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Work done in a steady state steady flow process

  1st law

  2nd Law

  Let us consider a reversible adiabatic process;


  T
  ; use this in 1st law equation above
 

If now, we take a reversible isothermal process


  2nd Law   =q

  From property relation, T; we get


 
  So,

So, the work is valid for any reversible process, be it adiabatic or isothermal
But it has to be a SSSF process.

  If we consider a process in which w =0 and is constant or incompressible,


Then we get

 
Or

Which is the Bernoulli equation

Use of Bernoulli equation in real life is shown in next slide for a housing pumping scheme
2
Housing pumping scheme
h2
0
h1
1 Z=0

A pumping scheme for a house is shown here where water from a sump is pumped up to 12m
and the pipe has gone into 1m in to the liquid level as shown. The pipe dia is 30mm and has a
roughness of 0.1mm. If the length of the pipe is 15m then what is flow rate through the pump. The
pump characteristic can be tread from the table.

  Bernoulli between pt 0 and 1

  Bernoulli between 1 and 2

h2=12; h1=1; d=30*convert(mm,m);


eps=.1*convert(mm,m)
L=15; rho=998; mu=.001
hl=f*L*v*abs(v)/(2*d*g#)
re=rho*v*d/mu; epd=eps/d
f=moodychart(re, epd)
h2-h1+hl-hp+v^2/(2*g#)=0
hp=interpolate('hp', 'q', q=q)
q=pi*d^2*.25*v*convert(m^3/s, l/s)
Guess work in EES is too important here

Guess for : f = .01, limit to be .001 to .5


Re = 1e5
Initially use interpolate1 as the function and then after obtaining a solution
Change the guess and then update to interpolate function and get the final solution.

You may put v to be in the positive range for this case.


For other cases v may be –ve depending on sense so the range of
V should not be altered from default.