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The first piece I chose to examine for my HUM 205 Art Collection was an architecture piece from the Classical Greek period. It is the ancient Doric Temple entitled the Temple of Hera located in Olympia, Greece. Due to earthquake damage in 4th century A.D., it was destroyed and never rebuilt. However, its ruins have since been restored and stand in the location in which the World Olympic torch is lit. Also referred to as the Heraion, the structure is one of the first Doric temples in Greece and oldest peripteral temples in its place. The temple divided into three separate chambers included the pronaos, cella, and opisthodomos. The structure was built in 600 B.C. and the stylobate, or floor of the temple, measures at an amazing one hundred sixty four feet in length and sixty two feet in width. The immense size of the stylobate is a classic example of Doric architecture. Furthermore, the peripteros, or temple surrounded by columns, has a perimeter total of forty columns. Consistent to the time of its erection, the columns were originally made of wood. However, they were eventually replaced with stone materials and depict various styles as the replacements took place over differing time periods. Another temple feature representative of the ancient Greek architecture is the mudbrick superstructure present at the bottom of the Heraion walls. This structure was built to honor the goddess Hera. Hera still remains one of the most significant female deities of Greek religious belief. She was the goddess of
Its design is believed to be representative of two Roman theatres positioned back to back thereby creating an elliptical plan. The Coliseum is considered by many to be the most significant piece of imperial architecture and Roman engineering. Hera’s temple also held a large display table where the olive wreaths remained during the events of the original Olympic Games. It is the largest amphitheatre ever built and is situated in the center of the city of Rome. and the Queen to the Olympians. Both the podium and attic contain windows that are dispersed at even intervals. The arcades are embellished with half size columns representative of the Doric. and Corinthian . The surviving exterior wall façade is made of three stories of arcades. The second piece that I chose for my HUM 205 art collection was the infamous Roman Coliseum which would be categorized under the Roman Empire.2 marriage. Pausanias. In addition. Ionic. the wife to Zeus. that two statues were held in the cella of the temple depicting a standing Zeus and a seated Hera. Today the Olympian Archaeological Museum houses an archaic stone head believed to be the only remaining sample of the original statue of the goddess Hera. It was reported by the ancient world traveler. in which sits a podium and attic.
Regardless. due to the magnitude of spectators. vestibules.000 spectators while modern mathematical formulas find the number to be closer to 50. elevators. One entrance was reserved for the emperor and his staff and three entrances were assigned to the elitist class thereby leaving the remaining seventy six entrances for the general population. Needless to say. The arena was covered by a floor made of wood and covered in sand which sat above a large underground basement with various tunnels. or basement of the structure. the Coliseum was an engineering marvel of its time. and cages for housing the animals and gladiators before the events. It is believed that the hypogeum. .3 orders while the arches within the arcades featured statues of classical mythological deities. it the architects recognized the importance for filling and dismissing the crowds efficiently. Therefore. Furthermore. the Coliseum was also used to view a variety of barbaric and dramatic spectacles. and hydraulic systems used to hoist cages and props for surface release. in order to accommodate such a large number. Early records indicate that the Coliseum could hold up to 84. was equipped with a variety of mechanical pulleys. the amphitheatre consisted of eighty ground-level entrances. Most famous for its gladiator contests. the crowd was seated in tiered arrangement believed to be symbolic of the hierarchal structure of Roman society.000 individuals.
org/w/index. The Free Encyclopedia. 2009.php? title=Temple_of_Hera_(Olympia)&oldid=288957702 Roman Coliseum Colosseum.org/w/index. Retrieved on May 21. In Wikipedia. In Wikipedia. (2009. The Free Encyclopedia. 2009. from http://en.4 References Temple of Hera Temple of Hera (Olympia).wikipedia. May 16). (2009. from http://en.wikipedia. May 9).php?title=Colosseum&oldid =290339305 . Retrieved on May 21.