. Impellizzeri Vice President

Jerry Cammarata

Carol A. Gresser

Sandra E. Lerner

Luis O. Reyes

Ninfa Segarra

Alen Gershkovich Student Advisory Member

Rudolph F. Crew Chancellor

(Asof7/96)

HIGHSCHOOL SCIENCE GLOSSARY

ENGLISH - BURMESE

Chinese/ Asian Bilingual Education Technical Assistance Center Office of Bilingual Education

Board of Education of the City of New York 1996

INTRODUCTION

In 1992, CABEr AC initiated a project in developing a series of bilingual glossaries in Chinese and Korean. At present, the following glossaries are available from the CABEr AC office:

Junior High School General Science: Chinese & Vietnamese High School General Science: Chinese, Burmese & Bengali High School Pre-Calculus & Calculus: Chinese

High School Integrated Math I: Chinese

Math II: Chinese & Bengali Math III: Chinese

High School Science- Biology: Chinese, Korean, Bengali - Chemistry: Chinese & Korean

- Physics: Chinese & Korean

High School Social Studies-Global History: Chinese, Korean, Bengali, Vietnamese & Burmese

The High School English-Burmese General Science Glossary is one of the series developed by CABETAC under the auspices of the Office of Bilingual Education, Board of Education of the City of New York. This project is made possible by a grant from the Office of Bilingual Education, New York State Education Department.

The glossaries developed by CABEfAC have been serving as a study aid for Asian bilingual high school students who are already knowledgeable in the subject areas in their own native languages. Furthermore, these glossaries are approved to be used by bilingual students as a test aid when taking the Regents examinations. The CABEr AC staff believe that the glossaries can help Asian bilingual students in keeping pace with the national movement of raising standards for all students.

For information or recommendation, contact CABEr AC office, Office of Bilingual Education, c/o Seward Park High School, 350 Grand Street, Room 518, New York, NY 10002. Telephone: (212)677-0493. FAX: (212) 677-0398.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

High School English-Burmese Science Glossary: General Science is one of a series of bilingual glossaries containing vocabularies extracted from high school textbooks. This project is sponsored by the Chinese/Asian Bilingal Education Technical Assistance Center (CABETAC). Dr. Florence Pu-Folkes, Director of CABETAC, and Wendy Yang, coordinator of CABETAC, provided overall supervision and coordinated the completion of the Glossary Series.

We wish to thank Dr. Frank Tang, former director of CABErAC, under whose leadership this project was initiated. Special acknowledgment is extended to the following persons who developed the English-Chinese Science Glossary : General Science upon which, glossaries in other Asian languages were translated:

Dr. Lily Yip, Science teacher, Francis Lewis High School. Yun Zheng Fan, Science teacher, Newtown High School Peiqing Yang, f onner Resource Specialist of CABET A C DeKun Y nan, word processor of CABET AC

Jennifer Fung, Secretary, Office of Bilingual Education

The contributions of the following translators are also gratefully acknowledged:

Alfred Aung Lwin, ESL techer and court translator Kyaw Tha Hla, Burmese language consultant

Tin Aung Shein, typist

Special appreciation is extended to Dr. Lillian Hernandez, Executive Director of the Office of Bilingual Education, Board of Education of the City of New York, and Carmen

. Perez Hogan, Coordinator of the Office of Bilingual Education, New York State Education Department. Without their support, this project would never have been possible.

ability

absolute temperature scale

absolute zero

absorb

absorption

accelerate

acceleration

acceleration of gravity

accumulate

accumulation

accurate

accuracy

acetic acid

acetylene

acid

acid-base neutralization

acid rain

A

omd5

o ococo

c c

~ 00 UJ?:J,J ~

or05UJ?§8:

(' ('

coco CDOO ~ID~:C\YJ:)')~

moo 0')00~9 O(O)~: '=tP:[g:>:C\YJ§8:

1

acid salt

adsorption

acid treatment

acidimeter

acidity

acoustics

activation

activation energy active

active metal

addition

advantage agent

arr

GO)

air pollution air pressure air resistance

alchemy alcohol

aircraft

alchemist

alcoholic beverage alkali metal allkane

c

3d'l(Y)

3d '1.0501 G:)J') 3dG<tPo:>~OO'J

c: oc:

3doom0.(c: :)J~l

3dc.0oS03i: (~G:)J;~: CnH2n+2 ~G:lYJ J?a33~

c c 0 )

O'Y.) g; OJ (l) '=ilL!

2

ammonium hydroxide amorphous amorphous solid

. alkaline earth metal

alkene

alkyne

alnico

alloy

alpha decay

alpha particle alternating current altitude

aluminum

aluminum hydroxide amino acid

ammeter

ammoma

amount

o~on

ampere amphoteric amphoterism amplification

C' C' C' C' C' 00

3dm00~CG:::n1D OOO:).)O)6)G::::D'::>

T D D L O? Jt

3

analyze

angle of incidence angle of reflection angle of refraction anthracite

amplifier amplify amplitude

amplitude modulation

c.' Oc.' c.'

3;;l CD C : U( C GCO') <:

c oc.'( ('Q ('0)

3d, co 9:x~q co GOWm ~G~: co e '=til:

antimony aperture

antifreeze

architect architecture

aqueous

Archimedes' principle

array

aromatic

aromatic hydrocarbon

artifact

C,' c:r;:-: C' ('

3d')1l>'fQ)Q)80<DC

c Q C,' C' C'

OJ? co ~,m: CX( co C\(' o C00: G:,).)'J o ~ ~:

arsenic

artificial transmutation

4

assay

asphalt

aspmn

assayer association

astatine

atmosphere atmospheric

atom

c 0 c

GCD CX? 06-''' <: <>X? C GJ.)')

3d050')~ 1 3dt§ll

atomic mass

~ c c c

3d~13ll.,<:oO'):x>mGJ.)')

3d~§ll~:

3d05OJ~ [36CX(

3dciJOJ~ [36CX? UjtiS 3d~§ll( 3daS(J)~) ~cD

atomic

atomic bomb

atomic mass unit

atomic model

atomic number

c c • '1 c ( ceQ c .... o 0 c

3d(y)OJ~ ,01 0) 3dmOJ~ iO)lmC\)~oOJ'tl o~oai

3dGliJ.3d 06 03)

C' c C' C'

3dmOJ~ 3d<lJc:om

atomic radius

average average speed

atomic theory attract

attraction

aurora

5

baking soda balance

balance chemical equation balanced force

barium

barometer

base

battery bauxite

beaker

benzene

beryllium

beta decay beta particle bimetallic strip

binary

binary system binding energy binocular

biomass

bismuth

B

COl C'c:C' C'

ceo 9_w(:;)8 UIDC

o OC' 00

GCU CX( (9 3d':): 0( C: CD 9_CJY.)

6

boiling boiling point

boiling point elevation bombardment bonding

boric acid

G::D:G::D'J ~~8:~a>' oa~@ILQY.)®) ~G::D:~:Uj2~S

., c 0

611 :::D~3d'l::D'J~G::D'J

... ., c

::Dm<6?'PGa>:u 1 oc G:D':>

::0O')<6?'PGa>:ul GOiP~~:G~:

G'l'll05t'J@tGuT oa~ GulGoy')GuT a>2 ~rorf>

~ c:

G37r:>o) G~.C\{p:::D~

G'l~G::D'J

G'l~(joS

c ~~. q~c:

G'lQ:jl(jO') t1~OJmeC:

bit

bitter bituminous bituminous coal

bob

boron

boron family bottle Boyle's law

c <?CDC:

branch· brass brief brittle

o c 1:'0 (~ c c 0 c C'

~lc:C\)~UY)~ G'JOJG~.a:rro~;~ (j~: ccroeo

C' 0 )

9Joo ~().Y)~

o C' I:'

~ C'Y:f c: 3d 61 0)

r:::::. Q C' C' C' 0 ., I:' C'

G~:~t¥ ~ U ::D<6?l;a>'=ijl:GEip 3dOI =r= :).)<J?lCDU

a?GOJ')~ :G::D'J 1 G61g;>QctD§SG:)'),)

~000 oSG::D'J

.. broadcast

Brownian motion.

bromine

bromthymol blue bronze

,7

bug bullet

brush bubble

bubble chamber

buffer

buoyancy buoyant force burette

Bunsen burner

burning butyric acid

burn

8

c

cabbage cable

'T'g c

GO I (9 Ct:? o

Sl:' Q')~~:

calculus

cadmium

cadmium rod

calcium

calcium carbonate

cancer

·c o o ( c C 0 O~ ('Q g c g

co (J.)C\f 9. G9. coo 0 9. ~ Of 3d 'tl ~, 0')1l) 3 09. IDC co

o~~ o?:9.~~G:xl0 3d'tlOjl~S)

O~ g o o

3d 'tl Q:{ C 6p co 3f 9.

cr,-: ~ c c c c: C '"

roor G0())lSl.~ L91l)1l)2OdC Gtpc:coC\YJG:xl') 3d'Jl

oc 00

O~CIOorC: O?9.UYJ

m8~'P

m8QX)G')?ol

calorie

caloric theory calorimeter

camera

carbohydrate carbon

candle

capable capacitor capacity capillary capillary action

caramel

9

carbon dioxide

carbon family carbon monoxide

carbonate carbonic acid

carboxyl carboxyl group carburetor

carpet catalyst cathode

cathode-ray tube caustic soda

cell

Celsius

Celsius scale Celsius thermometer

cement

centimeter

central heating system centripetal

centripetal acceleration centripetal force

e 0 c ~

3dOGOJI ~(\)UG~

10

cesium

QQC'r,:::c ('. Q)@OJ080<DC

choloroform

chain reaction

chamber

charge charged Charle's law

chemical chemical bonding chemical change chemical energy chemical equation chemical formula

chemical property chemical reaction

chemical symbol chemical technician

chemist

chemistry chip

chlorine

chord

11

circuit

chromatic

chomatic aberration

circular motion

circuit breaker

classify clay coal

Q c <::C( <::. 0 c 0 c

0:COQ0 3dm00 GWm ::D<?6p c\)G~ 3d0~::>.J2i

Q. c 0 C C')

3d::>.J:3di-~:D6c ~G::D0 3dOJ0®

e e

?iOOOC\)0

tOji()")~~ G~.C\:fP:~~oy')~GoT 3dG§&G::>.J0

<:: " C'

G(y)OJ'100~')

3d41l:3d ro:I 3dro~:3dQ)0: ~§8:

3d41L:3d~2 ~§8:

~.GID:

GOWa5~:G::A6 :

citric acid

clamp

classical mechanics

classification

coil collide

o C' erne C'

rY( G~? coco e 00 C

~ C' C 0<::

G@(y)G<r.>(Y)t:

v= as :Gt G::>.J01 )l:Gol8 :GtG::D0 3dG~

oCC;:C' 0 C' CI C' c

3d ~t ~ <t Of OJ::>.J ~ GQ:J') <t ::>.J ~

cobalt

coefficient

cohesive

color

colligative properties

collision

collision theory colloid

12

combination

combustible material

combustion

compress

commercial

commutator

compass complementary color

component compound

compression

compressor

0(' c c 0 c

co 0:),) ~ : G3d'J C (9 G:),)') en CD

CY6 t@llQ'Y.) CY6t@IlcrY-> 3d~3den2

computer computer program concave lens

conductometer

concave mnror

concentrated solution

concentration

conclusion

concrete

condensation

13

conduction

conductivity conductor

conservation

conservation of energy conservation of mass

conservation of momentum

constant

constant speed container

control rod

control setup

convection

conversion factor

convex lens

convex mirror

cooling system cooling tower

copper

core

cork

corrode

corrosion

c 3d G3d: GO: GJJ,) CD ~ CD

G<.90

.

14

counter

::D GCilj=O')03 q_J03S:O')05G:O'J r a?030J:GQ)oo03G:O'J

~ ( e c e ('G) c::: ~ r;;:('

O(:oa~: Q')Q)3dblU()'y') ~UQ):GepC:3d'J:~~

c c c (' e c e

O')Q)O)<J5l",.3d06c: :Oo)G(;x)'Jc~'J:G:::>")'J ~uQ)O)

U~C1JJ )

~ (' ,

GEil06m:O~3dbpr ro:g

corrosive

coulomb

crude oil

covalent bonding

covalent compound critical point

critical pressure

crystallize cubic

crystal crystalline solid crystal lattice

cycloalkane cylinder

c gg

or e 0) C en ~O')'J

<cij2:G06:

roa3~§cBG:::>")'Jr ~8S:G6:>t:

c 0 c c 0 c (0 e 0 c c 0 )

o)O)(YJC"?3dOJrom;: otm36j)m'J<a;0)0)'tIl:

(;X) rot 31

cubic centimeter

curve

current

15

D

damage data

data bank data table

C' C'

3d~m3dC\)m~:

3d6lJ~3d(\)~~: :J3~:oo~:cxy):G:l)') 06i@ILOY.)

decomposition decomposition reaction define

decay deceleration

decibel

definite amount

demonstration denatured alcohol density deodorant

degree demonstrate

• C' C'

3di. 3d:)) mGqpmGoo:

derive

determine

•• •• <: c

«CD 1 «IDG<n:),)~

Wi:0~ WG~§8:

OO~:0~ WG~::D~ 03~OYJ

• ~ C' C'

~:~0'):))2

design detection

detector

16

·' ......• ,,~~.,."'.

diatomic element

00

OO'lOYJ

::D EiJ cS f9 ~

3dtij8: (lD03o~:)

S~

3doSO)~ ;Scr§9 ~.CD2:aY.>:G:xY.) 3doSO)~ ;&lcr§9 ~.Q)2:aY.>:G::D'J §81D8 3@03~

device

diagram diameter

. diamond diatomic

diesel

diesel engine diffraction diffuse

diffusion diffusivity digest digestion digit

dilute solution

C'

3d QY.) Gtij::D 2

3dQYJGflJ§8:

dip

dimension

diode

direct current

discovery dissociation

dissolve distance

C' Q C' C' C' o c

GICY.) coco Uj{: Q?ID <i'::D 2 G::D: C U) G::D'J 3d 't c: ~:

3<.l§&l (202~'J:§8:

C' C' C'

GqpOCGCDJ..)~

3d <'Y6-> 3d GO:

17

dope

double covalent bond

Go18:~§8:

'1 <:' •

GOIC:6>G9.

tiI.;.:x>~ I §i.Go:x>~ ar80jlGq)G:X>03dEifJ I ~:().)SGro:o 1:

distillation distilled water distribute

double-replacement reaction drag

dry cell

dry ice

e c c c <:'

,0000 (j0q)0q)~:

;Soo~ 3dro:d?: G'J a3fSi§ 8:

ductile

ductility dump

. dye dynamics

18

E

ear

earth

c

"'J:6)~

OJ~'JI G§E3:

eardrum

east

echo ecological

'- <::.

OOJC:A)

.

economical

ecology

effect

o ~ C' .

3da:m::A) (y)GEiPm~

Q:j(GOO: (G'Ja5G<6. 'r(!bo16:coG:A)'J)

effervescence

efficiency

C' .C' C' coC' 0 c

6)(Y)OJcrOJ <:Xt(Y)GO:G:D0 ~B:3dCty <:Xt6)OJ

C' ("C' C' C' C' 0

C\)2::0(Y)qtf GO:~C:qG::D0 ~B:3dC 3d~l:3daY.):

o C' C' •

or OJ 3d0: mOJO')

effort arm effort distance effort force

elasticity of a medium

egg yolk elasticity

electric capacity electric charge electric circuit

19

electric current electric energy electric field

electric furnace

electric generator electric motor

electric power electrical conductivity electrician

electricity

electrify electrochemical cell electrochemistry electrode

electrolysis

electrolyte

electrolyze

electromagnet electromagnetic electromagnetic' energy electromagnetic induction electromagnetic force

~('.o('(' c c

~ 0 0> 0):D C\( m ~ <;? ocoee co G::D0

c c • 0(' c c

q(JoO>o):D C\(m ~~:3dC

20

electromagnetic spectrum electromagnetic wave electromagnetism electro-motive force

eliminate

electron

electron affinity

electron arrangement electron cloud

electron pressure electron-dot diagram

electronic device

electronics

electronegative electroplate

electropositive electroscope

electrostatic force electrovalence .

element

elevator

21

emergency emit

endothermic reaction

emulsification

endothermic

energy source

c C'

~tOI:3dC

c ~ ~ c .... ~ c

~tOI:3dCGtpC:(\)eC:

C' c c

~tO!:3dC3droy

c ~r,:C' "T' C' c

<B to!: 3d C 19 Q) GO I 'r o C '1. C:

energy

energy conversion energy level

engine

engineer

equation equilibrium constant equipment

ester

c c 0 g C' 0<:-

Q)~Q)ooC?06c:~ 3dQ)Q)2 tOIOiJ~ 3dOfc:3dox)

o03o~:0iJ8

o03o~:o:u8~86f' GO?aY.)~§~: ~::l)lb.)~

C'

O~,)~C

g c r,;:~ C' C' C'

@0G0O(G0O')Oil3d19Q) O'Y)o~rotOl:Goo,)CG:l)')

c 0 0 C' c 0 C' C' 0

::>.Jm~Of.'t OfooC\(OG:l)') o'i)ooc:ooQ)~L:

~~§8:

entropy

environment

environmental analyst

enzyme

esterificati on

ethanol ethene

.... 0 C' c

3?::>.J ~ :G0O')G~.

3da3::>.J G~'J 03

ethane

22

ether

ethyl alcohol ethylene ethylene glycol ethyne evaporating dish evaporation evidence

exhaust

exhaust valve

exist

exothermic

exothermic reaction

experiment

experimental

experimental setup

explode

explosion

explosive

external circuit external-combustion engine extinguishing agent

eye eyewash

(' 3d::Oroc:

o ('

3dG~. qj~(Y)

3dG~o~@~:

c 3dGOYJ 0') 3dCX:y.:>:

('0

"tIO')eD

"tIa§so? Gro:G§~~ .~:G:)')'J Gro:~

23

F

family farad

<' <'

3d~OJ3dmro

~ C' c ~ c C' 0<'

3dG~c:'lc:! Grg:>(),,)G<.9"Jro~:

8::DC>:~' 4Jl:~8: Uio)! 3fo~ (Q00()

fact

factor

farsightedness fat

fatty acid feldspar fertilizer

fiber

C' C'C' "I c

<.9 oo co 3 CD 0 I Q') O')::::D ~l

G'JoSG§§@0

3d~8

fiberglass filament

fiber optics

flash light flash tube

9 1:'.01:'

G: GaY.) C a, C G::::D'J

3d G::D 4JoS aYJ: G::::DC> CD 03 ~ :

<'<'( I:' 1:'. 1:'9

(9mOJ~ OJCGGp06c::q:G::::D'J 3dmC:9:1 QmO')')

C' 01:' C' 9)

OC:c:o~~ mC:G:)")'JG:

1:'.0 I:' C'. c 0(-

G')O')<fE\)OJGp06c::q:G::DC> amO')') oc:oo~9P

C 9 01:'

mC:G::::DC> G:3dG

c o c C9

co (y),. 0 G') 0') G:

fireproof fixed pulley flash

. flash lamp

flashbulb

flame

24

focal length

flammable flammability fluid

fluid friction

fluid pressure fluorescence

fluorescent

fluorescent light fluorine

focal point focus

force

force of attraction

fractionating tower

force of repulsion formation

fossil fossil fuel

fraction

fractional distillation

fractionate

25

frame of reference

francium

freon

frequency

frequency modulation free fall

freeze freezing freezing point

freezing point depression

friction

friction tape

frictional

fructose

fuel

fulcrum

function

fundamental fundamental tone

funnel

fuse

fusion reaction

Q co ( 00 0 co co

<9'l~' m,,?~<9c){'JO'Y)g"3d06m

d.>~cS)

@3~t~:

G'l~J?~8:d? @3~t~:G[p8:~ :).)Gif.>oo[2§8:

co o c ( Q • ~ )

<9'l()0(.Q) 3d:)'):3d,'i 'lG::U0 =rs=

Gcoo6Q)0

co c c ...... \ c <:' c

O?OOI G~c:()O)~ (\)2:)')~3d'i0)

"CO c C' C' C'

C\?UCtf:1 C:O~:GOO0C:)')~O)')O'

3dG§~O:UG::U0

3dG§~O:UG:U0 :D®2

mGCIY? «:G()l8:::u~

Q '1<:' C' ~(' c

ouIL:mro:0Y):G0 I c:Q)2 :~l9Q)Q)2

26

G

galaxy .gallium galvanometer

<: Q <:(~ c c

no')c\)OJ~8oCDC

gamma decay gamma ray

gas

gas law

c q~ c

n~<nGspct3~

G'Jct,G<6.

gaseous gasoline gasoline engine

c ,,0 r,::<: c c c

G'J OJ G<6. O? J..{ • ~ Q) G::D0 I G'J OJ G<6. 3;;l ~ C GC;X)0 C G:::D0 .

G'J~~

geyser glass glucose glycerin glycerol goggles

generator

Geiger counter

geothermal geothermal energy

germanium

27

gold

graduated graduated cylinder grapefruit

graph

gram

gram equivalent mass gram molecular volume granite

gravitation

gravitational potential energy ~ravity

grease

Greek atomic model

greenhouse

ground state

group

groups of elements

gypsum

G~

3d rrcJ5 3d:)')0: ~ 8: §0: CO'J: G:)')0

3d rr cJ5 3d:)')0: ~ 8 :§0: CO'J: G:)')0 so (\)8 31 [H ~

r:::C' 'r:::(' 0(' C' C' c ljo~~h3c:o:qc'1? 3dO')~~~:3dC

m~a~3d'):1 §8~3d'):

G<W~

28

H

handle

half-life

half-reaction halogen

halogen derivative hard water

hardware

harmless

hammer

harmonic

heat

heat conductor

heat energy heat engine heat of fusion

heat transfer heating curve

heat of vaporization

29

heating system heavy metal height

helium

hertz

heterogeneous heterogeneous matter heterogeneous mixture hologram

holography

homogeneous homogeneous matter homogeneous mixture horizontal axis horsepower

hot water heating system hydraulics

hydrocarbon hydrochloric acid hydrogen hydroelectric hydrogen chloride hydrogen fluoride hydrogen gas

30

hydrogen ion hydrogen peroxide hydronium ion hydroxide ion hydroxyle hydroxyle group hypothesis

o e 0 c o e e

U(m3EiJ<lJc 3fc:4il,:

o?oS3~<lJt ul G'PoS~~

o ~ o s c 0 e e

t1{m3EiJ, ro~ 3fc: 'l.':

31

ideal ideal gas

idealmecharncaladvantage

identify

ice

illuminance

illuminated object illuminate

illunnination

illusion image. imagine immerse

immersion

impossible impulse

impurity incandescent light

incident incident impulse

I

.~ .

Q)l91 I'J)CXY.>:

';'OO':>:Q')~G~. (Q0cr3G~.'UY.)~a? a?05,0G:)'),) Q0cr3G~J

• e c::: c ( c e 0 e Q) 00':>: Q) CD ~1I coo 'l~ 3d'J :O')~CD 0, OfoOf :),)00

rrcr3CXY.>:G:D') . ~op~GO:OOy~. G~. '1.; ~:'l. G:Q') 3d~~GO: 3d~l:)

o c c c

3dG:ijl:3d~~ G(g'):l)~

. "

G'l.~

G:ij03,')@e oo~®~ ooOjl'~~~UnGoT CY.ijG&p03

e Q c:'c:'

ccoo 3dcuc:Q):QJc:~,:

Q <:' .

~:aa':CXY.>:G::D,) ~'P0~l

e e c Q <:' c

3dcuc:G&pCG()::)')~ I ~:aa,:::>.J~

.Q c r.::c:. c e 'T' c

=s=e= 3dcuc:G&pc GOI ~CD&p G,'P

oa~:G:)'),) sn~/ 3d§8/ 3dGoa:3dG~T

<:,,, 0 cr.::<:'

3d'12oo~. 'l'J)l5c:

~§~~eG:).)I)

C C

06;:3d':>:' Gq>GQY.)~

32

indirect evidence indium

incident wave

inclined plane

index of refraction

indicate

indication indicator

c e ChI:' c

3dC30)~8()Q)c

induction field

individual .

induction

induction coil

inductive reactance

inner ear

industrial waste

inert gas (noble gas)

inertia

inertial

ingredient infrared ray

infrared sensor

initiator

inorganic chemistry

33

input

input device

insect

insert

instant

instrument

insulation

insulator

insoluble

insoluble substance intake valve

integrated circuit

intensity

interface

interference

internal-combustion engine internal energy

interval

invent

mverse

inversely invert

(C C

~c::J.)2

<1Ja3~8:

c c c

3d06c:~~:3dc

[S:>:0J0CD

34

investigate investigation invisible spectrum iodine

OC'O C'~C' C'

3fc3f3c:8°O)c

ion-product

IOn

isotope

C' C' C' C' C' C' C'

3d :).,)'): 00 C ~ 0 0)0) 3d'): GOO') C 3d CD 0') e-~: t <;

C' C'

OO')::D roG::D,)

C' C' C' C'C' C' C' C' C' C'

00 ~ '<"'-lJ coo co ~ 00) 0) G') 0) GOO') C 3d 0) me- to) Y

3d§:>:~ 00070)2=

C' .C'C' C' C' C' c '1 C'

3d:)'),):ooc ~OO)O)G')O')Gro')c 3dmooe-'={P:OI:»~

§OGo16:

C'C' C' C' C'C' C'

~oO)O)oomGO:O,)c Gqpoco~~:

c c C' c c C' C' r,:: C'

3d:).)'):mc ~oo)o)G'JmGro')c 3'dmme-'={P: ~O)

Go'f§6:

OC' C' r,::C' C' C'

3fC:~4':~O) ~e-:3'dC

~O(l)J;Goo')6 3d03a:H~3d§J; OJ(:G@-:>6::»~ ::D§(0)6

a C' OC'

co G3'd0 m ~ 3

@~G~6:~ ~6'J.G:)'),)

OC' 0 ('1 C' ~C' C' C'

3fCo:q~ OIOCG:»,) 80(l)C(\)~:0(1 o~mO(

C' C' C' 0

G:)')0(\)~: <?C1D:)..)<6?e-~G:»0 3d6p0'&'l J Y

C' C'a'1 C' rn C' C'r;::C' • '1 C' ........

3d (Y)me-4' 0 I mo(l9: 3dmme-8 0ot~ 0 10') 06C\d

C' C' C'

G~:D2i 3dCDo)~

lome

ionic bonding

ionic compound

ionic solute

ionization

ionization energy

. .

IOmZe

Iron

iron oxide

irreversible

Isomer

35

J

jet fuel jet plane jewelry joule

joule per second

~ ~

CD oooco 'l.004>0

C' (~ c c c 0 O~

<1lll:ro ~~:3qC'9 3dor0n':( O(C:CYX>GXl0

c C' 0 c ..... \ C' c

O')O)<J?i.06c arc :O)'J~9.GXl0 'lIIL:CD Uj(i 0)

c

3daaOO

K

kelvin scale

kilogram kilometer

• 9

=n=

oa~@[lQ')01 (\)05,80)0-51

C'

G::D0 c,)C\{(y.H:~r:

Q 0 C'

morn'lbl

kerosene

keyboard

kilowatt

Q 0 C'

moroO')

kinetic energy kinetics

C' c C' c

~00)0)~9:~:~iO)

§8cq (~J X10-5G'ra33d0:d? <X?ISc\']IL~~ O~l O')y (~J O~l~: G~.<X?J0:~ GC\?c\y'):>':>~

°2::0

C' C'

=s. ~9:3qC

G~.<X?J0:GiG:)')0 o~lO')~ (~J o<&?l~:3dGoT

C' ... c. .(' C'

~::).) 0') G6p (Y) 't GC\?C\Y.):).) ~ 020 '1.0

kilowatt-hour

kinematics

36

krypton

37

laboratory

land pollution land reclamation

laser

lattice launch law

law of conservation of energy law of conservation of mass law of conservation of

momentum law of motion

law of reflection

law of universal gravitation lead

length

lens

level

lever liberate

lift

light light bulb

light bulb socket

L

~~ c ... c c c

C\fOC~:G):X>~1 G(\)OO~O')Q')c:X>23

20G81 'OY.)~

3dC\{p: 'i~~~:

3dG;3dcxY.:>:t 3dOO~'P~:1 3d~8:3do:n

38

light energy light metal lightning lightweight light-year lignin lignite

lime

co co C'

3dc\)C:~bl:3dC

Gol 01 :G:).J'):J.)O')l

• O?

C' g C'r;:: C'

C'2IoO):romBc:

GO} 01 :G:).JI) 3dG(\):~~

linear

limestone

lip lipid liquid

liquid crystal liquid solution liquor

liter

lithium

C' ('

':ilenfiH:~:

~I 3d~0108G:J.)1) §oGo18:

3d~

g ( c c OC: C')

CD (])I) 3d 'l~ CX( co ~ 0( c: OYJ G:).JI) Ojl ~ 0)

litmus paper lodestone

litmus

log

longitudinal wave loudness

• 0 c c C' 0(' •

:).J ~ OJ G'.) en GOO') C G:J.)I) co ~l \l c: 0(:

C' • c c C'

:J.) 0) 0.?: I 'f en en bl: 0)1) 3f 0

loudspeaker

39

low

~~G::D'J

~oS~~: 1~:G3d'J8 ~:G::D'J ~~, GctP~

lubricant luminous flux

luminous object lunar

lunar module

lye

40

M

machine

mammemory

magnesium magnesium carbonate magnesium chloride magnet

magnetic

magnetic 'domain magnetic field magnetic flux magnetic induction magnetic line of force magnetic pole magnetic variation magnetism

magnetite

magneto electric

GQ <:'~~ c

eg'f@OJ(;}8U(l)C

(;}g~~().)~ (y)')~~~05

.0<:'

::DC\(OJ

• 0 c c c

::D C\( OJ 00 O?GOO0 C G::D0

• 0 c <:' ~<:'

::D C\f OJ 00 O? 8 c: 3d'):

mechanical energy medicine

c 0 <:' ( • c O~ 0)

(;} g 'f OJ O{OJ ::D G3d0 OJ c:q 3 O?'-UL:

• 0 <:' c Co:<:' c c c q;:c c c

::DC\(OJ~~:3d'):~~ ~U(l)(l)CX(O?C\(U~C:i-~ UO?

c ::DOJG::D0

c c C'

(l)m~e:3dc

Goo:ol:

medicine cabinet

medicine dropper medium

C' C' ~<:'

Goo:3d(l)m~::D2f ld'f

~(\)u53d(\)051 §:~G9~

41

melting melting point

mercury metal

C' C' C'

3df>J.~ Gqp"jO?

<j~~ar31 oai§llO'Y)068 ~ GO{-)(5 q'J Gcf q'J

~C'.o C'

(\)13~:'?~ '112 :G0'6:

@31:§0a:>8

memory

memscus curve

methane

metallic bond metalloid

metallurgy methanol

methyl butylacetate methyl chloride methyl orange

methanoic acid

meter

C'OC' C' 0 C'. C'

~m::A(c:(\) (\)G~Gq'Jc

~O'Y)

meterstick

g OC'.

~O'Y)O(c:.O?

middle ear

metric ruler

metric system

mica

microprocessor

microscope microwave

42

milligram milliliter. milliJlleter mineral mineral water

e e ~ e ~.~. c

C7'.) Q)~O)') C'III O?Q) Gc::xY.)C « 0?Ci>« ~cqp: 0(" Q)

Ql)03 XJ <65L

minimum

C' C', ~~~..s C'. c

X> OJ'J 0 3;;l 'loo e: : GO'Y.>C : I <9, 0::>: ~ C\) e: : GO')') C :

C' ,., c ~

e?O?ro'J:fc:tP: 01 OCG'J.J~ G'l

3a'~:~:1 3a~~~:

X> <65LWGgG'l:

'Ii

mining mirror

modem atomic model modulation

mole

miscible liquid

mix mixture

model

moderator

monomer

C' c • 0 C' o c e 0 ~ <' ..

~oQ)Q):X>C\(o?~c: <?C1D:>.J ~ GlPc =s

r;:e C' 0 <' r.::c:.- ,., c c c::: c ('~

e-= ~. ~H'?Q') t30GO I c:Q')Q)~~lI (")'l(:)G(90~IL(\)')

0('

3';) Gro:Qij,

('~e e ('('

G~roO:Ull:,~00'):l)O?G:l:)0

G~03011IL:~.Ci)~:<? ~G:n,~:

G~05O:Ull:§8<X?

C'~1i\) (' c <'r,;:;<' ,.,(' c

G~coroO(:<9roCi)OCi)e::~9 GOI c:Q)~:0y):G:J.)0

e e c 0 c c c )

3;;lOOQ')~ ;Ci)~ ~. ~U{Q') 3doooo(:)3d'={P=

3dt.rt4

G::>.:>:c05G:).)') G~03O:Ull:

G~O)')

molecular molecular formula molecular mass molecule

momentum

. motor

43

motion G~.cqp:~
motor vehicle c c c
G9'J GO'YJ (J.Y.) 2
movable pulley 0(' <:' 9
G~. cqp=iCG:)'),). Q)rYJ::O:
mud .
~.
G
mUSiC GO): 00')
musical instrument 0
0(<l)_UY) 44

N

natural

natural frequency natural gas

natural magnet nearsightedness nagetive acceleration

~~:~~CfY.) (O?~aCfY.)®~ ::u~:O?SGcx:y')(~~ O')~~ ~~~)

c c c

~m(9::D(\)c:

'1<: c c C'

~0GOlI c:t9oooG::umG::U')

::U:D00@~G::U0

r,::g C' C'

::U:D,)o~~l1cf:

nanometer

naphthalene nasal

neon

neon light net force

Q C'Q c C'

., oa ~ ~: 3d(\) c: Gt;p c

neutron

net potential neutral

neutral solution

neutralization

neutralize

newton

nickel

c c C'~C' c

.,1D(D()")CD8°O)c

45

noise pollution nonelectroyte nonmetal

nichrome

nitration

nitrate

nitric acid

nitrogen nitrogen family nitrogen oxide nitrous acid

node

noble metal

noble gas

noise

nonpolar

. <:'0 e c C C c e C c

oC,;):«B;:~t.qQ')G:)')01 00;. CXUcO') m~oO)O)G"JO')

c

(dG<D0 C G::D0

c c c C(' ('0 ce

oo;.cxuc::oro ~oo)o)G'J0')(d~G::D0 G~C\)Oilll:

nonpolar molecule nonpolar solute

normal

nonpolar solvent

nonrenewable resource

north

46

north magnetic pole north pole

n-type semiconductor

nuclear

o c c c c

n 3d'=tll:~oY): Q')omQ')q]ro ~o~:0'l?~:

(negative ~8Q)Q;GOO08:).)~)

Q c C C

"lll:roro:OYJ:,.<t OQ'):).)roGJJ0

nuclear power nuclear power plant nuclear radiation

nuclear bullet

nuclear chain reaction

nuclear energy nuclear fission nuclear fusion

nuclear waste

Q C cr::::. c cr::: C

&Jll:mro:OYJ: G0Q')G6pc 15~ came c:

«\Jll:roa3:OYJ: [§aa Go18:Q)~:~ §Q;Q)2 <:ltlll:roa3:OYJ: G0~Go18:~

Q C C c/ c C

~ll:roC\):OYJ: ~i. oQ)0'l?~: G::n:06ro0'l?~:

nuclear reaction

nuclear reactor

nucleus

nutrient

47

o

observe

obey

observation

observatory

odor

Ohm's law

C ( C C'. 0 C C')

3f~: ~OQ)<D~Q~ cqC:G:l)') Ujl,<D

3f ~: ~ ().Y.) ~

ohm

oil

oil shale

orange orbit

opaque

opaque substance optical

optical axis optical fiber

optical instrument optical rotation

organic

orbital motion

ore

48

· .

ongm

oscillation

... c c c

G3d00;ID 3dOO®0

crn c "I c c c c

OYJca;8UGUI C:,C;UO')::DOOG:A:>,) G0O(Gtl3

OY.>ca,,~~8::Dt2 §oGu18:

3dIDI 'ir(\)

organic acid organic chemistry organic compound

oxalic acid oxidation number

oscillate

oscilloscope

out ear

outermost

output

output device overload

overlook·

overtone

oxidizing agent

C o c '( c c c Q c

G3noooxr3 3d'P0«6?L0)0~tc; G3d')ro;;:O<1]c 'Jl=

Gu18:~ §SC\Y.)G:)'),) (38Gu18:)

C' 0 C' r:;: c 0 C' G3d0rooxr 3~0)4CG:)'),)

coo c (,'

G')O')Of=4CG:)'),) u2~:

oxide

oxidic

ozone

oxygen oxygen family

49

so

p

palm parabola parabolic pascal

parallel circuit parallel connection partial

particle accelerator

particle theory of light path

pendulum perform perfumer perimeter

pattern peat

C' C' C' C'

OYJ0cf COC,,):GOO0C:A) ~

periodic table

period periodic law

51

permanent magnet pesticide

petrochemical product . petroleum

petrolic

phase

phase-change diagram phase of matter phenolphthalein phenol

phenomena phenomenon

• C' C' o c •

G9.~ 1- <:::D OJ ~ C G:J.J01 G9.~ 'r9.G:J.J0

~ C' 'i'. C'

OJWI ~Q)GOI G:J.J03doo<;

3dG§3dG~ G[gJt:ro~3dOO~ Gc.9'3@@OY.): 88C81~ @SGoT G:J.J0 3doo~

Q C' C' 0

.~ G~0 (\):J.J (\) c: ~: GOO:

phosphor phosphorus photoelectric

pH paper

pH scale

photoelectric effect photoflash

photon

C'. C'C'r,::C" C"

G<9? 0) 0) (9 9.00) 80 0) C

3d(\)8:GEip8G~~ §&;GoT:J.J~ ~80)&;3d~l:3d'):

C" C' C'

ot <: OO'):J.J co G:J.J0

C' C' C' 0 0 C'

3d co c: ~00)0) 3d rr.:m: 3d') ~ :J.J C

photosynthesis photovoltaic

52

physical change physical property physical science

photovoltaic cell

physicist physics pickle picture pigment piston

planet plasma plastic platelet platinum plot

pitch

pitchblende

c c

oroOQ)O)Q)

polar molecule polar solvent

oeo 3droU~G::D0

c o c c o c c c c c c c

0'f~:~~:~c;~CG::D01 (;'()cf.IT.{Jc::nm~o[)Q)G'Jo)

c GOO0CG::D0

c c c c c c c c 9

oocf.IT.{Jc::nm ~OQ)Q)G')o)Gr00C G~(\)IT.{Jll:

poisonous polar

53

polarity

polarity of water molecule

polarizer

pole pollutant pollute pollution polonium polyatomic

polyatomic ion

polymer

polymer chemistry polymerization

position positive

positive charge potassium potassium chlorate potassium hydroxide potential

potential difference

c c c c c

~tDGro::).)~ I ~O)~~::).)~

~&;~~:~ (20~ - Grocxr/ GEilO? ~&;~~:~)

o c o ~. 0 c c O~

C(O')mQ)O)~ urm3G'rm~3

~ ~o~ ~ 0

cg ~: GOO') c ~ c ~~: 3d coot 3d (\)'J ~ G::>.:I0

54

potential energy

pour

power powder precaution precipitant precipitate precipitation

precise predict prediction

pressure

prill

primary coil primary color primary pigment principle principal axis principal focus

principle of superposition

pnsm product projectile

3d~~.

~(1)8 ::Dd5~~

O?O?:~1 oorot31~3d& 'itc\)~:G§

55

projectile motion

propane

propene

property of matter proportional proportional constant protein

proton

proton acceptor proton donor protractor

p-type semiconductor

o c c

0'J0~ :G0CJ)G~.

r:::: c ~ c 0 lj 0«811 <{ an ::D <6?

3d clIL:a:uG::D0 .

o 0<'

3dftlL:a:u m~:G::D

o 0 <:' (' <')

o'J Cf)~: 3d::D0:Q0CJ)

0,. c C'

°'J06~3d~~

o c c c c

P 3()'=ill:3dQY): roomm<iJm. ~00j{:0~~:

(positive G0oSGOO0~)

"

pulley

pulley system pulse

pump

pure substance purity

<:' <'

Gqoroo.>ro

::D~.o.>~G::D0 3()spo~L

56

Q

quality

quanta

quantitative quantitative analysis

qualitative qualitative analysis

quantity quantize

quantum mechanics

C'. C'OC' OC'

3dG:X>:,cU)~:~oCfc:~cEiP°<:y'>C1D'iP:

O<:Y.>C1D3d0:§9 G~@,8G:00

3dEiP0<6?l (~J §cSG4oaa8 olo8:o~ G')~o~m

o 0(' C' ~C'

or O(c:O'Y.)~~GQ):l3c:

o~m

quartz quotient

c C' 9 09 0 • ('

0'690')9:0 3f 'lor 3d:>.t: s= 2

§6<iJ0:®l 3d030')~;9 G9803m~<iJ0: [Sio.r6

C'.o ,C' C'

. OjloW:«Of GC\?c\x):O~ %'1.0

,(, ('

co OJ c: GCY:iPm

qy):C\)')~ (:o4P)

57

racetrack

radar

radiant electric system radiant hot water system radiation

radio

radio communication

radio wave

radioactive

radioacti vi ty radioactive decay radioactive element

radioactive waste

radioisotope

radium

radon

rainbow

random

random motion

range rarefaction

R

58

rare earth metal rare metal

w:u1:GJ.YJ G§[30<D8 W:u1:G:J.J,) G§:J.Jgsl W:u1 :G:J.J,) :Dgsl

rare-earth element

reactant

ratio

ray

ray optics

razor

razor blade

react

real image

reaction

reaction mechanism

reaction rate

reactor

reagent

real

rearrange rebound

receiver

recognize rectangular solid rectifier

59

recycle

red blood cell

rectify

redox reaction

Q ... C'

G:l6:'f2°Oro

G0~07: G0~GCXU? G'J~@_§8:

C' C' ( C'Q C' C' C' C' )

G'J 0') Gcqj? 0 ~ 2 : G3d0 OJ (l) f{jc (9 co CX( 0') 0 ~ 2:

reducing agent reducing flame reduction

reflux

reduction potential

refine

refining reflected wave

reflecting telescope reflection

refracting telescope reference point refrigerant refrigerator refrigerator system regeneration

refraction

regualr reflection

60

remain

regular solid relate relationship relativity

relatively release

remove

3;;)~c5:

C' C'

(9U)W::))~

remainder

repeat repel

residue

represent repulsion

resistance

resist

resistance arm

C' •

cococo

resistance distance

resolve

resistance force

resistor

61

reverberation

C'~(' ~('"

3doom~l9O? Gtr->c:roG~G:)')'J

00

(6)_OY.>

(' . C' g C'

~2 :~m~ C){uW:~

(9@0:~:

resonance

respiration

result

resultant

retain

reverberate

rheostat

rhythm

ribbon rocket

roll

rolling friction rubber rubidium

ruby laser

rust

62

s

saccharose ( = sucrose) safety

safety goggles safety procedure sal soda salicylate salicylic acid

C' o .«

3d~3dcn

o x ~ ~:6)'J. =rs=

G:J.>:3d ~ 'PoSa?~~

sac

saliva

QQ C' C'C'( C' C' oC'"

Q:)'JC\)Q:)C\)Q) 3;;I()')0)0) 3;;I()')0)0'lc 3d0{(),)3d6)-

GypoSGoo:ol G'J~)

OOG0;3:

salt

salt bridge

scale

sandstone saturated

saturated solution

saturated fat

saturated hydrocarbon sawdust

scaffold

scent

63

scientific method scientific theory scientist

science

scientific fact

scientific measurement

SCIssors

screw

o <:' ~OYJ I 09') on:

o053ir

screen

screwdriver

<:' ....

om3irOf.

sea of electrons

sea level -

seal

second

secondary secondary coil secondary pigment segment

selenium

o

~OO().)

~d3O)oo~(9SG:D,)1 0060ge(9SG:lJ,)

<:,. <:'~ c

0')0096) G'Pcl5O)

3d0003q6:

sense of taste

C' 99 <:'f'~C' C'

ro().)(\)~U)~l3UO>C

c .~ e <:

O')omooqJm ~U"2:Ui~:

3'd§63d'J~

3d~.3d"J~

3d q :»1)3d')~

semiconductor

sense of sight sense of smell

sensitive

sense of touch

64

sewage shadow shale shampoo shape share

short circuit

sensor

separate

senes

series circuit

series-parallel circuit

0('

3dqo

G6l.P~cA[9: 3d~~:~olG:)')0 3d~2a:uGotr03

'1(' c e

Gelc:G~6)2

significant significant digit silicon

('Q c C' 0

G0 Cf)!l): 0 co (\)~: 0(

3dGq:o 1 G:).)0

'1 c 0(' c

3dGq:OI:).)~ ro~:()m~:

silicon chip silk

silt

silver

silver nitrate

simple harmonic motion simple machine simplify

single replacement

0(' G~OO0(\)~3

3d:D®~ 3d~''t~ 3d~l:~ O(~el~

silver sulfide

65

single-slit diffraction sink

Size

sme

sliding friction slippery

slit

slope

smog smooth

soap soda

C'

G~ s= G:)')'J

008[0 eq31

sodium

sodium fluoride sodium hydroxide sodium nitrate

09 c 0 C' C' 0 C'C'

OX( 3 OJ~urro3G9JroOX(m 3

solar

sodium sulfide sodium vapor lamp soft water

soft coal

software

sol

66

solar cell

solar collector

solar energy

solar heating system solid

solid waste

solidify soliquoid soluble

solubility solubility curve

solubility product constant soluble compound

solute

solution

solvent

sonar

sonic boom

sound

sound navigation and ranging

sour

south

south magnetic pole

(' c c C::OC:: c

3d9.~06c GqpOCtC~~: ()~m

3d9.~068 Gqpo8t8~~: 'il2:G06!

.

3d:),)

67

south pole soybean space shuttle spark plug

,0 c: ()t)0)()

specific heat

('. c

3d') O'YJ::D ~ 'f: <{I OY.) 2

c c g r,;: c 'i' c c c:: 0 c

~oO)O)~:<J0: t!lo)G() I Go)G::D0 O'YJ:~CCijC~1 ~O)()")

oc:

=v=

oc: ('

3d ~ ::D o ::D 2: (;XJ

spectroscopy spectrum speed

spill

spiral spinoff

spectrometer

spectroscope

spontaneous

split

stalagmite

spnng stability stabilizer stable nucleus

stain

stainless steel

stalactite

68

standard condition

standard electrode potential standard solution

standing wave starch

static

static electricity steam

steam engine

steam heating system steel

step-down transformer step-up transformer sterling silver

stir

stirring rod stomach

stopper stopwatch storage tank: strength strip mining strontium strong acid strong base

.D(X)'J:~G§~G"

~8G6l T 'i ~SGO T G:)'),) a,CXY):CS?J8~S~.~:

~rn c 0 c cn~LS~c)?c:

~f".Q~ c c

cn~LS~~oO)O)

G'l.Gg:G9.

. ~

G'l.Gg: G£. ~:::At: 0) co

G'l.G'6:G£.~~ ~C(Go:O)"S

• 0

:)')~CIlJ

c c c ~~ C' ~ c

~oO)O)06":3d'J: ~~O')CGO:G:lJ,) co9.~o)GOO~

0)0Y)ro8G9 (SJ{) 6p~~:G9c}~ G§:i:D<6?l0)8)

o ~ 0 ~ . g

<:ij., at CO.,0 '1.

o C' C'

:.At GC\jYJ C 6p 0) ~

c: C'

~cf3d'J: I ~C3d'J:

~GoT oJG§~(905W:~ :lJg;>lOf(:G~§8:

c g c:r:::~ c

O)roG~C cn().)~80o)c

3d'J:§8: ~crlO)~ 3d'J:@8: G~S

69

strong force sDnucruralfornaula subatomic particle sublimation

sublime

subscript

substance

substituted hydrocarbon

sucrose

suction

sugar sugar cube

sulfur

sulfuric acid

sun

supercomputer

superheated liquid superposition

supersaturated

supersaturated solution

c c c c c

3dooOJ~oomc(),)G:nt) 3d~cf

3d61~~~SGoT Ga>::D 3d&~3dG£.1 3dG<lj.'j3d& 3dG§

o ~ c Q(' r,;:C' c

3dGcf::A{. O(?:G@C!13c: e=e

3d61~~@SGa>::D 3d&~3dG£.I 3dG£.<:j3d& 3dG§3dGt

~ C', C'

G@c:c\)G~::D~

E , c c 0 C' c

::DGOOOJ OJ'f~1 G3d0m(9CY)::A{. ~t)X)CY)06c G61:

c: ('

::Dt): CO') : ::D 21 3d ~ OJ 3d::Dt):

3dG'po~L

o oc:o c

3d!Il0: CXf: CO'): G::D'J or co 3 ~ CY)'J~ t

~:f)~.cB::D~:

r;::; c C' rot) CD (90l_j 0 ID C

70

supersomc surface activity surface area surface tension

suspend

(' (' C

oeno..,:O'1]c

3d~~'{P: en~~~en~ ~G'Po) 3d~c00(?8 ~8:

G~~~ 3dG§3dG..,

c c . c ,,(, c" c

3d~~C: 3d~~ ~G'P:Y) 3d~~~: 3d~CX)06c

0(' c

~c:G"':),)~

o c c c

o'iJ O?O('m ~~GQ'.)::).) ~

:)')GdJen

surrounding suspension

survey symbol symmetrical synchrotron

systematic. systematic method

synthesis reaction synthetic synthetic element synthetic fiber

71

T

tank

tar

technologist technology

telephone communicaiton telescope

tellurium

tar sand

tartric acid

c g ~r.::: c c

0') co ~ 6)_().) ~ 8 0 CD C

temporary magnet tendency

tensile

O~

~){Etl4>

~)(~~ G@':>8:@~ ~:<D8:§8:

g • a C'

().Y.) ().) :AJ C\( m

temperature temperature inversion

tension

,C'o~ C' '0C'

~ <D4>. tC G:)'),) r 4> 4>:~ tCG:)'),)

0)8:~~

test tube holder

terminal velocity test tube

test tube rack

tetrachloride

c 00 ~C'

O)mCX)~mor~m3

tetrachloroethane

c 00 C' 0C'

O)mCX)~mor~3dm:).)~:

thallium

g C'r.::: c C'

:).)') coco ~ 8 0 CD C

72

thermoplastic thermostat

theory

thermal conductivity thermal diffusion thermal expansion thermal pollution

thermistor thermite

thermo ammeter

thermocouple thermoform thermometer thermonuclear reaction

thunder

o Q 0(' OQ 00

3dC\(3dGOWm 3d~OU'foo~: (),)~000

06~:3d0:

~:~~:::o

thrust

timbre

tidal power timber

tin

0('0(' Q

3d OU 'f O? co 'f0 Eil

:D§ll88o)(~

timer

titrate

(' ('0('

mc~ 3dGspc9:GOO:1 3d'f0002:fGOO:

Gyp~cO~ 3dspoS$'lolot~~ d?8:0'Y)J.)~

tincture

73.

titration

tone

toner

tool toothpick

torr

tower

toxic

toxic; chemical

tracer

transformer

transistor

transition metal

transition series

translucent translucent substance

transmitter

transmutation

transmutation of element

transparent

transparent substance

~ ~ ,0 '1 c 0 0(' e

Gqp'l2 0?<r0)~ ~'r0<&?lu I oc~O( O(c:O'Y.):).)~

t' c

1'2:Q)20?<r

~::>5 G~ ~:U CXYJ:

• 0 C Cj 0 ~. t'j c c 0

<t,Oll>ffi (:)~llrq:Q)ro:>..(: ec O'Y.)g;~;. 0?(::1Il:

c c 00

C\) m; OJ m 'lOY.)

~0:~:~:O)

C ( co )

GO'Y.>:'l ~;Il>(93d?:

G~Q)8

74

transuranium element

tubing

transverse

transverse wave

triode

triple covalent bond triple point

tuning fork

. ('

::00)2

3d::01S{ OlaSEi)_6:~

tune

tungsten turbine

o c c

O'Y.)~cO)m

twist

75

ultrasonic

ultrasonic sound

ultrasonic wave

ultrasonics

ultrasound ultraviolet

ultraviolet light ultraviolet radiation

ultraviolet ray unbalanced force uncertainty

. uniform

uniform acceleration

uniform motion

unit

universal gravitation universal solvent

unknown

unsaturated compound unsaturated hydrocarbon unsaturated solution

unstable nucleus

u

3d:UC003oatGJ.)01 ~~ ~0:3d0~§~ ~~:~8

GJ.)I)

C)(~ 91):3d0~§~ ~§:>:t8GJ.)0 3d:).)

g ~~~GJ.)03d0:

~GJ.)9.P BG9.EiP~

76

universe ([)~o~'J
upright . c ~§C: . ~c: 0 c:~c:
~ro~O') (9(l)G:)')'J I G3 C C\(()') (9(l)G:>.J0
upward J c 0
3dGO (9m~.
. g C:[3 c 'c
uramum Oil GEi).'f 0) '=» 3 0 (l) C
urea g
Oil Ei): ().)'J : 77

v

vacancy

vacuum

valid

vacuum cleaner

vacuum tube

valence

valence bond

valence electron

valence number

vapor

vapor pressure vaporizaiton

o 3dG~. (,93d0:

3dG~. 3d§~O(:G§:>~ :§~:

vaporize variable

vector

vector sum

vegetable oil velocity vertical axis

vibrate

vinegar violate

78

virtual virtual image viscosity viscous

.0 c: c

«EilOGO.Y.>C

G0:()')8~

viscous liquid visible spectrum

vitamin C

~c:o<" c c ~C4CGJ.)0 G6pc02

3d§8

c: c: Q

~CDO'Y.)~C 0

vision

vocal cord

• c: o c

3d::D it ~ ~ C GJ.)0

3d:D[S{~:

3dG<d. <-iI0603GJ.)01 3dG~8 :3dro§~G::D0

vocal

volatile volatility volatilize

volt

voltaic battery voltaic cell voltaic electricity voltmeter

o r,: c: c:~ c c c

l(.3d'):~~ GOOl9GJ.)'J q(!OCD006cf:3d'):

c: c c hC:

q(J 0 (I) 0 06 cf: 3d'): Gcqp. O':ijB C :

G'J0(Q'Ja3@§ 8:§~ . 0lJ8(I)~Q'J~<X2oSC\(8~,~

0<" .

~CG:)')0

<" c: c: Q

q(J 0 CD 0) ~ co co 'l

3d0:§~~8:~ ~'lGXl'J :n05ro~ G')O(Q')oS@_~G~~ §~GoT G::D'J ~00~G')oS

c c o i c c o c 00

~OO) CD C? roQ')3d') :O(c:m EilOY.)

voltage voltage drop voltaic

volume

79

warm air heating system

water

water gas water pollution

waterpower water vapor watt

wattage

wave

wave length wave mechanics

wave motion

wave theory of light wave velocity

weak acid

weak base

weak force

wedge weight

west

wet cell

w

0('

CJ(C:

oc: ('

CJ(C:3dcqjC

3d'):Gqp. 3da5~S

c 3d'): Gqp. G::y? e

3d'): Gqp. G~0 3d'):

(' c:

3d G'10 cr: 3d '1.0

C:,O ( c c 0 c o c c '1 c

G'Jo)Q~ C9Jo~~C\(mG~c!fc G~ 3d~ o I :x> 2i

G'JaSe)

80

wind power

wheel and axle white blood cell

wire gauze wood

work

work input work output

o c c c c

0( ro ext CDC\( U G::D0 3d C\(U

(g:G~a5G::D0 3dor0

81

x

Xray

xenon

Q ~~~ c

@~~80CDC

y

yeast

82

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