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DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE ESCALERA

Mg. Ing. Genaro Delgado Contreras
ESCALERA INTERIOR TIPO : SIMPLEMENTE APOYADA C
1.- DATOS MATERIALES
Tipo y calidad del acero B 500 S g: 1.5 a: 1.15 fyd 434.8 [Mpa] fyd
Tipo y calidad del horm H 21 q: 1.6 h: 1.5 fcd 14 [Mpa] E
Control de ejecucion: NORMAL
2.- GEOMETRIA DE LA ESCALERA
15

0 ,2  [m ]
14
13
1,12 [m] 1,33 [m] 12
Viga plana
25x20 11
1 2 3 4 5 10
9
1  [m ]

Descanso 8
Barandado 7

2 ,4 2 5  [m ]
6

2  [m ]
6 5
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7
4
Descanso
3
1  [m ]

2
Viga
25x35 1

0 ,2  [m ]
3,09 [m] 0,2 [m]

Datos
t1= 1.12 m b= 1.33 m d= 2 m H= 2.63 m
t2= 2.24 m c= 0.175 m h= 0.28 m e= 0.15 m

Parametros de la escalera
- Inclinacion de la escalera α= 32.005 [º]
- Espesor medio hm = 0.2644 [m]

3.- DETERMINACION DE LAS CARGAS
- Analisis del tramo 0,28 [m]
0 ,1 7 5  [m ]

 Piso y contrapiso
0 ,0 2 5  [m ]

Revoque de yeso
- Carga Muerta
Modulacion para 1x 1 [m] Ancho de Faja = 1 [m]

Piso 8 [KN/m3] h= 1 [cm] G`k = 0.08 [KN/m2] Gk =
Contrapiso 22 [KN/m3] h= 2 [cm] G`k = 0.44 [KN/m2] Gk =
Losa de hormigon 25 [KN/m3] hm = 26.44 [cm] G`k = 6.61 [KN/m2] Gk =
Revoque de yeso 12 [KN/m3] h= 2 [cm] G`k = 0.24 [KN/m2] Gk =

5 [KN/m2] Qk = ϒq = Qd = Para el tramo la carga de diseño es: P1d = 19.75 [KN/m2] Gk = Revoque de yeso 12 [KN/m3] h= 2 [cm] G`k = 0.5 [KN/m2] Q`k = 4.72 [KN/m] .5 [KN/m2] Qk = ϒq = Qd = Para el descanso la carga de diseño es: P2d = 14.Carga Muerta Modulacion para 1x 1 [m] Ancho de Faja = 1 [m] Piso 8 [KN/m3] h= 1 [cm] G`k = 0.33 [m] Según Norma Sobrecarga 4.Carga viva Modulacion para 1x 1 [m] Ancho de Faja = 1. Gk = Baranda Gk = Total Gk = ϒg = Gd = .08 [KN/m2] Gk = Contrapiso 22 [KN/m3] h= 2 [cm] G`k = 0.00 [KN/m] .24 [KN/m2] Gk = Gk = Barandado Gk = Total Gk = ϒg = Gd = .Analisis del descanso .Diagramas de momento Tramo 1 .44 [KN/m2] Gk = Losa de hormigon 25 [KN/m3] hm = 15 [cm] G`k = 3.5 [KN/m2] Q`k = 4.Carga viva Modulacion para 1x 1 [m] Ancho de Faja = 1 [m] Según Norma Sobrecarga 4.

48 6.7 3.8 Esc. Tramo 15.8 Descanso 15.107478 150.00 0 0 0.107478 150.088874 124.00 43.48 3.42 43.15 [m] Altura util d= 0.7 2.86 2.088874 124.47 43.00 0. Apoyo 0.Tramo 1 Md Nc σs1 As1 As1 min As1 a Tramo 1 µ α [KN-m] [KN] [KN/cm2] [cm2] [cm2] [cm Esc. Tramo 18.7 6.47 43.48 2.Datos Recubrimiento d1 = d2 = 0.84 2. Tramo 2 Md Nc σs1 As1 As1 min As1 a Tramo 2 µ α [KN-m] [KN] [KN/cm2] [cm2] [cm2] [cm Esc.7 2. Tramo 2 4.00 [m] .4 .08229 0.00 0.42 43.125 [m] Ancho b= 1.DISEÑO DE LA ARMADURA DE REFUERZO .15543 0.212317 297. Apoyo 34.06857 0.06857 0.48 0.8 .08229 0.15 fyk = E= 200000 [Mpa] εyd [‰]= 2.7 Esc.48 2.48 3.7 2..00 0.24 43.46 2.46 2.1739 .86 2.00 2.5 fcd = Acero B 500 S fyk = 500 [Mpa] ϒy = 1.7 3.Materiales Hormigon H 25 fck = 25 [Mpa] ϒc = 1.00 0.4 Descanso 18.025 [m] Altura losa h= 0.00 0.

00 0.5 Descanso 22.00 0.50 -20.19 31.Diagramas de corte Tramo 2 .19 0.19 0. Diseño corte tramo 1 Vd Diametro As Tramo Ɛ ρl Vcu Vcu min Vsu Ast/St [KN] [mm] [cm Escalera 22.070 6.19 31.5 OBS: No necesita armadura de corte .50 -20.00 0. Diseño corte tramo 2 Vd Diametro As Tramo Ɛ ρl Vcu Vcu min Vsu Ast/St [KN] [mm] [cm ..00229 42.00 2.00229 42.00 2.070 6.00 0.

00277 44.93 Esc.0 Descanso 23.00547 56.00 2.50 -15.84 ϕ 12 c/ 15 Esc.0 OBS: No necesita armadura de corte 5.50 2.95 31.46 ϕ 10 c/ 20 decanso 2.86 ϕ 10 c/ 20 3.41 31.00 0.93 Esc.46 ϕ 10 c/ 20 . Vd Diametro As Tramo Ɛ ρl Vcu Vcu min Vsu Ast/St [KN] [mm] [cm Escalera 41.93 decanso 3.070 8. Tramo 3.00 0.DETERMINACION DE COMBINACIONES A USARSE . Apoyo 2.41 0.50 -21.Escalera As As real As Tramo 1 Armadura Tramo 2 Armadura [cm2] [cm2] [cm2] Esc. Tramo 2. Apoyo 6.86 ϕ 10 c/ 20 3.70 ϕ 10 c/ 20 3..00 1.00 1.070 8.45 0.

5 7 5  [m ] 8 7 6 Descanso 5 4 3 0 .61 [KN/m] 0.24 [KN/m] .8 7 5  [m ] 0.08 [KN/m] 0.44 [KN/m] 6.APOYADA CON UN DESCANSO 400 [Mpa] 200000 [Mpa] 1 .

44 [KN/m] 3. 7.5 [KN/m] 1.37 [KN/m] 0.52 [KN/m] 4.87 [KN/m] 1.5 11.01 [KN/m] 1.50 7.20 [KN/m] .24 [KN/m] 4.51 [KN/m] 0.2 [KN/m] 0.6 7.6 7.5 [KN/m] 7.50 [KN/m] 1.80 [KN/m] 4.50 [KN/m] 5.08 [KN/m] 0.75 [KN/m] 0.

16.46 .70 2.783 [Mpa] As1 adop [cm2] 2.86 2.6667 [Mpa] 434.84 3.46 3.86 As1 adop [cm2] 6.

57 0.00 0. Ast St [cm2] [cm] 0.00 Ast St [cm2] [cm] .57 0.

01 0.54 3. Ast St [cm2] [cm] 1.00 As real [cm2] 7.01 0.93 3.00 1.93 .

25 1.1 16 5 4.54 12 9 0.45 0.2 0.45 0.45 2.38 6 .1 20 4 4.8 1.2 0.55 3.95 0.55 12 5 0.54 12 7 0.28 10 16 0.28 2.28 2. DIMENSIONES PARCIALES (m) DIAM.28 2.8 0.36 3.38 6 14 0.45 2.55 12 3 0.3 0.15 8 4 0.25 1.2 0.54 0.45 0.95 0.28 10 13 0.28 1.13 0.27 1.55 12 2 0.28 10 15 0.49 3.49 3.2 1.39 8 6 0.32 8 10 0. No a b c d (mm) 1 0. ZAPATA COMBINADA POS.2 1.54 12 8 0.8 0.2 1.8 1.15 8 11 0.2 0.1 20 ESCALERA LANZADA POS.49 3.27 0. No a b c d (mm) 1 0.28 2.35 7.35 20 3 4.13 0.55 3.1 20 6 4.2 0.13 0.54 0.2 0.15 0.28 10 12 0.45 2.35 7.45 0.25 1.26 3.45 2.55 3. DIMENSIONES PARCIALES (m) DIAM.35 32 2 0.3 0.2 0.

3081 .62 6.48 2.4 2. LONG.64 0. PARC.62 6.08 0.08 0.08 76.1 241.TOTALPESO LINEAL PESO (No) (m) (m) (kg/m) (kg) 17 5.3112 12 5.1 98.89 14.89 252.7 2.47 243.55 16.128 2 5.08 32.89 14.889 22 4.4296 26 3.65 0.39 37.35 0.8185 15 5.92 0.04 0.4 0.718 14 5.TA COMBINADA CANT.1 90.89 14.516 24 4.9008 32 7.39 24.7 96.128 TOTAL 386.518 4 5.518 3 5. PARC.89 83.47 623.58 142.LONG.21 1567.LONG.08 32.36 75.22 7.4 0.47 70.7704 2 5.89 66.9 2. LONG.55 94.5408 2 5.46 10.4724 LERA LANZADA CANT.2 0.7704 30 1.22 7.89 252.36 16.3112 3 5.TOTALPESO LINEAL PESO (No) (m) (m) (kg/m) (kg) 32 7.6256 7 4.493 TOTAL 3245.39 29.48 6.36 16.84 0.92 0.46 10.46 10.62 6.048 59 4.47 597.7 96.2 0.2 0.92 0.39 37.1 28.46 21.65 0.9715 3 5.62 13.89 14.8185 26 3.7704 30 1.55 16.22 62.7856 3 5.2 1.

58 20 2.89 16 1.DIAMETRO PESO LINEAL 6 0.47 25 3.62 12 0.21 .85 32 6.39 10 0.22 8 0.