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TRANSPORTATION LAW

PART I – COMMON CARRIERS

CHAPTER 1 – GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

1. Definition of Contract of Transportation


2. Parties
a. Carriage of Passengers
 Baliwag Transit Corportation v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 80447, January 31,
1989
 Jesusa Vda. De Nueca v. The Manila Railroad Company, No. 31731-R, January
30, 1968;
b. Carriage of Goods
 Everett Steamship Corporation v. Court of Appeals, et al., No. 122494, October 8,
1998
 Mauro Ganzon v. Court of Appeals, et al., No. L-48757, May 30, 1988
3. Perfection
a. Aircraft
 British Airways v. Court of Appeals, No. 92288, February 9, 1993;
 Korean Airlines Co. Ltd. v. Court of Appeals, No. 114061, August 3, 1994;
b.Buses, Jeepneys, and Street Cars
 Dangwa Transportation Co., Inc. v. Court of Appeals, et al., No. 95582, October 7,
1991
c. Trains
 Jesusa Vda. De Nueca v. The Manila Railroad Company, No. 31731-R, January
30, 1968;
 Light Rail Transit Authority (LRTA), et al., v. Natividad, et al., No. 145804,
February 6, 2003
4. Common Carrier
 De Guzman v. Court of Appeals, No. L-47822
 Asia Lighterage and Shipping, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 147246, August
19, 2003
 Bascos v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 101089, April 7, 1993
 Fabre, Jr. v. Court of Appeals, No. 111127, July 26, 1996
 First Philippines Industrial Corporation v. Court of Appeals, 300 SCRA 66
 National Steel Corporation v. Court of Appeals, No. 112287, Dece,ber 12, 1997
 Sps. Cruz v. Sun Holidays, Inc., GR No. 186312, June 29, 2010
5. Test
 Vlasons Shipping Inc. v. Court of Appeals and National Steel Corporation, GR No.
L-112350, December 12, 1997
6. Characteristics
a. Broader Concept
 First Philippines Industrial Corporation v. Court of Appeals, 300 SCRA 66
 National Steel Corporation v. Court of Appeals, No. 112287, Dece,ber 12, 1997
b. Ancillary Business
 De Guzman v. Court of Appeals, No. L-47822

TRANSPORTATION LAW
Second (2ND) Semester, A.Y. 2017 – 2018
Atty. Jerueh L. Labro
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c. Limited Clientele
 Asia Lighterage and Shipping, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 147246, August
19, 2003
 Calvo v. UCPB General Insurance Co., GR No. 148946, March 19, 2002
 Phil. American Genreal Insurance Company, et al. v. PKS Shipping Company, GR
No. 149038, April 9, 2003
d. Means of Transportation
 First Philippines Industrial Corporation v. Court of Appeals, 300 SCRA 66
7. Effect of Charter Party
 Caltex (Phils.) v. Sulpicio Lines, 315 SCRA 709
 Cebu Salvage Corporation v. Philippine Home Assurance Corp., GR No. 150403,
January 25, 2007
 Home Insurance Co. v. American Steamship Agencies, Inc., No. L-25599, April 4,
1968
 Loadstar Shipping Co., Inc. Pioneer Asia Insurance Corp., G.R. No. 157481,
January 2006
 Planters Products, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, et al., GR No. 101503, September 5,
1993
 Tabacalera Insurance Co., et al., v. North Front Shippins Services, Inc. and Court
of Appeals, GR No. 119197, May 16, 1997
8. Common Carrier vs. Private Carrier
 Arada v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 98243, July 1, 1992
 Home Insurance Co. v. American Steamship Agencies, Inc., No. L-25599, April 4,
1968
 Planters Products, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, et al., GR No. 101503, September 5,
1993
 Valenzuela Hardwood and Industrial Supply v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No.
102316, June 30, 1997
9. Common Carrier vs. Other Contracts
a. Common Carrier vs. Towage
b. Common Carrier vs. Arrastre
c. Common Carrier vs. Stevedoring
d. Common Carrier vs. Travel Agency
 Crisostomo v. Court of Appeals, 409 SCRA 528
10. Tramp Service and Line Service
11. Governing Laws
a. Summary of Rules
 Eastern Shippine Lines, Inc. v. IAC and Development Insurance and Surety
Corp., GR No. L-69044, May 29, 1987
12. Nature of Business
13. Registered Owner Rule and Kabit System
a. Registration Laws
b. Registered Owner Rule
 BA Finance Corp. vs. CA, 215 SCRA 715
 Benedicto vs. IAC, 187 SCRA 547
 Equitable Leasing Corp. vs. Suyom, 388 SCRA 485
 Erezo, et al. vs. Jepte, 102 Phil. 103
 PCI Leasing and Finance, Inc. vs. UCPB General Insurance, Inc. 357 SCRA 141
 Villanueva vs. Domingo, 438 SCRA 485

TRANSPORTATION LAW
Second (2ND) Semester, A.Y. 2017 – 2018
Atty. Jerueh L. Labro
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c. Kabit System
 Abelardo Lim vs. CA, G.R. No. 125817, January 16, 2002
 Baliwag Transit, Inc. vs. CA, 147 SCRA 82
d. Pari Delicto Rule
 Lita Enterprises vs. IAC, 129 SCRA 79
 Teja Marketing vs. IAC, 148 SCRA 347
e. Aircrafts and Vessel
14. Boundary System

CHAPTER 2 – OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES

1. Obligation of the Carrier


a. Duty to Accept
 FC Fisher vs. Yangco Steamship Co., et al., 31 Phil. 1
 PAL v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 119706, March 4, 1996
b. Valid Grounds for Non-Acceptance
 Fisher v. Yangco Steamship Company et al., 80 CJS 1085
c. Duty to Deliver Goods
 Saludo, Jr. v. Court of Appeals, GR No. 95536, March 23, 1992
d. Consequences of Delay
 Maerskline vs. CA, 222 SCRA 108
 Saludo vs. CA, 207 SCRA 499
e. Rights of Passengers in Case of Delay
 Trans-Asia Shipping Lines, Inc. v. Court of Appeals and Arroyo, GR No.
118123, March 4, 1996
f. Place of Delivery
g. To whom delivered
h. Delay to transport Passengers
 Singson v. Court of Appeals and Cathay Pacific Airways, Inc., GR No. 119995,
November 18, 1997
2. Duty to Exercise Extraordinary Diligence
 Asian Terminals, Inc. v. First Lepanto-Taisho Insurance Corporation, G.R. No.
185964, June 16, 2014
 Compania Maritima vs. Insurance Co., 12 SCRA 213
 Eastern Shipping vs. CA, 234 SCRA 79
 Ganzon vs. CA, 161 SCRA 646
 Loadstar Shipping, Inc. v. Court of Appeals and Manila Insurance Co., Inc. , GR
No. 131621, September 28, 1999
 Macam vs. CA, 313 SCRA 77
 Philippines First Insurance Co., Inc. vs. Wallem Phils. Shipping, Inc., 582 SCRA
457
 Regional Container Lines vs. Netherlands Insurance Co., 598 SCRA 304
 Republic vs. Lorenzo Shipping Corp., 450 SCRA 551
 Rotterdam and the East Asiatic Co., Ltd. v. Glow Laks Enterprises, Ltd., G.R. No.
156330, November 19, 2014
 Servando vs. Philippine Steam Navigation Co., 117 SCRA 832
 The Philippine American General Insurance Co., Inc. v. Court of Appeals and
Felman Shipping Lines, GR No. 116940, June 11, 1997
a. Code of Commerce Provisions

TRANSPORTATION LAW
Second (2ND) Semester, A.Y. 2017 – 2018
Atty. Jerueh L. Labro
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 Loadstar Shipping Company and Loadstar International Shipping Company,
Incorporated v. Malayan Insurance Company, Incorporated, G.R. No. 185565,
November 26, 2014
b. Presumption of Negligence
 Bachelo Express Inc., et al. v. Court of Appeals, et al., GR No. 85691, July 31,
1990
 Baliwag Transit, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, et al., GR No. 116110, May 15, 1996
 Coastwise Lighterage Corporation v. Court of Appeals and Philippine General
Insurance Company, GR No. 114167, July 12, 1995
 Delsan Transportation Lines, Inc. vs. American Home Assurance Corp., 498
SCRA 603
 Diaz vs. CA, 496 SCRA 468
 Eastern Shipping Lines, Inc. v. BPI/MS Insurance Corp., and Mitsui Sumitomo
Insurance Co., Ltd, G.R. No. 182864, January 12, 2015
 Eastern Shipping Lines, Inc. vs. The Nisshin Fire and Marine Insurance Co,
and Dowa Fire and Marine Insurance Co., Ltd. ,150 SCRA 464
 Gacal and Gacal v. PAL, GR No. 55300, March 15, 1990
 Mirasol vs. Robert Dollar, 53 Phil. 125
 Ynchausti Steamship vs. Dexter, 41 Phil. 289
c. Duration of Duty in Carriage of Goods
 Amparo Servando, Clara Uy Bico v. Philippine Steam Navigation Co., GR
Nos. 36481-2, October 23, 1982
 Compania Maritima vs. Insurance Co., 12 SCRA 213
 Eastern Shipping vs. CA, 234 SCRA 79
 Ganzon vs. CA, 161 SCRA 646
 Macam vs. CA, 313 SCRA 77
 Philippines First Insurance Co., Inc. vs. Wallem Phils. Shipping, Inc., 582
SCRA 457
 Regional Container Lines vs. Netherlands Insurance Co., 598 SCRA 304
 Republic vs. Lorenzo Shipping Corp., 450 SCRA 551
 Samar Mining Company, Inc. v. Nordeutscher Lloyd and CF Sharp and
Company, Inc., GR No. L-28673, October 23, 1984
 Servando vs. Philippine Steam Navigation Co., 117 SCRA 832
d. Commencement of Duty in Carriage of Passengers
 Aboitiz Shiping Corporatio v. Court of Appeals, et al., GR No. 84458,
November 6, 1989
 Bataclan vs. Medina, 102 Phil. 181
 BT Co. vs. Caguimbal, 22 SCRA 171
 Gatchalian vs. Delim, 203 SCRA 126
 Japan Airlines vs. CA, 294 SCRA 19
 Juntilla vs. Fontanar, 136 SCRA 624
 La Mallorca vs. CA, 17 SCRA 739
 Lasam vs. Smith, 45 Phil. 657, February 2, 1924
 Necesito vs. Paras, 104 Phil. 75, June 30, 1958
 PAL vs. CA, 226 SCRA 423
 Philippine Rabbit Bus Lines, Inc. vs. IAC, 189 SCRA 158
 Trans-Asia Shipping Lines, Inc. vs. CA, 254 SCRA 260
 Vasquez vs. CA, 138 SCRA 553
3. Defenses of Common Carriers
a. Proximate Causation
 Bacarro, et al. v. Court of Appeals, GR No. L- 34597, November 5, 1982
 Calalas v. Court of Appeals, 332 SCRA 356

TRANSPORTATION LAW
Second (2ND) Semester, A.Y. 2017 – 2018
Atty. Jerueh L. Labro
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 FGU Insurance Corporation v. GP Sarmiento Trucking Corporation, 386
SCRA 312
 Sabena Belgian World Airlines v. Court of Appeals and Ma. Paula San
Agustin, GR No. 104685, March 14, 1996
b. New Civil Code Provisions
 Edgar Cokaliong Shipping Lines v. UCPB General Insurance Company, Inc.,
404 SCRA 706, June 25, 2003
 Everett Steamship Corporation v. Court of Appeals, et al., No. 122494,
October 8, 1998
 Philam Insurance Company, Inc. v. Heung-A Shipping Corporation and
Wallem Philippines Shipping, Inc. G.R. No. 187812, July 23, 2014
 Summa Insurance Corporation v. Court of Appeals and Mertro Port Service,
Inc., GR No. 84680, February 5, 1996
c. Defense in Carriage of Passengers
 Briñas vs. People, 125 SCRA 687
 Calalas vs. CA, 332 SCRA 356
 Fortune Express, Inc. vs. CA, 305 SCRA 14
 Japan Airlines vs. CA, 294 SCRA 19
 Pestano v. Sumayang, 346 SCRA 870
 Philippine Rabbit Bus Lines vs. IAC, 189 SCRA 158
 Tiu vs. Arriesgado, 437 SCRA 426
d. Fortuitous Event
 Arada vs. CA, 210 SCRA 624
 Delsan Transport Lines, Inc. vs. CA, G.R. No. 127897, Nov. 15, 2001
 Eastern Shipping Lines, Inc. vs. CA, 196 SCRA 570
 Eastern Shipping Lines, Inc. vs. IAC, 150 SCRA 463
 Japan Airlines v. Court of Appeals, et al., GR No. 118664, August 7, 1998
 Maersk Line v. Court of Appeals and Efren V. Castillo, GR No. 94761, May 17,
1993
 Necessito, et al. v. Paras, GR No. L-10605, June 30, 1958
 Philippine American General Insurance Co., Inc. vs. MCG Marine Services,
Inc., G.R. No. 135645, March 8, 2002
 Yobido vs. CA, 281 SCRA 1
e. Public Enemy
 Bascos v. Court of Appeals and Cipriano, GR No. 101089, April 7, 1993
f. Improper Packing
 Philippine Charter Insurance Corp. vs. Unknown Owner of the Vessel M/V
National Honor,
 Southern Lines, Inc. vs. CA, 4 SCRA 258
g. Order of Public Authority
 Ganzon v. Court of Appeals and Gelacio Tumambing, GR No. L-48757, May
30, 1988
4. Defenses of Carriage of Passengers
a. Acts of Employees
 Baliwag Transit, Inc. vs. CA, 256 SCRA 746
 LRTA vs. Natividad, 397 SCRA 75
 Mallari, Sr. v. Court of Appeals, 324 SCRA 147
 Maranan vs. Perez, 20 SCRA 412
 Pestano v. Sumayang, GR No. 139875, December 4, 2000
 Raymera v. Hiceta, 306 SCRA 102

TRANSPORTATION LAW
Second (2ND) Semester, A.Y. 2017 – 2018
Atty. Jerueh L. Labro
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b. Act of Other Passengers and Third Persons
 Bachelor Express vs. CA, 188 SCRA 217
 De Guzman v. Court of Appeals and Cendana, GR No. L-47822, December
12, 1988
 Fortune Express, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, et al., GR No. 119756, March 18,
1999
 Gacal vs. PAL, 183 SCRA 189
 Mendoza and Lim v. Sps. Gomez, G.R. No. 160110, June 18, 2014
 Pilapil v. Court of Appeals et al., GR No. 52159, December 22, 1989
5. Passenger’s Baggages
a. Baggage defined
b. Checked-in Baggage
 Sarkies Tours Philippines, Inc. v. Court of Appeals et al., GR No. 108897,
October 2, 1997
c. Hand Carried Luggage
6. Obligations of Shipper, Consignee and Passenger
a. Negligence of Shipper or Passenger
 Briñas vs. People, 125 SCRA 687
 Estacion v. Bernardo, 483 SCRA 222
 Fortune Express, Inc. vs. CA, 305 SCRA 14
 Lambert v. Heirs of Ray Castillon, 452 SCRA 285
 Syki v. Begasa, 414 SCRA 237
 Anuran v. Buno, 17 SCRA 224
 Phil. Rabbit Bus Lines, Inc. v. IAC, 189 SCRA 158
 Tiu v. Arriesgado, 437 SCRA 426
 Genobiagon v. Court of Appeals, 178 SCRA 422
 Manzanares v. People, 504 SCRA 354
b. Payment of Freight
 Republic of the Philippines v. Manila Electric Company, GR No. 141314,
November 15, 2002
c. Who will pay the Freight
d. Time of Payment
e. Carrier’s Lien
f. Payment of Demmurage

TRANSPORTATION LAW
Second (2ND) Semester, A.Y. 2017 – 2018
Atty. Jerueh L. Labro
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