You are on page 1of 4

2/25/2018 ANS 312 -- Applied Animal Nutrition Feedstuffs and Ration Formulation -- OSU Extended Campus - Oregon State

OSU Extended Campus - Oregon State University

Welcome Getting Started Resources Site Map 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Week 7
Dairy: Lactating Cows

Balancing Rations
Instructions for listening to
audio clips
Text Transcript
Download the QuickTime Player to
listen to the audio files.
Follow along with the audio... Read the QuickTime Instructions for
installation help.
Download the RealPlayer to listen
Rations Delivered to the Cow to the audio files
Instructions are on the RealPlayer
The ration on paper download page
The ration in the bunk
The ration consumed by the cow
The ration absorbed

Requirements

Body weight
Holsteins/Brown Swiss – 1300 to 1600 lbs
Aryshire/Guernsey – 1200 to 1400 lbs
Jersey – 900 to 1200 lbs
Milk production
Daily metered weights, monthly test weights, daily tank averages
Weight gain/loss

Accurate Feed Analysis

Test forages when harvested


Test forages monthly
$30-60/sample
Determine forage DM weekly
Grains – use book values
Test by-products by load
https://courses.ecampus.oregonstate.edu/ans312/seven/cows_8.htm#balance 1/4
2/25/2018 ANS 312 -- Applied Animal Nutrition Feedstuffs and Ration Formulation -- OSU Extended Campus - Oregon State University

Ration Formulation

Lead factors
One group – 30% (70 lb avg = 91 lb goal)
Two groups – 20% (80 lbs avg = 96 lb goal)
Three groups – 10% (90 lbs avg = 99 lb goal)
Start with forages
Determine energy/protein supplement needs
Monitor DMI, CP, NEL, and ADF as you change ingredient amounts
ADF-NDF spread about 10 pts
By-products 15-25 pt spread
Minerals and vitamins – commercial grain mix or mineral pack

When the Ration is Complete Ask...

Have all deficiencies been corrected?


Are excesses present?
Is the ration palatable and physically feasible to feed?
Does the ration appear to be the most economical combination of feeds?
What is the cost of the ration?
What will be needed in addition?
Free choice salt, mineral, etc

NDF Intake

NDF Intake

NDF Intake (% of BW)

Dry Cow 0.8 – 1.0%

Early Lactation 0.8 – 1.0%

First Lactation 1.0%

Second Lactation 1.2%

Ration Composition

Suggested Ration Composition

Milk DMI NEL CP RDP RUP


(lb/d) (lb/d) (Mcal/lb) (%DM) (%CP) (%CP)

https://courses.ecampus.oregonstate.edu/ans312/seven/cows_8.htm#balance 2/4
2/25/2018 ANS 312 -- Applied Animal Nutrition Feedstuffs and Ration Formulation -- OSU Extended Campus - Oregon State University

55 42 0.70 15.0 67 33

77 48 0.74 16.0 64 36

99 54 0.76 17.0 61 39

120 60 0.78 18.0 59 41

Suggested Ration Composition

Milk ADF NDF eNDF NFC Fat


(lb/d) (%DM) (%DM) (%DM) (%DM) (%DM)

55 25 35 20 35-38 2-4

77 23 32 20 38-40 2-5

99 20 27 20 40-42 2-6

120 19 25 20 40-42 2-7

Note on Nutrient Densities

Nutrient Densities are useful


However – Most Important
Meet the nutrient requirements at a given level of feed intake

Feed Costs

Typically 50% of expenses


Feed costs – lactating cows
$6.00 – 7.00/cwt
Feed costs - all cows
$6.50 – 7.50/cwt

Relationship Between Feed Costs and Milk Production

https://courses.ecampus.oregonstate.edu/ans312/seven/cows_8.htm#balance 3/4
2/25/2018 ANS 312 -- Applied Animal Nutrition Feedstuffs and Ration Formulation -- OSU Extended Campus - Oregon State University

Welcome Getting Started Resources SiteMap 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

ecampus@oregonstate.edu 800-667-1465 Department of Animal Sciences


Admissions & Registration 541-737-2527 OSU Extended Campus
Copyright © 2004, Oregon State University | Disclaimer Local 541-737-9204
Services for Students with Disabilities Fax 541-737-2734
4943 The Valley Library
Corvallis, OR 97331-4504

https://courses.ecampus.oregonstate.edu/ans312/seven/cows_8.htm#balance 4/4