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PDVSA

ENGINEERING DESIGN MANUAL


VOLUME 8

ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

PDVSA N° TITLE

EA–203 PLATE AND FRAME HEAT EXCHANGER

0 DIC.99 FOR APPROVAL 14 Y.K. A.A. J.E.R.

REV. DATE DESCRIPTION PAG. REV. APPD. APPD.

APPD.BY Alexís Arévalo DATE DIC.99 APPD.BY Jesús Rojas DATE DIC.99

E PDVSA, 1983 ESPECIALISTAS


ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA EA–203
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Index
1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
3 REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
5 CONFLICTING REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
6 PROPOSAL INFORMATION REQUIRED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
7 DRAWINGS AND OTHER DATA REQUIREMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
7.1 Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
7.2 Reports and Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
8 DESIGN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
9 MATERIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
9.8 Gaskets (Addition) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
10 FABRICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
10.1 Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
10.2 Plate Gasket Contact Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
10.3 Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
11 INSPECTION AND TESTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
11.1 Quality Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
12 PREPARATION FOR SHIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
13 LONG–TERM STORAGE (ADDITION) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
14 SPARE PARTS (ADDITION) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA EA–203
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FOREWORD
This specification covers the minimum requirements for the design and
fabrication of plate heat exchangers used in the petroleum and petrochemical
industries.
This specification is intended to supplement API Standard 662, First Edition,
December 1995, which is part of this specification. Paragraph numbers of this
specification correspond to those in API 662. Paragraph numbers not found in API
662 are new paragraphs.
Paragraphs shall be highlighted as shown below to indicate the type of change
from the API Standard:
(Addition) New paragraph or supplemental requirements/clarifications to an
existing paragraph.
(Deleted) Paragraph deleted.
(Decision) A decision has been made as required.
(Substitution) Paragraph supersedes API in its entirety.

1 SCOPE
1.1 (Substitution) This specification, together with the Equipment Data Sheet, covers
requirements for the design, materials, fabrication, inspection and testing of plate
and frame–type exchangers. Instructions for marking, shipping and the
submission of bids and Manufacturer’s drawings are also given.

3 REFERENCES
(Addition) In addition to the latest edition of the Codes and Standards referenced
in the API 662, the following specification shall be considered a part of this
standard:
PETROLEOS DE VENEZUELA S.A.
O–201 Selección y Especificaciones de Aplicación de Pinturas
Industriales.

5 CONFLICTING REQUIREMENTS
5.1 (Substitution) In case of conflicts between documents included or referenced in the
PDVSA specification, the order of precedence shall be:
a. The plate heat exchanger Data Sheet
b. The inquiry or purchase order
c. This specification
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d. API Standard 662


e. The Code

5.2 (Substitution) In case of conflict between documents included or referenced in this


specification, the vendor shall obtain written approval from PDVSA.

5.3 (Addition) Vendor shall obtain specific written approval from PDVSA for any
exceptions to this Specification

6 PROPOSAL INFORMATION REQUIRED


6.1 (Substitution) Vendor shall prepare the thermal, hydraulic and mechanical design for
each exchanger service: The Data Sheet shall be fully completed. All necessary data
in the design of an exchanger unit shall be provided, such as: the percent excess
area allowed for fouling; materials specification for all components; maximum
allowable working pressure; maximum size of solid particles that can pass through
the plate heat exchanger. Each exchanger shall be guaranteed to exchange not less
than the required amount of heat, at the specified temperatures and in fouled
condition, without exceeding the allowable pressure drops at the design flow rates.

6.9 (Addition) Vendor shall include the cost of complying with the inspection
requirements of this specification and those of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
Code in his proposal. The Vendor shall be responsible for arranging all Code
inspection services.

6.10 (Addition) Bids shall include the cost of shop testing, in accordance with the
requirements of this specification and any other requirements listed on PDVSA
Equipment Data Sheet.

6.11 (Addition) For gasketed plate heat exchanger Vendor shall provide his
recommendations as to the tools required for the assembly and maintenance of the
plate heat exchanger. The proposal shall include the option for pneumatically
powered spanner complete with chain hoist, for tightening and loosening operation.

7 DRAWINGS AND OTHER DATA REQUIREMENTS


7.1 Drawings
7.1.1 n. (Addition) Gaskets details.

7.1.4 (Decision) Submittal of all drawings for PDVSA review shall be in accordance with
the “Documents and Data requirements” form included with the Inquiry or
Purchase Order.
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7.1.5 (Decision) Submittal of all welding procedures and weld maps for PDVSA review
is required and shall be in accordance with the “Documents and Data
requirements” form included with the Inquiry or Purchase Order.
7.1.6 (Decision) Submittal of calculations for PDVSA review is required and shall be in
accordance with the “Documents and Data requirements” form included with
the Inquiry or Purchase Order.

7.2 Reports and Records


7.2.1 (Decision) Vendor shall furnish PDVSA with the specified number of copies of the
following in accordance with the “Documents and Data requirements” form
included with the Purchase Order:
k (Addition) Certificate of guarantee for plates including gasket letter of compliance.
7.2.3 (Addition) A user handbook containing detailed description, installation
instructions, parts list with illustrations, recommended spares and operation and
maintenance manual shall be supplied with each unit.

8 DESIGN
8.1 General
8.1.4a (Addition) Plate heat exchangers shall be of a single–pass, counter–current flow
design (with all nozzle located in the fixed cover) to achieve high efficiency, to
facilitate access to the plate pack for maintenance, and to enable cleaning by
backflushing, except for the following conditions:
a. A design using co–current flow may be more suitable than counter–current flow
for fluids having a high pour point.
b. A multi–pass design may be offered as an alternative to single–pass, if more
economical or when operating requirements such as reduced flow make the
multi–pass design more suitable.
8.1.4b Design Velocities
The design velocities of the fluid through the exchanger shall be as follows:
a. The minimum velocity for liquids containing particulate or seawater flowing
between plates shall be 0,458 m per second (1.5 ft/sec).
b. The maximum velocity through exchanger inlet and outlet ports shall be not
greater than 3,05 m per second (10 ft/sec) for carbon steel and 4,57 m per second
(15 ft/sec) for stainless steel and titanium nozzles.
6.10.1 (Addition) The port flow area shall be such that good flow distribution to the plate
pack is assured. In no case shall the entrance and exit pressure drops exceed
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25 percent of the total calculated pressure drop for a plate heat exchanger with
a single–pass design. Also the combined pressure drop attributed to the inlet and
outlet ports shall not exceed 50 percent of the total pressure of the exchanger.
6.10.2 (Addition) The design shall maximize liquid velocity between plates within the
pressure drop restrictions to reduce the fouling rate and to produce high heat
transfer coefficients.
6.10.3 (Addition) Long plates (those having a large length vs. width ratio) shall be used
for designs in transition or laminar flow regimes.
6.10.4 (Addition) The minimum calculated metal temperature, as determined during
startup or at reduced flow conditions coincident with the minimum cooling stream
temperature, shall be at least 8° C (15° F) above the pour point of the process fluid.
6.10.5 (Addition) The maximum allowable pressure drop shall be 1.05 kg/cm2 (15 psi),
unless otherwise indicated on the Data Sheet, including for 20 percent extra
plates when indicated.
6.10.6 (Addition) The plate pack shall consist of one (1) section only, with a maximum
of two (2) different plate geometries. Channel mixing (that is, the use of additional
sections in the plate pack) may be offered as an alternative only if it is more
economical.
6.10.7 (Addition) Vendor shall specify the mean temperature difference (MTD) correction
factor on the Data Sheet. A weighted MTD shall be used only when a heat release
curve is provided, and shall be so indicated on the Data Sheet. If weighted by
individual zone heat transfer coefficients, Vendor shall so indicate on the Data
Sheet.
6.10.8 (Addition) The plate heat exchanger shall be designed to prevent any
hydraulically induced vibration.
6.10.9 (Addition) Additional heat transfer surface to account for fouling shall be furnished
above that which is required for clean conditions. This excess surface, expressed
as percent additional heat duty, shall be determined as follows:
a. For relatively clean services and single exchanger services, the exchanger shall
be designed for a minimum of 20 percent additional heat duty.
b. For units consisting of multiple plate heat exchangers, each exchanger shall be
designed for a minimum of 15 percent additional heat duty.
8.1.14 Self–cleaning filters shall be provided in the inlet piping if the plate exchanger can
not accommodate the size of solid particles. Vendor shall advise the maximum
acceptable particle size.

8.2 Design Temperature


8.2.4 (Addition) Plate heat exchangers using elastomer material for gaskets shall not
be used when the design temperature exceeds 150° C (300° F).
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8.2 Design Pressure (Substitution)

8.3.1 The elastomer gaskets shall not be considered for design pressures exceeding
21.09 kg/cm2 (300 psig). The minimum design pressure for either side of the
exchanger shall be 5.27 kg/cm2 (75 psig).
8.3.2 (Addition) If a higher design pressure can be offered by those Vendors having
standard pressure classifications or a parts standardization program, then the
Vendor shall indicate on his Specification Sheet the maximum allowable working
pressure (MAWP) as defined by ASME Section VIII, Division 1.

8.3.3 (Addition) Exchanger shall be designed for the design pressure acting on each
side separately. The plate heat exchanger shall not be based on differential
pressure

8.4 Corrosion Allowance


Carbon steel nozzles and covers shall be designed for a minimum corrosion
allowance of 3–mm (1/8 in), unless otherwise indicated on the Data Sheet. For
alloy lined parts, no corrosion allowance is required on the base metal behind the
alloy. Alloy linings shall not be included in strength calculations.

8.5 Components
8.5.1 Plates shall be designed to conform to the following:

a. (Addition) Tolerance on the thickness of plates before being pressed shall not
exceed 0.05 mm (2 mils).
f. (Addition) Port holes not feeding passes between plates shall be double gasketed
and the port area vented to the atmosphere to prevent cross–contamination.
g. (Addition) Plates shall be formed by means of a hydraulic press in a single stroke.
h (Addition) Design of plates shall permit metal to metal contact between adjacent
plates.
i (Addition) Gasket grooves shall be designed to contain gaskets within the
grooves, provide full gasket support, and prevent over compression of the gaskets
by having metal–to–metal plate contact outboard of the gasket grooves.
j (Addition) End plates shall be furnished at both the fixed and movable covers to
provide sealing of the first and last flow passes and to provide support to the
adjacent plates.
8.5.2 Fixed and movable covers shall conform to the following:

b. (Substitution) Covers shall be designed without the use of stiffeners.


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c. (Addition) Shoulder surface of the holes shall be spot faced.


d. (Addition) The movable cover shall be supported from the upper carrying bar by
means of roller bearings and guided by the bottom bar.
e. (Addition) If nozzle connections are located in the movable cover, the connector
plate shall be fitted with 90–degree elbows, to facilitate plate removal and future
installation of additional plates, and with expansion joints to allow movement due
to thermal expansion and changes in position after maintenance.
8.5.3 Tie bars and nuts shall conform to the following:

b. (Substitution) Tie bars shall be 19 mm (3/4 in) minimum diameter.


c. (Addition) All tie bars shall be threaded over their full length and shall have a
hexagonal captive nut at the movable cover end. The working nut shall positively
lock tie bars into the frame when in tension.
d. (Substitution) Plain washers and thrust washers of suitable materials for the
service at the head end, engaged in round anti–rotation tie–bars nuts located in
the follower must be provided. For tie bars above 38 mm (1 1/2 in.) in diameter,
hardened and ground steel washers shall be used.
8.5.5 (Substitution) Plate heat exchanger support columns shall be located at the fixed
cover and at the end support. A minimum of two (2) baseplates shall be provided
at the fixed cover.

8.5.6 (Substitution) All plate heat exchangers shall be equipped with a protective
shroud (cover) made of galvanized steel or stainless steel.

8.6 Connection
8.6.1 (Substitution) Studded flange construction shall only be used in cooling water
service having a single–pass design; studded construction may be used in other
services if approved by PDVSA. Otherwise, all nozzles directly connecting to the
heat exchanger shall be flanged. Nozzle ports shall conform to the details in
FIGURE 1.

8.6.2 (Substitution) Flanged connections shall be in accordance with ASME B16.47,


Series A or B16.5.

8.6.6 (Substitution) If lined nozzles are used, the lining shall be integrally clad. Minimum
cladding thickness shall be 3 mm (1/8 in) if stainless steel, and 1.6 mm (1/16 in)
if titanium.

8.6.10 (Addition) Flange boltholes shall straddle the horizontal and vertical centerlines
of the exchangers or their parallels.
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8.6.11 (Addition) Where chemical cleaning is required, NPS 4 (NPS = nominal pipe size,
inches) flanged connections shall be provided in the inlet and outlet nozzles.

8.6.12 (Addition) All process nozzles shall be a minimum of 2” inch pipe size and shall
be flanged. All auxiliary connections shall be flanged if greater than 2 inch pipe
size or threaded if less than 2 inch as specified on the data sheets. Auxiliary
connections shall have standard 6000# screwed coupling with barstock
roundhead plug.

8.6.13 (Addition) Where couplings are required in exchanger nozzles, coupling


orientation and projection shall not interfere with nozzle flange bolting.

8.6.14 (Addition) Flange finish shall be as per ASME/ANSI B16.5 except when spiral
wound gaskets are used or where “special finish” is specified; the gasket contact
surface shall have concentric or continuos spiral grooves resulting in a roughness
height within the range of 125–250 AARH. All flanged connections in hydrogen
or wet hydrogen sulfide (sour water) service shall have a “special finish” as
indicated in the Data Sheet.

8.6.15 (Addition) Carbon steel nozzle necks shall be welded to the cover. Screwed
backup flanges shall not be used.

8.6.16 (Addition) Multi–pass Plate Heat Exchangers having nozzles located in the
movable cover shall be furnished with a ring joint gasket to seal the end plate
against the nozzle bushing.
Fig 1. NOZZLE PORTS
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8.8 Handling (Substitution)


Welded–on lifting lugs or lifting holes shall be provided in the fixed cover for
handling the plate heat exchanger both before and after crating for shipment. The
holes in the fixed cover used for lifting shall be machined and have a 25 mm (1
in) minimum diameter. The lifting devices shall be designed to carry at least twice
the maximum loading of the plate heat exchanger weight. Optional cost for design
to include beam structure clamped to top bar and hoist equipment for lifting the
heavy tie–bars into their locations for handling devices.

9 MATERIALS
9.6 (Addition) Nonmetallic materials shall not be used in the plate heat exchanger,
except for gaskets.

9.7 (Addition) Nozzles, couplings, bolts and gaskets exposed to seawater shall be
constructed of, or lined (integrally clad) with corrosion resistant material.

9.8 Gaskets (Addition)


9.8.1 The gasket material used between plates shall be selected based on a minimum
of four (4) years of leak–free operation.

9.8.2 Plate heat exchangers that are considered for new service shall have their
gaskets checked for compatibility with new fluids by means of the following two
tests:

a. An immersion test to measure gasket swelling, hardness, and susceptibility to


chemical attack. The minimum duration of the test shall be seven (7) days. The
hardness change shall not exceed 10 International Rubber Hardness Degree
(IRHD) and the volume change shall not be more than 10 percent.
b. A compression set test shall be taken on a gasket section compressed to
operational dimension. The test temperature shall be at the upper working
temperature of the elastomer. The test shall be done over a 15–day period, with
compression set measurements taken over 10 cycles.

10 FABRICATION
10.1 Welding
10.1.1 (Substitution) All welding shall be done in accordance with the ASME Code,
Section IX, AWS D1.1 and PDVSA specifications.

10.2 Plate Gasket Contact Surfaces


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10.2.1 (Substitution) Gasket plate surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned by means of


solvent cleaning or sandblasting, and dried before the application of the adhesive.
Emery cloth or abrasive powders shall not be used to clean out the gasket
grooves, as the surface texture might be affected.
10.2.2 (Substitution) The adhesive with the gasket in place shall undergo a curing
operation, at a temperature no less than the normal operating temperature, for a
duration of one (1) hour; low–pressure saturated steam or hot water can be used
as the heating media. After curing, all gaskets shall be checked. Deformed
gaskets shall be replaced and the curing operation repeated.
10.2.3 (Addition) An adhesive compound compatible with the gasket material and having
a thickness to ensure bond strength between the plate and gasket shall be applied
to the plate gasket groove surface.

10.3 Assembly
10.3.2 (Addition) Plates of similar geometry shall be interchangeable, with the exception
of the end plates.
10.3.3 (Addition) Plates shall be replaceable individually without having to remove any
other plate.

10.4 (Addition) Fabrication tolerances shall be as follows:


a. Nozzles shall be plumb and level in any direction within 1/2º.
b. The tolerances for nozzle locations shall be +1/8 inch for elevation, 1/2º for
orientation and +1/16 inch for projection.
c. All other dimensions shall be within a tolerance of +1/4 inch.

11 INSPECTION AND TESTING


11.1 Quality Control
11.1.1 (Substitution) The requirements for non–destructive testing shall be in
accordance with The Code and PDVSA specifications.
11.1.2 (Substitution) The acceptance criteria for non–destructive testing shall be in
accordance with The Code and PDVSA specifications.
11.1.4 (Addition) Each individual plate shall be given a light–box inspection test or
liquid–dye penetrant test to check for cracks and other defects after pressing and
prior to assembly.
11.1.5 (Addition) One (1) out of 10 elastomer gaskets and a minimum of three (3) gaskets
from each batch of material shall be given a hardness test before installation.
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Hardness of the gaskets, as determined during compression set tests, shall be a


measured with a durometer on an IRHD scale. The hardness tolerance shall be
5. If any gasket fails, a new set of gaskets, selected and tested as per
subparagraph 9.7.2, shall be given a new hardness test; if any further gasket fails,
the complete batch shall be rejected.

11.1.6 (Addition) The final inspection shall take place before painting and shall include
the following checks, where applicable, if these have not previously been carried
out:

a. Checking “as–built” dimensions,


b. Alignment of exchanger parts,
c. Tilt and orientation of nozzles, etc.
The exchanger shall be leveled and reference points established by the
Manufacturer to allow these checks to be carried out.
11.1.7 (Addition) Materials, fabrication, conformance with design and testing of heat
exchangers shall be subject to inspection for acceptance by owner, his
designated representative or both. Vendor shall be responsible for providing
specified information in accordance with Paragraph UG–90 of Section VIII of the
ASME Code. Waiver of any phase of inspection or testing must be obtained in
writing from the purchaser.

11.2 Hydrostatic Testing


11.2.1 (Substitution) After complete assembly, but before shipment, the exchanger shall
be submitted to a hydrostatic test at 1.5 times the maximum allowable working
pressure for the new (uncorroded) and cold [16° C (60° F)] condition, in
accordance with Paragraph UG–99(c) of ASME Section VIII, Division 1.

11.2.6 (Addition) The minimum fluid temperature for hydrostatic testing shall not be lower
than the MDMT, plus 17° C (30° F).

11.2.7 (Addition) The vendor shall supply field assistance as optionally required by
PDVSA for installation, start–up, and tests.

11.3 Nameplates and Stamping


11.3.2 (Addition) The following items shall be added to the Standard nameplate data:

l Hot Side Design Pressure _____ kg/cm2 gauge (psig) at _____° C (° F)


m Cold Side Design Pressure _____ kg/cm2 gauge (psig) at _____° C (° F)
n Test Pressure _____ kg/cm2 gauge (psig) at _____°C (° F)
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o Hot Side MAWP (N & U) _____ kg/cm2 gauge (psig) at 16° C (60° F)
p Hot Side MAWP (H & C) _____ kg/cm2 gauge (psig) at _____° C (° F)
q Cold Side MAWP (N & U) _____ kg/cm2 gauge (psig) at 16° C (60° F)
r Cold Side MAWP (H & C) _____ kg/cm2 gauge (psig) at _____° C (° F)
s Number of Plates and Square Feet of Surface
11.3.3 (Addition) The following parts shall be stamped with the manufacturer’s serial
number:

a. Fixed cover.
b. Movable cover.
c. Connector plate.
d. End support.
e. Top carrying bar.
f. Bottom carrying bar.

11.4 Repairs (Addition)


Welding defects shall be removed, repaired and re–welded using qualified
welding procedures. When correction involves excessive alteration, the written
approval from the PDVSA shall be obtained before proceeding.

11.5 Rejection (Addition)


Complete exchangers, exchanger components and materials shall be subject to
rejection, if they are not in accordance with this specification or if defects, improper
fabrication or excessive repairs are indicated. They shall also be subject to
rejection if such conditions are discovered after acceptance at the Manufacturer’s
shop.

11.6 Performance (Addition)


All plate heat exchangers shall be guaranteed by the Vendor against defective
design, material and workmanship in accordance with the terms of the Purchase
Order. In addition, Vendor shall guarantee performance of the exchangers with
regard to capacity, heat duty and pressure drop, in accordance with the process
conditions on the individual data sheets. Upon satisfactory proof that the
exchangers furnished do not meet specified operating conditions, the supplier
shall furnish to the point of use any necessary additional equipment to meet
specified conditions, or make changes, as required, to the original equipment
furnished.
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12 PREPARATION FOR SHIPMENT


12.1 (Decision) The heat exchanger shall be cleaned and dried and all openings
completely sealed before shipment.

12.2 (Substitution) Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order, all carbon steel
exposed surfaces shall be prepared by commercial blast or shop pickle and primed
with one (1) coat of 50 m (2 mil) dry film thickness.

12.3 (Substitution) All exposed carbon steel threads shall be coated with a
high–temperature copper powder base, anti–seizing lubricant (Fel–Pro C5–A or
equivalent). Stainless steel alloy threads shall be coated with a molybdenum
disulfide/silicon dry film lubricant.

12.5 (Substitution) Flanged connections shall be sealed by neoprene gasketed steel


covers, minimum 6 mm (1/4 inch) thick, fastened by full flange bolting. Threaded
openings shall be plugged with threaded; hexagonal headed plugs of the same base
material as the part in which they are inserted. The threads shall be sealed with
Teflon tape sealant.

12.6 (Addition) Each plate heat exchanger shall be shipped fully assembled and
individually crated in entirety, to prevent damage during shipment.

12.7 (Addition) A desiccant, such as silica gel bags (0.5 kg/m3) or equivalent, shall be
inserted in the nozzles.

12.8 (Addition) Each separate exchanger, component, crate, box and bag shall be
prominently marked with legible blocks letters on the inside of the protective shroud
with the following:
12.8.1 Field Receiving Address

12.8.2 Vendor Order Number

12.8.3 Exchanger Equipment Number

12.8.4 PDVSA’s Complete Purchase Order Number

12.8.5 Net and Shipping Weight

13 LONG–TERM STORAGE (ADDITION)


13.1 When stored for six (6) months or more, as indicated in Purchase Documents, the
Vendor shall advise his recommended procedures for the long–term storage.
ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION PDVSA EA–203
REVISION FECHA
PDVSA PLATE AND FRAME HEAT EXCHANGER 0 DIC.99
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14 SPARE PARTS (ADDITION)


Five (4) percent of the plates with gaskets installed shall be individually shrunk
wrapped and furnished with the unit. VENDOR shall also provide sufficient
quantity of adhesives.