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1st law

2nd Law

## Let us consider a reversible adiabatic process;

T
; use this in 1st law equation above

2nd Law   =q

## From property relation, T; we get

So,

So, the work is valid for any reversible process, be it adiabatic or isothermal
But it has to be a SSSF process.

Then we get

Or

## Which is the Bernoulli equation

Use of Bernoulli equation in real life is shown in next slide for a housing pumping scheme
2
Housing pumping scheme
h2
0
h1
1 Z=0

A pumping scheme for a house is shown here where water from a sump is pumped up to 12m
and the pipe has gone into 1m in to the liquid level as shown. The pipe dia is 30mm and has a
roughness of 0.1mm. If the length of the pipe is 15m then what is flow rate through the pump. The
pump characteristic can be tread from the table.

## h2=12; h1=1; d=30*convert(mm,m);

eps=.1*convert(mm,m)
L=15; rho=998; mu=.001
hl=f*L*v*abs(v)/(2*d*g#)
re=rho*v*d/mu; epd=eps/d
f=moodychart(re, epd)
h2-h1+hl-hp+v^2/(2*g#)=0
hp=interpolate('hp', 'q', q=q)
q=pi*d^2*.25*v*convert(m^3/s, l/s)
Guess work in EES is too important here

## Guess for : f = .01, limit to be .001 to .5

Re = 1e5
Initially use interpolate1 as the function and then after obtaining a solution
Change the guess and then update to interpolate function and get the final solution.

## You may put v to be in the positive range for this case.

For other cases v may be –ve depending on sense so the range of
V should not be altered from default.