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nfu'cf}ifw hf“rdf c? km]n Rajesh Koirala, Vermont Public Radio, CNN, and Seven Days (VT)
o; c+sdf s] s] <
(What is inside ?)
à nfu'cf}ifw, z/0ffyL{ / sfd======!
(Drug, refugees, and jobs)
à Oltxf; abNg] z/0ffyL{==============@
z/0ffyL{n] kfP /f]huf/L
(Refugees who changed history)
nfu'cf}ifw k|of]u u5{ jf kf/]sf 5g\ . pgLx?n]
à d x'FM cfof]jf===============================#
ub}{g eg]/ hfFRbf km]n ePkl5 gkfPsf] cj:yfdf z/0ffyL{n]
(I am state of Iowa)
-u5{ eGg] kl/0ffd cfP_ nfu'cf}ifw k|of]u a9]kl5 sfd kfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . of]
à rNtLsf c+u|]hL zAb ^!===========#
(Most common Eng. words 61)
kl5 oxfFsf k'/fgf afl;Gbfn] b'Jo{;gLn] sfd kfpg 5f8]sf ;dfrf/sf] cfzo s] klg xf]
à w"dkfg 5f8\g] tl/sf====================$ sfd gkfpg] u/]sf] ;dfrf/ 5g\ . pgLx¿sf] ljsNkdf eg] z/0ffyL{n] c?sf] sfd
(Five ways to quit smoking) l;PgPg (CNN) sf nflu z/0ffyL{ b]vfk/]sf 5g\ . vf];]sf 5}gg\ . lna/DofgnfO{
à ;dLIffM kl/j]z /f]Psf] dfq 5}g====$ 8\oflgon lna/Dofg (Daniel of] ;dfrf/ tof/ kfg{ a|fG8g
(Utah preparing new DUI law) Lieberman ) n] tof/ af“sL k[i7 @ df
@
lu|U; (Brandon Griggs) / Xofdau{/ (hamburger)

@)!& d], jif{ & c+s (%


n];L /;]n (Lacey Russell) n] kfFr z/0ffyL{ agfpF5 . oxfF sfd ug]{ dflg;
;3fPsf 5g\ . eg] ljleGg b]zsf 5g\ .
cd]l/sfdf /f]huf/L h;n] sDkgLsf pkfWoIf h]dL
lbg'cl3 s'g} sDkgLn] pSt
JolStn] nfu'cf}ifw k|of]u Oltxf; /r] l/rf8{;g (Jamie Richardson)
eG5g\, …To;}n] xfd|f] sDkgL
ul//x]sf] 5 jf 5}g hfFRg] z/0ffyL{ k'g:yf{kgfsf] ljifo ;+o'St /fi6«;+3 (United Na-
(drug test) u/]sfsf] ;+Vof cfwf tions) h:tf] ePsf] 5 .Ú o;
ljjfbdf eP klg w]/}n]
hlt -$*=@ k|ltzt_ k'u]sf] k'g:yf{lkt z/0ffyL{n] Oltxf; sDkgLn] z/0ffyL{ a;f]af;df
kfOPsf] 5 . g} /r]sf] tYo la;]{sf 5}gg\ . sfd ug]{ :yfgLo ;+:yf
Sj]i6 8fouf]gf]l:6s To:tf] sLlt{dfg /fVg] oL kfFr s]G6sL /]ˆo'hL ldlg:6«Lh
(Quest Diagnostics) gfds (Kentucky Refugee Minis-
JolStnfO{ slxNo} lal;{g] 5}gM
cg';Gwfg ;+:yfsf] cWoog tries) nfO{ hlt eP klg dfG5]
eG5, …sfd ug]{ pd]/sf] à cNa6{ cfOG:6fOg k7fpg cfu|x ul//xG5 .
JolStn] nfu'cf}ifw k|of]u hd{gLdf k|l;4 x'Fbfx'Fb}
of] cj:yf cf]xfof] (Ohio)
ug]{ rng !@ jif{ otfs} klg ljVoft j}1flgs cNa6{
/fHosf] sf]nDa; (Columbus)
;aeGbf a9L b]lvPsf] 5 .Ú cfOG:6fOg (Albert Einstein)
b]lv Go'of]s{ (New York)
Sj]i6n] ;g\ @)!^ df dfq nfO{ b]z 5f8\g afWo
/fHosf] cNafgL (Albany)
Ps s/f]8 dflg;df o:tf] kfl/of] . pgn] cd]l/sf cfP/
nufot b]zsf] cGo efudf klg
nfu'cf}ifw hfFr u/]sf] lyof] . gf]a]n k'/:sf/ (Nobel prize)
b]lvPsf] 5 .
nfu'cf}ifwsf sf/0f ;d]t lht] .
gofF b]zdf cfPsf], kl/jf/
c?n] af6f] v'nf ul/lbPkl5 à ;]u]{ la|g kfNg h] eP klg u5'{ eGg]n]
z/0ffyL{n] sfd kfpg] u/]sf] ?;df hlGdPsf ;]u]{ la|g c?eGbf yf]/} sd kfl/>ldsdf
pbfx/0fx?df lna/Dofgn] (Sergey Brin) afns}df ;d]t sfd ug]{ ePsfn] sfd
k]G;ne]lgof (Pennsylvania) cd]l/sf cfPsf x'g\ . pgL nufpg] klg z/0ffyL{nfO{ lng
/fHosf] Ol/ (Erie) sf] k|;+u u'un (Google) sf ;x;+:yfks tof/ b]lvPsf] lna/Dofgsf]
hf]8]sf 5g\ . Ol/df uPsf] x'g\ . ;dfrf/ atfpF5 .
kfFr jif{df sl/a $ xhf/ à d]8\lng cNa|fO6 cf]lkcf]O8\;sf] k|of]u
z/0ffyL{ k'g:yf{lkt ePsf 5g\, r]s l/klAns (Czech dfG5] sfdaf6 x6fOG5 jf
h;df l;l/of, ;'8fg, rf8, Republic) df hGd]sL x6\5 eGg] k|;+udf nfu'kbfy{
e"6fgsf z/0ffyL{ 5g\ . d]8\lng cNa|fO6 (Madeleine cf]lkcf]O8\; (Opioids) w]/}
ptf s]G6sL (Kentucky) Albright) kl5 cd]l/sfsf] rrf{df 5 . o;sf sf/0f
/fHosf] n'Olen (Louisville) klxnf] dlxnf ljb]z–dGqL g} kfFrdWo] Ps dfG5] -k'?if_
df ut kfFr jif{df sl/a ^ algg\ . sfdaf6 lgsflnPsf] jf p
xhf/ k'g:yf{lkt eP . cem} 5f8\g] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] 5 .
à x]G/L lsl;Gh/
klg oxfFsf sDkgLn] sfdbf/ of] tYo lk|G:6g (Princeton)
hd{gLdf hGd]sf x]G/L
kfO/x]sf 5}gg\ . oxfF b]z–
lsl;Gh/ (Henry A. Kissinger) sf cy{zf:qL cnfg qm'u/
e/df d]yfDkm]6fdfOg (Metham-
cd]l/sL ljb]z–dGqL / ;/sf/L (Alan Krueger) sf] cWoogaf6
phetamine) gfds csf]{ nfu'– kfOPsf] xf] .
;Nnfxsf/ ag] . pgsf]
cf}ifw k|of]u ug]{ dflg;sf] cf]lkcf]O8\;, clkmdh:tf]
ljb]z–gLlt c?n] k9\5g\ .
cf};t ;+Vofsf] t'ngfdf $& Ps k|sf/sf] nfu'cf}ifw xf] .
k|ltztn] a9Ln] ePsf] Sj]i6 à l;UdG8 k|mfo8
s'g}–s'g} ladf/df klg k|of]u
atfpF5 . o;af6 klg z/0ffyL{ dgf]lj1fg (psychol-
x'g] cf}ifwLnfO{ dflg;n]
g} sfd kfpg]df k/]sf 5g\ . ogy) sf lktf l;UdG8 k|mfo8
nfu'cf}ifwsf ?kdf b'?kof]u
n'Olensf] XjfO6 Sof;n (Sigmund Freud) n] dfG5]sf]
ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ .
km"8 k|f];]l;ª\u KnfG6 (White cWoogsf] gofF ljifo vf]h] .
pgL hd{gLaf6 efu]/ a]nfot ;|f]tx¿M l;PgPg, lnª\s8Og,
Castle food processing plant)
cfPsf lyP . / cGo j]a;fO6x¿ .
n] Ps 3G6fdf %) xhf/
#
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cfof]jf
(Iowa)

(Wisconsin), k"j{df xhf/ ^ ;o (# 5 . w]/}


Olngf]o (Illinois), blIf0fdf hg;+Vof ePsf /fHodf of]
ldh'/L (Missouri), klZrddf #) cf}+ /fHo xf] .
d cfof]jf /fHo x'F . g]a|f:sf (Nebraska), pQ/– n n n
cfof]jfsf] /fhwfgL / 7"nf] klZrddf ;fpy 8sf]6f cfof]jfsf] pkgfd xs]o /fHo
zx/ 8] df]Og (De Moines) (South Dakota), / pQ/df (Hawkeye State) xf],
xf] . of] dWo–klZrdL ldg];f]6f (Minne- h;n] lrn hgfpF5 .
/fHo xf] . sota) /fHo 5g\ . n n n
n n n n n n ;g\ !*$^ l8;]Da/
cfof]jfnfO{ k"j{ / klZrddf of] cd]l/sfsf] @^ @* df cfof]jf @(cf}+
gbLx?n] 5'6\ofPsf 5g\ . cf}+ 7"nf] /fHo xf] . cd]l/sL /fHo
k"j{df ldl;l;kL gbL (Mis- o;sf] If]qkmn %^ xhf/ @ ag]sf] xf] .
sissippi River) / klZrddf ;o &@ ju{ dfOn -! nfv n n n
ldh'/L gbL (Missouri $% xhf/ & ;o $^ cfof]jfdf (( sfpG6L
River) tyf lau ;' ju{ lsnf]ld6/_ 5 . (county) 5g\ . x/]s /fHodf
gbL (Big Sioux River) n n n w]/} sfpG6L x'G5g\ .
5g\ . o;sf] pQ/– cfof]jfsf] hg;+Vof cd]l/sfdf # xhf/ a9L
k"j{df lj:sfG;g sl/a #! nfv #$ 5g\ .

c+u|]hL zAb ;"rL 61


c+u|]hLdf ;fwf/0f af]nrfn ug{ rflxg] sl/a # xhf/ zAbdWo]af6 Ps;6\7Lcf}+ ;"rL -efu ^!_
• cutting: b}glGbg, xd]zf, ;w}+, b}lgs ljz]if0f– cf]l;nf], lr;f], ;]lknf],
gfd– ;Dkfbg, 5fF6, pkdfu{, -cvaf/_ . cfb|{, pbf;, lvGg .
/]n, af6f], cflbsf nflu cUnf] • dam: lqmof– lr;f] kfg'{, lehfpg',
hdLgsf] s6fO . gfd– afFw, aGw, dfp -kz'sL cf]l;nf] kfg'{, lg?T;flxt kfg'{,
ljz]if0f– s6', tLvf], tLI0f . cfdf_, ;]t' . pT;fxlxg t'Nofpg', /S;L
• cycle: lqmof– afFWg', /f]Sg', k|jfx lkpg' .
gfd– a/fa/ eO/xg] 36gf, /f]Sg' . • Dan:
36gf–qmd, rqm, rSs/, bfo/f, • damage: gfd– ;Hhg, dxf]bo, dxfzo,
j[Q, l;nl;nf, b'O{ kfª\u|] ;jf/L, gfd– vlt, xflg, gf]S;fg÷ >Ldfg, 8\ofg, c+u|]hLdf Ps
;fOsn, afO:sn . g'S;fg, gf]S;fgL, Iflt, cf3ft, k'?ifnfO{ elgg] gfd, 8\oflgon
lqmof– ;fOsn r9\g', 3'Dg' . rf]6, e+u . gfdsf] 5f]6f] ?k .
• cycling: lqmof– xflg ug{', laufg{', bf]if • dance:
gfd– ;fOsn r9\g'÷rnfpg' . nufpg', gf:g' . gfd– g[To, gfFr, gf6\o,
• dad: • damp: g[Tof]T;j, nf:o .
gfd– a'af, afa', lktf, af . gfd– cf];, lr;f], ;]lknf], lqmof– gfRg', g[To ug'{,
• daily: lr:ofg, xfjfdf x'g] kfgLsf] cfgGb dgfP/ ck|mg', grfpg',
lqmof–ljz]if0f÷ljz]if0f– c+z, cfb|{tf, zLt, lg/fzf, tn–dfly÷otf–ptf xNng' .
b}lgs, /f]lhGbf, lbgx'F, k|ltlbg, pbfl;gtf, pT;fxlxgtf . qmdzM
$

@)!& d], jif{ & c+s (%


w"dkfg 5f8\g] % ;/n tl/sf
To;af6 6f9f /xg'xf];\ .
á ;sf/fTds

cdc.gov
w"dkfg TofUg] cfˆgf] lg0f{odf
cfkm}+ ;sf/fTds x'g'xf];\ .
w"dkfg TofUg oL kfFr ;/n á Jo:ttf
cfkm"nfO{ ljZjf; ug'{xf];\ .
pkfo lgs} ;xof]uL x'g;S5g\M cfkm"nfO{ cGoq Jo:t /fVgfn]
w"dkfg la;{g ;lsG5 . á d2t
á of]hgf c?sf] ;xfotf lng'xf];\ .
of]hgf agfpg'xf];\M d of] lbg– á b"/L w"dkfg 5f8\g] lbg c?nfO{
b]lv 5f8\5' . To:tf] lbg cfkm" w"dkfgaf6 6fl9g] k|of;
egL /fVg'xf];\ / 5f8]kl5 ;uj{
jf kl/jf/sf s'g} ;b:osf] ug'{xf];\ . ;fyL, 7fpF, kl/l:ylt eGg'xf];\, …d}n] t 5f8] lg ÛÚ
vf; lbg x'g'k5{ . cflb h;n] pS;fpF5g\, ;|f]tx¿M https://smokefree.gov

kl/j]z /f]Psf] dfq 5}g


zs'lg kf/fsf] rfn 5 oxf“ s'zn s[lt–JofVof u/]sf 5g\
;f]emf lgd'vfsf] xfn 5 oxf“ eg] e"6fgL ;|:6f k'/fgf3/]
cl3 a9\g hf] kfOnf rfN5 -ef]nf lzjfsf]6L_ n] ;Dkfbg
p;nfO{ 5f]Kg] hfn 5 oxf“ . u/]sf 5g\ . z'4fz'l4df Wofg
àà k'¥ofOPsf] 5 .
;dfhdf ef]u]sf] Pp6f kIf– sfˆn]sf] of] kfFrf}+ s[lt la6 dfbf{dfb}{
dfly k|xf/ u/]sf] of] d'Sts xf] eg] klxnf] d'Sts–
n]v]sf x'g\, g]kfnL–efifL e"6fgL ;+u|x . s[ltsf/n] …kl/j]z z/0ffyL{sf] cfgf] 7fpF
;h{s /fs]z sfˆn]n] . of] /f]Psf] a]nfÚnfO{ g]kfnL–efifL z/0ffyL{sf] k'gjf{;df ljsl;t
pgsf] d'Qms–;+u|x …kl/j]z e"6fgLn] n]v]sf] k|yd d'Qms– /fi6«x¿sf] of]ubfgsf] k|z+;f
u/]/ slxNo} ;lsb}g . To;df
/f]Psf] a]nfÚ sf @ ;o %% ;+u|x ePsf] atfPsf 5g\ .
cd]l/sfsf] t d'Vo xf] . t/ of]
d'StsdWo] Pp6f xf] . of] ut sl/a * OGr nDafO / % 7"nf] k|z+;fsf] ljifodf ljjfb
dlxgf -!^ clk|n @)!&_ OGr rf}8fOsf] of] lstfa leqL klg x'g] u/]sf] 5 . of] ;do
cd]l/sfsf] cfof]jf /fHodf pgsf] n]vgdf . st} cefj, !^* cfj/0f $ u/L !&@ o:t} ljifodf clNemPsf] 5 .
nf]sfk{0f ul/Psf] xf] . st} k"0f{tf 5 . Joª\Uo klg k[i7sf] 5 . lstfasf] d"No !) ljjfb :jefljs xf] lsgeg]
pSt k':ts e"6fgL lzIfs u/]sf 5g\, st} pgn]M 8n/ -g]kfnL ?k}ofF @%)_ 5 . k'gjf{;sf] sfd /fhgLltdf e/
:juL{o PgkL /]UdLk|lt ;dlk{t a'l4df lasf]{ nfP/ cfj/0f /lËg 5, cln cfsif{s kb}{ cfPsf] 5 . Pp6f ;d"x
ul/Psf] 5 . /]UdLn] e"6fg / dkfO{+Tjsf] uLt nfP/ 5 . leqL k[i7sf] ;Hhf /fd|f] cln pbf/ b]lvof] eg]
z/0ffyL{ lzlj/df g]kfnL–efifL uGtJodf k'U5f}+ s] ltdL < x'g;Sg] hlt ul/Psf] 5 . csf]{ cln sl;G5 . /fhgLltdf
e"6fgL afnaflnsfnfO{ efiff / cfj/0f–lrq gjn vltj8fsf] of] cgf}7f] klg xf]Og .
k"j{ hfgnfO{ klZrd wfP/ .
lzIffdf cu|;/ u/fpg] cys 5 eg] cfj/0f l8hfOg ;'/]z k'gjf{;sf] k/Dk/f
àà
k|of; u/]sf lyP . jfUn]n] u/]sf 5g\ . x]g]{ xf] eg] pgLx¿sf] :yfg,
d'StsM Oltxf;, df6f], efu -lx:;f_ pgLx¿sf tof/
;+u|xdf kl/j]z /f]Psf] dfq b]z 5f]8\bfsf] a]bgf, z/0ffyL{ cf]xfof]sf] sf]nDa;l:yt
ePsf] 5 . pgLx¿sf] of]ubfg
5}g, s[ltsf/ sfˆn] sxLF hLjgsf g/dfOnf If0f, k|]dsf kfyLe/f Hj]n;{ o;sf] k|sfzs pgLx¿s} lz/sf] tfh
oyfl:ylt :jLsf/]sf 5g\ eg] sxL j0f{g, s]xL xfF:o/;, t];|f] d'n'sdf xf] . d'b|0f eg] ;'gufef ckm;]6, ag]sf] 5 . of] klg :jLsfg{'k5{,
ljb|f]x ug{ vf]h]sf 5g\ . uNtL ef]u]sf kn, hflt–wd{–;+:s[lt– g]kfndf ul/Psf] xf] . z/0ffyL{sf] cfˆgf] :yfg 5,
b]vfpg cf}+nf 78\ofpg] k|of; k/Dk/fsf ;Gbe{, ef]nLsf] lrGtf of] lstfa @)!& d} c¿n] gcf]u6\g] . cd]l/sf–
u/]sf 5g\ . a]nfa]nf pgL jfSs cflb ljifodf n]lvPsf 5g\ . 5flkPsf] xf] . klxnf] ;+:s/0fdf nufot ljZjsf oL pbf/
x'G5g\ . sxLF b+u e]l6G5g\ . yf]/} o; ;+u|xsf zAb–zAb Ps xhf/ ! k|lt lgsflnPsf] b]zsf] Oltxf; oxL eG5 .
/fhgLlts r]t klg kfOG5, s]nfP/ 8f= b]jL g]kfnn] pNn]v 5 . wGojfb
Editor : Rajesh Koirala, Advisors : Doug Hall, Sattan Acharya, Tara Acharya, Tika Acharya, and Bhagirath Khatiwada
Bhutanese Community of New Hampshire, 510 Chestnut Street, Manchester, NH 03101, Email: aksharica.communication@gmail.com